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More Books by The Qur'an (Rodwell tr)

Sura 1 - The Opening
Sura 2 - The Cow
Sura 3 - The Family of Imran
Sura 4 - Women
Sura 5 - The Table
Sura 6 - Cattle
Sura 7 - Al Araf
Sura 8 - The Spoils
Sura 9 - Immunity
Sura 10 - Jonah, Peace be on Him!
Sura 11 - Houd
Sura 12 - Joseph, Peace be on Him
Sura 13 - Thunder
Sura 14 - Abraham, on Whom be Peace
Sura 15 - Hedjr
Sura 16 - The Bee
Sura 17 - The Night Journey
Sura 18 - The Cave
Sura 19 - Mary
Sura 20 - Ta. Ha.
Sura 21 - The Prophets
Sura 22 - The Pilgrimage
Sura 23 - The Believers
Sura 24 - Light
Sura 25 - Al Furkan
Sura 26 - The Poets
Sura 27 - The Ant
Sura 28 - The Story
Sura 29 - The Spider
Sura 30 - The Greeks
Sura 31 - Lokman
Sura 32 - Adoration
Sura 33 - The Confederates
Sura 34 - Saba
Sura 35 - The Creator, or the Angels
Sura 36 - Ya. Sin
Sura 37 - The Ranks
Sura 38 - Sad
Sura 39 - The Troops
Sura 40 - The Believer
Sura 41 - The Made Plain
Sura 42 - Counsel
Sura 43 - Ornaments of Gold
Sura 44 - Smoke
Sura 45 - The Kneeling
Sura 46 - Al Ahkaf
Sura 47 - Muhammad
Sura 48 - The Victory
Sura 49 - The Apartments
Sura 50 - Kaf
Sura 51 - The Scattering
Sura 52 - The Mountain
Sura 53 - The Star
Sura 54 - The Moon
Sura 55 - The Merciful
Sura 56 - The Inevitable
Sura 57 - Iron
Sura 58 - She Who Pleaded
Sura 59 - The Emigration
Sura 60 - She Who is Tried
Sura 61 - Battle Array
Sura 62 - The Assembly
Sura 63 - The Hypocrites
Sura 64 - Mutual Deceit
Sura 65 - Divorce
Sura 66 - The Forbidding
Sura 67 - The Kingdom
Sura 68 - The Pen
Sura 69 - The Inevitable
Sura 70 - The Steps or Ascents
Sura 71 - Noah
Sura 72 - Djinn
Sura 73 - The Enfolded
Sura 74 - The Enwrapped
Sura 75 - The Resurrection
Sura 76 - Man
Sura 77 - The Sent
Sura 78 - The News
Sura 79 - Those Who Drag Forth
Sura 80 - He Frowned
Sura 81 - The Folded Up
Sura 82 - The Cleaving
Sura 83 - Those Who Stint
Sura 84 - The Splitting Usunder
Sura 85 - The Starry
Sura 86 - The Night-Comer
Sura 87 - The Most High
Sura 88 - The Overshadowing
Sura 89 - The Daybreak
Sura 90 - The Soil
Sura 91 - The Sun
Sura 92 - The Night
Sura 93 - The Brightness
Sura 94 - The Opening
Sura 95 - The Fig
Sura 96 - Thick Blood, or Clots of Blood
Sura 97 - Power
Sura 98 - Clear Evidence
Sura 99 - The Earthquake
Sura 100 - The Chargers
Sura 101 - The Blow
Sura 102 - Desire
Sura 103 - The Afternoon
Sura 104 - The Backbiter
Sura 105 - The Elephant
Sura 106 - The Koreisch
Sura 107 - Religion
Sura 108 - The Abundance
Sura 109 - Unbelievers
Sura 110 - Help
Sura 111 - Abu Lahab
Sura 112 - The Unity
Sura 113 - The Daybreak
Sura 114 - Men
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The Qur'an (Rodwell tr) : Sura 10 - Jonah, Peace be on Him!

SURA X - JONAH, PEACE BE ON HIM! (MECCA - 109 VERSES) (LXXXIV - 275)

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Elif. Lam. Ra. these are the signs of the wise Book!

A matter of wonderment is it to the men of Mecca, that to a person among

themselves We revealed, "Bear warnings to the people: and, to those who

believe, bear the good tidings that they shall have with their Lord the

precedence merited by their sincerity." The unbelievers say, "Verily this is a

manifest sorcerer."

Verily your Lord is God who hath made the Heavens and the Earth in six

days - then mounted his throne to rule all things: None can intercede with him

till after his permission: This is God, your Lord: therefore serve him: Will

ye not reflect?

Unto Him shall ye return, all together: the promise of God is sure: He

produceth a creature, then causeth it to return again - that he may reward

those who believe and do the things that are right, with equity: but as for

the infidels! - for them the draught that boileth and an afflictive torment -

because they have not believed.

It is He who hath appointed the sun for brightness, and the moon for a

light, and hath ordained her stations that ye may learn the number of years and

the reckoning of time. God hath not created all this but for the truth. He

maketh his signs clear to those who understand.

Verily, in the alternations of night and of day, and in all that God

hath created in the Heavens and in the Earth are signs to those who fear Him.

Verily, they who hope not to meet Us, and find their satisfaction in

this world's life, and rest on it, and who of our signs are heedless; -

These! their abode the fire, in recompense of their deeds!

But they who believe and do the things that are right, shall their Lord

direct aright because of their faith. Rivers shall flow at their feet in

gardens of delight:

10:10 Their cry therein, "Glory be to thee, O God!" and their salutation

therein, "Peace!"

And the close of their cry, "Praise be to God, Lord of all creatures!"

Should God hasten evil on men as they fain would hasten their good, then

were their end decreed! So leave we those who hope not to meet Us, bewildered

in their error.

When trouble toucheth a man, he crieth to us, on his side, or sitting,

or standing; and we we withdraw his trouble from him, he passeth on as though

he had not called on us against the trouble which touched him! Thus are the

deeds of transgressors pre-arranged for them.

And of old destroyed we generations before you, when they had acted

wickedly, and their Apostles had come to them with clear tokens of their

mission, and they would not believe: - thus reward we the wicked.

Then we caused you to succeed them on the earth, that we might see how

ye would act.

But when our clear signs are recited to them, they who look not forward

to meet Us, say, "Bring a different Koran from this, or make some change in

it." Say: It is not for me to change it as mine own soul prompteth. I follow

only what is revealed to me: verily, I fear, if I rebel against my Lord, the

punishment of a great day.

Say: Had God so pleased, I had not recited it to you, neither had I

taught it to you. Already have I dwelt among you for years, ere it was revealed

to me. Understand ye not?

And who is more unjust than he who coineth a lie against God, or

treateth his signs as lies? Surely the wicked shall not prosper!

And they worship beside God, what cannot hurt or help them; and say,

"These are our advocates with God!" Say: Will ye inform God of aught in the

Heavens and in the Earth which he knoweth not? Praise be to Him! High be He

exalted above the deities they join with Him!

10:20 Men were of one religion only: then they fell to variance: and had

not a decree (of respite) previously gone forth from thy Lord, their

differences had surely been decided between them!

They say: "Unless a sign be sent down to him from his Lord..." But Say:

The hidden is only with God: wait therefore: I truly will be with you among

those who wait.

And when after a trouble which had befallen them, we caused this people

to taste of mercy, lo! a plot on their part against our signs! Say: Swifter

to plot is God! Verily, our messengers note down your plottings.

He it is who enableth you to travel by land and sea, so that ye go on

board of ships - which sail on with them, with favouring breeze in which they

rejoice. But if a tempestuous gale overtake them, and the billow come on them

from every side, and they think that they are encompassed therewith, they call

on God, professing sincere religion: - "Wouldst thou but rescue us from this,

then will we indeed be of the thankful."

But when we have rescued them, lo! they commit unrighteous excesses on

the earth! O men! assuredly your self-injuring excess is only an enjoyment of

this life present: soon ye return to us: and we will let you know what ye

have done!

Verily, this present life is like the water which we send down from

Heaven, and the produce of the earth, of which men and cattle eat, is mingled

with it, till the earth hath received its golden raiment, and is decked out:

and they who dwell on it deem that they have power over it! but, Our behest

cometh to it by night or by day, and we make it as if it had been mown, as if

it had not teemed only yesterday! Thus make we our signs clear to those who

consider.

And God calleth to the abode of peace; and He guideth whom He will into

the right way.

Goodness itself and an increase of it for those who do good! neither

blackness nor shame shall cover their faces! These shall be the inmates of

Paradise, therein shall they abide for ever.

And as for those who have wrought out evil, their recompense shall be

evil of like degree, and shame shall cover them - no protector shall they have

against God: as though their faces were darkened with deep murk of night!

These shall be inmates of the fire: therein they shall abide for ever.

And on that day will we gather them all together: then will we say to

those who added gods to God, "To your place, ye and those added gods of yours!"

Then we will separate between them: and those their gods shall say, "Ye served

us not:

10:30 And God is a sufficient witness between us and you: we cared not

aught for your worship."

There shall every soul make proof of what itself shall have sent on

before, and they shall be brought back to God, their true lord, and the deities

of their own devising shall vanish from them.

Say: Who supplieth you from the Heaven and the Earth? Who hath pwoer

over hearing and sight? And who bringeth forth the living from the dead, and

bringeth forth the dead from the living? And who ruleth all things? They will

surely say, "God:" then Say: "What! will ye not therefore fear him?

This God then is your truth Lord: and when the truth is gone, what

remaineth but error? How then are ye so peverted?

Thus is the word of thy Lord made good on the wicked, that they shall

not believe.

Say: Is there any of the gods whom ye add to God who produceth a

creature, then causeth it to return to him? Say: God produceth a creature,

then causeth it to return to Him: How therefore are ye turned aside?

Say: Is there any of the gods ye add to God who guideth into the turth?

Say: God guideth into the truth. Is He then who guideth into the truth the

more worthy to be followed, or he who guideth not unless he be himself guided?

What then hath befallen you that ye so judge?

And most of them follow only a conceit: - But a conceit attaineth to

nought of truth! Verily God knoweth what they say.

Moreover this Koran could not have been devised by any but God: but it

confirmeth what was revealed before it, and is a clearing up of the Scriptures

- there is no doubt thereof - from the Lord of all creatures.

Do they say, "He hath devised it himself?" Say: Then bring a Sura like

it; and call on whom ye can beside God, if ye speak truth.

10:40 But that which they embrace not in their knowledge have they charged

with falsehood, though the explanation of it had not yet been given them. So

those who were before them brought charges of imposture: But see what was the

end of the unjust!

And some of them believe in it, and some of them believe not in it. But

thy Lord well knoweth the transgressors.

And if they charge thee with imposture, then Say: My work for me, and

your work for you! Ye are clear of that which I do, and I am clear of that

which ye do.

And some of them lend a ready ear to thee: But wilt thou make the deaf

to hear even though they understand not?

And some of them look at thee: But wilt thou guide the blind even

though they see not?

Verily, God will not wrong men in aught, but men will wrong themselves.

Moreover, on that day, He will gather them all together; They shall seem

as though they had waiting but an hour of the day! They shall recognise one

another! Now perish they who denied the meeting with God, and were not guided

aright!

Whether we cause thee to see some of our menaces against them fulfilled,

or whether we first take thee to Ourself, to us do they return. Then shall God

bear witness of what they do.

And every people hath had its apostle. And when their apostle came, a

rightful decision took place between them, and they were not wronged.

Yet they say, "When will this menace be made good? Tell us if ye speak

truly."

10:50 Say: I have no power over my own weal or woe, but as God pleaseth.

Every people hath its time: when their time is come, they shall neither retard

nor advance it an hour.

Say: How think ye? if God's punishment came on you by night or by day,

what portion of it would the wicked desire to hasten on?

When it falleth on you, will ye believe it then? Yes! ye will believe

it then. Yet did ye challenge its speedy coming.

Then shall it be said to the transgressors, "Taste ye the punishment of

eternity! Shall ye be rewarded but as ye have wrought?

They will desire thee to inform them whether this be true? Say: Yes!

by my Lord it is the truth: and it is not ye who can weaken Him.

And every soul that hath sinned, if it possessed all that is on earth,

would assuredly ransom itself therewith; and they will proclaim their

repentance when they have seen the punishment: and there shall be rightful

decision between them, and they shall not be unjustly dealt with.

Is not whatever is in the Heavens and the Earth God's? Is not then the

promise of God true? Yet most of them know it not.

He maketh alive and He causeth to die, and to Him shall ye return.

O men! now hath a warning come to you from your Lord, and a medicine for

what is in your breasts, and a guidance and a mercy to believers.

Say: Through the grace of God and his mercy! and in this therefore let

them rejoice: better is this than all ye amass.

10:60 Say: What think ye? of what God hath sent down to you for food, have

ye made unlawful and lawful? Say: Hath God permitteth you? or invent ye on

the part of God?

But what on the day of Resurrection will be the thought of those who

invent a lie on the part of God? Truly God is full of bounties to man; but

most of them give not thanks.

Thou shalt not be employed in affairs, nor shalt thou read a text out of

the Koran, nor shall ye work any work, but we will be witnesses over you when

ye are engaged therein: and not the weight of an atom on Eath or in Heaven

escapeth thy Lord; nor is there aught that is less than this or greater, but it

is in the perspicuous Book.

Are not the friends of God, those on whom no fear shall come, nor shall

they be put to grief?
They who believe and fear God -

For them are good tidings in this life, and in the next! There is no

change in the words of God! This, the great felicity!

And let not their discourse grieve thee: for all might is God's: the

Hearer, the Knower, He!

Is not whoever is in the Heavens and the Earth subject to God? What

then do they follow who, beside God, call upon deities they have joined with

Him? They follow but a conceit, and they are but liars!

It is He who hath ordained for you the night wherein to rest, and the

lightsome day. Verily in this are signs for those who hearken.

They say, "God hath begotten children." No! by this glory! He is the

self-sufficient. All that is in the Heavens and all that is in the Earth is

His! Have ye warranty for that assertion? What! speak ye of God that which ye

know not?

10:70 Say: Verily, they who devise this lie concerning God shall fare ill.

A portion have they in this world! Then to us they return! Then make

we them to taste the vehement torment, for that they were unbelievers.

Recite to them the history of Noah, when he said to his people - If, O

my people! my abode with you, and my reminding you of the signs of God, be

grievous to you, yet in God is my trust: Muster, therefore, your designs and

your false gods, and let not your design be carried on by you in the dark:

then come to some decision about me, and delay not.

And if ye turn your backs on me, yet ask I no reward from you: my

reward is with God alone, and I am commanded to be of the Muslims.

But they treated him as a liar: therefore we rescued him and those who

were with him in the ark, and we made them to survive the others; and we

drowned those who charged our signs with falsehood. See, then, what was the

end of these warned ones!

Then after him, we sent Apostles to their peoples, and they come to them

with credentials; but they would not believe in what they had denied aforetime:

Thus seal we up the hearts of the transgressors!

Then sent we, after them, Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh and his nobles with

our signs; but they acted proudly and were a wicked people:

And when the truth came to them from us, they said, "Verily, this is

clear sorcery."

Moses said, "What! say ye of a truth after it hath come to you, 'Is this

sorcery?' But sorcerers shall not prosper."

They said, "Art thou come to us to pervert us from the faith in which we

found our fathers, and that you twain shall bear rule in this land? But we

believe you not."

10:80 And Pharaoh said: "Fetch me every skilled magician." And when the

magicians arrives, Moses said to them, "Cast down what ye have to cast."

And when they had cast them down, Moses said, "Verily, God will render

vain the sorceries which ye have brought to pass: God prospereth not the work

of the evildoers.

And by his words will God verify the Truth, though the impious be averse

to it.

And none believed on Moses but a race among his own people, through fear

of Pharaoh and his nobles, lest he should afflict them: For of a truth mighty

was Pharaoh in the land, and one who committed excesses.

And Moses said: "O my people! if ye believe in God, then put your trust

in Him - if ye be Muslims."

And they said: "In God put we our trust. O our Lord! abandon us not

to trial from that unjust people,

And deliver us by thy mercy from the unbelieving people."

Then thus revealed we to Moses and his brother: "Provide houses for

your people in Egypt, and in your houses make a Kebla, and observe prayer and

proclaim good tidings to the believers."

And Moses said: "O our Lord! thou hast indeed given to Pharaoh and his

nobles splendour and riches in this present life: O our Lord! that they may

err from thy way! O our Lord! confound their riches, and harden their hearts

that they may not believe till they see the dolorous torment."

He said, "The prayer of you both is heard: pursue ye both therefore the

straight path, and follow not the path of those who have no knowledge.

10:90 And we led the children of Israel through the sea; and Pharaoh and his

hosts followed them in eager and hostile sort until, when the downing overtook

him, he said, "I believe that there is no God but he on whom the children of

Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims."

"Yes, now," said God: "but thou hast been rebellious hitherto, and wast

one of the wicked doers.

But this day will we rescue thee with thy body that thou mayest be a

sign to those who shall be after thee: but truly, most men are of our signs

regardless!"

Moreover we prepared a settled abode for the children of Israel, and

provided them with good things: nor did they fall into variance till the

knowledge (the Law) came to them: Truly thy Lord will decide between them on

the day of Resurrection concerning that in which they differed.

And if thou art in doubt as to what we have sent down to thee, inquire

at those who have read the Scriptures before thee. Now hath the truth come

unto thee from they Lord: be not therefore of those who doubt.

Neither be of those who charge the signs of God with falsehood, lest

thou be of those who perish.

Verily they against whom the decree of thy Lord is pronounced, shall not

believe.

Even though every kind of sign come unto them, till they behold the

dolorous torment!

Were it otherwise, any city, had it believed, might have found its

safety in its faith. But it was so, only with the people of Jonas. When they

believed, we delivered them from the penalty of shame in this world, and

provided for them for a time.

But if thy Lord had pleased, verily all who are in the earth would have

believed together. What! wilt thou compel men to become believers?

10:100 No soul can believe but by the permission of God: and he shall lay

his wrath on those who will not understand.

Say: Consider ye whatever is in the Heavens and on the Earth: but

neither signs, nor warners, avail those who will not believe!

What then can they expect but the like of such days of wrath as befel

those who flourish before them? Say: Wait; I too will wait with you:

Then will we deliver our apostles and those who believe. Thus it is

binding on us to deliver the faithful.

Say: O men! if ye are in doubt as to my religion, verily I worship not

what ye worship beside God; but I worship God who will cause you to die: and I

am commanded to be a believer.

And set thy face toward true religion, sound in faith, and be not of

those who join other gods with God:

Neither invoke beside God that which can neither help nor hurt thee:

for it thou do, thou wilt certainly then be one of those who act unjustly.

And if God lay the touch of trouble on thee, none can deliver thee from

it but He: and if He will thee any good, none can keep back his boons. He

will confer them on such of his servants as he chooseth: and He is the

Gracious, the Merciful!

Say: O men! now hath the truth come unto you from your Lord. He

therefore who will be guided, will be guided only for his own behoof: but he

who shall err will err only against it; and I am not your guardian!

And follow what is revealed to thee: and persevere steadfastly till God

shall judge, for He is the best of Judges.

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