More Books by The Qur'an (Rodwell tr)

Sura 1 - The Opening
Sura 2 - The Cow
Sura 3 - The Family of Imran
Sura 4 - Women
Sura 5 - The Table
Sura 6 - Cattle
Sura 7 - Al Araf
Sura 8 - The Spoils
Sura 9 - Immunity
Sura 10 - Jonah, Peace be on Him!
Sura 11 - Houd
Sura 12 - Joseph, Peace be on Him
Sura 13 - Thunder
Sura 14 - Abraham, on Whom be Peace
Sura 15 - Hedjr
Sura 16 - The Bee
Sura 17 - The Night Journey
Sura 18 - The Cave
Sura 19 - Mary
Sura 20 - Ta. Ha.
Sura 21 - The Prophets
Sura 22 - The Pilgrimage
Sura 23 - The Believers
Sura 24 - Light
Sura 25 - Al Furkan
Sura 26 - The Poets
Sura 27 - The Ant
Sura 28 - The Story
Sura 29 - The Spider
Sura 30 - The Greeks
Sura 31 - Lokman
Sura 32 - Adoration
Sura 33 - The Confederates
Sura 34 - Saba
Sura 35 - The Creator, or the Angels
Sura 36 - Ya. Sin
Sura 37 - The Ranks
Sura 38 - Sad
Sura 39 - The Troops
Sura 40 - The Believer
Sura 41 - The Made Plain
Sura 42 - Counsel
Sura 43 - Ornaments of Gold
Sura 44 - Smoke
Sura 45 - The Kneeling
Sura 46 - Al Ahkaf
Sura 47 - Muhammad
Sura 48 - The Victory
Sura 49 - The Apartments
Sura 50 - Kaf
Sura 51 - The Scattering
Sura 52 - The Mountain
Sura 53 - The Star
Sura 54 - The Moon
Sura 55 - The Merciful
Sura 56 - The Inevitable
Sura 57 - Iron
Sura 58 - She Who Pleaded
Sura 59 - The Emigration
Sura 60 - She Who is Tried
Sura 61 - Battle Array
Sura 62 - The Assembly
Sura 63 - The Hypocrites
Sura 64 - Mutual Deceit
Sura 65 - Divorce
Sura 66 - The Forbidding
Sura 67 - The Kingdom
Sura 68 - The Pen
Sura 69 - The Inevitable
Sura 70 - The Steps or Ascents
Sura 71 - Noah
Sura 72 - Djinn
Sura 73 - The Enfolded
Sura 74 - The Enwrapped
Sura 75 - The Resurrection
Sura 76 - Man
Sura 77 - The Sent
Sura 78 - The News
Sura 79 - Those Who Drag Forth
Sura 80 - He Frowned
Sura 81 - The Folded Up
Sura 82 - The Cleaving
Sura 83 - Those Who Stint
Sura 84 - The Splitting Usunder
Sura 85 - The Starry
Sura 86 - The Night-Comer
Sura 87 - The Most High
Sura 88 - The Overshadowing
Sura 89 - The Daybreak
Sura 90 - The Soil
Sura 91 - The Sun
Sura 92 - The Night
Sura 93 - The Brightness
Sura 94 - The Opening
Sura 95 - The Fig
Sura 96 - Thick Blood, or Clots of Blood
Sura 97 - Power
Sura 98 - Clear Evidence
Sura 99 - The Earthquake
Sura 100 - The Chargers
Sura 101 - The Blow
Sura 102 - Desire
Sura 103 - The Afternoon
Sura 104 - The Backbiter
Sura 105 - The Elephant
Sura 106 - The Koreisch
Sura 107 - Religion
Sura 108 - The Abundance
Sura 109 - Unbelievers
Sura 110 - Help
Sura 111 - Abu Lahab
Sura 112 - The Unity
Sura 113 - The Daybreak
Sura 114 - Men
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The Qur'an (Rodwell tr) : Sura 7 - Al Araf

SURA VII (7) - AL ARAF [Mecca - 205 Verses] (LXXXVII - 293)

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

Elif. Lam. Mim. Sad. A Book hath been sent down to thee: therefore

let there be no difficulty in thy breast concerning it: to the intent that

thou mayest warn thereby, and that it may be a monition to the faithful.

Follow ye what hath been sent down to you from your Lord; and follow no

masters beside Him. How little will ye be monished!

How many cities have we destroyed! By night, or while they were in

their midday slumber, did our wrath reach them!

And what was their cry when our wrath reached them, but to say, "Verily,

we have been impious."

Surely, therefore, will we call those to account, to whom an Apostle

hath been sent, and of the sent ones themselves will we certainly demand a


And with knowledge will we tell them of their deeds, for we were not

absent from them.

The weighing on that day, with justice! and they whose balances shall be

heavy, these are they who shall be happy.

And they whose balances shall be light, these are they who have lost

their souls, for that to our signs they were unjust:

And now have we stablished you on the earth, and given you therein the

supports of life. How little do ye give thanks!

7:10 We created you; then fashioned you; then said we to the angels,

"Prostrate yourselves unto Adam: and they prostrated them all in worship, save

Ebilis: He was not among those who prostrated themselves.

To him said God: "What hath hindered thee from prostrating thyself in

worship at my bidding?" He said, "Nobler am I than he: me hast thou created

of fire; of clay hast thou created him."

He said, "Get thee down hence: Paradise is no place for thy pride: Get

thee gone then; one of the despised shalt thou be."

He said, "Respite me till the day when mankind shall be raised from the

He said, "One of the respited shalt thou be."

He said, "Now, for that thou hast caused me to err, surely in thy

straight path will I lay wait for them:

Then I will surely come upon them from before, and from behind, and from

their right hand, and from their left, and thou shalt not find the greater part

of them to be thankful."

He said, "Go forth from it, a scorned, a banished one! Whoever of them

shall follow thee, I will surely fill hell with you, one and all.

And, O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in Paradise, and eat ye whence ye

will, but to this tree approach not, lest ye become of the unjust doers."

Then Satan whispered them to shew them their nakedness, which had been

hidden from them both. And he said, "This tree hath your Lord forbidden you,

only lest ye should become angels, or lest ye should become immortals."

7:20 And he sware to them both, "Verily I am unto you one who counselleth


So he beguiled them by deceits: and when they had tasted of the tree,

their nakedness appeared to them, and they began to sew together upon

themselves the leaves of the garden. And their Lord called to them, "Did I not

forbid you this tree, and did I not say to you, 'Verily, Satan is your declared


They said, "O our Lord! With ourselves have we dealt unjustly: if thou

forgive us not and have pity on us, we shall surely be of those who perish."

He said, "Get ye down, the one of you an enemy to the other; and on

earth shall be your dwelling, and your provision for a season."

He said, "On it shall ye live, and on it shall ye die, and from it shall

ye be taken forth."

O children of Adam! now have we sent down to you raiment to hide your

nakedness, and splendid garments; but the raiment of piety - this is best.

This is one of the signs of God, that man haply may reflect.

O children of Adam! let not Satan bring you into trouble, as he drove

forth your parents from the Garden, by despoiling them of their raiment, that

he might cause them to see their nakedness: He truly seeth you, he and his

comrades, whence ye see not them. Verily, we have made the Satans tutelars of

those who believe not.

And when the wicked commit some filthy deed, they say, "We found our

fathers practising it, and to us hath God commanded it" - Say: God enjoineth

not filthy deeds. Will ye speak of God ye know not what?

Say: My Lord hath enjoined what is right. Turn your faces therefore

towards every place where he is worshipped, and call upon him with sincere

religion. As he created you, to him shall ye return: some hath he guided, and

some hath he justly left in error, because they have taken the Satans as their

tutelars beside god, and have deemed that they were guided aright.

O children of Adam! wear your goodly apparel when ye repair to any

mosque, and eat ye and drink; but exceed not, for He loveth not those who


7:30 Say: Who hath prohibited God's goodly raiment, and the healthful viands

which He hath provided for his servants? Say: These are for the faithful in

this present life, but above all on the day of the resurrection. Thus make we

our signs plain for people of knowledge.

Say: Truly my Lord hath forbidden filthy actions whether open or

secret, and iniquity, and unjust violence, and to associate with God that for

which He hath sent down no warranty, and to speak of God that ye know not.

Every nation hath its set time. And when their time is come, they shall

not retard it an hour; and they shall not advance it.

O children of Adam! there shall come to Apostles from among yourselves,

rehearsing my signs to you; and whoso shall fear God and do good works, no fear

shall be upon them, neither shall they be put to grief.

But they who charge our signs with falsehood, and turn away from them in

their pride, shall be inmates of the fire: for ever shall they abide therein.

And who is worse that he who deviseth a lie of God, or treateth our

signs as lies? To them shall a portion here below be assigned in accordance

with the Book of our decrees, until the time when our messengers, as they

receive their souls, shall say, "Where are they on whom ye called beside God?"

They shall say, "Gone from us." And they shall witness against themselves that

they were infidels.

He shall say, "Enter ye into the Fire with the generations of Djinn and

men who have preceded you. So oft as a fresh generation entereth, it shall

curse its sister, until when they have all reached it, the last comes shall say

to the former, 'O our Lord! these are they who led us astray: assign them

therefore a double torment of the fire:'" He will say, "Ye shall all have

double." But of this are ye ignorant.

And the former of them shall say to the latter, "What advantage have ye

over us? Taste ye therefore the torment for that which ye have done."

Verily, they who have charged our signs with falsehood and have turned

away from them in their pride, Heaven's gates shall not be opened to them, nor

shall they enter Paradise, until the camel passeth through the eye of the

needle. After this sort will we recompense the transgressors.

They shall make their bed in Hell, and above them shall be coverings of

fire! After this sort will we recompense the evil doers.

7:40 But as to those who have believed and done the things which are right

(we will lay on no one a burden beyond his power) - These shall be inmates of

Paradise: for ever shall they abide therein;

And we will remove whatever rancour was in their bosoms: rivers shall

roll at their feet: and they shall say, "Praise be to God who hath guided us

hither! We had not been guided had not God guided us! Of a surety the

Apostles of our Lord came to us with truth." And a voice shall cry to them,

"This is Paradise, of which, as the meed of your works, ye are made heirs."

And the inmates of Paradise shall cry to the inmates of the fire, "Now

have we found what our Lord promised us to be true. Have ye too found what

your Lord promised you to be true?" And they shall answer, "Yes." And a

Herald shall proclaim between them: "The curse of God be upon the evil doers,

Who turn men aside from the way of God, and seek to make it crooked, and

who believe not in the life to come!"

And between them shall be a partition; and on the wall Al Araf shall be

men who will know all, by their tokens, and they shall cry to the inmates of

Paradise, "Peace be on you!" but they shall not yet enter it, although they

long to do so.

And when their eyes are turned towards the inmates of the Fire, they

shall say, "O our Lord! place us not with the offending people."

And they who are upon Al Araf shall cry to those whom they shall know by

their tokens, "Your amassings and your pride have availed you nothing.

Are these they on whom ye sware God would not bestow mercy? Enter ye

into Paradise! where no fear shall be upon you, neither shall ye be put to


And the inmates of the fire shall cry to the inmates of Paradise: "Pour

upon us some water, or of the refreshments God hath given you?" They shall

say, "Truly God hath forbidden both to unbelievers,

Who made their religion a sport and pastime, and whom the life of the

world hath deceived." This day therefore will we forget them, as they forgot

the meeting of this their day, and as they did deny our signs.

7:50 And now have we brought them the Book: with knowledge have we explained

it; a guidance and a mercy to them that believe.

What have they to wait for now but its interpretation? When its

interpretation shall come, they who aforetime were oblivious of it shall say,

"The Prophets of our Lord did indeed bring the truth; shall we have any

intercessor to intercede for us? or could we not be sent back? Then would we

act otherwise that we have acted." But they have ruined themselves; and the

deities of their own devising have fled from them!

Your Lord is God, who in six days created the Heavens and the Earth, and

then mounted the throne: He throweth the veil of night over the day: it

pursueth it swiftly: and he created the sun and the moon and the stars,

subjected to laws by His behest: Is not all creation and its empire HIs?

Blessed be God the Lord of the Worlds!

Call upon your Lord with lowliness and in secret, for He loveth not the


And commit not disorders on the earth after it hath been well ordered;

and call on Him with fear and longing desire: Verily the mercy of God is nigh

unto the righteous.

And He it is who sendeth forth the winds as the heralds of his

compassion, until they bring up the laden clouds, which we drive along to some

dead land and send down water thereon, by which we cause an upgrowth of all

kinds of fruit. - Thus will we bring forth the dead. Haply ye will reflect.

In a rich soil, its plants spring forth abundantly by the will of its

Lord, and in that which is bad, they spring forth but scantily. Thus do We

diversify our signs for those who are thankful.

Of old sent We Noah to his people, and he said, "O my people! worship

God. Ye have no God but Him: indeed I fear for you the chastisement of the

great day."

The chiefs of his people said, "We clearly see that thou art in a

palpable error."

He said, "There is no error in my, O my people! but I am a messenger

from the Lord of the Worlds.

7:60 I bring to you the messages of my Lord, and I give you friendly counsel;

for I know from God what ye know not.

Marvel ye that a Warning should come to you from your Lord through one

of yourselves, that he may warn you, and that ye may fear for yourselves, and

that haply ye may find mercy?"

But they treated him as a liar: so we delivered him and those who were

with him in the ark, and we drowned those who charged our signs with falsehood;

for they were a blind people.

And to Ad we sent their brother Houd. "O my people!" said he, "worship

God: ye have no other god than Him: Will ye not then fear Him?"

Said the unbelieving chiefs among his people, "We certainly perceive

that thou art unsound of mind; and we surely deem thee an impostor."

He said, "O my people! it is not unsoundness of mind in me, but I am an

Apostle from the Lord of the Worlds.

The messages of my Lord do I announce to you, and I am your faithful


Marvel ye that a warning hath come to you from your Lord through one of

yourselves that He may warn you? Remember how he hath made you the successors

of the people of Noah, and increased you in tallness of stature. Remember then

the favours of God, that it may haply be well with you."

They said, "Art thou come to us in order that we may worship one God

alone, and leave what our fathers worshipped? Then bring that upon us with

which thou threatenest us, if thou be a man of truth."

He said, "Vengeance and wrath shall suddenly light on you from your

Lord. Do ye dispute with me about names that you and your fathers have given

your idols, and for which god hath sent you down to warranty? Wait ye then,

and I too will wait with you."

7:70 And we delivered him, and those who were on his side, by our mercy, and

we cut off, to the last man, those who had treated our signs as lies, and who

were not believers.

And to Themoud we sent their brother Saleh. He said, O my people!

worship God: ye have no other god than Him: now hath a clear proof of my

mission come to you from your Lord, this she-camel of God being a sign to you:

therefore let her go at large to pasture on God's earth: and touch her not to

harm her, lest a grievous chastisement seize you.

And remember how he hath made you successors to the Adites, and given

you dwellings on the earth, so that on its plains ye build castles, and hew out

houses in the hills. And bear in mind the benefits of god, and lay not the

earth waste with deeds of license.

Said the chiefs of his people puffed up with pride, to those who were

esteemed weak, even to those of them who believed, "What! know ye for certain

that Saleh is sent by his Lord?" They said, "Truly we believe in that with

which he hath been sent."

Then said those proud men, "Verily, we reject that in which ye believe."

And they ham-strung the she-camel, and rebelled against their Lord's

command, and said, "O Saleh, let thy menaces be accomplished upon us if thou

art one of the Sent Ones."

Then the earthquake surprised them; and in the morning they were found

dead on their faces in their dwellings.

So he turned away from them, and said, "O my people! I did indeed

announce to you the message of my Lord: and I gave you faithful counsel, but

ye love not faithful counsellors.

We also sent Lot, when he said to his people, commit ye this filthy deed

in which no creature hath gone before you?

Come ye to men, instead of women, lustfully? Ye are indeed a people

given up to excess.

7:80 But the only answer of his people was to say, "Turn them out of your

city, for they are men who vaunt them pure."

And we delivered him and his family, except his wife; she was of those

who lingered:

And we rained a rain upon them: and see what was the end of the wicked!

And we sent to Madian their brother Shoaib. He said, "O my people!

worship God; ye have no other God than Him: now hath a clear sign come to you

from your Lord: give therefore the full in measures and weights; take from no

man his chattels, and commit no disorder on the earth after it has been made so

good. This will be better for you, if you will believe it.

And lay not in ambush by every road in menacing sorts; nor mislead him

who believeth in God, from His way, nor seek to make it crooked; and remember

when ye were few and that he multiplied you, and behold what hath been the end

of the authors of disorder!

And if a part of you believe in that with which I am sent, and a part of

you believe not, then wait steadfastly until God shall judge between us, for He

is the best of judges."

Said the chiefs of his people puffed up with pride, "We will surely

banish thee, O Shoaib, and thy fellow-believers from our cities, unless indeed

ye shall back to our religion." "What!" said he, "though we abhor it?

Now shall we have devised a lie concerning God, if after he hath

delivered us from your religion we shall return to it; nor can we return to it,

unless by the will of God our Lord: our Lord embraceth all things in his ken.

In God have we put our trust: O our Lord! decide between us and between our

people, with truth; for the best to decide art Thou."

And the chiefs of his people who believed not, said, "If ye follow

Shoaib, ye shall then surely perish."

An earthquake therefore surprised them, and they were found in the

morning dead on their faces, in their dwellings.

7:90 Those who had treat Shoaib as an impostor, became as though they had

never dwelt in them: they who treated Shoaib as an impostor, were they that


So he turned away from them and said, O my people! I proclaimed to you

the messages of my Lord, and I counselled you aright; but how should I be

grieved for a people who do not believe?

Nor did we ever send a prophet to any city without afflicting its people

with adversity and trouble, that haply they might humble them.

Then changed we their ill for good, until they waxed wealthy, and said,

"Of old did troubles and blessings befall our fathers:" therefore did we seize

upon them suddenly when they were unaware.

But if that the people of these cities had believed and feared us, we

would surely have laid open to them blessings out of the Heaven and the Earth:

but they treated our signs as lies, and we took vengeance on them for their


Were the people, therefore, of those cities secure that our wrath would

not light on them by night, while they were slumbering?

Were the people of those cities secure that our wrath would not light on

them in broad day, while they were disporting themselves?

Did they, therefore, deem themselves secure from the deep counsel of

God? But none deem themselves secure from the deep counsel of God, save those

who perish.

Is it not proved to those who inherit this land after its ancient

occupants, that if we please we can smite them for their sins, and put a seal

upon their hearts, that they hearken not?

We will tell thee the stories of these cities. Their apostles came to

them with clear proofs of their mission; but they would not believe in what

they had before treated as imposture. - Thus doth God seal up the hearts of the

unbelievers -

7:100 And we found not of their covenant in most of them; but we found most of

them to be perverse.

Then after them we sent Moses with our signs to Pharaoh and his nobles,

who acted unjustly in their regard. But see wht was the end of the corrupt


And Moses said, "O Pharaoh! verily I am an apostle from the Lord of the


Nothing but truth is it right for me to speak of God. Now am I come to

you from your Lord with a proof of my mission; send away, therefore, the

children of Israel with me." He said, "If thou comest with a sign, shew it if

thou art a man of truth."

So he threw down his rod, and lo! it distinctly became a serpent.

Then drew he forth his hand, and lo! it was white to the beholders.

The nobles of Pharaoh's people said, "Verily, this is an expert


Fain would he expel you from your land: what then do ye order to be


They said, "Put him and his brother off awhle, and send round men to

your cities who shall muster
And bring to thee every skilled enchanter."

7:110 And the enchanters came to Pharaoh. Said they, "Shall we surely be

rewarded if we prevail?"

He said, "Yes; and ye certainly shall be near my person."

They said, "O Moses! either cast thou down thy rod first, or we will

cast down ours."

He said, "Cast ye down." And when they had cast them down they enchanted

the people's eyes, and made them afraid; for they had displayed a great


Then spake we unto Moses, "Throw down thy rod;" and lo! it devoured

their lying wonders.

So the truth was made strong, and that which they had wrought proved


And they were vanquished on the spot, and drew back humiliated.

But the other enchanters prostrated themselves adoring:

Said they, "We believe on the Lord of the World,
The Lord of Moses and Aaron."

7:120 Said Pharoah, "Have ye believed on him, ere I have given you leave?

This truly is a plot which ye have plotted in this my city, in order to drive

out its people. But ye shall see in the end what shall happen.

I will surely cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides; then will I

have you all crucified."
They said, "Verily, to our Lord do we return;

And thou takest vengeance on us only because we have believed on the

signs of our Lord when they came to us. Lord! pour out constancy upon us, and

cause us to die Muslims."

Then said the chiefs of Pharaoh's people - "Wilt thou let Moses and his

people go to spread disorders in our land, and desert thee and thy gods?" He

said, "We will cause their male children to be slain and preserve their females

alive: and verily we shall be masters over them."

Said Moses to his people, "Cry unto God for help, and bear up patiently,

for the earth is God's: to such of His servants as He pleaseth doth He give it

as a heritage; and for those that fear Him is a happy issue."

"We have been oppressed," they said, "before thou camest to us, and

since thou hast been with us:" "Perhaps," said he, "your Lord will destroy your

enemy, and will make you his successors in the land, and He will see how ye

will act therein."

Already had we chastised the people of Pharaoh with dearth and scarcity

of fruits, that haply they might take warning:

And when good fell to their lot they said, "This is our due." But if ill

befel them, they regarded Moses and his partisans as (the birds) of evil omen.

Yet, was not their evil omen from God? But most of them knew it not.

And they said, "Whatever sign thou bring us for our enchantment, we will

not believe on thee."

7:130 And we sent upon them the flood and the locusts and the kummal (lice)

and the frogs and the blood, - clear signs - but they behaved proudly, and were

a sinful people.

And when any plague fell upon them, they said, "O Moses! pray for us to

thy Lord, according to that which he hath covenanted with thee: Truly if thou

take off the plague from us, we will surely believe thee, and will surely send

the children of Israel with thee." But when we had taken off the plague from

them, and the time which God had granted them had expired, behold! they broke

their promise.

Therefore we took vengeance on them and drowned them in the sea, because

they treated our signs as falsehoods and were heedless of them.

And we gave to the people who had been brought so low, the eastern and

the western lands, which we had blessed as an heritage: and the good word of

thy Lord was fulfilled on the children of Israel because they had borne up with

patience: and we destroyed the works and the structures of Pharaoh and his


And we brought the children of Israel across the sea, and they came to a

people who gave themselves up to their idols. They said, "O Moses! make us a

god, as they have gods." He said, "Verily, ye are an ignorant people:

For the worship they practise will be destroyed, and that which they do,

is vain."

He said, "Shall I seek any other god for you than God, when it is He who

hath preferred you above all other peoples?"

And remember when we rescued you from the people of Pharaoh they had

laid on you a cruel affliction; they slew your sons, and let only your

daughters live, and in this was a great trial from your Lord.

And we appointed a meeting with Moses for thirty nights, which we

completed with then other nights, so that his whole time with his Lord amounted

to forty nights. Then said Moses to his brother Aaron, "Take thou my place

among my people, and act rightly, and follow not the way of the corrupt doers."

And when Moses came at our set time and his Lord spake with him, he

said, "O Lord, shew thyself to me, that I may look upon thee." He said, "Thou

shalt not see Me; but look towards the mount, and if it abide firm in its

place, then shalt thou see Me." And when God manifested Himself to the mountain

he turned it to dust! and Moses fell in a swoon.

7:140 And when he came to himself, he said, "Glory be to thee! To thee do I

turn in penitence, and I am the first of them that believe."

He said, "O Moses! thee above all men have I chosen by my commissions,

and by my speaking to thee. Take therefore what I have brought thee, and be

one of those who render thanks.

And we wrote for him upon the tables a monition concerning every

matters, and said, "Receive them thyself with steadfastness, and command thy

people to receive them for the observance of its most goodly precepts: - I

will shew you the abode of the wicked."

The unjustly proud ones of the earth will I turn aside from my signs,

for even if they see every sign they will n ot believe them; and if they see

the path of uprightness, they will not take it for their path, but if they see

the path of error, for their pasty will they take it.

This, - for that they treated our signs as lies, and were heedless of


Vain will be the works of those who treated our signs, and the meeting

of the life to come, as lies! Shall they be rewarded but as they have wrought?

And the people of Moses took during his absence a calf made of their

ornaments, and ruddy like gold, and lowing. Saw they not that it could not

speak to them, nor guide them in the way?
Yet they took it for God and became offenders!

But when they repented, and saw that they had erred, they said, Truly if

our Lord have no mercy on us, and forgive us, we shall surely be of those who


And when Moses returned to his people, wrathful, angered, he said, "Evil

is it that ye have done next upon my departure. Would ye hasten on the

judgments of your Lord?" And he threw down the tables, and seized his brother

by the head and dragged him unto him. Said he, "Son of my mother! the people

thought me weak, and had well nigh slain me. Make not mine enemies to rejoice

over me, and place me not among the wrong doers."

7:150 He said, "O Lord, forgive me and my brother, and bring us into thy

mercy' for of those who shew mercy thou art the most merciful."

Verily as to those who took the calf as a god, wrath from their Lord

shall overtake them, and shame in this present life: for thus recompense we

the devisers of a lie.

But to those who have done evil, then afterwards repent and believe, thy

Lord will thereafter be Lenient, Merciful.

And when the anger of Moses was stilled, he took up the tables; and in

their writing was guidance and mercy for those who dread their Lord.

And Moses chose seventy men of his people for a meeting appointed by us.

And when the earthquake overtook them, he said, "O my Lord! if it had been thy

pleasure, thou hadst destroyed them and me ere this! wilt thou destroy us for

what our foolish ones have done? It is nought by thy trial: thou wilt mislead

by it whom thou wilt, and guide whom thou wilt. Our guardian, thou! Forgive

us then and have mercy on us; for of those who forgive art thou the best:

And write down for us what is good in this world, as well as in the

world to come, for to thee are we guided." He said, "My chastisement shall fall

on whom I will, and my mercy embraceth all things, and I write it down for

those who shall fear me, and pay the alms, and believe in our signs,

Who shall follow the Apostle, the unlettered Prophet - whom they shall

find described with them in the Law and Evangel. What is right will he enjoin

them, and forbid them what is wrong, and will allow them healthful viands and

prohibit the impure, and will ease them of their burden, and of the yokes which

were upon them; and those who shall believe in him, and strengthen him, and

help him, and follow the light which hath been sent down with him, - these are

they with whom it shall be well."

Say to them: O men! Verily I am God's apostle to you all;

Whose is the kingdom of the Heavens and of the Earth! There is no God

but He! He maketh alive and killeth! Therefore believe on God, and his

Apostle - the unlettered Prophet - who believeth in God and his word. And

follow him that ye may be guided aright.

And among the people of Moses there is a certain number who guide others

with truth, and practise what is right according to it.

7:160 And we divided the Israelites into twelve tribes, as nations; and we

revealed unto Moses when the people asked drink of him - "Strike the rock with

thy staff:" and there gushed forth from it twelve fountains - the men all knew

their drinking places. And we caused clouds to overshadow them, and send down

upon them the manna and the quails.... "Eat of the good things with which we

have supplied you." But it was not us whom they injured, but they injured

their own selves:

And when it was said to them, "Dwell in this city, and eat therefrom

what ye will, and say 'Hittat" (forgiveness), and enter the gate with

prostrations; then will we pardon your offences - we will give increase to the

doers of good:"

But the ungodly ones among them changed that word into another than that

which had been told me: therefore sent we forth wrath out of Heaven upon them

for their wrong doings.

And ask them about the city that stood by the sea, when its inhabitants

broke the Sabbath; when their fish came to them on their Sabbath day appearing

openly, but came not to them on the day when they kept no Sabbath. Thus did we

make trial of them, for that they were evildoers.

And when some of them said, why warn ye those whom God would destroy or

chastise with terrible chastisement? they said, For our own excuse with your

Lord; and that they may fear Him.

And when they forgot their warnings, we delivered those who had

forbidden evil; and we inflicted a severe chastisement on those who had done

wrong, for that they were evil doers.

But when they proudly persisted in that which we forbidden, we said to

them, "Become scouted apes;" and then thy Lord declared that until the day of

the resurrection, he would surely send against them (the Jews) those who should

evil entreat and chastise them: for prompt is thy Lord to punish; and He is

Forgiving, Merciful.

And we have divided them upon the Earth as peoples: some of them are

upright and some are otherwise; and by good things and by evil things have we

proved them, to the intent that they might return to us.

And they have had successors to succeed them: they have inherited the

Book: they have received the passing good things of this lower world, and say,

"It will be forgiven us." Yet if the like good things came to them again, they

would against receive them. But hath there not been received on their part a

covenant through the Scripture that they should speak nought of God but the

truth? And yet they study its contents. But the mansion of the next world

hath more value for those who fear God - Do ye not then comprehend? -

And who hold fast the Book, and observe prayer: verily, we will not

suffer the reward of the righteous to perish.

7:170 And when we shook the mount over them as if it had been a shadow, and

they thought it falling upon them... "Received, said we, with steadfastness

what we have brought you, and remember what is therein, to the end that ye may

fear God."

And when thy Lord brought forth their descendants from the reins of the

sons of Adam and took them to witness against themselves, "Am I not," said He,

"your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we witness it." This we did, lest ye should say

on the day of Resurrection, "Truly, of this were we heedless, because


Or lest ye should say, "Our fathers, indeed, aforetime joined other gods

with our God, and we are their seed after them: wilt thou destroy us for the

doings of vain men?"

Thus make we our signs clear: that haply they may return to God.

Receite to them the history of him to whom we vouchsafed our signs, and

who departed from the, so that Satan followed him, and he became one of the


Had we pleased, we had certainly thereby exalted him; but he crouched to

the earth and followed his own list: his likeness, hterefore, is as that of

the dog which lolls out his tongue, whether thou chase him away, or leave him

alone! Such is the likeness of those who treat our signs as lies. Tell them

this tale then, that they may consider.

Evil the likeness of those who treat our signs as lies! and it is

themselves they injure.

He whom God guideth is the guided, and they whom he misleadeth shall be

the lost.

Many, moreover, fo the Djinn and men ahve we created for Hell. Hearts

have they with which they understand not, and eyes have they with which they

see not, and ears have they with which they hearken not. They are like the

brutes: Yea, they go more astray: these are the heedless.

Most excellent titles hath God: by these call ye on Him, and stand

aloof from those who pervert his titles For what they have done shall they be


7:180 And among those whom we have created are a people who guide others with

truth, and in accordance therewith act justly.

But as for those who treat our signs as lies, we will gradually bring

them down by means of which they know not:

And though I lengthen their days, verily, my stratagem shall prove


Will they not bethink them that their companion Muhammad is not

djinn-possessed? Yes, his office is only that of plain warner.

Will they not look forth on thr realms of the Heaven and of the Earth,

and on all things which God hath made, to see whether haply their end by not

drawing on? And in what other book will they believe who reject the Koran?

No other guide for him whom God shall mislead! He will leave them

distraught in their wanderings.

They will ask thee of the Hour - for what time is its coming fixed?

Say: The knowledge of it is only with my Lord: none shall manifest it in its

time but He: it is the burden of the Heavens and of the Earth: not otherwise

than on a sudden will it come on you.

They will ask thee as if thou wast privy to it. Say: The knowledge of

ti is with none but God. But most men know not this.

Say: I have no control over what may be helpful or hurtful to me, but

as God willeth. Had I the knowledge of this secrets, I should revel in the

good, and evil should not touch me. But I am only a warner, and an announcer

of good tidings to those who believe.

He it is who hath created you from a single person, and from him brought

forth his wife that he might dwell with her: and when he had known her, she

bore a light burden, and went about with it; and when it became heavy, they

both cried to God their Lord, "If thou give us a perfect child we will surely

be of the thankful."

7:190 Yet when God had given them a perfect child, they joined partners with

Him in return for what he had given them. But high is God above the partners

they joined with Him!

What! Will they join those with Him who cannot create anything, and are

themselves created, and have no power to help them, or to help themselves?

And if ye summon them to "the guidance," they will not follow you! It

is the same to them whether y summon them or whether ye hold your peace!

Truly they whom ye call on beside God, are, like yourselves, His

servants! Call on them then, and let them answer you, if what ye say of them

be true!

Have they feet to walk with? Have they hands to hold with? Have they

eyes to see with? Have they ears to hear with? Say: Call on this joint gods

of yours; then make your plot against me, and delay it not.

Verily, my Lord is God, who hath send down "the Book;" and He is the

protector of the righteous.

But they whom ye call on beside Him, can lend you no help, nor can they

help themselves:

And if ye summon them to "the guidance," they hear you not: thou seest

them look towards thee, but they do not see!

Make the best of things; and enjoin what is just, and withdraw from the


And if stirrings to evil from Satan stir thee, fly thou for refuge to

God: He verily heareth, knoweth!

7:200 Verily, they who fear God, when some phantom from Satan toucheth them,

remember Him, and lo! they see clearly.

Their Brethren will only continue them in error, and cannot preserve

themselves from it.

And when thou bringest not a verse (sign) of the Koran to them, they

say, "hast thou not yet patched it up? Say: I only follow my Lord's

utterances to me. This is a clear proof on the part of your Lord, and a

guidance and a mercy for those who believe.

And when the Koran is read, then listen ye to it and keep silence, that

haply ye may obtain mercy.

And think within thine own self on God, with lowliness and with fear and

without loud spoken words, at even and at morn; and be not one of the heedless.

Verily they who are round about thy Lord disdain not His service. They

praise Him and prostrate themselves before Him.

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