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Khorda Avesta - Book of Common Prayer pt. 2
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The Zend-Avesta : Khorda Avesta - Book of Common Prayer pt. 2
AVESTA: KHORDA AVESTA (Book of Common Prayer)

Translation by James Darmesteter (From Sacred Books of the

East, American Edition, 1898.)
CONTENTS
Miscellaneous short prayers:
Ashem Vohu (invocation of Asha)
Ahunwar (most sacred manthra of Zoroastrianism)
Kem Na Mazda (exorcism)

Padyab-Kusti (ablution and formula for tying the kusti)

Baj before meals
Baj when answering the call of nature
Nirang-i Abezar
The Gah dedications
Srosh Baj
Hoshbam "hbsbe.html" (prayer at dawn)
Gahs (prayers for each period of the day)
Hawan - (sunrise to midday)
Rapithwin - (midday to mid-afternoon)
Uzerin - (mid-afternoon to sunset)
Aiwisruthrem - (sunset to midnight)
Ushahin - (midnight to dawn)
Niyayeshes (litanies)
Khwarshed Niyayesh (Sun Litany)
Mihr Niyayesh (Litany to Mithra)
Vispa Humata
Nam Stayishn
Namaz-i chahar nemag
Mah Niyayesh (Moon Litany)
Aban Niyayesh (Litany to Water)
Atash Niyayesh (Litany to Fire)

Yashts (Hymns to Ahura Mazda, the Archangels, and the Angels)

1. Ohrmazd Yasht
2. Haft Amahraspand Yasht
3. Ardwahisht Yasht
4. Awerdad Yasht
5. Ardui Sur Bano Yasht
6. Khwarshed Yasht
7. Mah Yasht
8. Tishtar Yasht
9. Drvasp Yasht
10. Mihr Yasht
11. Srosh Yasht Hadokht
11a. Srosh Yasht
12. Rashn Yasht
13. Frawardin Yasht
14. Warharan Yasht
15. Ram Yasht
16. Den Yasht
17. Ard Yasht
18. Ashtad Yasht
19. Zam Yasht
20. Hom Yasht
21. Vanand Yasht

Sirozas (Dedications for the thirty days of the month)

Siroza 1
Siroza 2
Afrinagans (prayers of blessing)
Afrinagan-i Dahman
Afrinagan-i Gatha
Afrinagan-i Gahambar
Afrinagan-i Rapithwin

====================================================================

Miscellaneous short prayers:
----------------------------
Ashem Vohu (invocation of Asha)
------------------------------

Holiness (Asha) is the best of all good: it is also happiness.

Happy the man who is holy with perfect holiness!
Ahunwar (most sacred manthra of Zoroastrianism)
-----------------------------------------------
The will of the Lord is the law of righteousness.

The gifts of Vohu-mano to the deeds done in this world for Mazda.

He who relieves the poor makes Ahura king.
Kem Na Mazda (exorcism)
-----------------------

What protector hast thou given unto me, O Mazda! while the

hate of the wicked encompasses me? Whom but thy Atar and Vohu-mano,

through whose work I keep on the world of righteousness? Reveal

therefore to me thy Religion as thy rule!
(Ke verethrem-ja:)

Who is the victorious who will protect thy teaching? Make

it clear that I am the guide for both worlds. May Sraosha come

with Vohu-mano and help whomsoever thou pleasest, O Mazda!

(Pata-no:)

Keep us from our hater, O Mazda and Armaiti Spenta! Perish,

O fiendish Druj! Perish, O brood of the fiend! Perish, O creation

of the fiend! Perish, O world of the fiend! Perish away, O Druj!

Rush away, O Druj! Perish away, O Druj! Perish away to the regions

of the north, never more to give unto death the living world of

Righteousness!

Homage, with which (are combined) devotion and milk offerings.

Padyab-Kusti (ablution and formula for tying the kusti)

-------------------------------------------------------

0. With satisfaction for Ahura Mazda. Ashem Vohu....

Kem Na Mazda: What protector hast thou given ...

Ohrmazd is Lord! Ahriman he keeps at bay, he holds him back.

May Ahriman be struck and defeated, with devs and drujs, sorcerers

and sinners, kayags and karbs, tyrants, wrongdoers and heretics,

sinners, enemies and witches! May they (all) be struck and defeated!

May evil rulers not exist, (or) be far away! May enemies be defeated!

May enemies all not exist, (or) be far away!

O Ohrmazd, Lord! I am contrite for all sins and I desist from

them, from all bad thoughts, bad words and bad acts which I have

thought, spoken or done in the world, or which have happened through

me, or have originated with me. For those sins of thinking, speaking

and acting, of body and soul, worldly or spiritual, O Ohrmazd!

I am contrite, I renounce them. With three words I distance myself

(from them).

1. With satisfaction for Ahura Mazda, scorn for Angra Mainyu!

The true achievement of what is most wonderful, according to wish!

I praise Asha! Ashem Vohu....
Yatha Ahu Vairyo...(2).
Ashem Vohu....
2. Come to my aid, O Mazda (3).

I profess myself a Mazda-worshipper, a Zoroastrian, having

vowed it and professed it. I pledge myself to the well-thought

thought, I pledge myself to the well-spoken word, I pledge myself

to the well-done action.

I pledge myself to the Mazdayasnian religion, which causes

the attack to be put off and weapons put down; which upholds khvaetvadatha

(kin-marriage), which possesses Asha; which of all religions that

exist or shall be, is the greatest, the best, and the most beautiful:

Ahuric, Zoroastrian. I ascribe all good to Ahura Mazda. This is

the creed of the Mazdayasnian religion.
Ashem Vohu...!!
Baj before meals
----------------
Thus therefore do we worship Ahura Mazda,
who made the Kine (the living creation), and the

(embodied) Righteousness (which is incarnate in the

clean), and the waters, and the wholesome plants,

the stars, and the earth, and all (existing) objects

that are good.
(after meal:)
Ashem vohu...(4).
Yatha Ahu Vairyo...(2).
To him splendor...
Baj when answering the call of nature
-------------------------------------

(Modi 374. This prayer is also known as "Pishab ni Baj".)

May wrong actions be done away with a hundred-thousand times.

Yatha Ahu Vairyo...
(here perform the natural function)
Ashem vohu...(3).
We are praisers of good thoughts, of good

words, and of good actions, of those now and those

hereafter [(Pazand) of those being done; and of those

completed]. We implant (?) them (with our homage,

and we do this) the more, and yet the more since we

are (praisers) of the good (from whom they spring).

(y35.2)To the best of good rulers (is) verily the Kingdom,

because we render and ascribe it to Him, and
make it thoroughly His own (?), to Mazda Ahura
do we ascribe it, and to Righteousness the Best.

(y35.5)Broken, broken be Satan Ahriman. .... not reach me.

May the thirty-three Ameshaspands and the creator Ormazd be victorious.

I praise Asha. Ashem vohu.... Homage to these places and these lands, and for these

pastures, and these abodes with their hay-racks, and for the waters,

land, and plants, and for this earth and for yon heaven, and for

tbe Asha-owning wind, and for the stars, moon, and sun, and for

the eternal stars without beginning, and self-disposing, and for

all the Asha-owning creatures of Spenta Mainyu, male and female,

the regulators of Asha. Ashem Vohu.... (4)
Bestow on him riches... (Recite SrB5.)
Ashem Vohu....
Mah Niyayesh (Moon Litany)
--------------------------

0. In the name of God. May the majesty and glory of Ormazd, the

beneficent lord, increase. (Hither) may come the purifier Moon, the Yazad

Moon. Of all sins ... I repent.

1. Homage to Ahura Mazda. Homage to the Amesha Spentas. Homage to the

Moon that has the seed of the Bull. Homage (to the Moon) when looked at.

Homage with the look.

2. Propitiation to Ahura Mazda. ... I praise Asha. I proclaim ... of

Ahurian Faith.
(Here recite the appropriate Gah dedication.)

Propitiation ... glorification to the Moon that has the seed of

the Bull. To the sole-created Bull. To the Bull of many species.

As (he is) the Lord that is to be chosen ... let one who knows it

pronounce it to me.

3. Homage to Ahura Mazda .... Homage with the look.

4. How does the Moon wax? How does the Moon wane? Fifteen (days) does

the Moon wax. Fifteen days does the moon wane. As long as (is) her waxing,

so long the waning. So long (is) the waning, even as the waxing. Who (is it)

through whom the Moon waxes (and) wanes, (other) than you?

5. We sacrifice to the Moon that has the seed of the Bull, the

righteous and master of Asha. Now I look at the Moon. Now I present myself

to the Moon. Now I behold the brilliant Moon. I present myself to the

brilliant Moon. There stand up the Amesha Spentas, they hold the glory.

There stand the Amesha Spentas, they bestow the glory on the earth created by

Ahura.

6. When the Moon warms with its light, then the golden-colored plants

always grow up together from the earth in the spring. (We sacrifice to) the

new-moon days, the full-moon days, and the intervening seventh day. We

sacrifice to the new-moon, the righteous, master of Asha. We sacrifice to the

full-moon, the righteous, master of Asha. We sacrifice to the intervening

day, the righteous, master of Asha.

7. I will sacrifice to the Moon that has the seed of the Bull, the

bestower, radiant, glorious, possessed of water, possessed of warmth,

possessed of knowledge, possessed of wealth, possessed of riches, possessed of

discernment, possessed of weal, possessed of verdure, possessed of good, the

bestower, the healing.

8. For his splendor and fortune I shall sacrifice to him with audible

worship, the Moon that has the seed of the Bull, with libations.

We sacrifice to the Moon that has the seed of the Bull, the righteous,

master of Asha,

With Haoma-containing milk ... and with correctly uttered words.

We worship the male and female Entities in the worship of whom Ahura

Mazda knows (there is (or: consists) what is) best (lit. better) according to

Asha.
9. Y.A.V.(2).

I desire worship ... of the Moon that has the seed of the Bull, of the sole-

created Bull, of cattle of all species. Ashem...(3). 10.Give strength

and victory. Give a satisfactory supply of cattle. Give a multitude of men,

steadfast, belonging to the assembly, vanquishing, not vanquished, vanquishing

adversaries at one stroke, vanquishing enemies at one stroke, of manifest help

to the blessed.

11. O Yazads full of fortune! O Yazads full of healing! Manifest by

your greatness, manifest be those of you who help when invoked. O waters give

indeed just your own manifest fortune to the worshiper.

Aban Niyayesh (Litany to Water)
-------------------------------

0. In the name of God. May the majesty and glory of Ormazd, the

beneficent lord, increase. (Hither) may come Banu Aban Ardvisur.

Of all sins ... I repent.

1. To the good waters, created by Mazda. To the waters of Aredvi

Anahita, the righteous. To all waters created by Mazda. To all

plants created by Mazda. Propitiation ... glorification. As (he

is) the Lord that is to be chosen ... let one who knows it pronounce

it to me.

2. Ahura Mazda spoke to Spitama Zarathushtra: 'May you sacrifice

for me, O Spitama Zarathushtra, to her who is Aredvi Sura Anahita,

The wide-expanding, the healing,
Foe to the daevas, of Ahura's Faith,
Worthy of sacrifice in the material world,
Worthy of prayer in the material world,
Life-increasing, the righteous,
Herd-increasing, the righteous,
Fold-increasing, the righteous,
Wealth-increasing, the righteous,
Country-increasing, the righteous.'
3. Who purifies the seed of all males.
Who purifies the wombs of

All females for bearing. Who makes all females have easy childbirth.

Who bestows on all females
Right (and) timely milk.
4. The great, far-famed,
Who is as much in greatness
As all these waters
That run along on this earth.
Who, the strong one, flows forth
From the height Hukairya
To the Sea Vourukasha.
5. All the shores around the Sea Vourukasha
Are in commotion,
The whole middle is bubbling up
When she flows forth to them,
When she streams forth to them,
Aredvi Sura Anahita.
To whom belong a thousand lakes,
To whom a thousand outlets;
Anyone of these lakes
And any of these outlets
(Is) a forty days' ride
For a man mounted on a good horse.
6. And the outflow of this

One water of mine penetrates to all the seven zones. And (the

outflow) of this one water of mine
Flows continuously
Both summer and winter.

She purifies my waters, she (purifies) the seed of males, the

wombs of females, the milk of females.

7. Whom I, Ahura Mazda by movement of tongue (?) brought forth

for the furtherance of the house, village, town, and country.

8. Inasmuch as I shall henceforth recite the Staota Yasna, and

shall recite the Ahuna Vairya, and shall pour forth (?) the Asha

Vahishta, and shall purify the good waters with (lit. together

with) that Gathic word 'Ahura Mazda attained first in the Abode

of Praise' - she will therefore give me reward.

9. For her splendor and fortune I shall sacrifice to her with

audible worship, I shall sacrifice to her with the well-sacrificed

worship. Through this may you be commanded when invoked! Through

this may you be more than well-sacrificed! (We sacrifice) to Aredvi

Sura Anahita, the righteous, with libations. We sacrifice to Aredvi

Sura Anahita, the righteous, master of Asha,

With Haoma-containing milk ... and with correctly uttered words.

We worship the male and female Entities in the worship of whom

Ahura Mazda knows (there is (or: consists) what is) best (lit.

better) according to Asha.
Atash Niyayesh (Litany to Fire)
-------------------------------

0. With propitiation of Ahura Mazda. Homage to you, O Fire of

Ahura Mazda, O good created, great Yazata.

Ashem Vohu.... In the name of God. May the majesty and glory of

Ormazd, the beneficent Lord, increase.
(Note: If praying at an Atash Bahram, recite:)
To the Fire Behram, the great Fire.
(Note: If praying at an Atash Adaran, recite:)
To the Fire Adaran, the great Fire.
(Note: If praying at an Atash Dadgah, recite:)
To the Fire Dadgah, the great Fire.
Of all sins ... I repent.

1. Arise unto me, O Ahura! give vigor through Armaiti, Strength

by the good reward through Thy Holy Spirit, O Mazda! Mighty power

through Asha, supremacy through Vohu Manah.

2. For my support, O Far-seeing One, may Ye manifest unto me

those incomparable things

Of your Khshathra, O Ahura, which are the reward of Vohu Manah;

Instruct our consciences, O Holy Armaiti, through Asha.

3. So Zarathushtra gives as an offering even the life of his body,

And the excellence of Vohu Manah unto Mazda,

As also obedience and power of deed and word unto Asha.

4. Propitiation unto Ahura Mazda. Homage unto thee, O Fire of

Ahura Mazda, thou good-created, great Yazata.
Ashem Vohu...(3).

I profess myself a Mazda-worshipper, a follower of Zarathushtra,

opposing the Daevas, accepting the Ahuric doctrine.

(Here recite the appropriate Gah dedication.)

Unto Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda. Unto thee, O Fire, son of Ahura

Mazda.

5. To Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda; to the good fortune and Prosperity,

created by Mazda; to the Aryan good fortune, created by Mazda;

to the kingly good fortune, created by Mazda; to Fire, the son

of Ahura Mazda; to Kavi Husravah, to the Lake of Husravah; to

Mount Asnavant, created by Mazda; to Lake Chaechista, created

by Mazda; to the kingly good fortune, created by Mazda.

6. To Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda; to Mount Raevant, created

by Mazda, to the kingly good fortune, created by Mazda; to Fire,

the son of Ahura Mazda; O Fire! holy warrior, O Yazata full of

fortune, O Yazata full of healing; to Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda,

with all fires; to the Yazata Nairyosangha, offspring of sovereignty

(Khshathra). Propitiation for worship, adoration, propitiation,

and praise.
'Yatha Ahu Vairyo', the zaotar should say to me

'Atha ratush ashatchit hacha', the Asha-owning, knowing one should

say.

7. I bless in reverence and adoration the abiding offering, the

joyous offering, and the devotional offering (offered) to you,

O Fire! son of Ahura Mazda.
Worthy of sacrifice you are, worthy of prayer,

worthy of sacrifice may you always be, worthy of prayer,

in the dwellings of men.

May there be hope to that man who verily shall sacrifice to you

with fuel in his hand, with the Baresma in his hand,

with milk in his hand, with the mortar in his hand.

8. May you be provided with proper fuel! May you be provided

with proper incense! May you be provided with proper nourishment!

May you be provided with proper upkeep! May you be maintained

by one of full age! May you be maintained by one wise (in religion),

O Fire, son of Ahura Mazda.

9. In order to be burning in this house, in order to be ever

burning in this house, in order to be blazing in this house, in

order to be increasing in this house,
Even throughout the Long Time,

until the mighty Renovation, including the mighty, good Renovation.

10. Give me, O Fire, son of Ahura Mazda! well-being immediately,

sustenance immediately; life immediately, well-being in abundance;

sustenance in abundance, life in abundance; knowledge, holiness,

a ready tongue, understanding for (my) soul; and afterwards wisdom

(which is) comprehensive, great, imperishable.

11. (Give me) then the manly valor, which is ever afoot, sleepless,

(for one third of the days and nights), watchful while lying in

bed. (Give me) native offspring that give support, ruling over

the region, belonging to the assembly, thoroughly developed, possessed

of good works, delivering from distress, of good intellect, that

may further my house, village, town, country, (and) the renown

of the country.
12. Give me, O Fire, son of Ahura Mazda, the Best

World of the righteous, the shining, the all-happy, so that it

may fulfill my wish, now and for ever, so as to attain to good

reward, and to good renown, and to long happiness of my soul!

13. The Fire of Ahura Mazda
Gives command to all
For whom he cooks
The night and the morning meals.
From all he solicits
A good offering, and a wished-for offering,
And a devotional offering, O Spitama!

14. The Fire looks at the hands of all passers-by - 'what does

the friend bring to the friend, the one that goes forth to the

one that sits still?' We sacrifice unto the holy Fire, the bold,

good warrior.

15. Then if that one brings unto him either fuel righly brought,

or Baresma rightly spread, or the plant Hadhanaepata, to him thereupon,

in fulfillment of his wish, the Fire of Ahura Mazda, propitiated,

unoffended, gives a blessing:
16. 'May a herd of cattle attend you,
A multitude of men to you,
And may an active mind
And an active spirit attend you.
May you live with a joyous life
The nights which you live!'
This is the Fire's blessing (on him)
Who brings him fuel,
Dry, exposed to the light,
Purified in accordance with the ritual of Asha.
17. (Recite silently:)

Ormazd the Lord! the increaser of mankind, of the species

of mankind, of all species, and of all good ones! May he cause

intelligence, steadfastness, and goodness, unto me (who am) one

of the good Mazdayasnians. So be it!
(Recite aloud:)
Yatha Ahu Vairyo...(2).

I desire worship and adoration and strength and force for Fire,

son of Ahura Mazda. For Fire, son of Ahura Mazda, to the good

fortune and prosperity, created by Mazda, to the Aryan good fortune,

created by Mazda; to the kingly good fortune, created by Mazda;

to Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda; to Kavi Husravah; to the Lake

of Husravah, to Mount Asnavant, created by Mazda; to Lake Chaechista,

created by Mazda; to the kingly good fortune, created by Mazda.

To Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda; to Mount Raevant, created by

Mazda; to the kingly good fortune, created by Mazda; to Fire,

the son of Ahura Mazda; O Fire! holy warrior, O Yazata full of

fortune, O Yazata full of healing; to Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda,

with all fires; to the Yazata Nairyosangha, offspring of sovereignty

(Khshathra).
Ashem Vohu...(3).

18. Then through Asha, O Ahura! we wish your mighty and powerful

Fire, which is taught through Asha, to be a manifest help to the

ally, but a visible harm at your beck, O Mazda! to the foe.

Ashem Vohu....
19. Bestow on him riches... (SrB5)

20. Homage to the creator of the creatures of the world, on the

day (name the day) of good name, of holy name, of auspicious name,

on the month (name the month) of auspicious name, of the Gah (name

the Gah). With propitiation of Ahura Mazda. Homage to you, O Fire

of Ahura Mazda, O good created, great Yazata.
Ashem Vohu....

May there be an increase in the luster and fortune .

(Note: If praying at an Atash Bahram, recite:)
To the Fire Behram, the great Fire.
(Note: If praying at an Atash Adaran, recite:)
To the Fire Adaran, the great Fire.
(Note: If praying at an Atash Dadgah, recite:)
To the Fire Dadgah, the great Fire.

May the powerful and victorious fires - Adar Gushasp, Adar Khordad

and Adar Burzin Meher and other Adaran and Atashan which are established

in their proper places (dad-gah) be on the increase. May the greatness

and brightness of Menoi Karko which is powerful and victorious

be on the increase. May these be on the increase - these fires

which possess power and victory. May the knowledge, promulgation,

and glory of the Mazdayasnian law and religion be in the seven

regions of the earth! So be it!
I must go thither (3).
Ashem Vohu....
(Recite facing south:)

To the creator of the world, to the Mazdayasnian religion,

the Law of Zarthusht. Homage to you! O righteous Ardvisura Anahita,

most profitable, O righteous one.
Ashem Vohu....

Homage to you, O good tree, righteous, created by Mazda.

Ashem Vohu....

With propitiation of Ahura Mazda. Homage to you, O Fire of Ahura

Mazda, O good created, great Yazata.
Ashem Vohu....

Yashts (Hymns to Ahura Mazda, the Archangels, and the Angels)

-------------------------------------------------------------

1. Ohrmazd Yasht (Hymn to Ahura Mazda)
--------------------------------------

(Translated by James Darmesteter (From Sacred Books of the

East, American Edition, 1898.)

0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced! May Angra Mainyu be destroyed

by those who do truly what is the foremost wish (of God).

I praise well-thought, well-spoken, and well-done thoughts, words,

and deeds. I embrace all good thoughts, good words, and good deeds;

I reject all evil thoughts, evil words, and evil deeds.

I give sacrifice and prayer unto you, O Amesha-Spentas! even with

the fullness of my thoughts, of my words, of my deeds, and of

my heart: I give unto you even my own life.
I recite the 'Praise of Holiness:'

'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good. Well is it for

it, well is it for that holiness which is perfection of holiness!'

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Savanghi

and Visya], the holy and masters of holiness;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto the

Masters of the days, of the periods of the day, of the months,

of the seasons, and of the years;

Unto AHURA MAZDA, bright and glorious, be propitiation, with sacrifice,

prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness:

the riches of Vohu-Mano shall he given to him who works in this

world for Mazda, and wields according to the will of Ahura the

power he gave him to relieve the poor.

1. Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'O Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One!

'What of the Holy Word is the strongest? What is the most victorious?

What is the most glorious? What is the most effective?

2. 'What is the most fiend-smiting? What is the best-healing?

What destroyeth best the malice of Daevas and Men? What maketh

the material world best come to the fulfillment of its wishes?

What freeth the material world best from the anxieties of the

heart?'

3. Ahura Mazda answered: 'Our Name, O Spitama Zarathushtra! who

are the Amesha-Spentas, that is the strongest part of the Holy

Word; that is the most victorious; that is the most glorious;

that is the most effective;

4. 'That is the most fiend-smiting; that is the best-healing;

that destroyeth best the malice of Daevas and Men: that maketh

the material world best come to the fulfillment of its wishes;

that freeth the material World best from the anxieties of the

heart.'

5. Then Zarathushtra said: 'Reveal unto me that name of thine,

O Ahura Mazda! that is the greatest, the best, the fairest, the

most effective, the most fiend-smiting, the best-healing, that

destroyeth best the malice of Daevas and Men;

6. 'That I may afflict all Daevas and Men; that I may afflict

all Yatus and Pairikas; that neither Daevas nor Men may be able

to afflict me; neither Yatus nor Pairikas.'

7. Ahura Mazda replied unto him: 'My name is the One of whom

questions are asked, O holy Zarathushtra!
'My second name is the Herd-giver
'My third name is the Strong One
'My fourth name is Perfect Holiness.

'My fifth name is All good things created by Mazda, the offspring

of the holy principle.
'My sixth name is Understanding;
'My seventh name is the One with understanding.
'My eighth name is Knowledge;
'My ninth name is the One with Knowledge.
8. 'My tenth name is Weal;
'My eleventh name is He who produces weal.
'My twelfth name is AHURA (the Lord).
'My thirteenth name is the most Beneficent.

'My fourteenth name is He in whom there is no harm.

'My fifteenth name is the unconquerable One.

'My sixteenth name is He who makes the true account.

'My seventeenth name is the All-seeing One.
'My eighteenth name is the healing One.
'My nineteenth name is the Creator.

'My twentieth name is MAZDA (the All-knowing One).

9. Worship me, O Zarathushtra, by day and by night, with offerings

of libations well accepted I will come unto thee for help and

joy, I, Ahura Mazda; the good, holy Sraosha will come unto thee

for help and joy; the waters, the plants, and the Fravashis of

the holy ones will come unto thee for help and joy.

10. 'If thou wantest, O Zarathushtra, to destroy the malice of

Daevas and Men, of the Yatus and Pairikas, of the oppressors,

of the blind and of the deaf, of the two-legged ruffians, of the

two-legged Ashemaoghas, of the four-legged wolves;

11. 'And of the hordes with the wide front, with the many spears,

with the straight spears, with the spears uplifted, bearing the

spear of havock; then, recite thou these my names every day and

every night.

12. 'I am the Keeper; I am the Creator and the Maintainer; I am

the Discerner; I am the most beneficent Spirit.

'My name is the bestower of health; my name is the best bestower

of health.

'My name is the Athravan; my name is the most Athravan-like of

all Athravans.
'My name is Ahura (the Lord)
'My name is Mazdau (the all-knowing).
'My name is the Holy; my name is the most Holy.

'My name is the Glorious; my name is the most Glorious.

'My name is the Full-seeing; my name is the Fullest-seeing.

'My name is the Far-seeing; my name is the Farthest-seeing.

13. 'My name is the Protector; my name is the Well-wisher; my

name is the Creator; my name is the Keeper; my name is the Maintainer.

'My name is the Discerner; my name is the Best Discerner.

'My name is the Prosperity-producer; my name is the Word of Prosperity.

'My name is the King who rules at his will; my name is the King

who rules most at his will.

'My name is the liberal King; my name is the most liberal King.

14. 'My name is He who does not deceive; my name is He who is

not deceived.

'My name is the good Keeper; my name is He who destroys malice;

my name is He Who conquers at once; my name is He who conquers

everything; my name is He who has shaped everything.

'My name is All weal; my name is full weal; my name is the Master

of weal.

15. 'My name is He who can benefit at his wish; my name is He

who can best benefit at his wish.

'My name is the Beneficent One; my name is the Energetic One;

my name is the most Beneficent.

'My name is Holiness; my name is the Great One; my name is the

good Sovereign; my name is the Best of Sovereigns.

'My name is the Wise One; my name is the Wisest of the Wise; my

name is He who does good for a long time.
16. 'These are my names.

'And he who in this material world, O Spitama Zarathushtra! shall

recite and pronounce those names of mine either by day or by night;

17. 'He who shall pronounce them, when he rises up or when he

lays him down; when he lays him down or when he rises up; when

he binds on the sacred girdle or when he unbinds the sacred girdle;

when he goes out of his dwelling-place, or when he goes out of

his town, or when he goes out of his country and comes into another

country:

18. 'That man, neither in that day nor in that night, shall be

wounded by the weapons of the foe who rushes Aeshma-like and is

Druj-minded; not the knife, not the cross-bow, not the arrow,

not the sword, not the club, not the sling-stone shall reach and

wound him.

19. 'But those names shall come in to keep him from behind and

to keep him in front, from the Druj unseen, from the female Varenya

fiend, from the evil-doer bent on mischief, and from that fiend

who is all death, Angra Mainyu. It will be as if there were a

thousand men watching over one man.

20. '"Who is he who will smite the fiend in order to maintain

thy ordinances? Teach me clearly thy rules for this world and

for the next, that Sraosha may come with Vohu-Mano and help whomsoever

thou pleasest."

21. 'Hail to the Glory of the Kavis! Hail to the Airyanem Vaejah!

Hail to the Saoka, made by Mazda! Hail to the waters of the Daitya!

Hail to Ardvi, the undefiled well! Hail to the whole world of

the holy Spirit!
'Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord...
'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

22. 'We worship the Ahuna Vairya. We worship Asha-Vahishta, most

fair, undying, and beneficent. We worship Strength and Prosperity

and Might and Victory and Glory and Vigour. We worship Ahura Mazda,

bright and glorious.

'Yenghe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda knows the

goodness for a sacrifice [performed] in holiness, all those beings,

males and females, do we worship.

23. 'Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

I bless the sacrifice and the prayer unto Ahura Mazda, bright

and glorious, and his strength and vigour.'
(Bahman Yasht.)

24. 'O Zarathushtra! keep thou for ever that man who is friendly

[to me] from the foe unfriendly [to me]! Do not give up that friend

unto the stroke (of the foe), unto vexations to be borne; wish

no harm unto that man who would offer me a sacrifice, be it ever

so great or ever so small, if it has reached unto us, the Amesha-Spentas.

25. 'Here is Vohu-Mano, my creature, O Zarathushtra! here is Asha-Vahishta,

my creature, O Zarathushtra! here is Khshathra-Vairya, my creature,

O Zarathushtra! here is Spenta-Armaiti, my creature, O Zarathushtra!

here are Haurvatat and Ameretat, who are the reward of the holy

ones, when freed from their bodies, my creatures, O Zarathushtra!

26. 'Thou knowest this, and how it is, O holy Zarathushtra! from

my understanding and from my knowledge; namely, how the world

first began, and how it will end.
'A thousand remedies, ten thousand remedies!
'A thousand remedies, ten thousand remedies!
'A thousand remedies, ten thousand remedies!

27. '[We worship] the well-shapen, tall-formed Strength; Verethraghna,

made by Ahura; the crushing Ascendant, and Spenta-Armaiti.

28. 'And with the help of Spenta-Armaiti, break ye asunder their

malice, turn their minds astray, bind their hands, make their

knees quake against one another, bind their tongues.

'When, O Mazda! shall the faithful smite the wicked? When shall

the faithful smite the Druj? When shall the faithful smite the

wicked?'

29. Then Zarathushtra said: 'I threw you back into the earth,

and by the eyes of Spenta-Armaiti the ruffian was made powerless.

30. 'We worship the powerful Gaokerena, made by Mazda; the powerful

Gaokerena, made by Mazda.

31. 'We worship the memory of Ahura Mazda to keep the Holy Word.

We worship the understanding of Ahura Mazda, to study the Holy

Word.

'We worship the tongue of Ahura Mazda, to speak forth the Holy

Word.

'We worship the mountain that gives understanding, that preserves

understanding; [we worship it] by day and by night, with offerings

of libations well-accepted.

32. 'We worship that creation [of Ahura's], Spenta-Armaiti; and

the holy creations of that creature and of Asha [Vahishta], that

are foremost in holiness.

'Here I take as lord and master the greatest of all, Ahura Mazda;

to smite the fiend Angra Mainyu; to smite Aeshma of the wounding

spear; to smite the Mazainya fiends; to smite all the Daevas and

the Varenya fiends; to increase Ahura Mazda, bright and glorious;

to increase the Amesha-Spentas; to increase the star Tishtrya,

the bright and glorious; to increase the faithful men; to increase

all the holy creatures of the beneficent Spirit.
'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....
33. Bestow on him riches... (Recite SrB5.)

'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....'

2. Haft Amahraspand Yasht
-------------------------
0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!...
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of

Zarathushtra, one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of

Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto

[Havani], the holy and master of holiness....
I.

1. To Ahura Mazda, bright and glorious, and to the

Amesha-Spentas;

To Vohu-Mano; to Peace, whose breath is friendly, and who is

more powerful to destroy than all other creatures; to the

heavenly Wisdom, made by Mazda, and to the Wisdom acquired

through the ear, made by Mazda;

2. To Asha-Vahishta, the fairest; to the much-desired Airyaman;

to the instrument made by Mazda: and to the good Saoka, with eyes

of love, made by Mazda and holy;

To Khshathra-Vairya; to the metals; to Mercy and Charity.

3. To the good Spenta-Armaiti, and to the good Rata, with eyes

of love, made by Mazda and holy;

To Haurvatat, the master; to the prosperity of the seasons

and to the years, the masters of holiness;

And to Ameretat, the master; to fatness and flocks; to the

plenty of corn; and to the powerful Gaokerena, made by Mazda.

4. (At the Gah Hawan): To Mithra, the lord of wide pastures and

to Rama Hvastra.

(At the Gah Rapithwin): To Asha-Vahishta and to Atar, the

son of Ahura Mazda.

(At the Gah, Uzerin): To Apam Napat, the tall lord, and to

water, made by Mazda.

5. (At the Gah Aiwisruthrem): To the Fravashis of the faithful

and to the females that bring forth flocks of males; to the

prosperity of the seasons; to the well-shapen and tall-formed

Strength; to Verethraghna, made by Ahura, and to the crushing

Ascendant.

(At the Gah Usahin): To the holy, devout, fiend-smiting

Sraosha, who makes the world grow; to Rashnu-Razishta and to

Arshtat, who makes the world grow, who makes the world increase;

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation and

glorification!

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of

holiness....
II.

6. We sacrifice unto Ahura Mazda, bright and glorious; we

sacrifice unto the Amesha-Spentas, the all-ruling, the

all-beneficent.

We sacrifice unto Vohu-Mano, the Amesha-Spenta; we sacrifice

unto Peace, whose breath is friendly, and who is more powerful to

destroy than all other creatures; we sacrifice unto the heavenly

Wisdom, made by Mazda; we sacrifice unto the Wisdom acquired

through the ear, made by Mazda.

7. We sacrifice unto Asha-Vahishta, the fairest, the

Amesha-Spenta; we sacrifice unto the much-desired Airyaman; we

sacrifice unto the instrument made by Mazda; we sacrifice unto

the good Saoka, with eyes of love, made by Mazda and holy.

We sacrifice unto Khshathra-Vairya; we sacrifice unto the

metals; we sacrifice unto Mercy and Charity.

8. We sacrifice unto the good Spenta-Armaiti; we sacrifice unto

the good Rata, with eyes of love, made by Mazda and holy.

We sacrifice unto Haurvatat, the Amesha-Spenta; we sacrifice

unto the prosperity of the seasons; we sacrifice unto the years,

the holy and masters of holiness.

We sacrifice unto Ameretat, the Amesha-Spenta; we sacrifice

unto fatness and flocks; we sacrifice unto the plenty of corn; we

sacrifice unto the powerful Gaokerena, made by Mazda.

9. (At the Gah Hawan): We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of

wide pastures; we sacrifice unto Rama Hvastra.

(At the Gah Rapithwin): We sacrifice unto Asha-Vahishta and

Atar, the son of Ahura Mazda.

(At the Gah Uzerin): We sacrifice unto Apam Napat, the

swift-horsed, the tall and shining lord, the lord of the females;

we sacrifice unto the holy waters, made by Mazda.

10. (At the Gah Aiwisruthrem): We sacrifice unto the good,

powerful, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful; we sacrifice unto

the females who bring forth flocks of males; we sacrifice unto

the prosperity of the seasons; we sacrifice unto the well-shapen,

tall-formed Strength; we sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by

Mazda; we sacrifice unto the crushing Ascendant.
(At the Gah Ushahin): We sacrifice unto the holy,

tall-formed, fiend-smiting Sraosha; who makes the world grow, the

holy an master of holiness; we sacrifice unto Rashnu-Razishta; we

sacrifice unto Arshtat, who makes the world grow, who makes the

world increase
III.

11. Let the Yatus be crushed, O Zarathushtra! both Daevas and

men.

Who is he in whose house, O Spitama Zarathushtra! every Druj

is destroyed, every Druj perishes, when he pronounces these

words:
12. ........?

13. It is he who takes the seven Amesha-Spentas, the all-ruling,

the all-beneficent, as a shield against his enemies.

We worship the Law of the worshippers of Mazda; we worship

the waters coming in the shape of a horse, made by Mazda.

14-15.

He has renounced trespasses and faults, O Zarathustra! he

has renounced all trespasses and faults, O Zarathustra! when he

throws down the destroyer of Vohu-Mano and his words, with a

hundred times hundredfold, with a many times manifold preaching

and smiting, and he takes away the Law of Mazda, that was carried

away as a prisoner, from the hands of the [ungodly], who are

destroyed by his strength.
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

16. Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of

holiness....

I bless the sacrifice and the prayer, the strength and

vigour
Of Ahura Mazda, bright and glorious, and of the
Amesha-Spentas;

Of Vohu-Mano; of Peace, whose breath is friendly....

Of Asha-Vahishta, the fairest; of the much-desired

Airyaman....
Of Khshathra-Vairya, of the metals....

Of the good Spenta-Armaiti and of the good Rata....

Of Haurvatat, the master....
Of Ameretat, the master....
(At the Gah Hawan): Of Mithra....
(At the Gah Rapithwin): Of Asha-Vahishta....

(At the Gah Uzerin): Of the high lord Apam Napat....

(At the Gah Aiwisruthrem): Of the Fravashis of the

faithful....

(At the Gah Ushahin): Of the holy, devout, fiend-smiting

Sraosha, who makes the world grow; of Rashnu-Razishta and of

Arshtat, who makes the world grow, who makes the world increase.

Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

Give unto that man brightness and glory, give him health of

body, give him sturdiness of body, give him victorious strength

of body, give him full welfare of wealth, give him a virtuous

offspring,

give him long, long life, give him the bright, all-happy,

blissful abode of the holy Ones.
3. Ardwahisht Yasht
-------------------
0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced! ....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of

Zarathushtra, one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of

Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto

[Havani], the holy and master of holiness....

Unto Asha-Vahishta, the fairest; unto the much-desired

Airyaman, made by Mazda, and unto the good Saoka, with eyes of

love, made by Mazda and holy;

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and

glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of

holiness....
I.

1. Ahura Mazda spake unto Spitama Zarathushtra, saying: 'That

thou mayest increase Asha-Vahishta, O Spitama Zarathushtra! with

hymns of praise, with performance of the office, with

invocations, holy words, sacrifice, blessings, and adoration -

once to abide in the shining luminous space, in the beautiful

abodes - for the sacrifice and invocation of us, the

Amesha-Spentas'....

2. Zarathushtra said: 'Say unto me the right words, such as

they are, O Ahura Mazda! that I may increase Asha-Vahishta, with

hymns of praise, with performance of the office, with

invocations, holy words, sacrifice, blessings, and adoration, -

once to abide in the shining luminous space, in the beautiful

abodes, - for the sacrifice and invocation of you, the

Amesha-Spentas.

3. '.... I proclaim Asha-Vahishta: if I proclaim Asha-Vahishta,

then easy is the way to the abode of the other Amesha-Spentas,

which Ahura Mazda keeps with Good Thoughts, which Ahura Mazda

keep with Good Words, which Ahura Mazda keeps with Good Deeds;

4. '(Easy is the way to the Garo-nmana of Ahura Mazda): the

Garo-nmana is for the holy souls, and no one of the wicked can

enter the Garo-nmana and its bright, wide, holy ways; (no one of

them can go) to Ahura Mazda.
II.

5. 'The Airyaman prayer smites down the strength of all the

creatures of Angra Mainyu, of the Yatus and Pairikas. It is the

greatest of spells, the best of spells, the very best of all

spells; the fairest of spells, the very fairest of all spells;

the fearful one amongst spells, the most fearful of all spells;

the firm one amongst spells, the firmest of all spells; the

victorious one amongst spells, the most victorious of all spells;

the healing one amongst spells, the best-healing of all spells.

6. 'One may heal with Holiness, one may heal with the Law, one

may heal with the knife, one may heal with herbs, one may heal

with the Holy Word: amongst all remedies this one is the healing

one that heals with the Holy Word; this one it is at will best

drive away sickness from the body of the faithful: for this one

is the best-healing of all remedies.

7. 'Sickness fled away [before it], Death fled away; the Daeva

fled away, the Daeva's counter-work fled away; the unholy

Ashemaogha fled away, the oppressor of men fled away.

8. 'The brood of the Snake fled away; the brood of the Wolf

fled away; the brood of the Two-legged fled away. Pride fled

away; Scorn fled away; Hot Fever fled away; Slander fled away;

Discord fled away; the Evil Eye fled away.

9. 'The most lying words of falsehood fled away; the Jahi,

addicted to the Yatu, fled away; the Jahi, who makes one pine,

fled away; the wind that blows from the North fled away; the

wind that blows from the North vanished away.

10. 'He it is who smites me that brood of the Snake, and who

might smite those Daevas by thousands of thousands, by ten

thousands of ten thousands; he smites sickness, he smites death,

he smites the Daevas, he smites the Daeva's counter-work, he

smites the unholy Ashemaogha, he smites the oppressor of men.

11. 'He smites the brood of the Snake; he smites the brood of

the Wolf; he smites the brood of the Two-legged. He smites

Pride; he smites Scorn; he smites Hot Fever; he smites Slander;

he smites Discord; he smites the Evil Eye.

12. 'He smites the most lying words of falsehood; he smites the

Jahi, addicted to the Yatu; he smites the Jahi, who makes one

pine. He smites the wind that blows from the North; the wind

that blows from the North vanished away.

13. 'He it is who smites me that brood of the Two-legged, and

who might smite those Daevas, by thousands of thousands, by ten

thousands of ten thousands. Angra Mainyu, who is all death, the

worst-lying of all Daevas, rushed from before him:

14. 'He exclaimed, did Angra Mainyu: "Woe is me! Here is the

god Asha-Vahishta, who will smite the sickliest of all

sicknesses, who will afflict the sickliest of all sicknesses;

'"He will smite the deadliest of all deaths, he will afflict

the deadliest of all deaths;

'"He will smite the most fiendish of all fiends, he will

afflict the most fiendish of all fiends;
'"He will smite the most counter-working of all

counter-works, he will afflict the most counter-working of all

counter-works;

'"He will smite the unholy Ashemaogha, he will afflict the

unholy Ashemaogha;

'"He will smite the most oppressive of the oppressors of

men, he will afflict most oppressive of the oppressors of men.

15. '"He will smite the snakiest of the Snake's brood, he will

afflict the snakiest of the Snake's brood;

'"He will smite the most wolfish of the Wolf's brood, he

will afflict the most wolfish of the Wolf's brood;

'"He will smite the worst of the two-legged brood, he will

afflict the worst of the two-legged brood;
'"He will smite Pride, he will afflict Pride;
'"He will smite Scorn, he will afflict Scorn;

'"He will smite the hottest of hot fevers, he will afflict

the hottest of hot fevers;

'"He will smite the most slanderous of slanders, he will

afflict the most slanderous of slanders;

'"He will smite the most discordant of discords, he will

afflict the most discordant of discords;

'"He will smite the worst of the Evil Eye, he will afflict

the worst of the Evil Eye.

16. '"He will smite the most lying words of falsehood, he will

afflict the most lying words of falsehood;

'"He will smite the Jahi, addicted to the Yatu, he will

afflict the Jahi, addicted to the Yatu;

'"He will smite the Jahi, who makes one pine, he will

afflict the Jahi, who makes one pine;

'"He will smite the wind that blows from the North, he will

afflict the wind that blows from the North."

17. 'The Druj will perish away, the Druj will perish; the Druj

will rush, the Druj will vanish. Thou perishest away to the

regions of the North, never more to give unto death the living

world of the holy spirit.

18. 'For his brightness and glory I will offer unto him a

sacrifice worth being heard, namely, unto Asha-Vahishta, the

fairest - the Amesha-Spenta. Unto Asha-Vahishta, the fairest, the

Amesha-Spenta, we offer up the libations, the Haoma and meat,

the baresma, the wisdom of the tongue, the holy spells, the

speech, the deeds, the libations, and the rightly-spoken words.

'Yenhe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda knows the

goodness....

19. 'Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of

holiness....

'I bless the sacrifice and prayer and the strength and

vigour of Asha-Vahishta, the fairest; of the much-desired

Airyaman, made by Mazda; and of the good Saoka, with eyes of

love, made by Mazda and holy.
'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

'[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, give him health

of body; .... give him the bright, all-happy, blissful abode of

the holy Ones.'
4. Awerdad Yasht
----------------
0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced! ....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of

Zarathushtra, one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of

Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto

[Havani], the holy and master of holiness....

Unto Haurvatat, the master; unto the prosperity of the

seasons and unto the years, the masters of holiness,

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and

glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of

holiness....

We sacrifice unto Haurvatat, the Amesha-Spenta; we sacrifice

unto the prosperity of the seasons; we sacrifice unto the years,

the holy and masters of holiness.

1. Ahura Mazda spake unto Spitama Zarathushtra, saying: 'I

created for the faithful the help, the enjoyments, the comforts,

and the pleasures of Haurvatat. We unite them with him who would

come up to thee as one of the Amesha-Spentas, as he would come to

any of the Amesha-Spentas, Vohu-Mano, Asha-Vahishta,

Khshathra-Vairya, Spenta-Armaiti, Haurvatat, and Ameretat.

2. 'He who against the thousands of thousands of those Daevas,

against their ten thousands of ten thousands, against their

numberless myriads would invoke the name of Haurvatat, as one of

the Amesha-Spentas, he would smite the Nasu, he would smite

Hashi, he would smite Bashi, he would smite Saeni, he would

smite Buji.

3. 'I proclaim the faithful man as the first [of men]; if I

proclaim the faithful man as the first [of men], then Rashnu

Razishta, then every heavenly Yazata of male nature in company

with the Amesha-Spentas will free the faithful man

4. 'From the Nasu, from Hashi, from Gashi, from Saeni, from

Buji; from the hordes with the wide front, from the hordes with

the many spears uplifted, from the evil man who oppresses, from

the willful sinner, from the oppressor of men, from the Yatu,

from the Pairika, from the straying way.

5. 'How does the way of the faithful turn and part from the way

of the wicked?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is when a man pronouncing my

spell, either reading or reciting it by heart, draws the furrows

and hides there himself, [saying]:

6. '"I will smite thee, O Druj! whomsoever thou art, whomsoever

thou art amongst the Drujes that come in an open way, whomsoever

thou art amongst the Drujes that come by hidden way, whomsoever

thou art amongst the Drujes that defile by contact; whatsoever

Druj thou art, I smite thee away from the Aryan countries;

whatsoever Druj thou art, I bind thee; I smite thee down, O Druj!

I throw thee down below, O Druj!"

7. 'He draws [then] three furrows: I proclaim him one of the

faithful; he draws six furrow: I proclaim him one of the

faithful; he draws nine furrows: I proclaim him one of the

faithful.

8. 'The names of those (Amesha-Spentas) smite the men turned to

Nasus by the Drujes: the seed and kin of the deaf are smitten,

the scornful are dead, as the Zaotar Zarathushtra blows them

away to woe, however fierce, at his will and wish, as many as he

wishes.

9. 'From the time when the sun is down he smites them with

bruising blows; from the time when the sun is no longer up, he

deals deadly blows on the Nasu with his club struck down, for the

propitiation and glorification of the heavenly gods.

10. 'O Zarathushtra! let not that spell be shown to any one,

except by the father to his son, or by the brother to his brother

from the same womb, or by the Athravan to his pupil in black

hair, devoted to the good law, who, devoted to the good law,

holy and brave, stills all the Drujes.

11. 'For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a

sacrifice worth being heard, namely, unto Haurvatat, the

Amesha-Spenta. Unto Haurvatat, the Amesha-Spenta, we offer up the

libations, the Haoma and meat, the baresma, the wisdom of the

tongue, the holy spells, the speech, the deeds, the libations,

and the rightly-spoken words.
12.

'Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of

holiness....

'I bless the sacrifice and prayer, and the strength and

vigour of Haurvatat, the master; of the prosperity of the seasons

and of the years, the masters of holiness.
'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

'[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, .... give him

the bright, all happy, blissful abode of the holy Ones.'

5. Ardui Sur Bano Yasht (Hymn to the Waters)
--------------------------------------------

Translated by James Darmesteter. (From Sacred Books of the

East, American Edition, 1898.)
0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness....

Unto the good Waters, made by Mazda; unto the holy water-spring

ARDVI ANAHITA; unto all waters, made by Mazda; unto all plants,

made by Mazda,

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

I.

1. Ahura Mazda spake unto Spitama Zarathushtra, saying: 'Offer

up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring of mine,

Ardvi Sura Anahita, the wide-expanding and health-giving, who

hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura, who is worthy of

sacrifice in the material world, worthy of prayer in the material

world; the life-increasing and holy, the herd-increasing and holy,

the fold-increasing and holy, the wealth-increasing and holy,

the country-increasing and holy;
2.

'Who makes the seed of all males pure, who makes the womb

of all females pure for bringing forth, who makes all females

bring forth in safety, who puts milk into the breasts of all females

in the right measure and the right quality;

3. 'The large river, known afar, that is as large as the whole

of the waters that run along the earth; that runs powerfully from

the height Hukairya down to the sea Vouru-Kasha.

4. 'All the shores of the sea Vouru-Kasha are boiling over, all

the middle of it is boiling over, when she runs down there, when

she streams down there, she, Ardvi Sura Anahita, who has a thousand

cells and a thousand channels: the extent of each of those cells,

of each of those channels is as much as a man can ride in forty

days, riding on a good horse.

5. 'From this river of mine alone flow all the waters that spread

all over the seven Karshvares; this river of mine alone goes on

bringing waters, both in summer and in winter. This river of mine

purifies the seed in males, the womb in females the milk in females'

breasts.

6. 'I, Ahura Mazda, brought it down with mighty vigor, for the

increase of the house, of the borough of the town, of the country,

to keep them, to maintain them, to look over them, to keep and

maintain them close.

7. 'Then Ardvi Sura Anahita, O Spitama Zarathushtra! proceeded

forth from the Maker Mazda. Beautiful were her white arms, thick

as a horse's shoulder or still thicker; beautiful was her ....,

and thus came she, strong, with thick arms, thinking thus in her

heart:

8. '"Who will praise me? Who will offer me a sacrifice,

with libations cleanly prepared and well-strained, together with

the Haoma and meat? To whom shall I cleave, who cleaves unto me,

and thinks with me, and bestows gifts upon me, and is of good

will unto me?"

9. 'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice

worth being heard; I will offer up unto the holy Ardvi Sura Anahita

a good sacrifice with an offering of libations;- thus mayest thou

advise us when thou art appealed to! Mayest thou be most fully

worshipped, O Ardvi Sura Anahita! with the Haoma and meat, with

the baresma, with the wisdom of the tongue, with the holy spells,

with the words with the deeds, with the libations, and with the

rightly-spoken words.

'Yenhe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....

II.

10. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita, the wide-expanding and health-giving,

who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura, who is worthy

of sacrifice in the material world, worthy of prayer in the material

world; the life-increasing and holy, the herd-increasing and holy,

the fold-increasing and holy, the wealth-increasing and holy,

the country-increasing and holy;

11. 'Who drives forwards on her chariot, holding the reins of

the chariot. She goes, driving, on this chariot, longing for men

and thinking thus in her heart: "Who will praise me? Who

will offer me a sacrifice, with libations cleanly prepared and

well-strained, together with the Haoma and meat? To whom shall

I cleave, who cleaves unto me, and thinks with me, and bestows

gifts unto me, and is of good will unto me?"

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice, worth

being heard....
III.

12. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

13. 'Whom four horses carry, all white, of one and the same color,

of the same blood, tall, crushing down the hates of all haters,

of the Daevas and men, of the Yatus and Pairikas, of the oppressors,

of the blind and of the deaf.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice ....

IV.

14. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

15. 'Strong and bright, tall and beautiful of form, who sends

down by day and by night a flow of motherly waters as large as

the whole of the waters that run along the earth, and who runs

powerfully.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

V.

16. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

17. 'To her did the Maker Ahura Mazda offer up a sacrifice to

the Airyana Vaejah, by the good river Daitya; with the Haoma and

meat, with the baresma, with the wisdom of the tongue, with the

holy spells, with the words, with the deeds, with the libations,

and with the rightly-spoken words.

18. He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may bring the son of

Pourushaspa, the holy Zarathushtra, to think after my law, to

speak after my law, to do after my law!"

19. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and begging that she would

grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

VI.

20. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

21. 'To her did Haoshyangha, the Paradhata, offer up a sacrifice

on the enclosure of the Hara, with a hundred male horses, a thousand

oxen, and ten thousand lambs.

22. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita, that I may become the sovereign

lord of all countries, of the Daevas and men, of the Yatus and

Pairikas, of the oppressors, the blind and the deaf; and that

I may smite down two thirds of the Daevas of Mazana and of the

fiends of Varena."

23. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

VII.

24. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

25. 'To her did Yima Khshaeta, the good shepherd, offer up a sacrifice

from the height Hukairya, with a hundred male horses, a thousand

oxen, ten thousand lambs.

26. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may become the sovereign

lord of all countries, of the Daevas and men, of the Yatus and

Pairikas, of the oppressors, the blind and the deaf; and that

I may take from the Daevas both riches and welfare, both fatness

and flocks, both weal and Glory."

27. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

VIII.

28. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

29. 'To her did Azi Dahaka, the three-mouthed, offer up a sacrifice

in the land of Bawri, with a hundred male horses, a thousand oxen,

and ten thousand lambs.

30. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this boon,

O good, most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may make all

the seven Karshvares of the earth empty of men."

31. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita did not grant him that boon, although

he was offering libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating

her that she would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

IX.

32. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto Ardvi

Sura Anahita....

33. 'To her did Thraetaona, the heir of the valiant Athwya clan,

offer up a sacrifice in the four-cornered Varena, with a hundred

male horses, a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs.

34. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may overcome Azi Dahaka,

the three-mouthed, the three-headed, the six-eyed, who has a thousand

senses, that most powerful, fiendish Druj, that demon, baleful

to the world, the strongest Druj that Angra Mainyu created against

the material world, to destroy the world of the good principle;

and that I may deliver his two wives, Savanghavach and Erenavach,

who are the fairest of body amongst women, and the most wonderful

creatures in the world."

35. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

X.

36. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto Ardvi

Sura Anahita....

37. 'To her did Keresaspa, the manly-hearted, offer up a sacrifice

behind the Vairi Pisanah, with a hundred male horses, a thousand

oxen, ten thousand lambs.

38. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may overcome the golden-heeled

Gandarewa, though all the shores of the sea Vouru-Kasha are boiling

over; and that I may run up to the stronghold of the fiend on

the wide, round earth, whose ends lie afar."

39. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XI.

40. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sara Anahita....

41. 'To her did the Turanian murderer, Frangrasyan, offer up a

sacrifice in his cave under the earth, with a hundred male horses,

a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs.

42. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may seize hold of that

Glory, that is waving in the middle of the sea Vouru-Kasha and

that belongs to the Aryan people, to those born and to those not

yet born, and to the holy Zarathushtra."

43. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita did not grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

II.

44. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

45. 'To her did the great, most wise Kavi Usa offer up a sacrifice

from Mount Erezifya, with a hundred male horses, a thousand oxen,

ten thousand lambs.

46. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me, this, O

good, most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may become the

sovereign lord of all countries, of the Daevas and men, of the

Yatus and Pairikas, of the oppressors, the blind and the deaf."

47. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XIII.

48. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

49. 'To her did the gallant Husravah, he who united the Aryan

nations into one kingdom, offer up a sacrifice behind the Chaechasta

lake, the deep lake, of salt waters, with a hundred male horses,

a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs.

50. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may become the sovereign

lord of all countries, of Daevas and men, of the Yatus and Pairikas,

of the oppressors, the blind and the deaf; and that I may have

the lead in front of all the teams and that he may not pass through

the forest , he, the murderer, who now is fiercely striving against

me on horseback."

51. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XIV.

52. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

53. 'To her did the valiant warrior Tusa offer worship on the

back of his horse, begging swiftness for his teams, health for

his own body, and that he might watch with full success those

who hated him, smite down his foes, and destroy at one stroke

his adversaries, his enemies, and those who hated him.

54. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may overcome the gallant

sons of Vaesaka, by the castle Khshathro-saoka, that stands high

up on the lofty, holy Kangha; that I may smite of the Turanian

people their fifties and their hundreds, their hundreds and their

thousands, their thousands and their tens of thousands, their

tens of thousands and their myriads of myriads."

55. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XV.

56. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

57. 'To her did the gallant sons of Vaesaka offer up a sacrifice

in the castle Khshathro-saoka, that stands high up on the lofty,

holy Kangha, with a hundred male horses, a thousand oxen, ten

thousand lambs.

58. 'They begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant us this, O

good, most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that we may overcome

the valiant warrior Tusa, and that we may smite of the Aryan people

their fifties and their hundreds, their hundreds and their thousands,

their thousands and their tens of thousands, their tens of thousands

and their myriads of myriads."

59. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita did not grant them that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XVI.

60. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

61. 'The old Vafra Navaza worshipped her when the strong fiend-smiter,

Thraetaona, flung him up in the air in the shape of a bird, of

a vulture.

62. 'He went on flying, for three days and three nights, towards

his own house; but he could not, he could not turn down. At the

end of the third night, when the beneficent dawn came dawning

up, then he prayed unto Ardvi Sura Anahita, saying:

63. '"Ardvi Sura Anahita! do thou quickly hasten helpfully

and bring me assistance at once. I will offer thee a thousand

libations, cleanly prepared and well strained, along with Haomas

and meat, by the brink of the river Rangha, if I reach alive the

earth made by Ahura and my own house."

64. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita hastened unto him in the shape of a maid,

fair of body, most strong, tall-formed, high-girdled, pure, nobly

born of a glorious race, wearing shoes up to the ankle wearing

a golden...., and radiant.

65. 'She seized him by the arm: quickly was it done, nor was it

long till, speeding, he arrived at the earth made by Mazda and

at his own house, safe, unhurt, unwounded, just as he was before.

[66. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, entreating that she would

grant him that boon.]

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XVII.

67. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

68. 'To her did Jamaspa offer up a sacrifice, with a hundred horses,

a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs, when he saw the army of the

wicked, of the worshippers of the Daevas, coming from afar in

battle array.

69. 'He asked of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may be as constantly

victorious as any one of all the Aryans."

70. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XVIII.

71. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

72. 'To her did Ashavazdah, the son of Pouru-dhakhshti, and Ashavazdah

and Thrita, the sons of Sayuzhdri, offer up a sacrifice, with

a hundred horses, a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs, by Apam

Napat, the tall lord, the lord of the females, the bright and

swift-horsed.

73. 'They begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant us this, O

good, most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that we may overcome

the assemblers of the Turanian Danus, Kara Asabana, and Vara Asabana,

and the most mighty Duraekaeta, in the battles of this world.

74. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted them that boon, as they were offering

up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant them that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, l will offer her a sacrifice....

XIX.

75. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

76. 'Vistauru, the son of Naotara, worshipped her by the brink

of the river Vitanghuhaiti, with well-spoken words, speaking thus:

77. '"This is true, this is truly spoken, that I have smitten

as many of the worshippers of the Daevas as the hairs I bear on

my head. Do thou then, O Ardvi Sura Anahita! leave me a dry passage,

to pass over the good Vitanghuhaiti."

78. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita hastened unto him in the shape of a maid,

fair of body, most strong, tall-formed, high-girded, pure, nobly

born of a glorious race, wearing shoes up to the ankle, with all

sorts of ornaments and radiant. A part of the waters she made

stand still, a part of the waters she made flow forward, and she

left him a dry passage to pass over the good Vitanghuhaiti.

[79. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.]

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XX.

80. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

81. 'To her did Yoishta, one of the Fryanas, offer up a sacrifice

with a hundred horses, a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs on

the Pedvaepa of the Rangha.

82. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may overcome the evil-doing

Akhtya, the offspring of darkness, and that I may answer the ninety-nine

hard riddles that he asks me maliciously, the evil-doing Akhtya,

the offspring of darkness."

83. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXI.

84. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

85. 'Whom Ahura Mazda the merciful ordered thus, saying: "Come,

O Ardvi Sura Anahita, come from those stars down to the earth

made by Ahura, that the great lords may worship thee, the masters

of the countries, and their sons.

86. '"The men of strength will beg of thee swift horses and

supremacy of Glory.

'"The Athravans who read and the pupils of the Athravans

will beg of thee knowledge and prosperity, the Victory made by

Ahura, and the crushing Ascendant.

87. '"The maids of barren womb, longing for a lord, will

beg of thee a strong husband;

'"Women, on the point of bringing forth, will beg of thee

a good delivery.

'"All this wilt thou grant unto them, as it lies in thy power,

O Ardvi Sura Anahita!"

88. 'Then Ardvi Sura Anahita came forth, O Zarathushtra! down

from those stars to the earth made by Mazda; and Ardvi Sura Anahita

spake thus:

89. '"O pure, holy Zarathushtra! Ahura Mazda has established

thee as the master of the material world: Ahura Mazda has established

me to keep the whole of the holy creation.

'"Through my brightness and glory flocks and herds and two-legged

men go on, upon the earth: I, forsooth, keep all good things,

made by Mazda, the offspring of the holy principle, just as a

shepherd keeps his flock."

90. 'Zarathushtra asked Ardvi Sura Anahita: "O Ardvi Sura

Anahita! With what manner of sacrifice shall I worship thee? With

what manner of sacrifice shall I worship and forward thee? So

that Mazda may make thee run down (to the earth), that he may

not make thee run up into the heavens, above the sun; and that

the Serpent may not injure thee with...., with...., with....,

and.... poisons."

91. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita answered: "O pure, holy Spitama!

this is the sacrifice wherewith thou shalt worship me, this is

the sacrifice wherewith thou shalt worship and forward me, from

the time when the sun is rising to the time when the sun is setting.

'"Of this libation of mine thou shalt drink, thou who art

an Athravan, who hast asked and learnt the revealed law, who art

wise, clever, and the Word incarnate.

92. '"Of this libation of mine let no foe drink, no man fever-sick,

no liar, no coward, no jealous one, no woman, no faithful one

who does not sing the Gathas, no leper to be confined.

93. '"I do not accept those libations that are drunk in my

honor by the blind, by the deaf, by the wicked, by the destroyers,

by the niggards, by the...., nor any of those stamped with those

characters which have no strength for the holy Word.

'"Let no one drink of these my libations who is hump-backed

or bulged forward; no fiend with decayed teeth."

94. 'Then Zarathushtra asked Ardvi Sura Anahita: "O Ardvi

Sura Anahita! What becomes of those libations which the wicked

worshippers of the Daevas bring unto thee after the sun has set?"

95. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita answered: "O pure, holy Spitama Zarathushtra!

howling, clapping, hopping, and shouting, six hundred and a thousand

Daevas, who ought not to receive that sacrifice, receive those

libations that men bring unto me after [the sun has set]."

96. 'I will worship the height Hukairya, of the deep precipices,

made of gold, wherefrom this mine Ardvi Sura Anahita leaps, from

a hundred times the height of a man, while she is possessed of

as much Glory as the whole of the waters that run along the earth,

and she runs powerfully.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXII.

97. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

98. 'Before whom the worshippers of Mazda stand with baresma in

their hands: the Hvovas did worship her, the Naotaras did worship

her; the Hvovas asked for riches, the Naotaras asked for swift

horses. Quickly was Hvova blessed with riches an full prosperity;

quickly became Vishtaspa, the Naotaride, the lord of the swiftest

horses in these countries.

99. ['Ardvi Sura Anahita granted them that boon, as they were

offering up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating

that she would grant them that boon.]

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXIII.

100. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

101. 'Who has a thousand cells and a thousand channels: the extent

of each of those cells, of each of those channels, is as much

as a man can ride in forty days, riding on a good horse. In each

channel there stands a palace, well-founded, shining with a hundred

windows, with a thousand columns, well-built, with ten thousand

balconies, and mighty.

102. 'In each of those palaces there lies a well-laid, well-scented

bed, covered with pillows, and Ardvi Sura Anahita, O Zarathushtra!

runs down there from a thousand times the height of a man, and

she is possessed of as much Glory as the whole of the waters that

run along the earth, and she runs powerfully.
XXIV.

103. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

104. 'Unto her did the holy Zarathushtra offer up a sacrifice in

the Airyana Vaejah, by the good river Daitya; with the Haoma and

meat, with the baresma, with the wisdom of the tongue, with the

holy spells, with the speech, with the deeds, with the libations,

and with the rightly-spoken words.

105. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may bring the son of

Aurvat-aspa, the valiant Kavi Vistaspa, to think according to

the law, to speak according to the law, to do according to the

law."

106. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was

offering up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating

that she would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXV.

107. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

108. 'Unto her did the tall Kavi Vishtaspa offer up a sacrifice

behind Lake Frazdanava, with a hundred male horses, a thousand

oxen, ten thousand lambs.

109. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may overcome Tathravant,

of the bad law, and Peshana, the worshipper of the Daevas and

the wicked Arejat-aspa, in the battles of this world!"

110. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was offering

up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she

would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXVI.

111. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

112. 'Unto her did Zairi-vairi, who fought on horseback, offer

up a sacrifice behind the river Daitya, with a hundred male horses,

a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs.

113. 'He begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant me this, O good,

most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that I may overcome Pesho-Changha

the corpse-burier, Humayaka the worshipper of the Daevas, and

the wicked Arejat-aspa, in the battles of this world.

114. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita granted him that boon, as he was

offering up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating

that she would grant him that boon.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXVII.

115. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

116. 'Unto her did Arejat-aspa and Vandaremaini offer up a sacrifice

by the sea Vouru-Kasha, with a hundred male horses, a thousand

oxen, ten thousand lambs.

117. 'They begged of her a boon, saying: "Grant us this, O

good, most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! that we may conquer

the valiant Kavi Vishtaspa and Zairivairi who fights on horseback,

and that we may smite of the Aryan people their fifties and their

hundreds, their hundreds and their thousands, their thousands

and their tens of thousands, their tens of thousands and their

myriads of myriads."

118. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita did not grant them that favor, though

they were offering up libations, giving gifts, sacrificing, and

entreating that she should grant them that favor.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXVIII.

119. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

120. 'For whom Ahura Mazda has made four horses -- the wind,

the rain, the cloud, and the sleet -- and thus ever a upon the

earth it is raining, snowing, hailing, and sleeting; and whose

armies are so many and numbered by nine-hundreds and thousands.

121. 'I will worship the height Hukairya, of the deep precipices,

made of gold, wherefrom this mine Ardvi Sura Anahita leaps, from

a hundred times the height of a man, while she is possessed of

as much Glory as the whole of the waters that run along the earth,

and she runs powerfully.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXIX.

122. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

123. 'She stands, the good Ardvi Sura Anahita, wearing a golden

mantle, waiting for a man who shall offer her libations and prayers,

and thinking thus in her heart:

124. "'Who will praise me? Who will offer me a sacrifice,

with libations cleanly prepared and well-strained, together with

the Haoma and meat? To whom shall I cleave, who cleaves unto me,

and thinks with me, and bestows gifts upon, me, and is of good

will unto me?"

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

XXX.

125. 'Offer up a sacrifice, O Spitama Zarathushtra! unto this spring

of mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita....

126. 'Ardvi Sura Anahita, who stands carried forth in the shape

of a maid, fair of body, most strong, tall-formed, high-girded,

pure, nobly born of a glorious race, wearing along her.... a mantle

fully embroidered with gold;

127. 'Ever holding the baresma in her hand, according to the rules,

she wears square golden earrings on her ears bored, and a golden

necklace around her beautiful neck, she, the nobly born Ardvi

Sura Anahita; and she girded her waist tightly, so that her breasts

may be well-shaped, that they may be tightly pressed.

128. 'Upon her head Ardvi Sura Anahita bound a golden crown, with

a hundred stars, with eight rays, a fine ...., a well-made crown,

in the shape of a ...., with fillets streaming down.

129. 'She is clothed with garments of beaver, Ardvi Sura Anahita;

with the skin of thirty beavers of those that bear four young

ones, that are the finest kind of beavers; for the skin of the

beaver that lives in water is the finest-colored of all skins,

and when worked at the right time it shines to the eye with full

sheen of silver and gold.

130. 'Here, O good, most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! I beg of

thee this favor: that I, fully blessed, may conquer large kingdoms,

rich in horses, with high tributes, with snorting horses, sounding

chariots, flashing swords, rich in aliments, with stores of food,

with well-scented beds; that I may have at my wish the fullness

of the good things of life and whatever makes a kingdom thrive.

131. 'Here, O good, most beneficent Ardvi Sura Anahita! I beg of

thee two gallant companions, one two-legged and one four-legged:

one two-legged, who is swift, quickly rushing, and clever in turning

a chariot round in battle; and one four-legged, who can quickly

turn towards either wing of the host with a wide front, towards

the right wing or the left, towards the left wing or the right.

132. 'Through the strength of this sacrifice, of this invocation,

O Ardvi Sura Anahita! come down from those stars, towards the

earth made by Ahura, towards the sacrificing priest, towards the

full boiling [milk]; come to help him who is offering up libations

giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that thou wouldst grant

him thy favors; that all those gallant warriors may be strong,

like king Vishtaspa.

'For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice....

133. 'Yatha ahu vairya: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

'I bless the sacrifice and prayer, and the strength and vigor

of the holy water-spring Anahita.
'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

'[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, .... give him the

bright, all-happy, blissful abode of the holy Ones!'

6. Khwarshed Yasht (Hymn to the Sun)
------------------------------------
0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness....
Unto the undying, shining, swift-horsed Sun;

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

1. We sacrifice unto the undying, shining, swift-horsed Sun.

When the light of the sun waxes warmer, when the brightness of

the sun waxes warmer, then up stand the heavenly Yazatas, by hundreds

and thousands: they gather together its Glory, they make its Glory

pass down, they pour its Glory upon the earth made by Ahura, for

the increase of the world of holiness, for the increase of the

creatures of holiness, for the increase of the undying, shining,

swift-horsed Sun.

2. And when the sun rises up, then the earth, made by Ahura,

becomes clean; the running waters become clean, the waters of

the wells become clean, the waters of the sea become clean, the

standing waters become clean; all the holy creatures, the creatures

of the Good Spirit, become clean.

3. Should not the sun rise up, then the Daevas would destroy

all the things that are in the seven Karshvares, nor would the

heavenly Yazatas find any way of withstanding or repelling them

in the material world.

4. He who offers up a sacrifice unto the undying, shining, swift-horsed

Sun - to withstand darkness, to withstand the Daevas born of darkness,

to withstand the robbers and bandits, to withstand the Yatus and

Pairikas, to withstand death that creeps in unseen - offers it

up to Ahura Mazda, offers it up to the Amesha-Spentas, offers

it up to his own soul. He rejoices all the heavenly and worldly

Yazatas, who offers up a sacrifice unto the undying, shining,

swift-horsed Sun.

5. I will sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, who

has a thousand ears, ten thousand eyes.

I will sacrifice unto the club of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

well struck down upon the skulls of the Daevas.

I will sacrifice unto that friendship, the best of all friendships,

that reigns between the moon and the sun.

6. For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard, namely, unto the undying, shining, swift-horsed

Sun. Unto the undying, shining, swift-horsed Sun we offer up the

libations, the Haoma and meat, the baresma, the wisdom of the

tongue, the holy spells, the speech, the deeds, the libations,

and the rightly-spoken words.

Yenghe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....

7. Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

I bless the sacrifice and the invocation, and the strength and

vigour of the undying, shining, swift-horsed Sun.
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

Give unto that man brightness and glory, give him health of body,

.... give him the bright, all-happy, blissful abode of the holy

Ones.
7. Mah Yasht (Hymn to the Moon)
-------------------------------
0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice,prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness....

Unto the Moon that keeps in it the seed of the Bull; unto the

only-created Bull and unto the Bull of many species;

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

1. Hail to Ahura Mazda! Hail to the Amesha-Spentas! Hail to the

Moon that keeps in it the seed of the Bull! Hail to thee when

we look at thee! Hail to thee when thou lookest at us!

2. How does the moon wax? How does the moon wane?

For fifteen days does the moon wax; for fifteen days does the

moon wane. As long as her waxing, so long is the waning; as long

as her waning, so long is the waxing.

'Who is there but thee who makes the moon wax and wane?'

3. We sacrifice unto the Moon that keeps in it the seed of the

Bull, the holy and master of holiness.

Here I look at the moon, here I perceive the moon; here I look

at the light of the moon, here I perceive the light of the moon.

The Amesha-Spentas stand up holding its glory; the Amesha-Spentas

stand up, pouring its glory upon the earth, made by Mazda.

4. And when the light of the moon waxes warmer, golden-hued plants

grow on from the earth during the spring.

We sacrifice unto the new moons, the full moons, and the Vishaptathas.

We sacrifice unto the new moon, the holy and master of holiness;

We sacrifice unto the full moon, the holy and master of holiness;

We sacrifice unto the Vishaptatha, the holy and master of holiness.

5. I will sacrifice unto the Moon, that keeps in it the seed

of the Bull, the liberal, bright, glorious, water-giving, warmth-giving,

wisdom-giving, wealth-giving, riches-giving, thoughtfulness-giving,

weal-giving, freshness-giving, prosperity-giving, the liberal,

the healing.

6. For its brightness and glory, I will offer unto it a sacrifice

worth being heard, namely, unto the Moon that keeps in it the

seed of the Bull.

Unto the Moon that keeps in it the seed of the Bull, we offer

up the libations, the Haoma and meat, the baresma, the wisdom

of the tongue, the holy spells, the speech, the deeds, the libations,

and the rightly-spoken words.

Yenghe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....

7. Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

I bless the sacrifice and prayer, and the strength and vigour

of the Moon, that keeps in it the seed of the Bull, and of the

only-created Bull, and of the Bull of many species.

Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good.

Give unto that man brightness and glory, give him health of body,

.... give him the bright, all-happy, blissful abode of the holy

Ones.
8. Tishtar Yasht (Hymn to the Star Sirius)
------------------------------------------

(Tishtrya is the angel (Yazad) of the star Sirius. Tishtrya also

presides over the fourth month and the thirteenth day of each month.

Sirius also directs the rain.)
0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness....

Unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star, and unto the powerful

Satavaesa, made by Mazda, who pushes waters forward,

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

[[1]]

1. Ahura Mazda spake unto Spitama Zarathushtra, saying: 'We worship

the lordship and mastership [of Tishtrya], whereby he protects

the Moon, the dwelling, the food, when my glorious stars come

along and impart their gifts to men. I will sacrifice unto the

star Tishtrya, that gives the fields their share [of waters].

2. 'We offer up libations unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious

star, that gives happy dwelling and good dwelling; the white,

shining, seen afar, and piercing; the health-bringing, loud-snorting,

and high, piercing from afar with its shining, undefiled rays;

and unto the waters of the wide sea, the Vanguhi of wide renown,

and the species of the Bull, made by Mazda, the awful kingly Glory,

and the Fravashi of the holy Spitama Zarathushtra.

3. 'For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard, namely, unto the star Tishtrya.

'Unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star, we offer up the

libations, the Haoma and meat, the baresma, the wisdom of the

tongue, the holy spells, the speech, the deeds, the libations,

and the rightly-spoken words.

'Yenhe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....

[[2]]

4. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

who is the seed of the waters, powerful, tall, and strong, whose

light goes afar; powerful and highly working, through whom the

brightness and the seed of the waters come from the high Apam

Napat.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[3]]

5. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star;

for whom long flocks and herds and men, looking forward for him

and deceived in their hope: "When shall we see him rise up,

the bright and glorious star Tishtrya? When will the springs run

with waves as thick as a horse's size and still thicker? Or will

they never come?"

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[4]]

6. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star;

who flies, towards the sea Vouru-Kasha, as swiftly as the arrow

darted through the heavenly space, which Erekhsha, the swift archer,

the Arya amongst the Aryas whose arrow was the swiftest, shot

from Mount Khshaotha to Mount Hvanvant.

7. 'For Ahura Mazda gave him assistance; so did the waters and

the plants; and Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, opened a wide

way unto him.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[5]]

8. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

that afflicts the Pairikas, that vexes the Pairikas, who, in the

shape of worm-stars, fly between the earth and the heavens, in

the sea Vouru-Kasha, the powerful sea, the large-sized, deep sea

of salt waters. He goes to its lake in the shape of a horse, in

a holy shape; and down there he makes the waters boil over, and

the winds flow above powerfully all around.

9. 'Then Satavaesa makes those waters flow down to the seven

Karshvares of the earth, and when he has arrived down there, he

stands, beautiful, spreading ease and joy on the fertile countries

(thinking in himself): "How shall the countries of the Aryas

grow fertile?"

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[6]]

10. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

who spoke unto Ahura Mazda, saying: "Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One!

11. '"If men would worship me with a sacrifice in which I

were invoked by my own name, as they worship the other Yazatas

with sacrifices in which they are invoked by their own names,

then I should have come to the faithful at the appointed time;

I should have come in the appointed time of my beautiful, immortal

life, should it be one night, or two nights, or fifty, or a hundred

nights."
12. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya;
'We sacrifice unto the rains of Tishtrya.

'We sacrifice unto the first star; we sacrifice unto the rains

of the first star.

'I will sacrifice unto the stars Haptoiringa, to oppose the Yatus

and Pairikas.

'We sacrifice unto Vanant, the star made by Mazda; for the well-shapen

strength, for the Victory, made by Ahura, for the crushing Ascendant,

for the destruction of what distresses us, for the destruction

of what persecutes us.

'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, whose eye-sight is sound.

13. 'For ten nights, O Spitama Zarathushtra! Tishtrya, the bright

and glorious star, mingles his shape with light, moving in the

shape of a man of fifteen years of age, bright, with clear eyes,

tall, full of strength, strong, and clever.

14. 'He is active as the first man was; he goes on with the strength

of the first man; he has the virility of the first man.

15. 'Here he calls for people to assemble, here he asks, saying:

"Who now will offer me the libations with the Haoma and the

holy meat? To whom shall I give wealth of male children, a troop

of male children, and the purification of his own soul? Now I

ought to receive sacrifice and prayer in the material world, by

the law of excellent holiness."

16. 'The next ten nights, O Spitama Zarathushtra! the bright and

glorious Tishtrya mingles his shape with light, moving in the

shape of a golden-horned bull.

17. 'Here he calls for people to assemble, here he asks, saying:

"Who now will offer me the libations with the Haoma and the

holy meat? To whom shall I give wealth of oxen, a herd of oxen,

and the purification of his own soul? Now I ought to receive sacrifice

and prayer in the material world, by the law of excellent holiness."

18. 'The next ten nights, O Spitama Zarathushtra! the bright and

glorious Tishtrya mingles his shape with light, moving in the

shape of a white, beautiful horse, with golden ears and a golden

caparison.

19. 'Here he calls for people to assemble, here he asks, saying:

"Who now will offer me the libations with the Haoma and the

holy meat? To whom shall I give wealth of horses, a troop of horses,

and the purification of his own soul? Now I ought to receive sacrifice

and prayer in the material world, by the law of excellent holiness."

20. 'Then, O Spitama Zarathushtra! the bright and glorious Tishtrya

goes down to the sea Vouru-Kasha in the shape of a white, beautiful

horse, with golden ears and a golden caparison.

21. 'But there rushes down to meet him the Daeva Apaosha, in the

shape of a dark horse, black with black ears, black with a black

back, black with a black tail, stamped with brands of terror.

22. 'They meet together, hoof against hoof, O Spitama Zarathushtra!

the bright and glorious Tishtrya and the Daeva Apaosha. They fight

together, O Spitama Zarathushtra! for three days and three nights.

And then the Daeva Apaosha proves stronger than the bright and

glorious Tishtrya, he overcomes him.

23. 'And Tishtrya flees from the sea Vouru-Kasha, as far as a

Hathra's length. He cries out in woe and distress, the bright

and glorious Tishtrya: "Woe is me, O Ahura Mazda! I am in

distress, O Waters and Plants! O Fate and thou, Law of the worshippers

of Mazda! Men do not worship me with a sacrifice in which I am

invoked by my own name, as they worship the other Yazatas with

sacrifices in which they are invoked by their own names.

24. '"If men had worshipped me with a sacrifice in which

I had been invoked by my own name, as they worship the other Yazatas

with sacrifices in which they are invoked by their own names,

I should have taken to me the strength of ten horses, the strength

of ten camels, the strength of ten bulls, the strength of ten

mountains, the strength of ten rivers."

25. 'Then I, Ahura Mazda, offer up to the bright and glorious

Tishtrya a sacrifice in which he is invoked by his own name, and

I bring him the strength of ten horses, the strength of ten camels,

the strength of ten bulls, the strength of ten mountains, the

strength of ten rivers.

26. 'Then, O Spitama Zarathushtra! the bright and glorious Tishtrya

goes down to the sea Vouru-Kasha in the shape of a white, beautiful

horse, with golden ears and golden caparison.

27. 'But there rushes down to meet him the Daeva Apaosha in the

shape of a dark horse, black with black ears, black with a black

back, black with a black tail, stamped with brands of terror.

28. 'They meet together, hoof against hoof, O Spitama Zarathushtra!

the bright and glorious Tishtrya, and the Daeva Apaosha; they

fight together, O Zarathushtra! till the time of noon. Then the

bright and glorious Tishtrya proves stronger than the Daeva Apaosha,

he overcomes him.

29. 'Then he goes from the sea Vouru-Kasha as far as a Hathra's

length: "Hail!" cries the bright and glorious Tishtrya.

"Hail unto me, O Ahura Mazda! Hail unto you, O waters and

plants! Hail, O Law of the worshippers of Mazda! Hail will it

be unto you, O lands! The life of the waters will flow down unrestrained

to the big-seeded corn fields, to the small-seeded pasture-fields,

and to the whole of the material world!"

30. Then the bright and glorious Tishtrya goes back down to the

sea Vouru-Kasha, in the shape of a white, beautiful horse, with

golden ears and a golden caparison.

31. 'He makes the sea boil up and down; he makes the sea stream

this and that way; he makes the sea flow this and that way: all

the shores of the sea Vouru-Kasha are boiling over, all the middle

of it is boiling over.

32. 'And the bright and glorious Tishtrya rises up from the sea

Vouru-Kasha, O Spitama Zarathushtra! the bright and glorious Satavaesa

rises up from the sea Vouru-Kasha; and vapours rise up above Mount

Us-hindu, that stands in the middle of the sea Vouru-Kasha.

33. 'Then the vapours push forward, in the regular shape of clouds;

they go following the wind, along the ways which Haoma traverses,

the increaser of the world. Behind him travels the mighty wind,

made by Mazda, and the rain, and the cloud, and the sleet, down

to the several places, down to the fields, down to the seven Karshvares

of the earth.

34. 'Apam Napat, O Spitama Zarathushtra! divides the waters amongst

the countries in the material world, in company with the mighty

wind, the Glory, made by the waters, and the Fravashis of the

faithful.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[7]]

35. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

who from the shining east, moves along his long winding course,

along the path made by the gods, along the way appointed for him

the watery way, at the will of Ahura Mazda, at the will of the

Amesha-Spentas.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[8]]

36. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

whose rising is watched by men who live on the fruits of the year,

by the chiefs of deep understanding; by the wild beasts in the

mountains, by the tame beasts that run in the plains; they watch

him, as he comes up to the country for a bad year, or for a good

year, (thinking in themselves): "How shall the Aryan countries

be fertile?"

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[9]]

37. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

swift-flying and swift-moving, who flies towards the sea Vouru-Kasha,

as swiftly as the arrow darted through the heavenly space, which

Erekhsha, the swift archer, the Arya amongst the Aryas whose arrow

was the swiftest, shot from Mount Khshaotha to Mount Hvanvant.

38. 'Ahura Mazda gave him assistance, and the Amesha-Spentas and

Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, pointed him the way: behind

him went the tall Ashish Vanguhi and Parendi on her light chariot:

always till, in his course, he reached Mount Hvanvant on the shining

waters.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[10]]

39. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

who afflicts the Pairikas, who destroys the Pairikas, that Angra

Mainyus flung to stop all the stars that have in them the seed

of the waters.

40. 'Tishtrya afflicts them, he blows them away from the sea Vouru-Kasha;

then the wind blows the clouds forward, bearing the waters of

fertility, so that the friendly showers spread wide over, they

spread helpingly and friendly over the seven Karshvares.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[10]]

41. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

for whom long the standing waters, and the running spring-waters,

the stream-waters, and the rain-waters:

42. '"When will the bright and glorious Tishtrya rise up

for us? When will the springs with a flow and overflow of waters,

thick as a horse's shoulder, run to the beautiful places and fields,

and to the pastures, even to the roots of the plants, that they

may grow with a powerful growth?"

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[10]]

43. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

who washes away all things of fear, who stunts the growth of all

...., and brings health to all these creations, being most beneficent,

when he has been worshipped with a sacrifice and propitiated,

rejoiced, and satisfied.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[10]]

44. 'I will sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

whom Ahura Mazda has established as a lord and overseer above

all stars, in the same way as he has established Zarathushtra

above men; whom neither Angra Mainyu, nor the Yatus and the Pairikas,

nor the men Yatus can deliver unto death, nor can all the Daevas

together prevail for his death.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[10]]

45. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

to whom Ahura Mazda has given a thousand senses, and who is the

most beneficent amongst the stars that have in them the seed of

the waters:

46. 'Who moves in light with the stars that have in them the seed

of the waters: he, from the sea Vouru-Kasha, the powerful sea,

the large-sized, deep, and salt of waters, goes to all the lakes,

and to all the beautiful caves, and to all the beautiful channels,

in the shape of a white, beautiful horse, with golden ears and

a golden caparison.

47. 'Then, O Spitama Zarathushtra! the waters flow down from the

sea Vouru-Kasha, mother-like, friendly, and healing: he divides

them amongst these countries, being most beneficent, when he has

been worshipped with a sacrifice and propitiated rejoiced, and

satisfied. 'For his brigbtness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[10]]

48. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

for whom long all the creatures of Spenta-Mainyu, those that live

under the ground, and those that live above the ground; those

that live in the waters, and those that live on dry land; those

that fly, and those that run in the plains; and all those that

live within this boundless and endless world of the holy Spirit.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[10]]

49. 'We sacrifice unto Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star,

the healthful, wise, happy, and powerful, who is the lord of a

thousand boons, and grants many boons to that man who has pleased

him, whether begging or not begging for them.

50. 'I, O Spitama Zarathushtra! have created that star Tishtrya

as worthy of sacrifice, as worthy of prayer, as worthy of progitiation,

as worthy of glorification as myself, Ahura Mazda;

51. 'In order to withstand, to break asunder, to afflict, to drive

back the malice of that Pairika Duzyairya, whom evil-speaking

people call Huyairya.

52. 'Had I not created that star Tishtrya as worthy of sacrifice,

as worthy of prayer, as worthy of propitiation, as worthy of glorification

as myself, Ahura Mazda;

53. 'In order to withstand, to break asunder, to afflict, to drive

back the malice of that Pairika Duzyairya, whom evil-speaking

people call Huyairya;

54. 'Then all day long, all night long, that Pairika Duzyairya

would wage war against this material world of mine, wanting to

extinguish its life, and she goes on, rushing upon and around

it.

55. 'But the bright and glorious Tishtrya keeps that Pairika in

bonds, with twofold bonds, with threefold bonds, that cannot be

overcome, with bonds all over the body: it is as if there were

a thousand men keeping one man in bonds, a thousand men of those

who are the strongest in strength.

56. 'If the Aryan countries, O Spitama Zarathushtra! would perform

in honour of the bright and glorious Tishtrya the due sacrifice

and invocation, just as that sacrifice and invocation ought to

be performed in the perfection of holiness; never should a hostile

horde enter these Aryan countries, nor any plague, nor leprosy,

nor venomous plants, nor the chariot of a foe, nor the uplifted

spear of a foe.'

57. Zarathushtra asked: 'What is then, O Ahura Mazda! the sacrifice

and invocation in honour of the bright and glorious Tishtrya,

as it ought to be performed in the perfection of holiness?'

58. Ahura Mazda answered: 'Let the Aryan nations bring libations

unto him; let the Aryan nations tie bundles of baresma for him;

let the Aryan nations cook for him a head of cattle, either white,

or black, or of any other colour, but all of one and the same

colour.

59. 'Let not a murderer take of these offerings, nor a whore,

nor a .... who does not sing the Gathas, who spreads death in

the world and withstands the law of Mazda, the law of Zarathushtra.

60. 'If a murderer take of these offerings, or a whore, or a ....

who does not sing the Gathas, who spreads death in the world and

withstands the law of Mazda, the law of Zarathushtra, then the

bright and glorious Tishtrya takes back his healing virtues.

61. 'Plagues will ever pour upon the Aryan nations; hostile hordes

will ever fall upon the Aryan nations; the Aryans will be smitten,

by their fifties and their hundreds, by their hundreds and their

thousands, by thetr thousands and their tens of thousands, by

their tens of thousands and their myriads of myriads.

62. 'Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

'I bless the sacrifice and prayer, and the strength and vigour

of Tishtrya, the bright and glorious star, and of the powerful

Satavaesa, made by Mazda, who pushes waters forward.

'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

'[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, .... give him the

bright, all-happy, blissful abode of the holy Ones.'

9. Drvasp Yasht
---------------

0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced! May Angra Mainyu be afflicted!....

Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, satisfaction, and glorification unto Havani,

the holy and master of holiness.

Unto the powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda and holy,

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

[[1]]

1. We sacrifice unto the powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda and

holy, who heeps the flocks in health, the herds in health, the

grown-up (cattle) in health, the young ones in health; who watches

well from afar, with a wide-spread and long-continued welfare-giving

friendship;

2. Who yokes teams of horses, who makes her chariot turn and

its wheels sound, fat and glistening, strong, tall-formed, weal-possessing,

health-giving, powerful to stand and powerful to turn for assistance

to the faithful.

3. To her did Haoshyangha, the Paradhata, offer up a sacrifice

on the enclosure of the Hara, the beautiful height, made by Mazda,

with a hundred male horses, a thousand oxen, and ten thousand

lambs, and with an offering of libations:

4. 'Grant me this boon, O good, most beneficent Drvaspa! that

I may overcome all the Daevas of Mazana; that I may never fear

and bow through terror before the Daevas, but that all the Daevas

may fear and bow in spite of themselves before me, that they may

fear and flee down to darkness.'

5. The powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda, the holy Drvaspa, the

maintainer, granted him that boon, as he was offering libations,

giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she would grant

him that boon.

6. For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice

worth being heard; I will offer her a sacrifice well performed,

namely, unto the powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda and holy. We

offer up libations to the powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda and

holy; we offer her the Haoma and meat, the baresma, the wisdom

of the tongue, the holy spells, the speech, the deeds, the libations,

and the rightly-spoken words.

Yenghe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....

[[2]]

7. We offer up a sacrifice unto the powerful Drvaspa, made by

Mazda and holy, who keeps the flocks in health....

Who yokes teams of horses .... for assistance to the faithful.

8. To her did Yima Khshaeta, the good shepherd, offer up a sacrifice

from the height Hukairya, with a hundred male horses, a thousand

oxen, ten thousand lambs, and with an offering of libations:

9. 'Grant me this boon, O good, most beneficent Drvaspa! that

I may bring fatness and flocks down to the world created by Mazda;

that I may bring immortality down to the world created by Mazda;

10. 'That I may take away both hunger and thirst, from the world

created by Mazda; that I may take away both old age and death,

from the world created by Mazda; that I may take away both hot

wind and cold wind, from the world created by Mazda, for a thousand

years.'

11. The powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda, the holy Drvaspa, the

maintainer, granted him that boon, as he was offering lipbations,

giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she would grant

him that boon.

For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[3]]

12. We offer up a sacrifice unto the powerful Drvaspa, made by

Mazda and holy, who keeps the flocks in health....

Who yokes teams of horses .... for assistance to the faithful.

13. To her did Thraetaona, the heir of the valiant Athwya clan,

offer up a sacrifice in the four-cornered Varena, with a hundred

male horses, a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs, and with an

offering of libations:

14. 'Grant me this boon, O good, most beneficent Drvaspa! that

I may overcome Azhi Dahaka, the three-mouthed, the three-headed,

the six-eyed, who has a thousand senses, that most powerful, fiendish

Druj, that demon, baleful to the world, the strongest Druj that

Angra Mainyu created against the material world, to destroy the

world of the good principle; and that I may deliver his two wives,

Savanghavack and Erenavach, who are the fairest of body amongst

women, and the most wonderful creatures in the world.'

15. The powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda, the holy Drvasya, the

maintainer, granted him that boon, as he was offering up libations,

giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she would grant

him that boon.

For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[4]]

16. We offer up a sacrifice unto the powerful Drvaspa, made by

Mazda and holy, who keeps flocks in health....

Who yokes teams of horses .... for assistance to the faithful.

17. To her did Haoma offer up a sacrifice, Haoma, the enlivening,

the healing, the beautiful, the lordly, with golden eyes, upon

the highest height of the Haraiti Bareza. He begged of her a boon

saying:

18. 'Grant me this boon, O good, most beneficent Drvaspa! that

I may bind the Turanian murderer Franghrasyan, that I may drag

him bound, that may bring him bound unto king Husravah, that king

Husravah may kill him, behind the Chaechasta lake, the deep lake

of salt waters, to avenge the murder of his father Syavarshana,

a man, and of Aghraeratha, a semi-man.'

19. The powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda, the holy Drvaspa, the

maintainer, granted him that boon, as he was offering up libations,

giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she would give

him that boon.

For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[5]]

20. We offer up a sacrifice unto the powerful Drvaspa, made by

Mazda and holy, who keeps the flocks in health....

Who yokes teams of horses .... for assistance to the faithful.

21. To her did the gallant Husravah, he who united the Arya nations

into one kingdom, offer up a sacrifice, behind the Chaechasta

lake, the deep lake of salt waters, with a hundred male horses,

a thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs, and an offering of libations:

22. 'Grant me this boon, O good, most beneficent Drvaspa! that

I may kill the Turanian murderer, Franghrasyan, behind the Chaechasta

lake, the deep lake of salt waters, to avenge the murder of my

father Syavarshana, a man, and of Aghraeratha, a semi-man.'

23. The powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda, the holy Drvaspa, the

maintainer, granted him that boon, as he was offering up libations,

giving gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she would grant

him that boon.

For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[6]]

24. We offer up a sacrifice unlo the powerful Drvaspa, made by

Mazda and holy, who keeps the flocks in health....

Who yokes teams of horses .... for assistance to the faithful,

25. To her did the holy Zarathushtra offer up a sacrifice in the

Airyana Vaejah, by the good river Daitya, with the Haoma and meat,

with the baresma, with the wisdom of the tongue, with the holy

spells, with the speech, with the deeds, with the libations, and

with the rightly-spoken words. He begged of her a boon, saying:

26. 'O good, most beneficent Drvaspa! grant me this boon, that

I may bring the good and noble Hutaosa to think according to the

law, to speak according to the law, to do according to the law,

that she may spread my Mazdean law and make it known, and that

she may bestow beautiful praises upon my deeds.'

27. The strong Drvaspa, made by Mazda, the holy Drvaspa, the maintainer,

granted him that boon, as he was offering up libations, giving

gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she would grant him that

boon.

For her brightness and glory, I wiII offer her a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[7]]

28. We offer up a sacrifice unto the powerful Drvaspa, made by

Mazda and holy, who keeps the flocks in health....

Who yokes teams of horses .... for assistance to the faithful.

29. To her did the tall Kavi Vistaspa offer up a sacrifice behind

the waters of the river Daitya, with a hundred male horses, a

thousand oxen, ten thousand lambs, and with an offering of libations:

30. 'Grant me this boon, O good, most beneficent Drvaspa! that

I may put to flight Ashta-aurvant, the son of Vispa-thaurvo-asti,

the all-afflicting, of the brazen helmet, of the brazen armour,

of the thick neck, behind whom seven hundred camels ....; that

I may put to flight the Hvyaona murderer, Arejat-aspa; that I

may put to flight Darshinika, the worshipper of the Daevas;

31. And that I may smite Tathravant of the bad law; that I may

smite Spinjaurushka, the worshipper of the Daevas; and that I

may bring unto the good law the nations of the Varedhakas and

of the Hvyaonas; and that I may smite of the Huyaona nations their

fifties and their hundreds, their hundreds and their thousands,

their thousands and their tens of thousands, their tens of thousands

and their myriads of myriads.

32. The strong Drvaspa, made by Mazda, the holy Drvaspa, the maintainer,

granted him that boon, as he was offering up libations, giving

gifts, sacrificing, and entreating that she would grant him that

boon.

For her brightness and glory, I will offer her a sacrifice worth

being heard; I will offer her a sacrifice well performed, namely,

unto the powerful Drvaspa made by Mazda and holy. We offer up

libations to the powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda and holy; we

offer her the Haoma and meat, the baresma, the wisdom of the tongue,

the holy spells, the speech, the deeds, the libations, and the

rightly-spoken words.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

I bless the sacrifice and prayer, and the strength and vigour

of the powerful Drvaspa, made by Mazda and holy.
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, give him health of

body,.... give him the bright, all-happy, blissful abode of the

holy Ones.
10. Mihr Yasht (Hymn to Mithra)
-------------------------------
0. May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas, and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness....

Unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, who has a thousand ears,

ten thousand eyes, a Yazata invoked by his own name, and unto

Rama Hvastra,

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

[[1]]

1. Ahura Mazda spake unto Spitama Zarathushtra, saying: 'Verily,

when I created Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, O Spitama! I

created him as worthy of sacrifice, as worthy of prayer as myself

Ahura Mazda.

2. 'The ruffian who lies unto Mithra brings death unto the whole

country, injuring as much the faithful world as a hundred evil-doers

could do. Break not the contract, O Spitama! neither the one that

thou hadst entered into with one of the unfaithful, nor the one

that thou hadst entered into with one of the faithful who is one

of thy own faith. For Mithra stands for both the faithful and

the unfaithful.

3. 'Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, gives swiftness to the

horses of those who lie not unto Mithra.

'Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda, gives the straightest way to those

who lie not unto Mithra.

'The good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful give a

virtuous offspring to those who lie not unto Mithra.

4. 'For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard, namely, unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures.

'We offer up libations unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

who gives a happy dwelling and a good dwelling to the Aryan nations.

5. 'May he come to us for help! May he come to us for ease! May

he come to us for joy! May he come to us for mercy! May he come

to us for health! May he come to us for victory! May he come to

us for good conscience! May he come to us for bliss! he, the awful

and overpowering, worthy of sacrifice and prayer, not to be deceived

anywhere in the whole of the material world, Mithra, the lord

of wide pastures.

6. 'I will offer up libations unto him, the strong Yazata, the

powerful Mithra, most beneficent to the creatures: I will apply

unto him with charity and prayers: I will offer up a sacrifice

worth being heard unto him, Mithra, the lord ofwide pastures,

with the Haoma and meat, with the baresma, with the wisdom of

the tongue, with the holy spells, with the speech, with the deeds,

with the libations, and with the rightly-spoken words. 'Yenhe

hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....
[[2]]

7. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, who

is truth-speaking, a chief in assemblies, with a thousand ears,

well-shapen, with ten thousand eyes, high, with full knowledge,

strong, sleepless, and ever awake;

8. 'To whom the chiefs of nations offer up sacrifices, as they

go to the field, against havocking hosts, against enemies coming

in battle array, in the strife of conflicting nations.

9. 'On whichever side he has been worshipped first in the fulness

of faith of a devoted heart, to that side turns Mithra, the lord

of wide pastures, with the fiend-smiting wind, with the cursing

thought of the wise.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[3]]

10. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake.

11. 'Whom the horsemen worship on the back of their horses, begging

swiftness for their teams, health for their own bodies, and that

they may watch with full success those who hate them, smite down

their foes, and destroy at one stroke their adversaries, their

enemies, and those who hate themn,

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[4]]

12. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

13. 'Who first of the heavenly gods reaches over the Hara, before

the undying, swift-horsed sun; who, foremost in a golden array,

takes hold of the beautiful summits, and from thence looks over

the abode of the Aryans with a beneficent eye.

14. 'Where the valiant chiefs draw up their many troops in array;

where the high mountains, rich in pastures and waters, yield plenty

to the cattle; where the deep lakes, with salt waters, stand;

where wide-flowing rivers swell and hurry towards Ishkata and

Pouruta, Mouru and Haroyu, the Gava-Sughdha and Hvairizem;

15. 'On Arezahi and Savahi, on Fradadhafshu and Vidadhafshu, on

Vourubareshti and Vourujareshti, on this bright Karshvare of Hvaniratha,

the abode of cattle, the dwelling of cattle, the powerful Mithra

looks with a health-bringing eye;

16. 'He who moves along all the Karshvares, a Yazata unseen, and

brings glory; he who moves along all the Karshvares, a Yazata

unseen, and brings sovereignty; and increases strength for victory

to those who, with a pious intent, holily offer him libations.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[5]]

17. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Unto whom nobody must lie, neither the master of a house, nor

the lord of a borough, nor the lord of a town, nor the lord of

a province.

18. 'If the master of a house lies unto him, or the lord of a

borough, or the lord of a town, or the lord ofa province, then

comes Mithra, angry and offended, and he breaks asunder the house,

the borough, the town, the province; and the masters of the houses,

the lords of the boroughs, the lords of the towns, the lords of

the provinces, and the foremost men of the provinces.

19. 'On whatever side there is one who has lied unto Mithra, on

that side Mithra stands forth, angry and offended, and his wrath

is slow to relent.

20. 'Those who lie unto Mithra, however swift they may be running,

cannot overtake; riding, cannot ....; driving, cannot ..... The

spear that the foe of Mithra flings, darts backwards, for the

number of the evil spells that the foe of Mithra works out.

21. 'And even though the spear be flung well, even though it reach

the body, it makes no wound, for the number of the evil spells

that the foe of Mithra works out. The wind drives away the spear

that the foe of Mithra flings, for the number of the evil spells

that the foe of Mithra works out.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[6]]

22. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who takes out of distress the man who has not lied unto him,

who takes him out of death.

23. 'Take us out of distress, take us out of distresses, O Mithra!

as we have not lied unto thee. Thou bringest down terror upon

the bodies of the men who lie unto Mithra; thou takest away the

strength from their arms, being angry and all-powerful; thou takest

the swiftness from their feet, the eye-sight from their eyes,

the hearing from their ears.

24. 'Not the wound of the well-sharpened spear or of the flying

arrow reaches that man to whom Mithra comes for help with all

the strength of his soul, he, of the ten thousand spies, the powerful,

all-seeing, undeceivable Mithra.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[7]]

25. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who is lordly, deep, strong, and weal-giving; a chief in assemblies,

pleased with prayers, high, holily clever, the incarnate Word,

a warrior with strong arms;

26. 'Who breaks the skulls of the Daevas, and is most cruel in

exacting pains; the punisher of the men who lie unto Mithra, the

withstander of the Pairikas; who, when not deceived, establisheth

nations in supreme strength; who, when not deceived, establisheth

nations in supreme victory;

27. 'Who confounds the ways of the nation that delights in havoc,

who turns away their Glory, takes away their strength for victory,

blows them away helpless, and delivers them unto ten thousand

strokes; he, of the ten thousand spies, the powerful, all-seeing,

undeceivable Mithra.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[8]]

28. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who upholds the columns of the lofty house and makes its pillars

solid; who gives herds of oxen and male children to that house

in which he has been satisfied; he breaks to pieces those in which

he has been offended,

29. 'Thou, O Mithra! art both bad and good to nations; thou, O

Mithra! art both bad and good to men; thou, O Mithra! keepest

in thy hands both peace and trouble for nations.

30. 'Thou makest houses large, beautiful with women, beautiful

with chariots, with well-laid foundations, and high above their

groundwork; thou makest that house lofty, beautiful with women,

beautiful with chariots, with well-laid foundations, and high

above its groundwork, of which the master, pious and holding libations

in his hand, offers thee a sacrifice, in which thou art invoked

by thy own name and with the proper words.

31. 'With a sacrifice, in which thou art invoked by thy own name,

with the proper words will I offer thee libations, O powerful

Mithra!

'With a sacrifice, in which thou art invoked by thy own name,

with the proper words will I offer thee libations, O most beneficent

Mithra!

'With a sacrifice, in which thou art invoked by thy own name,

with the proper words will I offer thee libations, O thou undeceivable

Mithra!

32. 'Listen unto our sacrifice, O Mithra! Be thou pleased with

our sacrifice, O Mithra! Come and sit at our sacrifice! Accept

our libations! Accept them as they have been consecrated! Gather

them together with love and lay them in the Garo-nmana!

33. 'Grant us these boons which we beg of thee, O powerful god

I in accordance with the words of revelation, namely, riches,

strength, and victory, good conscience and bliss, good fame and

a good soul; wisdom and the knowledge that gives happiness, the

victorious strength given by Ahura, the crushing Ascendant of

Asha Vahishta, and conversation (with God) on the Holy Word.

34. 'Grant that we, in a good spirit and high spirit, exalted

in joy and a good spirit, may smite all our foes; that we, in

a good spirit and high spirit, exalted in joy and a good spirit,

may smite all our enemies; that we, in a good spirit and high

spirit, exalted in joy and a good spirit, may smite all the malice

of Daevas and Men, of the Yatus and Pairikas, of the oppressors,

the blind, and the deaf.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[9]]

35. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Victory-making, army-governing, endowed with a thousand senses;

power-wielding, power-possessing, and all-knowing;

36. 'Who sets the battle a going, who stands against (armies)

in battle, who, standing against (armies) in battle, breaks asunder

the lines arrayed. The wings of the columns gone to battle shake,

and he throws terror upon the centre of the havocking host.

37. 'He can bring and does bring down upon them distress and fear;

he throws down the heads of those who lie to Mithra, he takes

off the heads of those who lie unto Mithra.

38. 'Sad is the abode, unpeopled with children, where abide men

who lie unto Mithra, and, verily, the fiendish killer of faithful

men. The grazing cow goes a sad straying way, driven along the

vales of the Mithradrujes: they stand on the road, letting tears

run over their chins.

39. 'Their falcon-feathered arrows, shot from the string of the

well-bent bow, fly towards the mark, and hit it not, as Mithra,

the lord of wide pastures, angry, offended, and unsatisfied, comes

and meets them.

'Their spears, well whetted and sharp, their long spears fly from

their hands towards the mark, and hit it not, as Mithra, the lord

of wide pastures, angry, offended, and unsatisfied, comes and

meets them.

40. 'Their swords, well thrust and striking at the heads of men,

hit not the mark, as Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, angry,

offended, and unsatisfied, comes and meets them.

'Their clubs, well falling and striking at the heads of men, hit

not the mark, as Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, angry, offended,

and unsatisfied, comes and meets them.

41. 'Mithra strikes fear into them; Rashnu strikes a counter-fear

into them; the holy Sraosha blows them away from every side towards

the two Yazatas, the maintainers of the world. They make the ranks

of the army melt away, as Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, angry,

offended, and unsatisfied, comes and meets them.

42. 'They cry unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, saying:

"O Mithra, thou lord of wide pastures! here are our fiery

horses taking us away, as they flee from Mithra; here are our

sturdy arms cut to pieces by the sword, O Mithra!"

43. 'And then Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, throws them to

the ground, killing their fifties and their hundreds, their hundreds

and their thousands, their thousands and their tens of thousands,

their tens of thousands and their myriads of myriads; as Mithra,

the lord of wide pastures, is angry and offended,

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[10]]

44. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Whose dwelling, wide as the earth, extends over the material

world, large, unconfined, and bright, a far-and-wide-extending

abode.

45. 'Whose eight friends sit as spies for Mithra, on all the heights,

at all the watching-places, observing the man who lies unto Mithra,

looking at those, remembering those who have lied unto Mithra,

but guarding the ways of those whose life is sought by men who

lie unto Mithra, and, verily, by the fiendish killers of faithful

men.

46. 'Helping and guarding, guarding behind and guarding in front,

Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, proves an undeceivable spy

and watcher for the man to whom he comes to help with all the

strength of his soul, he of the ten thousand spies, the powerful,

all-knowing, undeceivable god.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[11]]

47. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'A god of high renown and old age, whom wide-hoofed horses carry

against havocking hosts, against enemies coming in battle array,

in the strife of conflicting nations.

48. 'And when Mithra drives along towards the havocking hosts,

towards the enemies coming in battle array, in the strife of the

conflicting nations, then he binds the hands of those who have

lied unto Mithra, he confounds their eye-sight, he takes the hearing

from their ears; they can no longer move their feet; they can

no longer withstand those people, those foes, when Mithra, the

lord of wide pastures, bears them ill-will.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[12]]

49. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

50. 'For whom the Maker, Ahura Mazda, has built up a dwelling

on the Hara Berezaiti, the bright mountain around which the many

(stars) revolve where come neither night nor darkness, no cold

wind and no hot wind, no deathful sickness, no uncleanness made

by the Daevas, and the clouds cannot reach up unto the Haraiti

Bareza;

51. 'A dwelling that all the Amesha-Spentas, in one accord with

the sun, made for him in the fulness of faith of a devoted heart,

and he survevs the whole of the material world from the Haraiti

Bareza.

52. 'And when there rushes a wicked worker of evil, swiftly, with

a swift step, Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, goes and yokes

his horses to his chariot, along with the holy, powerful Sraosha

and Nairyo-sangha, who strikes a blow that smites the army, that

smites the strength of the malicious.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[13]]

53. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

54. 'Who, with hands lifted up, ever cries unto Ahura Mazda, saying:

"I am the kind keeper of all creatures, I am the kind maintainer

of all creatures; yet men worship me not with a sacrifice in which

I am invoked by my own name, as they worship the other gods with

sacrifices in which they are invoked by their own names.

55. '"If men would worship me with a sacrifice in which I

were invoked by my own name, as they worship the other Yazatas

with sacrifices in which they are invoked by their own names,

then I would come to the faithful at the appointed time; I would

come in the appointed time of my beautiful, immortal life."

56. 'But the pious man, holding libations in his hands, does worship

thee with a sacrifice, in which thou art invoked by thy own ame,

and with the proper words.

'With a sacrifice, in which thou art invoked by thy own name,

with the proper words will I offer thee libations, O powerful

Mithra!

'With a sacrifice, in which thou art invoked by thy own name,

with the groper words will I offer thee libations, O most beneficent

Mithra!

'With a sacrifice, in which thou art invoked by thy own name,

with the proper words will I offer thee libations, O thou undeceivable

Mithra!

57. 'Listen unto our sacrifice, 'O Mithra! Be thou pleased with

our sacrifice, O Mithra! Come and sit at our sacrifice! Accept

our libations! Accept them as they have been consecrated! Gather

them together with love and lay them in the Garo-nmana!

58. 'Grant us these boons which we beg of thee, O powerful god!

in accordance with the words of revelation, namely, riches, strength,

and victory, good conscience and bliss, good fame and a good soul;

wisdom and the knowledge that gives happiness, the victorious

strength given by Ahura, the crushing Ascendant of Asha-Vahishta,

and conversation (with God) on the Holy Word.

59. 'Grant that we, in a good spirit and high spirit, exalted

in joy and a good spirit, may smite all our foes; that we, in

a good spirit and high spirit, exalted in joy and a good spirit,

may smite all our enemies; that we, in a good spirit and high

spirit, exalted in joy and a good spirit, may smite all the malice

of Daevas and Men, of the Yatus and Pairikas, of the oppressors,

the blind, and the deaf.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[14]]

60. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Whose renown is good, whose shape is good, whose glory is good;

who has boons to give at his will, who has pasture-fields to give

at his will; harmless to the tiller of the ground, ...., beneficent;

he, of the ten thousand spies, the powerful, all-knowing, undeceivable

god.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[15]]

61. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Firm-legged, a watcher fully awake; valiant, a chief in assemblies;

making the waters flow forward; listening to appeals; making the

waters run and the plants grow up; ruling over the Karshvares;

delivering; happy; undeceivable; endowed with many senses; a creature

of wisdom;

62. 'Who gives neither strength nor vigour to him who has lied

unto Mithra; who gives neither glory nor any boon to him who has

lied unto Mithra.

63. 'Thou takest away the strength from their arms, being angry

and all-powerful; thou takest the swiftness from their feet, the

eye-sight from their eyes, the hearing from their ears.

'Not the wound of the well-sharpened spear or of the flying arrow

reaches that man to whom Mithra comes for help with all the strength

of his soul he of the ten-thousand spies, the powerful all-knowing

undeceivable god. 'For his brightness and glory, I will offer

him a sacrifice worth being heard....
[[16]]

64. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who takes possession of the beautiful, wide-expanding law, greatly

and powerfully and whose face looks over all the seven Karshvares

of the earth;

65. 'Who is swift amongst the swift, liberal amongst the liberal,

strong amongst the strong, a chief of assembly amongst the chiefs

of assemblies; increase-giving, fatness-giving, cattle-giving,

sovereignty-giving, son-giving, cheerfulness-giving, and bliss-giving.

66. 'With whom proceed Ashi Vanguhi, and Parendi on her light

chariot, the awful Manly Courage, the awful kingly Glory, the

awful sovereign Sky, the awful cursing thought of the wise, the

awful Fravashis of the faithful, and he who keeps united together

the many faithful worshippers of Mazda.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[17]]

67. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastares, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who drives along on his high-wheeled chariot, made of a heavenly

substance, from the Karshvare of Arezahi to the Karshvare of Hvaniratha,

the bright one; accompanied by the wheel of sovereignty, the Glory

made by Mazda, and the Victory made by Ahura;

68. 'Whose chariot is embraced by the great Ashi Vanguhi; to whom

the Law of Mazda opens a way, that he may go easily; whom four

heavenly steeds, white, shining, seen afar, beneficent, endowed

with knowledge, swiftly carry along the heavenly space, while

the cursing thought of the wise pushes it forward;

69. 'From whom all the Daevas unseen and the Varenya fiends flee

away in fear. Oh! may we never fall across the rush of the angry

lord, who goes and rushes from a thousand sides against his foe,

he, of the ten thousand spies, the powerful, all-knowing, undeceivable

god.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[18]]

70. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Before whom Verethraghna, made by Ahura, runs opposing the foes

in the shape of a boar, a sharp-toothed he-boar, a sharp-jawed

boar, that kills at one stroke, pursuing, wrathful, with a dripping

face; strong, with iron feet, iron fore-paws, iron weapons, an

iron tail, and iron jaws;

71. 'Who, eagerly clinging to the fleeing foe, along with Manly

Courage, smites the foe in battle, and does not think he has smitten

him, nor does he consider it a blow till he has smitten away the

marrow and the column of life, the marrow and the spring of existence.

72. 'He cuts all the limbs to pieces, and mingles, together with

the earth, the bones, hair, brains, and blood of the men who have

lied unto Mithra.

'For his brightness and glory, we offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[19]]

73. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who, with hands lifted up, rejoicing, cries out, speaking thus:

74. '"O Ahura Mazda, most beneficent spirit! Maker of the

material world, thou Holy One!

'"If men would worship me with a sacrifice in which I were

invoked by my own name, as they worship the other gods with sacrifices

in which they are invoked by their own names, then I should come

to the faithful at the appointed time; I should come in the appointed

time of my beautiful, immortal life."

75. 'May we keep our field; may we never be exiles from our field,

exiles from our house, exiles from our borough, exiles from our

town, exiles from our country.

76. 'Thou dashest in pieces the malice of the malicious, the malice

of the men of malice: dash thou in pieces the killers of faithful

men!

'Thou hast good horses, thou hast a good chariot: thou art bringing

help at every appeal, and art powerful.

77. 'I will pray unto thee for help, with many consecrations,

with good consecrations of libations; with many offerings, with

good offerings of libations, that we, abiding in thee, may long

inhabit a good abode, full of all the riches that can be wished

for.

78. 'Thou keepest those nations that tender a good worship to

Mithra, the lord of wide pastures; thou dashest in pieces those

that delight in havoc. Unto thee will I pray for help: may he

come to us for help, the awful, most powerful Mithra, the worshipful

and praiseworthy, the glorious lord of nations.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[20]]

79. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who made a dwelling for Rashnu, and to whom Rashnu gave all his

soul for long friendship;

80. 'Thou art a keeper and protector of the dwelling of those

who lie not: thou art the maintainer of those who lie not. With

thee hath Verethraghna, made by Ahura, contracted the best of

all friendships, and thus it is how so many men who have lied

unto Mithra, even privily, lie smitten down on the ground.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[21]]

81. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who made a dwelling for Rashnu, and to whom Rashnu gave all his

soul for long friendship;

82. 'To whom Ahura Mazda gave a thousand senses and ten thousand

eyes to see. With those eyes and those senses, he watches the

man who injures Mithra, the man who lies unto Mithra. Through

those eyes and those senses, he is, undeceivable, he, of the ten

thousand spies, the powerful, all-knowing, undeceivable god.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[22]]

83. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Whom the lord of the country invokes for help, with hands uplifted;

'Whom the lord of the town invokes for help, with hands uplifted;

84. 'Whom the lord of the borough invokes for help, with hands

uplifted;

'Whom the master of the house invokes for help, with hands uplifted;

'Whom the .... in danger of death invokes for help, with hands

uplifted;

'Whom the poor man, who follows the good law, when wronged and

deprived of his rights, invokes for help, with hands uplifted.

85. 'The voice of his wailing reaches up to the sky, it goes over

the earth all around, it goes over the seven Karshuares, whether

he utters his prayer in a low tone of voice or aloud.

86. 'The cow driven astray invokes him for help, longing for the

stables:

'"When will that bull, Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

bring us back, and make us reach the stables? when wilt he turn

us back to the right way from the den of the Druj where we were

driven?"

87. 'And to him with whom Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, has

been satisfied, he comes with help; and of him with whom Mithra,

the lord of wide pastures, has been offended, he crushes down

the house, the borough, tne town, the province, the country.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[23]]

88. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'To whom the enlivening, healing, fair, lordly golden-eyed Haoma

offered up a sacrifice on the highest of the heights, on the Haraiti

Bareza, he the undefiled to one undefiled, with undefiled baresma,

undefiled libations, and undefiled words;

89. 'Whom the holy Ahura Mazda has established as a priest, quick

in performing the sacrifice and loud in song. He performed the

sacrifice with a loud voice, as a priest quick in sacrifice and

loud in song, a priest to Ahura Mazda, a priest to the Amesha-Spentas.

His voice reached up to the sky; went over the earth all around,

went over the seven Karshvares.

90. 'Who first lifted up Haomas, in a mortar inlaid with stars

and made of a heavenly substance. Ahura Mazda longed for him,

the Amesha-Spentas longed for him, for the well-slapen body of

him whom the swift-horsed sun awakes for prayer from afar.

91. 'Hail to Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, who has a thousand

ears and ten thousand eyes! Thou art worthy of sacrifice and prayer:

mayest thou have sacrifice and prayer in the houses of men! Hail

to the man who shall offer thee a sacrifice, with the holy wood

in his hand, the baresma in his hand, the holy meat in his hand,

the holy mortar in his hand, with his hands well-washed, with

the mortar well-washed, with the bundles of baresma tied up, the

Haoma uplifted, and the Ahuna Vairya sung through.

92. 'The holy Ahura Mazda confessed that religion and so did Vohu-Mano,

so did Asha-Vahishta, so did Khshathra-Vairya, so did Spenta-Armaiti,

so did Haurvatat and Ameretat; and all the Amesha-Spentas longed

for and confessed his religion. The kind Mazda conferred upon

him the mastership of the world; and [so did they] who saw thee

amongst all creatures the right lord and master of the world,

the best cleanser of these creatures.

93. 'So mayest thou in both worlds, mayest thou keep us in both

worlds, O Mithra, lord of wide pastures! both in this material

world and in the world of the spirit, from the fiend of Death,

from the fiend Aeshma, from the fiendish hordes, that lift up

the spear of havoc, and from the onsets of Aeshma, wherein the

evil-doing Aeshma rushes along with Vidotu, made by the Daevas.

94. 'So mayest thou, O Mithra, lord of wide pastures! give swiftness

to our teams, strength to our own bodies, and that we may watch

with full success those who hate us, smite down our foes, and

destroy at one stroke our adversaries, our enemies and those who

hate us.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[24]]

95. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who goes over the earth, all her breadth over, after the setting

of the sun, touches both ends of this wide, round earth, whose

ends tie afar, and surveys everything that is between the earth

and the heavens,

96. 'Swinging in his hands a club with a hundred knots, a hundred

edges, that rushes forwards and fells men down; a club cast out

of red brass, of strong, golden brass; the strongest of all weapons,

the most victorious of all weapons;

97. 'From whom Angra Mainyu, who is all death, flees away in fear;

from whom Aeshma, the evil-doing Peshotanu, flees away in fear;

from whom the long-handed Bushyasta flees away in fear; from whom

all the Daevas unseen and the Varenya fiends flee away in fear.

98. 'Oh! may we never fall across the rush of Mithra, the lord

of wide pastures, when in anger! May Mithra, the lord of wide

pastures, never smite us in his anger; he who stands up upon this

earth as the strongest of all gods, the most valiant of all gods,

the most energetic of all god , th swiftest of all gods, the most

fiend-smiting of all gods, he, Mithra, the lord of wide pastures.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[25]]

99. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'From whom all the Daevas unseen and the Varenya fiends flee away

in fear.

'The lord of nations, Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, drives

forward at the right-hand side of this wide, round earth, whose

ends lie afar.

100. 'At his right hand drives the good, holy Sraosha; at his left

hand drives the tall and strong Rashnu; on all sides around him

drive the waters, the plants, and the Fravashis of the faithful.

101. 'In his might, he ever brings to them falcon-feathered arrows,

and, when diiving, he himself comes there, where are nations,

enemy to Mithra, he, first and foremost, strikes blows with his

club on the horse and his rider; he throws fear and fright upon

the horse and his rider.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[26]]

102. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'The warrior of the white horse, of the sharp spear, the tong

spear, the quick arrows; foreseeing and clever;

103. 'Whom Ahura Mazda has established to maintain and look over

all this moving world, and who maintains and looks over all this

moving world; who, never sleeping, wakefully guards the creation

of Mazda; who, never sleeping, wakefully maintains the creation

of Mazda;

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[27]]

104. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Whose long arms, strong with Mithra-strength, encompass what

he seizes in the easternmost river and what he beats with the

westernmost river, what is by the Sanaka of the Rangha and what

is by the boundary of the earth.

105. 'And thou, O Mithra! encompassing all this around, do thou

reach it, all over, with thy arms.

'The man without glory, led astray from the right way, grieves

in his heart; the man without glory thinks thus in himself: "That

careless Mithra does not see all the evil that is done, nor all

the lies that are told."
106. 'But I think thus in my heart:

'"Should the evil thoughts of the earthly man be a hundred

times worse, they would not rise so high as the good thoughts

of the heavenly Mithra;

'"Should the evil words of the earthly man be a hundred times

worse, they would not rise so high as the good words of the heavenly

Mithra;

'"Should the evil deeds of the earthly man be a hundred times

worse, they would not rise so high as the good deeds of the heavenly

Mithra;

107. '"Should the heavenly wisdom in the earthly man be a

hundred times greater, it would not rise so high as the heavenly

w'isdom in the heavenly Mithra;

''And thus, should the ears of the earthly man hear a hundred

time better, he would not hear so well as the heavenly Mithra,

whose ear hears well who has a thousand senses, and sees every

man that tells a lie."

'Mithra stands up in his strength, he drives in the awfulness

of royalty, and sends from his eyes beautiful looks that shine

from afar, (saying):

108. '"Who will offer me a sacrifice? Who will lie unto me? Who

thinks me a god worthy of a good sacrifice? Who thinks me worthy

only of a bad sacrifice? To whom shall I, in my might, impart

brightness and glory? To whom bodily health? To whom shall I,

in my might, impart riches and full weal? Whom shall I bless by

raising him a virtuous offspring?

109. '"To whom shall I give in return, without his thinking

of it, the awful sovereignty, beautifully. arrayed, with many

armies, and most perfect; the sovereignty of an all-powerful tyrant,

who fells down heads, valiant, smiting, and unsmitten; who orders

chastisement to be done and his order is done at once, which he

has ordered in his anger?"

'O Mithra! when thou art offended and not satisfied, he soothes

thy mind, and makes Mithra satisfied.

110. '"To whom shall I, in my might, impart sickness and death?

To whom shall I impart poverty and sterility? Of whom shall I

at one stroke cut off the offspring!

111. '"From whom shall I take away, without his thinking of

it, the awful sovereignty, beautifully arrayed, with many armies,

and most perfect; the sovereignty of an all-powerful tyrant, who

fells down heads, valiant, smiting, and unsmitten; who orders

chastisement to be done and his order is done at once, which he

has ordered in his anger."

'O Mithra! while thou art satisfied and not angry, he moves thy

heart to anger, and makes Mithra unsatisfied.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[28]]

112. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'A warrior with a silver helm, a golden cuirass, who kills with

the poniard, strong, valiant, lord of the borough. Bright are

the ways of Mithra, by which he goes towards the country, when,

wishing well, he turns its plains and vales to pasture grounds,

113. 'And then cattle and males come to graze, as many as he wants.

'May Mithra and Ahura, the high gods, come to us for help, when

the poniard lifts up its voice aloud, when the nostrils of the

horses quiver, when the poniards ...., when the, strings of the

bows whistle and shoot sharp arrows; then the brood of those whose

libations are hated fall smitten to the ground, with their hair

torn off.

114. 'So mayest thou, O Mithra, lord of wide pastures! give swiftness

to our teams, strength to our own bodies, and that we may watch

with full success those who hate us, smite down our foes, and

destroy at one stroke our adversaries, our enemies, and those

who hate us.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[29]]

115. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake.

'O Mithra, lord of wide pastures! thou master of the house, of

the borough, of the town, of the country, thou Zarathushtrotema!

116. 'Mithra is twentyfold between two friends or two relations;

'Mithra is thirtyfold between two men of the same group;

'Mithra is fortyfold between two partners;
'Mithra is fiftyfold between wife and husband;

'Mithra is sixtyfold between two pupils (of the same master);

'Mithra is seventyfold between the pupil and his master;

'Mithra is eightyfold between the son-in-law and his father-in-law;

'Mithra is ninetyfold between two brothers;

117. 'Mithra is a hundredfold between the father and the son;

'Mithra is a thousandfold between two nations;

'Mithra is ten thousandfold when connected with the Law of Mazda,

and then he will be every day of victorious strength.

118. 'May I come unto thee with a prayer that goes lowly or goes

highly! As this sun rises up above the Hara Berezaiti and then

fulfils its career, so may I, O Spitama! with a prayer that goes

lowly or goes highly, rise up above the will of the fiend Angra

Mainyu!

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[30]]

119. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastwes, ....

sleepless, and ever awake,

'Offer up a sacrifice unto Mithra, O Spitama! and order thy pupils

to do the same.

'Let the worshipper of Mazda sacrifice unto thee with small cattle,

with black cattle, with flying birds, gliding forward on wings.

120. 'To Mithra all the faithful worshiypers of Mazda must give

strength and energy with offered and proffered Haomas, which the

Zaotar proffers unto him and gives in sacrifice. Let the faithful

man drink of the libations cleanly prepared, which if he does,

if he offers them unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, Mithra

will be pleased with him and without anger.'

121. Zarathushtra asked him: 'O Ahura Mazda! how shall the faithful

man drink the libations cleanly prepared, which if he does and

he offers them unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, Mithra

will be pleased vvith him and without anger?'

122. Ahura Mazda answered: 'Let them wash their bodies three days

and three nights; let them undergo thirty strokes for the sacrifice

and prayer unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures. Let them wash

their bodies two days and two nights; let them undergo twenty

strokes for the sacrifice and prayer unto Mithra, the lord of

wide pastures. Let no man drink of these libations who does not

know the staota yesnya: Vispe ratavo.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacriace worth

being heard....
[[31]]

123. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'To whom Ahura Mazda offered up a sacrifice in the shining Garo-nmana.

124. 'With his arms lifted up towards Immortality, Mithra, the

lord of wide pastures, drives forward from the shining Garo-nmana,

in a beautiful chariot that drives on, ever-swift, adorned with

all sorts of ornaments, and made of gold.

125. 'Four stallions draw that chariot, all of the same white colour,

living on heavenly food and undying. The hoofs of their fore-feet

are shod with gold, the hoofs of their hind-feet are shod with

silver; all are yoked to the same pole, and wear the yoke and

the cross-beams of the yoke, fastened with hooks of Khshathra

vairya to a beautiful....

126. 'At his right hand drives Rashnu-Razishta, the most beneficent

and most well-shapen.

'At his left hand drives the most upright Chista, the holy one,

bearing libations in her hands, clothed with white clothes, and

white herself; and the cursing thought of the Law of Mazda.

127. 'Close by him drives the strong cursing thought of the wise

man, opposing foes in the shape of a boar, a sharp-toothed he-boar,

a sharp- jawed boar, that kills at one stroke, pursuing, wrathful,

with a dripping face, strong and swift to run, and rushing all

around.

'Behind him drives Atar, all in a blaze, and the awful kingly

Glory.

128. 'On a side of the chariot of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

stand a thousand bows well-made, with a string of cowgut; they

go through the heavenly space, they fall through the heavenly

space upon the skulls of the Daevas.

129. 'On a side of the chariot of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

stand a thousand vulture-feathered arrows, with a golden mouth,

with a horn shaft, with a brass tail, and well-made. They go through

the heavenly space, they fall through the heavenly space upon

the skulls of the Daevas.

130. 'On a side of the chariot of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

stand a thousand spears well-made and sharp-piercing. They go

through the heavenly space, they fall through the heavenly space

upon the skulls of the Daevas.

'On a side of the chariot of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

stand a thousand steel-hammers, two-edged, well-made. They go

through the heavenly space, they fall through the heavenly space

upon the skulls of the Daevas.

131. 'On a side of the chariot of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

stand a thousand swords, two-edged and well-made. They go through

the heavenly space, they fall through the heavenly space upon

the skulls of the Daevas.

'On a side of the chariot of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

stand a thousand maces of iron, well-made. They go through the

heavenly space, they fall through the heavenly space upon the

skulls of the Daevas.

132. 'On a side of the chariot of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

stands a beautiful well-falling club, with a hundred knots, a

hundred edges, that rushes forward and fells men down; a club

cast out of red brass, of strong, golden brass; the strongest

of all weapons, the most victorious of all weapons. It goes through

the heavenly space, it falls through the heavenly space upon the

skulls of the Daevas.

133. After he has smitten the Daevas, after he has smitten down

the men who lied unto Mithra, Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

drives forward through Arezahe and Savahe, through Fradadhafshu

and Vidadhafshu, through Vourubareshti and Vouru-jareshti, through

this our Karshvare, the bright Hvaniratha.

134. 'Angra Mainyu, who is all death, flees away in fear; Aeshma,

the evil-doing Peshotanu, flees away in fear; the long-handed

Bushyasta flees away in fear; all the Daevas unseen and the Varenya

fiends flee away in fear.

135. 'Oh! may we never fall across the rush of Mithra, the lord

of wide pastures, when in anger! May Mithra, the lord of wide

pastures, never smite us in his anger; he who stands up upon this

earth as the strongest of all gods, the most valiant of all gods,

the most energetic of all gods, the swiftest of all gods, the

most fiend-smiting of all gods, he, Mithra, the lord of wide pastures.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[32]]

136. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'For whom white stallions, yoked to his chariot, draw it, on one

golden wheel, with a full shining axle.

137. 'If Mithra takes his libations to his own dwelling, "Happy

that man, I think," - said Ahura Mazda,- "O holy Zarathra!

for whom a holy priest, as pious as any in the world, who is the

Word incarnate, offers up a sacrifice unto Mithra with bundles

of baresma and with the [proper] words.

'"Straight to that man, I think, will Mithra come, to visit

his dwelling,

138. '"When Mithra's boons will come to him, as he follows

God's teaching, and thinks according to God's teaching.

'"Woe to that man, I think," - said Ahura Mazda, - "O

holy Zarathushtra! for whom an unholy priest, not pious, who is

not the Word incarnate, stands behind the baresma, however full

may be the bundles of baresma he ties, however long may be the

sacrifice he performs."

139. 'He does not delight Ahura Mazda, nor the other Amesha-Spentas,

nor Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, he who thus scorns Mazda,

and the other Amesha-Spentas, and Mithra, the lord of wide pastures,

and the Law, and Rashnu, and Arstat, who makes the world grow,

who makes the world increase.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[33]]

140. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake.

'I will offer up a sacrifice unto the good Mithra, O Spitama!

unto the strong, heavenly god, who is foremost, highly merciful,

and peerless; whose house is above, a stout and strong warrior;

141. 'Victorious and armed with a well-fashioned weapon, watchful

in darkness and undeceivable. He is the stoutest of the stoutest,

he is the strongest of the strongest, he is the most intelligent

of the gods, he is victorious and endowed with Glory: he, of the

ten thousand eyes, of the ten thousand spies, the powerful, all-knowing,

undeceivable god.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[34]]

142. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, ....

sleepless, and ever awake;

'Who, with his manifold knowledge, powerfully increases the creation

of Spenta Mainyu, and is a well-created and most great Yazata,

self-shining like the moon, when he makes his own body shine;

143. 'Whose face is flashing with light like the face of the star

Tistrya; whose chariot is embraced by that goddess who is foremost

amongst those who have no deceit in them, O Spitama! who is fairer

than any creature in the world, and full of light to shine. I

will worship that chariot, wrought by the Maker, Ahura Mazda,

inlaid with stars and made of a heavenly substance; (the chariot)

of Mithra, who has ten thousand spies, the powerful, all-knowing,

undeceivable god.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer him a sacrifice worth

being heard....
[[35]]

144. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, who

is truth-speaking, a chief in assemblies, with a thousand ears,

well-shapen, with a thousand eyes, high, with full knowledge,

strong, sleepless, and ever awake.
'We sacrifice unto the Mithra around countries;
'We sacrifice unto the Mithra within countries;
'We sacrifice unto the Mithra in this country;
'We sacrifice unto the Mithra above countries;
'We sacrifice unto the Mithra under countries;
'We sacrifice unto the Mithra before countries;
'We sacrifice unto the Mithra behind countries.

145. 'We sacrifice unto Mithra and Ahura, the two great, imperishable,

holy gods; and unto the stars, and the moon, and the sun, with

the trees that yield up baresma. We sacrifice unto Mithra, the

lord of all countries.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard, namely, unto Mithra, the lord of wide pastures.

'Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

'I bless the sacrifice and p yer, and the strength and vigour

of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, who has a thousand ears,

ten thousand eyes, a Yazata invoked by his own name; and that

of Rama Hvastra.
'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

'[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, .... give him the

bright, all-happy, blissful abode of the holy Ones!'

11. Srosh Yasht Hadokht yt11sbe
-----------------------
11. SROSH YASHT HADHOKHT.

Translated by James Darmesteter (From Sacred Books of the

East, American Edition, 1898.)
0
May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness....

Unto the holy, strong Sraosha, who is the incarnate Word, a mighty-speared

and lordly god,

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

[[1]]
1

We sacrifice unto the holy, tall-formed, fiend-smiting Sraosha,

who makes the world increase, the holy and master of holiness.

Good prayer, excellent prayer to the worlds, O Zarathushtra!

2

This it is that takes away the friendship of the fiend and

fiends, of the he-fiend and of the she-fiend; it turns away in

giddiness their eyes, minds, ears, hands, feet, mouths, and tongues;

as good prayer, without deceit and without harm, is Manly Courage,

and turns away the Druj.
3

The holy Sraosha, the best protector ofthe poor, is fiend-smiting;

he is the best smiter of the Druj.

The faithful one who pronounces most words of blessing is the

most victorious in victory; the Mathra Spenta takes best the unseen

Druj way. The Ahuna Vairya is the best fiend-smiter among all

spells; the word of truth is the fighter that is the best of all

fiend-smiters.

The Law of the worshippers of Mazda is the truest giver of all

the good things of all those that are the offspring of the good

principle; and so is the Law of Zarathushtra.
4

And he who should pronounce that word, O Zarathushtra! either

a man or a woman with a mind all intent on holiness, with words

all intent on holiness, with deeds all intent on holiness, when

he is in fear either of high waters or of the darkness of a rainy

night;

Or at the fords of a river, or at the branching-off of roads;

Or in the meeting together of the faithful, or the rushing together

of the worshippers of the Daevas;
5

Whether on the road or in the law he has to fear, not in that

day nor in that night shall the tormenting fiend, who wants to

torment him, prevail to throw upon him the look of his evil eye,

and the malice of the thief who carries off cattle shall not reach

him.
6

Pronounce then that word, O Zarathushtra! that word to be

spoken, when thou fall upon the idolaters and thieves and Daevas

rushing together. Then the malice of the wicked worshippers of

the Daevas, of the Yatus and their followers, of the Pairikas

and their followers, will be affrighted and rush away. Down are

the Daevas! Down are the Daeva-worshippers, and they take back

their mouths from biting.
7

And therefore we take around us the holy-natured Sraosha,

the holy, the fiend-smiter, as one does with shepherds' dogs;

therefore we sacrifice unto the holy-natured Sraosha, the holy,

the fiend-smiter, with good thoughts, good words, and good deeds.

8

For his brightness and glory, for his strength and victorious

power, for his offering sacrifices unto the gods, I will offer

him a sacrifice worth being heard. I will offer up libations unto

the holy Sraosha, unto the great Ashi Vanguhi, and unto Nairyo-sangha,

the tall-formed.

So may the holy Sraosha, the fiend-smiter, come to us for help!

9

We worship the holy Sraosha; we worship the great master,

Ahura Mazda, who is supreme in holiness, who is the foremost to

do deeds of holiness.

We worship all the words of Zarathushtra, and all the good deeds,

those done and those to be done.

Yenhe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....

[[2]]
10

We sacrifice unto the holy, tall-formed fiend-smiting Sraosha,

who makes the world increase, the holy and master of holiness

;

Who strikes the evil-doing man, who strikes the evil-doing woman;

who smites the fiendish Druj, and is most strong and world-destroying;

who maintains and looks over all this moving world;

11

Who, never sleeping, wakefully guards the creation of Mazda;

who, never sleeping, wakefully maintains the creation of Mazda;

who protects all the material world with his club uplifted, from

the hour when the sun is down;
12

Who never more did enjoy sleep from the time when the two

Spirits made the world, namely, the good Spirit and the evil One;

who every day, every night, fights with the Mazainya Daevas.

13

He bows not for fear and fright before the Daevas: before

him all the Daevas bow for fear and fright reluctantly, and rush

away to darkness.

For his brightness and glory, for his strength and victorious

power....
[[3]]
14

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

We sacrifice unto the holy, tall-formed, fiend-smiting Sraosha,

who makes the world increase, the holy and master of holiness;

Who with peace and friendship watches the Druj and the most beneficent

Spirit: so that the Amesha-Spentas may go along the seven Karshvares

of the earth; who is the teacher of the Law: he himself was taught

it by Ahura Mazda, the holy One.

For his brightness and glory, for his strength and victorious

power....
[[4]]
15

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

We sacrifice unto the holy, tall-formed, fiend-smiting Sraosha,

who makes the world increase, the holy and master of holiness;

Whom the holy Ahura Mazda has created to withstand Aeshma, the

fiend of the wounding spear; we sacrifice unto Peace, whose breath

is friendly, and unto the two withstanders of sin and guilt,

16
The friends of the holy Sraosha;
The friends of Rashnu Razista;

The friends of the good Law of the worshippers of Mazda;

The friends of Arstat, who makes the world grow, who makes the

world increase, who makes the world prosper;
The friends of Ashi Vanguhi;
The friends of the good Chisti;
The friends of the most right Chista;
17
The friends of all gods;
The friends of the Mathra Spenta;
The friends of the fiend-destrqying Law;
The friends of the long-traditional teaching;
The friends of the Amesha-Spentas;

The friends of ourselves, the Saoshyants, the two-footed part

of the holy creation;
The friends of all the beings of the holy world.

For his brightness and glory, for his strength and victorious

power....
[[5]]
18

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of tbe Lord is the law of holiness....

We sacrifice unto the holy, tall-formed, fiend-smiting Sraosha,

who makes the world increase, the holy and master of holiness;

The first [Sraosha], the next, the middle, and the highest; with

the first sacrifice, with the next, with the middle, and with

the highest. We sacrifice unto all [the moments] of the holy and

strong Sraosha, who is the incarnate Word;
19

The strong Sraosha, of the manly courage, the warrior of the

strong arms, who breaks the skulls of the Daevas; who smites with

heavy blows and is strong to smite; the holy Sraosha, who smites

with heavy blows; we sacrifice unto the crushing Ascendant of

both the holy Sraosha and Arshti.
20

We sacrifice for all the houses protected by Sraosha, where

the holy Sraosha is dear and friendly treated and satisfied, as

well as the faithful man, rich in good thoughts, rich in good

words, rich in good deeds.
21
We sacrifice unto the body of the holy Sraosha;
We sacrifice unto the body of Rashnu Razishta;

We sacrifice unto the body of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures;

We sacrifice unto the body of the holy wind;

We sacrifice unto the body of the good Law of the worshippers

of Mazda;

We sacrifice unto the body of Arshtat, who makes the world grow,

who makes the world increase, who makes the world prosper;

We sacrifice unto the body of Ashi Vanguhi;
We sacrifice unto the body of the good Chisti;

We sacrifice unto the body of the most right Chista;

We sacrifice unto the bodies of all the gods;
22
We sacrifice unto the body of the Mathra Spenta;

We sacrifice unto the body of the fiend-destroying Law;

We sacrifice unto the body of the long-traditional teaching;

We sacrifice unto the bodies of the Amesha-Spentas;

We sacrifice unto the bodies of ourselves, the Saoshyants, the

two-footed part of the holy creation;

We sacrifice unto the bodies of all the beings of the holy world.

For his brightness and glory, for his strength and victorious

power....
23

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

I bless the sacrifice and prayer, the strength and vigour of the

holy, strong Sraosha, who is the incarnate Word, a mighty-speared

and lordly god

[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, ... give him the bright,

all-happy, blissful abode of the holy Ones!
11a. Srosh Yasht
----------------
(See Yasna, chapter 57)
12. Rashn Yasht yt12sbe
---------------
12. RASHN YASHT.
0.
May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness.

Unto Rashnu Razishta; unto Arshtat, who makes the world grow,

who makes the world increase; unto the true-spoken speech, that

makes the world grow;

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

[[1]]
1.

The holy (Zarathushtra) asked him: 'O holy Ahura Mazda! I

ask thee; answer me with words of truth, thou who knowest the

truth. Thou art undeceivable, thou hast an undeceivable understanding;

thou art undeceivable, as thou knowest everything.

'What of the Holy Word is created true? what is created progress-making?

what is fit to discern? what is healthful? what is wise? what

is happy and more powerful to destroy than all other creatures?'

2.

Ahura Mazda answered: 'I will declare that unto thee, O pure,

holy Spitama!

'The most glorious Holy Word (itself), this is what in the Holy

Word is created true, what is created progress making, what is

fit to discern, what is healthful, wise, and happy, what is more

powerful to destroy than all other creatures.'
3.

Ahura Mazda said: 'Bind up a three-twigged baresma against

the way of the sun. [Address] unto me, Ahura Mazda, these words:

"We invoke, we bless [Ahura]; I invoke the friendship [of

Ahura] towards this var (ordeal) prepared, towards the fire and

the baresma, towards the full boiling [milk], towards the var

of oil and the sap of the plants."
4.

'Then I, Ahura Mazda, shall come for help unto thee, towards

this var prepared, towards the fire and the baresma, towards the

full boiling [milk], towards the var of oil and the sap of the

plants;

'Along with the fiend-smiting Wind, along with the cursing thought

of the wise, along with the kingly Glory, along with Saoka, made

by Mazda.
5.

'We invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong; I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared, towards the fire and the baresma, towards

the full boiling [milk], towards the var of oil and the sap of:

the plants.
6.

'Then Rashnu the tall, the strong, will come for help unto

thee, towards this var prepared, towards the fire and the baresma,

towards the full boiling [milk], towards the var of oil and the

sap of the plants:

'Along with the fiend-smiting Wind, along with the cursing thought

of the wise, along with the kingly Glory, along with Saoka, made

by Mazda.
7.

'O thou, holy Rashnu! O most true Rashnu! most beneficent

Rashnu! most knowing Rashnu! most discerning Rashnu I most fore-knowing

Rashnu! most far-seeing Rashnu I Rashnu, the best doer of justice!

Rashnu, the best smiter of thieves;
8.

'The uninjured, the best killer, smiter, destroyer of thieves

and bandits! in whatever part of the world thou art watching the

doings of men and making the account... (obscure).

[[2]]
9.

'Whether thou, O hoIy Rashnu! art in the Karshvare Arezahi,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared .... in whatever part of the world thou

art.
[[3]]
10.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the Karshvare Savahi,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu. I invoke his friendship towards this

var prepared ... in whatever part of the world thou art.

[[4]]
11.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the Karshvare Fradadhafshu,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared .... in whatever part of the world thou

art.
[[5]]
12.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the Karshvare Vidadhafshu,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared .... in whatever part of the world thou

art.
[[6]]
13.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the Karshvare Vouru-bareshti,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared .... in whatever part of the world thou

art.
[[7]]

14. ' Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the Karshvare Vouru-jareshti,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared .... in whatever part of the world thou

art.
[[8]]
15.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in this Karshvare, the bright

Hvaniratha, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his

friendship towards this var prepared .... in whatever part of

the world thou art.
[[9]]
16.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the sea Vouru-Kasha,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared .... in whatever part of the world thou

art.
[[10]]
17.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art on the tree of the eagle,

that stands in the middle of the sea Vouru-Kasha, that is called

the tree of good remedies, the tree of powerful remedies, the

tree of all remedies, and on which rest the seeds of all plants;

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[11]]
18.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art on the Aodhas of the Rangha,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[12]]
19.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art on the Sanaka of the Rangha,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[13]]
20.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art at one of the angles of

this earth, we invoke we bless Rashnu. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[14]]
21.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art at the boundary of this

earth, we invoke, we bless Rashnu. I invoke his friendship towards

this var prepared....
[[15]]
22.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in any place of this earth,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu. I invoke his friendship towards this

var prepared....
[[16]]
23.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art on the Hara Berezaiti, the

bright mountain around which the many (stars) revolve, where come

neither night nor darkness, no cold wind and no hot wind, no deathful

sickness, no uncleanness made by the Daevas, and the clouds cannot

reach up unto the Haraiti Bareza; we invoke, we bless Rashnu.

I invoke his friendship towards this var prepared....

[[17]]
24.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art upon the highest Hukairya,

of the deep precipices, made of gold, where from this river of

mine, Ardvi Sura Anahita, leaps from a thousand times the height

of a man, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his

friendship towards this var prepared....
[[18]]
25.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art upon the Taera of the height

Haraiti, around which the stars, the moon, and the sun revolve,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[19]]
26.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the star Vanant, made

by Mazda, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his

friendship towards this var prepared....
[[20]]
27.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the bright and glorious

star Tishtrya, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke

his friendship towards the var prepared....
[[21]]
28.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the group of the Haptoiringa

stars, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[22]]
29.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in those stars that have

the seed of the waters in them, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the

strong. I invoke his friendship towards this var prepared....

[[23]]
30.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in those stars that have

the seed of the earth in them, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the

strong. I invoke his friendship towards this var prepared....

[[24]]
31.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in those stars that have

the seed of the plants in them, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the

strong. I invoke his friendship towards this var prepared....

[[25]]
32.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the stars that belong

to the Good Spirit, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I

invoke his friendship towards this var prepared....

[[26]]
33.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the moon which has the

seed of the Bull in it, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong.

I invoke his friendship towards this var prepared....

[[27]]
34.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the swift-horsed sun,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[28]]
35.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the sovereign endless

Light, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[29]]
36.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the bright, all-happy,

blissful abode of the holy Ones, we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the

strong. I invoke his friendship towards this var prepared....

[[30]]
37.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art in the shining Garo-demana,

we invoke, we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship

towards this var prepared....
[[31]]
38.

'Whether thou, O holy Rashnu! art, ... (obscure) we invoke,

we bless Rashnu, the strong. I invoke his friendship towards this

var prepared....
39.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....

'Yenhe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....

40.

'Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

'I bless the sacrifice and prayer, and the strength and vigour

of Rashnu Razishta; of Arshtat, who makes the world grow, who

makes the world increase; and of the true-spoken speech that makes

the world grow.
'Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

'[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, give him health of

body, .... give him the bright, all-happy, blissful abode of the

holy Ones.'
13. Frawardin Yasht yt13sbe
-------------------
13. FRAWARDIN YASHT

Translated by James Darmesteter (From Sacred Books of the East,

American Edition, 1898.)
0.
May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!....
Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto [Havani],

the holy and master of holiness.

Unto the awful, overpowering Fravashis of the faithful; unto the

Fravashis of the men of the primitive law; unto the Fravashis

of the next-of-kin,

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

1.

Ahura Mazda spake unto Spitama Zarathushtra, saying: 'Do thou

proclaim, O pure Zarathushtra! the vigour and strength, the glory,

the help and the joy that are in the Fravashis of the faithful,

the awful and overpowering Fravashis; do thou tell how they come

to help me, how they bring assistance unto me, the awful Fravashis

of the faithful.
2.

'Through their brightness and glory, O Zarathushtra! I maintain

that sky, there above, shining and seen afar, and encompassing

this earth all around.
3.

'It looks like a palace, that stands built of a heavenly substance,

firmly established, with ends that lie afar, shining in its body

of ruby over the three-thirds (of the earth)"; it is like

a garment inlaid with stars, made of a heavenly substance, that

Mazda puts on, along with Mithra and Rashnu and Spenta-Armaiti,

and on no side can the eye perceive the end of it.

4.

'Through their brightness and glory, O Zarathushtra! I maintain

Ardvi Sura Anahita, the wide-expanding and health-giving, who

hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura who is worthy of

sacrifice in the material world, worthy of prayer in the material

world, the life-increasing and holy, the flocks-increasing and

holy, the fold-increasing and holy, the wealth increasing and

holy, the country increasing and holy;
5.

'Who makes the seed of all males pure, who makes the womb

of all females pure for bringing forth, who makes all females

bring forth in safety, who puts milk in the breasts of all females

in the right measure and the right quality;
6.

'The large river, known afar, that is as large as the whole

of all the waters that run along the earth; that runs powerfully

from the height Hukairya down to the sea Vouru-kasha.

7.

'All the shores of the sea Vouru-kasha are boiling over, all

the middle of it is boiling over, when she runs down there, when

she streams down there, she, Ardvi Sura Anahita, who has a thousand

cells and a thousand channels; the extent of each of those cells,

of each of those channels, is as much as a man can ride in forty

days, riding on a good horse.
8.

'From this river of mine alone flow all the waters that spread

all over the seven Karshvares; this river of mine alone goes on

bringing waters, both in summer and in winter. This river of mine

purifies the seed in males, the womb in females, the milk in females'

breasts.
9.

'Through their brightness and glory, O Zarathushtra! I maintain

the wide earth made by Ahura, the large and broad earth, that

bears so much that is fine, that bears all the bodily world, the

live and the dead, and the high mountains, rich in pastures and

waters;
10.

'Upon which run the many streams and rivers; upon which the

many kinds of plants grow up from the ground, to nourish animals

and men, to nourish the Aryan nations, to nourish the five kinds

of animals, and to help the faithful.
11.

'Through their brightness and glory, O Zarathushtra! I maintain

in the womb the child that has been conceived, so that it does

not die from the assaults of Vidotu, and I develop in it the bones,

the hair, the ..., the entrails, the feet, and the sexual organs.

12.

'Had not the awful Fravashis of the faithful given help unto

me, those animals and men of mine, of which there are such excellent

kinds, would not subsist; strength would belong to the Druj, the

dominion would belong to the Druj, the material world would belong

to the Druj.
13.

'Between the earth and the sky the immaterial creatures would

be harassed by the Druj; between the earth and the sky the immaterial

creatures would be smitten by the Druj; and never afterwards would

Angra-Mainyu give way to the blows of Spenta-Mainyu.

14.

'Through their brightness and glory the waters run and flow

forward from the never-failing springs; through their brightness

and glory the plants grow up from the earth, by the never-failing

springs; through their brightness and glory the winds blow, driving

down the clouds towards the never-failing springs.

15.

'Through their brightness and glory the females conceive offspring;

through their brightness and glory they bring forth in safety;

it is through their brightness and glory when they become blessed

with children.
16.

'Through their brightness and glory a man is born who is a

chief in assemblies and meetings, who listens well to the (holy)

words, whom Wisdom holds dear, and who returns a victor from discussions

with Gaotema, the heretic.

'Through their brightness and glory the sun goes his way; through

their brightness and glory the moon goes her way; through their

brightness and glory the stars go their way.
17.

'In fearful battles they are the wisest for help, the Fravashis

of the faithful.

'The most powerful amongst the Fravashis of the faithful, O Spitama!

are those of the men of the primitive law or those of the Saoshyants

not yet born, who are to restore the world. Of the others, the

Fravashis of the living faithful are more powerful, O Zarathushtra!

than those of the dead, O Spitama!
18.

'And the man who in life shall treat the Fravashis of the

faithful well, will become a ruler of the country with full power,

and a chief most strong; so shall any man of you become, who shall

treat Mithra well, the lord of wide pastures, and Arshtat, who

makes the world grow, who makes the world increase.

19.

'Thus do I proclaim unto thee, O pure Spitama! the vigour

and strength, the glory, the help, and the joy that are in the

Fravashis of the faithful, the awful and overpowering Fravashis;

and how they come to help me, how they bring assistance unto me,

the awful Fravashis of the faithful.'
[[2]]
20.

Ahura Mazda spake unto Spitama Zarathushtra, saying: 'If in

this material world, O Spitama Zarathushtra! thou happenest to

come upon frightful roads, full of dangers and fears, O Zarathushtra!

and thou fearest for thyself, then do thou recite these words,

then proclaim these fiend-smiting words, O Zarathushtra!

21.

'"I praise, I invoke, I meditate upon, and we sacrifice

unto the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful. We

worship the Fravashis of the masters of the houses, those of the

lords of the boroughs, those of the lords of the towns, those

of the lords of the countries, those of the Zarathustrotemas;

the Fravashis of those that are, the Fravashis of those that have

been, the Fravashis of those that will be; all the Fravashis of

all nations, and most friendly the Fravashis of the friendly nations;

22.

'"Who maintain the sky, who maintain the waters, who

maintain the earth, who maintain the cattle, who maintain in the

womb the child that has been conceived, so that it does not die

from the assaults of Vidotu, and develop in it the bones, the

hair, the ...., the entrails, the feet, and the sexual organs;

23.

'"Who are much-bringing, who move with awfulness, well-moving,

swiftly moving, quickly moving, who move when invoked; who are

to be invoked in the conquest of good, who are to be invoked in

fights against foes, who are to be invoked in battles;

24.

'"Who give victory to their invoker, who give boons to

their lover, who give health to the sick man, who give good Glory

to the faithful man that brings libations and invokes them with

a sacrifice and words of propitiation,
25.

'"Who turn to that side where are faithful men, most

devoted to holiness, and where is the greatest piety, where the

faithful man is rejoiced, and where the faithful man is not ill-treated."'

[[3]]
26.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who are the mightiest of drivers, the lightest of those driving

forwards, the slowest of the retiring, the safest of all bridges,

the least-erring of all weapons and arms, and who never turn their

backs.
27.

At once, wherever they come, we worship them, the good ones,

the excellent ones, the good, the strong, the beneficent Fravashis

of the faithful. They are to be invoked when the bundles of baresma

are tied; they are to be invoked in fights against foes, in battles,

and there where gallant men strive to conquer foes.

28.

Mazda invoked them for help, when he fixed the sky and the

waters and the earth and the plants; when Spenta-Mainyu fixed

the sky, when he fixed the waters, when the earth, when the cattle,

when the plants, when the child conceived in the womb, so that

it should not die from the assaults of Vidotu, and developed in

it the bones, the hair, the ...., the entrails, the feet, and

the sexual organs.
29.

Spenta-Mainyu maintained the sky, and they sustained it from

below, they, the strong Fravashis, who sit in silence, gazing

with sharp looks; whose eyes and ears are powerful, who bring

long joy, high and high-girded; well-moving and moving afar, loud-snorting,

possessing riches and a high renown.
[[4]]
30.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful;

whose friendship is good, and who know how to benefit; whose friendship

lasts long; who like to stay in the abode where they are not harmed

by its dwellers; who are good, beautiful afar, health-giving,

of high renown, conquering in battle, and who never do harm first.

[[5]]
31.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful;

whose will is dreadful unto those who vex them; powerfully working

and most beneficent; who in battle break the dread arms of their

foes and haters.
[[6]]
32.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful;

liberal, valiant, and full of strength, not to be seized by thought,

welfare-giving, kind, and health-giving, following with Ashi's

remedies, as far as the earth extends, as the rivers stretch,

as the sun rises.
[[7]]
33.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who gallantly and bravely fight, causing havoc, wounding, breaking

to pieces all the malice of the malicious, Daevas and men, and

smiting powerfully in battle, at their wish and will.

34.

You kindly deliver the Victory made by Ahura, and the crushing

Ascendant, most beneficently, to those countries where you, the

good ones, unharmed and rejoiced, unoppressed and unoffended,

have been held worthy of sacrifice and prayer, and proceed the

way of your wish.
[[8]]
35.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

of high renown, smiting in battle, most strong, shield-bearing

and harmless to those who are true, whom both the pursuing and

the fleeing invoke for help: the pursuer invokes them for a swift

race, and for a swift race does the fleer invoke them;

36.

Who turn to that side where are faithful men, most devoted

to holiness, and where is the greatest piety, where the faithful

man is rejoiced, and where the faithful man is not ill-treated.

[[9]]
37.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who form many battalions, girded with weapons, lifting up spears,

and full of sheen; who in fearful battles come rushing along where

the gallant heroes go and assail the Danus.
38.

There you destroy the victorious strength of the Turanian

Danus; there you destroy the malice of the Turanian Danus; through

you the chiefs are of high intellect and most successful; they,

the gallant heroes, the gallant Saoshyants, the gallant conquerors

of the offspring of the Danus chiefs of myriads, who wound with

stones.
[[10]]
39.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who rout the two wings of an army standing in battle array, who

make the centre swerve, and swiftly pursue onwards, to help the

faithful and to distress the doers of evil deeds.
[[11]]
40.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful;

awful, overpowering, and victorious, smiting in battle, sorely

wounding, blowing away (the foes), moving along to and fro, of

good renown, fair of body, godly of soul, and holy; who give victory

to their invoker, who give boons to their lover, who give health

to the sick man;
41.

Who give good glory to him who worships them with a sacrifice,

as that man did worship them, the holy Zarathushtra, the chief

of the material world, the head of the two-footed race, in whatever

struggle he had to enter, in whatever distress he did fear;

42.

Who, when well invoked, enjoy bliss in the heavens; who, when

well invoked, come forward from the heavens, who are the heads

of that sky above, possessing the well-shapen Strength, the Victory

made by Ahura, the crushing Ascendant, and Welfare, the wealth-bringing,

boon-bringing, holy, well fed, worthy of sacrifice and prayer

in the perfection of holiness.
43.

They shed Satavaesa between the earth and the sky, him to

whom the waters belong, who listens to appeals and makes the waters

flow and the plants grow up, to nourish animals and men, to nourish

the Aryan nations, to nourish the five kinds of animals and to

help the faithful.
44.

Satavaesa comes down and flows between the earth and the sky,

he to whom the waters belong, who listens to appeals and makes

the waters and the plants grow up, fair, radiant, and full of

light, to nourish animals and men, to nourish the Aryan nations,

to nourish the five kinds of animals, and to help the faithful.

[[12]]
45.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful;

with helms of brass, with weapons of brass, with armour of brass;

who struggle in the fights for victory in garments of light, arraying

the battles and bringing them forwards, to kill thousands of Daevas.

When the wind blows from behind them and brings their breath unto

men,
46.

Then men know where blows the breath of victory: and they

pay pious homage unto the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of

the faithful, with their hearts prepared and their arms uplifted.

47.

Whichever side they have been first worshipped in the fulness

of faith of a devoted heart, to that side turn the awful Fravashis

of the faithful, along with Mithra and Rashnu and the awful cursing

thought of the wise and the victorious wind.
48.

And those nations are smitten at one stroke by their fifties

and their hundreds, by their hundreds and their thousands, by

their thousands and their tens of thousands, by their tens of

thousands and their myriads of myriads, against which turn the

awful Fravashis of the faithful, along with Mithra and Rashnu,

and the awful cursing thought of the wise and the victorious wind.

[[13]]
49.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who come and go through the borough at the time of the Hamaspathmaidyem;

they go along there for ten nights, asking thus:
50.

'Who will praise us? Who will offer us a sacrifice? Who will

meditate upon us? Who will bless us? Who will receive us with

meat and clothes in his hand and with a prayer worthy of bliss?

Of which of us will the name be taken for invocation? Of which

of you will the soul be worshipped by you with a sacrifice? To

whom will this gift of ours be given, that he may have never-failing

food for ever and ever?'
51.

And the man who offers them up a sacrifice, with meat and

clothes in his hand, with a prayer worthy of bliss, the awful

Fravashis of the faithful, satisfied, unharmed, and unoffended,

bless thus:
52.

'May there be in this house flocks of animals and men! May

there be a swift horse and a solid chariot! May there be a man

who knows how to praise God and rule in an assembly, who will

offer us sacrifices with meat and clothes in his hand, and with

a prayer worthy of bliss.'
[[14]]
53.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who show beautiful paths to the waters, made by Mazda, which had

stood before for a long time in the same place without flowing:

54.

And now they flow along the path made by Mazda, along the

way made by the gods, the watery way appointed to them, at the

wish of Ahura Mazda, at the wish of the Amesha-Spentas.

[[15]]
55.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who show a beautiful growth to the fertile plants, which had stood

before for a long time in the same place without growing;

56.

And now they grow up along the path made by Mazda, along the

way made by the gods, in the time appointed to them, at the wish

of Ahura Mazda, at the wish of the Amesha-Spentas.

[[16]]
57.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who showed their paths to the stars, the moon, the sun, and the

endless lights, that had stood before for a long time in the same

place, without moving forwards, through the oppression of the

Daevas and the assaults of the Daevas.
58.

And now they move around in their far-revolving circle for

ever, till they come to the time of the good restoration of the

world.
[[17]]
59.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who watch over the bright sea Vouru-Kasha, to the number of ninety

thousand, and nine thousand, and nine hundred, and ninety-nine.

[[18]]
60.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who watch over the stars Haptoiringa, to the number of ninety

thousand, and nine thousand, and nine hundred, and ninety-nine.

[[19]]
61.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who watch over the body of Keresaspa, the son of Sama, the club-bearer

with plaited hair, to the number of ninety thousand, and nine

thousand, and nine hundred, and ninety-nine.
[[20]]
62.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who watch over the seed of the holy Zarathushtra, to the number

of ninety thousand, and nine thousand, and nine hundred, and ninety-nine.

[[21]]
63.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who fight at the right hand of the reigning lord, if he rejoices

the faithful and if the awful Fravashis of the faithful are not

hurt by him, if they are rejoiced by him, unharmed and unoffended.

[[22]]
64.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who are greater, who are stronger, who are swifter, who are more

powerful, who are more victorious, who are more healing, who are

more effective than can be expressed by words; who run by tens

of thousands into the midst of the Myazdas.
65.

And when the waters come up from the sea Vouru-Kasha, O Spitama

Zarathushtra! along with the Glory made by Mazda, then forwards

come the awful Fravashis of the faithful, many and many hundreds,

many and many thousands, many and many tens of thousands,

66.

Seeking water for their own kindred, for their own borough,

for their own town, for their own country, and saying thus: 'May

our own country have a good store and full joy!'
67.

They fight in the battles that are fought in their own place

and land, each according to the place and house where he dwelt

(of yore): they look like a gallant warrior who, girded up and

watchful, fights for the hoard he has treasured up.

68.

And those of them who win bring waters to their own kindred,

to their own borough, to their own town, to their own country,

saying thus: 'May my country grow and increase!'
69.

And when the all-powerful sovereign of a country has been

surprised by his foes and haters, he invokes them, the awful Fravashis

of the faithful.
70.

And they come to his help, if they have not been hurt by him,

if they have been rejoiced by him, if they have not been harmed

nor offended, the awful Fravashis of the faithful: they come flying

unto him, it seems as if they were well-winged birds.

71.

They come in as a weapon and as a shield, to keep him behind

and to keep him in front, from the Druj unseen, from the female

Varenya fiend, from the evil-doer bent on mischief, and from that

fiend who is all death, Angra Mainyu. It will be as if there were

a thousand men watching over one man;
72.

So that neither the sword well-thrust, neither the club well-falling,

nor the arrow well-shot, nor the spear well-darted, nor the stones

flung from the arm shall destroy him.
73.

They come on this side, they come on that side, never resting,

the good, powerful, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful, asking

for help thus: 'Who will praise us? Who will offer us a sacrifice?

Who will meditate upon us? Who will bless us? Who will receive

us with meat and clothes in his hand and with a prayer worthy

of bliss? Of which of us will the name be taken for invocation?

Of which of you will the soul be worshipped by you with a sacrifice?

To whom will that gift of ours be given, that he may have never-failing

food for ever and ever?'
74.

We worship the perception; we worship the intellect; we worship

the conscience; we worship those of the Saoshyants;

We worship the souls; those of the tame animals; those of the

wild animals; those of the animals that live in the waters; those

of the animals that live under the ground; those of the flying

ones; those of the running ones; those of the grazing ones.

We worship their Fravashis.
75.
We worship the Fravashis.
We worship them, the liberal;

We worship them, the valiant; we worship them, the most valiant;

We worship them, the beneficent; we worship them, the most beneficent;

We worship them, the powerful;
We worship them, the most strong;

We worship them, the light; we worship them, the most light;

We worship them, the effective; we worship them, the most effective.

76.

They are the most effective amongst the creatures of the two

Spirits, they the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful,

who stood holding fast when the two Spirits created the world,

the Good Spirit and the Evil One.
77.

When Angra Mainyu broke into the creation of the good holiness,

then came in across Vohu Mano and Atar.
78.

They destroyed the malice of the fiend Angra Mainyu, so that

the waters did not stop flowing nor did the plants stop growing;

but at once the most beneficent waters of the creator and ruler,

Ahura Mazda, flowed forward and his plants went on growing.

79.
We worship all the waters;
We worship all the plants;

We worship all the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful.

We worship the waters by their names;
We worship the plants by their names;

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the faithful

by their names.
80.

Of all those ancient Fravashis, we worship the Fravashi of

Ahura Mazda; who is the greatest, the best, the fairest, the most

solid, the wisest, the finest of body and supreme in holiness;

81.

Whose soul is the Mathra Spenta, who is white, shining, seen

afar; and we worship the beautiful forms, the active forms wherewith

he clothes the Amesha-Spentas; we worship the swift-horsed sun.

[[23]]
82.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis of the Amesha-Spentas,

the bright ones, whose looks perform what they wish, the tall,

quickly coming to do, strong, and lordly, who are undecaying and

holy;
83.

Who are all seven of one thought, who are all seven of one

speech, who are all seven of one deed; whose thought is the same,

whose speech is the same, whose deed is the same, whose father

and commander is the same, namely, the Maker, Ahura Mazda;

84.

Who see one another's soul thinking of good thoughts, thinking

of good words, thinking of good deeds, thinking of Garo-nmana,

and whose ways are shining as they go down towards the libations.

[[24]]
85.

We worship the good, strong, beneficent Fravashis: that of

the most rejoicing fire, the beneficent and assembly-making; and

that of the holy, strong Sraosha, who is the incarnate Word, a

mighty-speared and lordly god; and that of Nairyo-sangha.

86.
And that of Rashnu Razishta;
That of Mithra, the lord of wide pastures;
That of the Mathra-Spenta;
That of the sky;
That of the waters;
That of the earth;
That of the plants;
That of the Bull;
That of the living man;
That of the holy creation.
87.

We worship the Fravashi of Gaya Maretan, who first listened

unto the thought and teaching of Ahura Mazda; of whom Ahura formed

the race of the Aryan nations, the seed of the Aryan nations.

We worship the piety and the Fravashi of the holy Zarathushtra;

88.

Who first thought what is good, who first spoke what is good,

who first did what is good; who was the first Priest, the first

Warrior, the first Plougher of the ground; who first knew and

first taught; who first possessed and first took possession of

the Bull, of Holiness, of the Word, the obedience to the Word,

and dominion, and all the good things made by Mazda, that are

the offspring of the good Principle;
89.

Who was the first Priest, the first Warrior, the first Plougher

of the ground; who first took the turning of the wheel from the

hands of the Daeva and of the cold-hearted man; who first in the

material world pronounced the praise of Asha, thus bringing the

Daevas to naught, and confessed himself a worshipper of Mazda,

a follower of Zarathushtra, one who hates the Daevas, and obeys

the laws of Ahura.
90.

Who first in the material world said the word that destroys

the Daevas, the law of Ahura; who first in the material world

proclaimed the word that destroys the Daevas, the law of Ahura;

who first in the material world declared all the creation of the

Daevas unworthy of sacrifice and prayer; who was strong, giving

all the good things of life, the first bearer of the Law amongst

the nations;
91.

In whom was heard the whole Mathra, the word of holiness;

who was the lord and master of the world, the praiser of the most

great, most good and most fair Asha; who had a revelation of the

Law, that most excellent of all beings;
92.

For whom the Amesha-Spentas longed, in one accord with the

sun, in the fulness of faith of a devoted heart; they longed for

him, as the lord and master of the world, as the praiser of the

most great, most good, and most fair Asha, as having a revelation

of the Law, that most excellent of all beings;
93.

In whose birth and growth the waters and the plants rejoiced;

in whose birth and growth the waters and the plants grew; in whose

birth and growth all the creatures of the good creations cried

out, Hail!
94.

'Hail to us! for he is born, the Athravan, Spitama Zarathushtra.

Zarathushtra will offer us sacrifices with libations and bundles

of baresma; and there will the good Law of the worshippers of

Mazda come and spread through all the seven Karshvares of the

earth.
95.

'There will Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, increase all

the excellences of our countries, and allay their troubles; there

will the powerful Apam-Napat increase all the excellences of our

countries, and allay their troubles.'

We worship the piety and Fravashi of Maidhyo-maungha, the son

of Arasti, who first listened unto the word and teaching of Zarathushtra.

[[25]]
96.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asmo-hvanvant;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asan-hvanvant.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Gavayan.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Parshat-gaush. the son of

Frata;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohvasti, the son of Snaoya;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Isvat, the son of Varaza.

97.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Saena, the son of Ahum-stut,

who first appeared upon this earth with a hundred pupils.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Fradhidaya.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Usmanara, the son of Paeshata.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohu-raochah, the son of Franya;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asho-raochah, the son of Franya;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Varesmo-raochah, the son of

Franya.
98.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Isat-vastra, the son of

Zarathushtra;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Urvatat-nara, the son of Zarathushtra;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvare-chithra, the son of

Zarathushtra.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Daevo-tbis, the son of Takhma.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Thrimithwant, the son of Spitama.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Daungha, the son of Zairita.

99.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy king Vistaspa; the gallant

one, who was the incarnate Word, the mighty-speared, and lordly

one; who, driving the Druj before him, sought wide room for the

holy religion; who, driving the Druj before him, made wide room

for the holy religion, who made himself the arm and support of

this law of Ahura, of this law of Zarathushtra.
100.

Who took her, standing bound, from the hands of the Hunus,

and established her to sit in the middle [of the world], high

ruling, never falling back, holy, nourished with plenty of cattle

and pastures, blessed with plenty of cattle and pastures.

101.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Zairi-vairi;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Yukhta-vairi;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Sriraokhshan;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Keresaokhshan;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vanara;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Varaza;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Bujisravah;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Berezyarshti;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Tizyarshti;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Perethu-arshti;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vizhyarshti.
102.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Naptya;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vazhaspa;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Habaspa.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vistauru, the son of Naotara.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frash-ham-vareta;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frasho-kareta.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-vanu;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-pata;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-data;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-chithra;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-hvarenah;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-savah;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-zantu;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-danghu.
103.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hushkyaothna;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Pishkyaothna;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy and gallant Spento-data.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Basta-vairi;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Kava-razem.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frashaoshtra, the son of Hvova;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Jamaspa, the son of Hvova;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Avaraoshtri.
104.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hushkyaothna, the son

of Frashaoshtra;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvadaena, the son of Frashaoshtra.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hanghaurvaungh, the son of

Jamaspa;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vareshna, the son of Hanghaurvaungh.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohu-nemah, the son of Avaraoshtri,

To withstand evil dreams, to withstand evil visions, to withstand

evil ....(?), to withstand the evil Pairikas.
105.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Mathravaka, the son of

Simaezhi, the Aethrapati, the Hamidhpati, who was able to smite

down most of the evil, unfaithful Ashemaoghas, that shout the

hymns, and acknowledge no lord and no master, the dreadful ones

whose Fravashis are to be broken; to withstand the evil done by

the faithful.
106.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asha-stu, the son of Maidhyo-maungha.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Avarethrabah, the son of Rastare-vaghant.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Bujra, the son of Dazgaraspa.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Zbaurvant;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy and gallant Karesna, the son

of Zbaurvant; who was the incarnate Word, mighty-speared and lordly;

107.

In whose house did walk the good, beautiful, shining Ashi

Vanguhi, in the shape of a maid fair of body, most strong, tall-formed,

high-up girded, pure, nobly born of a glorious seed; who, rushing

to the battle, knew how to make room for himself with his own

arms; who, rushing to the battle, knew how to fight the foe with

his own arms.
108.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Viraspa, the son of Karesna;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Azata, the son of Karesna:

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frayaodha, the son of Karesna.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy and good Arshya; Arshya, the

chief in assemblies, the most energetic of the worshippers of

Mazda.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Darayat-ratha;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frayat-ratha;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Skarayat-ratha.

109.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Arshvant;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vyarshvant;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Paityarshvant.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Amru;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Chamru.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Dratha;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Paiti-dratha;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Paiti-vangha.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frasha-vakhsha.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Nemo-vanghu, the son of Vaedhayangha.

110.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Visadha.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asha-vanghu, the son of Bivandangha;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Jaro-danghu, the son of Pairishtira;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Neremyazdana, the son of Athwyoza.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Berezishnu, the son of Ara;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Kasupatu, the son of Ara.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frya.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy ASTVAT-ERETA.
[[26]]
111.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Gaopi-vanghu.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy and gallant Ham-baretar vanghvam.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Staotar-Vahishtahe-Ashyehe.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Pouru-dhakhshti, the son of

Khshtavaenya;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Khshoi-wraspa, the son of

Khshtavaenya.
112.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ayo-asti, the son of Pouru-dhakhshti;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohv-asti, the son of Pount-dhakhshti;

We-worship the Fravashi of the holy Gaya-dhasti, the son of Pouru-dhakhshti;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asha-vazdah, the son of Pouru-dhakhshti;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Urudhu, the son of Pouru-dhakhshti.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Khshathro-chinah, the son

of Khshvoiwraspa.
113.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ashahura, the son of Jishti.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Fraya-zanta;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frenah, the son of Frayazanta;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Jaro-vanghu, the son of Frayazanta.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy Asha-vazdah and Thrita, the

sons of Sayuzhdri.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohu-raochah, the son of Varakasa.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Arejan-ghant, the Turanian.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Usinemah.
114.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Yukhtaspa.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asha-skyaothna, the son of

Gayadhasti.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohu-nemah, the son of Katu;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohu-vazdah, the son of Katu.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asha-saredha, the son of Asha-sairyach;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asha-saredha, the son of Zairyach.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Chakhshni.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Syavaspi.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Pourushti, the son of Kavi.

115.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Varesmapa, the son of

Janara.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Nanarasti, the son of Paeshatah;

We worship the Fravashi of the holv Zarazdati, the son of Paeshatah.

We worship tke Fravashi of the holy Gaevani, the son of Vohu-nemah.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy Arezva and Sruta-spadha

We worship the Fravashis Of the holy Zrayah and Spento-khratu.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Varshni, the son of Vagereza.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frachya, the son of Taurvati.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vahmae-data, the son of Mathravaka,

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ushtra, the son of Sadhanah.

116.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Danghu-sruta;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Danghu-fradhah.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Aspo-padho-makhshti;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Payanghro-makhshti.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ushtazanta.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asha-savah,
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asho-urvatha.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Haomo-hvarenah.

117.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frava.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Usnaka.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvanvant.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Daeno-vazah.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Arejaona.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Aiwi-hvarenah.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Huyazata.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hare-dhaspa.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Pazinah.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvakhshathra.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asho-paoirya,
We worship the Fravashi of the holy ASTVAT-ERETA.
[[27]]
118.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hugau.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Anghuyu.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Gauri;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Yushta, the son of Gauri.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Mazdra-vanghu;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Srira-vanghu.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ayuta.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Suro-yazata.
119.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Eredhwa
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Kavi.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ukhshan, the son of the great

Vidi-sravah, known afar.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vanghu-dhata, the son of Hvadhata;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Uzya, the son of Vanghu-dhata;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frya.
120.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy one whose name is Ashem-yenhe-raochau;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy one whose name is Ashem-yenhe-vereza;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy one whose name is Ashem-yahmai-ushta.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Yoishta, of the Fryana house.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Usmanara, the son of Paeshatah

Paitisrira, to withstand the evil done by one's kindred.

121.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Spiti, the son of Uspasnu;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Erezraspa, the son of Uspasnu.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Usadhan, the son of Mazdayasna.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Fradat-vanghu, the son of

Stivant.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Raochas-chaeshman;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvare-chaeshman

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frasrutara;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Visrutara.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Baremna. We worship the Fravashi

of the holy Visruta.
122.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvaspa;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Chathwaraspa.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Dawra-maeshi.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Fraora-ostra, the son of Kaosha.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frinaspa, the son of Kaeva.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Fradat-nara, the son of Gravaratu.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohu-ushtra, the son of Akhnangha.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vivare-shvant, the son of

Ainyu.
123.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frarazi, the son of Tura.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Stipi, the son of Ravant.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Parshanta, the son of Gandarewa.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Avahya, the son of Spenta.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Aeta, the son of Mayu;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Yaetush-gau, the son of Vyatana.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Garshta, the son of Kavi.

124.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Pouru-bangha, the son

of Zaosha.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohu-data, the son of Kata.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Baungha, the son of Saungha.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy Hvareza and Ankasa.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Aravaoshtra, the son of Erezvat-danghu.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frachithra, the son of Berezvant.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vohu-peresa, the son of Ainyu.

125.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Paro-dasma, the son of

Dashtaghni, a Miza man of the Miza land.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy Fratira and Baeshatastira.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy and pure Avare-gau, the son

of Aoighimatastira.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Gaomant, the son of Zavan,

a Raozhdya man of the Raozhdya land.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Thrit, the son of Aevo-saredha-fyaeshta,

a Tanya man of the Tanya land.
126.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Tiro-nakathwa, of the

Uspaeshta-Saena house.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Utayuti Vit-kavi, the son

of Zighri, of the Saena house;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Frohakafra, the son of Merezishmya,

of the Saena house.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Varesmo-raochah, the son of

Perethu-afzem.
127.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy Asha-nemah and Vidat-gau,

of this country.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy Par-shat-gau and Dazgara-gau,

of the Apakhshira country.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hufra-vakhsh, of the Kahrkana

house.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Akayadha, of the Pidha house.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Jamaspa, the younger.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Maidhyo-maungha, the younger.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Urvatat-nara, the younger.

128.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Raochas-chaeshman;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvare-chaeshman;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Fradat-hvarenah;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Varedat-hvarenah;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vouru-nemah;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vouru-savah;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ukhshyat-ereta;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ukhshyat-nemah;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy ASTVAT-ERETA;
[[28]]
129.

Whose name will be the victorious SAOSHYANT and whose name

will be Astvat-ereta. He will be SAOSHYANT (the Beneficent One),

because he will benefit the whole bodily world; he will be ASTVAT-ERETA

(he who makes the bodily creatures rise up), because as a bodily

creature and as a living creature he will stand against the destruction

of the bodily creatures, to withstand the Druj of the two-footed

brood, to withstand the evil done by the faithful.

[[29]]
130.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Yima, the son of Vivanghant;

the valiant Yima, who had flocks at his wish; to stand against

the oppression caused by the Daevas, against the drought that

destroys pastures, and against death that creeps unseen.

131.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Thraetaona, of the Athwya

house; to stand against itch, hot fever, humours, cold fever,

and incontinency, to stand against the evil done by the Serpent.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Aoshnara, the son of Pouru-jira.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Uzava, the son of Tumaspa.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Aghraeratha, the demi-man.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Manushchithra, the son of

Airyu.
132.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy king Kavata;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy king Aipivanghu;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy king Usadhan;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Arshan;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Pisanah;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy king Byarshan;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy king Syavarshan;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy king Husravah;

133.

For the well-shapened Strength, for the Victory made by Ahura,

for the crushing Ascendant for the righteousness of the law, for

the innocence of the law, for the unconquerable power of the law;

for the extermination of the enemies at one stroke;

134.

And for the vigour of health, for the Glory made by Mazda,

for the health of the body, and for a good, virtuous offspring,

wise, chief in assemblies, bright, and clear-eyed, that frees

[their father] from the pangs [of hell], of good intellect; and

for that part in the blessed world that falls to wisdom and to

those who do not follow impiety;
135.

For a dominion full of splendour, for a long, long life, and

for all boons and remedies; to withstand the Yatus and Pairikas,

the oppressors, the blind, and the deaf; to withstand the evil

done by oppressors.
136.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Keresaspa, the Sama, the

club-bearer with plaited hair; to withstand the dreadful arm and

the hordes with the wide battle array, with the many spears, with

the straight spears, with the spears uplifted, bearing the spears

of havoc; to withstand the dreadful brigand who works destruction,

the man-slayer who has no mercy; to withstand the evil done by

the brigand.
137.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Akhrura, the son of Husravah;

To withstand the wicked one that deceives his friend and the niggard

that causes the destruction of the world.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy and gallant Haoshyangha;

To withstand tke Mazainya Daevas and the Varenya fiends; to withstand

the evil done by the Daevas.
138.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Fradhakhshti, the son

of the jar,

To withstand Aeshma, the fiend of the wounding spear, and the

Daevas that grow through Aeshma; to withstand the evil done by

Aeshma.
[[30]]
139.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvovi.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Freni;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Thriti;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Pouruchista.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hutaosa;
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Huma.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Zairichi.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Vispa-taurvashi.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ushtavaiti.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Tushnamaiti.
140.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Freni, the wife of Usenemah;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Freni, the wife of the son

of Frayazanta;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Freni, the wife of the son

of Khshoiwraspa;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Freni, the wife of Gayadhasti.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Asabani, the wife of Pourudhakhsti.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Ukhshyeinti, the wife of Staotar-Vahishtahe-Ashyehe.

141.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy maid Vadhut.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy maid Jaghrudh.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy maid Franghadh.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy maid Urudhayant.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy maid Paesanghanu.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy Hvaredhi.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Huchithra.
We worship the Fravashi of the holy Kanuka.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy maid Srutat-fedhri.

142.

We worship the Fravashi of the holy maid Vanghu-fedhri;

We worship the Fravashi of the holy maid Eredat-fedhri, who is

called Vispa-taurvairi. She is Vispa-taurvairi (the all-destroying)

because she will bring him forth, who will destroy the malice

of Daevas and men, to withstand the evil done by the Jahi.

143.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy men in the Aryan countries;

We worship the Fravashis of the holy women in the Aryan countries.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy men in the Turanian countries;

We worship the Fravashis of the holy women in the Turanian countries.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy men in the Sairimyan countries;

We worship the Fravashis of the holy women in the Sairimyan countries.

144.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy men in the Sairimyan

countries;

We worship the Fravashis of the holy women in the Saini countries.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy men in the Dahi countries;

We worship the Fravashis of the holy women in the Dahi countries.

We worship the Fravashis of the holy men in all countries;

We worship the Fravashis of the holy women in all countries.

145.

We worship all the good, awful, beneficent Fravashis of the

faithful, from Gaya Mareta down to the victorious Saoshyant. May

the Fravashis of the faithful come quickly to us! May they come

to our help!
146.

They protect us when in distress with manifest assistance,

with the assistance of Ahura Mazda and of the holy, powerful Sraosha,

and with the Mathra-Spenta, the all-knowing, who hates the Daevas

with a mighty hate, a friend of Ahura Mazda, whom Zarathushtra

worshipped so greatly in the material world.
147.

May the good waters and the plants and the Fravashis of the

faithful abide down here! May you be rejoiced and well received

in this house! Here are the Athravans of the countries, thinking

of good holiness. Our hands are lifted up for asking help, and

for offering a sacrifice unto you, O most beneficent Fravashis!

148.

We worship the Fravashis of all the holy men and holy women

whose souls are worthy of sacrifice, whose Fravashis are worthy

of invocation.

We worship the Fravashis of all the holy men and holy women, our

sacrificing to whom makes us good in the eyes of Akura Mazda:

of all of those we have heard that Zarathushtra is the first and

best, as a follower of Ahura and as a performer of the law.

149.

We worship the spirit, conscience, perception, soul, and Fravashi

of men of the primitive law, of the first who listened to the

teaching (of Ahura), holy men and holy women, who struggled for

holiness; we worship the spirit, conscience, perception, soul,

and Fravashi of our next-of-kin, holy men and holy women, who

struggled for holiness.
150.

We worship the men of the primitive law who will be in these

houses, boroughs, towns, and countries;

We worship the men of the primitive law who have been in these

houses, boroughs, towns, and countries;

We worship the men of the primitive law who are in these houses,

boroughs, towns, and countries.
151.

We worship the men of the primitive law in all houses, boroughs,

towns, and countries, who obtained these houses, who obtained

these boroughs, who obtained these towns, who obtained these countries,

who obtained holiness, who obtained the Mathra, who obtained the

[blessedness of the] soul, who obtained all the perfections of

goodness.
152.

We worship Zarathushtra, the lord and master of all the material

world, the man of the primitive law; the wisest of all-beings,

the best-ruling of all beings, the brightest of all beings, the

most glorious of all beings, the most worthy of sacrifice amongst

all beings, the most worthy of prayer amongst all beings, the

most worthy of propitiation amongst all beings, the most worthy

of glorification amongst all beings, whom we call well-desired

and worthy of sacrifice and prayer as much as any being can be,

in the perfection of his holiness.
153.
We worship this earth; we worship those heavens;

We worship those good things that stand between (the earth and

the heavens) and that are worthy of sacrifice and prayer and are

to be worshipped by the faithful man.
154.

We worship the souls of the wild beasts and of the tame.

We worship the souls of the holy men and women, born at any time,

whose consciences struggle, or will struggle, or have. struggled,

for the good.
155.

We worship the spirit, conscience, perception, soul, and Fravashi

of the holy men and holy women who struggle, will struggle, or

have struggled, and teach the Law and who have struggled for holiness.

Yenhe hatam: All those beings to whom Ahura Mazda...

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

156.

The Fravashis of the faithful, awful and overpowering, awful

and victorious; the Fravashis of the men of the primitive law;

the Fravashis of the next-of-kin; may these Fravashis come satisfied

into this house, may they walk satisfied through this house!

157.

May they, being satisfied, bless this house with the presence

of the kind Ashi Vanguhi! May they leave this house satisfied!

May they carry back from here hymns and worship to the Maker,

Ahura Mazda, and the Amesha-Spentas! May they not leave this house

of us, the worshippers of Mazda, complaining!
158.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

I bless the sacrifice and prayer, and the strength and vigour

of the awful, overpowering Fravashis of the faithful; of the Fravashis

of the men of the primitive law; of the Fravashis of the next-of-kin.

Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, .... give him the bright,

all-happy, blissful abode of the holy Ones.
14. Warharan Yasht yt14sbe
------------------
14. WARHARAN YASHT
0.

May Ahura Mazda be rejoiced!.... Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the

best of all good....

I confess myself a worshipper of Mazda, a follower of Zarathushtra,

one who hates the Daevas and obeys the laws of Ahura;

For sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification unto (Havani],

the holy and master of holiness....

Unto Verethraghna, made by Mazda, and unto the crushing Ascendant;

Be propitiation, with sacrifice, prayer, propitiation, and glorification.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

1.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! 'Who is the

best-armed of the heavenly gods?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama

Zarathushtra!'
2.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him first, running in

the shape of a strong, beautiful wind, made by Mazda; he bore

the good Glory, made by Mazda, the Glory made by Mazda, that is

both health and strength.
3.

Then he, who is the strongest, said unto him: 'I am the strongest

in strength; I am the most victorious in victory; I am the most

glorious in glory; I am the most favouring in favour; I am the

best giver of welfare: I am the best-healing in health-giving.

4.

'And I shall destroy the malice of all the malicious, the

malice of Daevas and men, of the 'Yatus and Pairikas, of the oppressors,

the blind, and the deaf.
5.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard; namely, unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura. We

worship Verethraghna, made by Ahura, with an offering of libations,

according to the primitive ordinances of Ahura; with the Haoma

and meat, the baresma, the wisdom of the tongue, the holy spells,

the speech, the deeds, the libations, and the rightly-spoken words.

'Yenhe hatam: All those beings of whom Ahura Mazda....

[[2]]
6.
'We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.'

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One!

Who is the best-armed of the heavenly gods?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama

Zarathushtra!'
7.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the second time,

running in the shape of a beautiful bull, with yellow ears and

golden horns; upon whose horns floated the well-shapen Strength,

and Victory, beautiful of form, made by Ahura: thus did he come,

bearing the good Glory, made by Mazda, the Glory made by Mazda,

that is both health and strength.

Then he, who is the strongest, said unto him: 'I am the strongest

in strength....,

'And I shall destroy the malice of all malicious....

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[3]]
8.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One!

'Who is the best-armed of the heavenly gods?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama

Zarathushtra!'
9.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the third time, running

in the shape of a white, beautiful horse, with yellow ears and

a golden caparison; upon whose forehead floated the well-shapen

Strength, and Victory, beautiful of form, made by Ahura: thus

did he come, bearing the good Glory, made by Mazda, that is both

health and strength.

Then he, who is the strongest, said unto him: 'I am the strongest

in strength....

'And I shall destroy the malice of all malicious....'

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[4]]
10.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, 'Who is the best-armed of

the heavenly gods?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama

Zarathushtra!'
11.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the fourth time,

running in the shape of a burden-bearing camel, sharp-toothed,

swift ...., stamping forwards, long-haired, and living in the

abodes of men;
12.

Who of all males in rut shows greatest strength and greatest

fire, when he goes to his females. Of all females those are best

kept whom a burden-bearing camel keeps, who has thick forelegs

and large humps, ...., quick-eyed, long-headed, bright, tall,

and strong;
13.

Whose piercing look goes afar ...., even in the dark of the

night; who throws white foam along his mouth; well-kneed, well-footed,

standing with the countenance of an all-powerful master: Thus

did Verethraghna come, bearing the good Glory made by Mazda, the

Glory made by Mazda
[[5]]
14.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! 'Who is the

best-armed of the heavenly gods?' Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama Zarathushtra!'

15.

'Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the fifth time,

running in the shape of a boar, opposing the foes, a sharp-toothed

he-boar, a sharp-jawed boar, that kills at one stroke, pursuing,

wrathful, with a dripping face, strong, and swift to run, and

rushing all around.

Thus did Verethraghna come, bearing the good Glory made by Mazda,

the Glory made by Mazda.
[[6]]
16.

We sacrifice unto Verethragna, made by ..... Zarathushtra

asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent Spirit, Maker

of the material world, thou Holy One!
'Who is the best-armed of the heavenly gods?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama

Zarathushtra!'
17.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the sixth time, running

in the shape of a beautiful youth of fifteen, shining, clear-eyed,

thin-heeled.

Thus did Verethraghna come, bearing the good Glory made by Mazda,

the Glory made by Mazda....
[[7]]
18.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One!

'Who is the best-armed of the heavenly gods?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama

Zarathushtra!'
19.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the seventh time,

running in the shape of a raven that ... below and ... above,

and that is the swiftest of all birds, the lightest of the flying

creatures.
20.

He alone of living things, - he or none, - overtakes the flight

of an arrow, however well it has been shot. He flies up joyfully

at the first break of dawn, wishing the night to be no more, wishing

the dawn, that has not yet come, to come.
21.

He grazes the hidden ways of the mountains, he grazes the

tops of the mountains, he grazes the depths of the vales, he grazes

the summits of the trees, listening to the voices of the birds.

Thus did Verethraghna come, bearing the good Glory made by Mazda,

the Glory made by Mazda.
[[8]]
22.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world. thou Holy One! Who is the

best-armed of the heavenly gods?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama

Zarathushtra!'
23.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the eighth time,

running in the shape of a wild, beautiful ram, with horns bent

round.

Thus did Verethraghna come, bearing the good Glory made by Mazda,

the Glory made by Mazda....
[[9]]
24.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! 'Who is the

best-armed of the heavenly gods?' Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama Zarathushtra!'

25.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the ninth time, running

in the shape of a beautiful, fighting buck, with sharp horns.

Thus did Verethraghna come, bearing the good Glory made by Mazda,

the Glory made by Mazda....
[[10]]
26.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! 'Who is the

best-armed of the heavenly gods?'

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is Verethraghna, made by Ahura, O Spitama

Zarathushtra!'
27.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, came to him the tenth time, running

in the shape of a man, bright and beautiful, made by Mazda: he

held a sword with a golden blade, inlaid with all sorts of ornaments.

Thus did Verethraghna come, bearing the good Glory made by Mazda,

the Glory made by Mazda.
[[11]]
28.

We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura, who makes virility,

who makes death, who makes resurrection, who possesses peace,

who has a free way.

Unto him did the holy Zarathushtra offer up a sacrifice, [asking]

for victorious thinking, victorious speaking, victorious doing,

victorious addressing, and victorious answering.
29.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, gave him the fountains of manliness,

the strength of the arms, the health of the whole body, the sturdiness

of the whole body, and the eye-sight of the Kara fish, that lives

beneath the waters and can measure a rippling of the water, not

thicker than a hair, in the Rangha whose ends lie afar, whose

depth is a thousand times the height of a man.

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[12]]
30.

We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura, who makes virility,

who makes death, who makes resurrection, who possesses peace,

who has a free way.

Unto him did the holy Zarathushtra offer up a sacrifice, [asking]

for victorious thinking, victorious speaking, victorious doing,

victorious addressing, and victorious answering.
31.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, gave him the fountains of manliness,

the strength of the arms, the health of the whole body, the sturdiness

of the whole body, and the eye-sight of the male horse, that,

in the dark of the night, in its first half and through the rain,

can perceive a horse's hair lying on the ground and knows whether

it is from the head or from the tail.

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[13]]
32.

We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura, who makes virility,

who makes death, who makes resurrection, who possesses peace,

who has a free way.

Unto him did the holy Zarathushtra sacrifice, [asking] for victorious

thinking, victorious speaking, victorious doing, victorious addressing,

and victorious answering.
33.

Verethraghna, made by Ahura, gave him the fountains of virility,

the strength of the arms, the health of the whole body, the sturdiness

of the whole body, and the eye-sight of the vulture with a golden

collar, that, from as far as nine districts, can perceive a piece

of flesh not thicker than the fist, giving just as much light

as a needle gives, as the point of a needle gives.

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[14]]
34.
We sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One!

'If I have a curse thrown upon me, a spell told upon me by the

many men who hate me, what is the remedy for it?'
35.

Ahura Mazda answered: 'Take thou a feather of that bird with

... feathers, the Varenjana, O Spitama Zarathushtra! With that

feather thou shalt rub thy own body, with that feather thou shalt

curse back thy enemies.
36.

'If a man holds a bone of that strong bird, or a feather of

that strong bird, no one can smite or turn to flight that fortunate

man. The feather of that bird of birds brings him help; it brings

unto him the homage of men, it maintains in him his glory.

37.

'Then the sovereign, the lord of countries, will no longer

kill his hundreds, though he is a killer of men; the .... will

not kill at one stroke; he alone smites and goes forwards.

38.

'All tremble before him who holds the feather, they tremble

therefore before me; all my enemies tremble before me and fear

my strength and victorious force and the fierceness established

in my body.
39.

'He carries the chariot of the lords; he carries the chariots

of the lordly ones, the chariots of the sovereigns. He carried

the chariot of Kavi Usa; upon his wings runs the male horse, runs

the burden-bearing camel, runs the water of the river.

40.

'Him rode the gallant Thraetaona, who smote Azhi Dahaka, the

three-mouthed, the three-headed, the six-eyed, who had a thousand

senses; that most powerful, fiendish Druj, that demon, baleful

to the world, the strongest Druj that Angra Mainyu created against

the material world, to destroy the world of the good principle.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[15]]
41.
'We sacrifice to Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

'Verethraghna confounds the glory of this house with its wealth

in cattle. He is like that great bird, the Saena; he is like the

big clouds, full of water, that beat the mountains.

'For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[16]]
42.
'We sacrifice to Verethraghna, made by Ahura.'

Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Ahura Mazda, most beneficent

Spirit, Maker of the material world thou Holy One! 'Where is it

that we must invoke the name of Verethraghna, made by Ahura? Where

is it that we must praise him? That we must humbly praise him?'

43.

Ahura Mazda answered: 'When armies meet together in full array,

O Spitama Zarathushtra! (asking) which of the two is the party

that conquers and is not crushed, that smites and is not smitten;

44.

'Do thou throw four feathers in the way. Whichever of the

two will first worship the well-shapen Strength, and Verethraghna,

beautiful of form. made by Mazda, on his side will victory stand.

45.

'I will bless Strength and Victory, the two keepers, the two

good keepers, the two maintainers; the two who ..., the two who

... the two who ...; the two who forgive, the two who strike off,

the two who forget.
46.

'O Zarathushtra! let not that spell be shown to any one, except

by the father to his son, or by the brother to his brother from

the same womb, or by the Athravan to his pupil. These are words

that are awful and powerful, awful and assembly-ruling, awful

and victorious, awful and healing: these are words that save the

head that was lost and chant away the uplifted weapon.'

[[17]]
47.

We sacrifice to Verethraghna, made by Ahura: who goes along

the armies arrayed, and goes here and there asking, along with

Mithra and Rashnu: 'Who is it who lies unto Mithra? Who is it

who thrusts [his oath] against Rashnu? To whom shall I, in my

might, impart illness and death?'
48.

Ahura Mazda said: 'If men sacrifice unto Verethraghna, made

by Ahura, if the due sacrifice and prayer is offered unto him

just as it ought to be performed in the perfection of holiness,

never will a hostile horde enter the Aryan countries, nor any

plague, nor leprosy, nor venomous plants, nor the chariot of a

foe, nor the uplifted spear of a foe.
49.

Zarathushtra asked: 'What is then, O Ahura Mazda! the sacrifice

and invocation in honour of Verethraghna, made by Ahura, as it

ought to be performed in the perfection of holiness?'

50.

Ahura Mazda answered: 'Let the Aryan nations bring libations

unto him; let the Aryan nations tie bundles of baresma for him;

let the Aryan nations cook for him a head of cattle, either white,

or black, or of any other colour, but all of one and the same

colour.
51.

'Let not a murderer take of those offerings, nor a whore,

nor a ...., who does not sing the Gathas, who spreads death in

the world and withstands the law of Mazda, the law of Zarathushtra.

52.

'If a murderer take of those offerings, or a whore, or a ....,

who does not sing the Gathas, then Verethraghna, made by Ahura,

takes back his healing virtues.
53.

'Plagues will ever pour upon the Aryan nations; hostile hordes

will ever fall upon the Aryan nations; the Aryans will be smitten

by their fifties and their hundreds, by their hundreds and their

thousands, by their thousands and their tens of thousands, by

their tens of thousands and their myriads of myriads.'

54.

There Verethraghna, made by Ahura, proclaimed thus: 'The Soul

of the Bull, the wise creature, does not receive from man due

sacrifice and prayer; for now the Daevas and the worshippers of

the Daevas make blood flow and spill it like water;

55.

'For now the ... Daevas and the worshippers of the Daevas

bring to the fire the plant that is called Haperesi, the wood

that is called Nemetka;
56.

'(Therefore) when the (?Vyambura) Daevas and the worshippers

of the Daevas bow their backs, bend their waists, and arrange

all their limbs, they think they will smite and smite not, they

think they will kill and kill not; and then the (?Vyambura) Daevas

and the worshippers of the Daevas have their minds confounded

and their eyes made giddy.'

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[18]]
57.
We sacrifice to Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

I offer up Haoma, who saves one's head; I offer up the victorious

Haoma; I offer him up, the good protector; I offer up Haoma, who

is a protector to my body, as a man who shall drink of him shall

win and prevail over his enemies in battle;
58.

That I may smite this army, that I may smite down this army,

that I may cut in pieces this army that is coming behind me.

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[19]]
59.
We sacrifice to Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

The prince and his son and his sons who are chiefs of myriads

offer him up a bright ...(?) [saying]: 'He is strong, and Victorious

is his name; he is victorious, and Strong is his name;'

60.

That I may be as constantly victorious as any one of all the

Aryans; that I may smite this army, that I may smite down this

army, that I may cut in pieces this army that is coming behind

me.

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
61.
We sacrifice to Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

In the ox is our strength, in the ox is our need; in the ox is

our speech, in the ox is our victory; in the ox is our food, in

the ox is our clothing; in the ox is tillage, that makes food

grow for us.

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[21]]
62.
We sacrifice to Verethraghna, made by Ahura;

Who breaks the columns asunder, who cuts the columns to pieces,

who wounds the columns, who makes the columns shake; who comes

and breaks the columns asunder, who comes and cuts the columns

to pieces, who comes and wounds the columns, who comes and makes

the columns shake, both of Daevas and men, of the Yatus and Pairikas,

of the oppressors, the blind, and the deaf.

For his brightness and glory, I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
[[22]]
63.
We sacrifice to Verethraghna, made by Ahura.

When Verethraghna, made by Ahura, binds the hands, confounds the

eye-sight, takes the hearing from the ears of the Mithradrujes

marching in columns, allied by cities, they can no longer move

their feet, they can no longer-withstand.

For his brightness and glory I will offer unto him a sacrifice

worth being heard....
64.

Yatha ahu vairyo: The will of the Lord is the law of holiness....

I bless the sacrifice and prayer, and the strength and vigour

of Verethraghna, made by Mazda; and of the crushing Ascendant.

Ashem Vohu: Holiness is the best of all good....

[Give] unto that man brightness and glory, .... give him the bright,

all-happy, blissful abode of the holy Ones.
15. Ram Yasht yt15sbe
-------------
16. Den Yasht yt16sbe
-------------
17. Ard Yasht yt17sbe
-------------
18. Ashtad Yasht yt18sbe
----------------
19. Zam Yasht yt19sbe
-------------
20. Hom Yasht y9to11s
-------------
21. Vanand Yasht yt21sbe
----------------

Sirozas (Dedications for the thirty days of the month)

------------------------------------------------------

Siroza 1 s1sbe
--------
Siroza 2 s2sbe
--------
Afrinagans (prayers of blessing)
--------------------------------
Afrinagan-i Dahman a1sbe
------------------
Afrinagan-i Gatha a2sbe
-----------------
Afrinagan-i Gahambar a3sbe
--------------------
Afrinagan-i Rapithwin a4sbe
---------------------

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