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More Books by The Qur'an (Rodwell tr)

Sura 1 - The Opening
Sura 2 - The Cow
Sura 3 - The Family of Imran
Sura 4 - Women
Sura 5 - The Table
Sura 6 - Cattle
Sura 7 - Al Araf
Sura 8 - The Spoils
Sura 9 - Immunity
Sura 10 - Jonah, Peace be on Him!
Sura 11 - Houd
Sura 12 - Joseph, Peace be on Him
Sura 13 - Thunder
Sura 14 - Abraham, on Whom be Peace
Sura 15 - Hedjr
Sura 16 - The Bee
Sura 17 - The Night Journey
Sura 18 - The Cave
Sura 19 - Mary
Sura 20 - Ta. Ha.
Sura 21 - The Prophets
Sura 22 - The Pilgrimage
Sura 23 - The Believers
Sura 24 - Light
Sura 25 - Al Furkan
Sura 26 - The Poets
Sura 27 - The Ant
Sura 28 - The Story
Sura 29 - The Spider
Sura 30 - The Greeks
Sura 31 - Lokman
Sura 32 - Adoration
Sura 33 - The Confederates
Sura 34 - Saba
Sura 35 - The Creator, or the Angels
Sura 36 - Ya. Sin
Sura 37 - The Ranks
Sura 38 - Sad
Sura 39 - The Troops
Sura 40 - The Believer
Sura 41 - The Made Plain
Sura 42 - Counsel
Sura 43 - Ornaments of Gold
Sura 44 - Smoke
Sura 45 - The Kneeling
Sura 46 - Al Ahkaf
Sura 47 - Muhammad
Sura 48 - The Victory
Sura 49 - The Apartments
Sura 50 - Kaf
Sura 51 - The Scattering
Sura 52 - The Mountain
Sura 53 - The Star
Sura 54 - The Moon
Sura 55 - The Merciful
Sura 56 - The Inevitable
Sura 57 - Iron
Sura 58 - She Who Pleaded
Sura 59 - The Emigration
Sura 60 - She Who is Tried
Sura 61 - Battle Array
Sura 62 - The Assembly
Sura 63 - The Hypocrites
Sura 64 - Mutual Deceit
Sura 65 - Divorce
Sura 66 - The Forbidding
Sura 67 - The Kingdom
Sura 68 - The Pen
Sura 69 - The Inevitable
Sura 70 - The Steps or Ascents
Sura 71 - Noah
Sura 72 - Djinn
Sura 73 - The Enfolded
Sura 74 - The Enwrapped
Sura 75 - The Resurrection
Sura 76 - Man
Sura 77 - The Sent
Sura 78 - The News
Sura 79 - Those Who Drag Forth
Sura 80 - He Frowned
Sura 81 - The Folded Up
Sura 82 - The Cleaving
Sura 83 - Those Who Stint
Sura 84 - The Splitting Usunder
Sura 85 - The Starry
Sura 86 - The Night-Comer
Sura 87 - The Most High
Sura 88 - The Overshadowing
Sura 89 - The Daybreak
Sura 90 - The Soil
Sura 91 - The Sun
Sura 92 - The Night
Sura 93 - The Brightness
Sura 94 - The Opening
Sura 95 - The Fig
Sura 96 - Thick Blood, or Clots of Blood
Sura 97 - Power
Sura 98 - Clear Evidence
Sura 99 - The Earthquake
Sura 100 - The Chargers
Sura 101 - The Blow
Sura 102 - Desire
Sura 103 - The Afternoon
Sura 104 - The Backbiter
Sura 105 - The Elephant
Sura 106 - The Koreisch
Sura 107 - Religion
Sura 108 - The Abundance
Sura 109 - Unbelievers
Sura 110 - Help
Sura 111 - Abu Lahab
Sura 112 - The Unity
Sura 113 - The Daybreak
Sura 114 - Men
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The Qur'an (Rodwell tr) : Sura 3 - The Family of Imran

SURA III (3) The Family of Iman - (Medina - 200 verses) (XCVII - 385)

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Elif. Lam. Mim. God! there is no god but He, the Living, the

Merciful!

In truth hath He sent down to thee "the Book," which confirmeth those

which precede it: For He had sent down the Law, and the Evangel aforetime, as

man's Guidance; and now hath He sent down the "Illumination." (Furkan.)

Verily for those who believe not in the signs of God, is a severe

chastisement! And God is Mighty, the Avenger!

God! nought that is in Earth or that is in Heaven, is hidden unto Him.

He it is who formeth you in your mothers' wombs. There is no god but He; the

Mighty, the Wise!

He it is who hath sent down to thee "the Book." Some of its signs are

of themselves perspicuous; - these are the basis of the Book - and others are

figurative. But they whose hearts are given to err, follow its figures,

craving discord, craving an interpretation; yet none knoweth its

interpretation but God. And the stable in knowledge say, "We believe in it:

it is all from our Lord." But none will bear this in mind, save men endued

with understanding.

O our Lord! suffer not our hearts to go astray after that thou hast once

guided us, and give us mercy from before thee; for verily thou art He who

giveth.

O our Lord! For the day of whose coming there is not a doubt, thou wilt

surely gather mankind together. Verily, God will not fail the promise.

As for the infidels, their wealth, and their children, shall avail them

nothing against God. They shall be fuel for the fire.

After the wont of the people of Pharaoh, and of those who went before

them, they treated our signs as falsehoods. Therefore God laid hold of them

in their sins; and God is severe in punishing!

3:10 Say to the infidels: ye shall be worsted, and to Hell shall ye be

gathered together; and wretched the couch!

Ye have already had a sign in the meeting of the two hosts. The one

host fought in the cause of God, and the other was infidel. To their own

eyesight, the infidels saw you twice as many as themselves: And God aided with

his succour whom He would: And in this truly was a lesson for men endued with

discernment.

Fair-seeming to men is the love of pleasures from women and children,

and the treasured treasures of God and silver, and horses of mark, and flocks,

and cornfields! Such the enjoyment of this world's life. But God! goodly the

home with Him.

Say: Shall I tell you of better things than these, prepared for those

who fear God, in His presence? Theirs shall be gardens, beneath whose

pavilions the rivers flow, and in which shall they abide for aye: and wives of

stainless purity, and acceptance with God: for God regardeth his servants -

Who say, "O our Lord! we have indeed believed; pardon us our sins, and

keep us from the torment of the fire;" -

The patient, and the truthful, the lowly, and the charitable, and they

who seek pardon at each daybreak.

God witnesseth that there is no god but He: and the angels, and mean

endued with knowledge, stablished in righteousness, proclaim "There is no god

but He, the Mighty, the Wise!"

The true religion with God is Islam: and they to whom the Scriptures

had been given, differed not till after "the knowledge" had come to them, and

through mutual jealousy. But as for him who shall not believe in the signs of

God - God will be prompt to reckon with him!

If they shall dispute with thee, then Say: I have surrendered myself to

God, as have they who follow me.

Say to those who have received the Book, and to the common folk, Do ye

surrender yourselves unto God? If they become Muslims, then are they guided

aright: but if they turn away - thy duty is only preaching; and God's eye is

on His servants.

3:20 But to those who believe not in the signs of God, and unjustly slay the

prophets, and slay those men who enjoin uprightness, - announce an afflictive

chastisement.

These are they whose works come to nought in this world, and in the

next; and none shall they have to help them!

Hast thou not marked those who have received a portion of the

Scriptures, when they are summoned to the Book of God, that it may settle their

differences? Then did a part of them turn back, and withdrew far off.

This - because they said, "The fire shall by no means touch us, but for

certain days:" - Their own devices have deceived them in their religion.

But how, when we shall assemble them together for the day of (which)

whose coming there is no doubt, and when every soul shall be paid what it hath

earned, and they shall not be wronged?

Say: O God, possessor of all power, thou givest power to whom thou

wilt, and whom thou wilt thou dost abase! In thy hand is good; for thou art

over all thing potent.

Thou causest the night to pass into the day, and thou causest the day to

pass into the night. Thou bringest the living out of the dead, and thou

bringest the dead out of the living; and thou givest sustenance to whom thou

wilt, without measure.

Let not believers take infidels for their friends rather than believers:

whoso shall do this hath nothing to hope from God - unless, indeed, ye fear a

fear from them: But God would have you beware of Himself: for to God ye

return. Say: Whether ye hide what is in your breasts, or whether ye publish

it abroad, God knoweth it: He knoweth what is in the heavens and what is in

the earth; and over all things is God potent.

On that day shall every soul find present to it, whatever it hath

wrought of good: and as to what it hath wrought of evil, it will wish that

wide were the space between itself and it! But God would have you beware of

Himself; for God is kind to His servants.

Say: If ye love God, then follow me: God will love you, and forgive

your sins, for God is Forgiving, Merciful. Say: Obey God and the Apostle; but

if ye turn away, then verily, God loveth not the unbelievers.

3:30 Verily above all human beings did God choose Adam, and Noah, and the

family of Abraham, and the family of Imran, the one the posterity of the other:

And God Heareth, Knoweth.

Remember when the wife of Imran said, "O my Lord! I vow to thee what is

in my womb, for thy special service. Accept it from me, for thou Hearest,

Knowest!" And when she had given birth to it, she said, "O my Lord! Verily I

have brought forth a female," - God knew what she had brought forth; a male is

not as a female - "and I have named her Mary, and I take refuge with thee for

her and for her offspring, from Satan the stoned."

So with goodly acceptance did her Lord accept her, and with goodly

growth did he make her grow. Zacharias reared her. So oft as Zacharias went

in to Mary at the sanctuary, he found her supplied with food. "Oh, Mary!" said

he, "whence hast thou this?" She said, "It is from God; for God supplieth whom

He will, without reckoning!"

There did Zacharias call upon his Lord: "O my Lord!" said he,

"vouchsafe me from thyself good descendants, for thou art the hearer of

prayer." Then did the angels call to him, as he stood praying in the

sanctuary.:

"God announceth John (Yahia) to thee, who shall be a verifier of the

word from God, and a greater one, chaste, and a prophet of the number of the

just."

He said, "O my Lord! how shall I have a son, now that old age hath come

upon me, and my wife is barren?" He said, "Thus will God do His pleasure."

He said, "Lord! give me a token." He said, "Thy token shall be, that

for three days thou shalt speak to no man but by signs: But remember thy Lord

often, and praise him at even and at morn:"

And remember when the angels said, "O Mary! verily hath God chosen thee,

and purified thee, and chosen thee above the women of the worlds!

O Mary! be devout towards thy Lord, and prostrate thyself, and bow down

with those who bow."

This is one of the announcements of things unseen by thee: To thee, O

Muhammad! do we reveal it; for thou wast not with them when they cast lots with

reeds which of them should rear Mary; nor wast thou with them when they

disputed about it.

3:40 Remember when the angel said, "O Mary! Verily God announceth to thee

the Word from Him: His name shall be, Messiah Jesus the son of Mary,

illustrious in this world, and in the next, and one of those who have near

access to God;

And He shall speak to men alike when in the cradle and when grown up;

And he shall be one of the just."

She said, "How, O my Lord! shall I have a son, when man hath not touched

me?" He said, "Thus: God will create why He will; When He decreeth a thing,

He only saith, 'Be,' and it is."

And he will teach him the Book, and the Wisdom, and the Law, and the

Evangel; and he shall be an apostle to the children of Israel. "Now have I

come," he will say, "to you with a sign from your Lord: Out of clay will I

make for you, as it were, the figure of a bird: and I will breathe into it,

and it shall become, by God's leave, a bird. And I will heal the blind, and

the leper; and by God's leave will I quicken the dead; and I will tell you what

ye eat, and what ye store up in your houses! Truly in this will be a sign for

you, if ye are believers.

And I have come to attest the law which was before me; and to allow you

part of that which had been forbidden you; and I come to you with a sign from

your Lord: Fear God, then, and obey me; of a truth God is my Lord, and your

Lord; Therefore worship Him. This is a right way."

And when Jesus perceived unbelief on their part, He said, "Who my

helpers with God?" The apostles said, "We will be God's helpers! We believe in

God, and bear thou witness that we are Muslims.

O our Lord! we believe in what thou hast sent down, and we follow the

apostle; write us up, then, with those who bear witness to him."

And the Jews plotted, and God plotted: But of those who plot is God the

best.

Remember when God said, "O Jesus! verily I will cause thee to die, and

will take thee up to myself and deliver thee from those who believe not; and I

will place those who follow thee above those who believe not, until the day of

resurrection. Then, to me is your return, and wherein ye differ will I decide

between you.

And as to those who believe not, I will chastise them with a terrible

chastisement in this world and in the next; and none shall they have to help

them."

3:50 But as to those who believe, and do the things that are right, He will

pay them their recompense. God loveth not the doers of evil.

These signs, and this wise warning do we rehearse to thee.

Verily, Jesus is as Adam in the sight of God. He created him of dust:

He then said to him, "Be" - and he was.

The truth from thy Lord! Be not thou, therefore, of those who doubt.

As for those who dispute with thee about Him, after "the knowledge" hath

come to thee, Say: Come, let us summon our sons and your sons, our wives and

your wives, and ourselves and yourselves. Then will we invoke and lay the

malison of God on those that lie!

This recital is very truth, and there is no god but God; and verily God

is the Mighty, the Wise.

But if they turn away, then verily God hath knowledge of the corrupt

doers.

Say: O people of the Book! come ye to a just judgment between us and

you - That we worship not aught but God, and that we join no other god with

Him, and that the one of us take not the other for lords, beside God. Then if

they turn their backs, Say: Bear ye witness that we are Muslims.

O people of the Book! Why dispute about Abraham, when the Law and the

Evangel were not sent down till after him? Do ye not then understand?

Lo! ye are they who dispute about that in which ye have knowledge; but

why dispute about that of which ye have no knowledge? God hath knowledge, but

ye know nothing.

3:60 Abraham was neither Jew nor Christian; but he was sound in the faith, a

Muslim; and not of those who add gods to God.

They among men, who are nearest of kin to Abraham, are surely those who

follow him, and this prophet Muhammad, and they who believe on him. And God is

the protector of the faithful.

A party among the people of the Book would fain mislead you: but they

only mislead themselves, and perceive it not.

O people of the Book! why clothe ye the truth with falsehood? Why

wittingly hide the truth?

Others of the people of the Book say: "Believe in what hath been sent

down to the believers, at daybreak, and deny it at its close" - Thus do they go

back -

"And believe in those only who follow your Religion" Say: True guidance

is guidance from God - that to others may be imparted the like of what hath

been imparted to you. Will they wrangle then with you in the presence of their

Lord? Say: Plenteous gifts are in the hands of God: He imparteth them unto

whom He will, and God is Bounteous, Wise.

He will vouchsafe His mercy to whom He will, for God is of great

bounteousness.

Among the people of the Book are some, to one of whom if thou entrust a

thousand dinars, he will restore them to thee: And there is of them to whom if

thou entrust a dinar, he will not restore it to thee, unless thou be ever

instant with him.

This - because they say, "We are not bound to keep faith with the

ignorant (Pagan) folk, and they utter a lie against God, and know they do so;"

3:70 But whoso is true to his engagement, and feareth God, - verily God

loveth those that fear Him.

Verily they who barter their engagement with God, and their oaths, for

some paltry price - These! no portion for them in the world to come! and God

will not speak to them, and will not look on them, on the day of resurrection,

and will not assoil them! for them, a grievous chastisement!

And some truly are there among them who torture the Scriptures with

their tongues, in order that ye may suppose it to be from the Scripture, yet it

is not from the Scripture. And they say, "This is from God;" yet it is not

from God: and they utter a lie against God, and they know they do so.

It beseemeth not a man, that God should give him the Scriptures and the

Wisdom, and the gift of prophecy, and that then he should say to his followers,

"Be ye worshippers of me, as well as of God;" but rather, "Be ye perfect in

things pertaining to God, since ye know the Scriptures, and have studied deep."

God doth not command you to take the angels or the prophets as lord.

What! would he command you to become infidels after ye have been Muslims?

When God entered into covenant with the prophets, he said, "This is the

Book and the Wisdom which I give you. Hereafter shall a prophet come unto you

to confirm the Scriptures already with you. Ye shall surely believe on him,

and ye shall surely aid him. Are ye resolved?" said he, "and do ye accept the

covenant on these terms?" They said, "We are resolved;" "Be ye then the

witnesses," said he, "and I will be a witness as well as you.

And whoever turneth back after this, these are surely the perverse."

Other religion than that of God desire they? To him doth everything

that is in the Heavens and in the Earth submit, in willing or forced obedience!

and to Him do they return.

Say: We believe in God, and in what hath been sent down to us, and what

hath been sent down to Abraham, and Ismael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the

tribes, and in what was given to Moses, and Jesus, and the Prophets, from their

Lord. We make no difference between them. And to Him are we resigned

(Muslims).

Whoso desireth any other religion than Islam, that religion shall never

be accepted from him, and in the next world he shall be among the lost.

3:80 How shall God guide a people who, after they had believed and bore

witness that the apostle was true, and after that clear proofs of his mission

had reached them, disbelieved? God guideth not the people who transgress.

These! their recompense, that the curse of God, and of angels, and of

all men, is on them!

Under it shall they abide for ever; their torment shall not be assuaged!

nor shall God even look upon them! -

Save those who after this repent and amend; for verily God is Gracious,

Merciful!

As for those who become infidels, after having believed, and then

increase their infidelity - their repentance shall never be accepted. These!

they are the erring ones.

As for those who are infidels, and die infidels, from no one of them

shall as much gold as the earth could contain be accepted, though he should

offer it in ransom. These! a grievous punishment awaiteth them; and they

shall have none to help them.

Ye shall never attain to goodness till ye give alms of that which ye

love; and whatever ye give, of a truth God knoweth.

All food was allowed to the children of Israel, except what Jacob forbad

himself, ere the law was sent down; Say: Bring ye then the law and read it, if

ye be men of truth.

And whoso after this inventeth the lie about God: - These are evil

doers.

Say: God speaketh truth. Follow, therefore, the religion of Abraham,

the sound in faith, who was not one of those who joined other gods to God.

3:90 The first temple that was founded for mankind, was that in Becca, -

Blessed, and guidance to human beings.

In it are evident signs, even the standing-place of Abraham: and he who

entereth it is safe. And the pilgrimage to the temple, is a service due to God

from those who are able to journey thither.

And as to them who believeth not - verily God can afford to dispense

with all creatures!

Say: O people of the Book! why disbelieve ye the signs of God? But God

is witness of your doings.

Say: O people of the Book! why repel believers from the way of God? Ye

fain would make it crooked, and yet ye are its witnesses! But God is not

regardless of what ye do.

O believers! if ye obey some amongst those who have received the

Scripture, after your very Faith will they make you infidels!

But how can ye become infidels, when the signs of God are recited to

you, and his prophet is among you? Whoever holdest fast by God, is already

guided to a straight path.

O ye believers! fear God as He deserveth to be feared! and die not till

ye have become Muslims.

And hold ye fast by the cord of God, all of you, and break not loose

from it; and remember God's goodness towards you, how that when ye were

enemies, He united your hearts, and by his favour ye became brethren;

And when ye were on the brink of the pit of fire, he drew you back from

it. Thus God clearly sheweth you his signs that ye may be guided;

3:100 And that there may be among you a people who invite to the Good, and

enjoin the Just, and forbid the Wrong. These are they with whom it shall be

well.

And be ye not like those who have formed divisions, and fallen to

variance after the clear proofs have come to them. These! a terrible

chastisement doth await them,

On the day when faces shall turn white, and faces shall turn black! And

as to those whose faces shall have turned black "....What! after your belief

have ye become infidels? Taste then the chastisement, for that ye have been

unbelievers."

And as to those whose faces shall have become white, they shall be

within the mercy of God: therein shall they abide for ever.

These are the signs of God: we recite them to thee in truth: And God

willeth not injustice to mankind.

Whatever is in the Heavens, and whatever is on the Earth, is God's. And

to God shall all things return.

Ye are the best folk that hath been raised up unto mankind. Ye enjoin

the Just, and ye forbid the Evil, and ye believe in God: And if the people of

the Book had believed, it had surely been better for them! Believers there are

among them, but most of them are perverse.

They will never inflict on you but a trifling damage; and if they do

battle with you, they shall turn their backs to you: then they shall not be

succoured.

Shame shall be stamped upon them wherever found, unless they ally them

with God and men! And the wrath of God will they incur, and poverty shall be

stamped upon them! This - for that they believed not in the signs of God, and

slew the prophets unjustly: This - because they rebelled, and became

transgressors.

Yet all are not alike: Among the people of the Book is an upright folk,

who recite the signs of God in the night-season, and adore:

3:110 They believe in God and in the latter day, and enjoin justice, and

forbid evil, and speed on in good works. These are of the righteous.

And of whatever good ye do, ye shall not be denied the meed. God

knoweth those who fear Him.

But as for the infidels, their wealth, and their children shall avail

them nothing against God. They shall be the inmates of the fire, to abide

therein eternally.

The alms which they bestow in this present life, are like a freezing

wind, which falleth upon and destroyeth the cornfields of a people who have

been to themselves unjust. God doeth them to injustice, to to themselves are

they unjust.

O ye who have believed! form not intimacies among others than

yourselves. They will not fail to corrupt you. They long for your ruin.

Hatred hath already shewn itself out of their mouths, but more grievous is what

their breasts conceal. The tokens thereof we have already made plain to you,

if ye will comprehend.

See now! ye love them, but they love not you. Ye believe the entire

Book. And when they meet you, they say, "We believe;" but when they are apart,

they bite their fingers' ends at you, out of wrath. Say: "Die in your wrath!"

God truly knoweth the very recesses of your breasts.

If good befalleth you it grieveth them, and when ill lighteth on you,

they rejoice in it. But if ye be steadfast and fear God, their craft shall in

no way harm you. For God is round about their doings.

And remember when thou didst leave thy household at early morn, that

thou mightest prepare the faithful a camp for the war; - God heard, knew it -

When two troops of you became full of anxious thoughts, and lost heart,

and when God became the protector of both! In God, then, let the faithful

trust.

God had already succoured you at Bedr, when ye were the weaker! Fear

God,. then, that ye may be thankful.

3:120 Then thou didst say to the faithful, "is it not enough for you that your

Lord aideth you with three thousand angels sent down from on high?"

Aye: but if ye be steadfast and fear God, and the foe come upon you in

hot haste, your Lord will help you with five thousand angels in their

cognisances!

This, as pure good tidings for you, did God appoint, that your hearts

might be assured - for only from God, the Mighty, the Wise, cometh the Victory

- and that He might cut off the uttermost part of those who believed not, or

cast them down so that they should be overthrown, defeated without resource.

It is none of thy concern whether He be turned unto them in kindness or

chastise them: for verily they are wrongful doers.

Whatever is in the Heavens and the Earth is God's! He forgiveth whom He

will, and whom He will, chastiseth: for God is Forgiving, Merciful.

O ye who believe! devour not usury, doubling it again and again! But

fear God, that ye may prosper.

And fear the fire which is prepared for them that believe not; and obey

God and the apostle, that ye may find mercy:

And vie in haste for pardon from your Lord, and a Paradise, vast as the

Heavens and the Earth, prepared for the God-fearing.

Who give alms, alike in prosperity and in success, and who master their

anger, and forgive others! God loveth the doers of good.

They who, after they have done a base deed or committed a wrong against

their own selves, remember God and implore forgiveness of their sins - and who

will forgive sins but God only? - persevere not in what they have wittingly

done amiss.

3:130 As for these! Pardon from their Lord shall be their recompense, and

gardens 'neath which the rivers flow; for ever shall they abide therein: And

goodly the reward of those who labour!

Already, before your time, have examples been made! Traverse the earth,

then, and see what hath been the end of those who treat prophets as liars.

This Koran is a manifest to man, and a guidance, and a warning to the

God-fearing!

And be not fainthearted, and be not sorrowful: For ye shall gain the

upper hand if ye be believers.

If a wound hath befallen you, a wound like it hath already befallen

others: we alternate these days of successes and reverses among men, that God

may know those who have believed, and that He may take martyrs from among you,

- but God loveth not the wrongful doers -

And that God may test those who believe, and destroy the infidels.

Thought ye that ye should enter Paradise ere God had taken knowledge of

those among you who did valiantly, and of those who steadfastly endure?

Ye had desired death ere ye met it. But ye have now seen it - and ye

have beheld it - and fled from it!

Muhammad is no more than an apostle; other apostles have already passed

away before him: if he die, therefore, or be slain, will ye turn on your

heels? But he who turneth on his heels shall not injure God at all: And God

will certainly reward the thankful!

No one can die except by God's permission, according to the Book that

fixeth the term of life. He who desireth the recompense of this world, we will

give him thereof; And he who desireth the recompense of the next life, we will

give him thereof! And we will certainly reward the thankful.

3:140 How many a prophet hath combated those who had with them many myriads!

Yet were they not daunted at what befel them on the path of God, nor were they

weakened, nor did they basely submit! God loveth those who endure with

steadfastness.

Nor said they more than this: "O our Lord! forgive us our sins and our

mistakes in this our work; and set our feet firm; and help us against the

unbelieving people." And God gave them the recompense of this world, and the

excellence of the recompense of the next. For God loveth the doers of what is

excellent.

O ye who have believed! if ye obey the infidels, they will cause you to

turn upon your heels, and ye will fall back into perdition:

But God is your liege lord, and He is the best of helpers.

We will cast a dread into hearts of the infidels because they have

joined gods with God without warranty sent down; their abode shall be the fire;

and wretched shall be the mansion of the evil doers.

Already had God made good to you His promise, when by His permission ye

destroyed your foes, until your courage failed you, and ye disputed about the

order, and disobeyed, after that the Prophet had brought you within view of

that for which ye longed.

Some of you were for this world, and some for the next. Then, in order

to make trial of you, He turned you to flight from them, - yet hath He now

forgiven you; for all-bounteous is God to the faithful -

When ye came up the height and took no heed of any one, while the

Prophet in your rear was calling you to the fight! God hath rewarded you with

trouble upon trouble, that ye might learn not to be chagrined at your loss of

booty, or at what befel you! God is acquainted with your actions.

Then after the trouble God sent down security upon you. Slumber fell

upon a part of you: as to the other part - their own passions stirred them up

to think unjustly of God with thoughts of ignorance! They said - What gain we

by this affair? Say: Verily the affair resteth wholly with God. They hid in

their minds what they did not speak out to thee, saying, "Were we to have

gained aught in this affair, none of us had been slain at this place." Say:

Had ye remained in your homes, they who were decreed to be slain would have

gone forth to the places where they lie: - in order that God might make trial

of what was in your breasts, and might discover what was in your hearts, for

God knoweth the very secrets of the breast.

Of a truth it was Satan alone who caused those of you to fail in duty

who turned back on the day when the hosts met, for some of their doings! But

now hath God pardoned them; For God is Forgiving, Gracious.

3:150 O ye who believe! be not like the infidels, who said of their brethren

when they had travelled by land or had gone forth to war, "Had they kept with

us, they had not died, and had not been slain!"| God purposed that this affair

should cause them heart sorrow! God maketh alive and killeth; and God

beholdeth your actions.

And if ye shall be slain or die on the path of God, then pardon from God

and mercy is better than all your amassings;

For if ye die or be slain, verily unto God shall ye be gathered.

Of the mercy of God thou hast spoken to them in gentle terms. Hadst

thou been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from thee.

Therefore, forgive and ask for pardon for them, and consult them in the affair

of warn, and when thou art resolved, then put thou thy trust in God, for God

loveth those who trust in Him.

If God help you, none shall overcome you; but if He abandon you, who is

he that shall help you when He is gone? In God, then, let the faithful trust.

It is not the Prophet who will defraud you; - But he who shall defraud,

shall come forth with his defraudings on the day of the resurrection: then

shall every soul be paid what it hath merited, and they shall not be treated

with injustice.

Shall he who hath followed the good pleasure of God be as he who hath

brought on himself wrath from God, and whose abode shall be Hell? and wretched

the journey thither!

There are varying grades with God: and God beholdeth what ye do.

Now hath God been gracious to the faithful, when he raised up among them

an apostle out of their own people, to rehearse unto them his signs, and to

cleanse them, and to give them knowledge of the Book and of Wisdom: for before

they were in manifest error.

When a reverse hath befallen you, the like of which ye had before

inflicted, say ye, "Whence is this?" Say: It is from yourselves. For God

hath power over all things.

3:160 And that which befel you on the day when the armies met, was certainly

by the will of God, and that he might know the faithful, and that he might know

the hypocrites! And when the word was "Advance, fight on the path of God, or

drive back the foe," - they said "Had we known how to fight, we would have

followed you." Nearer were some of them on that day to unbelief than to faith:

They said with their lips what was not in their hearts! But God knew

what they concealed,

Who said of their brethren while themselves sat at home, "Had they

obeyed us, they had not been slain." Say: Keep back death from yourselves if

ye speak truth.

And repute not those slain on God's path to be dead. Nay, alive with

their Lord, are they richly sustained;

Rejoicing in what God of his bounty hath vourchsafed them, filled with

joy for those who follow after them, but have not yet overtaken them, that on

them nor fear shall come, nor grief;

Filled with joy at the favours of God, and at his bounty: and that God

suffereth not the reward of the faithful to perish.

As to those who after the reverse which befel them, respond to God and

the Apostle - such of them as do good works and fear God, shall have a great

reward:

Who, when men said to them, "Now are the Meccans mustering against you;

therefore fear them!" it only increased their faith, and they said, "Our

sufficiency is God, and He is an excellent protector."

They returned, therefore, with the favour of God, enriched by Him, and

untouched by harm; and they followed what was well pleasing to God. And God is

of great Munificence.

Only would that Satan instill the fear of his adherents: Fear them not,

but fear me if ye are believers.

3:170 Let not those who view in haste after infidelity grieve thee: Verily not

one whit shall they injure God! God will refuse them all part in the life to

come: a severe chastisement shall be their lot.

They truly who purchase infidelity at the price of their faith, shall

not injure God on whit! and a grievous chastisement shall be their lot.

Let not the infidels deem that the length of days we give them is good

for them! We only give them length of days that they may increase their sins!

and a shameful chastisement shall be their lot.

It is not in God to leave the faithful in the state in which they are,

until he sever the bad from the good:

Nor is God minded to lay open the secret things to you, but God chooseth

whom he will of his apostles to know them. Believe, therefore, in God and his

apostles: and if ye believe and fear God, a great reward awaited you.

And let not those who are niggard of what God hath vouchsafed them in

his bounty, think that this will be good for them - Nay, it will be bad for

them -

That of which they have been niggard shall be their collar on the day of

the resurrection. God's, the heritage of the Heavens and of the Earth! And

God is well-informed of all ye do.

Now hath God heard the saying of those who said: "Aye, God is poor and

we are rich." We will surely write down their sayings, and their unjust

slaughter of the prophets; and we will say, "Taste ye the torment of the

burning.

This, for what your hands have sent before you; and because God will not

inflict a wrong upon his servants!:

To those who say, "Verily, God hath enjoined us that we are not to

credit an apostle until he present us a sacrifice which fire out of Heaven

shall devour,"

3:180 Say: Already have apostles before me come to you with miracles, and

with that of which ye speak. Wherefore slew ye them? Tell me, if ye are men

of truth.

And if they treat thee as a liar, then verily apostles have been treated

as liars before thee, though they came with clear proofs of their mission, and

with Scriptures, and with the light-giving Book.

Every soul shall taste of death: and ye shall only receive your

recompenses on the day of resurrection. And whoso shall scape the fire, and be

brought into Paradise, shall be happy. And the life of this world is but a

cheating fruition!

Ye shall assuredly be tried in your possessions and in yourselves. And

many hurtful things shall ye assuredly hear from those to whom the Scriptures

were given before you, and from those who join other gods with God. But if ye

be steadfast, and fear God - this verily is needed in the affairs of life.

Moreover, when God entered into a covenant with those to whom the

Scriptures had been given, and said, "Ye shall surely make it known to mankind

and not hide it," they cast it behind their backs, and sold it for a sorry

price! But vile is that for which they have sold it.

Suppose not that they who rejoice in what they have brought to pass, and

love to be praised for what they have not done - suppose not they shall escape

the chastisement. And afflictive chastisement doth await them,

For the Kingdom of the Heavens and the Earth is God's, and God hath

power over all things.

Verily, in the creation of the Heavens and of the Earth, and in the

succession of the night and of the day, are signs for men of understanding

heart;

Who standing, and sitting, and reclining, bear God in mind, and muse on

the creation of the Heavens and of the Earth. "O our Lord!" say they, "thou

hast not created this in vain. No. Glory be to Thee! Keep us, then, from the

torment of the fire.

O our Lord! surely thou wilt put him to shame whom thou shalt cause to

enter into the Fire, and the wrong-doers shall have none to help them.

3:190 O our Lord! we have indeed heard the voice of one that called. He

called us to the faith - 'Believe ye on your Lord' - and we have believed.

O our Lord! forgive us then our sin, and hide away from us our evil

deeds, and cause us to die with the righteous.

O our Lord! and give us what thou has promised us by thine apostles, and

put us not to shame on the day of the resurrection. Verily, Thou wilt not fail

thy promise."

And their Lord answereth them, "I will not suffer the work of him among

you that worketh, whether of male or female, to be lost. The one of you is the

issue of the other.

And they who have fled their country and quitted their homes and

suffered in my cause, and have fought and fallen, I will blot out their sins

from them, and I will bring them into gardens beneath which the streams do

flow."

A recompense from God! and God! with Him is the perfection of

recompense!

Let not prosperity in the land on the part of those who believe not,

deceive thee. 'Tis but a brief enjoyment! Then shall Hell be their abode; and

wretched the bed!

But as to those who fear their Lord - for them are the gardens 'neath

which the rivers flow: therein shall they abide for aye. Such their reception

with God - and that which is with God is best for the righteous.

Among the people of the Book are those who believe in God, and in what

He hath sent down to you, and in what He hath sent down to them, humbling

themselves before God. they barter not the signs of God for a mean price.

These! their recompense awaiteth them with their Lord: aye! God is

swift to take account.

3:200 O ye who believe! be patient and vie in patience, and be firm, and fear

God, that it may be well with you.

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