More Books by The Qur'an (Rodwell tr)

Sura 1 - The Opening
Sura 2 - The Cow
Sura 3 - The Family of Imran
Sura 4 - Women
Sura 5 - The Table
Sura 6 - Cattle
Sura 7 - Al Araf
Sura 8 - The Spoils
Sura 9 - Immunity
Sura 10 - Jonah, Peace be on Him!
Sura 11 - Houd
Sura 12 - Joseph, Peace be on Him
Sura 13 - Thunder
Sura 14 - Abraham, on Whom be Peace
Sura 15 - Hedjr
Sura 16 - The Bee
Sura 17 - The Night Journey
Sura 18 - The Cave
Sura 19 - Mary
Sura 20 - Ta. Ha.
Sura 21 - The Prophets
Sura 22 - The Pilgrimage
Sura 23 - The Believers
Sura 24 - Light
Sura 25 - Al Furkan
Sura 26 - The Poets
Sura 27 - The Ant
Sura 28 - The Story
Sura 29 - The Spider
Sura 30 - The Greeks
Sura 31 - Lokman
Sura 32 - Adoration
Sura 33 - The Confederates
Sura 34 - Saba
Sura 35 - The Creator, or the Angels
Sura 36 - Ya. Sin
Sura 37 - The Ranks
Sura 38 - Sad
Sura 39 - The Troops
Sura 40 - The Believer
Sura 41 - The Made Plain
Sura 42 - Counsel
Sura 43 - Ornaments of Gold
Sura 44 - Smoke
Sura 45 - The Kneeling
Sura 46 - Al Ahkaf
Sura 47 - Muhammad
Sura 48 - The Victory
Sura 49 - The Apartments
Sura 50 - Kaf
Sura 51 - The Scattering
Sura 52 - The Mountain
Sura 53 - The Star
Sura 54 - The Moon
Sura 55 - The Merciful
Sura 56 - The Inevitable
Sura 57 - Iron
Sura 58 - She Who Pleaded
Sura 59 - The Emigration
Sura 60 - She Who is Tried
Sura 61 - Battle Array
Sura 62 - The Assembly
Sura 63 - The Hypocrites
Sura 64 - Mutual Deceit
Sura 65 - Divorce
Sura 66 - The Forbidding
Sura 67 - The Kingdom
Sura 68 - The Pen
Sura 69 - The Inevitable
Sura 70 - The Steps or Ascents
Sura 71 - Noah
Sura 72 - Djinn
Sura 73 - The Enfolded
Sura 74 - The Enwrapped
Sura 75 - The Resurrection
Sura 76 - Man
Sura 77 - The Sent
Sura 78 - The News
Sura 79 - Those Who Drag Forth
Sura 80 - He Frowned
Sura 81 - The Folded Up
Sura 82 - The Cleaving
Sura 83 - Those Who Stint
Sura 84 - The Splitting Usunder
Sura 85 - The Starry
Sura 86 - The Night-Comer
Sura 87 - The Most High
Sura 88 - The Overshadowing
Sura 89 - The Daybreak
Sura 90 - The Soil
Sura 91 - The Sun
Sura 92 - The Night
Sura 93 - The Brightness
Sura 94 - The Opening
Sura 95 - The Fig
Sura 96 - Thick Blood, or Clots of Blood
Sura 97 - Power
Sura 98 - Clear Evidence
Sura 99 - The Earthquake
Sura 100 - The Chargers
Sura 101 - The Blow
Sura 102 - Desire
Sura 103 - The Afternoon
Sura 104 - The Backbiter
Sura 105 - The Elephant
Sura 106 - The Koreisch
Sura 107 - Religion
Sura 108 - The Abundance
Sura 109 - Unbelievers
Sura 110 - Help
Sura 111 - Abu Lahab
Sura 112 - The Unity
Sura 113 - The Daybreak
Sura 114 - Men
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The Qur'an (Rodwell tr) : Sura 31 - Lokman

SURA XXXI (31) - LOKMAN (Mecca - 34 Verses) (LXXXII - 267)

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Elif. Lam. Mim. These are the verses (signs) of the wise Book,

A guidance and a mercy to the righteous,

Who observe prayer, and pay the impost, and believe firmly in the life

to come: -

These rest on guidance from their Lord, and with these it shall be well.

But a man there is who buyeth an idle tale, that in his lack of

knowledge he may mislead others form the way of God, and turn it to scorn. For

such is prepared a shameful punishment!

And when our signs are rehearsed to him, he turneth away disdainfully,

as though he heard them not, - as though his ears were heavy with deafness.

Announce to him therefore tidings of an afflictive punishment!

But they who shall have believed and wrought good works, shall enjoy the

gardens of delight:

For ever shall they dwell therein: it is God's true promise! and He is

the Mighty, the Wise.

Without pillars that can be seen hath He created the heavens, and on the

earth hath thrown mountains lest it should move with you; and He hath scattered

over it animals of every sort: and from the Heaven we send down rain and cause

every kind of noble plant to grow up therein.

31:10 This is the creation of God: Shew me now what others than He have

created. Ah! the ungodly are in a manifest delusion.

Of old we bestowed wisdom upon Lokman, and taught him thus - "Be

thankful to God: for whoever is thankful, is thankful to his own behoof; and

if any shall be thankless... God truly is self-sufficient, worthy of all


And bear in mind when Lokman said to his son by way of warning, "O my

son! joint not others gods with God, for the joining gods with God is the

great impiety."

(We have commanded man concerning his parents. His mother carrieth him

with weakness upon weakness; nor until after two years is he weaned. Be

grateful to me, and to thy parents. Unto me shall all come.

But if they importune thee to join that with Me of which thou hast no

knowledge, obey them not: comport thyself towards them in this world as is

meet and right; but follow the way of him who turneth unto me. Until me shall

ye return at last, and then will I tell you of your doings;)

"O my son! verily God will bring everything to light, though it were but

the weight of a grain of mustard-seed, and hidden in a rock or in the heavens

or in the earth; for, God is subtile, informed of all.

O my son! observe prayer, and enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and

be patient under whatever shall betide thee: for this is a bounden duty.

And distort not thy face at men; nor walk thou loftily on the earth; for

God loveth no arrogant vain-glorious one.

But let thy pace be middling; and lower thy voice: for the least

pleasing of voices is surely the voice of asses."

See ye not how that God hath put under you all that is in the heavens

and all that is on the earth, and hath been bounteous to you of his favours,

both for soul and body. But some are there who dispute of God without

knowledge, and have no guidance and no illuminating Book:

31:20 And when it is said to them, Follow ye what God hath sent down, they

say, "Nay; that religion in which we found our fathers will we follow." What!

though Satan bid them to the torment of the flame?

But whoso setteth his face toward God with self-surrender, and is a doer

of that which is good, hath laid hold on a sure handle; for unto God is the

issue of all things.

But let not the unbelief of the unbelieving grieve thee: unto us shall

they return: then will we tell them of their doings; for God knoweth the very

secrets of the breast.

Yet a little while will we provide for them: afterwards will we force

them to a stern punishment.

If thou ask them who hath created the heavens and the earth, they will

certainly reply, "God." Say: God be praised! But most of them have no


God's, whatever is in the Heavens and the Earth! for God, He is the

Rich, the Praiseworthy.

If all the trees that are upon the earth were to become pens, and if God

should after that swell the sea into seven seas of ink, His words would not be

exhausted: for God is Mighty, Wise.

Your creation and your quickening hereafter, are but as those of a

single individual. Verily, God Heareth, Seeth!

Seest thou not that God causeth the night to come in upon the day, and

the day to come in upon the night? and that he hath subjected the sun and the

moon to laws by which each speedeth along to an appointed goal? and that God

therefore is acquainted with that which ye do?

This, for that God is the truth; and that whatever ye call upon beside

Him is a vain thing; and that God - He is the High, the Great.

31:30 Seest thou not how the ships speed on in the sea, through the favour

of God, that he may shew you of his signs? for herein are signs to all patient,

grateful ones.

When the waves cover them like dark shadows they call upon God as with

sincere religion; but when He safely landeth them, some of them there are who

halt between two opinions. Yet none reject our signs but all deceitful,

ungrateful ones.

O men! fear ye your Lord, and dread the day whereon father shall not

atone for son, neither shall a son in the least atone for his father.

Aye! the promise of God is a truth. Let not this present life then

deceive you; neither let the deceiver deceive you concerning God.

Aye! God! - with Him is the knowledge of the Hour; and He sendeth down

the rain - and He knoweth what is in the wombs - but no soul knoweth what it

shall have gotten on the morrow: neither knoweth any soul in what land it

shall die. But God is knowing, informed of all.

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