More Books by The Qur'an (Rodwell tr)

Sura 1 - The Opening
Sura 2 - The Cow
Sura 3 - The Family of Imran
Sura 4 - Women
Sura 5 - The Table
Sura 6 - Cattle
Sura 7 - Al Araf
Sura 8 - The Spoils
Sura 9 - Immunity
Sura 10 - Jonah, Peace be on Him!
Sura 11 - Houd
Sura 12 - Joseph, Peace be on Him
Sura 13 - Thunder
Sura 14 - Abraham, on Whom be Peace
Sura 15 - Hedjr
Sura 16 - The Bee
Sura 17 - The Night Journey
Sura 18 - The Cave
Sura 19 - Mary
Sura 20 - Ta. Ha.
Sura 21 - The Prophets
Sura 22 - The Pilgrimage
Sura 23 - The Believers
Sura 24 - Light
Sura 25 - Al Furkan
Sura 26 - The Poets
Sura 27 - The Ant
Sura 28 - The Story
Sura 29 - The Spider
Sura 30 - The Greeks
Sura 31 - Lokman
Sura 32 - Adoration
Sura 33 - The Confederates
Sura 34 - Saba
Sura 35 - The Creator, or the Angels
Sura 36 - Ya. Sin
Sura 37 - The Ranks
Sura 38 - Sad
Sura 39 - The Troops
Sura 40 - The Believer
Sura 41 - The Made Plain
Sura 42 - Counsel
Sura 43 - Ornaments of Gold
Sura 44 - Smoke
Sura 45 - The Kneeling
Sura 46 - Al Ahkaf
Sura 47 - Muhammad
Sura 48 - The Victory
Sura 49 - The Apartments
Sura 50 - Kaf
Sura 51 - The Scattering
Sura 52 - The Mountain
Sura 53 - The Star
Sura 54 - The Moon
Sura 55 - The Merciful
Sura 56 - The Inevitable
Sura 57 - Iron
Sura 58 - She Who Pleaded
Sura 59 - The Emigration
Sura 60 - She Who is Tried
Sura 61 - Battle Array
Sura 62 - The Assembly
Sura 63 - The Hypocrites
Sura 64 - Mutual Deceit
Sura 65 - Divorce
Sura 66 - The Forbidding
Sura 67 - The Kingdom
Sura 68 - The Pen
Sura 69 - The Inevitable
Sura 70 - The Steps or Ascents
Sura 71 - Noah
Sura 72 - Djinn
Sura 73 - The Enfolded
Sura 74 - The Enwrapped
Sura 75 - The Resurrection
Sura 76 - Man
Sura 77 - The Sent
Sura 78 - The News
Sura 79 - Those Who Drag Forth
Sura 80 - He Frowned
Sura 81 - The Folded Up
Sura 82 - The Cleaving
Sura 83 - Those Who Stint
Sura 84 - The Splitting Usunder
Sura 85 - The Starry
Sura 86 - The Night-Comer
Sura 87 - The Most High
Sura 88 - The Overshadowing
Sura 89 - The Daybreak
Sura 90 - The Soil
Sura 91 - The Sun
Sura 92 - The Night
Sura 93 - The Brightness
Sura 94 - The Opening
Sura 95 - The Fig
Sura 96 - Thick Blood, or Clots of Blood
Sura 97 - Power
Sura 98 - Clear Evidence
Sura 99 - The Earthquake
Sura 100 - The Chargers
Sura 101 - The Blow
Sura 102 - Desire
Sura 103 - The Afternoon
Sura 104 - The Backbiter
Sura 105 - The Elephant
Sura 106 - The Koreisch
Sura 107 - Religion
Sura 108 - The Abundance
Sura 109 - Unbelievers
Sura 110 - Help
Sura 111 - Abu Lahab
Sura 112 - The Unity
Sura 113 - The Daybreak
Sura 114 - Men
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The Qur'an (Rodwell tr) : Sura 37 - The Ranks

SURA XXXVII (37) - THE RANKS (Mecca - 182 Verses) (L - 79

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

37:1 By the angels ranged in order for Songs of Praise,

And by those who repel demons,
And by those who recite the Koran for warning,
Truly your God is but one,

Lord of the Heavens and of the Earth, and of all that is between them,

and Lord of the East.

We have adorned the lower heaven with the adornment of the stars.

They serve also as a guard against every rebellious Satan,

That they overhear not what passeth in the assembly on high, for they

are darted at from every side,
Driven off and consigned to a lasting torment;

37:10 While, if one steal a word by stealth, a glistening flame pursueth him.

Ask the Meccans then, Are they, or the angels whom we have made, the

stronger creation? Aye, of coarse clay have we created them.

But while thou marvellest they mock;
When they are warned, no warning do they take;
And when they see a sign, they fall to mocking,
And say, "This is no other than clear sorcery:

What! when dead, and turned to dust and bones, shall we indeed be

Our sires also of olden times?"
Say, Yes; and ye shall be covered with disgrace.

For, one blast only, and lo! they shall gaze around them,

37:20 And shall say, "Oh! woe to us! this is the day of reckoning;

This is the day of decision which ye gainsaid as an untruth."

Gather together those who have acted unjustly, and their consorts, and

the gods whom they adored
Beside God; and guide them to the road for Hell.
Set them forth: they shall be questioned.
"How now, that ye help not one another?"

But on this day they shall submit themselves to God,

And shall address one another with mutual reproaches.

They shall say, "In sooth, ye came to us in well-omened sort:"

But they will answer, "Nay, it was ye who would not believe; and we had

no power whatever over you. Nay, ye were people given to transgress;

37:30 Just, therefore, is the doom which are Lord hath passed upon us. We

shall surely taste it:
We made you err, for we had erred ourselves."

Partners therefore shall be in punishment on that day.

Truly, thus will we deal with the wicked,

Because when it was said to them, There is no God but God, they swelled

with pride,

And said, "Shall we then abandon our gods for a crazed poet?"

Nay, he cometh with truth and confirmeth the Sent Ones of old.

Ye shall surely taste the painful punishment,

And ye shall not be rewarded but as ye have wrought,

Save the sincere servants of God!
37:40 A stated banquet shall they have
Of fruits; and honoured shall they be
In the gardens of delight,
Upon couches face to face.

A cup shall be borne round among them from a fountain,

Limpid, delicious to those who drink;

It shall not oppress the sense, nor shall they therewith be drunken.

And with them are the large-eyed ones with modest refraining glances,

fair like the sheltered egg.

And they shall address one another with mutual questions.

Saith one of them, "I truly had a bosom friend,

37:50 Who said, 'Art thou of those who credit it?

What! when we shall have died, and become dust and bones, shall we

indeed be judged?'"
He shall say to those around him, "Will ye look?"

And he shall look and see him in the midst of Hell.

And he shall say to him, "By God, thou hadst almost caused me to perish;

And, but for the favour of my Lord, I had surely been of those who have

been brought with thee into torment."
"But do we not die," say the blessed,

"Any other than our first death? and have we escaped the torment?"

This truly is the great felicity!

For the like of this should the travailers travail!

37:60 Is this the better repast or the tree Ez-zakkoum?

Verily, we have made it for a subject of discord to the wicked.

It is a tree which cometh up from the bottom of hell;

Its fruits is as it were the heads of Satans;

And, lo! the damned shall surely eat of it and fill their bellies with


Then shall they have, thereon, a mixture of boiling water:

Then shall they return to hell.
They found their fathers erring,
And they hastened on in their footsteps.

Also before them the greater number of the ancients had erred,

37:70 Though we had sent warners among them.
But see what was the end of these warned one,
Except of God's true servants.

Noah call on us of old, and right prompt were we to hear him,

And we saved him and his family out of the great distress,

And we made his offspring the survivors;
And we left for him with posterity,
"Peace be on Noah throughout the worlds!"
Thus do we reward the well-doers,
For he was one of our believing servants; -
37:80 And the rest we drowned.
And truly, of his faith, was Abraham,
When he brought to his Lord a perfect heart,

When he said to his father and to his people, "What is this ye worship?

Prefer ye with falsehood gods to God?
And what deem ye of the Lord of the worlds?"
So gazing he gazed towards the starts,
And said, "In sooth I am ill:
And they turned their back on him and departed.

He went aside to their gods and said, "Do ye not eat?

37:90 What aileth you that ye do not speak?"

He broke out upon them, with the right hand striking:

When his tribesmen came back to him with hasty steps -

He said, "Worship ye what ye carve,
When God hath created you, and that ye make?"

They said, "Build up a pyre for him and cast him into the glowing


Fain would they plot against him, but we brought them low.

And he said, "Verily, I repair to my Lord who will guide me:

O Lord give me a son, of the righteous."
We announced to him a youth of meekness.
37:100 And when he became a full-grown youth,

His father said to him, "My son, I have seen in a dream that I should

sacrifice thee; therefore, consider what thou seest right."

He said, "My father, do what thou art bidden; of the patient, if God

please, shalt thou find me."

And when they had surrendered them to the will of God, he laid him down

upon his forehead:
We cried unto him, "O Abraham!

Now hast thou satisfied the vision,." See how we recompense the

This was indeed a decisive test.
And we ransomed his son with a costly victim,
And we left this for him among posterity,
"Peace be on Abraham!"
37-110 Thus do we reward the well-doers,
For he was of our believing servants.

And we announced Isaac to him - a righteous Prophet -

And on him and on Isaac we bestowed our blessing. And among their

offspring were well-doers, and others, to their own hurt undoubted sinners.

And of old, to Moses and to Aaron shewed we favours:

And both of them, and their people, we rescued from the great distress:

And we succoured them, and they became the conquerors:

And we gave them (Moses and Aaron) each the lucid book:

And we guided them each into the right way:
And we left this for each among posterity,
37:120 "Peace be on Moses and Aaron."
Thus do we reward the well-doers,
For they were two of our believing servants.
And Elias truly was of our Sent Ones,
When he said to his people, "Fear ye not God?

Invoke ye Baal and forsake ye the most skilful Creator?

God is your Lord, and the Lord of your sires of old?"

But they treated him as a liar, and shall therefore be consigned to

Except God's faithful servants.
And we left this for him among posterity,
37:130 "Peace be on Eliasin!"
Thus do we reward the well-doers.
For he was one of our believing servants.
And Lot truly was of our Sent Ones,
When we rescued him and all his family,
Save an aged woman among those who tarried.
Afterward we destroyed the others.

And ye indeed pass by their ruined dwellings at morn

And night: will ye not then reflect?
Jonas, too, was one of the Apostles,
37:140 When he fled into the laden ship,
And lots were cast, and he was doomed,

And the fish swallowed him, for he was blameworthy.

But had he not been of those who praise Us,

In its belly had he surely remained, till the day of resurrection.

And we cast him on the bare shore - and he was sick; -

And we caused a gourd-plant to grow up over him,

And we sent him to a hundred thousand persons, or even more,

And because they believed, we continued their enjoyments for a season.

Inquire then of the Meccans whether thy Lord hath daughters, and they,


37:150 Have we created the angels females? and did they witness it?

Is it not a falsehood of their own devising, when they say,,

"God hath begotten"? They are indeed liars.
Would he have preferred daughters to sons?
What reason have ye for thus judging?
Will ye not then receive this warning?
Have ye a clear proof for them?
Produce your Book if ye speak truth.

And they make him to be of kin with the Djinn: but the Djinn have long

known that these idolaters shall be brought up before God.

Far be the glory of God from what they impute to him.

37:160 "His faithful servants do not thus.
Moreover, ye and what ye worship
Shall not stir up any against God,
Save him who shall burn in Hell.

And verily each one of us hath his appointed place,

And we range ourselves in order,
And we celebrate His praises."
And if those infidels say,

"Had we a revelation transmitted to us from those of old,

We had surely been God's faithful servants."

37:170 Yet they believe not the Koran. But they shall know its truth at last.

Our word came of old to our servants the apostles,

That they should surely be the succoured,

And that our armies should procure the victory for them.

Turn aside therefore from them for a time,

And behold them, for they too shall in the end behold their doom.

Would they then hasten our vengeance?

But when it shall come down into their courts, an evil morning shall it

be to those who have had their warning.
Turn aside from them therefore for a time.

And behold; for they too shall in the end behold their doom.

37:180 Far be the glory of thy Lord, the Lord of all greatness, from what they

impute to him,
And peace be on his Apostles!
And praise be to God the Lord of the worlds.

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