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Hadith : Bukhari Vol 6
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 60:
Prophetic Commentary on
the Qur'an (Tafseer of the
Prophet (pbuh))
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 1:
Narrated Abu Said bin Al-Mu'alla:
While I was praying in the Mosque, Allah's
Apostle called me but I did not respond to him.
Later I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I was praying."
He said, "Didn't Allah say'--"Give your response
to Allah (by obeying Him) and to His Apostle
when he calls you." (8.24)
He then said to me, "I will teach you a Sura
which is the greatest Sura in the Qur'an, before
you leave the Mosque." Then he got hold of my
hand, and when he intended to leave (the
Mosque), I said to him, "Didn't you say to me, 'I

will teach you a Sura which is the greatest Sura in

the Quran?' He said, "Al-Hamdu-Lillah
Rabbi-l-Alamin (i.e. Praise be to Allah, the Lord
of the worlds) which is Al-Sab'a Al-Mathani (i.e.
seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the Grand
Qur'an which has been given to me."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 2:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "When the Imam says:
'Ghair-il-Maghdubi 'Alaihim Walad-Dallin (i.e.
not the path of those who earn Your Anger, nor
the path of those who went astray (1.7)), then
you must say, 'Ameen', for if one's utterance of

'Ameen' coincides with that of the angels, then his

past sins will be forgiven."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 3:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection
the Believers will assemble and say, 'Let us ask
somebody to intercede for us with our Lord.' So
they will go to Adam and say, 'You are the father
of all the people, and Allah created you with His
Own Hands, and ordered the angels to prostrate

to you, and taught you the names of all things; so

please intercede for us with your Lord, so that
He may relieve us from this place of ours.' Adam

will say, 'I am not fit for this (i.e. intercession for

you).' Then Adam will remember his sin and feel
ashamed thereof. He will say, 'Go to Noah, for
he was the first Apostle, Allah sent to the

inhabitants of the earth.' They will go to him and

Noah will say,
'I am not fit for this undertaking.' He will
remember his appeal to his Lord to do what he
had no knowledge of, then he will feel ashamed
thereof and will say, 'Go to the Khalil--r-Rahman
(i.e. Abraham).' They will go to him and he will
say, 'I am not fit for this undertaking. Go to
Moses, the slave to whom Allah spoke (directly)
and gave him the Torah .' So they will go to him

and he will say, 'I am not fit for this undertaking.'

and he will mention (his) killing a person who
was not a killer, and so he will feel ashamed
thereof before his Lord, and he will say, 'Go to
Jesus, Allah's Slave, His Apostle and Allah's
Word and a Spirit coming from Him. Jesus will
say, 'I am not fit for this undertaking, go to
Muhammad the Slave of Allah whose past and
future sins were forgiven by Allah.' So they will
come to me and I will proceed till I will ask my
Lord's Permission and I will be given permission.
When I see my Lord, I will fall down in

Prostration and He will let me remain in that state

as long as He wishes and then I will be
addressed.' (Muhammad!) Raise your head.
Ask, and your request will be granted; say, and
your saying will be listened to; intercede, and
your intercession will be accepted.' I will raise
my head and praise Allah with a saying (i.e.
invocation) He will teach me, and then I will

intercede. He will fix a limit for me (to intercede

for) whom I will admit into Paradise. Then I will
come back again to Allah, and when I see my
Lord, the same thing will happen to me. And then

I will intercede and Allah will fix a limit for me to

intercede whom I will let into Paradise, then I will

come back for the third time; and then I will
come back for the fourth time, and will say,
'None remains in Hell but those whom the Quran
has imprisoned (in Hell) and who have been
destined to an eternal stay in Hell.' " (The
compiler) Abu 'Abdullah said: 'But those whom
the Qur'an has imprisoned in Hell,' refers to the
Statement of Allah:
"They will dwell therein forever." (16.29)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 4:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
I asked the Prophet, "What is the greatest sin in
the Sight of Allah?" He said, "That you set up a
rival unto Allah though He Alone created you." I
said, "That is indeed a great sin." Then asked,

"What is next?" He said, "To kill your son lest he

should share your food with you." I asked,
"What is next?" He said, "To commit illegal
sexual intercourse with the wife of your
neighbor."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 5:
Narrated Said bin Zaid:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Kam'a (i.e. a kind of
edible fungus) is like the Manna (in that it is
obtained without effort) and its water is a
(medicine) cure for eye trouble."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 6:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "It was said to the children of

Israel, 'Enter the gate (of the town), prostrate (in

humility) and say: Hittatun (i.e. repentance) i.e. O

Allah!
Forgive our sins.' But they entered by dragging
themselves on their buttocks, so they did
something different (from what they had been
ordered to do) and said, 'Hittatun,' but added,
"A grain in a hair."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 7:
Narrated Anas:
'Abdullah bin Salam heard the news of the arrival
of Allah's Apostle (at Medina) while he was on a
farm collecting its fruits. So he came to the
Prophet and said, "I will ask you about three
things which nobody knows unless he be a

prophet. Firstly, what is the first portent of the

Hour? What is the first meal of the people of
Paradise? And what makes a baby look like its
father or mother?'. The Prophet said, "Just now
Gabriel has informed me about that." 'Abdullah
said, "Gabriel?" The Prophet said, "Yes."
'Abdullah said, "He, among the angels is the
enemy of the Jews." On that the Prophet recited
this Holy Verse:--
"Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel (let him die in

his fury!) for he has brought it (i.e. Qur'an) down

to your heart by Allah's permission." (2.97) Then

he added, "As for the first portent of the Hour, it

will be a fire that will collect the people from the

East to West. And as for the first meal of the
people of Paradise, it will be the caudite (i.e.
extra) lobe of the fish liver. And if a man's
discharge proceeded that of the woman, then the
child resembles the father, and if the woman's
discharge proceeded that of the man, then the
child resembles the mother." On hearing that,

'Abdullah said, "I testify that None has the right

to be worshipped but Allah, and that you are the
Apostle of Allah, O, Allah's Apostle; the Jews
are liars, and if they should come to know that I
have embraced Islam, they would accuse me of
being a liar." In the meantime some Jews came
(to the Prophet) and he asked them, "What is
'Abdullah's status amongst you?" They replied,
"He is the best amongst us, and he is our chief
and the son of our chief." The Prophet said,
"What would you think if 'Abdullah bin Salam
embraced Islam?" They replied, "May Allah
protect him from this!" Then 'Abdullah came out

and said, "I testify that None has the right to be

worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the
Apostle of Allah." The Jews then said, "Abdullah

is the worst of us and the son of the worst of us,"

and disparaged him. On that 'Abdullah said, "O
Allah's Apostle! This is what I was afraid of!"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 8:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Umar said, "Our best Qur'an reciter is Ubai and
our best judge is 'Ali; and in spite of this, we
leave some of the statements of Ubai because
Ubai says, 'I do not leave anything that I have
heard from Allah's Apostle while Allah:
"Whatever verse (Revelations) do We abrogate
or cause to be forgotten but We bring a better
one or similar to it." (2.106)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 9:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, "Allah said, 'The son of Adam

tells a lie against me though he has no right to do

so, and he abuses Me though he has no right to

do so. As for his telling a lie against Me, it is that

he claims that I cannot recreate him as I created
him before; and as for his abusing Me, it is his
statement that I have offspring. No! Glorified be
Me! I am far from taking a wife or offspring.' "
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 10:
Narrated Anas:
Umar said, "I agreed with Allah in three things,"
or said, "My Lord agreed with me in three things.
I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Would that you took
the station of Abraham as a place of prayer.' I
also said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Good and bad
persons visit you! Would that you ordered the
Mothers of the believers to cover themselves

with veils.' So the Divine Verses of Al-Hijab (i.e.

veiling of the women) were revealed. I came to
know that the Prophet had blamed some of his
wives so I entered upon them and said, 'You

should either stop (troubling the Prophet ) or else

Allah will give His Apostle better wives than
you.' When I came to one of his wives, she said
to me, 'O 'Umar! Does Allah's Apostle haven't
what he could advise his wives with, that you try
to advise them?' " Thereupon Allah revealed:--

"It may be, if he divorced you (all) his Lord will

give him instead of you, wives better than you
Muslims (who submit to Allah).." (66.5)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 11:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(The wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle said,
"Don't you see that when your people built the
Ka'ba, they did not build it on all Abraham's
foundations?" I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why
don't you rebuild it on Abraham's foundations?"
He said, "Were your people not so close to (the
period of Heathenism, i.e. the Period between
their being Muslims and being infidels), I would
do so." The sub-narrator, 'Abdullah bin 'Umar
said, "Aisha had surely heard Allah's Apostle

saying that, for I do not think that Allah's Apostle

left touching the two corners of the Ka'ba facing
Al-Hijr except because the Ka'ba was not built
on all Abraham's foundations."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 12:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The people of the Scripture (Jews) used to recite
the Torah in Hebrew and they used to explain it
in Arabic to the Muslims. On that Allah's Apostle
said, "Do not believe the people of the Scripture
or disbelieve them, but say:-- "We believe in
Allah and what is revealed to us." (2.136)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 13:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The Prophet prayed facing Bait-ulMaqdis (i.e.
Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months but
he wished that his Qibla would be the Ka'ba (at
Mecca). (So Allah Revealed (2.144) and he
offered 'Asr prayers(in his Mosque facing Ka'ba
at Mecca) and some people prayed with him. A
man from among those who had prayed with
him, went out and passed by some people
offering prayer in another mosque, and they were
in the state of bowing. He said, "I, (swearing by

Allah,) testify that I have prayed with the Prophet

facing Mecca." Hearing that, they turned their
faces to the Ka'ba while they were still bowing.
Some men had died before the Qibla was
changed towards the Ka'ba. They had been
killed and we did not know what to say about
them (i.e. whether their prayers towards
Jerusalem were accepted or not). So Allah
revealed:-- "And Allah would never make your
faith (i.e. prayer) to be lost (i.e. your prayers
offered (towards Jerusalem). Truly Allah is Full
of Pity, Most Merciful towards mankind."
(2.143)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 14:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle said, "Noah will be called on the
Day of Resurrection and he will say, 'Labbaik
and Sa'daik, O my Lord!' Allah will say, 'Did
you convey the Message?' Noah will say, 'Yes.'
His nation will then be asked, 'Did he convey the
Message to you?' They will say, 'No Warner
came to us.' Then Allah will say (to Noah), 'Who
will bear witness in your favor?' He will say,
'Muhammad and his followers. So they (i.e.
Muslims) will testify that he conveyed the
Message. And the Apostle (Muhammad) will be
a witness over yourselves, and that is what is
meant by the Statement of Allah "Thus We have
made of you a just and the best nation that you
may be witnesses over mankind and the Apostle
(Muhammad) will be a witness over yourselves."
(2.143)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 15:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
While some people were offering Fajr prayer in
the Quba' mosque, some-one came and said,
"Allah has revealed to the Prophet Qur'anic

instructions that you should face the Ka'ba (while

praying) so you too, should face it." Those
people then turned towards the Ka'ba.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 16:
Narrated Anas:
None remains of those who prayed facing both
Qiblas (that is, Jerusalem and Mecca) except
myself.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 17:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
While some people were offering morning prayer
at Quba' a man came to them and said, "A
Quranic Order has been revealed to Allah's
Apostle tonight that he should face the Ka'ba at
Mecca (in prayer), so you too should turn your
faces towards it." At that moment their faces
were towards Sham (i.e. Jerusalem) (and on
hearing that) they turned towards the Ka'ba (at
Mecca).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 18:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
While some people were offering Fajr prayer at
Quba' (mosque), some-one came to them and
said, "Tonight some Qur'anic Verses have been
revealed to the Prophet and he has been ordered
to face the Ka'ba (at Mecca) (during prayers),
so you too should turn your faces towards it." At
that time their faces were towards Sham
(Jerusalem) so they turned towards the Ka'ba (at
Mecca).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 19:
Narrated Al-Bara:
We prayed along with the Prophet facing
Jerusalem for sixteen or seventeen months. Then
Allah ordered him to turn his face towards the
Qibla (in Mecca):--
"And from whence-so-ever you start forth (for
prayers) turn your face in the direction of (the
Sacred Mosque of Mecca) Al-Masjid-ul
Haram.." (2.149)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 20:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
While some people were at Quba (offering)
morning prayer, a man came to them and said,
"Last night Quranic Verses have been revealed
whereby the Prophet has been ordered to face
the Ka'ba (at Mecca), so you too should face it."
So they, keeping their postures, turned towards
the Ka'ba. Formerly the people were facing
Sham (Jerusalem) (Allah said):--
"And from whence-so-ever you start forth (for
prayers), turn your face in the direction of the
Sacred Mosque of Mecca
(Al-Masjid-ul-Haram), and whence-so-ever you
are, turn your face towards it (when you pray)"
(2.150)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 21:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
While some people were offering Fajr prayer at
Quba mosque, someone came to them and said,
"Quranic literature" has been revealed to Allah's
Apostle tonight, and he has been ordered to face
the Ka'ba (of Mecca) so you too, should turn
your faces towards it. Their faces were then
towards Sham (Jerusalem), so they turned
towards the Qibla (i.e. Ka'ba of Mecca)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 22:
Narrated Urwa:
I said to 'Aisha, the wife of the Prophet, and I
was at that time a young boy, "How do you
interpret the Statement of Allah:
"Verily, Safa and Marwa (i.e. two mountains at
Mecca) are among the Symbols of Allah."
So it is not harmful of those who perform the
Hajj to the House of Allah) or perform the Umra,
to ambulate (Tawaf) between them. In my
opinion it is not sinful for one not to ambulate
(Tawaf) between them." 'Aisha said, "Your
interpretation is wrong for as you say, the Verse
should have been: "So it is not harmful of those
who perform the Hajj or Umra to the House, not
to ambulate (Tawaf) between them.' This Verse
was revealed in connection with the Ansar who
(during the Pre-Islamic Period) used to visit
Manat (i.e. an idol) after assuming their Ihram,
and it was situated near Qudaid (i.e. a place at
Mecca), and they used to regard it sinful to
ambulate between Safa and Marwa after
embracing Islam. When Islam came, they asked
Allah's Apostle about it, whereupon Allah
revealed:--
"Verily, Safa and Marwa (i.e. two mountains at
Mecca) are among the Symbols of Allah. So it is
not harmful of those who perform the Hajj of the
House (of Allah) or perform the Umra, to
ambulate (Tawaf) between them." (2.158)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 23:
Narrated 'Asim bin Sulaiman:
I asked Anas bin Malik about Safa and Marwa.
Anas replied, "We used to consider (i.e. going
around) them a custom of the Pre-islamic period
of Ignorance, so when Islam came, we gave up
going around them. Then Allah revealed" "Verily,
Safa and Marwa (i.e. two mountains at Mecca)
are among the Symbols of Allah. So it is not
harmful of those who perform the Hajj of the
House (of Allah) or perform the Umra to
ambulate (Tawaf) between them." (2.158)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 24:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The Prophet said one statement and I said
another. The Prophet said "Whoever dies while

still invoking anything other than Allah as a rival

to Allah, will enter Hell (Fire)." And I said,
"Whoever dies without invoking anything as a
rival to Allah, will enter Paradise."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 25:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The law of Qisas (i.e. equality in punishment)

was prescribed for the children of Israel, but the

Diya (i.e. blood money was not ordained for

them). So Allah said to this Nation (i.e. Muslims):

"O you who believe! The law of Al-Qisas (i.e.
equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in
cases of murder: The free for the free, the slave

for the slave, and the female for the female. But if

the relatives (or one of them) of the killed
(person) forgive their brother (i.e. the killers

something of Qisas (i.e. not to kill the killer by

accepting blood money in the case of intentional
murder)----then the relatives (of the killed
person) should demand blood-money in a
reasonable manner and the killer must pay with
handsome gratitude. This is an allevitation and a
Mercy from your Lord, (in comparison to what
was prescribed for the nations before you).

So after this, whoever transgresses the limits (i.e.

to kill the killer after taking the blood-money)
shall have a painful torment." (2.178)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 26:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "The prescribed Law of Allah

is the equality in punishment (i.e. Al-Qisas)." (In

cases of murders, etc.)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 27:
Narrated Anas:

That his aunt, Ar-Rubai' broke an incisor tooth of

a girl. My aunt's family requested the girl's
relatives for forgiveness but they refused; then
they proposed a compensation, but they refused.
Then they went to Allah's Apostle and refused
everything except Al-Qisas (i.e. equality in
punishment). So Allah's Apostle passed the
judgment of Al-Qisas (i.e. equality of
punishment). Anas bin Al-Nadr said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Will the incisor tooth of Ar-Rubai be
broken? No, by Him Who sent you with the
Truth, her incisor tooth will not be broken."
Allah's Apostle said, "O Anas! The prescribed
law of Allah is equality in punishment (i.e.
Al-Qisas.)" Thereupon those people became
satisfied and forgave her. Then Allah's Apostle
said, "Among Allah's Worshippers there are
some who, if they took Allah's Oath (for
something), Allah fulfill their oaths."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 28:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Fasting was observed on the day of 'Ashura' (i.e.
10th of Muharram) by the people of the
Pre-lslamic Period. But when (the order of
compulsory fasting) in the month of Ramadan
was revealed, the Prophet said, "It is up to one
to fast on it (i.e. day of 'Ashura') or not."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 29:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The people used to fast on the day of 'Ashura'
before fasting in Ramadan was prescribed but
when (the order of compulsory fasting in)
Ramadan was revealed, it was up to one to fast
on it (i.e. 'Ashura') or not.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 30:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
That Al-Ash'ath entered upon him while he was
eating. Al-Ash'ath said, "Today is 'Ashura." I
said (to him), "Fasting had been observed (on
such a day) before (the order of compulsory
fasting in) Ramadan was revealed. But when (the
order of fasting in) Ramadan was revealed,
fasting (on 'Ashura') was given up, so come and
eat."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 31:
Narrated Aisha:
During the Pre-lslamic Period of ignorance the
Quraish used to observe fasting on the day of
'Ashura', and the Prophet himself used to
observe fasting on it too. But when he came to
Medina, he fasted on that day and ordered the
Muslims to fast on it. When (the order of
compulsory fasting in ) Ramadan was revealed,
fasting in Ramadan became an obligation, and
fasting on 'Ashura' was given up, and who ever

wished to fast (on it) did so, and whoever did not

wish to fast on it, did not fast.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 32:
Narrated 'Ata:
That he heard Ibn 'Abbas reciting the Divine
Verse:--
"And for those who can fast they had a choice
either fast, or feed a poor for every day.."
(2.184) Ibn 'Abbas said, "This Verse is not
abrogated, but it is meant for old men and old
women who have no strength to fast, so they
should feed one poor person for each day of
fasting (instead of fasting)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 33:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn 'Umar recited:

"They had a choice, either fast or feed a poor for

every day.." and added, "This Verse is
abrogated."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 34:
Narrated Salama:
When the Divine Revelation:
"For those who can fast, they had a choice either
fast, or feed a poor for every day," (2.184) was
revealed, it was permissible for one to give a
ransom and give up fasting, till the Verse
succeeding it was revealed and abrogated it.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 35:
Narrated Al-Bara:
When the order of compulsory fasting of
Ramadan was revealed, the people did not have
sexual relations with their wives for the whole
month of Ramadan, but some men cheated

themselves (by violating that restriction). So Allah

revealed:-- "Allah is aware that you were
deceiving yourselves but He accepted your
repentance and for gave you.." (3.187)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 36:
Narrated Ash-Sha'bi:
'Adi took a white rope (or thread) and a black
one, and when some part of the night had
passed, he looked at them but he could not
distinguish one from the other. The next morning

he said, "O Allah's Apostle! I put (a white thread

and a black thread) underneath my pillow." The

Prophet said, "Then your pillow is too wide if the

white thread (of dawn) and the black thread (of
the night) are underneath your pillow! "
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 37:
Narrated 'Adi bin Hatim:
I said, "O Allah's Apostle! What is the meaning
of the white thread distinct from the black
thread? Are these two threads?" He said, "You

are not intelligent if you watch the two threads."

He then added, "No, it is the darkness of the
night and the whiteness of the day.''
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 38:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad: The Verse:--
"And eat and drink until the white thread appears
to you distinct from the black thread." was
revealed, but: '... of dawn' was not revealed
(along with it) so some men, when intending to

fast, used to tie their legs, one with white thread

and the other with black thread and would keep
on eating till they could distinguish one thread

from the other. Then Allah revealed' ... of dawn,'

whereupon they understood that meant the night
and the day.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 39:
Narrated Al-Bara:
In the Pre-lslamic Period when the people
assumed Ihram, they would enter their houses
from the back. So Allah revealed:--

"And it is not righteousness that you enter houses

from the back, but the righteous man is he who
fears Allah, obeys His Orders and keeps away
from what He has forbidden. So enter houses
through their doors." (2.189)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 40:
Narrated Nafi':
During the affliction of Ibn Az-Zubair, two men
came to Ibn 'Umar and said, "The people are
lost, and you are the son of 'Umar, and the
companion of the Prophet, so what forbids you
from coming out?" He said, "What forbids me is
that Allah has prohibited the shedding of my
brother's blood." They both said, "Didn't Allah
say, 'And fight then until there is no more

affliction?" He said "We fought until there was no

more affliction and the worship is for Allah
(Alone while you want to fight until there is
affliction and until the worship become for other
than Allah."
Narrated Nafi (through another group of
sub-narrators): A man came to Ibn 'Umar and
said, "O Abu Abdur Rahman! What made you
perform Hajj in one year and Umra in another
year and leave the Jihad for Allah' Cause though
you know how much Allah recommends it?" Ibn
'Umar replied, "O son of my brother! Islam is
founded on five principles, i.e. believe in Allah
and His Apostle, the five compulsory prayers,
the fasting of the month of Ramadan, the
payment of Zakat, and the Hajj to the House (of
Allah)." The man said, "O Abu Abdur Rahman!
Won't you listen to why Allah has mentioned in
His Book: 'If two groups of believers fight each
other, then make peace between them, but if one
of then transgresses beyond bounds against the
other, then you all fight against the one that
transgresses. (49.9) and:--"And fight them till
there is no more affliction (i.e. no more
worshiping of others along with Allah)." Ibn
'Umar said, "We did it, during the lifetime of
Allah's Apostle when Islam had only a few
followers. A man would be put to trial because
of his religion; he would either be killed or
tortured. But when the Muslims increased, there
was no more afflictions or oppressions." The man
said, "What is your opinion about 'Uthman and
'Ali?" Ibn 'Umar said, "As for 'Uthman, it seems
that Allah has forgiven him, but you people

dislike that he should be forgiven. And as for 'Ali,

he is the cousin of Allah's Apostle and his
son-in-law." Then he pointed with his hand and
said, "That is his house which you see."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 41:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Hudhaifa said, "The Verse:--
"And spend (of your wealth) in the Cause of
Allah and do not throw yourselves in
destruction," (2.195) was revealed concerning
spending in Allah's Cause (i.e. Jihad)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 42:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Maqal:

I sat with Ka'b bin Ujra in this mosque, i.e. Kufa

Mosque, and asked him about the meaning

of:--"Pay a ransom (i.e. Fidya) of either fasting or

- - - - (2.196) He said, "I was taken to the
Prophet while lice were falling on my face. The
Prophet said, 'I did not think that your trouble
reached to such an extent. Can you afford to
slaughter a sheep (as a ransom for shaving your

head)?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'Then fast for three

days, or feed six poor persons by giving half a Sa

of food for each and shave your head.' So the
above Verse was revealed especially for me and
generally for all of you."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 43:
Narrated 'Imran bin Husain:
The Verse of Hajj-at-Tamatu was revealed in
Allah's Book, so we performed it with Allah's
Apostle, and nothing was revealed in Qur'an to

make it illegal, nor did the Prophet prohibit it till

he died. But the man (who regarded it illegal) just

expressed what his own mind suggested.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 44:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
'Ukaz, Mijanna and Dhul-Majaz were markets
during the Pre-islamic Period. They (i.e.

Muslims) considered it a sin to trade there during

the Hajj time (i.e. season), so this Verse was
revealed:-- "There is no harm for you if you seek
of the Bounty of your Lord during the Hajj
season." (2.198)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 45:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Quraish people and those who embraced

their religion, used to stay at Muzdalifa and used

to call themselves Al-Hums, while the rest of the
Arabs used to stay at 'Arafat. When Islam came,
Allah ordered His Prophet to go to 'Arafat and

stay at it, and then pass on from there, and that is

what is meant by the Statement of Allah:--"Then
depart from the place whence all the people
depart......" (2.199)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 46:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
A man who wants to perform the Hajj (from
Mecca) can perform the Tawaf around the

Ka'ba as long as he is not in the state of Ihram till

he assumes the Ihram for Hajj. Then, if he rides
and proceeds to 'Arafat, he should take a Hadi

(i.e. animal for sacrifice), either a camel or a cow

or a sheep, whatever he can afford; but if he
cannot afford it, he should fast for three days
during the Hajj before the day of 'Arafat, but if

the third day of his fasting happens to be the day

of 'Arafat (i.e. 9th of Dhul-Hijja) then it is no sin

for him (to fast on it). Then he should proceed to

'Arafat and stay there from the time of the 'Asr

prayer till darkness falls. Then the pilgrims should

proceed from 'Arafat, and when they have
departed from it, they reach Jam' (i.e.
Al-Muzdalifa) where they ask Allah to help them

to be righteous and dutiful to Him, and there they

remember Allah greatly or say Takbir (i.e. Allah

is Greater) and Tahlil (i.e. None has the right to

be worshipped but Allah) repeatedly before
dawn breaks. Then, after offering the morning
(Fajr) prayer you should pass on (to Mina) for
the people used to do so and Allah said:--
"Then depart from the place whence all the
people depart. And ask for Allah's Forgiveness.
Truly! Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."
(2.199) Then you should go on doing so till you
throw pebbles over the Jamra.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 47:
Narrated Anas :
The Prophet used to say, "O Allah! Our Lord!
Give us in this world that, which is good and in
the Hereafter that, which is good and save us
from the torment of the Fire." (2.201)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 48:
Narrated 'Aisha :
The Prophet said, "The most hated man in the
Sight of Allah is the one who is the most
quarrelsome." Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet
said, "Or do you think that you shall enter
Paradise without such (trials) as came to those
who passed away before you?" (2.214)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 49:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
Ibn 'Abbas recited: "(Respite will be granted)
until when the Apostles gave up hope (of their
people) and thought that they were denied (by
their people). There came to them Our Help ...."
(12.110) reading Kudhibu without doubling the
sound 'dh', and that was what he understood of
the Verse. Then he went on reciting: "..even the
Apostle and those who believed along with him
said: When (will come) Allah's Help? Yes, verily,
Allah's Help is near." (2.214)
Then I met 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair and I mentioned
that to him. He said, "Aisha said, 'Allah forbid!
By Allah, Allah never promised His Apostle
anything but he knew that it would certainly
happen before he died. But trials were
continuously presented before the Apostles till
they were afraid that their followers would

accuse them of telling lies. So I used to recite:--

"Till they (come to) think that they were treated
as liars." reading 'Kudh-dhibu with double 'dh.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 50:
Narrated Nafi':
Whenever Ibn 'Umar recited the Qur'an, he

would not speak to anyone till he had finished his

recitation. Once I held the Qur'an and he recited
Surat-al-Baqara from his memory and then
stopped at a certain Verse and said, "Do you
know in what connection this Verse was
revealed? " I replied, "No." He said, "It was
revealed in such-and-such connection." Ibn
'Umar then resumed his recitation. Nafi added
regarding the Verse:--"So go to your tilth when
or how you will" Ibn 'Umar said, "It means one
should approach his wife in .."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 51:
Narrated Jabir:
Jews used to say: "If one has sexual intercourse

with his wife from the back, then she will deliver

a squint-eyed child." So this Verse was
revealed:--
"Your wives are a tilth unto you; so go to your
tilth when or how you will." (2.223)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 52:
Narrated Al-Hasan:
The sister of Ma'qal bin Yasar was divorced by

her husband who left her till she had fulfilled her

term of 'Iddat (i.e. the period which should
elapse before she can Remarry) and then he
wanted to remarry her but Maqal refused, so this
Verse was revealed:--
"Do not prevent them from marrying their
(former) husbands." (2.232)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 53:
Narrated Ibn Az-Zubair:
I said to 'Uthman bin 'Affan (while he was
collecting the Qur'an) regarding the Verse:--
"Those of you who die and leave wives ..."
(2.240) "This Verse was abrogated by an other
Verse. So why should you write it? (Or leave it
in the Qur'an)?" 'Uthman said. "O son of my
brother! I will not shift anything of it from its
place."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 54:
Narrated Mujahi:
(regarding the Verse):-- "Those of you who die
and leave wives behind. They - (their wives) --
shall wait (as regards their marriage ) for four
months and ten days)." (2.234)
The widow, according to this Verse, was to
spend this period of waiting with her husband's
family, so Allah revealed: "Those of you who die
and leave wives (i.e. widows) should bequeath
for their wives, a year's maintenance and
residences without turning them out, but if they
leave (their residence), there is no blame on you
for what they do with themselves provided it is
honorable.' (i.e. lawful marriage) (2.240).
So Allah entitled the widow to be bequeathed
extra maintenance for seven months and twenty

nights, and that is the completion of one year. If

she wished she could stay (in her husband's
home) according to the will, and she could leave
it if she wished, as Allah says:

"..without turning them out, but if they leave (the

residence), there is no blame on you." So the
'Idda (i.e. four months and ten days as it) is
obligatory for her.
'Ata said: Ibn 'Abbas said, "This Verse, i.e. the

Statement of Allah: "..without turning them out.."

cancelled the obligation of staying for the waiting

period in her dead husband's house, and she can
complete this period wherever she likes." 'Ata's
aid: If she wished, she could complete her 'Idda
by staying in her dead husband's residence
according to the will or leave it according to
Allah's Statement:--
"There is no blame on you for what they do with

themselves." 'Ata' added: Later the regulations of

inheritance came and abrogated the order of the
dwelling of the widow (in her dead husband's
house), so she could complete the 'Idda
wherever she likes. And it was no longer
necessary to provide her with a residence. Ibn
'Abbas said, "This Verse abrogated her (i.e.
widow's) dwelling in her dead husband's house
and she could complete the 'Idda (i.e. four
months and ten days) wherever she liked, as
Allah's Statement says:--"...without turning them
out..."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 55:
Narrated Muhammad bin Sirin:
I sat in a gathering in which the chiefs of the
Ansar were present, and Abdur-Rahman bin
Abu Laila was amongst them. I mentioned the
narration of 'Abdullah bin 'Utba regarding the
question of Subai'a bint Al-Harith.
Abdur-Rahman said, "But 'Abdullah's uncle used

not to say so." I said, "I am too brave if I tell a lie

concerning a person who is now in Al-Kufa,"
and I raised my voice. Then I went out and met
Malik bin 'Amir or Malik bin 'Auf, and said,
"What was the verdict of Ibn Mas'ud about the
pregnant widow whose husband had died?" He
replied, "Ibn Mas'ud said, 'Why do you impose
on her the hard order and don't let her make use
of the leave? The shorter Sura of women (i.e.
Surat-at-Talaq) was revealed after the longer

Sura (i.e. Surat-al-Baqara)." (i.e. Her 'Idda is up

till she delivers.)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 56:
Narrated 'Ali:
The Prophet said (as below Hadith 57)).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 57:
Narrated 'Ali: on the day of Al-Khandaq (the
battle of the Trench). the Prophet said
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 58:
Narrated Zaid bin Arqam:
We used to speak while in prayer. One of us
used to speak to his brother (while in prayer)
about his need, till the Verse was revealed:--
"Guard strictly the (five obligatory) prayers,
especially the middle (the Best) (Asr) Prayer and
stand before Allah with obedience (and not to
speak to others during the prayers)." Then we
were ordered not to speak in the prayers.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 59:
Narrated Nafi':
Whenever 'Abdullah bin 'Umar was asked about

Salat-al-Khauf (i.e. prayer of fear) he said, "The

Imam comes forward with a group of people and
leads them in a one Rak'a prayer while another
group from them who has not prayed yet, stay
between the praying group and the enemy. When
those who are with the Imam have finished their
one Rak'a, they retreat and take the positions of

those who have not prayed but they will not finish

their prayers with Taslim. Those who have not
prayed, come forward to offer a Rak'a with the
Imam (while the first group covers them from the
enemy). Then the Imam, having offered two
Rakat, finishes his prayer. Then each member of
the two groups offer the second Rak'a alone
after the Imam has finished his prayer. Thus each
one of the two groups will have offered two

Rakat. But if the fear is too great, they can pray

standing on their feet or riding on their mounts,
facing the Qibla or not." Nafi added: I do not
think that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar narrated this
except from Allah's Apostle (See Hadith No.
451, Vol 5 to know exactly "The Fear Prayer.")
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 60:
Narrated Ibn Az-Zubair:
I said to 'Uthman, "This Verse which is in
Surat-al-Baqara:
"Those of you who die and leave widows
behind...without turning them out." has been
abrogated by another Verse. Why then do you

write it (in the Qur'an)?" 'Uthman said. "Leave it

(where it is), O the son of my brother, for I will

not shift anything of it (i.e. the Quran) from its

original position."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 61:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "We have more right to be
in doubt than Abraham when he said, 'My Lord!
Show me how You give life to the dead.' He
said, 'Do you not believe?' He said, 'Yes (I
believe) but to be stronger in Faith.' "(2.260)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 62:
Narrated Ubaid bin Umair: Once 'Umar (bin
Al-Khattab) said to the companions of the
Prophet "What do you think about this
Verse:--"Does any of you wish that he should
have a garden?" They replied, "Allah knows
best." 'Umar became angry and said, "Either say
that you know or say that you do not know!" On
that Ibn Abbas said, "O chief of the believers! I
have something in my mind to say about it."
Umar said, "O son of my brother! Say, and do
not under estimate yourself." Ibn Abbas said,
"This Verse has been set up as an example for
deeds." Umar said, "What kind of deeds?" Ibn
Abbas said, "For deeds." Umar said, "This is an
example for a rich man who does goods out of
obedience of Allah and then Allah sends him
Satan whereupon he commits sins till all his good
deeds are lost."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 63:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The poor person is not the
one for whom a date or two or a morsel or two
(of food is sufficient but the poor person is he
who does not (beg or) ask the people (for
something) or show his poverty at all. Recite if
you wish, (Allah's Statement):
"They do not beg of people at all." (2.273)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 64:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When the Verses of Surat-al-Baqara regarding
usury (i.e. Riba) were revealed, Allah's Apostle
recited them before the people and then he
prohibited the trade of alcoholic liquors.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 65:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When the last Verses of Surat-al-Baqara were
revealed. Allah's Apostle went out and recited
them in the Mosque and prohibited the trade of
alcoholic liquors.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 66:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When the last Verses of Surat-al-Baqara were
revealed, the Prophet read them in the Mosque

and prohibited the trade of alcoholic liquors. "If

the debtor is in difficulty, grant him time till it is

easy for him to repay.." (2.280)
Narrated 'Aisha: When the last Verses of
Surat-al-Baqara were revealed, Allah's Apostle
stood up and recited them before us and then
prohibited the trade of alcoholic liquors.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 67:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The last Verse (in the Quran) revealed to the
Prophet was the Verse dealing with usury (i.e.
Riba).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 68:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
This Verse:--"Whether you show what is in your
minds or conceal it.." (2.284) was abrogated.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 69:
Narrated Marwan Al-Asghar:
A man from the companions of Allah's Apostle
who I think, was Ibn 'Umar said, "The
Verse:--"Whether you show what is in your
minds or conceal it...." was abrogated by the
Verse following it."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 70:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle recited the Verse:--
"It is He who has sent down to you the Book. In

it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the

foundation of the Book, others not entirely clear.

So as for those in whose hearts there is a

deviation (from the Truth ). follow thereof that is

not entirely clear seeking affliction and searching

for its hidden meanings; but no one knows its
hidden meanings but Allah. And those who are
firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in

it (i.e. in the Qur'an) the whole of it (i.e. its clear

and unclear Verses) are from our Lord. And
none receive admonition except men of
understanding." (3.7)
Then Allah's Apostle said, "If you see those who

follow thereof that is not entirely clear, then they

are those whom Allah has named [as having
deviation (from the Truth)] 'So beware of them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 71:
Narrated Said bin Al-Musaiyab:
Abu Huraira said, "The Prophet said, 'No child is
born but that, Satan touches it when it is born
where upon it starts crying loudly because of
being touched by Satan, except Mary and her

Son." Abu Huraira then said, "Recite, it you wish:

"And I seek Refuge with You (Allah) for her and
her offspring from Satan, the outcast." (3.36)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 72:
Narrated Abu Wail:
'Abdullah bin Masud said, "Allah's Apostle said,
'Whoever takes an oath when asked to do so, in
which he may deprive a Muslim of his property
unlawfully, will meet Allah Who will be angry
with him.' So Allah revealed in confirmation of
this statement:--"Verily! Those who Purchase a
small gain at the cost of Allah's Covenant and
oaths, they shall have no portion in the
Hereafter..." (3.77) Then entered Al-Ash'ath bin
Qais and said, "What is Abu 'Abdur-Rahman
narrating to you?" We replied, 'So-and-so."
Al-Ash'ath said, "This Verse was revealed in my
connection. I had a well in the land of my cousin
(and he denied my, possessing it). On that the
Prophet said to me, 'Either you bring forward a
proof or he (i.e. your cousin) takes an oath (to
confirm his claim)' I said, 'I am sure he would
take a (false) oath, O Allah's Apostle.' He said,
'If somebody takes an oath when asked to do so
through which he may deprive a Muslim of his

property (unlawfully) and he is a liar in his oath,

he will meet Allah Who will be angry with him.' "
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 73:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Aufa:
A man displayed some merchandise in the
market and took an oath that he had been

offered a certain price for it while in fact he had

not, in order to cheat a man from the Muslims.
So then was revealed:--"Verily! Those who
purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah's
Covenant and their oaths..."(3.77)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 74:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
Two women were stitching shoes in a house or a
room. Then one of them came out with an awl
driven into her hand, and she sued the other for
it. The case was brought before Ibn 'Abbas, Ibn
'Abbas said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If people
were to be given what they claim (without
proving their claim) the life and property of the
nation would be lost.' Will you remind her (i.e.
the defendant), of Allah and recite before
her:--"Verily! Those who purchase a small gain
at the cost of Allah's Covenant and their
oaths..."(3.77)
So they reminded her and she confessed. Ibn
'Abbas then said, "The Prophet said, 'The oath is
to be taken by the defendant (in the absence of
any proof against him)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 75:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Abu Sufyan narrated to me personally, saying, "I
set out during the Truce that had been concluded
between me and Allah's Apostle. While I was in
Sham, a letter sent by the Prophet was brought
to Heraclius. Dihya Al-Kalbi had brought and
given it to the governor of Busra, and the latter
forwarded it to Heraclius. Heraclius said, 'Is
there anyone from the people of this man who
claims to be a prophet?' The people replied,
'Yes.' So I along with some of Quraishi men
were called and we entered upon Heraclius, and
we were seated in front of him. Then he said,
'Who amongst you is the nearest relative to the
man who claims to be a prophet?' So they made
me sit in front of him and made my companions
sit behind me. Then he called upon his translator
and said (to him). 'Tell them ( i.e. Abu Sufyan's
companions) that I am going to ask him (i.e. Abu
Sufyan) regarding that man who claims to be a
prophet. So, if he tell me a lie, they should
contradict him (instantly).' By Allah, had I not
been afraid that my companions would consider
me a liar, I would have told lies. Heraclius then

said to his translator, 'Ask him: What is his (i.e.

the Prophet's) family status amongst you? I said,
'He belongs to a noble family amongst us."

Heraclius said, 'Was any of his ancestors a king?'

I said, 'No.' He said, 'Did you ever accuse him of

telling lies before his saying what he has said?' I

said, 'No.' He said, 'Do the nobles follow him or
the poor people?' I said, 'It is the poor who
followed him.' He said, 'Is the number of his
follower increasing or decreasing?' I said, 'The
are increasing.' He said, 'Does anyone renounce

his religion (i.e. Islam) after embracing it, being

displeased with it?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'Did
you fight with him?' I replied, 'Yes.' He said,
'How was your fighting with him?' I said, 'The
fighting between us was undecided and victory
was shared by him and us by turns. He inflicts
casualties upon us and we inflict casualties upon
him.' He said, 'Did he ever betray?' I said, 'No,
but now we are away from him in this truce and
we do not know what he will do in it" Abu
Sufyan added, "By Allah, I was not able to insert
in my speech a word (against him) except that.
Heraclius said, 'Did anybody else (amongst you)
ever claimed the same (i.e. Islam) before him? I
said, 'No.' Then Heraclius told his translator to
tell me (i.e. Abu Sufyan), 'I asked you about his
family status amongst you, and you told me that
he comes from a noble family amongst you
Verily, all Apostles come from the noblest family
among their people. Then I asked you whether
any of his ancestors was a king, and you denied
that. Thereupon I thought that had one of his
fore-fathers been a king, I would have said that
he (i.e. Muhammad) was seeking to rule the
kingdom of his fore-fathers. Then I asked you
regarding his followers, whether they were the
noble or the poor among the people, and you
said that they were only the poor (who follow
him). In fact, such are the followers of the
Apostles. Then I asked you whether you have
ever accused him of telling lies before saying
what he said, and your reply was in the negative.
Therefore, I took for granted that a man who did

not tell a lie about others, could ever tell a lie

about Allah. Then I asked you whether anyone
of his followers had renounced his religion (i.e.

Islam) after embracing it, being displeased with it,

and you denied that. And such is Faith when it
mixes with the cheerfulness of the hearts. Then I
asked you whether his followers were increasing
or decreasing You claimed that they were

increasing. That is the way of true faith till it is

complete. Then I asked you whether you had
ever fought with him, and you claimed that you
had fought with him and the battle between you
and him was undecided and the victory was

shared by you and him in turns; he inflicted casual

ties upon you and you inflicted casualties upon
them. Such is the case with the Apostles; they

are out to test and the final victory is for them.

Then I asked you whether he had ever betrayed;
you claimed that he had never betrayed. I need,
Apostles never betray. Then I asked you
whether anyone had said this statement before
him; and you denied that. Thereupon I thought if
somebody had said that statement before him,
then I would have said that he was but a man
copying some sayings said before him." Abu
Safyan said, "Heraclius then asked me, 'What
does he order you to do?' I said, 'He orders us
(to offer) prayers and (to pay) Zakat and to keep
good relationship with the Kith and kin and to be
chaste.' Then Heraclius said, 'If whatever you
have said, is true, he is really a prophet, and I
knew that he ( i.e. the Prophet ) was going to
appear, but I never thought that he would be
from amongst you. If I were certain that I can
reach him, I would like to meet him and if I were
with him, I would wash his feet; and his kingdom
will expand (surely to what is under my feet.'
Then Heraclius asked for the letter of Allah's
Apostle and read it wherein was written:
"In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the
Most Merciful. This letter is) from Muhammad,
Apostle of Allah, to Heraclius, the sovereign of
Byzantine........ Peace be upon him who follows
the Right Path. Now then, I call you to embrace
Islam. Embrace Islam and you will be saved
(from Allah's Punishment); embrace Islam, and
Allah will give you a double reward, but if you

reject this, you will be responsible for the sins of

all the people of your kingdom (Allah's
Statement):--"O the people of the Scripture
(Jews and Christians)! Come to a word common
to you and us that we worship None but

Allah....bear witness that we are Muslims.' (3.64)

When he finished reading the letter, voices grew
louder near him and there was a great hue and
cry, and we were ordered to go out." Abu
Sufyan added, "While coming out, I said to my
companions, 'The situation of Ibn Abu Kabsha
(i.e. Muhammad) has become strong; even the
king of Banu Al-Asfar is afraid of him.' So I
continued to believe that Allah's Apostle would
be victorious, till Allah made me embrace Islam."
Az-Zuhri said, "Heraclius then invited all the
chiefs of the Byzantines and had them assembled
in his house and said, 'O group of Byzantines!
Do you wish to have a permanent success and
guidance and that your kingdom should remain
with you?' (Immediately after hearing that), they
rushed towards the gate like onagers, but they
found them closed. Heraclius then said, 'Bring
them back to me.' So he called them and said, 'I

just wanted to test the strength of your adherence

to your religion. Now I have observed of you
that which I like.' Then the people fell in
prostration before him and became pleased with
him." (See Hadith No. 6,Vol 1)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 76:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Out of all the Ansar, living in Medina, Abu Talha
had the largest number of (date palm trees)
gardens, and the most beloved of his property to
him was Bairuha garden which was standing
opposite the Mosque (of the Prophet). Allah's
Apostle used to enter it and drink of its good
water. When the Verse:--"By no means shall you

attain righteousness unless you spend (in charity)

of that which you love." (3.92) Abu Talha got up
and said, "O Allah's Apostle, Allah says:--"By no
means shall you attain righteousness unless you

spend (in charity) of that which you love." (3.92)

and the most beloved of my property to me is the

Bairuha garden, so I give it (as a charitable gift)

in Allah's Cause and hope to receive good out of

it, and to have it stored for me with Allah. So, O

Allah's Apostle! Dispose it of (i.e. utilize it) in the

way Allah orders you (to dispose it of)." Allah's

Apostle said, "Bravo! That is a fruitful property!

That is a fruitful property! I have heard what you

have said and I think that you should distribute
that (garden) amongst your relatives." The Abu
Talha distributed that garden amongst his
relatives and his cousins.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 77:
Narrated Yahya bin Yahya:
I learnt from Malik, "..a fruitful property."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 78:
Narrated Anas:
Abu Talha distributed the garden between
Hassan and Ubai, but he did not give me
anything thereof although I was a nearer relative
to him.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 79:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
The Jews brought to the Prophet a man and a
woman from among them who had committed
illegal sexual intercourse. The Prophet said to
them, "How do you usually punish the one
amongst you who has committed illegal sexual
intercourse?" They replied, "We blacken their
faces with coal and beat them," He said, "Don't
you find the order of Ar-Rajm (i.e. stoning to
death) in the Torah?" They replied, "We do not
find anything in it." 'Abdullah bin Salam (after
hearing this conversation) said to them. "You

have told a lie! Bring here the Torah and recite it

if you are truthful." (So the Jews brought the
Torah). And the religious teacher who was
teaching it to them, put his hand over the Verse
of Ar-Rajm and started reading what was written
above and below the place hidden with his hand,
but he did not read the Verse of Ar-Rajm.
'Abdullah bin Salam removed his (i.e. the
teacher's) hand from the Verse of Ar-Rajm and
said, "What is this?" So when the Jews saw that
Verse, they said, "This is the Verse of Ar-Rajm."
So the Prophet ordered the two adulterers to be
stoned to death, and they were stoned to death
near the place where biers used to be placed
near the Mosque. I saw her companion (i.e. the
adulterer) bowing over her so as to protect her
from the stones.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 80:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Verse:--"You (true Muslims) are the best of
peoples ever raised up for mankind." means, the
best of peoples for the people, as you bring them

with chains on their necks till they embrace Islam.

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 81:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Verse:--"When two parties from among you
were about to lose heart, but Allah was their
Protector," (3.122) was revealed concerning us,
and we were the two parties, i.e. Banu Haritha
and Banu Salama, and we do not wish (that it
had not been revealed) or I would not have been
pleased (if it had not been revealed), for Allah
says:--"...Allah was their Protector."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 82:
Narrated Salim's father:
That he heard Allah's Apostle on raising his head
from the bowing in the last Rak'a in the Fajr
prayer, saying, "O Allah, curse such-and-such
person and such-and-such person, and
such-and-such person," after saying, "Allah hears
him who sends his praises to Him, O our Lord,
all praise is for you." So Allah revealed:--"Not
for you (O Muhammad) (but for Allah) is the
decision, verily they are indeed wrongdoers."
(3.128)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 83:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Whenever Allah's Apostle intended to invoke evil
upon somebody or invoke good upon
somebody, he used to invoke (Allah after bowing
(in the prayer). Sometimes after saying, "Allah
hears him who sends his praises to Him, all
praise is for You, O our Lord," he would say, "O
Allah. Save Al-Walid bin Al-Walid and Salama
bin Hisham, and 'Aiyash bin Abu Rabi'a. O
Allah! Inflict Your Severe Torture on Mudar
(tribe) and strike them with (famine) years like
the years of Joseph." The Prophet used to say in
a loud voice, and he also used to say in some of
his Fajr prayers, "O Allah! Curse so-and-so and
so-and-so." naming some of the Arab tribes till
Allah revealed:--"Not for you (O Muhammad)
(but for Allah) is the decision." (3.128)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 84:
Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib:
The Prophet appointed 'Abdullah bin Jubair as

the commander of the infantry during the battle of

Uhud. They returned defeated, and that is what is
meant by:--
"And the Apostle was calling them back in the
rear. None remained with the Prophet then, but
twelve men."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 85:
Narrated Abu Talha:
Slumber overtook us during the battle of Uhud
while we were in the front files. My sword would
fall from my hand and I would pick it up, and
again it would fall down and I would pick it up
again.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 86:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
'Allah is Sufficient for us and He Is the Best
Disposer of affairs," was said by Abraham when
he was thrown into the fire; and it was said by
Muhammad when they (i.e. hypocrites) said, "A
great army is gathering against you, therefore,
fear them," but it only increased their faith and

they said: "Allah is Sufficient for us, and He is the

Best Disposer (of affairs, for us)." (3.173)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 87:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The last statement of Abraham when he was

thrown into the fire was:--"Allah is Sufficient for

us and He is the Best Disposer (of affairs for
us)." (3.173)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 88:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Anyone whom Allah has
given wealth but he does not pay its Zakat, then,
on the Day of Resurrection, his wealth will be
presented to him in the shape of a bald-headed
poisonous male snake with two poisonous glands

in its mouth and it will encircle itself round his

neck and bite him over his cheeks and say, "I am
your wealth; I am your treasure." Then the
Prophet recited this Divine Verse:--
"And let not those who covetously withhold of
that which Allah has bestowed upon them of His
Bounty." (3.180)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 89:
Narrated Usama bin Zaid:
Allah's Apostle rode a donkey, equipped with a
thick cloth-covering made in Fadak and was
riding behind him. He was going to pay visit to
Sad bin Ubada in Banu Al-Harith bin
Al-Khazraj; and this incident happened before
the battle of Badr. The Prophet passed by a
gathering in which 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul
was present, and that was before 'Abdullah bin
Ubai embraced Islam. Behold in that gathering
there were people of different religions: there
were Muslims, pagans, idol-worshippers and
Jews, and in that gathering 'Abdullah bin Rawaha
was also present. When a cloud of dust raised by
the donkey reached that gathering, 'Abdullah bin
Ubai covered his nose with his garment and then
said, "Do not cover us with dust." Then Allah's
Apostle greeted them and stopped and
dismounted and invited them to Allah (i.e. to
embrace Islam) and recited to them the Holy
Qur'an. On that, 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Saluil
said, "O man ! There is nothing better than that

what you say. If it is the truth, then do not trouble

us with it in our gatherings. Return to your mount

(or residence) and if somebody comes to you,

relate (your tales) to him." On that 'Abdullah bin

Rawaha said, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle! Bring it

(i.e. what you want to say) to us in our gathering,

for we love that."
So the Muslims, the pagans and the Jews started

abusing one another till they were on the point of

fighting with one another. The Prophet kept on
quietening them till they became quiet,
whereupon the Prophet rode his animal (mount)
and proceeded till he entered upon Sad bin
Ubada. The Prophet said to Sad, "Did you not
hear what 'Abu Hub-b said?" He meant
'Abdullah bin Ubai. "He said so-and-so." On that
Sad bin Ubada said, "O Allah's Apostle! Excuse
and forgive him, for by Him Who revealed the
Book to you, Allah brought the Truth which was
sent to you at the time when the people of this
town (i.e. Medina) had decided unanimously to
crown him and tie a turban on his head (electing
him as chief). But when Allah opposed that
(decision) through the Truth which Allah gave to
you, he (i.e. 'Abdullah bin Ubai) was grieved
with jealously. and that caused him to do what
you have seen." So Allah's Apostle excused him,
for the Prophet and his companions used to
forgive the pagans and the people of Scripture as
Allah had ordered them, and they used to put up

with their mischief with patience. Allah said: "And

you shall certainly hear much that will grieve you

from those who received the Scripture before
you and from the pagans........'(3.186) And Allah
also said:--"Many of the people of the Scripture
wish if they could turn you away as disbelievers
after you have believed, from selfish envy.."
(2.109)
So the Prophet used to stick to the principle of
forgiveness for them as long as Allah ordered him
to do so till Allah permitted fighting them. So
when Allah's Apostle fought the battle of Badr
and Allah killed the nobles of Quraish infidels
through him, Ibn Ubai bin Salul and the pagans
and idolaters who were with him, said, "This
matter (i.e. Islam) has appeared (i.e. became
victorious)." So they gave the pledge of
allegiance (for embracing Islam) to Allah's
Apostle and became Muslims.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 90:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
During the lifetime of Allah's Apostle, some men
among the hypocrites used to remain behind him
(i.e. did not accompany him) when he went out
for a Ghazwa and they would be pleased to stay
at home behind Allah's Apostle When Allah's
Apostle returned (from the battle) they would put
forward (false) excuses and take oaths, wishing
to be praised for what they had not done. So
there was revealed:--
"Think not that those who rejoice in what they
have done, and love to be praised for what they
have not done.." (3.188)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 91:
Narrated Alqama bin Waqqas:
Marwan said to his gatekeeper, "Go to Ibn
'Abbas, O Rafi, and say, 'If everybody who
rejoices in what he has done, and likes to be
praised for what he has not done, will be
punished, then all of us will be punished." Ibn
Abbas said, "What connection have you with this
case? It was only that the Prophet called the
Jews and asked them about something, and they
hid the truth and told him something else, and
showed him that they deserved praise for the
favor of telling him the answer to his question,
and they became happy with what they had
concealed.
Then Ibn Abbas recited:--
"(And remember) when Allah took a Covenant
from those who were given the Scripture..and
those who rejoice in what they have done and

love to be praised for what they have not done.' "

(3.187-188)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 92:
Narrated Humaid bin 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf:
That Marwan had told him (the above narration
No. 91).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 93:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
I stayed overnight in the house of my aunt
Maimuna. Allah's Apostle talked with his wife for
a while and then went to bed. When it was the
last third of the night, he got up and looked
towards the sky and said:
"Verily! In the creation of the Heavens and the

Earth and in the alteration of night and day, there

are indeed signs for men of understanding."
(3.190)
Then he stood up, performed ablution, brushed
his teeth with a Siwak, and then prayed eleven
Rakat. Then Bilal pronounced the Adhan (i.e.
call for the Fajr prayer). The Prophet then
offered two Rakat (Sunna) prayer and went out
(to the Mosque) and offered the (compulsory
congregational) Fajr prayer.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 94:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
(One night) I stayed overnight in the house of my
aunt Maimuna, and said to myself, "I will watch
the prayer of Allah's Apostle " My aunt placed a
cushion for Allah's Apostle and he slept on it in
its length-wise direction and (woke-up) rubbing

the traces of sleep off his face and then he recited

the last ten Verses of Surat-al-Imran till he
finished it. Then he went to a hanging water skin
and took it, performed the ablution and then

stood up to offer the prayer. I got up and did the

same as he had done, and stood beside him. He
put his hand on my head and held me by the ear
and twisted it. He offered two Rakat, then two
Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two
Rakat, then two Rakat, and finally the Witr (i.e.
one Rak'a) prayer.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 95:
Narrated Abdullah bin Abbas:
That once he stayed overnight (in the house) of
his aunt Maimuna. the wife of the Prophet. He
added: I lay on the cushion transversely and
Allah's Apostle lay along with his wife in the

lengthwise direction of the pillow. Allah's Apostle

slept till the middle of the night, either a bit before

or a bit after it, and then woke up rubbing the
traces of sleep off his face with his hands and
then he recited the last ten Verses of
Surat-al-Imran, got up and went to a hanging
water skin. He then performed the ablution from

it, and it was perfect ablution, and then stood up

to offer the prayer. I too did the same as he had
done, and then went to stand beside him. Allah's
Apostle put his right hand on my head and held
and twisted my right ear. He then offered two
Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two
Rakat, then two Rakat. then two Rakat, and
finally one Rak'a, the Witr. Then he lay down
again till the Muadhdhin (i.e. the call-maker)
came to him, whereupon he got up and offered a
light two-Rakat prayer, and went out (to the
Mosque) and offered the (compulsory
congregational) Fajr prayer.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 96:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
That once he stayed overnight in the house of his
aunt, the wife of the Prophet. He added: I lay on

the cushion transversely while Allah's Apostle lay

along with his wife in the lengthwise direction of

cushion. Allah's Apostle slept till the middle of

the night, either a bit before or a bit after it, and

then woke up rubbing the traces of sleep off his

face with his hands, and then recited the last ten

Verses of Suratal-Imran. Then he got up and
went to a hanging water skin, performed ablution
from it ---- and performed it perfectly. Then he
stood up to perform the prayer. I also did the
same 3S he had done and then went to stand
beside him. Allah's Apostle put his right hand on
my head and held and twisted my right ear. He
then offered two Rakat, then two Rakat then two
Rakat, then two then two Rakat, then two Rakat,
and finally, one Rak'a Witr. Then lay down again
till the Muadhdhin (i.e. the call-maker) came to
him, whereupon he got up and offered a light two
Rakat prayer and went out (to the Mosque) and
offered the (compulsory congregational) Fajr
prayer.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 97:
Narrated Aisha:
There was an orphan (girl) under the care of a
man. He married her and she owned a date palm
(garden). He married her just because of that and
not because he loved her. So the Divine Verse
came regarding his case: "If you fear that you
shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan

girls..." (4.3) The sub-narrator added: I think he

(i.e. another sub-narrator) said, "That orphan girl

was his partner in that datepalm (garden) and in
his property."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 98:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
That he asked 'Aisha regarding the Statement of
Allah:
"If you fear that you shall not be able to deal

justly with the orphan girls..." (4.3) She said, "O

son of my sister! An Orphan girl used to be
under the care of a guardian with whom she
shared property. Her guardian, being attracted
by her wealth and beauty, would intend to marry
her without giving her a just Mahr, i.e. the same
Mahr as any other person might give her (in case
he married her). So such guardians were
forbidden to do that unless they did justice to
their female wards and gave them the highest
Mahr their peers might get. They were ordered
(by Allah, to marry women of their choice other
than those orphan girls." 'Aisha added," The
people asked Allah's Apostle his instructions
after the revelation of this Divine Verse
whereupon Allah revealed:
"They ask your instruction regarding women "
(4.127) 'Aisha further said, "And the Statement
of Allah: "And yet whom you desire to marry."
(4.127) as anyone of you refrains from marrying
an orphan girl (under his guardianship) when she
is lacking in property and beauty." 'Aisha added,
"So they were forbidden to marry those orphan
girls for whose wealth and beauty they had a
desire unless with justice, and that was because
they would refrain from marrying them if they
were lacking in property and beauty."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 99:
Narrated Aisha:
regarding the Statement of Allah: "And whoever
amongst the guardian is rich, he should take no

wages, but if he is poor, let him have for himself

what is just and reasonable (according to his
work). This Verse was revealed regarding the

orphan's property. If the guardian is poor, he can

take from the property of the orphan, what is just

and reasonable according to his work and the
time he spends on managing it.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 100:
Narrated Ikrama:
Ibn Abbas said ( regarding the verse), "And
when the relatives and the orphans and the poor

are present at the time of division, "this verse and

its order is valid and not abrogated."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 101:
Narrated Jabir:
The Prophet and Abu Bakr came on foot to pay
me a visit (during my illness) at Banu Salama's
(dwellings). The Prophet found me unconscious,
so he asked for water and performed the

ablution from it and sprinkled some water over it.

I came to my senses and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! What do you order me to do as regards
my wealth?" So there was revealed:--
"Allah commands you as regards your children's
(inheritance):" (4.11)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 102:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
(In the Pre-Islamic Period ) the children used to
inherit all the property but the parents used to

inherit only through a will. So Allah cancelled that

which He liked to cancel and put decreed that
the share of a son was to be twice the share of a
daughter, and for the parents one-sixth for each
one of them, or one third, and for the wife
one-eighth or one-fourth, and for the husband
one-half, or one-fourth.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 103:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
regarding the Divine Verse: "O you who believe!
You are forbidden to inherit women against their
will, and you should not treat them with
harshness that you may take back part of the
(Mahr) dower you have given them." (4.19)

(Before this revelation) if a man died, his relatives

used to have the right to inherit his wife, and one

of them could marry her if he would, or they
would give her in marriage if they wished, or, if
they wished, they would not give her in marriage

at all, and they would be more entitled to dispose

her, than her own relatives. So the above Verse
was revealed in this connection.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 104:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Regarding the Verse: "To everyone, We have
appointed heirs." (4.33) 'Mawali' means heirs.
And regarding:-- "And those to whom your right
hands have pledged."
When the Emigrants came to Medina, an

Emigrant used to be the heir of an Ansari with the

exclusion of the latter's relatives, and that was
because of the bond of brotherhood which the
Prophet had established between them (i.e. the
Emigrants and the Ansar). So when the Verses:--
"To everyone We have appointed heirs." was
revealed, (the inheritance through bond of
brotherhood) was cancelled. Ibn Abbas then
said: "And those to whom your right hands have
pledged." is concerned with the covenant of
helping and advising each other. So allies are no
longer to be the heir of each other, but they can
bequeath each other some of their property by
means of a will.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 105:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
During the lifetime of the Prophet some people
said, : O Allah's Apostle! Shall we see our Lord
on the Day of Resurrection?" The Prophet said,

"Yes; do you have any difficulty in seeing the sun

at midday when it is bright and there is no cloud
in the sky?" They replied, "No." He said, "Do
you have any difficulty in seeing the moon on a
full moon night when it is bright and there is no
cloud in the sky?" They replied, "No." The
Prophet said, "(Similarly) you will have no
difficulty in seeing Allah on the Day of
Resurrection as you have no difficulty in seeing
either of them. On the Day of Resurrection, a
call-maker will announce, "Let every nation
follow that which they used to worship." Then
none of those who used to worship anything
other than Allah like idols and other deities but

will fall in Hell (Fire), till there will remain none

but those who used to worship Allah, both those
who were obedient (i.e. good) and those who
were disobedient (i.e. bad) and the remaining
party of the people of the Scripture. Then the
Jews will be called upon and it will be said to
them, 'Who do you use to worship?' They will
say, 'We used to worship Ezra, the son of Allah.'

It will be said to them, 'You are liars, for Allah

has never taken anyone as a wife or a son. What
do you want now?' They will say, 'O our Lord!
We are thirsty, so give us something to drink.'
They will be directed and addressed thus, 'Will
you drink,' whereupon they will be gathered unto
Hell (Fire) which will look like a mirage whose
different sides will be destroying each other.
Then they will fall into the Fire. Afterwards the

Christians will be called upon and it will be said

to them, 'Who do you use to worship?' They will
say, 'We used to worship Jesus, the son of

Allah.' It will be said to them, 'You are liars, for

Allah has never taken anyone as a wife or a son,'
Then it will be said to them, 'What do you want?'
They will say what the former people have said.
Then, when there remain (in the gathering) none
but those who used to worship Allah (Alone, the
real Lord of the Worlds) whether they were
obedient or disobedient. Then (Allah) the Lord
of the worlds will come to them in a shape
nearest to the picture they had in their minds
about Him. It will be said, 'What are you waiting
for?' Every nation have followed what they used
to worship.' They will reply, 'We left the people
in the world when we were in great need of them
and we did not take them as friends. Now we
are waiting for our Lord Whom we used to
worship.' Allah will say, 'I am your Lord.' They
will say twice or thrice, 'We do not worship any
besides Allah.' "
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 106:
Narrated Abdullah bin Masud:
Allah's Apostle said to me, "Recite (of the

Qur'an) for me," I said, "Shall I recite it to you

although it had been revealed to you?" He said,
"I like to hear (the Qur'an) from others." So I

recited Surat-an-Nisa' till I reached: "How (will it

be) then when We bring from each nation a
witness, and We bring you (O Muhammad) as a
witness against these people?" (4.41) Then he
said, "Stop!" And behold, his eyes were
overflowing with tears."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 107:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The necklace of Asma' was lost, so the Prophet
sent some men to look for it. The time for the
prayer became due and they had not performed

ablution and could not find water, so they offered

the prayer without ablution. Then Allah revealed
(the Verse of Tayammum).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 108:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Verse: "Obey Allah and Obey the Apostle
and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority."
(4.59) was revealed in connection with 'Abdullah
bin Hudhafa bin Qais bin 'Adi' when the Prophet
appointed him as the commander of a Sariyya
(army detachment).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 109:
Narrated 'Urwa:
Az-Zubair quarrelled with a man from the Ansar
because of a natural mountainous stream at
Al-Harra. The Prophet said "O Zubair! Irrigate
(your lands and the let the water flow to your
neighbor The Ansar said, "O Allah's Apostle
(This is because) he (Zubair) is your cousin?" At
that, the Prophet's face became red (with anger)
and he said "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) and

then withhold the water till it fills the land up to

the walls and then let it flow to your neighbor."
So the Prophet enabled Az-Zubair to take his full
right after the Ansari provoked his anger. The
Prophet had previously given a order that was in
favor of both of them Az-Zubair said, "I don't
think but the Verse was revealed in this
connection: "But no, by your Lord, they can have

no faith, until they make you judge in all disputes

between them." (4.6)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 110:
Narrated 'Aisha:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "No prophet gets

sick but he is given the choice to select either this

world or the Hereafter." 'Aisha added: During his
fatal illness, his voice became very husky and I
heard him saying: "In the company of those
whom is the Grace of Allah, of the prophets, the
Siddiqin (those followers of the prophets who
were first and foremost to believe in them), the
martyrs and the pious.' (4.69) And from this I
came to know that he has been given the option.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 111:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
My mother and I were among the weak and
oppressed (Muslims at Mecca).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 112:
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika:
Ibn Abbas recited:-- "Except the weak ones
among men women and children," (4.98) and
said, "My mother and I were among those whom
Allah had excused."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 113:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: Regarding the Verse:--
"Then what is the matter with you that you are
divided into two parties about the hypocrites?"
(4.88) Some of the companions of the Prophet
returned from the battle of Uhud (i.e. refused to
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 114:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
The people of Kufa disagreed (disputed) about
the above Verse. So I went to Ibn Abbas and
asked him about it. He said, "This Verse:-- "And
whoever kills a believer intentionally, his
recompense is Hell." was revealed last of all
(concerning premeditated murder) and nothing
abrogated it."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 115:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Regarding the Verse: "And say not to anyone
who offers you peace (by accepting Islam), You
are not a believer." There was a man amidst his
sheep. The Muslims pursued him, and he said (to
them) "Peace be on you." But they killed him and
took over his sheep. Thereupon Allah revealed in
that concern, the above Verse up to:--

"...seeking the perishable good of this life." (4.94)

i.e. those sheep.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 116:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: That the Prophet
dictated to him: "Not equal are those of the
believers who sit (at home) and those who strive
and fight in the Cause of Allah."
Zaid added: Ibn Um Maktum came while the
Prophet was dictating to me and said, "O Allah's

Apostle! By Allah, if I had the power to fight (in

Allah's Cause), I would," and he was a blind
man. So Allah revealed to his Apostle while his
thigh was on my thigh, and his thigh became so

heavy that I was afraid it might fracture my thigh.

Then that state of the Prophet passed and Allah
revealed:-- "Except those who are disabled (by
injury or are blind or lame etc)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 117:
Narrated Al-Bara:
When the Verse:-- "Not equal are those of the
believers who sit (at home)" (4.95) was revealed,

Allah Apostle called for Zaid who wrote it. In the

meantime Ibn Um Maktum came and
complained of his blindness, so Allah revealed:
"Except those who are disabled (by injury or are
blind or lame..." etc.) (4.95)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 118:
Narrated Al-Bara:
When the Verse:--"Not equal are those of the
believers who sit (at home)," (4.95) was
revealed, the Prophet said, "Call so-and-so."
That person came to him with an ink-pot and a
wooden board or a shoulder scapula bone. The
Prophet said (to him), "Write: 'Not equal are
those believers who sit (at home) and those who
strive and fight in the Cause of Allah." Ibn Um
Maktum who was sitting behind the Prophet then
said, "O Allah's Apostle! I am a blind man." So

there was revealed in the place of that Verse, the

Verse:--"Not equal are those of the believers
who sit (at home) except those who are disabled
(by injury, or are blind or lame etc.) and those
who strive and fight in the Cause of Allah."
(4.95)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 119:
Narrated Ibn Abbas: Not equal are those
believers who sat (at home) and did not join the
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 120:
Narrated Muhammad bin Abdur-Rahman Abu
Al-Aswad:
The people of Medina were forced to prepare an
army (to fight against the people of Sham during
the caliphate of 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair at
Mecca), and I was enlisted in it; Then I met
'Ikrima, the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas, and
informed him (about it), and he forbade me

strongly to do so (i.e. to enlist in that army), and

then said, "Ibn 'Abbas informed me that some
Muslim people were with the pagans, increasing
the number of the pagans against Allah's Apostle.
An arrow used to be shot which would hit one of
them (the Muslims in the company of the pagans)
and kill him, or he would be struck and killed
(with a sword)." Then Allah revealed:--
"Verily! as for those whom the angels take (in
death) while they are wronging themselves (by
staying among the disbelievers)" (4.97) Abu
Aswad added, "Except the weak ones among
men, women,..." (4.98)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 121:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
'"Except the weak ones" (4.98) and added: My
mother was one of those whom Allah excused.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 122:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
While the Prophet was offering the 'Isha' prayer,
he said, "Allah hears him who sends his praises
to Him," and then said before falling in
prostration, "O Allah, save 'Aiyash bin Rabi'a. O
Allah, save Salama bin Hisham. O Allah, save
Al-Walid bin Al-Wahd. O Allah, save the weak
ones among the believers. O Allah, let Your
punishment be severe on the tribe of Mudar. O

Allah, inflict upon them years (of famine) like the

years of Joseph."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 123:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Regarding the Verse: "Because of the
inconvenience of rain or because you are ill."
(4.102) (It was revealed in connection with)
'Abdur-Rahman bin Auf who was wounded.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 124:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Regarding the Verse:--"They ask your instruction
concerning the women. Say: Allah instructs you
about them and yet whom you desire to marry."
(4.127) (has been revealed regarding the case
of) a man who has an orphan girl, and he is her

guardian and her heir. The girl shares with him all

his property, even a date-palm (garden), but he
dislikes to marry her and dislikes to give her in
marriage to somebody else who would share

with him the property she is sharing with him, and

for this reason that guardian prevents that orphan

girl from marrying. So, this Verse was revealed:
(And Allah's statement:) "If a woman fears
cruelty or desertion on her husband's part."
(4.128)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 125:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Regarding the Verse:--"If a woman fears cruelty

or desertion on her husband's part." (4.128) It is

about a man who has a woman (wife) and he
does not like her and wants to divorce her but
she says to him, "I make you free as regards
myself." So this Verse was revealed in this
connection.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 126:
Narrated Al-Aswad:
While we were sitting in a circle in 'Abdullah's
gathering, Hudhaifa came and stopped before us,
and greeted us and then said, "People better than
you became hypocrites." Al-Aswad said: I testify
the uniqueness of Allah! Allah says: "Verily! The
hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the
Fire." (4.145)
On that 'Abdullah smiled and Hudhaifa sat
somewhere in the Mosque. 'Abdullah then got up
and his companions (sitting around him)
dispersed. Hudhaifa then threw a pebble at me
(to attract my attention). I went to him and he

said, "I was surprised at 'Abdullah's smile though

he understood what I said. Verily, people better
than you became hypocrite and then repented
and Allah forgave them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 127:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "None has the right to say that
I am better than Jonah bin Matta."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 128:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever says that I am
better than Jonah bin Matta, is a liar."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 129:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The last Sura that was revealed was Bara'a, and
the last Verse that was revealed was: "They ask

you for a legal verdict, Say: Allah's directs (thus)

about those who leave no descendants or
ascendants as heirs." (4.176)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 130:
Narrated Tariq bin Shihab:
The Jews said to 'Umar, "You (i.e. Muslims)
recite a Verse, and had it been revealed to us,
we would have taken the day of its revelation as
a day of celebration." 'Umar said, "I know very
well when and where it was revealed, and where
Allah's Apostle was when it was revealed. (It
was revealed on) the day of Arafat (Hajj Day),
and by Allah, I was at Arafat" Sufyan, a
sub-narrator said: I am in doubt whether the
Verse:-- "This day I have perfected your religion
for you." was revealed on a Friday or not.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 131:
Narrated Aisha:
The wife of the Prophet : We set out with Allah's
Apostle on one of his journeys, and when we
were at Baida' or at Dhat-al-Jaish, a necklace of
mine was broken (and lost). Allah's Apostle

stayed there to look for it, and so did the people

along with him. Neither were they at a place of
water, nor did they have any water with them. So
the people went to Abu Bakr As-Siddiq and
said, "Don't you see what 'Aisha has done? She
has made Allah's Apostle and the people, stay
where there is no water and they have no water
with them." Abu Bakr came while Allah's
Apostle was sleeping with his head on my thigh.
He said (to me), "You have detained Allah's
Apostle and the people where there is no water,
and they have no water with them." So he
admonished me and said what Allah wished him
to say, and he hit me on my flanks with his hand.
Nothing prevented me from moving (because of
pain! but the position of Allah's Apostle on my
thigh. So Allah's Apostle got up when dawn
broke and there was no water, so Allah revealed
the Verse of Tayammum. Usaid bin Hudair said,

"It is not the first blessing of yours, O the family

of Abu Bakr." Then we made the camel on
which I was riding, got up, and found the
necklace under it.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 132:
Narrated Aisha:
A necklace of mine was lost at Al-Baida' and we
were on our way to Medina. The Prophet made
his camel kneel down and dismounted and laid
his head on my lap and slept. Abu Bakr came to
me and hit me violently on the chest and said,
"You have detained the people because of a
necklace." I kept as motionless as a dead person
because of the position of Allah's Apostle ; (on
my lap) although Abu Bakr had hurt me (with the
slap). Then the Prophet woke up and it was the
time for the morning (prayer). Water was sought,
but in vain; so the following Verse was
revealed:--
"O you who believe! When you intend to offer
prayer.." (5.6) Usaid bin Hudair said, "Allah has
blessed the people for your sake, O the family of
Abu Bakr. You are but a blessing for them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 133:
Narrated Abdullah (bin Masud):
On the day of Badr, Al-Miqdad said, "O Allah's
Apostle! We do not say to you as the children of
Israel said to Moses, 'Go you and your Lord and

fight you two; we are sitting here, (5.24) but (we

say). "Proceed, and we are with you." That
seemed to delight Allah's Apostle greatly.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 134:
Narrated Abu Qilaba:
That he was sitting behind Umar bin Abdul Aziz
and the people mentioned and mentioned (about
At-Qasama) and they said (various things), and
said that the Caliphs had permitted it. 'Umar bin
'Abdul 'Aziz turned towards Abu Qilaba who
was behind him and said. "What do you say, O
'Abdullah bin Zaid?" or said, "What do you say,
O Abu Qilaba?" Abu Qilaba said, "I do not
know that killing a person is lawful in Islam
except in three cases: a married person
committing illegal sexual intercourse, one who
has murdered somebody unlawfully, or one who
wages war against Allah and His Apostle."
'Anbasa said, "Anas narrated to us
such-and-such." Abu Qilaba said, "Anas
narrated to me in this concern, saying, some
people came to the Prophet and they spoke to

him saying, 'The climate of this land does not suit

us.' The Prophet said, 'These are camels
belonging to us, and they are to be taken out to
the pasture. So take them out and drink of their
milk and urine.' So they took them and set out
and drank of their urine and milk, and having
recovered, they attacked the shepherd, killed him
and drove away the camels.' Why should there
be any delay in punishing them as they murdered
(a person) and waged war against Allah and His
Apostle and frightened Allah's Apostle ?"
Anbasa said, "I testify the uniqueness of Allah!"
Abu Qilaba said, "Do you suspect me?" 'Anbasa
said, "No, Anas narrated that (Hadith) to us."
Then 'Anbasa added, "O the people of
such-and-such (country), you will remain in good
state as long as Allah keeps this (man) and the
like of this (man) amongst you."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 135:
Narrated Anas (bin Malik):
Ar-Rubai (the paternal aunt of Anas bin Malik)
broke the incisor tooth of young Ansari girl. Her
family demanded the Qisas and they came to the
Prophet who passed the judgment of Qisas.
Anas bin An-Nadr (the paternal uncle of Anas
bin Malik) said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Allah,
her tooth will not be broken." The Prophet said,
"O Anas! (The law prescribed in) Allah's Book is
Qisas." But the people (i.e. the relatives of the
girl) gave up their claim and accepted a
compensation. On that Allah's Apostle said,
"Some of Allah's worshippers are such that if

they take an oath, Allah will fulfill it for them."

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 136:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Whoever tells that Muhammad concealed part of
what was revealed to him, is a liar, for Allah
says:--
"O Apostle (Muhammad)! Proclaim (the
Message) which has been sent down to you from
your Lord." (5.67)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 137:
Narrated 'Aisha:

This Verse: "Allah will not punish you for what is

unintentional in your oaths." (5.89) was revealed
about a man's state men (during his talk), "No,
by Allah," and "Yes, by Allah."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 138:
Narrated Aisha:
That her father (Abu Bakr) never broke his oath

till Allah revealed the order of the legal expiation

for oath. Abu Bakr said, "If I ever take an oath
(to do something) and later find that to do
something else is better, then I accept Allah's
permission and do that which is better, (and do
the legal expiation for my oath ) ".
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 139:
Narrated Abdullah:
We used to participate in the holy wars carried
on by the Prophet and we had no women
(wives) with us. So we said (to the Prophet ).
"Shall we castrate ourselves?" But the Prophet
forbade us to do that and thenceforth he allowed
us to marry a woman (temporarily) by giving her
even a garment, and then he recited: "O you who
believe! Do not make unlawful the good things
which Allah has made lawful for you."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 140:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
(The Verse of) prohibiting alcoholic drinks was
revealed when there were in Medina five kinds of
(alcoholic) drinks none of which was produced
from grapes.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 141:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
We had no alcoholic drink except that which was
produced from dates and which you call Fadikh.
While I was standing offering drinks to Abu Talh
and so-and-so and so-and-so, a man cam and
said, "Has the news reached you? They said,
"What is that?" He said. "Alcoholic drinks have

been prohibited. They said, "Spill (the contents of

these pots, O Anas! "Then they neither asked

about it (alcoholic drinks) nor returned it after the

news from that man.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 142:
Narrated Jabir:
Some people drank alcoholic beverages in the
morning (of the day) of the Uhud battle and on
the same day they were killed as martyrs, and
that was before wine was prohibited.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 143:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
I heard 'Umar while he was on the pulpit of the
Prophet saying, "Now then O people! The
revelation about the prohibition of alcoholic
drinks was revealed; and alcoholic drinks are
extracted from five things: Grapes, dates, honey,
wheat and barley. And the alcoholic drink is that
which confuses and stupefies the mind."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 144:
Narrated Anas:
The alcoholic drink which was spilled was

Al-Fadikh. I used to offer alcoholic drinks to the

people at the residence of Abu Talha. Then the
order of prohibiting Alcoholic drinks was
revealed, and the Prophet ordered somebody to
announce that: Abu Talha said to me, "Go out
and see what this voice (this announcement ) is."
I went out and (on coming back) said, "This is
somebody announcing that alcoholic beverages
have been prohibited." Abu Talha said to me,

"Go and spill it (i.e. the wine)," Then it (alcoholic

drinks) was seen flowing through the streets of
Medina. At that time the wine was Al-Fadikh.
The people said, "Some people (Muslims) were
killed (during the battle of Uhud) while wine was
in their stomachs." So Allah revealed: "On those
who believe and do good deeds there is no
blame for what they ate (in the past)." (5.93)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 145:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet delivered a sermon the like of which
I had never heard before. He said, "If you but
knew what I know then you would have laughed
little and wept much." On hearing that, the
companions of the Prophet covered their faces
and the sound of their weeping was heard. A
man said, "Who is my father?" The Prophet said,
"So-and-so." So this Verse was revealed: "Ask
not about things which, if made plain to you, may
cause you trouble." (5.101)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 146:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Some people were asking Allah's Apostle
questions mockingly. A man would say, "Who is
my father?" Another man whose she-camel had
gone astray would say, "Where is my she-camel?
"So Allah revealed this Verse in this connection:
"O you who believe! Ask not about things which,
if made plain to you, may cause you trouble."
(5.101)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 147:
Narrated Said bin Al-Musaiyab:
Bahira is a she-camel whose milk is kept for the
idols and nobody is allowed to milk it; Sa'iba
was the she-camel which they used to set free for
their gods and nothing was allowed to be carried
on it. Abu Huraira said: Allah's Apostle said, "I
saw 'Amr bin 'Amir Al-Khuzai (in a dream)

dragging his intestines in the Fire, and he was the

first person to establish the tradition of setting

free the animals (for the sake of their deities),"

Wasila is the she-camel which gives birth to a

she-camel as its first delivery, and then gives birth

to another she-camel as its second delivery.
People (in the Pre-lslamic periods of ignorance)

used to let that she camel loose for their idols if it

gave birth to two she-camels successively
without giving birth to a male camel in between.
'Ham' was the male camel which was used for
copulation. When it had finished the number of

copulations assigned for it, they would let it loose

for their idols and excuse it from burdens so that

nothing would be carried on it, and they called it

the 'Hami.' Abu Huraira said, "I heard the
Prophet saying so."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 148:
Narrated Aisha:

Allah's Apostle said, "I saw Hell and its different

portions were consuming each other and saw

'Amr dragging his intestines (in it), and he was the

first person to establish the tradition of letting

animals loose (for the idols)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 149:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle delivered a sermon and said, "O
people! You will be gathered before Allah
bare-footed, naked and not circumcised." Then
(quoting Quran) he said:--
"As We began the first creation, We shall repeat
it. A promise We have undertaken: Truly we
shall do it.." (21.104)
The Prophet then said, "The first of the human
beings to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection,
will be Abraham. Lo! Some men from my
followers will be brought and then (the angels)

will drive them to the left side (Hell-Fire). I will

say. 'O my Lord! (They are) my companions!'
Then a reply will come (from Almighty), 'You do
not know what they did after you.' I will say as
the pious slave (the Prophet Jesus) said: And I
was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst
them. When You took me up. You were the
Watcher over them and You are a Witness to all
things.' (5.117) Then it will be said, "These
people have continued to be apostates since you
left them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 150:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, "You will be gathered (on the
Day of Resurrection) and some people will be

driven (by the angels) to the left side (and taken

to Hell) whereupon I will say as the pious slave
(Jesus) said:-- "And I was a witness over them
while I dwelt amongst them...the ALMIGHTY,
the All Wise." (5.117-118)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 151:
Narrated Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said, "The key of the Unseen are
five: Verily with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge
of the Hour He sends down the rain and knows
what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it will
earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land
it will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower,
All-Aware." (31.34)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 152:
Narrated Jabir:
When this Verse was revealed: "Say: He has
power to send torment on you from above."
(6.65) Allah's Apostle said, "O Allah! I seek
refuge with Your Face (from this punishment)."
And when the verse: "or send torment from
below your feet," (was revealed), Allah's Apostle
said, "(O Allah!) I seek refuge with Your Face
(from this punishment)." (But when there was
revealed): "Or confuse you in party strife and
make you to taste the violence of one another."

(6.65) Allah's Apostle said, "This is lighter (or,

this is easier)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 153:
Narrated Abdullah:
When:"...and confuse not their belief with
wrong." (6.82) was revealed, the Prophet's
companions said, "Which of us has not done
wrong?" Then there was revealed:-- "Verily
joining others in worship with Allah is a
tremendous wrong indeed." (31.13)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 154:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, "Nobody has the rights to say
that I am better than Jonah bin Matta."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 155:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Nobody has the right to say
that I am better than Jonah bin Matta."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 156:
Narrated Mujahid:
That he asked Ibn 'Abbas, "Is there a prostration
Surat-al-Sad?" (38.24) Ibn Abbas said, "Yes,"
and then recited: "We gave...So follow their
guidance." (6.85,90) Then he said, "He (David )
is one them (i.e. those prophets)." Mujahid
narrated: I asked Ibn 'Abbas (regarding the
above Verse). He said, "Your Prophet
(Muhammad) was one of those who were
ordered to follow them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 157:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "May Allah curse the Jews!
When Allah forbade them to eat the fat of

animals, they melted it and sold it, and utilized its

price! "
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 158:
Narrated Abu Wail:
'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) said, "None has more
sense of ghaira than Allah therefore - He

prohibits shameful sins (illegal sexual intercourse,

etc.) whether committed openly or secretly. And
none loves to be praised more than Allah does,
and for this reason He praises Himself." I asked
Abu Wali, "Did you hear it from Abdullah?" He
said, "Yes," I said, "Did Abdullah ascribe it to
Allah's Apostle?" He said, "Yes."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 159:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be

established until the sun rises from the West: and

when the people see it, then whoever will be

living on the surface of the earth will have faith,

and that is (the time) when no good will it do to a

soul to believe then, if it believed not before."
(6.158)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 160:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The hour will not be
established till the sun rises from the West; and
when it rises (from the West) and the people see
it, they all will believe. And that is (the time)

when no good will it do to a soul to believe then."

Then he recited the whole Verse (6.158)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 161:
Narrated Abdullah bin Mas'ud:
Allah's Apostle said, "None has more sense of
ghaira than Allah, and for this He has forbidden
shameful sins whether committed openly or
secretly, and none loves to be praised more than
Allah does, and this is why He Praises Himself."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 162:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
A man from the Jews, having been slapped on
his face, came to the Prophet and said, "O
Muhammad! A man from your companions from
the Ansar has slapped me on my face!" The
Prophet said, "Call him." When they called him,
the Prophet said, "Why did you slap him?" He
said, "O Allah's Apostle! While I was passing by
the Jews, I heard him saying, 'By Him Who
selected Moses above the human beings,' I said,
'Even above Muhammad?' I became furious and
slapped him on the face." The Prophet said, "Do
not give me superiority over the other prophets,
for on the Day of Resurrection the people will
become unconscious and I will be the first to
regain consciousness. Then I will see Moses
holding one of the legs of the Throne. I will not
know whether he has come to his senses before
me or that the shock he had received at the

Mountain, (during his worldly life) was sufficient

for him."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 163:
Narrated Said Ibn Zaid:
The Prophet said, "Al-Kam'a is like the Mann
(sweet resin or gum) (in that it grows naturally
without human care) and its water is a cure for
the eye diseases."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 164:
Narrated Abu Ad-Darda:
There was a dispute between Abu Bakr and
'Umar, and Abu Bakr made Umar angry. So
'Umar left angrily. Abu Bakr followed him,
requesting him to ask forgiveness (of Allah) for
him, but 'Umar refused to do so and closed his
door in Abu Bakr's face. So Abu Bakr went to
Allah's Apostle while we were with him. Allah's
Apostle said, "This friend of yours must have
quarrelled (with somebody)." In the meantime
'Umar repented and felt sorry for what he had
done, so he came, greeted (those who were
present) and sat with the Prophet and related the
story to him. Allah's Apostle became angry and
Abu Bakr started saying, "O Allah's Apostle! By
Allah, I was more at fault (than Umar)." Allah's
Apostle said, "Are you (people) leaving for me
my companion? (Abu Bakr), Are you (people)
leaving for me my companion? When I said, 'O
people I am sent to you all as the Apostle of

Allah,' you said, 'You tell a lie.' while Abu Bakr

said, 'You have spoken the truth ."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 165:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle said, "It was said to the children

of Israel, 'Enter the gate in prostration and say
Hitatun. (7.161) We shall forgive you, your
faults.' But they changed (Allah's Order) and
entered, dragging themselves on their buttocks

and said, 'Habatun (a grain) in a Sha'ratin (hair)."

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 166:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
'Uyaina bin Hisn bin Hudhaifa came and stayed
with his nephew Al-Hurr bin Qais who was one
of those whom 'Umar used to keep near him, as
the Qurra' (learned men knowing Qur'an by
heart) were the people of 'Umar's meetings and
his advisors whether they were old or young.
'Uyaina said to his nephew, "O son of my
brother! You have an approach to this chief, so
get for me the permission to see him." Al-Hurr
said, "I will get the permission for you to see
him." So Al-Hurr asked the permission for
'Uyaina and 'Umar admitted him. When 'Uyaina
entered upon him, he said, "Beware! O the son
of Al-Khattab! By Allah, you neither give us
sufficient provision nor judge among us with
justice." Thereupon 'Umar became so furious that
he intended to harm him, but Al-Hurr said, "O

chief of the Believers! Allah said to His Prophet:

"Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; and

leave (don't punish) the foolish." (7.199) and this

(i.e. 'Uyaina) is one of the foolish." By Allah,
'Umar did not overlook that Verse when Al-Hurr

recited it before him; he observed (the orders of)

Allah's Book strictly.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 167:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin AzZubair:
(The Verse) "Hold to forgiveness; command
what is right..." was revealed by Allah except in
connection with the character of the people.
'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair said: Allah ordered His
Prophet to forgive the people their misbehavior
(towards him).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 168:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I asked Ibn 'Abbas regarding Surat-al-Anfal. He
said, "It was revealed in connection with the
Battle of Badr."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 169:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Regarding the Verse: "Verily! The worst of
beasts in the Sight of Allah are the deaf and the
dumb----those who understand not." (8.22)
(The people referred to here) were some
persons from the tribe of Bani 'Abd-Addar.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 170:
Narrated Abu Said bin Al-Mu'alla:
While I was praying, Allah's Apostle passed me

and called me, but I did not go to him until I had

finished the prayer. Then I went to him, and he
said, "What prevented you from coming to me?
Didn't Allah say:-- "O you who believe! Answer
the call of Allah (by obeying Him) and His
Apostle when He calls you?" He then said, "I will
inform you of the greatest Sura in the Qur'an
before I leave (the mosque)." When Allah's
Apostle got ready to leave (the mosque), I

reminded him. He said, "It is: 'Praise be to Allah,

the Lord of the worlds.' (i.e. Surat-al-Fatiha)
As-sab'a Al-Mathani (the seven repeatedly
recited Verses)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 171:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Abu Jahl said, "O Allah! If this (Quran) is indeed

the Truth from You, then rain down on us a
shower of stones from the sky or bring on us a
painful torment." So Allah revealed:-- "But Allah
would not punish them while you were amongst
them, nor He will punish them while they seek
(Allah's) forgiveness..." (8.33) And why Allah
should not punish them while they turn away
(men) from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (the Sacred
Mosque of Mecca)..." (8.33-34)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 172:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Abu Jahl said, "O Allah! If this (Qur'an) is indeed

the Truth from You), then rain down on us a
shower of stones from the sky or bring on us a
painful punishment." So there was revealed:--
'But Allah would not punish them while you
(Muhammad) were amongst them, nor will He
punish them while they seek (Allah's)
Forgiveness. And why Allah should not punish
them while they stop (men) from
Al-Masjid-al-Haram ..' (8.33-34)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 173:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
That a man came to him (while two groups of
Muslims were fighting) and said, "O Abu 'Abdur
Rahman! Don't you hear what Allah has
mentioned in His Book:

'And if two groups of believers fight against each

other...' (49.9)
So what prevents you from fighting as Allah has
mentioned in His Book?"' Ibn 'Umar said, "O son
of my brother! I would rather be blamed for not
fighting because of this Verse than to be blamed
because of another Verse where Allah says:
'And whoever kills a believer intentionally..."
(4.93) Then that man said, "Allah says:-- 'And
fight them until there is no more afflictions
(worshipping other besides Allah) and the
religion (i.e. worship) will be all for Allah
(Alone)" (8.39) Ibn 'Umar said, "We did this
during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle when the
number of Muslims was small, and a man was
put to trial because of his religion, the pagans
would either kill or chain him; but when the
Muslims increased (and Islam spread), there was
no persecution." When that man saw that Ibn
'Umar did not agree to his proposal, he said,
"What is your opinion regarding 'Ali and
'Uthman?" Ibn 'Umar said, "What is my opinion
regarding Ali and 'Uthman? As for 'Uthman,
Allah forgave him and you disliked to forgive
him, and Ali is the cousin and son-in-law of
Allah's Apostle ." Then he pointed out with his

hand and said, "And that is his daughter's (house)

which you can see."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 174:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn 'Umar came to us and a man said (to him),
"What do you think about 'Qit-alal-Fitnah'
(fighting caused by afflictions)." Ibn 'Umar said
(to him), "And do you understand what an
affliction is? Muhammad used to fight against the
pagans, and his fighting with them was an
affliction, (and his fighting was) not like your

fighting which is carried on for the sake of ruling."

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 175:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When the Verse:-- "If there are twenty steadfast
amongst you, they will overcome two hundred."
(8.65) was revealed, then it became obligatory
for the Muslims that one (Muslim) should not flee
from ten (non-Muslims). Sufyan (the
sub-narrator) once said, "Twenty (Muslims)
should not flee before two hundred (non
Muslims)." Then there was revealed: 'But now
Allah has lightened your (task)..' (8.66)
So it became obligatory that one-hundred
(Muslims) should not flee before two hundred
(non-muslims). (Once Sufyan said extra, "The

Verse: 'Urge the believers to the fight. If there are

twenty steadfast amongst you (Muslims) ..' was
revealed.) Sufyan said, "Ibn Shabrama said, "I

see that this order is applicable to the obligation

of enjoining good and forbidding evil."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 176:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When the Verse:--'If there are twenty steadfast
amongst you (Muslims), they will overcome
two-hundred (non-Muslims).' was revealed, it
became hard on the Muslims when it became
compulsory that one Muslim ought not to flee (in
war) before ten (non-Muslims). So (Allah)
lightened the order by revealing:
'(But) now Allah has lightened your (task) for He
knows that there is weakness in you. So if there
are of you one-hundred steadfast, they will
overcome (two-hundred (non-Muslims).' (8.66)
So when Allah reduced the number of enemies
which Muslims should withstand, their patience
and perseverance against the enemy decreased
as much as their task was lightened for them.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 177:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The last Verse that was revealed was:
'They ask you for a legal verdict: Say: Allah
directs (thus) about Al-Kalalah (those who leave
no descendants or ascendants as heirs).' And the
last Sura which was revealed was Baraatun (9) .
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 178:
Narrated Humaid bin Abdur-Rahman:
Abu Huraira said, "During that Hajj (in which
Abu Bakr was the chief of the pilgrims) Abu
Bakr sent me along with announcers on the Day
of Nahr ( 10th of Dhul-Hijja) in Mina to
announce: "No pagans shall perform, Hajj after
this year, and none shall perform the Tawaf
around the Ka'ba in a naked state." Humaid bin
'Abdur Rahman added: Then Allah's Apostle
sent Ali bin Abi Talib (after Abu Bakr) and
ordered him to recite aloud in public Surat
Bara'a. Abu Huraira added, "So 'Ali, along with
us, recited Bara'a (loudly) before the people at
Mina on the Day of Nahr and announced; "No
pagan shall perform Hajj after this year and none
shall perform the Tawaf around the Ka'ba in a
naked state."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 179:
Narrated Humaid bin Abdur Rahman:
Abu Huraira said, "Abu Bakr sent me in that Hajj
in which he was the chief of the pilgrims along
with the announcers whom he sent on the Day of
Nahr to announce at Mina: "No pagan shall
perform Hajj after this year, and none shall
perform the Tawaf around the Ka'ba in a naked
state." Humaid added: That the Prophet sent 'Ali
bin Abi Talib (after Abu Bakr) and ordered him
to recite aloud in public Surat-Baraa. Abu
Huraira added, "So 'Ali, along with us, recited
Bara'a (loudly) before the people at Mina on the
Day of Nahr and announced "No pagan shall
perform Hajj after this year and none shall
perform the Tawaf around the Ka'ba in a naked
state."..except those pagans with whom you
(Muslims) have a treaty." (9.4)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 180:
Narrated Humaid bin 'Abdur-Rahman:
Abu Huraira said that Abu Bakr sent him during
the Hajj in which Abu Bakr was made the chief
of the pilgrims by Allah's Apostle before (the
year of) Hajjat al-Wada in a group (of
announcers) to announce before the people; 'No
pagan shall perform the Hajj after this year, and
none shall perform the Tawaf around the Ka'ba
in a naked state. Humaid used to say The Day of
Nahr is the day of Al-Hajj Al-Akbar (the
Greatest Day) because of the narration of Abu
Huraira.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 181:
Narrated Zaid bin Wahb:
We were with Hudhaifa and he said, "None
remains of the people described by this Verse
(9.12), "Except three, and of the hypocrites
except four." A bedouin said, "You the
companions of Muhammad! Tell us (things) and
we do not know that about those who break
open our houses and steal our precious things? '
He (Hudhaifa) replied, "Those are Al Fussaq
(rebellious wrongdoers) (not disbelievers or
hypocrites). Really, none remains of them
(hypocrite) but four, one of whom is a very old
man who, if he drinks water, does not feel its
coldness."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 182:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Kanz (money, the
Zakat of which is not paid) of anyone of you will
appear in the form of bald-headed poisonous
male snake on the Day of Resurrection."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 183:
Narrated Zaid bin Wahb:
I passed by (visited ) Abu Dhar at Ar-Rabadha
and said to him, "What has brought you to this
land?" He said, "We were at Sham and I recited
the Verse: "They who hoard up gold and silver
and spend them not in the way of Allah;
announce to them a painful torment, " (9.34)
where upon Muawiya said, 'This Verse is not for
us, but for the people of the Scripture.' Then I

said, 'But it is both for us (Muslim) and for them.'

"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 184:
Narrated Abu Bakr:
The Prophet said, "Time has come back to its

original state which it had when Allah created the

Heavens and the Earth; the year is twelve
months, four of which are sacred. Three of them
are in succession; Dhul-Qa'da, Dhul-Hijja and
Al-Muharram, and (the fourth being) Rajab
Mudar (named after the tribe of Mudar as they
used to respect this month) which stands
between Jumad (ath-thani) and Sha'ban."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 185:
Narrated Abu Bakr:
I was in the company of the Prophet in the cave,

and on seeing the traces of the pagans, I said, "O

Allah's Apostle If one of them (pagans) should lift

up his foot, he will see us." He said, "What do
you think of two, the third of whom is Allah?"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 186:
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika:
When there happened the disagreement between
Ibn Az-Zubair and Ibn 'Abbas, I said (to the
latter), "(Why don't you take the oath of

allegiance to him as) his father is Az-Zubair, and

his mother is Asma,' and his aunt is 'Aisha, and
his maternal grandfather is Abu Bakr, and his
grandmother is Safiya?"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 187:
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika:
There was a disagreement between them (i.e. Ibn
'Abbas and Ibn Az-Zubair) so I went to Ibn
'Abbas in the morning and said (to him), "Do you
want to fight against Ibn Zubair and thus make

lawful what Allah has made unlawful (i.e. fighting

in Meccas?" Ibn 'Abbas said, "Allah forbid!
Allah ordained that Ibn Zubair and Bani Umaiya
would permit (fighting in Mecca), but by Allah, I
will never regard it as permissible." Ibn Abbas
added. "The people asked me to take the oath of
allegiance to Ibn AzZubair. I said, 'He is really
entitled to assume authority for his father,
Az-Zubair was the helper of the Prophet, his
(maternal) grandfather, Abu Bakr was (the
Prophet's) companion in the cave, his mother,
Asma' was 'Dhatun-Nitaq', his aunt, 'Aisha was
the mother of the Believers, his paternal aunt,
Khadija was the wife of the Prophet , and the
paternal aunt of the Prophet was his
grandmother. He himself is pious and chaste in
Islam, well versed in the Knowledge of the

Quran. By Allah! (Really, I left my relatives, Bani

Umaiya for his sake though) they are my close

relatives, and if they should be my rulers, they are

equally apt to be so and are descended from a
noble family.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 188:
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika:
We entered upon Ibn 'Abbas and he said "Are
you not astonished at Ibn Az-Zubair's assuming

the caliphate?" I said (to myself), "I will support

him and speak of his good traits as I did not do
even for Abu Bakr and 'Umar though they were

more entitled to receive al I good than he was." I

said "He (i.e Ibn Az-Zubair) is the son of the aunt

of the Prophet and the son of AzZubair, and the
grandson of Abu Bakr and the son of Khadija's
brother, and the son of 'Aisha's sister."
Nevertheless, he considers himself to be superior
to me and does not want me to be one of his
friends. So I said, "I never expected that he
would refuse my offer to support him, and I don't
think he intends to do me any good, therefore, if

my cousins should inevitably be my rulers, it will

be better for me to be ruled by them than by
some others."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 189:
Narrated Abu Said:
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 190:
Narrated Abu Musud:
When we were ordered to give alms, we began
to work as porters (to earn something we could
give in charity). Abu Uqail came with one half of
a Sa (special measure for food grains) and
another person brought more than he did. So the

hypocrites said, "Allah is not in need of the alms

of this (i.e. 'Uqail); and this other person did not

give alms but for showing off." Then Allah
revealed:--
'Those who criticize such of the Believers who
give charity voluntarily and those who could not

find to give in charity except what is available to

them.' (9.79)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 191:
Narrated Shaqiq:
Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari said, "Allah's Apostle,
used to order us to give alms. So one of us
would exert himself to earn one Mud (special
measure of wheat or dates, etc.,) to give in
charity; while today one of us may have one
hundred thousand." Shaqiq said: As if Abu
Masud referred to himself.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 192:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When 'Abdullah bin 'Ubai died, his son 'Abdullah
bin 'Abdullah came to Allah's Apostle and asked
him to give him his shirt in order to shroud his

father in it. He gave it to him and then 'Abdullah

asked the Prophet to offer the funeral prayer for
him (his father). Allah's Apostle got up to offer
the funeral prayer for him, but Umar got up too
and got hold of the garment of Allah's Apostle
and said, "O Allah's Apostle Will you offer the
funeral prayer for him though your Lord has

forbidden you to offer the prayer for him" Allah's

Apostle said, "But Allah has given me the choice
by saying:
'(Whether you) ask forgiveness for them, or do
not ask forgiveness for them; even if you ask
forgiveness for them seventy times..' (9.80) so I
will ask more than seventy times." 'Umar said,
"But he ('Abdullah bin 'Ubai) is a hypocrite!"
However, Allah's Apostle did offer the funeral
prayer for him whereupon Allah revealed:
'And never (O Muhammad) pray for anyone of
them that dies, nor stand at his grave.' (9.84)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 193:
Narrated Umar bin Al-Khattab:
When 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul died, Allah's
Apostle was called in order to offer the funeral
prayer for him. When Allah's Apostle got up (to
offer the prayer) I jumped towards him and said,
"O Allah's Apostle! Do you offer the prayer for
Ibn Ubai although he said so-and-so on
such-and-such-a day?" I went on mentioning his
sayings. Allah's Apostle smiled and said, "Keep
away from me, O 'Umar!" But when I spoke too
much to him, he said, "I have been given the
choice, and I have chosen (this) ; and if I knew
that if I asked forgiveness for him more than
seventy times, he would be for given, I would
ask it for more times than that." So Allah's
Apostle offered the funeral prayer for him and

then left, but he did not stay long before the two

Verses of Surat-Bara'a were revealed, i.e.:--
'And never (O Muhammad) pray for anyone of

them that dies.... and died in a state of rebellion.'

(9.84) Later I was astonished at my daring to
speak like that to Allah's Apostle and Allah and
His Apostle know best.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 194:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
When Abdullah bin Ubai died, his son 'Abdullah
bin 'Abdullah came to Allah's Apostle who gave
his shirt to him and ordered him to shroud his

father in it. Then he stood up to offer the funeral

prayer for the deceased, but 'Umar bin
Al-Khattab took hold of his garment and said,
"Do you offer the funeral prayer for him though
he was a hypocrite and Allah has forbidden you
to ask forgiveness for hypocrites?" The Prophet

said, "Allah has given me the choice (or Allah has

informed me) saying:
"Whether you, O Muhammad, ask forgiveness
for them, or do not ask forgiveness for them,
even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy

times, Allah will not forgive them," (9.80) The he

added, "I will (appeal to Allah for his sake) more

than seventy times." So Allah's Apostle offered

the funeral prayer for him and we too, offered the

prayer along with him. Then Allah revealed: "And
never, O Muhammad, pray (funeral prayer) for
anyone of them that dies, nor stand at his grave.
Certainly they disbelieved in Allah and His
Apostle and died in a state of rebellion." (9.84)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 195:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Ka'b:
I heard Ka'b bin Malik at the time he remained
behind and did not join (the battle of) Tabuk,
saying, "By Allah, no blessing has Allah
bestowed upon me, besides my guidance to
Islam, better than that of helping me speak the
truth to Allah's Apostle otherwise I would have
told the Prophet a lie and would have been
ruined like those who had told a lie when the
Divine Inspiration was revealed:-- "They will
swear by Allah to you (Muslims) when you

return to them.. the rebellious people." (9.95-96)

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 196:
Narrated Samura bin Jundab:

Allah's Apostle said, "Tonight two (visitors) came

to me (in my dream) and took me to a town built
with gold bricks and silver bricks. There we met
men who, half of their bodies, look like the
most-handsome human beings you have ever

seen, and the other half, the ugliest human beings

you have ever seen. Those two visitors said to
those men, 'Go and dip yourselves in that river.
So they dipped themselves therein and then came
to us, their ugliness having disappeared and they
were in the most-handsome shape. The visitors

said, 'The first is the Garden of Eden and that is

your dwelling place.' Then they added, 'As for
those people who were half ugly and half
handsome, they were those who mixed good
deeds and bad deeds, but Allah forgave them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 197:
Narrated Al-Musaiyab:
When Abu Talib's death approached, the
Prophet went to him while Abu Jahl and
'Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya were present with him.
The Prophet said, "O uncle, say: None has the
right to be worshipped except Allah, so that I
may argue for your case with it before Allah." On
that, Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Abu Umaiya
said, "O Abu Talib! Do you want to renounce
'Abdul Muttalib's religion?" Then the Prophet
said, "I will keep on asking (Allah for)
forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden to do
so." Then there was revealed:--
'It is not fitting for the Prophet and those who
believe that they should invoke (Allah) for
forgiveness for pagans even though they be of
kin, after it has become clear to them that they
are companions of the Fire.' (9.113)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 198:
Narrated Abdullah bin Ka'b:
I heard Ka'b bin Malik talking about the Verse:--
'And to the three (He also forgave) who
remained behind.' (9.118) saying in the last

portion of his talk, "(I said), 'As a part (sign) of

my repentance, I would like to give up all my
property in the cause of Allah and His Apostle,'
The Prophet said to me, 'Keep some of your
wealth as it is good for you." (To the three (He
also forgave) who remained behind till for them

the earth, vast as it is, was straitened..." (9.118)

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 199:
Narrated Abdullah bin Kab:
I heard Ka'b bin Malik who was one of the three
who were forgiven, saying that he had never
remained behind Allah's Apostle in any Ghazwa
which he had fought except two Ghazwat
Ghazwat-al'Usra (Tabuk) and Ghazwat-Badr.
He added. "I decided to tell the truth to Allah's
Apostle in the forenoon, and scarcely did he
return from a journey he made, except in the
forenoon, he would go first to the mosque and
offer a two-Rak'at prayer. The Prophet forbade
others to speak to me or to my two companions,
but he did not prohibit speaking to any of those
who had remained behind excepting us. So the
people avoided speaking to us, and I stayed in

that state till I could no longer bear it, and the

only thing that worried me was that I might die
and the Prophet would not offer the funeral
prayer for me, or Allah's Apostle might die and I
would be left in that social status among the
people that nobody would speak to me or offer
the funeral prayer for me. But Allah revealed His

Forgiveness for us to the Prophet in the last third

of the night while Allah's Apostle was with Um
Salama. Um Salama sympathized with me and
helped me in my disaster. Allah's Apostle said,
'O Um Salama! Ka'b has been forgiven!' She

said, 'Shall I send someone to him to give him the

good tidings?' He said, 'If you did so, the people

would not let you sleep the rest of the night.' So

when the Prophet had offered the Fajr prayer, he
announced Allah's Forgiveness for us. His face
used to look as bright as a piece of the (full)
moon whenever he was pleased. When Allah
revealed His Forgiveness for us, we were the
three whose case had been deferred while the
excuse presented by those who had apologized
had been accepted. But when there were
mentioned those who had told the Prophet lies
and remained behind (the battle of Tabuk) and
had given false excuses, they were described
with the worse description one may be described

with. Allah said: 'They will present their excuses

to you (Muslims) when you return to them. Say:
Present no excuses; we shall not believe you.

Allah has already informed us of the true state of

matters concerning you. Allah and His Apostle
will observe your actions." (9.94)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 200:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Kab:
I heard Ka'b bin Malik talking about the story of
the battle of Tabuk when he remained behind,
"By Allah, I do not know anyone whom Allah

has helped for telling the truth more than me since

I mentioned that truth to Allah's Apostle till
today, I have never intended to tell a lie. And
Allah revealed to His Apostle: "Verily! Allah has

forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin............ and

be with those who are true (in words and
deeds)." (9.117-119) (See Hadith No. 702 Vol
5).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 201:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit Al-Ansari:
who was one of those who used to write the
Divine Revelation: Abu Bakr sent for me after the
(heavy) casualties among the warriors (of the
battle) of Yamama (where a great number of
Qurra' were killed). 'Umar was present with Abu
Bakr who said, 'Umar has come to me and said,
The people have suffered heavy casualties on the
day of (the battle of) Yamama, and I am afraid
that there will be more casualties among the
Qurra' (those who know the Qur'an by heart) at
other battle-fields, whereby a large part of the
Qur'an may be lost, unless you collect it. And I
am of the opinion that you should collect the
Qur'an." Abu Bakr added, "I said to 'Umar,
'How can I do something which Allah's Apostle

has not done?' 'Umar said (to me), 'By Allah, it is

(really) a good thing.' So 'Umar kept on pressing,

trying to persuade me to accept his proposal, till

Allah opened my bosom for it and I had the
same opinion as 'Umar." (Zaid bin Thabit added:)
Umar was sitting with him (Abu Bakr) and was
not speaking. me). "You are a wise young man
and we do not suspect you (of telling lies or of
forgetfulness): and you used to write the Divine
Inspiration for Allah's Apostle. Therefore, look

for the Qur'an and collect it (in one manuscript). "

By Allah, if he (Abu Bakr) had ordered me to
shift one of the mountains (from its place) it
would not have been harder for me than what he
had ordered me concerning the collection of the
Qur'an. I said to both of them, "How dare you
do a thing which the Prophet has not done?" Abu

Bakr said, "By Allah, it is (really) a good thing.

So I kept on arguing with him about it till Allah
opened my bosom for that which He had opened
the bosoms of Abu Bakr and Umar. So I started
locating Quranic material and collecting it from
parchments, scapula, leaf-stalks of date palms
and from the memories of men (who knew it by
heart). I found with Khuzaima two Verses of
Surat-at-Tauba which I had not found with
anybody else, (and they were):--
"Verily there has come to you an Apostle
(Muhammad) from amongst yourselves. It
grieves him that you should receive any injury or
difficulty He (Muhammad) is ardently anxious
over you (to be rightly guided)" (9.128)
The manuscript on which the Quran was
collected, remained with Abu Bakr till Allah took
him unto Him, and then with 'Umar till Allah took
him unto Him, and finally it remained with Hafsa,
Umar's daughter.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 202:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When the Prophet arrived at Medina, the Jews
were observing the fast on 'Ashura' (10th of
Muharram) and they said, "This is the day when
Moses became victorious over Pharaoh," On
that, the Prophet said to his companions, "You
(Muslims) have more right to celebrate Moses'

victory than they have, so observe the fast on this

day."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 203:
Narrated Muhammad bin 'Abbas bin Ja'far:
That he heard Ibn 'Abbas reciting: "No doubt!
They fold up their breasts." (11.5) and asked him
about its explanation. He said, "Some people
used to hide themselves while answering the call
of nature in an open space lest they be exposed
to the sky, and also when they had sexual
relation with their wives in an open space lest
they be exposed to the sky, so the above
revelation was sent down regarding them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 204:
Narrated Muhammad bin Abbas bin Ja'far:
Ibn Abbas recited. "No doubt! They fold up their
breasts." I said, "O Abu Abbas! What is meant
by "They fold up their breasts?" He said, "A man

used to feel shy on having sexual relation with his

wife or on answering the call of nature (in an
open space) so this Verse was revealed:-- "No
doubt! They fold up their breasts."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 205:
Narrated 'Amr:
Ibn 'Abbas recited:-- "No doubt! They fold up
their breasts in order to hide from Him. Surely!
Even when they cover themselves with their
garments.." (11.5)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 206:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'Spend (O
man), and I shall spend on you." He also said,
"Allah's Hand is full, and (its fullness) is not
affected by the continuous spending night and
day." He also said, "Do you see what He has
spent since He created the Heavens and the
Earth? Nevertheless, what is in His Hand is not
decreased, and His Throne was over the water;
and in His Hand there is the balance (of justice)
whereby He raises and lowers (people)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 207:
Narrated Safwan bin Muhriz:
While Ibn Umar was performing the Tawaf
(around the Ka'ba), a man came up to him and
said, "O Abu 'AbdurRahman!" or said, "O Ibn
Umar! Did you hear anything from the Prophet
about An-Najwa?" Ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the
Prophet saying, 'The Believer will be brought
near his Lord." (Hisham, a sub-narrator said,

reporting the Prophet's words), "The believer will

come near (his Lord) till his Lord covers him with

His screen and makes him confess his sins. (Allah
will ask him), 'Do you know (that you did)
'such-and-such sin?" He will say twice, 'Yes, I
do.' Then Allah will say, 'I concealed it in the
world and I forgive it for you today.' Then the
record of his good deeds will be folded up. As
for the others, or the disbelievers, it will be
announced publicly before the witnesses: 'These
are ones who lied against their Lord."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 208:
Narrated Abu Musa:
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah gives respite to the
oppressor, but when He takes him over, He
never releases him." Then he recited:--
"Such is the seizure of your Lord when He seizes

(population of) towns in the midst of their wrong:

Painful indeed, and severe is His seizure.'
(11.102)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 209:
Narrated Ibn Masud:
A man kissed a woman and then came to Allah's
Apostle and told him of that, so this Divine
Inspiration was revealed to the Prophet 'And
offer Prayers perfectly at the two ends of the
day, and in some hours of the night; (i.e. (five)
compulsory prayers). Verily, the good deeds
remove the evil deeds (small sins) That is a
reminder for the mindful.' (11.114) The man said,

Is this instruction for me only?' The Prophet said,

"It is for all those of my followers who encounter

a similar situation."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 210:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
The Prophet said, "The honorable, the son of the
honorable the son of the honorable, i.e. Joseph,
the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of
Abraham."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 211:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle was asked, "Who are the most
honorable of the people?" The Prophet said,
"The most honorable of them in Allah's Sight are
those who keep their duty to Allah and fear Him.
They said, "We do not ask you about that." He
said, "Then the most honorable of the people is
Joseph, Allah's prophet, the son of Allah's
prophet, the son of Allah's prophet, the son of
Allah's Khalil i.e. Abraham) They said, "We do
not ask you about that." The Prophet said, Do
you ask about (the virtues of the ancestry of the
Arabs?" They said, "Yes," He said, "Those who
were the best amongst you in the Pre-lslamic
Period are the
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 212:
Narrated Az-Zuhri:
Urwa bin Az-Zubair, Said bin Al-Musaiyab,
'Al-Qama bin Waqqas and 'Ubaidullah bin

'Abdullah related the narration of 'Aisha, the wife

the Prophet, when the slanderers had said about
her what they had said and Allah later declared
her innocence. Each of them related a part of the
narration (wherein) the Prophet said (to 'Aisha).

"If you are innocent, then Allah will declare your

innocence: but if you have committed a sin, then
ask for Allah's Forgiveness and repent to him."
'Aisha said, "By Allah, I find no example for my
case except that of Joseph's father (when he

said), 'So (for me) patience is most fitting.' " Then

Allah revealed the ten Verses:-- "Verily those
who spread the slander are a gang amongst
you.." (24.11)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 213:
Narrated Um Ruman:
Who was 'Aisha's mother: While I was with
'Aisha, 'Aisha got fever, whereupon the Prophet
said, "Probably her fever is caused by the story

related by the people (about her)." I said, "Yes."

Then 'Aisha sat up and said, "My example and
your example is similar to that of Jacob and his
sons:--'Nay, but your minds have made up a tale.
So (for me) patience is most fitting. It is Allah
(alone) Whose help can be sought against that
which you assert.' (12.18)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 214:
Narrated Abu Wail:
'Abdullah bin Mas'ud recited "Haita laka (Come
you)," and added, "We recite it as we were
taught it."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 215:
Narrated Abdullah (bin Mas'ud):
When the Prophet realized that the Quraish had
delayed in embracing Islam, he said, "O Allah!
Protect me against their evil by afflicting them
with seven (years of famine) like the seven years
of (Prophet) Joseph." So they were struck with a

year of famine that destroyed everything till they

had to eat bones, and till a man would look
towards the sky and see something like smoke
between him and it. Allah said:--
"Then watch you (O Muhammad) for the day
when the sky will produce a kind of smoke

plainly visible." (44.10) And Allah further said:--

"Verily! We shall withdraw the punishment a

little, Verily you will return (to disbelief)." (44.15)

(Will Allah relieve them from torture on the Day
of Resurrection?) (The punishment of) the smoke
had passed and Al-Baltsha (the destruction of
the pagans in the Badr battle) had passed too.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 216:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah bestow His
Mercy on (Prophet) Lot. (When his nation
troubled him) he wished if he could betake
himself to some powerful support; and if I were
to remain in prison for the period Joseph had
remained, I would surely respond to the call; and
we shall have more right (to be in doubt) than
Abraham: When Allah said to him, "Don't you
believe?' Abraham said, 'Yes, (I do believe) but
to be stronger in faith; (2.260)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 217:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
That when he asked 'Aisha about the statement
of Allah "Until when the Apostles gave up hope
(of their people)." (12.110) she told him (its
meaning), 'Urwa added, "I said, 'Did they
(Apostles) suspect that they were betrayed (by

Allah) or that they were treated as liars by (their

people)?' 'Aisha said, '(They suspected) that they

were treated as liars by (their people),' I said,

'But they were sure that their people treated them

as liars and it was not a matter of suspicion.' She

said, 'Yes, upon my life they were sure about it.'

I said to her. 'So they (Apostles) suspected that
they were betrayed (by Allah).' She said, "Allah
forbid! The Apostles never suspected their Lord
of such a thing.' I said, 'What about this Verse
then?' She said, 'It is about the Apostles'
followers who believed in their Lord and trusted
their Apostles, but the period of trials was
prolonged and victory was delayed till the
Apostles gave up all hope of converting those of
the people who disbelieved them and the

Apostles thought that their followers treated them

as liars; thereupon Allah's help came to them.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 218:
Narrated 'Urwa:
"I told her ('Aisha): (Regarding the above
narration), they (Apostles) were betrayed (by

Allah)." She said: Allah forbid or said similarly.

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 219:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "The keys of Unseen are
five which none knows but Allah: None knows
what will happen tomorrow but Allah; none
knows what is in the wombs (a male child or a
female) but Allah; none knows when it will rain
but Allah; none knows at what place one will die;
none knows when the Hour will be established
but Allah." (See The Quran 31:34.")
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 220:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
While we were with Allah's Apostle he said, "Tell
me of a tree which resembles a Muslim man. Its
leaves do not fall and it does not, and does not,

and does not, and it gives its fruits every now and

then." It came to my mind that such a tree must
be the date palm, but seeing Abu Bakr and
'Umar saying nothing, I disliked to speak. So
when they did not say anything, Allah's Apostle
said, "It is the date-palm tree." When we got up
(from that place), I said to 'Umar, "O my father!
By Allah, it came to my mind that it must be the
date palm tree." 'Umar said, "What prevented
you from speaking" I replied, "I did not see you

speaking, so I misliked to speak or say anything."

Umar then said, "If you had said it, it would have

been dearer to me than so-and-so."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 221:
Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib:
Allah's Apostle said, "When a Muslim is

questioned in his grave, he will testify that none

has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that
Muhammad is Allah's Apostle, and that is what is
meant by Allah's Statement:--
"Allah will keep firm those who believe with a
Word that stands firm in this world and in the
Hereafter." (14.27)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 222:
Narrated Ata:
When Ibn 'Abbas heard:-- "Have you not seen
those who have changed the favor of Allah into
disbelief?" (14.28) he said, "Those were the
disbelieving pagans of Mecca."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 223:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "When Allah has ordained
some affair in the Heaven, the angels beat with
their wings in obedience to His statement, which
sounds like a chain dragged over a rock." ('Ali
and other sub-narrators said, "The sound reaches
them.") "Until when fear is banished from their
(angels) hearts, they (angels) say, 'What was it
that your Lord said? They say, 'The truth; And
He is the Most High, the Most Great.' (34.23)
Then those who gain a hearing by stealing (i.e.
devils) will hear Allah's Statement:-- 'Those who
gain a hearing by stealing, (stand one over the
other like this).

(Sufyan, to illustrate this, spread the fingers of his

right hand and placed them one over the other
horizontally.) A flame may overtake and burn the
eavesdropper before conveying the news to the
one below him; or it may not overtake him till he
has conveyed it to the one below him, who in his
turn, conveys it to the one below him, and so on
till they convey the news to the earth. (Or
probably Sufyan said, "Till the news reaches the
earth.") Then the news is inspired to a sorcerer
who would add a hundred lies to it. His
prophecy will prove true (as far as the heavenly
news is concerned). The people will say. 'Didn't
he tell us that on such-and-such a day,
such-and-such a thing will happen? We have
found that is true because of the true news heard
from heaven."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 224:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
(The same Hadith above, starting: 'When Allah

has ordained some affair...') In this narration the

word foreteller is added to the word wizard.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 225:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
(While we were going for the Battle of Tabuk
and when we reached the places of the dwellers
of Al-Hijr), Allah's Apostle said about the
dwellers of Al-Hijr (to us). "Do not enter (the
dwelling places) of these people unless you enter
weeping, but if you weep not, then do not enter
upon them, lest you be afflicted with what they
were afflicted with."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 226:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Mualla:
While I was praying, the Prophet passed by and
called me, but I did not go to him till I had
finished my prayer. When I went to him, he said,
"What prevented you from coming?" I said, "I
was praying." He said, "Didn't Allah say" "O you
who believes Give your response to Allah (by
obeying Him) and to His Apostle." (8.24) Then

he added, "Shall I tell you the most superior Sura

in the Qur'an before I go out of the mosque?"
When the Prophet intended to go out (of the
Mosque), I reminded him and he said, "That is:

"Alhamdu-lillahi Rabbil-'Alamin (Surat-al-fatiha)'

which is the seven oft repeated verses
(Al-Mathani) and the Grand Quran which has
been given to me."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 227:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Um (substance) of the
Quran is the seven oft-repeated verses
(Al-Mathaini) and is the Great Quran (i.e.
Surat-al-Fatiha)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 228:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Those who have made their Scripture into parts
are the people of the Scripture who divided it
into portions and believed in a part of it and
disbelieved the other.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 229:
Narrated Ibn Abbas: concerning:
"As We sent down (the Scripture) on those who
are divided (Jews and Christians)." (15.90) They

believed in part of it and disbelieved in the other,

are the Jews and the Christians. the Christians.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 230:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle used to invoke thus: "O Allah! I
seek refuge with You from miserliness, laziness;
from old geriatric age the punishment in the
grave; from the affliction of Ad-Dajjal; and from
the afflictions of life and death.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 231:
Narrated Ibn Mas'ud:
Surat Bani Israel and Al-Kahf and Mary are
among my first old property.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 232:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle was presented with two cups one

containing wine and the other milk on the night of

his night journey at Jerusalem. He looked at it
and took the milk. Gabriel said, "Thanks to Allah
Who guided you to the Fitra (i.e. Islam); if you
had taken the wine, your followers would have
gone astray.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 233:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "When the Quraish disbelieved
me (concerning my night journey), I stood up in
Al-Hijr (the unroofed portion of the Ka'ba) and
Allah displayed Bait-ul-Maqdis before me, and I
started to inform them (Quraish) about its signs
while looking at it."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 234:
Narrated Abdullah:
During the Pre-lslamic period of ignorance if any
tribe became great in number, we used to say,
"Amira the children of so-and-so."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 235:
Narrated Al-Humaidi:
Sufyan narrated to us something and used the
word 'Amira'.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 236:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Some (cooked) meat was brought to Allah
Apostle and the meat of a forearm was
presented to him as he used to like it. He ate a

morsel of it and said, "I will be the chief of all the

people on the Day of Resurrection. Do you
know the reason for it? Allah will gather all the
human being of early generations as well as late

generation on one plain so that the announcer will

be able to make them all-hear his voice and the
watcher will be able to see all of them. The sun
will come so close to the people that they will
suffer such distress and trouble as they will not
be able to bear or stand. Then the people will
say, 'Don't you see to what state you have
reached? Won't you look for someone who can
intercede for you with your Lord' Some people
will say to some others, 'Go to Adam.' So they
will go to Adam and say to him. 'You are the
father of mankind; Allah created you with His
Own Hand, and breathed into you of His Spirit
(meaning the spirit which he created for you);
and ordered the angels to prostrate before you;
so (please) intercede for us with your Lord.
Don't you see in what state we are? Don't you
see what condition we have reached?' Adam will
say, 'Today my Lord has become angry as He
has never become before, nor will ever become

thereafter. He forbade me (to eat of the fruit of)

the tree, but I disobeyed Him . Myself! Myself!
Myself! (has more need for intercession). Go to
someone else; go to Noah.' So they will go to
Noah and say (to him), 'O Noah! You are the

first (of Allah's Messengers) to the people of the

earth, and Allah has named you a thankful slave;
please intercede for us with your Lord. Don't you
see in what state we are?' He will say.' Today my
Lord has become angry as He has never become
nor will ever become thereafter. I had (in the
world) the right to make one definitely accepted
invocation, and I made it against my nation.
Myself! Myself! Myself! Go to someone else; go
to Abraham.' They will go to Abraham and say,
'O Abraham! You are Allah's Apostle and His
Khalil from among the people of the earth; so
please intercede for us with your Lord. Don't you
see in what state we are?' He will say to them,
'My Lord has today become angry as He has
never become before, nor will ever become

thereafter. I had told three lies (Abu Haiyan (the

sub-narrator) mentioned them in the Hadith)
Myself! Myself! Myself! Go to someone else; go
to Moses.' The people will then go to Moses and
say, 'O Moses! You art Allah's Apostle and
Allah gave you superiority above the others with
this message and with His direct Talk to you;
(please) intercede for us with your Lord Don't
you see in what state we are?' Moses will say,
'My Lord has today become angry as He has
never become before, nor will become
thereafter, I killed a person whom I had not been
ordered to kill. Myself! Myself! Myself! Go to
someone else; go to Jesus.' So they will go to
Jesus and say, 'O Jesus! You are Allah's Apostle
and His Word which He sent to Mary, and a
superior soul created by Him, and you talked to

the people while still young in the cradle. Please

intercede for us with your Lord. Don't you see in
what state we are?' Jesus will say. 'My Lord has
today become angry as He has never become

before nor will ever become thereafter. Jesus will

not mention any sin, but will say, 'Myself!
Myself! Myself! Go to someone else; go to
Muhammad.' So they will come to me and say,
'O Muhammad ! You are Allah's Apostle and the

last of the prophets, and Allah forgave your early

and late sins. (Please) intercede for us with your

Lord. Don't you see in what state we are?" The
Prophet added, "Then I will go beneath Allah's
Throne and fall in prostration before my Lord.
And then Allah will guide me to such praises and
glorification to Him as He has never guided
anybody else before me. Then it will be said, 'O
Muhammad Raise your head. Ask, and it will be
granted. Intercede It (your intercession) will be
accepted.' So I will raise my head and Say, 'My
followers, O my Lord! My followers, O my
Lord'. It will be said, 'O Muhammad! Let those
of your followers who have no accounts, enter
through such a gate of the gates of Paradise as
lies on the right; and they will share the other
gates with the people." The Prophet further said,
"By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, the distance
between every two gate-posts of Paradise is like
the distance between Mecca and Busra (in
Sham)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 237:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The recitation of Psalms
(David's Quran) was made light and easy for
David that he used to have his ridding animal be
saddled while he would finish the recitation
before the servant had saddled it."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 238:
Narrated Abdullah:
Regarding the explanation of the Verse: 'Those
whom they call upon (worship) (like Jesus the
Son of Mary, angels etc.) desire (for themselves)
means of access to their Lord (Allah) as to which
of them should be the nearer and they hope for
His Mercy and fear His torment.' (17.57) They
themselves (e.g. Angels, saints, Apostles, Jesus,
etc.,) worshipped Allah, Those Jinns who were
worshipped by some Arabs became Muslims
(embraced Islam), but those human beings stuck

to their (old) religion. Al-Amash said extra: 'Say,

(O Muhammad): Call unto those besides Him
whom you assume (to be gods).' (17.56)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 239:
Narrated Abdullah:
Regarding the Verse: 'Those whom they call
upon (worship) (like Jesus the Son of Mary or
angels etc.) desire (for themselves) means of

access, to their Lord....' (17.57) (It was revealed

regarding) some Jinns who used to be
worshipped (by human beings). They later
embraced Islam (while those people kept on
worshipping them).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 240:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Regarding: 'And We granted the vision
(Ascension to the Heaven "Miraj") which We
showed you (O Muhammad as an actual eye
witness) but as a trial for mankind.' (17.60) It
was an actual eye-witness which was shown to
Allah's Apostle during the night he was taken on
a journey (through the heavens). And the cursed
tree is the tree of Az-Zaqqum (a bitter pungent
tree which grows at the bottom of Hell).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 241:
Narrated Ibn Al-Musaiyab:
Abu Huraira said, "The Prophet said, 'A prayer
performed in congregation is twenty-five times
more superior in reward to a prayer performed
by a single person. The angels of the night and

the angels of the day are assembled at the time of

the Fajr (Morning) prayer." Abu Huraira added,
"If you wish, you can recite:-- 'Verily! The
recitation of the Qur'an in the early dawn
(Morning prayer) is ever witnessed (attended by
the angels of the day and the night).' (17.78)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 242:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
On the Day of Resurrection the people will fall
on their knees and every nation will follow their
prophet and they will say, "O so-and-so!
Intercede (for us with Allah), "till (the right)
intercession is given to the Prophet (Muhammad)

and that will be the day when Allah will raise him

into a station of praise and glory (i.e. Al-Maqam
-al-Mahmud).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 243:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: Allah's Apostle
said, "Whoever, after listening to the Adhan (for
the prayer) says, 'O Allah, the Lord of this

complete call and of this prayer, which is going to

be established! Give Muhammad Al-Wasila and
Al-Fadila and
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 244:
Narrated Abdullah bin Masud:
Allah's Apostle entered Mecca (in the year of the
Conquest) and there were three-hundred and
sixty idols around the Ka'ba. He then started
hitting them with a stick in his hand and say:
'Truth (i.e. Islam) has come and falsehood

(disbelief) vanished. Truly falsehood (disbelief) is

ever bound to vanish.' (17.81) 'Truth has come
and falsehood (Iblis) can not create anything.'
(34.49)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 245:
Narrated Abdullah:
While I was in the company of the Prophet on a
farm and he was reclining on a palm leave stalk,
some Jews passed by. Some of them said to the
others. "Ask him (the Prophet about the spirit."
Some of them said, "What urges you to ask him

about it" Others said, "(Don't) lest he should give

you a reply which you dislike." But they said,
"Ask him." So they asked him about the Spirit.
The Prophet kept quiet and did not give them
any answer. I knew that he was being divinely
inspired so I stayed at my place. When the divine
inspiration had been revealed, the Prophet said.
"They ask you (O, Muhammad) concerning the

Spirit, Say: "The spirit," its knowledge is with my

Lord; and of knowledge you (mankind) have
been given only a Little." (17.85)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 246:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
(regarding): 'Neither say your, prayer aloud, nor
say it in a low tone.' (17.110) This Verse was
revealed while Allah's Apostle was hiding himself
in Mecca. When he prayed with his companions,
he used to raise his voice with the recitation of
Qur'an, and if the pagans happened to hear him,
they would abuse the Qur'an, the One who
revealed it and the one who brought it. Therefore
Allah said to His Prophet : 'Neither say your
prayer aloud.' (17.110) i.e. do not recite aloud
lest the pagans should hear you, but follow a way
between.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 247:
Narrated Aisha:
The (above) verse was revealed in connection
with the invocations.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 248:
Narrated 'Ali:
That one night Allah's Apostle came to him and
Fatima and said, "Don't you (both offer the
(Tahajjud) prayer?" Ali said, 'When Allah wishes
us to get up, we get up." The Prophet then
recited: 'But man is more quarrelsome than
anything.' (18.54) (See Hadith No. 227,Vol. 2)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 249:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I said to Ibn 'Abbas, "Nauf Al-Bikali claims that
Moses, the companion of Al-Khadir was not the
Moses of the children of Israel" Ibn 'Abbas said,
"The enemy of Allah (Nauf) told a lie." Narrated
Ubai bin Ka'b that he heard Allah's Apostle
saying, "Moses got up to deliver a speech before
the children of Israel and he was asked, Who is
the most learned person among the people?'
Moses replied, 'I (am the most learned).' Allah
admonished him for he did not ascribe
knowledge to Allah alone. So Allah revealed to
him: 'At the junction of the two seas there is a
slave of Ours who is more learned than you.'
Moses asked, 'O my Lord, how can I meet him?'

Allah said, 'Take a fish and put it in a basket (and

set out), and where you, will lose the fish, you

will find him.' So Moses (took a fish and put it in

a basket and) set out, along with his boy-servant
Yusha' bin Nun, till they reached a rock (on
which) they both lay their heads and slept. The
fish moved vigorously in the basket and got out

of it and fell into the sea and there it took its way

through the sea (straight) as in a tunnel). (18.61)

Allah stopped the current of water on both sides
of the way created by the fish, and so that way
was like a tunnel. When Moses got up, his
companion forgot to tell him about the fish, and

so they carried on their journey during the rest of

the day and the whole night.
The next morning Moses asked his boy-servant
'Bring us our early meal; no doubt, we have
suffered much fatigue in this journey of ours.'
(18.62) Moses did not get tired till he had
passed the place which Allah had ordered him to

seek after. His boy-servant then said to him,' 'Do

you remember when we be-took ourselves to the
rock I indeed forgot the fish, none but Satan
made me forget to remember it. It took its course
into the sea in a marvelous way.' (18.63)
There was a tunnel for the fish and for Moses
and his boy-servant there was astonishment.
Moses said, 'That is what we have been seeking'.
So they went back retracing their footsteps.
(18.64) They both returned, retracing their steps
till they reached the rock. Behold ! There they
found a man covered with a garment. Moses
greeted him. Al-Khadir said astonishingly. 'Is

there such a greeting in your land?' Moses said, 'I

am Moses.' He said, 'Are you the Moses of the
children of Israel?' Moses said, 'I have come to
you so that you may teach me of what you have
been taught.
Al-Khadir said, 'You will not be able to have
patience with me. (18.66) O Moses! I have
some of Allah's knowledge which He has
bestowed upon me but you do not know it; and
you too, have some of Allah's knowledge which
He has bestowed upon you, but I do not know
it." Moses said, "Allah willing, you will find me
patient, and I will not disobey you in anything.'
(18.6) Al-Khadir said to him. 'If you then follow
me, do not ask me about anything until I myself
speak to you concerning it.' (18.70), After that

both of them proceeded along the sea coast, till a

boat passed by and they requested the crew to
let them go on board. The crew recognized
Al-Khadir and allowed them to get on board free
of charge. When they got on board suddenly
Moses saw that Al-Khadir had pulled out one of
the planks of the boat with an adze. Moses said

to him.' These people gave us a free lift, yet you

have scuttled their boat so as to drown its
people! Truly, you have done a dreadful thing.'
(18.71)
Al-Khadir said, 'Didn't I say that you can have
no patience with me ?' (18.72) Moses said, 'Call
me not to account for what I forgot and be not
hard upon me for my affair (with you.)" (18.73)
Allah's Apostle said, "The first excuse given by
Moses, was that he had forgotten. Then a
sparrow came and sat over the edge of the boat
and dipped its beak once in the sea. Al-Khadir
said to Moses, 'My knowledge and your
knowledge, compared to Allah's knowledge is
like what this sparrow has taken out of the sea.'
Then they both got out of the boat, and while
they were walking on the sea shore, Al-Khadir
saw a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir

got hold of the head of that boy and pulled it out

with his hands and killed him. Moses said, 'Have
you killed an innocent soul who has killed
nobody! Truly, you have done an illegal thing.'
(18.74) He said, "Didn't I tell you that you can
have no patience with me?' (18.75) (The sub
narrator said, the second blame was stronger
than the first one.) Moses said, 'If I ask you
about anything after this, keep me not in your
company, you have received an excuse from me.'
(18.76)
Then they both proceeded until they came to the
inhabitants of a town. They asked them food but

they refused to entertain them. (In that town) they

found there a wall on the point of falling down.
(18.77) Al-Khadir set it up straight with his own
hands. Moses said, 'These are people to whom
we came, but they neither fed us nor received us
as guests. If you had wished, you could surely
have exacted some recompense for it. Al-Khadir
said, 'This is the parting between me and you

..that is the interpretation of (those things) over

which you were unable to hold patience.'
(18.78-82)
Allah's Apostle said, "We wished that Moses
could have been more patient so that Allah might
have described to us more about their story."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 250:
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
Ya'la bin Muslim and 'Amr bin Dinar and some
others narrated the narration of Said bin Jubair.
Narrated Said: While we were at the house of
Ibn 'Abbas, Ibn 'Abbas said, "Ask me (any
question)" I said, "O Abu Abbas! May Allah let
me be sacrificed for you ! There is a man at Kufa

who is a story-teller called Nauf; who claims that

he (Al-Khadir's companion) is not Moses of
Bani Israel." As for 'Amr, he said to me, "Ibn
'Abbas said, "(Nauf) the enemy of Allah told a

lie." But Ya'la said to me, "Ibn 'Abbas said, Ubai

bin Ka'b said, Allah's Apostle said, 'Once
Moses, Allah's Apostle, preached to the people

till their eyes shed tears and their hearts became

tender, whereupon he finished his sermon. Then
a man came to Moses and asked, 'O Allah's
Apostle! Is there anyone on the earth who is
more learned than you?' Moses replied, 'No.' So
Allah admonished him (Moses), for he did not
ascribe all knowledge to Allah. It was said, (on
behalf of Allah), 'Yes, (there is a slave of ours
who knows more than you ).' Moses said, 'O my
Lord! Where is he?' Allah said, 'At the junction
of the two seas.' Moses said, 'O my Lord ! Tell I

me of a sign whereby I will recognize the place.' "

'Amr said to me, Allah said, "That place will be
where the fish will leave you." Ya'la said to me,
"Allah said (to Moses), 'Take a dead fish (and
your goal will be) the place where it will become
alive.' " So Moses took a fish and put it in a
basket and said to his boy-servant "I don't want
to trouble you, except that you should inform me
as soon as this fish leaves you." He said (to
Moses)." You have not demanded too much."
And that is as mentioned by Allah:
'And (remember) when Moses said to his

attendant .... ' (18.60) Yusha' bin Nun. (Said did

not state that). The Prophet said, "While the
attendant was in the shade of the rock at a wet
place, the fish slipped out (alive) while Moses
was sleeping. His attend an said (to himself), "I
will not wake him, but when he woke up, he

forgot to tell him The fish slipped out and entered

the sea. Allah stopped the flow of the sea. where

the fish was, so that its trace looked as if it was

made on a rock. 'Amr forming a hole with his
two thumbs an index fingers, said to me, "Like
this, as in its trace was made on a rock." Moses
said "We have suffered much fatigue on this
journey of ours." (This was not narrate by Said).
Then they returned back and found Al-Khadir.
'Uthman bin Abi Sulaiman said to me, (they
found him) on a green carpet in the middle of the
sea. Al-Khadir was covered with his garment
with one end under his feet and the other end
under his head. When Moses greeted, he
uncovered his face and said astonishingly, 'Is
there such a greeting in my land? Who are you?'
Moses said, 'I am Moses.' Al-Khadir said, 'Are
you the Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said,
'Yes.' Al-Khadir said, "What do you want?'
Moses said, ' I came to you so that you may
teach me of the truth which you were taught.'

Al-Khadir said, 'Is it not sufficient for you that

the Torah is in your hands and the Divine
Inspiration comes to you, O Moses? Verily, I
have a knowledge that you ought not learn, and
you have a knowledge which I ought not learn.'
At that time a bird took with its beak (some
water) from the sea: Al-Khadir then said, 'By
Allah, my knowledge and your knowledge
besides Allah's Knowledge is like what this bird

has taken with its beak from the sea.' Until, when

they went on board the boat (18.71). They found
a small boat which used to carry the people from
this sea-side to the other sea-side. The crew
recognized Al-Khadir and said, 'The pious slave
of Allah.' (We said to Said "Was that Khadir?"
He said, "Yes.") The boat men said, 'We will not
get him on board with fare.' Al-Khadir scuttled
the boat and then plugged the hole with a piece o
wood. Moses said, 'Have you scuttle it in order
to drown these people surely, you have done a
dreadful thing. (18.71) (Mujahid said. "Moses
said so protestingly.") Al-Khadir said, didn't I
say that you can have no patience with me?'
(18.72) The first inquiry of Moses was done
because of forget fullness, the second caused him
to be bound with a stipulation, and the third was

done he intentionally. Moses said, 'Call me not to

account for what I forgot and be not hard upon
me for my affair (with you).' (18.73)
(Then) they found a boy and Al-Khadir killed
him. Ya'la- said: Said said 'They found boys
playing and Al-Khadir got hold of a handsome
infidel boy laid him down and then slew him with
knife. Moses said, 'Have you killed a innocent
soul who has killed nobody' (18.74) Then they
proceeded and found a wall which was on the
point of falling down, and Al-Khadir set it up
straight Said moved his hand thus and said
'Al-Khadir raised his hand and the wall became

straight. Ya'la said, 'I think Said said, 'Al-Khadir

touched the wall with his hand and it became
straight (Moses said to Al-Khadir), 'If you had
wished, you could have taken wages for it. Said
said, 'Wages that we might had eaten.' And there
was a king in furor (ahead) of them" (18.79) And

there was in front of them. Ibn 'Abbas recited: 'In

front of them (was) a king.'

It is said on the authority of somebody other than

Said that the king was Hudad bin Budad. They
say that the boy was called Haisur. 'A king who
seized every ship by force. (18.79) So I wished

that if that boat passed by him, he would leave it

because of its defect and when they have passed

they would repair it and get benefit from it. Some

people said that they closed that hole with a
bottle, and some said with tar. 'His parents were
believers, and he (the boy) was a non-believer
and we(Khadir) feared lest he would oppress
them by obstinate rebellion and disbelief.'
(18.80) (i.e. that their love for him would urge

them to follow him in his religion, 'so we (Khadir)

desired that their Lord should change him for
them for one better in righteousness and near to
mercy' (18:81). This was in reply to Moses'
saying: Have you killed an innocent soul.'?
(18.74). 'Near to mercy" means they will be
more merciful to him than they were to the
former whom Khadir had killed. Other than
Sa'id, said that they were compensated with a
girl. Dawud bin Abi 'Asim said on the authority
of more than one that this next child was a girl.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 251:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I said to Ibn 'Abbas, "Nauf-al-Bakali " claims
that Moses of Bani Israel was not Moses, the
companion of Al-Khadir." Ibn 'Abbas said,

"Allah's enemy tells a lie! Ubai bin Ka'b narrated

to us that Allah's Apostle said, 'Moses got up to
deliver a sermon before Bani Israel and he was
asked, 'Who is the most learned person among
the people?' Moses replied, 'I (am the most
learned).' Allah then admonished Moses for he
did not ascribe all knowledge to Allah only
(Then) came the Divine Inspiration:-- 'Yes, one
of Our slaves at the junction of the two seas is
more learned than you.'
Moses said, 'O my Lord ! How can meet him?'
Allah said, 'Take a fish in a basket and wherever

the fish is lost, follow it (you will find him at that

place). So Moses set out along with his attendant
Yusha' bin Nun, and they carried with them a fish
till they reached a rock and rested there. Moses
put his head down and slept. (Sufyan, a
sub-narrator said that somebody other than 'Amr

said) 'At the rock there was a water spring called

'Al-Hayat' and none came in touch with its water
but became alive. So some of the water of that

spring fell over that fish, so it moved and slipped

out of the basket and entered the sea. When
Moses woke up, he asked his attendant, 'Bring
our early meal' (18.62).
The narrator added: Moses did not suffer from
fatigue except after he had passed the place he
had been ordered to observe. His attendant
Yusha bin Nun said to him, 'Do you remember
(what happened) when we betook ourselves to

the rock? I did indeed forget (about) the fish ...'

(18.63) The narrator added: So they came back,
retracing their steps and then they found in the

sea, the way of the fish looking like a tunnel. So

there was an astonishing event for his attendant,
and there was tunnel for the fish. When they
reached the rock, they found a man covered with
a garment. Moses greeted him. The man said

astonishingly, 'Is there any such greeting in your

land?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' The man said,
'Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said, 'Yes,' and
added, 'may I follow you so that you teach me
something of the Knowledge which you have
been taught?' (18.66). Al-Khadir said to him, 'O
Moses! You have something of Allah's
knowledge which Allah has taught you and which
I do not know; and I have something of Allah's
knowledge which Allah has taught me and which
you do not know.' Moses said, 'But I will follow
you.' Al-Khadir said, 'Then if you follow me, ask
me no question about anything until I myself
speak to you concerning it.' (18.70). After that
both of them proceeded along the seashore.
There passed by them a boat whose crew
recognized Al-Khadir and received them on
board free of charge. So they both got on board.
A sparrow came and sat on the edge of the boat
and dipped its beak unto the sea. Al-Khadir said
to Moses. 'My knowledge and your knowledge
and all the creation's knowledge compared to
Allah's knowledge is not more than the water
taken by this sparrow's beak.'
Then Moses was startled by Al-Khadir's action
of taking an adze and scuttling the boat with it.
Moses said to him, 'These people gave us a free

lift, but you intentionally scuttled their boat so as

to drown them. Surely you have...' (18.71) Then
they both proceeded and found a boy playing
with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of him by
the head and cut it off. Moses said to him, 'Have
you killed an innocent soul who has killed
nobody? Surely you have done an illegal thing! '
(18.74) He said, "Didn't I tell you that you will
not be able to have patient with me up to ..but
they refused to entertain them as their guests.
There they found a wall therein at the point of
collapsing.' (18.75-77) Al-Khadir moved his
hand thus and set it upright (repaired it). Moses
said to him, 'When we entered this town, they

neither gave us hospitality nor fed us; if you had

wished, you could have taken wages for it,'
Al-Khadir said, 'This is the parting between you

and me I will tell you the interpretation of (those

things) about which you were unable to hold
patience.'...(18.78)
Allah's Apostle said, 'We wished that Moses
could have been more patient so that He (Allah)
could have described to us more about their

story.' Ibn 'Abbas used to recite:-- 'And in front

(ahead) of them there was a king who used to
seize every (serviceable) boat by force. (18.79)
...and as for the boy he was a disbeliever. "
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 252:
Narrated Musab:
I asked my father, "Was the Verse:-- 'Say: (O
Muhammad) Shall We tell you the greatest losers
in respect of their deeds?'(18.103) revealed
regarding Al-Haruriyya?" He said, "No, but
regarding the Jews and the Christians, for the
Jews disbelieved Muhammad and the Christians
disbelieved in Paradise and say that there are
neither meals nor drinks therein. Al- Hururiyya
are those people who break their pledge to Allah

after they have confirmed that they will fulfill it,

and Sad used to call them 'Al-Fasiqin (evildoers
who forsake Allah's obedience).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 253:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "On the Day of
Resurrection, a huge fat man will come who will
not weigh, the weight of the wing of a mosquito
in Allah's Sight." and then the Prophet added,
'We shall not give them any weight on the Day of
Resurrection ' (18.105)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 254:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle said, "On the Day of
Resurrection Death will be brought forward in
the shape of a black and white ram. Then a call
maker will call, 'O people of Paradise!'
Thereupon they will stretch their necks and look

carefully. The caller will say, 'Do you know this?'

They will say, 'Yes, this is Death.' By then all of

them will have seen it. Then it will be announced

again, 'O people of Hell !' They will stretch their

necks and look carefully. The caller will say, 'Do

you know this?' They will say, 'Yes, this is

Death.' And by then all of them will have seen it.

Then it (that ram) will be slaughtered and the

caller will say, 'O people of Paradise! Eternity for

you and no death O people of Hell! Eternity for
you and no death."' Then the Prophet, recited:--
'And warn them of the Day of distress when the
case has been decided, while (now) they are in a
state of carelessness (i.e. the people of the
world) and they do not believe.' (19.39)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 255:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said to Gabriel, "What prevents you
from visiting us more often than you visit us
now?" So there was revealed:--
'And we (angels) descend not but by the
command of your Lord. To Him belongs what is
before us and what is behind us...'(19.64)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 256:
Narrated Khabbab:
I came to Al-'Asi bin Wail As-Sahmi and
demanded something which he owed me. He
said, "I will not give you (your money) till you
disbelieve in Muhammad." I said, "No, I shall not
disbelieve in Muhammad till you die and then be
resurrected." He said, "Will I die and then be

resurrected?" I said, 'Yes'. He said', "Then I will

have wealth and children there, and I will pay
you (there)." So this Verse was revealed:--
'Have you then seen him who disbelieved in Our
Signs and (yet) says: I shall certainly be given
wealth and children? (19.77)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 257:
Narrated Khabbab:
I was a blacksmith in Mecca Once I made a
sword for Al-'Asi bin Wail As-Sahmi. When I

went to demand its price, he said, "I will not give

it to you till you disbelieve in Muhammad." I said,

"I shall not disbelieve in Muhammad till Allah
make you die and then bring you to life again."
He said, "If Allah should make me die and then
resurrect me and I would have wealth and
children." So Allah revealed:--
'Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our
Signs, and (yet) says I shall certainly be given
wealth and children? Has he known the unseen
or has he taken a covenant from (Allah) the
Beneficent?' (19.77-78)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 258:
Narrated Masruq:
Khabbab said, "During the pre-lslamic period, I
was a blacksmith and Al-Asi bin Wail owed me
a debt." So Khabbab went to him to demand the

debt. He said, "I will not give you (your due) till

you disbelieve in Muhammad." Khabbab said,

"By Allah, I shall not disbelieve in Muhammad till

Allah makes you die and then resurrects you."
Al-Asi said, "So leave me till I die and then be
resurrected, for I will be given wealth and
children whereupon I will pay you your debt." So
this Verse was revealed:--
'Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our Signs

and, (yet) says: I shall certainly be given wealth

and children.' (19.77)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 259:
Narrated Khabbab:
I was a blacksmith and Al-Asi Bin Wail owed
me a debt, so I went to him to demand it. He

said to me. "I will not pay you your debt till you

disbelieve in Muhammad." I said, "I will not
disbelieve in Muhammad till you die and then be

resurrected." He said, "Will I be resurrected after

my death? If so, I shall pay you (there) if I should

find wealth and children." So there was
revealed:--
'Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our
Signs, and yet says: I shall certainly be given
wealth and children? Has he, known to the
unseen or has he taken a covenant from (Allah)
the Beneficent? Nay ! We shall record what he
says, and we shall add and add to his
punishment. And We shall inherit from him all
that he talks of, and he shall appear before Us
alone.' (19.77-80)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 260:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Adam and Moses met, and
Moses said to Adam "You are the one who
made people miserable and turned them out of
Paradise." Adam said to him, "You are the one
whom Allah selected for His message and whom
He selected for Himself and upon whom He
revealed the Torah." Moses said, 'Yes.' Adam

said, "Did you find that written in my fate before

my creation?' Moses said, 'Yes.' So Adam
overcame Moses with this argument."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 261:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When Allah's Apostle arrived at Medina, he
found the Jews observing the fast on the day of
'Ashura' (10th of Muharram). The Prophet asked

them (about it) and they replied, "This is the day

when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh."
The Prophet said (to the Muslims), "We are
nearer to Moses than they, so fast on this day."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 262:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Moses argued with Adam
and said to him (Adam), 'You are the one who
got the people out of Paradise by your sin, and
thus made them miserable." Adam replied, 'O
Moses! You are the one whom Allah selected
for His Message and for His direct talk. Yet you
blame me for a thing which Allah had ordained
for me before He created me?." Allah's Apostle
further said, "So Adam overcame Moses by this
Argument."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 263:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Suras of Bani Israel, Al-Kahf, Mariyam,
Taha and Al-Anbiya are from the very old Suras
which I learnt by heart, and they are my first
property.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 264:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet delivered a sermon and said, "You
(people) will be gathered before Allah (on the
Day of Resurrection) bare-footed, naked and
uncircumcised." (The Prophet then recited):-- 'As

We began the first creation We shall repeat it. (It

is) a promise We have undertaken and truly We

shall do it.' and added, "The first man who will be

dressed on the Day of Resurrection, will be
Abraham. Lo! Some men from my followers will
be brought and taken towards the left side,
whereupon I will say, 'O Lord, (these are) my
companions!' It will be said, 'You do not know
what new things they introduced (into the

religion) after you.' I will then say as the righteous

pious slave, Jesus, said, 'I was a witness over
them while I dwelt among them...(to His
Statement)..and You are the Witness to all
things.' (5.117) Then it will be said, '(O
Muhammad) These people never stopped to
apostate since you left them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 265:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, "On the day of Resurrection
Allah will say, 'O Adam!' Adam will reply,
'Labbaik our Lord, and Sa'daik ' Then there will
be a loud call (saying), Allah orders you to take
from among your offspring a mission for the
(Hell) Fire.' Adam will say, 'O Lord! Who are
the mission for the (Hell) Fire?' Allah will say,
'Out of each thousand, take out 999.' At that
time every pregnant female shall drop her load
(have a miscarriage) and a child will have grey
hair. And you shall see mankind as in a drunken
state, yet not drunk, but severe will be the
torment of Allah." (22.2) (When the Prophet
mentioned this), the people were so distressed
(and afraid) that their faces got changed (in
color) whereupon the Prophet said, "From Gog
and Magog nine-hundred ninety-nine will be
taken out and one from you. You Muslims
(compared to the large number of other people)

will be like a black hair on the side of a white ox,

or a white hair on the side of a black ox, and I
hope that you will be one-fourth of the people of
Paradise." On that, we said, "Allahu-Akbar!"
Then he said, "I hope that you will be) one-third
of the people of Paradise." We again said,
"Allahu-Akbar!" Then he said, "(I hope that you
will be) one-half of the people of Paradise." So
we said, Allahu Akbar."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 266:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Regarding the Verse: "And among men is he who
worships Allah's as it were on the very edge."
(22.11).
A man used to come to Medina as if his wife
brought a son and his mares produces offspring.

He would say, "This religion (Islam) is good," but

if his wife did not give birth to a child and his
mares produced no offspring, he would say,
"This religion is bad."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 267:
Narrated Qais bin Ubad:
Abu Dharr used to take an oath confirming that
the Verse:
'These two opponents (believers, and
disbelievers) dispute with each other about their
Lord.' (22.19) was Revealed in connection with
Hamza and his two companions and 'Utbah and
his two companions on the day when they ease
out of the battle of Badr.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 268:
Narrated Qais bin Ubad: 'Ali said, "I will be the
first to kneel before the Beneficent on the
'These two opponents (believers and disbelievers
dispute with each other about their Lord,'
(22.19) was revealed in connection with those
who came out for the Battle of Badr, i.e. 'Ali,
Hamza, 'Ubaida, Shaiba bin Rabi'a, 'Utba bin
Rabi'a and Al-Walid bin Utba.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 269:
Narrated Sahl bin Saud:
'Uwaimir came to 'Asim bin 'Adi who was the
chief of Bani Ajlan and said, "What do you say
about a man who has found another man with his
wife? Should he kill him whereupon you would

kill him (i.e. the husband), or what should he do?

Please ask Allah's Apostle about this matter on
my behalf." Asim then went to the Prophet and
said, "O Allah's Apostle! (And asked him that
question) but Allah's Apostle disliked the
question," When 'Uwaimir asked 'Asim (about
the Prophet's answer) 'Asim replied that Allah's
Apostle disliked such questions and considered it
shameful. "Uwaimir then said, "By Allah, I will
not give up asking unless I ask Allah's Apostle
about it." Uwaimir came (to the Prophet ) and
said, "O Allah's Apostle! A man has found
another man with his wife! Should he kill him
whereupon you would kill him (the husband, in
Qisas) or what should he do?" Allah's Apostle
said, "Allah has revealed regarding you and your
wife's case in the Qur'an "So Allah's Apostle
ordered them to perform the measures of
Mula'ana according to what Allah had mentioned
in His Book. So 'Uwaimir did Mula'ana with her
and said, "O Allah's Apostle! If I kept her I
would oppress her." So 'Uwaimir divorced her
and so divorce became a tradition after them for
those who happened to be involved in a case of
Mula'ana. Allah's Apostle then said, "Look! If
she (Uwaimir's wife) delivers a black child with

deep black large eyes, big hips and fat legs, then

I will be of the opinion that 'Uwaimir has spoken

the truth; but if she delivers a red child looking

like a Wahra then we will consider that 'Uwaimir

has told a lie against her." Later on she delivered

a child carrying the qualities which Allah's
Apostle had mentioned as a proof for 'Uwaimir's
claim; therefore the child was ascribed to its
mother henceforth.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 270:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
A man came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O
Allah's Apostle! Suppose a man saw another
man with his wife, should he kill him whereupon

you might kill him (i.e. the killer) (in Qisas) or

what should he do?" So Allah revealed
concerning their case what is mentioned of the
order of Mula'ana. Allah's Apostle said to the
man, "The matter between you and your wife has
been decided." So they did Mula'ana in the
presence of Allah's Apostle and I was present
there, and then the man divorced his wife. So it
became a tradition to dissolve the marriage of
those spouses who were involved in a case of
Mula'ana. The woman was pregnant and the
husband denied that he was the cause of her
pregnancy, so the son was (later) ascribed to
her. Then it became a tradition that such a son
would be the heir of his mother, and she would
inherit of him what Allah prescribed for her.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 271:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Hilal bin Umaiya accused his wife of committing
illegal sexual intercourse with Sharik bin Sahma'
and filed the case before the Prophet. The

Prophet said (to Hilal), "Either you bring forth a

proof (four witnesses) or you will receive the
legal punishment (lashes) on your back." Hilal
said, "O Allah's Apostle! If anyone of us saw a
man over his wife, would he go to seek after
witnesses?" The Prophet kept on saying, "Either
you bring forth the witnesses or you will receive

the legal punishment (lashes) on your back." Hilal

then said, "By Him Who sent you with the Truth,

I am telling the truth and Allah will reveal to you

what will save my back from legal punishment."
Then Gabriel came down and revealed to him:--
'As for those who accuse their wives...' (24.6-9)
The Prophet recited it till he reached: '... (her

accuser) is telling the truth.' Then the Prophet left

and sent for the woman, and Hilal went (and
brought) her and then took the oaths (confirming
the claim). The Prophet was saying, "Allah

knows that one of you is a liar, so will any of you

repent?" Then the woman got up and took the
oaths and when she was going to take the fifth
one, the people stopped her and said, "It (the

fifth oath) will definitely bring Allah's curse on

you (if you are guilty)." So she hesitated and
recoiled (from taking the oath) so much that we
thought that she would withdraw her denial. But
then she said, "I will not dishonor my family all
through these days," and carried on (the process
of taking oaths). The Prophet then said, "Watch
her; if she delivers a black-eyed child with big
hips and fat shins then it is Sharik bin Sahma's
child." Later she delivered a child of that

description. So the Prophet said, "If the case was

not settled by Allah's Law, I would punish her
severely."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 272:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
A man accused his wife of illegal sexual
intercourse and denied his paternity to her
(conceived) child during the lifetime of Allah's
Apostle. Allah's Apostle ordered them both to
do Mula'ana as Allah decreed and then gave his
decision that the child would be for the mother,
and a divorce decree was issued for the couple
involved in a case of Mula'ana.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 273:
Narrated 'Aisha:
And as for him among them who had the greater
share..' (24.11) was Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 274:
Narrated Aisha:
(The wife of the Prophet) Whenever Allah's
Apostle intended to go on a journey, he used to
draw lots among his wives and would take with
him the one on whom the lot had fallen. Once he
drew lots when he wanted to carry out a
Ghazwa, and the lot came upon me. So I
proceeded with Allah's Apostle after Allah's
order of veiling (the women) had been revealed
and thus I was carried in my howdah (on a
camel) and dismounted while still in it. We
carried on our journey, and when Allah's Apostle
had finished his Ghazwa and returned and we
approached Medina, Allah's Apostle ordered to
proceed at night. When the army was ordered to
resume the homeward journey, I got up and
walked on till I left the army (camp) behind.
When I had answered the call of nature, I went
towards my howdah, but behold ! A necklace of
mine made of Jaz Azfar (a kind of black bead)
was broken and I looked for it and my search for
it detained me. The group of people who used to
carry me, came and carried my howdah on to the
back of my camel on which I was riding,
considering that I was therein. At that time
women were light in weight and were not fleshy

for they used to eat little (food), so those people

did not feel the lightness of the howdah while
raising it up, and I was still a young lady. They
drove away the camel and proceeded. Then I
found my necklace after the army had gone. I
came to their camp but found nobody therein so

I went to the place where I used to stay, thinking

that they would miss me and come back in my
search. While I was sitting at my place, I felt
sleepy and slept. Safwan bin Al-Mu'attil
As-Sulami Adh-Dhakw-ani was behind the

army. He had started in the last part of the night

and reached my stationing place in the morning
and saw the figure of a sleeping person. He came
to me and recognized me on seeing me for he
used to see me before veiling. I got up because

of his saying: "Inna Lillahi wa inna ilaihi rajiun,"

which he uttered on recognizing me. I covered
my face with my garment, and by Allah, he did
not say to me a single word except, "Inna Lillahi

wa inna ilaihi rajiun," till he made his she-camel

kneel down whereupon he trod on its forelegs
and I mounted it. Then Safwan set out, leading
the she-camel that was carrying me, till we met
the army while they were resting during the hot
midday. Then whoever was meant for

destruction, fell in destruction, and the leader of

the Ifk (forged statement) was 'Abdullah bin
Ubai bin Salul. After this we arrived at Medina
and I became ill for one month while the people
were spreading the forged statements of the
people of the Ifk, and I was not aware of
anything thereof. But what aroused my doubt
while I was sick, was that I was no longer
receiving from Allah's Apostle the same kindness
as I used to receive when I fell sick. Allah's
Apostle would enter upon me, say a greeting and
add, "How is that (lady)?" and then depart.
That aroused my suspicion but I was not aware
of the propagated evil till I recovered from my
ailment. I went out with Um Mistah to answer the
call of nature towards Al-Manasi, the place
where we used to relieve ourselves, and used not
to go out for this purpose except from night to
night, and that was before we had lavatories
close to our houses. And this habit of ours was
similar to the habit of the old 'Arabs (in the

deserts or in the tents) concerning the evacuation

of the bowels, for we considered it troublesome

and harmful to take lavatories in the houses. So I

went out with Um Mistah who was the daughter
of Abi Ruhm bin Abd Manaf, and her mother
was daughter of Sakhr bin Amir who was the
aunt of Abi Bakr As-Siddiq, and her son was
Mistah bin Uthatha. When we had finished our
affair, Um Mistah and I came back towards my
house. Um Mistah stumbled over her robe
whereupon she said, "Let Mistah be ruined ! " I
said to her, "What a bad word you have said!
Do you abuse a man who has taken part in the
Battle of Badr?' She said, "O you there! Didn't
you hear what he has said?" I said, "And what
did he say?" She then told me the statement of
the people of the Ifk (forged statement) which
added to my ailment. When I returned home,
Allah's Apostle came to me, and after greeting,
he said, "How is that (lady)?" I said, "Will you
allow me to go to my parents?" At that time I
intended to be sure of the news through them.
Allah's Apostle allowed me and I went to my
parents and asked my mother, "O my mother!
What are the people talking about?" My mother
said, "O my daughter! Take it easy, for by Allah,
there is no charming lady who is loved by her
husband who has other wives as well, but that
those wives would find fault with her." I said,
"Subhan Allah! Did the people really talk about
that?"
That night I kept on weeping the whole night till
the morning. My tears never stopped, nor did I
sleep, and morning broke while I was still

weeping, Allah's Apostle called 'Ali bin Abi Talib

and Usama bin Zaid when the Divine Inspiration
delayed, in order to consult them as to the idea

of divorcing his wife. Usama bin Zaid told Allah's

Apostle of what he knew about the innocence of
his wife and of his affection he kept for her. He
said, "O Allah's Apostle! She is your wife, and
we do not know anything about her except
good." But 'Ali bin Abi Talib said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Allah does not impose restrictions on
you; and there are plenty of women other than

her. If you however, ask (her) slave girl, she will

tell you the truth." 'Aisha added: So Allah's
Apostle called for Barira and said, "O Barira!
Did you ever see anything which might have
aroused your suspicion? (as regards Aisha).
Barira said, "By Allah Who has sent you with the
truth, I have never seen anything regarding Aisha
which I would blame her for except that she is a
girl of immature age who sometimes sleeps and
leaves the dough of her family unprotected so
that the domestic goats come and eat it." So
Allah's Apostle got up (and addressed) the
people an asked for somebody who would take
revenge on 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul then.
Allah's Apostle, while on the pulpit, said, "O
Muslims! Who will help me against a man who
has hurt me by slandering my family? By Allah, I
know nothing except good about my family, and
people have blamed a man of whom I know
nothing except good, and he never used to visit
my family except with me," Sad bin Muadh
Al-Ansari got up and said, "O Allah's Apostle!
By Allah, I will relieve you from him. If he be
from the tribe of (Bani) Al-Aus, then I will chop
his head off; and if he be from our brethren, the
Khazraj, then you give us your order and we will
obey it." On that, Sad bin 'Ubada got up, and he
was the chief of the Khazraj, and before this
incident he had been a pious man but he was
incited by his zeal for his tribe. He said to Sad
(bin Muadh), "By Allah the Eternal, you have
told a lie! You shall not kill him and you will
never be able to kill him!" On that, Usaid bin
Hudair, the cousin of Sad (bin Muadh) got up
and said to Sad bin 'Ubada, "You are a liar! By

Allah the Eternal, we will surely kill him; and you

are a hypocrite defending the hypocrites!" So the
two tribes of Al-Aus and Al-Khazraj got excited
till they were on the point of fighting with each
other while Allah's Apostle was standing on the
pulpit. Allah's Apostle continued quietening them
till they became silent whereupon he became
silent too. On that day I kept on weeping so
much that neither did my tears stop, nor could I
sleep. In the morning my parents were with me,
and I had wept for two nights and a day without

sleeping and with incessant tears till they thought

that my liver would burst with weeping. While
they were with me and I was weeping, an Ansari
woman asked permission to see me. I admitted
her and she sat and started weeping with me.

While I was in that state, Allah's Apostle came to

us, greeted, and sat down,. He had never sat
with me since the day what was said, was said.
He had stayed a month without receiving any
Divine Inspiration concerning my case. Allah's
Apostle recited the Tashahhud after he had sat
down, and then said, "Thereafter, O 'Aisha! I
have been informed such and-such a thing about
you; and if you are innocent, Allah will reveal
your innocence, and if you have committed a sin,
then ask for Allah's forgiveness and repent to
Him, for when a slave confesses his sin and then
repents to Allah, Allah accepts his repentance."
When Allah's Apostle had finished his speech,
my tears ceased completely so that I no longer

felt even a drop thereof. Then I said to my father,

"Reply to Allah's Apostle on my behalf as to
what he said." He said, "By Allah, I do not know
what to say to Allah's Apostle." Then I said to
my mother, "Reply to Allah's Apostle."
She said, "I do not know what to say to Allah's

Apostle." Still a young girl as I was and though I

had little knowledge of Quran, I said, "By Allah,
I know that you heard this story (of the Ifk) so
much so that it has been planted in your minds
and you have believed it. So now, if I tell you
that I am innocent, and Allah knows that I am

innocent, you will not believe me; and if I confess

something, and Allah knows that I am innocent of

it, you will believe me. By Allah, I cannot find of

you an example except that of Joseph's father:

"So (for me) patience is most fitting against that

which you assert and it is Allah (Alone) Whose
help can be sought. Then I turned away and lay
on my bed, and at that time I knew that I was
innocent and that Allah would reveal my
innocence. But by Allah, I never thought that
Allah would sent down about my affair, Divine
Inspiration that would be recited (forever), as I
considered myself too unworthy to be talked of
by Allah with something that was to be recited:
but I hoped that Allah's Apostle might have a
vision in which Allah would prove my innocence.

By Allah, Allah's Apostle had not left his seat and

nobody had left the house when the Divine
Inspiration came to Allah's Apostle . So there
overtook him the same hard condition which
used to overtake him (when he was Divinely
Inspired) so that the drops of his sweat were
running down, like pearls, though it was a (cold)
winter day, and that was because of the
heaviness of the Statement which was revealed
to him. When that state of Allah's Apostle was
over, and he was smiling when he was relieved,
the first word he said was, "Aisha, Allah has
declared your innocence." My mother said to
me, "Get up and go to him." I said, "By Allah, I
will not go to him and I will not thank anybody
but Allah." So Allah revealed: "Verily! They who
spread the Slander are a gang among you. Think
it not...." (24.11-20).
When Allah revealed this to confirm my
innocence, Abu Bakr As-Siddiq who used to
provide for Mistah bin Uthatha because of the

latter's kinship to him and his poverty, said, "By

Allah, I will never provide for Mistah anything
after what he has said about Aisha". So Allah
revealed:
"Let not those among you who are good and are

wealthy swear not to give (help) to their kinsmen,

those in need, and those who have left their
homes for Allah's Cause. Let them Pardon and

forgive (i.e. do not punish them). Do you not love

that should forgive you? Verily Allah is
Oft-forgiving. Most Merciful." (24.22)
Abu Bakr said, "Yes, by Allah, I wish that Allah
should forgive me." So he resumed giving Mistah
the aid he used to give him before and said, "By
Allah, I will never withold it from him at all."
Aisha further said: Allah's Apostle also asked
Zainab bint Jahsh about my case. He said, "O
Zainab! What have you seen?" She replied, "O
Allah's Apostle! I protect my hearing and my
sight (by refraining from telling lies). I know
nothing but good (about Aisha)." Of all the wives
of Allah's Apostle, it was Zainab who aspired to
receive from him the same favor as I used to
receive, yet, Allah saved her (from telling lies)
because of her piety. But her sister, Hamna, kept
on fighting on her behalf so she was destroyed as
were those who invented and spread the slander.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 275:
Narrated Um Ruman:
Aisha's mother, When 'Aisha was accused, she
fell down Unconscious.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 276:
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika:
I heard 'Aisha reciting: "When you invented a lie
(and carry it) on your tongues." (24.15)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 277:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
Ibn 'Abbas asked permission to visit Aisha
before her death, and at that time she was in a

state of agony. She then said. "I am afraid that he

will praise me too much." And then it was said to
her, "He is the cousin of Allah's Apostle and one
of the prominent Muslims." Then she said, "Allow
him to enter." (When he entered) he said, "How
are you?" She replied, "I am Alright if I fear
(Allah)." Ibn Abbas said, "Allah willing, you are

Alright as you are the wife of Allah's Apostle and

he did not marry any virgin except you and proof
of your innocence was revealed from the
Heaven." Later on Ibn Az-Zubair entered after
him and 'Aisha said to him, "Ibn 'Abbas came to
me and praised me greatly, but I wish that I was
a thing forgotten and out of sight."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 278:
Narrated Al-Qasim:
Ibn 'Abbas asked 'Aisha's permission to enter.
Al-Qasim then narrated the whole Hadith (as in
277) but did not mention: "Would that I had been
forgotten and out of sight."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 279:
Narrated Masruq:
'Aisha said that Hassan bin Thabit came and
asked permission to visit her. I said, "How do
you permit such a person?" She said, "Hasn't he
received a severely penalty?" (Sufyan, the

subnarrator, said: She meant the loss of his sight.)

Thereupon Hassan said the following poetic
verse:
"A chaste pious woman who arouses no
suspicion. She never talks about chaste heedless
women behind their backs.' On that she said,
"But you are not so."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 280:
Narrated Masruq:
Hassan came to Aisha and said the following
poetic Verse: 'A chaste pious woman who
arouses no suspicion. She never talks against
chaste heedless women behind their backs.'

'Aisha said, "But you are not," I said (to 'Aisha),

"Why do you allow such a person to enter upon
you after Allah has revealed:
"...and as for him among them who had the
greater share therein'?" (24.11)
She said, "What punishment is worse than
blindness?" She added, "And he used to defend

Allah's Apostle against the pagans (in his poetry).

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 281:
Narrated Aisha:
When there was said about me what was said
which I myself was unaware of, Allah's Apostle
got up and addressed the people. He recited
Tashah-hud, and after glorifying and praising
Allah as He deserved, he said, "To proceed: O
people Give me your opinion regarding those
people who made a forged story against my wife.
By Allah, I do not know anything bad about her.
By Allah, they accused her of being with a man
about whom I have never known anything bad,
and he never entered my house unless I was
present there, and whenever I went on a journey,
he went with me." Sad bin Mu'adh got up and
said, "O Allah's Apostle Allow me to chop their
heads off" Then a man from the Al-Khazraj (Sa'd
bin 'Ubada) to whom the mother of (the poet)
Hassan bin Thabit was a relative, got up and said
(to Sad bin Mu'adh), "You have told a lie! By
Allah, if those persons were from the Aus Tribe,
you would not like to chop their heads off." It
was probable that some evil would take place
between the Aus and the Khazraj in the mosque,
and I was unaware of all that. In the evening of

that day, I went out for some of my needs (i.e. to

relieve myself), and Um Mistah was
accompanying me. On our return, Um Mistah
stumbled and said, "Let Mistah. be ruined" I said
to her, "O mother Why do you abuse your Son"
On that Um Mistah became silent for a while,
and stumbling again, she said, "Let Mistah be
ruined" I said to her, "Why do you abuse your
son?" She stumbled for the third time and said,
"Let Mistah be ruined" whereupon I rebuked her
for that. She said, "By Allah, I do not abuse him
except because of you." I asked her,
"Concerning what of my affairs?" So she

disclosed the whole story to me. I said, "Has this

really happened?" She replied, "Yes, by Allah." I
returned to my house, astonished (and
distressed) that I did not know for what purpose
I had gone out. Then I became sick (fever) and
said to Allah's Apostle "Send me to my father's
house." So he sent a slave with me, and when I
entered the house, I found Um Rum-an (my
mother) downstairs while (my father) Abu Bakr
was reciting something upstairs. My mother
asked, "What has brought you, O (my)
daughter?" I informed her and mentioned to her

the whole story, but she did not feel it as I did.

She said, "O my daughter! Take it easy, for there
is never a charming lady loved by her husband
who has other wives but that they feel jealous of
her and speak badly of her." But she did not feel
the news as I did. I asked (her), "Does my father
know about it?" She said, "yes" I asked, Does
Allah's Apostle know about it too?" She said,
"Yes, Allah's Apostle does too." So the tears
filled my eyes and I wept. Abu Bakr, who was
reading upstairs heard my voice and came down
and asked my mother, "What is the matter with
her? " She said, "She has heard what has been
said about her (as regards the story of Al-lfk)."
On that Abu- Bakr wept and said, "I beseech
you by Allah, O my daughter, to go back to your
home" I went back to my home and Allah's
Apostle had come to my house and asked my
maid-servant about me (my character). The
maid-servant said, "By Allah, I do not know of

any defect in her character except that she sleeps

and let the sheep enter (her house) and eat her
dough." On that, some of the Prophet's
companions spoke harshly to her and said, "Tell

the truth to Allah's Apostle." Finally they told her

of the affair (of the slander). She said, "Subhan
Allah! By Allah, I know nothing against her
except what goldsmith knows about a piece of
pure gold." Then this news reached the man who
was accused, and he said, "Subhan Allah! By
Allah, I have never uncovered the private parts
of any woman." Later that man was martyred in
Allah's Cause. Next morning my parents came to

pay me a visit and they stayed with me till Allah's

Apostle came to me after he had offered the Asr
prayer. He came to me while my parents were
sitting around me on my right and my left. He
praised and glorified Allah and said, "Now then
O 'Aisha! If you have committed a bad deed or
you have wronged (yourself), then repent to
Allah as Allah accepts the repentance from his
slaves." An Al-Ansari woman had come and was

sitting near the gate. I said (to the Prophet). "Isn't

it improper that you speak in such a way in the
presence of this lady? Allah's Apostle then gave
a piece of advice and I turned to my father and
requested him to answer him (on my behalf). My
father said, "What should I say?" Then I turned
to my mother and asked her to answer him. She
said, "What should I say?" When my parents did

not give a reply to the Prophet, I said, "I testify

that none has the right to be worshipped except
Allah, and that Muhammad is His Apostle!" And

after praising and glorifying Allah as He deserves,

I said, "Now then, by Allah, if I were to tell you

that I have not done (this evil action) and Allah is

a witness that I am telling the truth, that would
not be of any use to me on your part because
you (people) have spoken about it and your

hearts have absorbed it; and if I were to tell you

that I have done this sin and Allah knows that I
have not done it, then you will say, 'She has

confessed herself guilty." By Allah, 'I do not see

a suitable example for me and you but the
example of (I tried to remember Jacob's name
but couldn't) Joseph's father when he said; So
(for me) "Patience is most fitting against that
which you assert. It is Allah (alone) whose help
can be sought.' At that very hour the Divine
Inspiration came to Allah's Apostle and we
remained silent. Then the Inspiration was over
and I noticed the signs of happiness on his face
while he was removing (the sweat) from his
forehead and saying, "Have the good tidings O '
"Aisha! Allah has revealed your innocence." At
that time I was extremely angry. My parents said
to me. "Get up and go to him." I said, "By Allah,
I will not do it and will not thank him nor thank
either of you, but I will thank Allah Who has
revealed my innocence. You have heard this

story but neither did not deny it nor change it (to

defend me)," (Aisha used to say:) "But as regards
Zainab bint Jahsh, (the Prophet's wife), Allah
protected her because of her piety, so she did
not say anything except good (about me), but her
sister, Hamna, was ruined among those who
were ruined. Those who used to speak evil about
me were Mistah, Hassan bin Thabit, and the
hypocrite, Abdullah bin Ubai, who used to
spread that news and tempt others to speak of it,
and it was he and Hamna who had the greater
share therein. Abu Bakr took an oath that he
would never do any favor to Mistah at all. Then
Allah revealed the Divine Verse:--
"Let not those among you who are good and
wealthy (i.e. Abu Bakr) swear not to give (any

sort of help) to their kinsmen, and those in need,

(i.e. Mistah) ...Do you not love that Allah should

forgive you? And Allah if Oft-Forgiving, Most
Merciful." (24.22)
On that, Abu Bakr said, "Yes, by Allah, O our
Lord! We wish that You should forgive us." So
Abu Bakr again started giving to Mistah the
expenditure which he used to give him before.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 282:
Narrated Safiya bint Shaiba:
'Aisha used to say: "When (the Verse): "They
should draw their veils over their necks and
bosoms," was revealed, (the ladies) cut their
waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces
with the cut pieces."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 283:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
A man said, "O Allah's Prophet! Will Allah
gather the non-believers on their faces on the
Day of Resurrection?" He said, "Will not the One
Who made him walk on his feet in this world, be
able to make him walk on his face on the Day of
Resurrection?" (Qatada, a subnarrator, said:
Yes, By the Power of Our Lord!)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 284:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
I or somebody, asked Allah's Apostle "Which is
the biggest sin in the Sight of Allah?" He said,
"That you set up a rival (in worship) to Allah
though He Alone created you." I asked, "What is
next?" He said, "Then, that you kill your son,
being afraid that he may share your meals with
you." I asked, "What is next?" He said, "That you

commit illegal sexual intercourse with the wife of

your neighbor." Then the following Verse was
revealed to confirm the statement of Allah's
Apostle:
"Those who invoke not with Allah, any other

god, nor kill life as Allah has forbidden except for

just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse."

(25.68)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 285:
Narrated Al-Qasim bin Abi Bazza:
That he asked Said bin Jubair, "Is there any
repentance of the one who has murdered a
believer intentionally?" Then I recited to him:--
"Nor kill such life as Allah has forbidden except

for a just cause." Said said, "I recited this very

Verse before Ibn 'Abbas as you have recited it
before me. Ibn 'Abbas said, 'This Verse was
revealed in Mecca and it has been abrogated by
a Verse in Surat-An-Nisa which was later
revealed in Medina."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 286:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:

The people of Kufa differed as regards the killing

of a believer so I entered upon Ibn 'Abbas (and
asked him) about that. Ibn 'Abbas said, "The
Verse (in Surat-An-Nisa', 4:93) was the last
thing revealed in this respect and nothing
cancelled its validity."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 287:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I asked Ibn 'Abbas about Allah's saying:--

'.. this reward is Hell Fire.' (4.93) He said, "No

repentance is accepted from him (i.e. the
murderer of a believer)." I asked him regarding
the saying of Allah:
'Those who invoke not with Allah any other god.'
...(25.68)
He said, "This Verse was revealed concerning
the pagans of the pre-lslamic period."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 288:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn Abza said to me, "Ask Ibn 'Abbas regarding
the Statement of Allah:
'And whoever murders a believer intentionally,
his recompense is Hell.' (4.69)
And also His Statement: '...nor kill such life as
Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause
.....except those who repent, believe, and do
good deeds.' " (25.68-70) So I asked Ibn
'Abbas and he said, "When this (25.68-69) was
revealed, the people of Mecca said, "We have
invoked other gods with Allah, and we have
murdered such lives which Allah has made
sacred, and we have committed illegal sexual
intercourse. So Allah revealed:
'Except those who repent, believe, and do good
deeds and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most
Merciful.' (25.70)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 289:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Abdur-Rahman bin Abza ordered me to ask Ibn
'Abbas regarding the two Verses (the first of
which was ):
"And whosoever murders a believer

intentionally." (4.93) So I asked him, and he said,

"Nothing has abrogated this Verse." About (the
other Verse): 'And those who invoke not with
Allah any other god.' he said, "It was revealed
concerning the pagans,'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 290:
Narrated Abdullah:
Five (great events) have passed: the Smoke, the
Moon, the Romans, the Mighty grasp and the
constant Punishment which occurs in 'So the
torment will be yours forever.' (25.77)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 291:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection
Abraham will see his father covered with Qatara
and Ghabara. (i.e. having a dark face)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 292:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, Abraham will meet his father
(on the Day of Resurrection) and will say, 'O my
Lords You promised me that You would not let
me in disgrace on the Day when people will be
resurrected.' Allah will say, 'I have forbidden
Paradise to the non-believers."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 293:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When the Verse:--'And warn your tribe of
near-kindred, was revealed, the Prophet
ascended the Safa (mountain) and started calling,
"O Bani Fihr! O Bani 'Adi!" addressing various
tribes of Quraish till they were assembled. Those
who could not come themselves, sent their
messengers to see what was there. Abu Lahab
and other people from Quraish came and the
Prophet then said, "Suppose I told you that there
is an (enemy) cavalry in the valley intending to
attack you, would you believe me?" They said,
"Yes, for we have not found you telling anything
other than the truth." He then said, "I am a
warner to you in face of a terrific punishment."
Abu Lahab said (to the Prophet) "May your

hands perish all this day. Is it for this purpose you

have gathered us?" Then it was revealed: "Perish
the hands of Abu Lahab (one of the Prophet's
uncles), and perish he! His wealth and his
children will not profit him...." (111.1-5)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 294:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle got up when the Verse:--'And
warn your tribe of near kindred...." (26.214) was
revealed and said, "O Quraish people! (or he
said a similar word) Buy yourselves! I cannot
save you from Allah (if you disobey Him) O Bani
Abu Manaf! I cannot save you from Allah (if you
disobey Him). O 'Abbas! The son of 'Abdul
Muttalib! I cannot save you from Allah (if you
disobey Him) O Safiya, (the aunt of Allah's
Apostle) I cannot save you from Allah (if you
disobey Him). O Fatima, the daughter of
Muhammad ! Ask what you wish from my
property, but I cannot save you from Allah (if
you disobey Him)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 295:
Narrated Al-Musaiyab:
When Abu Talib was on his death bed, Allah's
Apostle came to him and found with him, Abu
Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya bin
Al-Mughira. Allah's Apostle said, "O uncle! Say:
None has the right to be worshipped except
Allah, a sentence with which I will defend you
before Allah." On that Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah
bin Abi Umaiya said to Abu Talib, "Will you now
leave the religion of 'Abdul Muttalib?" Allah's
Apostle kept on inviting him to say that sentence
while the other two kept on repeating their

sentence before him till Abu Talib said as the last

thing he said to them, "I am on the religion of
'Abdul Muttalib," and refused to say: None has
the right to be worshipped except Allah. On that
Allah's Apostle said, "By Allah, I will keep on
asking Allah's forgiveness for you unless I am
forbidden (by Allah) to do so." So Allah
revealed:--
'It is not fitting for the Prophet and those who
believe that they should invoke (Allah) for
forgiveness for pagans.' (9.113) And then Allah
revealed especially about Abu Talib:--'Verily!
You (O, Muhammad) guide not whom you like,
but Allah guides whom He will.' (28.56)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 296:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
'...will bring you home' means to Mecca.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 297:
Narrated Masruq:
While a man was delivering a speech in the tribe
of Kinda, he said, "Smoke will prevail on the
Day of Resurrection and will deprive the
hypocrites their faculties of hearing and seeing.

The believers will be afflicted with something like

cold only thereof." That news scared us, so I
went to (Abdullah) Ibn Mas'ud while he was
reclining (and told him the story) whereupon he
became angry, sat up and said, "He who knows
a thing can say, it, but if he does not know, he

should say, 'Allah knows best,' for it is an aspect

of knowledge to say, 'I do not know,' if you do
not know a certain thing. Allah said to His
prophet. 'Say (O Muhammad): No wage do I
ask of you for this (Qur'an), nor I am one of the
pretenders (a person who pretends things which
do not exist.)' (38.86)
The Qur'aish delayed in embracing Islam for a
period, so the Prophet invoked evil on them,
saying, 'O Allah! Help me against them by
sending seven years of (famine) like those of
Joseph.' So they were afflicted with such a
severe year of famine that they were destroyed
therein and ate dead animals and bones. They
started seeing something like smoke between the
sky and the earth (because of severe hunger).
Abu Sufyan then came (to the Prophet) and said,
"O Muhammad! You came to order us for to
keep good relations with Kith and kin, and your
kinsmen have now perished, so please invoke
Allah (to relieve them).' Then Ibn Mas'ud
recited:-- 'Then watch you for the day that the
sky will bring forth a kind of smoke plainly

visible....but truly you will return! (to disbelief)

(44.10-15)
Ibn Mas'ud added, Then the punishment was
stopped, but truly, they reverted to heathenism
(their old way). So Allah (threatened them thus):
'On the day when we shall seize you with a
mighty grasp.' (44.16) And that was the day of
the Battle of Badr. Allah's saying- "Lizama" (the
punishment) refers to the day of Badr Allah's
Statement:
'Alif-Lam-Mim, the Romans have been defeated,

and they, after their defeat, will be victorious,'

(30.1-3) (This verse): Indicates that the defeat of

Byzantine has already passed.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 298:
Narrated Abu- Huraira: Allah's Apostle said,
"No child is born except on Al-Fitra (Islam) and
then his parents make him Jewish, Christian or
Magian, as an animal produces a perfect young
animal: do you see any part of its body
amputated?" Then he rec

'The religion of pure Islamic Faith (Hanifa),(i.e. to

worship none but Allah), The pure Allah's Islamic
nature with which He (Allah) has created
mankind. Let There be no change in Allah's

religion (i.e. to join none in Allah's worship). That

is the straight religion; but most of men know
not..." (30.30)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 299:
Narrated Abdullah:
When there was revealed: 'It is those who

believe and confuse not their beliefs with wrong.'

(6.82) It was very hard for the companions of
Allah's Apostle, so they said, "Which of us has
not confused his belief with wrong?" Allah's
Apostle said, "The Verse does not mean this.
Don't you hear Luqman's statement to his son:

'Verily! Joining others in worship, with Allah is a

great wrong indeed.' (31.13)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 300:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
One day while Allah's Apostle was sitting with
the people, a man came to him walking and said,
"O Allah's Apostle. What is Belief?" The Prophet

said, "Belief is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His

Books, His Apostles, and the meeting with Him,
and to believe in the Resurrection." The man
asked, "O Allah's Apostle What is Islam?" The
Prophet replied, "Islam is to worship Allah and
not worship anything besides Him, to offer
prayers perfectly, to pay the (compulsory)
charity i.e. Zakat and to fast the month of
Ramadan." The man again asked, "O Allah's
Apostle What is Ihsan (i.e. perfection or
Benevolence)?" The Prophet said, "Ihsan is to
worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you do

not achieve this state of devotion, then (take it for

granted that) Allah sees you." The man further
asked, "O Allah's Apostle When will the Hour be
established?"
The Prophet replied, "The one who is asked
about it does not know more than the questioner
does, but I will describe to you its portents.
When the lady slave gives birth to her mistress,

that will be of its portents; when the bare-footed

naked people become the chiefs of the people,
that will be of its portents. The Hour is one of
five things which nobody knows except Allah.
Verily, the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah
(alone). He sends down the rain, and knows that
which is in the wombs." (31.34) Then the man
left. The Prophet said, "Call him back to me."
They went to call him back but could not see
him. The Prophet said, "That was Gabriel who
came to teach the people their religion." (See
Hadith No. 47 Vol 1)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 301:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
The Prophet said, "The keys of the Unseen are
five." And then he recited:
'Verily, the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah
(alone).' (31.34)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 302:
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said,
"Allah said, 'I have prepared for my pious
worshipers such things as no eye has ever seen,
no ear has ever heard of, and nobody has ever
thought of." Abu Huraira added: If you wish you
can read:-- 'No soul
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 303:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet, said, "Allah said, 'I have prepared
for My pious worshipers such things as no eye
has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and
nobody has ever thought of. All that is reserved,

besides which, all that you have seen, is nothing."

Then he recited:--
'No soul knows what is kept hidden (in reserve)
for them of joy as a reward for what they used to
do.' (32.17)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 304:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "There is no believer but I, of

all the people, I am the closest to him both in this

world and in the Hereafter. Recite if you wish:

'The Prophet is closer to the believers than their

own selves.' (33.6) so if a believer (dies) leaves

some property then his relatives will inherit that

property; but if he is in debt or he leaves poor
children, let those (creditors and children) come
to me (that I may pay the debt and provide for

the children), for them I am his sponsor (surely).

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 305:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
We used not to call Zaid bin Haritha the freed
slave of Allah's Apostle except Zaid bin
Muhammad till the Qu'anic Verse was revealed:
"Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their
fathers. That is more than just in the Sight of
Allah." (33.5)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 306:
Narrated Anas:
We think that the Verse: 'Among the Believers
are men who have been true to their covenant
with Allah.' was revealed in favor of Anas bin
An-Nadir.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 307:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
When we collected the fragramentary
manuscripts of the Qur'an into copies, I missed
one of the Verses of Surat al-Ahzab which I

used to hear Allah's Apostle reading. Finally I did

not find it with anybody except Khuzaima
Al-Ansari, whose witness was considered by
Allah's Apostle equal to the witness of two men.
(And that Verse was:)
'Among the believers are men who have been
true to their covenant with Allah.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 308:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle came to
me when Allah ordered him to give option to his
wives. So Allah's Apostle started with me,
saying, "I am going to mention to you something
but you should not hasten (to give your reply)
unless you consult your parents.' He knew that
my parents would not order me to leave him.
Then he said, "Allah says:--
"O Prophet! Say to your wives..." (33.28-29)
On that I said to him, "Then why should I consult
my parents? Verily, I seek Allah, His Apostle
and the Home of the Hereafter."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 309:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) when Allah's Apostle
was ordered to give option to his wives, he

started with me, saying, "I am going to mention to

you something, but you shall not hasten (to give
your reply) unless you consult your parents." The
Prophet knew that my parents would not order
me to leave him. Then he said, "Allah says: 'O
Prophet (Muhammad)! Say to your wives: If you

desire the life of this world and its glitter........a

great reward." (33.28-29) I said, "Then why I
consult my parents? Verily, I seek Allah, His
Apostle and the Home of the Hereafter." Then all
the other wives of the Prophet did the same as I
did.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 310:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Verse: 'But you did hide in your mind that
which Allah was about to make manifest.'
(33.37) was revealed concerning Zainab bint
Jahsh and Zaid bin Haritha.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 311:
Narrated Aisha:
I used to look down upon those ladies who had
given themselves to Allah's Apostle and I used to
say, "Can a lady give herself (to a man)?" But
when Allah revealed: "You (O Muhammad) can
postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them
(your wives), and you may receive any of them
whom you will; and there is no blame on you if
you invite one whose turn you have set aside

(temporarily).' (33.51) I said (to the Prophet), "I

feel that your Lord hastens in fulfilling your
wishes and desires."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 312:
Narrated Muadha:
'Aisha said, "Allah's Apostle used to take the
permission of that wife with whom he was
supposed to stay overnight if he wanted to go to
one other than her, after this Verse was
revealed:--
"You (O Muhammad) can postpone (the turn of)
whom you will of them (your wives) and you may
receive any (of them) whom you will; and there is
no blame on you if you invite one whose turn you
have set aside (temporarily). (33.51) I asked
Aisha, "What did you use to say (in this case)?"
She said, "I used to say to him, "If I could deny
you the permission (to go to your other wives) I
would not allow your favor to be bestowed on
any other person."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 313:
Narrated Umar: I said, "O Allah's Apostle!
Good and bad persons enter upon you, so I
suggest that you order the mothers of the
Believers (i.e. your wives) to observe veils."
Then Allah revealed the Verses of Al-Hijab.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 314:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
When Allah's Apostle married Zainab bint Jahsh,
he invited the people to a meal. They took the
meal and remained sitting and talking. Then the
Prophet (showed them) as if he is ready to get
up, yet they did not get up. When he noticed that
(there was no response to his movement), he got
up, and the others too, got up except three
persons who kept on sitting. The Prophet came
back in order to enter his house, but he went
away again. Then they left, whereupon I set out
and went to the Prophet to tell him that they had
departed, so he came and entered his house. I
wanted to enter along with him, but he put a
screen between me and him. Then Allah
revealed:
'O you who believe! Do not enter the houses of
the Prophet...' (33.53)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 315:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
I of all the people know best this verse of
Al-Hijab. When Allah's Apostle married Zainab
bint Jahsh she was with him in the house and he
prepared a meal and invited the people (to it).
They sat down (after finishing their meal) and
started chatting. So the Prophet went out and
then returned several times while they were still
sitting and talking. So Allah revealed the Verse:
'O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet's

houses until leave is given to you for a meal, (and

then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation

.....ask them from behind a screen.' (33.53) So
the screen was set up and the people went away.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 316:
Narrated Anas:
A banquet of bread and meat was held on the
occasion of the marriage of the Prophet to

Zainab bint Jahsh. I was sent to invite the people

(to the banquet), and so the people started
coming (in groups); They would eat and then
leave. Another batch would come, eat and leave.
So I kept on inviting the people till I found
nobody to invite. Then I said, "O Allah's
Prophet! I do not find anybody to invite." He
said, "Carry away the remaining food." Then a
batch of three persons stayed in the house
chatting. The Prophet left and went towards the
dwelling place of Aisha and said, "Peace and
Allah's Mercy be on you, O the people of the
house!" She replied, "Peace and the mercy of
Allah be on you too. How did you find your
wife? May Allah bless you. Then he went to the

dwelling places of all his other wives and said to

them the same as he said to Aisha and they said
to him the same as Aisha had said to him. Then
the Prophet returned and found a group of three
persons still in the house chatting. The Prophet
was a very shy person, so he went out (for the
second time) and went towards the dwelling
place of 'Aisha. I do not remember whether I
informed him that the people have gone away.
So he returned and as soon as he entered the
gate, he drew the curtain between me and him,
and then the Verse of Al-Hijab was revealed.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 317:
Narrated Anas:
When Allah's Apostle married Zainab bint Jahsh,
he made the people eat meat and bread to their
fill (by giving a Walima banquet). Then he went
out to the dwelling places of the mothers of the
believers (his wives), as he used to do in the
morning of his marriage. He would greet them
and invoke good on them, and they (too) would
return his greeting and invoke good on him.
When he returned to his house, he found two
men talking to each other; and when he saw
them, he went out of his house again. When
those two men saw Allah's Apostle: going out of
his house, they quickly got up (and departed). I
do not remember whether I informed him of their
departure, or he was informed (by somebody
else). So he returned, and when he entered the
house, he lowered the curtain between me and
him. Then the Verse of Al-Hijab was revealed.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 318:
Narrated Aisha:
Sauda (the wife of the Prophet) went out to
answer the call of nature after it was made

obligatory (for all the Muslims ladies) to observe

the veil. She was a fat huge lady, and everybody
who knew her before could recognize her. So
'Umar bin Al-Khattab saw her and said, "O
Sauda! By Allah, you cannot hide yourself from
us, so think of a way by which you should not be
recognized on going out. Sauda returned while
Allah's Apostle was in my house taking his
supper and a bone covered with meat was in his
hand. She entered and said, "O Allah's Apostle!
I went out to answer the call of nature and 'Umar
said to me so-and-so." Then Allah inspired him
(the Prophet) and when the state of inspiration
was over and the bone was still in his hand as he
had not put in down, he said (to Sauda), "You
(women) have been allowed to go out for your
needs."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 319:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Aflah, the brother of Abi Al-Quais, asked

permission to visit me after the order of Al-Hijab

was revealed. I said, "I will not permit him unless

I take permission of the Prophet about him for it
was not the brother of Abi Al-Qu'ais but the wife
of Abi Al-Qu'ais that nursed me." The Prophet
entered upon me, and I said to him, "O Allah's
Apostle! Allah, the brother of Abi Al-Qu'ais
asked permission to visit me but I refused to
permit him unless I took your permission." The
Prophet said, "What stopped you from permitting
him? He is your uncle." I said, "O Allah's
Apostle! The man was not the person who had
nursed me, but the woman, the wife of Abi
Al-Qu'ais had nursed me." He said, "Admit him,
for he is your uncle. Taribat Yaminuki (may your
right hand be saved)" 'Urwa, the sub-narrator
added: For that 'Aisha used to say, "Consider
those things which are illegal because of blood
relations as illegal because of the corresponding
foster relations."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 320:
Narrated Ka'b bin Ujra:
It was said, "O Allah's Apostle! We know how
to greet you, but how to invoke Allah for you?"
The Prophet said, "Say: Allahumma salli ala
Muhammadin wa'ala Ali Muhammaddin, kama
sallaita 'ala all Ibrahim, innaka Hamidun Majid."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 321:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
We said, "O Allah's Apostle! (We know) this
greeting (to you) but how shall we invoke Allah
for you?" He said, "Say! Allahumma salli ala
Muhammadin 'Abdika wa rasulika kama- sallaita
'ala all Ibrahim wa barik ala Muhammadin wa'ala
all Muhammadin kama barakta 'ala all Ibrahim.'
Al-Laith said: 'Ala Muhammadin wa 'ala all
Muhammadin kama barakta ala all Ibrahim.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 322:
Narrated Ibn Abi Hazim and Ad-Darawardi:
Yazid said, "Kama sallaita ala Ibrahima wa barik
'ala Muhammad in wa all Muhammadin kama
barakta 'ala Abrahima wa all Ibrahim."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 323:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Moses was a shy man, and
that is what the Statement of Allah means:
'O you who believe Be not like those who
annoyed Moses, but Allah proved his innocence
of that which they alleged and he was honorable
in Allah's Sight.' (33.69)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 324:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Prophet said, "When Allah decrees some

order in the heaven, the angels flutter their wings

indicating complete surrender to His saying which
sounds like chains being dragged on rock. And
when the state of fear disappears, they ask each
other, "What has your Lord ordered? They say
that He has said that which is true and just, and
He is the Most High, the Most Great." (34.23).

Then the stealthy listeners (devils) hear this order,

and these stealthy listeners are like this, one over

the other." (Sufyan, a sub-narrator demonstrated
that by holding his hand upright and separating
the fingers.) A stealthy listener hears a word
which he will convey to that which is below him
and the second will convey it to that which is

below him till the last of them will convey it to the

wizard or foreteller. Sometimes a flame (fire)
may strike the devil before he can convey it, and
sometimes he may convey it before the flame
(fire) strikes him, whereupon the wizard adds to
that word a hundred lies. The people will then

say, 'Didn't he (i.e. magician) tell such-and-such

a thing on such-and-such date?' So that magician
is said to have told the truth because of the
Statement which has been heard from the
heavens."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 325:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
One day the Prophet ascended Safa mountain
and said, "Oh Sabah! " All the Quraish gathered
round him and said, "What is the matter?" He

said, Look, if I told you that an enemy is going to

attack you in the morning or in the evening,
would you not believe me?" They said, "Yes, we
will believe you." He said, "I am a warner to you
in face of a terrible punishment." On that Abu

Lahab said, "May you perish ! Is it for this thing

that you have gathered us?" So Allah revealed:
'Perish the hands of Abu Lahab!...' (111.1)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 326:
Narrated Abu Dharr:
Once I was with the Prophet in the mosque at
the time of sunset. The Prophet said, "O Abu
Dharr! Do you know where the sun sets?" I
replied, "Allah and His Apostle know best." He

said, "It goes and prostrates underneath (Allah's)

Throne; and that is Allah's Statement:--
'And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term
(decreed). And that is the decree of All-Mighty,
the All-Knowing....' (36.38)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 327:
Narrated Abu Dharr:
I asked the Prophet about the Statement of
Allah:--
'And the sun runs on fixed course for a term
(decreed), ' (36.38) He said, "Its course is
underneath "Allah's Throne." (Prostration of Sun
trees, stars. mentioned in Qur'an and Hadith
does not mean like our prostration but it means
that these objects are obedient to their Creator
(Allah) and they obey for what they have been
created for).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 328:
Narrated Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said, "Nobody has the right to be
better than (Jonah) bin Matta."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 329:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "He who says that I am better
than Jonah bin Matta, tells a lie.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 330:
Narrated Al-Awwam:
I asked Muhajid regarding the prostration in
Surat Sad. He said, "Ibn Abbas was asked the
same question and he said, 'Those are they (the
prophets) whom Allah had Guided. So follow
their guidance." (6.90) Ibn 'Abbas used to
perform a prostration (on reading this Sura).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 331:
Narrated Al-Awwam:
I asked Mujahid regarding the prostration in
Surat Sad. He said, "I asked Ibn 'Abbas, 'What
evidence makes you prostrate?' He said, "Don't
you recite:--'And among his progeny, David and
Solomon..(6.84). Those are they whom Allah
had guided. So follow their guidance.' (6.90) So
David was the one of those prophets whom
Prophet (Muhammad) was ordered to follow.
David prostrated, so Allah's Apostle
(Muhammad) performed this prostration too.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 332:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Last night a demon from the
Jinns came to me (or the Prophet said, a similar
sentence) to disturb my prayer, but Allah gave
me the power to overcome him. I intended to tie
him to one of the pillars of the mosque till the

morning so that all of you could see him, but then

I remembered the Statement of my brother
Solomon:--'My Lord! Forgive me and bestow
on me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any
other after me.' (38.35) The narrator added:
Then he (the Prophet) dismissed him, rejected.
'Nor am I one of the pretenders (a person who
pretends things which do not exist).' (38.86)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 333:
Narrated Masruq:
We came upon 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud and he said
"O people! If somebody knows something, he
can say it, but if he does not know it, he should

say, "Allah knows better,' for it is a sign of having

knowledge to say about something which one
does not know, 'Allah knows better.' Allah said
to His Prophet: 'Say (O Muhammad ! ) No wage
do I ask of You for this (Quran) nor am I one of
the pretenders (a person who pretends things
which do not exist).' (38.86) Now I will tell you
about Ad-Dukhan (the smoke), Allah's Apostle
invited the Quraish to embrace Islam, but they
delayed their response. So he said, "O Allah!
Help me against them by sending on them seven
years of famine similar to the seven years of
famine of Joseph." So the famine year overtook
them and everything was destroyed till they ate
dead animals and skins. People started imagining
to see smoke between them and the sky because
of severe hunger. Allah said:
'Then watch you for the Day that the sky will
bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible,

covering the people. . . This is painful torment.'

(44.10-11) (So they invoked Allah) "Our Lord!
Remove the punishment from us really we are
believers." How can there be an (effectual)
reminder for them when an Apostle, explaining
things clearly, has already come to them? Then
they had turned away from him and said: 'One
taught (by a human being), a madman?' 'We shall
indeed remove punishment for a while, but truly,

you will revert (to disbelief).' (44.12-15) Will the

punishment be removed on the Day of
Resurrection?" 'Abdullah added, "The
punishment was removed from them for a while

but they reverted to disbelief, so Allah destroyed

them on the Day of Badr. Allah said:
'The day We shall seize you with a mighty grasp.
We will indeed (then) exact retribution." (44.16)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 334:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Some pagans who committed murders in great
number and committed illegal sexual intercourse
excessively, came to Muhammad and said, "O
Muhammad! Whatever you say and invite people
to, is good: but we wish if you could inform us
whether we can make an expiration for our (past
evil) deeds." So the Divine Verses came: 'Those
who invoke not with Allah any other god, not kill
such life as Allah has forbidden except for just
cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse.'
(25.68) And there was also revealed:-- 'Say: O
My slaves who have transgressed against their
souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah.'
(39.53)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 335:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
A (Jewish) Rabbi came to Allah's Apostle and he
said, "O Muhammad! We learn that Allah will
put all the heavens on one finger, and the earths
on one finger, and the trees on one finger, and
the water and the dust on one finger, and all the
other created beings on one finger. Then He will
say, 'I am the King.' Thereupon the Prophet

smiled so that his pre-molar teeth became visible,

and that was the confirmation of the Rabbi. Then
Allah's Apostle recited:
'No just estimate have they made of Allah such
as due to Him.' (39.67)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 336:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah will hold

the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His

Right Hand, and then He will say, 'I am the King;
where are the kings of the earth?"'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 337:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "I will be the first to raise my

head after the second blowing of the trumpet and
will see Moses hanging the Throne, and I will not
know whether he had been in that state all the
time or after the blowing of the trumpet."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 338:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Between the two blowing of

the trumpet there will be forty." The people said,

"O Abu Huraira! Forty days?" I refused to reply.
They said, "Forty years?" I refused to reply and
added: Everything of the human body will decay

except the coccyx bone (of the tail) and from that

bone Allah will reconstruct the whole body.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 339:
Narrated Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
I asked 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As to inform
me of the worst thing the pagans had done to
Allah's Apostle. He said: "While Allah's Apostle
was praying in the courtyard of the ka'ba, 'Uqba
bin Abi Mu'ait came and seized Allah's Apostle
by the shoulder and twisted his garment round his
neck and throttled him severely. Abu Bakr came
and seized 'Uqba's shoulder and threw him away
from Allah's Apostle and said, "Would you kill a
man because he says: 'My Lord is Allah,' and has
come to you with clear Signs from your Lord?"
(40.28)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 340:
Narrated Ibn Mas'ud:
(regarding) the Verse: 'And you have not been
screening against yourself lest your ears, and
your eyes and your skins should testify against
you..' (41.22) While two persons from Quraish
and their brother-in-law from Thaqif (or two
persons from Thaqif and their brother-in-law
from Quraish) were in a house, they said to each
other, "Do you think that Allah hears our talks?"
Some said, "He hears a portion thereof" Others

said, "If He can hear a portion of it, He can hear

all of it." Then the following Verse was revealed:

'And you have not been screening against
yourself lest your ears, and your eyes and your
skins should testify against you...' (41.22)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 341:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
There gathered near the House (i.e. the Ka'ba)
two Quraishi persons and a person from Thaqif
(or two persons from Thaqif and one from

Quraish), and all of them with very fat bellies but

very little intelligence. One of them said, "Do you

think that Allah hears what we say?" Another
said, "He hears us when we talk in a loud voice,
but He doesn't hear us when we talk in a low
tone." The third said, "If He can hear when we
talk in a loud tone, then He can also hear when
we speak in a low tone." Then Allah, the
Honorable, the Majestic revealed:
'And you have not been screening against
yourself lest your ears, and eyes and your skins
should testify against you....' (41.22-23)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 342:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud:
(As above, Hadith No. 341).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 343:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
That he was asked (regarding):
"Except to be kind to me for my Kinship with
you.' (42.23) Said bin Zubair (who was present
then) said, "It means here (to show what is due
for) the relatives of Muhammad." On that Ibn
Abbas said: you have hurried in giving the
answer! There was no branch of the tribe of
Quraish but the Prophet had relatives therein.
The Prophet said, "I do not want anything from
(you ) except to be Kind to me for my Kinship
with you."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 344:
Narrated Ya'la:
I heard the Prophet reciting when on the pulpit:
'They will cry, "O Malik (Keeper of Hell) Let
your Lord make an end of us.' (43.77)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 345:
Narrated Abdullah:
Five things have passed, i.e. the smoke, the
defeat of the Romans, the splitting of the moon,

Al-Batsha (the defeat of the infidels in the battle

of Badr) and Al-Lizam (the punishment)'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 346:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
It (i.e., the imagined smoke) was because, when
the Quraish refused to obey the Prophet, he
asked Allah to afflict them with years of famine
similar to those of (Prophet) Joseph. So they
were stricken with famine and fatigue, so much
so that they ate even bones. A man would look
towards the sky and imagine seeing something
like smoke between him and the sky because of
extreme fatigue. So Allah revealed:--
'Then watch you for the Day that the sky will
bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible,

covering the people; this is a painfull of torment.'

(44.10-11)
Then someone (Abu Sufyan) came to Allah's
Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Invoke

Allah to send rain for the tribes of Mudar for they

are on the verge of destruction." On that the

Prophet said (astonishingly) "Shall I invoke Allah)

for the tribes of Mudar? Verily, you are a brave
man!" But the Prophet prayed for rain and it
rained for them. Then the Verse was revealed.

'But truly you will return (to disbelief).' (44.15)

(When the famine was over and) they restored
prosperity and welfare, they reverted to their
ways (of heathenism) whereupon Allah revealed:
'On the Day when We shall seize you with a
Mighty Grasp. We will indeed (then) exact

retribution.' (44.16) The narrator said, "That was

the day of the Battle of Badr."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 347:
Narrated Abdullah:
It is a sign of having knowledge that, when you
do not know something, you say: 'Allah knows
better.' Allah said to his Prophet:
'Say: No wage do I ask of you for this (Qur'an),
nor am I one of the pretenders (a person who
pretends things which do not exist)' (38.86)
When the Quraish troubled and stood against the
Prophet he said, "O Allah! Help me against them

by afflicting them with seven years of famine like

the seven years of Joseph." So they were
stricken with a year of famine during which they
ate bones and dead animals because of too much
suffering, and one of them would see something
like smoke between him and the sky because of
hunger. Then they said: Our Lord! Remove the
torment from us, really we are believers. (44.12)
And then it was said to the Prophet (by Allah),
"If we remove it from them. they will revert to
their ways (of heathenism)." So the Prophet
invoked his Lord, who removed the punishment
from them, but later they reverted (to
heathenism), whereupon Allah punished them on
the day of the Battle of Badr, and that is what
Allah's Statement indicates:
'Then watch for the day that the sky will bring
forth a kind of smoke plainly visible...we will
indeed (then) exact retribution.' (44.10).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 348:
Narrated Masruq:
I came upon 'Abdullah and he said, "When
Allah's Apostle invited Quraish (to Islam), they
disbelieved him and stood against him. So he (the
Prophet) said, "O Allah! Help me against them
by afflicting them with seven years of famine
similar to the seven years of Joseph.' So they
were stricken with a year of drought that
destroyed everything, and they started eating
dead animals, and if one of them got up he would
see something like smoke between him and the
sky from the severe fatigue and hunger."
Abdullah then recited:--
'Then watch you for the Day that the sky will
bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible,
covering the people. This is a painful torment...
(till he reached) ........ We shall indeed remove
the punishment for a while, but truly you will
revert (to heathenism): (44.10-15) 'Abdullah
added: "Will the punishment be removed from
them on the Day of Resurrection?" He added,"
The severe grasp" was the Day of the Battle of
Badr."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 349:
Narrated Abdullah:
Allah sent (the Prophet) Muhammad and said:--
'Say, No wage do I ask of you for this (Qur'an)
nor am I one of the pretenders (i.e. a person who
pretends things which do not exist). (38.68)
When Allah's Apostle saw Quraish standing
against him, he said, "O Allah! Help me against

them by afflicting them with seven years of famine

similar to the seven years (of famine) of Joseph.

So they were afflicted with a year of drought that

destroyed everything, and they ate bones and
hides. (One of them said), "And they ate hides
and dead animals, and (it seemed to them that)
something like smoke was coming out of the
earth. So Abu Sufyan came to the Prophet and
said, "O Muhammad! Your people are on the
verge of destruction! Please invoke Allah to
relieve them." So the Prophet invoked Allah for
them (and the famine disappeared). He said to

them. "You will revert (to heathenism) after that."

'Abdullah then recited:
'Then watch you for the Day that the sky will

bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible.......but

truly you will revert (to disbelief).' He added,
"Will the punishment be removed from them in
the Hereafter? The smoke and the grasp and the
Al-Lizam have all passed." One of the
sub-narrater said, "The splitting of the moon."
And another said, "The defeat of the Romans
(has passed)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 350:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
Five things have passed: Al-Lizam, the defeat of

the Romans, the mighty grasp, the splitting of the

moon, and the smoke.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 351:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'The son of
Adam hurts me for he abuses Time though I am
Time: in My Hands are all things, and I cause the
revolution of day and night.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 352:
Narrated Yusuf bin Mahak:
Marwan had been appointed as the governor of
Hijaz by Muawiya. He delivered a sermon and
mentioned Yazid bin Muawiya so that the people
might take the oath of allegiance to him as the
successor of his father (Muawiya). Then 'Abdur
Rahman bin Abu Bakr told him something
whereupon Marwan ordered that he be arrested.
But 'Abdur-Rahman entered 'Aisha's house and
they could not arrest him. Marwan said, "It is he
('AbdurRahman) about whom Allah revealed this
Verse:--
'And the one who says to his parents: 'Fie on
you! Do you hold out the promise to me..?'"
On that, 'Aisha said from behind a screen, "Allah
did not reveal anything from the Qur'an about us
except what was connected with the declaration
of my innocence (of the slander)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 353:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet), I never saw Allah's
Apostle laughing loudly enough to enable me to
see his uvula, but he used to smile only. And
whenever he saw clouds or winds, signs of deep
concern would appear on his face. I said, "O
Allah's Apostle! When people see clouds they
usually feel happy, hoping that it would rain,
while I see that when you see clouds, one could
notice signs of dissatisfaction on your face." He
said, "O 'Aisha! What is the guarantee for me

that there will be no punishment in it, since some

people were punished with a wind? Verily, some
people saw (received) the punishment, but (while

seeing the cloud) they said, 'This cloud will give

us rain.' "
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 354:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Allah created His creation,
and when He had finished it, the womb, got up
and caught hold of Allah whereupon Allah said,
"What is the matter?' On that, it said, 'I seek
refuge with you from those who sever the ties of
Kith and kin.' On that Allah said, 'Will you be
satisfied if I bestow My favors on him who keeps
your ties, and withhold My favors from him who
severs your ties?' On that it said, 'Yes, O my
Lord!' Then Allah said, 'That is for you.' " Abu
Huraira added: If you wish, you can recite:
"Would you then if you were given the authority.
do mischief in the land and sever your ties of
kinship. (47. 22)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 355:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
(As above, No. 354, but added) Then Allah's
Apostle said, "Recite if you wish: "Would you
then." ..(47.22)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 356:
Narrated Muawiya bin Abi Al-Muzarrad:
Allah's Apostle, said, "Recite if you wish: Would

you then if you were given the authority." (47.22)

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 357:
Narrated Aslam:
While Allah's Apostle was proceeding at night
during one of his journeys and 'Umar bin
Al-Khattab was traveling beside him, 'Umar
asked him about something but Allah's Apostle
did not reply. He asked again, but he did not
reply, and then he asked (for the third time) but
he did not reply. On that, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab
said to himself, "Thakilat Ummu 'Umar (May
'Umar's mother lose her son)! I asked Allah's
Apostle three times but he did not reply." 'Umar
then said, "I made my camel run faster and went
ahead of the people, and I was afraid that some
Qur'anic Verses might be revealed about me. But
before getting involved in any other matter. I
heard somebody calling me. I said to myself, 'I
fear that some Qur'anic Verses have been
revealed about me,' and so I went to Allah's
Apostle and greeted him.
He (Allah's Apostle ) said, 'Tonight a Sura has
been revealed to me, and it is dearer to me than

that on which the sun rises (i.e. the world)' Then

he recited: "Verily, We have given you a manifest
victory." (48.1)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 358:
Narrated Anas:
"Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) a
manifest victory.' refers to Al-Hudaibiya Peace
treaty).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 359:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
On the Day of the Conquest of Mecca, the
Prophet recited Surat Al-Fath in a vibrating and
pleasant voice. (Muawaiya, the subnarrator said,

"If I could imitate the recitation of the Prophet I

would do so.")
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 360:
Narrated Al-Mughira:
The Prophet used to offer night prayers till his
feet became swollen. Somebody said, to him,"
"Allah has forgiven you, your faults of the past

and those to follow." On that, he said, "Shouldn't

I be a thankful slave of Allah)?"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 361:
Narrated Aisha:
The Prophet used to offer prayer at night (for
such a long time) that his feet used to crack. I
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why do you do it since

Allah has forgiven you your faults of the past and

those to follow?" He said, "Shouldn't I love to be

a thankful slave (of Allah)?' When he became
old, he prayed while sitting, but if he wanted to
perform a bowing, he wound get up, recite
(some other verses) and then perform the
bowing.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 362:
Narrated Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As:
This Verse:
'Verily We have sent you (O Muhammad) as a
witness, as a bringer of glad tidings and as a
warner.' (48.8)

Which is in the Qur'an, appears in the Surah thus:

'Verily We have sent you (O Muhammad) as a
witness, as a bringer of glad tidings and as a

warner, and as a protector for the illiterates (i.e.,

the Arabs.) You are my slave and My Apostle,
and I have named you Al-Mutawakkil (one who
depends upon Allah). You are neither
hard-hearted nor of fierce character, nor one
who shouts in the markets. You do not return evil
for evil, but excuse and forgive. Allah will not
take you unto Him till He guides through you a
crocked (curved) nation on the right path by
causing them to say: "None has the right to be
worshipped but Allah." With such a statement He
will cause to open blind eyes, deaf ears and
hardened hearts.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 363:
Narrated Al-Bara:
While a man from the companions of the Prophet

was reciting (Quran) and his horse was tied in the

house, the horse got startled and started jumping.

The man came out, looked around but could not
find anything, yet the horse went on jumping. The
next morning he mentioned that to the Prophet.
The Prophet said, "That was the tranquility
(calmness) which descended because of the
recitation of the Quran."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 364:
Narrated Jabir:
We were one thousand and four hundred on the
Day of Al-Hudaibiya.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 365:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Sahban:
'Abdullah bin Mughaffal Al-Muzani who was one
of those who witnessed (the event of) the tree,
said, "The Prophet forbade the throwing of small
stones (with two fingers)." 'Abdullah bin
Al-Mughaffal Al-Muzani also said, "The Prophet
also forbade urinating at the place where one
takes a bath."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 366:
Narrated Thabit bin Ad-Dahhak:
who was one of the companions of the tree
(those who swore allegiance to the Prophet
beneath the tree at Al-Hudaibiya):
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 367:
Narrated Habib bin Abi Thabit:
I went to Abu Wail to ask him (about those who

had rebelled against 'Ali). On that Abu Wail said,

"We were at Siffin (a city on the bank of the
Euphrates, the place where me battle took place
between 'Ali and Muawiya) A man said, "Will
you be on the side of those who are called to

consult Allah's Book (to settle the dispute)?" 'Ali

said, 'Yes (I agree that we should settle the

matter in the light of the Qur'an)." ' Some people

objected to 'Ali's agreement and wanted to fight.
On that Sahl bin Hunaif said, 'Blame yourselves!
I remember how, on the day of Al-Hudaibiya
(i.e. the peace treaty between the Prophet and
the Quraish pagans), if we had been allowed to
choose fighting, we would have fought (the
pagans). At that time 'Umar came (to the
Prophet) and said, "Aren't we on the right (path)
and they (pagans) in the wrong? Won't our killed
persons go to Paradise, and theirs in the Fire?"
The Prophet replied, "Yes." Umar further said,
"Then why should we let our religion be
degraded and return before Allah has settled the
matter between us?" The Prophet said, "O the
son of Al-Khattab! No doubt, I am Allah's
Apostle and Allah will never neglect me." So
Umar left the place angrily and he was so
impatient that he went to Abu Bakr and said, "O
Abu Bakr! Aren't we on the right (path) and they
(pagans) on the wrong?" Abu Bakr said, "O the
son of Al-Khattab! He is Allah's Apostle, and
Allah will never neglect him." Then Sura Al-Fath
(The Victory) was revealed."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 368:
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika:
The two righteous persons were about to be
ruined. They were Abu Bakr and 'Umar who

raised their voices in the presence of the Prophet

when a mission from Bani Tamim came to him.
One of the two recommended Al-Aqra' bin
Habeas, the brother of Bani Mujashi (to be their
governor) while the other recommended
somebody else. (Nafi', the sub-narrator said, I
do not remember his name). Abu Bakr said to
Umar, "You wanted nothing but to oppose me!"
'Umar said, "I did not intend to oppose you."
Their voices grew loud in that argument, so Allah
revealed:
'O you who believe! Raise not your voices above
the voice of the Prophet.' (49.2) Ibn Az-Zubair
said, "Since the revelation of this Verse, 'Umar
used to speak in such a low tone that the Prophet
had to ask him to repeat his statements." But Ibn
Az-Zubair did not mention the same about his
(maternal) grandfather (i.e. Abu Bakr).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 369:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet missed Thabit bin Qais for a period
(So he inquired about him). A man said. "O

Allah's Apostle! I will bring you his news." So he

went to Thabit and found him sitting in his house
and bowing his head. The man said to Thabit, "

'What is the matter with you?" Thabit replied that

it was an evil affair, for he used to raise his voice

above the voice of the Prophet and so all his
good deeds had been annulled, and he
considered himself as one of the people of the
Fire. Then the man returned to the Prophet and
told him that Thabit had said, so-and-so. (Musa
bin Anas) said: The man returned to Thabit with
great glad tidings. The Prophet said to the man.
"Go back to him and say to him: "You are not
from the people of the Hell Fire, but from the
people of Paradise."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 370:
Narrated Abdullah bin Az-Zubair:
A group of Bani Tamim came to the Prophet
(and requested him to appoint a governor for
them). Abu Bakr said, "Appoint Al-Qaqa bin
Mabad." Umar said, "Appoint Al-Aqra' bin
Habeas." On that Abu Bakr said (to 'Umar).
"You did not want but to oppose me!" 'Umar
replied "I did not intend to oppose you!" So both

of them argued till their voices grew loud. So the

following Verse was revealed:
'O you who believe! Be not for ward......' (49.1)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 371:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "The people will be thrown

into the (Hell) Fire and it will say: "Are there any

more (to come)?' (50.30) till Allah puts His Foot
over it and it will say, 'Qati! Qati! (Enough
Enough!)'"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 372:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

(that the Prophet said) "It will be said to the Hell,

'Are you filled?' It will say, 'Are there any more

(to come)?' On that Allah will put His Foot on it,

and it will say 'Qati! Qati! (Enough! Enough!)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 373:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Paradise and the Fire (Hell)
argued, and the Fire (Hell) said, "I have been
given the privilege of receiving the arrogant and
the tyrants.' Paradise said, 'What is the matter
with me? Why do only the weak and the humble
among the people enter me?' On that, Allah said
to Paradise. 'You are My Mercy which I bestow
on whoever I wish of my servants.' Then Allah
said to the (Hell) Fire, 'You are my (means of)
punishment by which I punish whoever I wish of

my slaves. And each of you will have its fill.' As

for the Fire (Hell), it will not be filled till Allah

puts His Foot over it whereupon it will say, 'Qati!

Qati!' At that time it will be filled, and its different

parts will come closer to each other; and Allah
will not wrong any of His created beings. As
regards Paradise, Allah will create a new
creation to fill it with."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 374:
Narrated Jarir bin Abdullah:
We were in the company of the Prophet on a
fourteenth night (of the lunar month), and he
looked at the (full) moon and said, "You will see
your Lord as you see this moon, and you will
have no trouble in looking at Him. So, whoever
can, should not miss the offering of prayers
before sunrise (Fajr prayer) and before sunset
(Asr prayer)." Then the Prophet recited:
'And celebrate the praises of your Lord before
the rising of the sun and before (its) setting.'
(50.39)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 375:
Narrated Mujahid:
Ibn Abbas said, "Allah ordered His Prophet to
celebrate Allah's praises after all prayers." He
refers to His Statement: 'After the prayers.'
(50.40)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 376:
Narrated Um Salama:
I complained to Allah's Apostle that I was sick,
so he said, "Perform the Tawaf (of Ka'ba at
Mecca) while riding behind the people (who are
performing the Tawaf on foot)." So I performed
the Tawaf while Allah's Apostle was offering the
prayer by the side of the Ka'ba and was reciting:
'By the Mount (Saini) and by a Decree
Inscribed.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 377:
Narrated Jubair bin Mut'im:
I heard the Prophet reciting Surat At-Tur in the
Maghrib prayer, and when he reached the Verse:
'Were they created by nothing, Or were they
themselves the creators, Or did they create the
Heavens and the Earth? Nay, but they have no
firm belief Or do they own the treasures of Your
Lord? Or have they been given the authority to
do as they like...' (52.35-37) my heart was about
to fly (when I realized this firm argument).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 378:
Narrated Masruq:
I said to 'Aisha, "O Mother! Did Prophet
Muhammad see his Lord?" Aisha said, "What
you have said makes my hair stand on end !
Know that if somebody tells you one of the

following three things, he is a liar: Whoever tells

you that Muhammad saw his Lord, is a liar."
Then Aisha recited the Verse:
'No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over
all vision. He is the Most Courteous

Well-Acquainted with all things.' (6.103) 'It is not

fitting for a human being that Allah should speak
to him except by inspiration or from behind a
veil.' (42.51) 'Aisha further said, "And whoever
tells you that the Prophet knows what is going to
happen tomorrow, is a liar." She then recited:
'No soul can know what it will earn tomorrow.'
(31.34) She added: "And whoever tell you that

he concealed (some of Allah's orders), is a liar."

Then she recited: 'O Apostle! Proclaim (the
Message) which has been sent down to you from
your Lord..' (5.67) 'Aisha added. "But the
Prophet saw Gabriel in his true form twice."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 379:
Narrated Abdullah:
Regarding the Verses: 'And was at a distance of
but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer; So did
(Allah) convey the Inspiration to His slave
(Gabriel) and then he Gabriel) conveyed (that to
Muhammad...' (53.9-10) Ibn Mas'ud narrated to
us that the Prophet had seen Gabriel with six
hundred wings.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 380:
Narrated ASSAILANT:
I asked Sir about the Statement of Allah:
'And was at a distance of but two bow-lengths
or (even) nearer. So did Allah convey the
Inspiration to His slave (Gabriel) and then he
(Gabriel) conveyed that to Muhammad.' (53.10)
He said, "Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) informed us that
Muhammad had seen Gabriel with six hundred
wings."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 381:
Narrated Abdullah:
(regarding the revelation) Truly he (Muhammad)
did see of the signs of his Lord; the Greatest!'
(53.18) The Prophet saw a green screen
covering the horizon.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 382:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
(regarding His Statement about the Lat and the
Uzza: Lat was originally a man who used to mix
Sawiq for the pilgrim.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 383:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whomever takes an oath
in which he mentions Lat and 'Uzza (forgetfully),
should say: None has the right to be worshipped
but Allah, and whoever says to his companion.
'Come along, let us gamble must give alms (as an
expiation)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 384:
Narrated 'Urwa:
I asked 'Aisha (regarding the Sai between As
Safa and Al-Marwa). She said, "Out of
reverence to the idol Manat which was placed in
Al-Mushailal, those who used to assume Ihram in
its name, used not to perform Sai between
As-Safa and Al-Marwa, so Allah revealed:
'Verily! The As-Safa and Al-Marwa (two
mountains at Mecca) are among the symbols of
Allah.' (2.158).
Thereupon, Allah's Apostle and the Muslims
used to perform Sai (between them)." Sufyan
said: The (idol) Manat was at Al-Mushailal in
Qudaid. 'Aisha added, "The Verse was revealed
in connection with the Ansar. They and (the tribe
of) Ghassan used to assume lhram in the name of
Manat before they embraced Islam." 'Aisha
added, "There were men from the Ansar who
used to assume lhram in the name of Manat
which was an idol between Mecca and Medina.
They said, "O Allah's Apostle! We used not to
perform the Tawaf (Sai) between As-Safa and
Al-Marwa out of reverence to Manat."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 385:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet performed a prostration when he
finished reciting Surat-an-Najm, and all the
Muslims and pagans and Jinns and human beings
prostrated along with him.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 386:
Narrated Abdullah:
The first Sura in which a prostration was
mentioned, was Sura An-Najm (The Star).

Allah's Apostle prostrated (while reciting it), and

everybody behind him prostrated except a man
whom I saw taking a hand-full of dust in his hand
and prostrated on it. Later I saw that man killed
as an infidel, and he was Umaiya bin Khalaf.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 387:
Narrated Ibn Masud:
During the lifetime of Allah's Apostle the moon
was split into two parts; one part remained over
the mountain, and the other part went beyond the
mountain. On that, Allah's Apostle said, "Witness
this miracle."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 388:
Narrated Abdullah:
The moon was cleft asunder while we were in the
company of the Prophet, and it became two
parts. The Prophet said, Witness, witness (this
miracle)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 389:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The moon was cleft asunder during the lifetime of
the Prophet
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 390:
Narrated Anas:
The people of Mecca asked the Prophet to show
them a sign (miracle). So he showed them (the
miracle) of the cleaving of the moon.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 391:
Narrated Anas:
The moon was cleft asunder into two parts.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 392:
Narrated Abdullah bin Masud:
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 393:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet used to recite: 'Is there any that
remember? And a furious wind (plucking out
men) as if they were uprooted stems of palm
trees, then how terrible was My punishment and
My warnings!' (54.20-21)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 394:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
A man asked Al-Aswad, 'is it 'Fahal
min-Muddakir' or'..Mudhdhakir?" Al Aswad
replied, 'I have heard Abdullah bin Masud

reciting it, 'Fahal-min Muddakir'; I too, heard the

Prophet reciting it 'Fahal-min-Muddakir' with 'd'.

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 395:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet recited: 'Fahal-min-Muddakir' "And

Verily an abiding torment seized them early in the

morning So, taste you My torment and My
warnings' (54.38-39)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 396:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet recited: 'Fahal-min Muddakir': 'And
verily, We have destroyed nations like unto you;
then is there any that will receive admonition?'
(54.51)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 397:
Narrated Abdullah:
I recited before the Prophet
'Fahal-min-Mudhdhakir'. The Prophet said, "It is
Fahal-min Muddakir."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 398:
Narrated Abbas:
Allah's Apostle while in a tent on the day of the
Battle of Badr, said, "O Allah! I request you (to
fulfill) Your promise and contract! O Allah! If
You wish that you will not be worshipped
henceforth.." On that Abu Bakr held the Prophet
by the hand and said, "That is enough, O Allah's
Apostle You have appealed to your Lord too
pressingly," while the Prophet was putting on his
armor. So Allah's Apostle went out, reciting

Their multitude will be put to flight, and they will

show their backs.' (54.45)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 399:
Narrated Yusuf bin Mahik:
I was in the house of 'Aisha, the mother of the
Believers. She said, "This revelation: "Nay, but
the Hour is their appointed time (for their full
recompense); and the Hour will be more
previous and most bitter." (54.46) was revealed
to Muhammad at Mecca while I was a playfull
little girl."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 400:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
While in his tent on the day the Battle of Badr,
the Prophet said, "O Allah! I request You (to
fulfill) Your promise and contract. O Allah! It
You wish that the Believers be destroyed). You
will never be worshipped henceforth." On that,
Abu Bakr held the Prophet by the hand and said,
"That is enough, O Allah's Apostle! You have
appealed to your Lord too pressingly" The
Prophet was wearing his armor and then went
out reciting:

'Their multitude will be put to flight and they will

show their backs. Nay, but the Hour is their
appointed time (for their full recompense), and
the Hour will be more previous and most bitter.'
(54.45-46)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 401:
Narrated Abdullah bin Qais:
Allah's Apostle said, "Two gardens, the utensils
and the contents of which are of silver, and two
other gardens, the utensils and contents of which
are of gold. And nothing will prevent the people
who will be in the Garden of Eden from seeing
their Lord except the curtain of Majesty over His
Face."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 402:
Narrated Abdullah bin Qais:
Allah's Apostle said, "In Paradise there is a

pavilion made of a single hollow pearl sixty miles

wide, in each corner of which there are wives
who will not see those in the other corners; and

the believers will visit and enjoy them. And there

are two gardens, the utensils and contents of
which are made of silver; and two other gardens,
the utensils and contents of which are made of

so-and-so (i.e. gold) and nothing will prevent the

people staying in the Garden of Eden from seeing
their Lord except the curtain of Majesty over His
Face."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 403:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "In Paradise there is a tree

which is so big that a rider can travel in its shade

for one hundred years without passing it; and if
you wish, you can recite:
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 404:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I asked Ibn Abbas about Surat Al-Tauba, and
he said, "Surat Al-Tauba? It is exposure (of all

the evils of the infidels and the hypocrites). And it

continued revealing (that the oft-repeated

expression): '...and of them ...and of them.' till

they started thinking that none would be left
unmentioned therein." I said, "What about) Surat
Al-Anfal?" He replied, "Surat Al-Anfal was
revealed in connection with the Badr Battle." I
said, "(What about) Surat Al-Hashr?" He
replied, "It was revealed in connection with Bani
an-Nadir."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 405:
Narrated Said:
I asked Ibn 'Abbas about Surat Al-Hashr. He
replied, "Say Surat An-Nadir."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 406:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
'Allah's Apostle burnt and cut down the palm
trees of Bani An-Nadir which were at Al-Buwair
(a place near Medina). There upon Allah
revealed:
'What you (O Muslims) cut down of the palm
trees (of the enemy) or you left them standing on

their stems, it was by the leave of Allah, so that

He might cover with shame the rebellious.' (59.5)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 407:
Narrated Umar:
The properties of Bam An-Nadir were among
the booty that Allah gave to His Apostle such
Booty were not obtained by any expedition on
the part of Muslims, neither with cavalry, nor
with camelry. So those properties were for
Allah's Apostle only, and he used to provide
thereof the yearly expenditure for his wives, and
dedicate the rest of its revenues for purchasing
arms and horses as war material to be used in
Allah's Cause.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 408:
Narrated Alqama:
'Abdullah (bin Masud) said. "Allah curses those
ladies who practice tattooing and those who get
themselves tattooed, and those ladies who
remove the hair from their faces and those who
make artificial spaces between their teeth in
order to look more beautiful whereby they
change Allah's creation." His saying reached a
lady from Bani Asd called Um Yaqub who came
(to Abdullah) and said, "I have come to know
that you have cursed such-and-such (ladies)?"
He replied, "Why should I not curse these whom
Allah's Apostle has cursed and who are (cursed)
in Allah's Book!" Um Yaqub said, "I have read

the whole Quran, but I did not find in it what you

say." He said, "Verily, if you have read it (i.e. the

Quran), you have found it. Didn't you read:
'And whatsoever the Apostle gives you take it
and whatsoever he forbids you, you abstain
(from it). (59.7)
She replied, "Yes, I did," He said, "Verily,
Allah's Apostle forbade such things." "She said,

"But I see your wife doing these things?" He said,

"Go and watch her." She went and watched her
but could not see anything in support of her
statement. On that he said, "If my wife was as
you thought, I would not keep her in my
company."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 409:
Narrated Abdullah (bin Mus'ud):
Allah's Apostle has cursed the lady who uses
false hair.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 410:
Narrated 'Umar:
I recommend that my successor should take care
of and secure the rights of the early emigrants;
and I also advise my successor to be kind to the
Ansar who had homes (in Medina) and had
adopted the Faith, before the Prophet migrated
to them, and to accept the good from their good
ones and excuse their wrong doers.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 411:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I am suffering from fatigue and
hunger." The Prophet sent (somebody) to his
wives (to get something), but the messenger
found nothing with them. Then Allah's Apostle
said (to his companions). "Isn't there anybody
who can entertain this man tonight so that Allah
may be merciful to him?" An Ansari man got up
and said, "I (will, entertain him), O Allah's
Apostle!" So he went to his wife and said to her,
"This is the guest of Allah's Apostle, so do not
keep anything away from him." She said. "By

Allah, I have nothing but the children's food." He

said, "When the children ask for their dinner, put

them to bed and put out the light; we shall not
take our meals tonight," She did so. In the
morning the Ansari man went to Allah's Apostle
who said, "Allah was pleased with (or He
bestowed His Mercy) on so-and-so and his wife
(because of their good deed)." Then Allah
revealed:
'But give them preference over themselves even
though they were in need of that.' (59.9)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 412:
Narrated Ali:
Allah's Apostle sent me along with AzZubair and
Al-Miqdad and said, "Proceed till you reach a
place called Raudat-Khakh where there is a lady

travelling in a howda on a camel. She has a letter.

Take the letter from her." So we set out, and our
horses ran at full pace till we reached Raudat
Khakh, and behold, we saw the lady and said (to
her), "Take out the letter!" She said, "I have no

letter with me." We said, "Either you take out the

letter or we will strip you of your clothes." So she

took the letter out of her hair braid. We brought
the letter to the Prophet and behold, it was
addressed by Hatib bin Abi Balta'a to some
pagans at Mecca, informing them of some of the

affairs of the Prophet. The Prophet said, "What is

this, O Hatib?" Hatib replied, "Do not be hasty
with me, O Allah's Apostle! I am an Ansari man
and do not belong to them (Quraish infidels)
while the emigrants who were with you had their
relatives who used to protect their families and
properties at Mecca. So, to compensate for not

having blood relation with them.' I intended to do

them some favor so that they might protect my

relatives (at Mecca), and I did not do this out of

disbelief or an inclination to desert my religion."

The Prophet then said (to his companions), "He
(Hatib) has told you the truth." 'Umar said, "O
Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop his head off?"
The Apostle said, "He is one of those who
witnessed (fought in) the Battle of Badr, and
what do you know, perhaps Allah looked upon
the people of Badr (Badr warriors) and said, 'Do
what you want as I have forgiven you.' " (Amr, a
sub-narrator, said,: This Verse was revealed
about him (Hatib):
'O you who believe! Take not My enemies and
your enemies as friends or protectors.' (60.1)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 413:
Narrated 'Ali:
Sufyan was asked whether (the Verse): 'Take
not My enemies and your enemies...'
was revealed in connection with Hatib. Sufyan

replied, "This occurs only in the narration of the

people. I memorized the Hadith from 'Amr, not

overlooking even a single letter thereof, and I do

not know of anybody who remembered it by
heart other than myself."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 414:
Narrated Urwa:
Aisha the wife of the Prophet, said, "Allah's
Apostle used to examine the believing women
who migrated to him in accordance with this
Verse: 'O Prophet! When believing women come
to you to take the oath of allegiance to you...
Verily! Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.'
(60.12) 'Aisha said, "And if any of the believing
women accepted the condition (assigned in the
above-mentioned Verse), Allah's Apostle would
say to her. "I have accepted your pledge of
allegiance." "He would only say that, for, by
Allah, his hand never touched, any lady during

that pledge of allegiance. He did not receive their

pledge except by saying, "I have accepted your
pledge of allegiance for that."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 415:
Narrated Um Atiya:
We took the oath of allegiance to Allah's Apostle
and he recited to us:
'They will not associate anything in worship with
Allah,' and forbade us to bewail the dead.
Thereupon a lady withdrew her hand (refrained

from taking the oath of allegiance), and said, "But

such-and-such lady lamented over one of my
relatives, so I must reward (do the same over the
dead relatives of) hers." The Prophet did not
object to that, so she went (there) and returned
to the Prophet so he accepted her pledge of
allegiance.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 416:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Regarding the saying of Allah:

'And they will not disobey you in any just matter.'

(60.12) That was one of the conditions which
Allah imposed on The believing) women (who
came to take the oath of allegiance to the
Prophet)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 417:
Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit:
While we were with the Prophet, he said, "Will
you swear to me the pledge of allegiance that you

will not worship any thing besides Allah, will not

commit illegal sexual intercourse, and will not
steal?" Then he recited the Verse concerning the
women. (Sufyan, the subnarrator, often said that
the Prophet: added, "Whoever among you fulfills
his pledge, will receive his reward from Allah,
and whoever commits any of those sins and
receives the legal punishment (in this life), his
punishment will be an expiation for that sin; and
whoever commits any of those sins and Allah
screens him, then it is up to Allah to punish or
forgive them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 418:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
I witnessed the 'Id-al-Fitr prayer with Allah's
Apostle , Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthman; and all

of them offered it before delivering the sermon...

and then delivered the sermon. Once the Prophet
(after completing the prayer and the sermon)
came down, as if I am now looking at him
waving at the men with his hand to sit down, and
walked through them till he, along with Bilal,
reached (the rows of) the women. Then he
recited: 'O Prophet! When believing women
come to you to take the oath of allegiance that
they will not worship anything other than Allah,
will not steal, will not commit illegal sexual

intercourse, will not kill their children, and will not

utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood (by

making illegal children belonging to their
husbands)'....(60.12) Having finished, he said,
'Do you agree to that?" One lady, other than
whom none replied the Prophet said, "Yes, O
Allah's Apostle!" (The, sub-narrator, Al-Hasan
did not know who the lady was.) Then the
Prophet said to them: "Will you give alms?"
Thereupon Bilal spread out his garment and the
women started throwing big
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 419:
Narrated Jubair bin Mutim:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'I have several
names: I am Muhammad and I am Ahmad, and I
am Al-Mahi with whom Allah obliterates Kufr
(disbelief), and I am Al-Hashir (gatherer) at
whose feet (i.e. behind whom) the people will be
gathered (on the Day of Resurrection), and I am
Al-Aqib (i.e. who succeeds the other prophets in
bringing about good)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 420:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
While we were sitting with the Prophet Surat
Al-Jumu'a was revealed to him, and when the
Verse, "And He (Allah) has sent him
(Muhammad) also to other (Muslims).....' (62.3)
was recited by the Prophet, I said, "Who are
they, O Allah's Apostle?" The Prophet did not
reply till I repeated my question thrice. At that
time, Salman Al-Farisi was with us. So Allah's
Apostle put his hand on Salman, saying, "If Faith
were at (the place of) Ath-Thuraiya (pleiades,
the highest star), even then (some men or man
from these people (i.e. Salman's folk) would
attain it."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 421:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said. Then some men from these
people would attain it."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 422:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
A caravan of merchandise arrived at Medina on
a Friday while we were with the Prophet All the
people left (the Prophet and headed for the
caravan) except twelve persons. Then Allah
revealed:--
'But when they see some bargain or some
amusement they disperse headlong to it.'
..(62.11)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 423:
Narrated Zaid bin Arqam:
While I was taking part in a Ghazwa. I heard
'Abdullah bin Ubai (bin Abi Salul) saying. "Don't
spend on those who are with Allah's Apostle,
that they may disperse and go away from him. If
we return (to Medina), surely, the more
honorable will expel the meaner amongst them." I
reported that (saying) to my uncle or to 'Umar
who, in his turn, informed the Prophet of it. The
Prophet called me and I narrated to him the
whole story. Then Allah's Apostle sent for
'Abdullah bin Ubai and his companions, and they

took an oath that they did not say that. So Allah's

Apostle disbelieved my saying and believed his. I
was distressed as I never was before. I stayed at
home and my uncle said to me. "You just wanted
Allah's Apostle to disbelieve your statement and
hate you." So Allah revealed (the Sura beginning
with) 'When the hypocrites come to you.' (63.1)
The Prophet then sent for me and recited it and
said, "O Zaid! Allah confirmed your statement."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 424:
Narrated Zaid bin Arqam:
I was with my uncle and I heard 'Abdullah bin
Ubai bin Salul, saying, "Don't spend on those
who are with Allah's Apostle that they may
disperse and go away from him." He also said,
"If we return to Medina, surely, the more
honorable will expel the meaner." So I informed
my uncle of that and then my uncle informed
Allah's Apostle thereof. Allah's Apostle sent for
'Abdullah bin Ubai and his companions. They
swore that they did not say anything of that sort
Allah's Apostle deemed their statement true and
rejected mine. Thereof I became as distressed as
I have never been before, and stayed at home.
Then Allah revealed (Surat Al-Munafiqin):
'When the hypocrites come to you.....(63.1)
They are the ones who say: Spend nothing on
those who are with Allah's Apostle ..(63.7)
Verily the more honorable will expel therefrom
the meaner..' (63.7-8)
Allah's Apostle sent for me and recited that Sura
for me and said, "Allah has confirmed your
statement." 'That is because they believed, then
disbelieved, so a seal was set on their hearts,
therefore they understand not.' (63.3)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 425:
Narrated Zaid bin Arqam:
When 'Abdullah bin Ubai said, "Do not spend on
those who are with Allah's Apostle," and also
said, "If we return to Medina," I informed the
Prophet of his saying. The Ansar blamed me for
that, and 'Abdullah bin Ubai swore that he did

not say. I returned to my house and slept. Allah's

Apostle then called me and I went to him. He
said, "Allah has confirmed your statement." The
Verse: "They are the one who say: Spend
nothing......(63.7) was revealed.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 426:
Narrated Zaid bin Arqam:
We went out with the Prophet : on a journey and
the people suffered from lack of provisions. So
'Abdullah bin Ubai said to his companions,
"Don't spend on those who are with Allah's
Apostle, that they may disperse and go away
from him." He also said, "If we return to Medina,
surely, the more honorable will expel therefrom
the meaner. So I went to the Prophet and
informed him of that. He sent for 'Abdullah bin
Ubai and asked him, but 'Abdullah bin Ubai
swore that he did not say so. The people said,
"Zaid told a lie to 'Allah's Apostle." What they
said distressed me very much. Later Allah
revealed the confirmation of my statement in his
saying:--
'(When the hypocrites come to you.' (63.1) So
the Prophet called them that they might ask Allah

to forgive them, but they turned their heads aside.

(Concerning Allah's saying: 'Pieces of wood
propped up,' Zaid said; They were the most
handsome men.)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 427:
Narrated Zaid bin Arqam:
While I was with my uncle, I heard 'Abdullah bin
Ubai bin Salul saying, "Do not spend on those
who are with Allah's Apostle, that they may
disperse and go away (from him). And if we
return to Medina, surely, the more honorable will
expel therefrom the meaner. "I mentioned that to
my uncle who, in turn, mentioned it to the
Prophet. The Prophet called me and I told him
about that. Then he sent for 'Abdullah bin Ubai
and his companions, and they swore that they did
not say so. The Prophet disbelieved my

statement and believed theirs. I was distressed as

I have never been before, and I remained in my
house. My uncle said to me, "You just wanted
the Prophet to consider you a liar and hate you."
Then Allah revealed:--
'When the hypocrites come to you, they say: 'We
bear witness that you are indeed the Apostle of
Allah." (63.1) So the Prophet sent for me and
recited it and said, "Allah has confirmed your
statement."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 428:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
We were in a Ghazwa (Sufyan once said, in an
army) and a man from the emigrants kicked an
Ansari man (on the buttocks with his foot). The
Ansari man said, "O the Ansar! (Help!)" and the
emigrant said. "O the emigrants! (Help!) Allah's
Apostle heard that and said, "What is this call
for, which is characteristic of the period of
ignorance?" They said, "O Allah's Apostle! A
man from the emigrants kicked one of the Ansar
(on the buttocks with his foot)." Allah's Apostle

said, "Leave it (that call) as is a detestable thing."

'Abdullah bin Ubai heard that and said, 'Have the
(the emigrants) done so? By Allah, if we return
Medina, surely, the more honorable will expel
therefrom the meaner." When this statement
reached the Prophet. 'Umar got up an, said, "O
Allah's Apostle! Let me chop off the head of this
hypocrite ('Abdullah bin Ubai)!" The Prophet
said "Leave him, lest the people say that
Muhammad kills his companions." The Ansar
were then more in number than the emigrants
when the latter came to Medina, but later on the
emigrant increased.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 429:
Narrated Musa bin 'Uqba:
'Abdullah bin Al-Fadl told me that Anas bin
Malik said, "I was much grieve over those who
had been killed in the Battle of Al-Harra. When
Zaid bin Arqarr heard of my intense grief (over
the killed Ansar), he wrote a letter to me saying
that he heard Allah's Apostle saying, O Allah!
Forgive the Ansar and the Ansar children. The
subnarrator, Ibn Al-Fadl, is not sure whether the
Prophet also said, And their grand-children."
Some of those who were present, asked Anas
(about Zaid). He said, "He (Zaid) is the one
about whom Allah's Apostle said, 'He is the one
whose sound hearing Allah testified.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 430:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
We were in a Ghazwa and a man from the
emigrants kicked an Ansari (on the buttocks with
his foot). The Ansari man said, "O the Ansari!
(Help!)" The emigrant said, "O the emigrants!
(Help)." When Allah's Apostle heard that, he
said, "What is that?" They said, "A man from the
emigrants kicked a man from the Ansar (on the

buttocks his foot). On that the Ansar said, 'O the

Ansar!' and the emigrant said, 'O the emigrants!"

The Prophet said' "Leave it (that call) for it Is a

detestable thing." The number of Ansar was
larger (than that of the emigrants) at the time
when the Prophet came to Medina, but later the
number of emigrants increased. 'Abdullah bin
Ubai said, "Have they, (the emigrants) done so?
By Allah, if we return to Medina, surely, the
more honorable will expel therefrom the meaner,"
'Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "O Allah's Apostle!
Let me chop off the head of this hypocrite!" The
Prophet said, "Leave him, lest the people say
Muhammad kills his companions:"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 431:
Narrated Salim:
That Abdullah bin Umar told him that he had
divorced his wife while she was in her menses so
'Umar informed Allah's Apostle

of that. Allah's Apostle became very angry at that

and said, "(Ibn 'Umar must return her to his
house and keep her as his wife till she becomes
clean and then menstruates and becomes clean
again, whereupon, if he wishes to divorce her, he
may do so while she is still clean and before

having any sexual relations with her, for that is the

legally prescribed period for divorce as Allah has

ordered."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 432:
Narrated Abu Salama:
A man came to Ibn 'Abbas while Abu Huraira
was sitting with him and said, "Give me your
verdict regarding a lady who delivered a baby
forty days after the death of her husband." Ibn

'Abbas said, "This indicates the end of one of the

two prescribed periods." I said "For those who

are pregnant, their prescribed period is until they

deliver their burdens." Abu Huraira said, I agree
with my cousin (Abu Salama)." Then Ibn 'Abbas
sent his slave, Kuraib to Um Salama to ask her
(regarding this matter). She replied. "The
husband of Subai 'a al Aslamiya was killed while
she was pregnant, and she delivered a baby forty
days after his death. Then her hand was asked in
marriage and Allah's Apostle married her (to
somebody). Abu As-Sanabil was one of those
who asked for her hand in marriage".
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 433:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
If someone says to his wife, "You are unlawful to
me." he must make an expiation (for his oath).
Ibn 'Abbas added: There is for you in Allah's
Apostle, an excellent example to follow.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 434:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle used to drink honey in the house
of Zainab, the daughter of Jahsh, and would stay
there with her. So Hafsa and I agreed secretly

that, if he come to either of us, she would say to

him. "It seems you have eaten Maghafir (a kind

of bad-smelling resin), for I smell in you the smell

of Maghafir," (We did so) and he replied. "No,
but I was drinking honey in the house of Zainab,
the daughter of Jahsh, and I shall never take it
again. I have taken an oath as to that, and you
should not tell anybody about it."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 435:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
For the whole year I had the desire to ask 'Umar
bin Al-Khattab regarding the explanation of a
Verse (in Surat Al-Tahrim) but I could not ask
him because I respected him very much. When
he went to perform the Hajj, I too went along
with him. On our return, while we were still on
the way home. 'Umar went aside to answer the

call of nature by the Arak trees. I waited till he

finished and then I proceeded with him and
asked him. "O chief of the Believers! Who were
the two wives of the Prophet who aided one
another against him?" He said, "They were Hafsa
and 'Aisha." Then I said to him, "By Allah, I
wanted to ask you about this a year ago, but I
could not do so owing to my respect for you."
'Umar said, "Do not refrain from asking me. If
you think that I have knowledge (about a certain
matter), ask me; and if I know (something about

it), I will tell you." Then Umar added, "By Allah,

in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance we did not
pay attention to women until Allah revealed
regarding them what He revealed regarding them
and assigned for them what He has assigned.
Once while I was thinking over a certain matter,
my wife said, "I recommend that you do
so-and-so." I said to her, "What have you got to
do with the is matter? Why do you poke your
nose in a matter which I want to see fulfilled.?"
She said, How strange you are, O son of
Al-Khattab! You don't want to be argued with
whereas your daughter, Hafsa surely, argues with
Allah's Apostle so much that he remains angry
for a full day!" 'Umar then reported; how he at
once put on his outer garment and went to Hafsa
and said to her, "O my daughter! Do you argue
with Allah's Apostle so that he remains angry the
whole day?" H. afsa said, "By Allah, we argue
with him." 'Umar said, "Know that I warn you of
Allah's punishment and the anger of Allah's
Apostle . . . O my daughter! Don't be betrayed
by the one who is proud of her beauty because
of the love of Allah's Apostle for her (i.e.
'Aisha)." 'Umar addled, "Then I went out to Um
Salama's house who was one of my relatives,
and I talked to her. She said, O son of
Al-Khattab! It is rather astonishing that you

interfere in everything; you even want to interfere

between Allah's Apostle and his wives!' By
Allah, by her talk she influenced me so much that
I lost some of my anger. I left her (and went
home). At that time I had a friend from the Ansar
who used to bring news (from the Prophet) in
case of my absence, and I used to bring him the
news if he was absent. In those days we were
afraid of one of the kings of Ghassan tribe. We
heard that he intended to move and attack us, so
fear filled our hearts because of that. (One day)
my Ansari friend unexpectedly knocked at my
door, and said, "Open Open!' I said, 'Has the
king of Ghassan come?' He said, 'No, but
something worse; Allah's Apostle has isolated
himself from his wives.' I said, 'Let the nose of
'Aisha and Hafsa be stuck to dust (i.e.
humiliated)!' Then I put on my clothes and went
to Allah's Apostle's residence, and behold, he
was staying in an upper room of his to which he
ascended by a ladder, and a black slave of

Allah's Apostle was (sitting) on the first step. I

said to him, 'Say (to the Prophet ) 'Umar bin
Al-Khattab is here.' Then the Prophet admitted
me and I narrated the story to Allah's Apostle.
When I reached the story of Um Salama, Allah's
Apostle smiled while he was lying on a mat made
of palm tree leaves with nothing between him and
the mat. Underneath his head there was a leather
pillow stuffed with palm fibres, and leaves of a
saut tree were piled at his feet, and above his
head hung a few water skins. On seeing the
marks of the mat imprinted on his side, I wept.
He said.' 'Why are you weeping?' I replied, "O
Allah's Apostle! Caesar and Khosrau are leading
the life (i.e. Luxurious life) while you, Allah's

Apostle though you are, is living in destitute". The

Prophet then replied. 'Won't you be satisfied that

they enjoy this world and we the Hereafter?' "
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 436:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
I intended to ask 'Umar so I said, "Who were
those two ladies who tried to back each other
against the Prophet?" I hardly finished my speech
when he said, They were 'Aisha and Hafsa."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 437:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
I intended to ask 'Umar about those two ladies
who back each other against 'Allah's Apostle .
For one year I was seeking the opportunity to
ask this question, but in vain, until once when I
accompanied him for Hajj. While we were in
Zahran, 'Umar went to answer the call of nature
and told me to follow him with some water for
ablution. So I followed him with a container of
water and started pouring water for him. I found
it a good opportunity to ask him, so I said, "O
chief of the Believers! Who were those two
ladies who had backed each other (against the
Prophet)?" Before I could complete my question,
he replied, "They were 'Aisha and Hafsa."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 438:
Narrated 'Umar:
The wives of the Prophet out of their jealousy,
backed each other against the Prophet, so I said
to them, "It may be, if he divorced you all, that
Allah will give him, instead of you wives better
than you." So this Verse was revealed. (66.5)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 439:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
(regarding the Verse):-- 'Cruel after all that,

base-born (of illegitimate birth).' (68.13) It was

revealed in connection with a man from Quaraish
who had a notable sign (Zanamah) similar to the
notable sign which usually-hung on the neck of a
sheep (to recognize it).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 440:
Narrated Haritha bin Wahb Al-Khuzai:

I heard the Prophet saying. "May I tell you of the

people of Paradise? Every weak and poor
obscure person whom the people look down
upon but his oath is fulfilled by Allah when he
takes an oath to do something. And may I inform
you of the people of the Hell-Fire? They are all
those violent, arrogant and stubborn people."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 441:
Narrated Abu Said:

I heard the Prophet saying, "Allah will bring forth

the severest Hour, and then all the Believers, men

and women, will prostrate themselves before
Him, but there will remain those who used to
prostrate in the world for showing off and for
gaining good reputation. Such people will try to
prostrate (on the Day of Judgment) but their

back swill be as stiff as if it is one bone (a single

vertebra)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 442:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
All the idols which were worshipped by the
people of Noah were worshipped by the Arabs
later on. As for the idol Wadd, it was
worshipped by the tribe of Kalb at
Daumat-al-Jandal; Suwa' was the idol of (the
tribe of) Murad and then by Ban, Ghutaif at
Al-Jurf near Saba; Yauq was the idol of
Hamdan, and Nasr was the idol of Himyr, the
branch of Dhi-al-Kala.' The names (of the idols)
formerly belonged to some pious men of the
people of Noah, and when they died Satan
inspired their people to (prepare and place idols
at the places where they used to sit, and to call
those idols by their names. The people did so,
but the idols were not worshipped till those
people (who initiated them) had died and the
origin of the idols had become obscure,
whereupon people began worshipping them.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 443:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle went out along with a group of
his companions towards 'Ukaz Market. At that
time something intervened between the devils and
the news of the Heaven, and flames were sent
down upon them, so the devils returned. Their
fellow-devils said, "What is wrong with you? "
They said, "Something has intervened between us
and the news of the Heaven, and fires (flames)
have been shot at us." Their fellow-devils said,
"Nothing has intervened between you and the
news of the Heaven, but an important event has
happened. Therefore, travel all over the world,
east and west, and try to find out what has
happened." And so they set out and travelled all
over the world, east and west, looking for that
thing which intervened between them and the
news of the Heaven. Those of the devils who had
set out towards Tihama, went to Allah's Apostle
at Nakhla (a place between Mecca and Taif)
while he was on his way to Ukaz Market. (They
met him) while he was offering the Fajr prayer
with his companions. When they heard the Holy
Qur'an being recited (by Allah's Apostle), they

listened to it and said (to each other). This is the

thing which has intervened between you and the
news of the Heavens." Then they returned to
their people and said, "O our people! We have

really heard a wonderful recital (Qur'an). It gives

guidance to the right, and we have believed
therein. We shall not join in worship, anybody
with our Lord." (See 72.1-2) Then Allah
revealed to His Prophet (Surat al-Jinn):
'Say: It has been revealed to me that a group (3

to 9) of Jinns listened (to the Qur'an).' (72.1) The

statement of the Jinns was revealed to him .
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 444:
Narrated Yahya bin Abi Kathir:
I asked Aba Salama bin 'Abdur-Rahman about
the first Sura revealed of the Qur'an. He replied
"O you, wrapped-up (i.e. Al Muddaththir)." I
said, "They say it was, 'Read, in the Name of
your Lord Who created,' (i.e. Surat Al-'Alaq
(the Clot)." On that, Abu Salama said, "I asked

Jabir bin 'Abdullah about that, saying the same as

you have said, whereupon he said, 'I will not tell

you except what Allah's Apostle had told us.
Allah's Apostle said, "I was in seclusion in the
cave of Hiram', and after I completed the limited
period of my seclusion. I came down (from the
cave) and heard a voice calling me. I looked to
my right, but saw nothing. Then I looked up and
saw something. So I went to Khadija (the
Prophet's wife) and told her to wrap me up and
pour cold water on me. So they wrapped me up
and poured cold water on me." Then, 'O you,
(Muhammad) wrapped up! Arise and warn,'
(Surat Al Muddaththir) was revealed." (74.1)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 445:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "I was in a seclusion in the
cave of Hira........."(similar to the narration
related by 'Ali bin Al-Mubarak, 444 above).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 446:
Narrated Yahya: I asked Aba Salama, "Which
Sura of the Qur'an was revealed first?" He
replied, "O you, wrapped-up' (Al-Muddaththir)."
I said, "I have been informed that it was, 'Read,

in the Name of your Lord who created........ (i.e.

Surat Al-Alaq).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 447:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
I heard the Prophet describing the period of
pause of the Divine Inspiration. He said in his
talk, "While I was walking, I heard voices from
the sky. I looked up, and behold ! I saw the
same Angel who came to me in the cave of Hira'

sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth. I

was too much afraid of him (so I returned to my
house) and said, 'Fold me up in garments!' They
wrapped me up. Then Allah revealed: 'O you
wrapped...and desert the idols before the prayer
became compulsory.' Rujz means idols.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 448:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
That he heard Allah's Apostle describing the
period of pause of the Divine Inspiration, and in
his description he said, "While I was walking I
heard a voice from the sky. I looked up towards
the sky, and behold! I saw the same Angel who

came to me in the Cave of Hira', sitting on a chair

between the sky and the earth. I was so terrified
by him that I fell down on the ground. Then I
went to my wife and said, 'Wrap me in garments!
Wrap me in garments!' They wrapped me, and
then Allah revealed:
"O you, (Muhammad) wrapped-up! Arise and
warn...and desert the idols." (74.1-5) Abu
Salama said....Rujz means idols." After that, the
Divine Inspiration started coming more frequently
and regularly.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 449:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet used to move his tongue when the
divine Inspiration was being revealed to him.
(Sufyan, a subnarrator, demonstrated (how the
Prophet used to move his lips) and added. "In
order to memorize it." So Allah revealed: "Move
not your tongue concerning (the Quran) to make
haste therewith." (75.16)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 450:
Narrated Musa bin Abi Aisha:
That he asked Said bin Jubair regarding (the
statement of Allah). 'Move not your tongue
concerning (the Quran) to make haste therewith.'
He said, "Ibn 'Abbas said that the Prophet used
to move his lips when the Divine Inspiration was
being revealed to him. So the Prophet was
ordered not to move his tongue, which he used
to do, lest some words should escape his

memory. 'It is for Us to collect it' means, We will

collect it in your chest;' and its recitation' means,

We will make you recite it. 'But when We recite
it (i.e. when it is revealed to you), follow its

recital; it is for Us to explain it and make it clear,'

(i.e. We will explain it through your tongue).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 451:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
(as regards) Allah's Statement:
"Move not your tongue concerning (the Quran)
to make haste therewith." (75.16)
When Gabriel revealed the Divine Inspiration in
Allah's Apostle , he (Allah's Apostle) moved his
tongue and lips, and that state used to be very
hard for him, and that movement indicated that
revelation was taking place. So Allah revealed in
Surat Al-Qiyama which begins:
'I do swear by the Day of Resurrection...' (75)
the Verses:--
'Move not your tongue concerning (the Quran) to
make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it
(Quran) in your mind, and give you the ability to
recite it by heart. (75.16-17) Ibn Abbas added:

It is for Us to collect it (Qur'an) (in your mind),

and give you the ability to recite it by heart
means, "When We reveal it, listen. Then it is for

Us to explain it," means, 'It is for us to explain it

through your tongue.' So whenever Gabriel came
to Allah's Apostle ' he would keep quiet (and
listen), and when the Angel left, the Prophet
would recite that revelation as Allah promised
him.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 452:
Narrated Abdullah:
We were with the Prophet when Surat
Wal-Mursalat was revealed to him. While we
were receiving it from his mouth, a snake
suddenly came and we ran to kill it, but it
outstripped us and entered its hole quickly.

Allah's le said, "It has escaped your evil, and you

too, have escaped its evil."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 453:
Narrated Abdullah:
(Similarly--as no. 452 above.)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 454:
Narrated Abdullah:
While we were with Allah's Apostle in a cave,
Surat "Wal Mursalat" was revealed to him and
we received it directly from his mouth as soon as
he had received the revelation. Suddenly a snake
came out and Allah's Apostle said, "Get at it and

kill it!" We ran to kill it but it outstripped us.

Allah's Apostle said, "It has escaped your evil, as

you too, have escaped its."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 455:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
(as regards the explanation of Hadith 454).
'Indeed, it (Hell) throws about sparks (huge) as
Forts.' We used to collect wood in the form of
logs, three cubits long or shorter. for heating
purposes in winter., and we used to call such
wood, the Qasr.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 456:
Narrated Abdullah:
While we were with the Prophet in a cave, Surat
wal-Mursalat was revealed to him and he recited

it, and I heard it directly from his mouth as soon

as he recited its revelation. Suddenly a snake
sprang at us, and the Prophet said, "Kill it!" We

ran to kill it but it escaped quickly. The Prophet

said. "It has escaped your evil, and you too have
escaped its evil."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 457:
Narrated Al--Amash:
Abu Huraira said, "Allah's Apostle said,
'Between the two sounds of the trumpet, there
will be forty." Somebody asked Abu Huraira,
"Forty days?" But he refused to reply. Then he
asked, "Forty months?" He refused to reply.
Then he asked, "Forty years?" Again, he refused
to reply. Abu Huraira added. "Then (after this
period) Allah will send water from the sky and
then the dead bodies will grow like vegetation
grows, There is nothing of the human body that

does not decay except one bone; that is the little

bone at the end of the coccyx of which the
human body will be recreated on the Day of
Resurrection." (See Hadith No. 338)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 458:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
I saw Allah's Apostle pointing with his index and
middle fingers, saying. "The time of my Advent
and the Hour are like these two fingers." The
Great Catastrophe will overwhelm everything.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 459:
Narrated Aisha:
The Prophet said, "Such a person as recites the
Quran and masters it by heart, will be with the
noble righteous scribes (in Heaven). And such a

person exerts himself to learn the Quran by heart,

and recites it with great difficulty, will have a
double reward."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 460:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
The Prophet said, "On the Day when all mankind
will stand before the Lord of the Worlds, some

of them will be enveloped in their sweat up to the

middle of their ears."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 461:
Narrated Aisha:
I heard the Prophet saying...
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 462:
Narrated 'Aisha:
I heard the Prophet saying...
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 463:
Narrated Aisha:
Allah's Apostle said," (On the Day of
Resurrection) any one whose account will be

taken will be ruined (i.e. go to Hell)." I said, "O

Allah's Apostle! May Allah make me be
sacrificed for you. Doesn't Allah say:
"Then as for him who will be given his record in
his right hand, he surely will receive an easy
reckoning.?" (84.7-8) He replied, "That is only
the presentation of the accounts; but he whose
record is questioned, will be ruined."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 464:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
(as regards the Verse):--'You shall surely travel
from stage to stage (in this life and in the

Hereafter).' (It means) from one state to another.

That concerns your Prophet.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 465:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The first of the companions of the Prophet who
came to us (in Medina), were Mus'ab bin 'Umar
and Ibn Um Maktum, and they started teaching
us the Qur'an. Then came 'Ammar, Bilal and
Sad. Afterwards 'Umar bin Al-Kkattab came

along with a batch of twenty (men): and after that

the Prophet came. I never saw the people of
Medina so pleased with anything as they were

with his arrival, so that even the little boys and

girls were saying, "This is Allah's Apostle who
has come." He (the Prophet ) did not come (to
Medina) till I had learnt Surat Al-Ala and also
other similar Suras.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 466:
Narrated Abdullah bin Zama:
That he heard the Prophet delivering a sermon,
and he mentioned the shecamel and the one who
hamstrung it. Allah's Apostle recited:--
'When, the most wicked man among them went
forth (to hamstrung the she-camel).' (91.12.)
Then he said, "A tough man whose equal was
rare and who enjoyed the protection of his
people, like Abi Zama went forth to (hamstrung)
it." The Prophet then mentioned about the
women (in his sermon). "It is not wise for anyone

of you to lash his wife like a slave, for he might

sleep with her the same evening." Then he
advised them not to laugh when somebody
breaks wind and said, "Why should anybody
laugh at what he himself does?"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 467:
Narrated Alqama:
I went to Sham with a group of the companions
of 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud). Abu Ad-Darda' heard

of our arrival so he came to us and said, "Is there

anybody among you who can recite (Qur'an)"
We replied in the affirmative. Then he asked,
"Who is the best reciter?" They pointed at me.
Then he told me to recite, so I recited the
verse:--
'By the night as it envelops 'By the day as it
appears in brightness; By (Him Who created)
male and the female.' (92.1-3) Abu Ad-Darda'

then said to me, "Did you hear it (like this) from

the mouth of your friend ('Abdullah bin

Mas'ud)?" I said, "Yes." He said, "I too, heard it

(like this) from the mouth of the Prophet, but

these people do not consider this recitation as the

correct one."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 468:
Narrated Ibrahim:
The companions of 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) came
to Abu Darda', (and before they arrived at his
home), he looked for them and found them. Then
he asked them,: 'Who among you can recite
(Qur'an) as 'Abdullah recites it?" They replied,
"All of us." He asked, "Who among you knows it
by heart?" They pointed at 'Alqama. Then he
asked Alqama. "How did you hear 'Abdullah bin
Mas'ud reciting Surat Al-Lail (The Night)?"
Alqama recited:
'By the male and the female.' Abu Ad-Darda

said, "I testify that I heard me Prophet reciting it

likewise, but these people want me to recite it:--

'And by Him Who created male and female.' but
by Allah, I will not follow them."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 469:
Narrated 'Ali:
We were in the company of the Prophet in a
funeral procession at Baqi Al-Gharqad. He said,
"There is none of you but has his place written
for him in Paradise or in the Hell- Fire." They
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall we depend (on
this fact and give up work)?" He said, "Carry on
doing (good deeds), for every body will find it
easy to do (what will lead him to his destined
place)." Then he recited:
'As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his
duty to Allah, and believes in the Best reward
from Allah (i.e. Allah will compensate him for
what he will spend in Allah's way). So, We will
make smooth for him the path of ease. But he
who is a greedy miser....for him, the path for
evil.' (92.5-10)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 470:
Narrated Abu Abdur-Rahman:

'Ali said, "We were sitting with the Prophet," (He

then mentioned the Hadith above (469).
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 471:
Narrated 'Ali:
While the Prophet was in a funeral procession,
he took a small stick and started scraping the
earth with it and said, "There is none among you

but has his place written for him, either in the Hell

Fire or in Paradise." They (the people) said,
"Allah's Apostle! Shall we depend on this (and
leave work)?" He replied. "Carry on doing (good
deeds), for everybody will find easy (to do) such

deeds as will lead him to his destined place." The

Prophet then recited:--
'As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his
duty to Allah, and believes in the Best
Reward.'.....(92.5-10)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 472:
Narrated Ali:
We were in the company of the Prophet and he
said, "There is none among you but has his place
written for him, either in Paradise or in the
Hell-Fire." We said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall
we depend (on this fact and give up work)?" He
replied, "No! Carry on doing good deeds, for
everybody will find easy (to do) such deeds as
will lead him to his destined place." Then the
Prophet recited: 'As for him who gives (in

charity) and keeps his duty to Allah, and believes

in the Best reward. We will make smooth for him
the path of ease....the path for evil.' (92.5-10)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 473:
Narrated 'Ali:
While we were in a funeral procession in Baqi
Al-Gharqad, Allah's Apostle came and sat
down, and we sat around him. He had a small

stick in his hand and he bent his head and started

scraping the ground with it. He then said, "There
is none among you, and no created soul but has

his place written for him either in Paradise or in

the Hell-Fire, and also has his happy or

miserable fate (in the Hereafter) written for him."

A man said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall we
depend upon what is written for us and give up
doing (good) deeds? For whoever among us is
destined to be fortunate (in the Hereafter), will
join the fortunate peoples and whoever among us
is destined to be miserable will do such deeds as
are characteristic of the people who are destined
to misery." The Prophet said, "Those who are

destined to be happy (in the Hereafter) will find it

easy and pleasant to do the deeds characteristic
of those destined to happiness, while those who
are to be among the miserable (in the Hereafter),

will find it easy to do the deeds characteristic of

those destined to misery." Then he recited: 'As
for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty
to Allah and believes in the Best reward from
Allah, We will make smooth for him the path of
ease. But he who is a greedy miser and thinks

himself self sufficient, and gives the lie to the Best

reward from Allah we will make smooth for him
the path for evil.' (92.5-10)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 474:
Narrated Ali:
While the Prophet was in a funeral procession.
he picked up something and started scraping the
ground with it, and said, "There is none among

you but has his place written for him either in the

Hell Fire or in Paradise." They said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Shall we not depend upon what has
been written for us and give up deeds? He said,
"Carry on doing (good) deeds, for everybody

will find easy to do such deeds as will lead him to

his destined place for which he has been created.
So he who is destined to be among the happy (in
the Hereafter), will find it easy to do the deeds
characteristic of such people, while he who is
destined to be among the miserable ones, will

find it easy to do the deeds characteristic of such

people." Then he recited:

'As for him who gives (in charity) and fears Allah,

and believes in the best....' (92.5-10)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 475:
Narrated Jundub bin Sufyan:
Once Allah's Apostle became sick and could not

offer his night prayer (Tahajjud) for two or three

nights. Then a lady (the wife of Abu Lahab)
came and said, "O Muhammad! I think that your
Satan has forsaken you, for I have not seen him
with you for two or three nights!" On that Allah
revealed:
'By the fore-noon, and by the night when it
darkens, your Lord (O Muhammad) has neither
forsaken you, nor hated you.' (93.1-3)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 476:
Narrated Jundub Al-Bajali:
A lady said, "O Allah's Apostle! I see that your
friend has delayed. (in conveying Quran) to you."
So there was revealed: 'Your Lord (O
Muhammad) has neither forsaken you, not hated
you.' (93.1-3)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 477:
Narrated Al-Bara:
While the Prophet was on a journey, he recited

Surat At-Tini waz-Zaituni (95) in one of the first

two Rakat of the Isha prayer.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 478:
Narrated Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) The commencement (of
the Divine Inspiration) to Allah's Apostle was in

the form of true dreams in his sleep, for he never

had a dream but it turned out to be true and clear

as the bright daylight. Then he began to like
seclusions, so he used to go in seclusion in the
cave of Hira where he used to worship Allah
continuously for many nights before going back
to his family to take the necessary provision (of
food) for the stay. He come back to (his wife)
Khadija again to take his provision (of food)
likewise, till one day he received the Guidance
while he was in the cave of Hira. An Angel came
to him and asked him to read. Allah's Apostle
replied, "I do not know how to read." The
Prophet added, "Then the Angel held me
(forcibly) and pressed me so hard that I felt
distressed. Then he released me and again asked
me to read, and I replied, 'I do not know how to
read.' Thereupon he held me again and pressed
me for the second time till I felt distressed. He
then released me and asked me to read, but
again I replied. 'I do not know how to read.'
Thereupon he held me for the third time and
pressed me till I got distressed, and then he
released me and said, 'Read, in the Name of
your Lord Who has created (all that exists), has
created man out of a clot, Read! And your Lord
is the Most Generous. Who has taught (the
writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he
knew not." (96.1-5).
Then Allah's Apostle returned with that
experience; and the muscles between his neck
and shoulders were trembling till he came upon
Khadija (his wife) and said, "Cover me!" They
covered him, and when the state of fear was
over, he said to Khadija, "O Khadija! What is
wrong with me? I was afraid that something bad
might happen to me." Then he told her the story.
Khadija said, "Nay! But receive the good tidings!
By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you, for by
Allah, you keep good relations with your Kith
and kin, speak the truth, help the poor and the
destitute, entertain your guests generously and
assist those who are stricken with calamities."
Khadija then took him to Waraqa bin Naufil, the
son of Khadija's paternal uncle. Waraqa had
been converted to Christianity in the Pre-lslamic
Period and used to write Arabic and write of the
Gospel in Arabic as much as Allah wished him to
write. He was an old man and had lost his
eyesight. Khadija said (to Waraqa), "O my
cousin! Listen to what your nephew is going to
say." Waraqa said, "O my nephew! What have
you seen?" The Prophet then described whatever
he had seen. Waraqa said, "This is the same
Angel (Gabriel) who was sent to Moses. I wish I
were young." He added some other statement.
Allah's Apostle asked, "Will these people drive
me out?" Waraqa said, "Yes, for nobody brought
the like of what you have brought, but was

treated with hostility. If I were to remain alive till

your day (when you start preaching). then I
would support you strongly." But a short while
later Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was
paused (stopped) for a while so that Allah's
Apostle was very much grieved.
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: While Allah's
Apostle was talking about the period of pause in

revelation. he said in his narration. "Once while I

was walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from
the sky. I looked up and saw to my surprise, the
same Angel as had visited me in the cave of
Hira.' He was sitting on a chair between the sky
and the earth. I got afraid of him and came back
home and said, Wrap me! Wrap me!" So they
covered him and then Allah revealed:
'O you, wrapped up! Arise and warn and your
Lord magnify, and your garments purify and
dessert the idols.' (74.1-5)
Abu Salama said, "(Rijz) are the idols which the
people of the Pre-lslamic period used to

worship." After this the revelation started coming

frequently and regularly.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 479:
Narrated Aisha:
The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to
Allah's Apostle was in the form of true dreams.
The Angel came to him and said, "Read, in the
Name of your Lord Who has created (all that
exists), has created man a clot. Read! And your
Lord is Most Generous" ..(96.1,2,3)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 480:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The commencement of (the Divine Inspirations
to) Allah's Apostle was in the form of true
dreams. The Angel came to him and said, "Read!
In the Name of your Lord Who has created all
exists), has created man from a clot. Read! And
your Lord is Most Generous, Who has taught

(the writing) by the pen (the first person to write

was Prophet Idris. (96.1-4)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 481:
Narrated Aisha:
The Prophet returned to Khadija and said,
"Wrap me! Wrap me!" (Then the sub-narrator
narrated the rest of the narration.)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 482:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Abu Jahl said, "If I see Muhammad praying at
the Ka'ba, I will tread on his neck." When the

Prophet heard of that, he said, "If he does so, the

Angels will snatch him away."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 483:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said to Ubai (bin Ka'b). "Allah has
ordered me to recite to you:--'Those who
disbelieve among the people of the Scripture and
among the idolators are not going to stop (from

their disbelief.') (Sura 98) Ubai said, "Did Allah

mention me by name?" The Prophet said, "Yes."
On that, Ubai wept.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 484:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said to Ubai, "Allah has ordered me
recite Quran to you." Ubai asked, "Did Allah
mention me by name to you?" The Prophet said,
"Allah has mentioned your name to me." On that
Ubai started weeping. (The sub-narrator)
Qatada added: I have been informed that the
Prophet recited: 'Those who disbelieve among
the people of the Scripture," ...to Ubai.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 485:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Prophet said to Ubai bin Ka'b, "Allah has
ordered me to recite Quran to you." Ubai said,
"Did Allah mention me by name to you?" The
Prophet said, "Yes." Ubai said, "Have I been
mentioned by the Lord of the Worlds?" The
Prophet said, "Yes." Then Ubai burst into tears.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 486:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle said, " Horses are kept for one of

three purposes: A man may keep them (for
Allah's Cause) to receive a reward in the
Hereafter; another may keep them as a means of
protection; and a third may keep them to be a
burden for him. As for the man for whom the
horse is a source of reward, he is the one who

ties it for Allah's Cause, and he ties it with a long

rope in a pasture or a garden, then, whatever it
eats or drinks in that pasture or garden will be
added to his good deeds. And if it breaks its

rope and jumps over one or two hills, then, for all

its footsteps and its manure, good deeds will be
written for him. And if it passes by a river and
drinks of its water though its owner had no

intention to water it from that river, even then he

will have good deeds written for him. So that
horse will be (a source of) reward for such a
man.

If a man ties a horse for earning his livelihood and

abstaining from asking others for help and he

does not forget Allah's right, i.e. pays its Zakat

and gives it to be used in Allah's Cause, then that

horse will be a means of protection for him. But if

a man ties it out of pride and to show off and to

excite others, then that horse will be a burden (of

sins) for him." Then Allah's Apostle was asked
regarding donkeys. He replied, "Nothing has
been revealed to me except this comprehensive
Verse which includes everything:
'So whoever does good equal to the weight of an

atom (or a smallest ant) shall see it; and whoever

does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a
smallest ant) shall see it.' (99.7-8)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 487:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet was asked about donkeys and he
replied, "Nothing has been revealed to me
regarding donkeys except this comprehensive
Verse which includes everything:
"So whoever does good equal to the weight of
an atom (or a smallest ant) shall see it; And
whoever, does evil equal to the weight of an
atom or a smallest ant) shall see it.' (99.7-8)
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 488:
Narrated Anas:
When the Prophet was made to ascend to the
Heavens, he said (after his return), "I came upon
a river the banks of which were made of tents of
hollow pearls. I asked Gabriel. What is this
(river?' He replied, 'This is the Kauthar.'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 489:
Narrated Abu Ubaida:
I asked 'Aisha 'regarding the verse:--'Verily we
have granted you the Kauthar.' She replied, "The
Kauthar is a river which has been given to your
Prophet on the banks of which there are (tents
of) hollow pearls and its utensils are as
numberless as the stars."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 490:
Narrated Abu Bishr:
Said bin Jubair said that Ibn 'Abbas said about
Al-Kauthar. "That is the good which Allah has
bestowed upon His Apostle." I said to Sa'id bin

Jubair. "But the people claim that it is a river in

Paradise." Said said, "The river in Paradise is
part of the good which Allah has bestowed on
His Apostle."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 491:
Narrated Aisha:
"When the "Surat-An-Nasr", 'When comes the
Help of Allah and the conquest,' had been
revealed to the Prophet he did not offer any
prayer except that he said therein, "Subhanka
Rabbana wa bihamdika; Allahumma ighfirli (I
testify the Uniqueness of our Lord, and all the
praises are for Him: O Allah, forgive me!")
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 492:
Narrated Aisha:
Allah's Apostle used to say very often in bowing
and prostration (during his prayers), Subhanka
Allahumma Rabbana wa bihamdika; Allahumma
ighfirli," according to the order of the Qur'an.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 493:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
'Umar asked the people regarding Allah's
Statement:
'When comes the Help of Allah (to you O
Muhammad against your enemies) and the
conquest of Mecca.' (110.1) They replied, "It
indicates the future conquest of towns and
palaces (by Muslims)." 'Umar said, "What do

you say about it, O Ibn 'Abbas?" I replied, "(This

Surat) indicates the termination of the life of
Muhammad. Through it he was informed of the
nearness of his death."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 494:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
'Umar used to make me sit with the elderly men
who had fought in the Battle of Badr. Some of

them felt it (did not like that) and said to 'Umar

"Why do you bring in this boy to sit with us while

we have sons like him?" Umar replied, "Because

of what you know of his position (i.e. his religious

knowledge.)" One day 'Umar called me and
made me sit in the gathering of those people; and
I think that he called me just to show them. (my
religious knowledge). 'Umar then asked them (in
my presence). "What do you say about the
interpretation of the Statement of Allah:
'When comes Help of Allah (to you O,
Muhammad against your enemies) and the
conquest (of Mecca).' (110.1) Some of them
said, "We are ordered to praise Allah and ask
for His forgiveness when Allah's Help and the
conquest (of Mecca) comes to us." Some others
kept quiet and did not say anything. On that,
'Umar asked me, "Do you say the same, O Ibn
'Abbas?" I replied, "No." He said, 'What do you

say then?" I replied, "That is the sign of the death

of Allah's Apostle which Allah informed him of.
Allah said:--
'(O Muhammad) When comes the Help of Allah
(to you against your enemies) and the conquest
(of Mecca) (which is the sign of your death).
You should celebrate the praises of your Lord
and ask for His Forgiveness, and He is the One
Who accepts the repentance and forgives.'
(110.3) On that 'Umar said, "I do not know
anything about it other than what you have said."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 495:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When the Verse:-- 'And warn your tribe of near
kindred.' (26.214) was revealed. Allah's Apostle
went out, and when he had ascended As-Safa
mountain, he shouted, "O Sabahah!" The people
said, "Who is that?" "Then they gathered around
him, whereupon he said, "Do you see? If I inform
you that cavalrymen are proceeding up the side

of this mountain, will you believe me?" They said,

"We have never heard you telling a lie." Then he
said, "I am a plain warner to you of a coming
severe punishment." Abu Lahab said, "May you
perish! You gathered us only for this reason? "
Then Abu Lahab went away. So the
"Surat:--ul--LAHAB" 'Perish the hands of Abu
Lahab!' (111.1) was revealed.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 496:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet went out towards Al-Batha' and
ascended the mountain and shouted, "O
Sabahah!" So the Quraish people gathered
around him. He said, "Do you see? If I tell you
that an enemy is going to attack you in the
morning or in the evening, will you believe me?"
They replied, "Yes." He said, "Then I am a plain
warner to you of a coming severe punishment."
Abu Lahab said, "Is it for this reason that you
have gathered us? May you perish ! " Then Allah
revealed: 'Perish the hands of Abu Lahab!'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 497:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Abu Lahab said, "May you perish! Is it' for this
that you have gathered us?" So there was
revealed:-- 'Parish the hands of Abu Lahab'
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 498:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Allah said: 'The son of Adam

tells a lie against Me,, though he hasn't the right

to do so. He abuses me though he hasn't the right

to do so. As for his telling a lie against Me, it is

his saying that I will not recreate him as I created

him for the first time. In fact, the first creation

was not easier for Me than new creation. As for
his abusing Me, it is his saying that Allah has
begotten children, while I am the One, the
Self-Sufficient Master Whom all creatures need,

I beget not, nor was I begotten, and there is none

like unto Me."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 499:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said:-- 'The son of

Adam tells a lie against Me and he hasn't the right

to do so; and he abuses me and he hasn't the

right to do so. His telling a lie against Me is his

saying that I will not recreate him as I created
him for the first time; and his abusing Me is his
saying that Allah has begotten children, while I
am the self-sufficient Master, Whom all creatures
need, Who begets not nor was He begotten, and
there is none like unto Me."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 500:
Narrated Zirr bin Hubaish:
I asked Ubai bin Ka'b regarding the two
Muwwidhat (Surats of taking refuge with Allah).
He said, "I asked the Prophet about them, He
said, 'These two Surats have been recited to me
and I have recited them (and are present in the

Quran).' So, we say as Allah's Apostle said (i.e.,

they are part of the Quran"
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 501:
Narrated Zirr bin Hubaish:
I asked Ubai bin Ka'b, "O Abu AlMundhir!
Your brother, Ibn Mas'ud said so-and-so (i.e.,
the two Mu'awwidh-at do not belong to the
Quran)." Ubai said, "I asked Allah's Apostle
about them, and he said, 'They have been
revealed to me, and I have recited them (as a
part of the Quran)," So Ubai added, "So we say
as Allah's Apostle has said."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 61:
Virtues of the Qur'an
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 502:
Narrated 'Aisha and Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet remained in Mecca for ten years,
during which the Qur'an used to be revealed to
him; and he stayed in Medina for ten years.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 503:
Narrated Abu 'Uthman:
I was informed that Gabriel came to the Prophet
while Um Salama was with him. Gabriel started
talking (to the Prophet). Then the Prophet asked
Um Salama, "Who is this?" She replied, "He is
Dihya (al-Kalbi)." When Gabriel had left, Um
Salama said, "By Allah, I did not take him for
anybody other than him (i.e. Dihya) till I heard
the sermon of the Prophet wherein he informed
about the news of Gabriel." The subnarrator
asked Abu 'Uthman: From whom have you
heard that? Abu 'Uthman said: From Usama bin
Zaid.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 504:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Every Prophet was given
miracles because of which people believed, but
what I have been given, is Divine Inspiration
which Allah has revealed to me. So I hope that
my followers will outnumber the followers of the
other Prophets on the Day of Resurrection."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 505:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah sent down His Divine Inspiration to His
Apostle continuously and abundantly during the
period preceding his death till He took him unto
Him. That was the period of the greatest part of
revelation; and Allah's Apostle died after that.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 506:
Narrated Jundub:
Once the Prophet fell ill and did not offer the

night prayer (Tahajjud prayer) for a night or two.

A woman (the wife of Abu Lahab) came to him
and said, "O Muhammad ! I do not see but that
your Satan has left you." Then Allah revealed
(Surat-Ad-Duha):
'By the fore-noon, and by the night when it
darkens (or is still); Your Lord has not forsaken
you, nor hated you.' (93)
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 507:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
(The Caliph 'Uthman ordered Zaid bin Thabit,
Said bin Al-As, 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair and
'Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham to
write the Quran in the form of a book (Mushafs)
and said to them. "In case you disagree with Zaid
bin Thabit (Al-Ansari) regarding any dialectic

Arabic utterance of the Quran, then write it in the

dialect of Quraish, for the Quran was revealed in
this dialect." So they did it.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 508:
Narrated Safwan bin Ya'la bin Umaiya:
Ya'la used to say, "I wish I could see Allah's

Apostle at the time he is being inspired Divinely."

When the Prophet was at Al-Ja'rana and was
shaded by a garment hanging over him and some
of his companions were with him, a man
perfumed with scent came and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! What is your opinion regarding a man
who assumes Ihram and puts on a cloak after
perfuming his body with scent?" The Prophet
waited for a while, and then the Divine
Inspiration descended upon him. 'Umar pointed
out to Ya'la, telling him to come. Ya'la came and
pushed his head (underneath the screen which
was covering the Prophet ) and behold! The
Prophet's face was red and he kept on breathing
heavily for a while and then he was relieved.
Thereupon he said, "Where is the questioner who
asked me about 'Umra a while ago?" The man
was sought and then was brought before the
Prophet who said (to him), "As regards the scent
which you perfumed your body with, you must
wash it off thrice, and as for your cloak, you
must take it off; and then perform in your 'Umra
all those things which you perform in Hajj."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 509:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq sent for me when the
people! of Yamama had been killed (i.e., a
number of the Prophet's Companions who fought
against Musailama). (I went to him) and found
'Umar bin Al-Khattab sitting with him. Abu Bakr
then said (to me), "Umar has come to me and
said: "Casualties were heavy among the Qurra' of
the! Qur'an (i.e. those who knew the Quran by
heart) on the day of the Battle of Yalmama, and I
am afraid that more heavy casualties may take
place among the Qurra' on other battlefields,
whereby a large part of the Qur'an may be lost.
Therefore I suggest, you (Abu Bakr) order that
the Qur'an be collected." I said to 'Umar, "How
can you do something which Allah's Apostle did
not do?" 'Umar said, "By Allah, that is a good
project. "Umar kept on urging me to accept his
proposal till Allah opened my chest for it and I
began to realize the good in the idea which 'Umar
had realized." Then Abu Bakr said (to me). 'You
are a wise young man and we do not have any
suspicion about you, and you used to write the
Divine Inspiration for Allah's Apostle. So you

should search for (the fragmentary scripts of) the

Qur'an and collect it in one book)." By Allah If
they had ordered me to shift one of the
mountains, it would not have been heavier for me
than this ordering me to collect the Qur'an. Then
I said to Abu Bakr, "How will you do something
which Allah's Apostle did not do?" Abu Bakr
replied, "By Allah, it is a good project." Abu
Bakr kept on urging me to accept his idea until
Allah opened my chest for what He had opened
the chests of Abu Bakr and 'Umar. So I started
looking for the Qur'an and collecting it from
(what was written on) palmed stalks, thin white
stones and also from the men who knew it by
heart, till I found the last Verse of Surat
At-Tauba (Repentance) with Abi Khuzaima
Al-Ansari, and I did not find it with anybody
other than him. The Verse is:
'Verily there has come unto you an Apostle
(Muhammad) from amongst yourselves. It
grieves him that you should receive any injury or

difficulty..(till the end of Surat-Baraa' (At-Tauba)

(9.128-129) Then the complete manuscripts
(copy) of the Qur'an remained with Abu Bakr till

he died, then with 'Umar till the end of his life,

and then with Hafsa, the daughter of 'Umar.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 510:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman came to Uthman at the
time when the people of Sham and the people of
Iraq were Waging war to conquer Arminya and
Adharbijan. Hudhaifa was afraid of their (the
people of Sham and Iraq) differences in the
recitation of the Qur'an, so he said to 'Uthman,

"O chief of the Believers! Save this nation before

they differ about the Book (Quran) as Jews and
the Christians did before." So 'Uthman sent a
message to Hafsa saying, "Send us the
manuscripts of the Qur'an so that we may
compile the Qur'anic materials in perfect copies
and return the manuscripts to you." Hafsa sent it
to 'Uthman. 'Uthman then ordered Zaid bin
Thabit, 'Abdullah bin AzZubair, Said bin Al-As
and 'AbdurRahman bin Harith bin Hisham to
rewrite the manuscripts in perfect copies.
'Uthman said to the three Quraishi men, "In case
you disagree with Zaid bin Thabit on any point in

the Qur'an, then write it in the dialect of Quraish,

the Qur'an was revealed in their tongue." They
did so, and when they had written many copies,
'Uthman returned the original manuscripts to
Hafsa. 'Uthman sent to every Muslim province
one copy of what they had copied, and ordered
that all the other Qur'anic materials, whether
written in fragmentary manuscripts or whole
copies, be burnt. Said bin Thabit added, "A
Verse from Surat Ahzab was missed by me
when we copied the Qur'an and I used to hear

Allah's Apostle reciting it. So we searched for it

and found it with Khuzaima bin Thabit Al-Ansari.
(That Verse was): 'Among the Believers are men
who have been true in their covenant with Allah.'
(33.23)
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 511:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
Abu Bakr sent for me and said, "You used to

write the Divine Revelations for Allah's Apostle :

So you should search for (the Qur'an and collect)

it." I started searching for the Qur'an till I found

the last two Verses of Surat At-Tauba with Abi
Khuzaima Al-Ansari and I could not find these
Verses with anybody other than him. (They
were):
'Verily there has come unto you an Apostle
(Muhammad) from amongst yourselves. It
grieves him that you should receive any injury or
difficulty ...' (9.128-129)
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 512:
Narrated Al-Bara:
There was revealed: 'Not equal are those
believers who sit (at home) and those who strive
and fight in the Cause of Allah.' (4.95)
The Prophet said, "Call Zaid for me and let him
bring the board, the inkpot and the scapula bone
(or the scapula bone and the ink pot)."' Then he
said, "Write: 'Not equal are those Believers who
sit..", and at that time 'Amr bin Um Maktum, the
blind man was sitting behind the Prophet . He
said, "O Allah's Apostle! What is your order For
me (as regards the above Verse) as I am a blind
man?" So, instead of the above Verse, the
following Verse was revealed:
'Not equal are those believers who sit (at home)
except those who are disabled (by injury or are

blind or lame etc.) and those who strive and fight

in the cause of Allah.' (4.95)
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 513:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
Allah's Apostle said, "Gabriel recited the Qur'an
to me in one way. Then I requested him (to read
it in another way), and continued asking him to

recite it in other ways, and he recited it in several

ways till he ultimately recited it in seven different

ways."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 514:
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
I heard Hisham bin Hakim reciting Surat
Al-Furqan during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle

and I listened to his recitation and noticed that he

recited in several different ways which Allah's
Apostle had not taught me. I was about to jump
over him during his prayer, but I controlled my
temper, and when he had completed his prayer, I
put his upper garment around his neck and seized
him by it and said, "Who taught you this Sura
which I heard you reciting?" He replied, "Allah's

Apostle taught it to me." I said, "You have told a

lie, for Allah's Apostle has taught it to me in a
different way from yours." So I dragged him to
Allah's Apostle and said (to Allah's Apostle),

"I heard this person reciting Surat Al-Furqan in a

way which you haven't taught me!" On that
Allah's Apostle said, "Release him, (O 'Umar!)
Recite, O Hisham!" Then he recited in the same
way as I heard him reciting. Then Allah's Apostle
said, "It was revealed in this way," and added,
"Recite, O 'Umar!" I recited it as he had taught

me. Allah's Apostle then said, "It was revealed in

this way. This Qur'an has been revealed to be
recited in seven different ways, so recite of it
whichever (way) is easier for you (or read as
much of it as may be easy for you)."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 515:
Narrated Yusuf bin Mahk:
While I was with Aisha, the mother of the
Believers, a person from Iraq came and asked,
"What type of shroud is the best?" 'Aisha said,
"May Allah be merciful to you! What does it
matter?" He said, "O mother of the Believers!
Show me (the copy of) your Qur'an," She said,
"Why?" He said, "In order to compile and
arrange the Qur'an according to it, for people
recite it with its Suras not in proper order."

'Aisha said, "What does it matter which part of it

you read first? (Be informed) that the first thing

that was revealed thereof was a Sura from
Al-Mufassal, and in it was mentioned Paradise
and the Fire. When the people embraced Islam,

the Verses regarding legal and illegal things were

revealed. If the first thing to be revealed was: 'Do

not drink alcoholic drinks.' people would have

said, 'We will never leave alcoholic drinks,' and if

there had been revealed, 'Do not commit illegal
sexual intercourse, 'they would have said, 'We
will never give up illegal sexual intercourse.'
While I was a young girl of playing age, the
following Verse was revealed in Mecca to
Muhammad: 'Nay! But the Hour is their
appointed time (for their full recompense), and
the Hour will be more grievous and more bitter.'
(54.46) Sura Al-Baqara (The Cow) and Surat
An-Nisa (The Women) were revealed while I
was with him." Then 'Aisha took out the copy of
the Qur'an for the man and dictated to him the
Verses of the Suras (in their proper order) .
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 516:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud:
Surat Bani-lsrael, Al-Kahf (The Cave), Maryam,
Taha, Al-Anbiya' (The prophets) are amongst
my first earnings and my old property, and (in
fact) they are my old property.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 517:
Narrated Al-Bara':
I learnt, 'Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most
High' (Surat al-A'la) No 87, before the Prophet
came (to Medina) .
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 518:
Narrated Shaqiq:
Abdullah said, "I learnt An-Naza'ir which the
Prophet used to recite in pairs in each Rak'a."
Then Abdullah got up and Alqama accompanied
him to his house, and when Alqama came out,
we asked him (about those Suras). He said,
"They are twenty Suras that start from the
beginning of Al-Mufassal, according to the
arrangement done be Ibn Mas'ud, and end with
the Suras starting with Ha Mim, e.g. Ha Mim
(the Smoke). and "About what they question one
another?" (78.1)
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 519:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet was the most generous person, and
he used to become more so (generous)
particularly in the month of Ramadan because
Gabriel used to meet him every night of the
month of Ramadan till it elapsed. Allah's Apostle
used to recite the Qur'an for him. When Gabriel
met him, he used to become more generous than
the fast wind in doing good.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 520:
Narrated Abu-Huraira: Gabriel used to repeat

the recitation of the Qur'an with the Prophet once

a year, but he repeated it twice with him in the
year he died. The Prophet used to stay in I'tikaf
for ten days every year (in the month of
Ramadan), but
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 521:
Narrated Masriq:
'Abdullah bin 'Amr mentioned 'Abdullah bin

Masud and said, "I shall ever love that man, for I

heard the Prophet saying, 'Take (learn) the
Qur'an from four: 'Abdullah bin Masud, Salim,
Mu'adh and Ubai bin Ka'b.' "
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 522:
Narrated Shaqiq bin Salama:
Once 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud delivered a sermon
before us and said, "By Allah, I learnt over
seventy Suras direct from Allah's Apostle . By
Allah, the companions of the Prophet came to
know that I am one of those who know Allah's

Book best of all of them, yet I am not the best of

them." Shaqiq added: I sat in his religious
gathering and I did not hear anybody opposing
him (in his speech).
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 523:
Narrated 'Alqama:
While we were in the city of Hims (in Syria), Ibn
Mas'ud recited Surat Yusuf. A man said to him),
"It was not revealed in this way." Then Ibn
Mas'ud said, "I recited it in this way before
Allah's Apostle and he confirmed my recitation
by saying, 'Well done!' " Ibn Mas'ud detected
the smell of wine from the man's mouth, so he
said to him, "Aren't you ashamed of telling a lie
about Allah's Book and (along with this) you
drink alcoholic liquors too?" Then he lashed him
according to the law.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 524:
Narrated 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) : By Allah other
than Whom none has the right to be worshipped!
There is no Sura revealed in Allah's Book but I
know at what place it was revealed; and there is
no Verse revealed in Allah's Book but I know
about whom
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 525:
Narrated Qatada:
I asked Anas bin Malik: "Who collected the
Qur'an at the time of the Prophet ?" He replied,
"Four, all of whom were from the Ansar: Ubai
bin Ka'b, Mu'adh bin Jabal, Zaid bin Thabit and
Abu Zaid."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 526:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
When the Prophet died, none had collected the
Qur'an but four persons;: Abu Ad-Darda'.
Mu'adh bin Jabal, Zaid bin Thabit and Abu Zaid.
We were the inheritor (of Abu Zaid) as he had
no offspring .
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 527:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: 'Umar said, Ubai was the

best of us in the recitation (of the Qur'an) yet we

leave some of what he recites.' Ubai says, 'PI
have taken it from the mouth of Allah's Apostle
and will not leave for anything whatever." But
Allah said
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 528:
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Mu'alla:
While I was praying, the Prophet called me but I
did not respond to his call. Later I said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I was praying." He said, "Didn't
Allah say: 'O you who believe! Give your
response to Allah (by obeying Him) and to His
Apostle when he calls you'?" (8.24)
He then said, "Shall I not teach you the most
superior Surah in the Qur'an?" He said, '(It is),

'Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. ' (i.e.,

Surat Al-Fatiha) which consists of seven
repeatedly recited Verses and the Magnificent
Qur'an which was given to me."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 529:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
While we were on one of our journeys, we
dismounted at a place where a slave girl came
and said, "The chief of this tribe has been stung
by a scorpion and our men are not present; is
there anybody among you who can treat him (by
reciting something)?" Then one of our men went
along with her though we did not think that he
knew any such treatment. But he treated the chief
by reciting something, and the sick man
recovered whereupon he gave him thirty sheep
and gave us milk to drink (as a reward). When
he returned, we asked our friend, "Did you know
how to treat with the recitation of something?"
He said, "No, but I treated him only with the
recitation of the Mother of the Book (i.e.,
Al-Fatiha)." We said, "Do not say anything
(about it) till we reach or ask the Prophet so
when we reached Medina, we mentioned that to
the Prophet (in order to know whether the sheep
which we had taken were lawful to take or not).
The Prophet said, "How did he come to know
that it (Al-Fatiha) could be used for treatment?
Distribute your reward and assign for me one
share thereof as well."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 530:
Narrated Abu Mas'ud:
The Prophet said, "If somebody recited the last
two Verses of Surat Al-Baqara at night, that will
be sufficient for him."
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah 's Apostle ordered
me to guard the Zakat revenue of Ramadan.
Then somebody came to me and started stealing
of the foodstuff. I caught him and said, "I will
take you to Allah's Apostle!" Then Abu Huraira
described the whole narration and said:) That
person said (to me), "(Please don't take me to

Allah's Apostle and I will tell you a few words by

which Allah will benefit you.) When you go to
your bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi, (2.255) for then
there will be a guard from Allah who will protect
you all night long, and Satan will not be able to
come near you till dawn." (When the Prophet
heard the story) he said (to me), "He (who came

to you at night) told you the truth although he is a

liar; and it was Satan."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 531:
Narrated Al-Bara':
A man was reciting Surat Al-Kahf and his horse
was tied with two ropes beside him. A cloud
came down and spread over that man, and it
kept on coming closer and closer to him till his

horse started jumping (as if afraid of something).

When it was morning, the man came to the
Prophet, and told him of that experience. The
Prophet said, "That was As-Sakina (tranquility)
which descended because of (the recitation of)
the Qur'an."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 532:
Narrated Aslam:
Allah's Apostle was traveling on one of his
journeys, and 'Umar bin Al-Khattab was
traveling along with him at night. 'Umar asked
him about something, but Allah's Apostle I did
not answer him. He asked again, but he did not
answer. He asked for the third time!, but he did
not answer. On that, 'Umar said to himself, "May
your mother lose you! You have asked Allah's

Apostle three times, but he did not answer at all!"

Umar said, "So I made my camel go fast till I
was ahead of the people, and I was afraid that
something might be! revealed about me. After a

little while I heard a call maker calling me, I said,

'I was afraid that some Qur'anic Verse might be
revealed about me.' So I went to Allah's Apostle
and greeted him. He said, 'Tonight there has
been revealed to me a Surah which is dearer to
me than that on which the sun shines (i.e. the
world).' Then he recited: 'Verily! We have given
you (O Muhammad I, a manifest victory.' "
(Surat al-Fath) No. (48.1).
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 533:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
A man heard another man reciting
(Surat-Al-Ikhlas) 'Say He is Allah, (the) One.'
(112. 1) repeatedly. The next morning he came

to Allah's Apostle and informed him about it as if

he thought that it was not enough to recite. On
that Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose

Hand my life is, this Surah is equal to one-third of

the Qur'an!"
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: My brother,
Qatada bin An-Nau'man said, "A man
performed the night prayer late at night in the
lifetime of the Prophet and he read: 'Say: He is
Allah, (the) One,' (112.1) and read nothing
besides that. The next morning a man went to the
Prophet ,~ and told him about that . (The
Prophet replied the same as (in Hadith 532)
above.)
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 534:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said to his companions, "Is it

difficult for any of you to recite one third of the

Qur'an in one night?" This suggestion was difficult

for them so they said, "Who among us has the
power to do so, O Allah's Apostle?" Allah
Apostle replied: " Allah (the) One, the
Self-Sufficient Master Whom all creatures need.'
(Surat Al-Ikhlas 112.1--to the End) is equal to
one third of the Qur'an."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 535:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Whenever Allah's Apostle became sick, he
would recite Mu'awwidhat (Surat Al-Falaq and
Surat An-Nas) and then blow his breath over his
body. When he became seriously ill, I used to
recite (these two Suras) and rub his hands over
his body hoping for its blessings.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 536:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Whenever thy Prophet go went to bed every
night, he used to cup his hands together and blow
over it after reciting Surat Al-Ikhlas, Surat
Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas, and then rub his
hands over whatever parts of his body he was

able to rub, starting with his head, face and front

of his body. He used to do that three times.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 536t:
Narrated Usaid bin Hudair:
That while he was reciting Surat Al-Baqara (The
Cow) at night, and his horse was tied beside him,
the horse was suddenly startled and troubled.
When he stopped reciting, the horse became
quiet, and when he started again, the horse was
startled again. Then he stopped reciting and the
horse became quiet too. He started reciting again
and the horse was startled and troubled once
again. Then he stopped reciting and his son,
Yahya was beside the horse. He was afraid that
the horse might trample on him. When he took
the boy away and looked towards the sky, he
could not see it. The next morning he informed
the Prophet who said, "Recite, O Ibn Hudair!
Recite, O Ibn Hudair!" Ibn Hudair replied, "O
Allah's Apostle! My son, Yahya was near the
horse and I was afraid that it might trample on
him, so I looked towards the sky, and went to
him. When I looked at the sky, I saw something
like a cloud containing what looked like lamps,

so I went out in order not to see it." The Prophet

said, "Do you know what that was?" Ibn Hudair
replied, "No." The Prophet said, "Those were
Angels who came near to you for your voice and
if you had kept on reciting till dawn, it would
have remained there till morning when people
would have seen it as it would not have
disappear
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 537:
Narrated 'Abdul 'Aziz bin Rufai':
Shaddad bin Ma'qil and I entered upon Ibn
'Abbas. Shaddad bin Ma'qil asked him, "Did the
Prophet leave anything (besides the Qur'an)?" He

replied. "He did not leave anything except what is

Between the two bindings (of the Qur'an)." Then
we visited Muhammad bin Al-Hanafiyya and
asked him (the same question). He replied, "The
Prophet did not leave except what is between the
bindings (of the Qur'an)."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 538:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari:
The Prophet said, "The example of him (a

believer) who recites the Qur'an is like that of a

citron which tastes good and smells good. And
he (a believer) who does not recite the Qur'an is
like a date which is good in taste but has no
smell. And the example of a dissolute wicked
person who recites the Qur'an is like the Raihana

(sweet basil) which smells good but tastes bitter.

And the example of a dissolute wicked person
who does not recite the Qur'an is like the
colocynth which tastes bitter and has no smell.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 539:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "Your life in comparison to the
lifetime of the past nations is like the period
between the time of 'Asr prayer and sunset. Your
example and the example of the Jews and
Christians is that of person who employed
laborers and said to them, "Who will work for
me till the middle of the day for one Qirat (a
special weight)?' The Jews did. He then said,
"Who will work for me from the middle of the
day till the 'Asr prayer for one Qirat each?" The
Christians worked accordingly. Then you

(Muslims) are working from the bar prayer till the

Maghrib prayer for two Qirats each. They (the
Jews and the Christians) said, 'We did more
labor but took less wages.' He (Allah) said,
'Have I wronged you in your rights?' They
replied, 'No.' Then He said, 'This is My Blessing
which I give to whom I wish."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 540:
Narrated Talha:
I asked 'Abdullah bin Abi 'Aufa, "Did the
Prophet make a will (to appoint his successor or
bequeath wealth)?" He replied, "No." I said,
"How is it prescribed then for the people to
make wills, and they are ordered to do so while
the Prophet did not make any will?" He said, "He
made a will wherein he recommended Allah's
Book."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 541:
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said,
"Allah does not listen to a prophet as He listens
to a prophet who recites the Qur'an in a pleasant
tone." The companion of the sub-narrator (Abu
Salama) said, "It means, reciting it aloud."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 542:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet I said,
"Allah does not listen to a prophet as He listens
to a prophet who recites the Qur'an in a loud and

pleasant tone." Sufyan said, "This saying means: a

prophet who regards the Qur'an as something
that makes hi
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 543:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "Not to wish to be the like
except of two men. A man whom Allah has given
the knowledge of the Book and he recites it
during the hours of the night, and a man whom

Allah has given wealth, and he spends it in charity

during the night and the hours of the day."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 544:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle I said, "Not to wish to be the like

of except two men: A man whom Allah has
taught the Qur'an and he recites it during the
hours of the night and during the hours of the
day, and his neighbor listens to him and says, 'I
wish I had been given what has been given to
so-and-so, so that I might do what he does; and
a man whom Allah has given wealth and he
spends it on what is just and right, whereupon an
other man May say, 'I wish I had been given
what so-and-so has been given, for then I would
do what he does."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 545:
Narrated 'Uthman:
The Prophet said, "The best among you
(Muslims) are those who learn the Qur'an and
teach it."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 546:
Narrated Uthman bin Affan:
The Prophet said, "The most superior among you
(Muslims) are those who learn the Qur'an and
teach it."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 547:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
A lady came to the Prophet and declared that
she had decided to offer herself to Allah and His
Apostle. The Prophet said, "I am not in need of
women." A man said (to the Prophet) "Please
marry her to me." The Prophet said (to him),
"Give her a garment." The man said, "I cannot
afford it." The Prophet said, "Give her anything,
even if it were an iron ring." The man apologized
again. The Prophet then asked him, "What do
you know by heart of the Qur'an?" He replied, "I
know such-and-such portion of the Qur'an (by
heart)." The Prophet said, "Then I marry her to
you for that much of the Qur'an which you know
by heart."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 548:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
A lady came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I have come to you to offer
myself to you." He raised his eyes and looked at
her and then lowered his head. When the lady
saw that he did not make any decision, she sat
down. On that, a man from his companions got

up and said. "O Allah's Apostle! If you are not in

need of this woman, then marry her to me."
Allah's Apostle said, "Do you have anything to
offer her?" He replied. "No, by Allah, O Allah's
Apostle!" The Prophet said to him, "Go to your
family and see if you can find something.' The
man went and returned, saying, "No, by Allah, O
Allah's Apostle! I have not found anything." The

Prophet said, "Try to find something, even if it is

an iron ring.'' He went again and returned, saying,

"No, by Allah, O Allah's Apostle, not even an

iron ring, but I have this waist sheet of mine." The

man had no upper garment, so he intended to

give her, half his waist sheet. So Allah's Apostle

said, ''What would she do with your waist sheet?

If you wear it, she will have nothing of it over her

body, and if she wears it, you will have nothing
over your body." So that man sat for a long
period and then got up, and Allah's Apostle saw
him going away, so he ordered somebody to call
him. When he came, the Prophet asked him, "
How much of the Qur'an do you know?" He
replied, "I know such Surat and such Surat and
such Surat," and went on counting it, The
Prophet asked him, "Can you recite it by heart?"
he replied, "Yes." The Prophet said, "Go, I have
married this lady to you for the amount of the
Qur'an you know by heart."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 549:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "The example of the person
who knows the Qur'an by heart is like the owner
of tied camels. If he keeps them tied, he will

control them, but if he releases them, they will run

away."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 550:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "It is a bad thing that some of
you say, 'I have forgotten such-and-such verse of
the Qur'an,' for indeed, he has been caused (by
Allah) to forget it. So you must keep on reciting
the Qur'an because it escapes from the hearts of
men faster than camel do."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 551:
Narrated Abdullah:
I heard the Prophet saying... (as above, no.
550).
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 552:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "Keep on reciting the Qur'an,
for, by Him in Whose Hand my life is, Quran
runs away (is forgotten) faster than camels that
are released from their tying ropes."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 553:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
I saw Allah's Apostle reciting Surat-al-Fath on
his she-camel on the day of the Conquest of
Mecca.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 554:
Narrated Said bid Jubair:
Those Suras which you people call the Mufassal,
are the Muhkam. And Ibn 'Abbas said, "Allah's
Apostle died when I was a boy of ten years, and
I had learnt the Muhkam (of the Qur'an).
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 555:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn 'Abbas said, "I have learnt all the Muhkam
Suras during the life time of Allah's Apostle." I
said to him, 'What is meant by the Muhkam?" He
replied, "The Mufassal."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 556:
Narrated Aisha:
The Prophet heard a man reciting the Qur'an in
the mosque and said, "May Allah bestow His
Mercy on him, as he has reminded me of
such-and-such Verses of such a Surah."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 557:
Narrated Hisham:
(The same Hadith, adding): which I missed
(modifying the Verses).
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 558:
Narrated Aisha:
Allah's Apostle heard a man reciting the Qur'an
at night, and said, "May Allah bestow His Mercy
on him, as he has reminded me of such-and-such
Verses of such-and-such Suras, which I was
caused to forget."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 559:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "Why does anyone of the
people say, 'I have forgotten such-and-such
Verses (of the Qur'an)?' He, in fact, is caused
(by Allah) to forget."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 560:
Narrated Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari:
The Prophet said, "If one recites the last two

Verses of Surat-al-Baqara at night, it is sufficient

for him (for that night)."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 561:
Narrated Umar bin Khattab:
I heard Hisham bin Hakim bin Hizam reciting
Surat-al-Furqan during the lifetime of Allah's
Apostle, and I listened to his recitation and
noticed that he recited it in several ways which
Allah's Apostle had not taught me. So I was on
the point of attacking him in the prayer, but I

waited till he finished his prayer, and then I seized

him by the collar and said, "Who taught you this
Surah which I have heard you reciting?" He

replied, "Allah's Apostle taught it to me." I said,

"You are telling a lie; By Allah! Allah's Apostle
taught me (in a different way) this very Surah
which I have heard you reciting." So I took him,
leading him to Allah's Apostle and said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I heard this person reciting
Surat-al-Furqan in a way that you did not teach
me, and you have taught me Surat-al-Furqan."
The Prophet said, "O Hisham, recite!" So he
recited in the same way as I heard him recite it
before. On that Allah's Apostle said, "It was
revealed to be recited in this way." Then Allah's
Apostle said, "Recite, O 'Umar!" So I recited it
as he had taught me. Allah's Apostle then said,

"It was revealed to be recited in this way." Allah"

Apostle added, "The Quran has been revealed to

be recited in several different ways, so recite of it

that which is easier for you."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 562:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet heard a reciter reciting, the Qur'an
in the mosque at night. The Prophet said, "May
Allah bestow His Mercy on him, as he has
remind ed me of such-and-such Verses of such
and-such Suras, which I missed!"
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 563:
Narrated Abu Wail:
We went to 'Abdullah in the morning and a man
said, "Yesterday I recited all the Mufassal
Suras." On that 'Abdullah said, "That is very
quick, and we have the (Prophet's) recitation,
and I remember very well the recitation of those
Suras which the Prophet used to recite, and they
were eighteen Suras from the Mufassal, and two
Suras from the Suras that start with Ha Mim.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 564:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Regarding His (Allah's) Statement:-- 'Move not
your tongue concerning (the Qur'an) to make
haste therewith.' (75.16) And whenever Gabriel
descended to Allah's Apostle with the Divine
Inspiration, Allah's Apostle used to move his

tongue and lips, and that used to be hard for him,

and one could easily recognize that he was being
inspired Divinely. So Allah revealed the Verse
which occurs in the Surah starting with "I do
swear by the Day of Resurrection.' (75.1) i.e.
'Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur'an)

to make haste then with. It is for Us to collect it

(in your mind) (O Muhammad) an give you the
ability to recite it 'by heart.' (75.16-17) which

means: It is for us to collect it (in your mind) and

give you the ability to recite it by heart. And
when We have recited it to you (O Muhammad)
through Gabriel then follow you its recital.
(75.18) means: 'When We reveal it (the Qur'an)
to you, Listen to it.' for then: It is for Us to

explain it and make it clear to you' (75.19) i.e. It

is up to Us to explain it through your tongue. So,

when Gabriel came to him, Allah's Apostle
would listen to him attentively, and as soon as
Gabriel left, he would recite the Revelations, as
Allah had promised him.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 565:
Narrated Qatada:
I asked Anas bin Malik about the recitation of
the Prophet. He said, "He used to pray long
(certain sounds) very much.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 566:
Narrated Qatada:
Anas was asked, "How was the recitation (of the
Quran) of the Prophet?' He replied, "It was
characterized by the prolongation of certain
sounds." He then recited: In the Name of Allah,
the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
prolonging the pronunciation of 'In the Name of
Allah, 'the most Beneficent,' and 'the Most
Merciful.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 567:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
I saw the Prophet reciting (Qur'an) while he was
riding on his she camel or camel which was
moving, carrying him. He was reciting Surat Fath
or part of Surat Fath very softly and in an
Attractive vibrating tone.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 568:
Narrated Abu Musa:
That the Prophet said to him' "O Abu Musa!
You have been given one of the musical
wind-instruments of the family of David .'
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 569:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
That the Prophet said to him, "Recite the Qur'an
to me." 'Abdullah said, "Shall I recite (the
Qur'an) to you while it has been revealed to
you?" He said, "I like to hear it from others."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 570:
Narrated Abdullah bin Mas'ud:
The Prophet said to me, "Recite (the Quran) to

me." I said, "O Allah's Apostle Shall I recite (the

Qur'an) to you while it has been revealed to
you?" He said, "Yes." So I recited
Surat-An-Nisa' (The Women), but when I
recited the Verse:
'How (will it be) then when We bring from each
nation a witness and We bring you (O
Muhammad) as a witness against these people.'
(4.41) He said, "Enough for the present," I
looked at him and behold! His eyes were
overflowing with tears
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 571:
Narrated Sufyan:
Ibn Shubruma said, "I wanted to see how much
of the Qur'an can be enough (to recite in prayer)
and I could not find a Surah containing less than
three Verses, therefore I said to myself), "One
ought not to recite less than three (Quranic)
Verses (in prayer)."
Narrated Abu Mas'ud: The Prophet said, "If
somebody recites the last two Verses of Surat

al-Baqara at night, it will be sufficient for him.

Volume 6, Book 61, Number 572:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As:
My father got me married to a lady of a noble
family, and often used to ask my wife about me,
and she used to reply, "What a wonderful man he
is! He never comes to my bed, nor has he
approached me since he married me." When this
state continued for a long period, my father told
the story to the Prophet who said to my father,
"Let me meet him." Then I met him and he asked
me, "How do you fast?" I replied, "I fast daily,"
He asked, "How long does it take you to finish
the recitation of the whole Quran?" I replied, "I

finish it every night." On that he said, "Fast for

three days every month and recite the Qur'an

(and finish it) in one month." I said, "But I have

power to do more than that." He said, "Then fast
for three days per week." I said, "i have the
power to do more than that." He said,

"Therefore, fast the most superior type of fasting,

(that is, the fasting of (prophet) David who used
to fast every alternate day; and finish the
recitation of the whole Qur'an In seven days." I
wish I had accepted the permission of Allah's
Apostle as I have become a weak old man. It is
said that 'Abdullah used to recite one-seventh of
the Qur'an during the day-time to some of his
family members, for he used to check his
memorization of what he would recite at night
during the daytime so that it would be easier for
him to read at night. And whenever he wanted to

gain some strength, he used to give up fasting for

some days and count those days to fast for a
similar period, for he disliked to leave those
things which he used to do during the lifetime of
the Prophet.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 573:
Narrated Abdullah bin Amr:
The Prophet asked me, "How long does it take

you to finish the recitation of the whole Qur'an?"

Volume 6, Book 61, Number 574:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
Allah's Apostle said to me, "Recite the whole
Qur'an in one month's time." I said, "But I have
power (to do more than that)." Allah's Apostle

said, "Then finish the recitation of the Qur'an in

seven days, and do not finish it in less than this

period."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 575:
Narrated 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud):
Allah's Apostle said (to me), "Recite the Qur'an

to me." I said, "Shall I recite (it) to you while it

has been revealed to you?" He said, "I like to
hear it from another person." So I recited Surat
An-Nisa (The Women) till I reached the Verse:
'How (will it be) then when We bring from each
nation a witness, and We bring you (O
Muhammad) as a witness against these people.'
(4.41) Then he said to me, "Stop!" Thereupon I
saw his eyes overflowing with tears.
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 576:
Narrated Abdullah bin Masud:
The Prophet said to me, "Recite Quran to me." I

said to him. "Shall I recite (it) to you while it has

been revealed to you?" He said, "I like to hear it

from another person."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 577:
Narrated 'Ali:
I heard the Prophet saying, "In the last days (of
the world) there will appear young people with
foolish thoughts and ideas. They will give good
talks, but they will go out of Islam as an arrow
goes out of its game, their faith will not exceed
their throats. So, wherever you find them, kill

them, for there will be a reward for their killers

on the Day of Resurrection."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 578:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "There will
appear some people among you whose prayer
will make you look down upon yours, and whose
fasting will make you look down upon yours, but
they will recite the Qur'an which will not exceed

their throats (they will not act on it) and they will

go out of Islam as an arrow goes out through the
game whereupon the archer would examine the
arrowhead but see nothing, and look at the
unfeathered arrow but see nothing, and look at

the arrow feathers but see nothing, and finally he

suspects to find something in the lower part of
the arrow."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 579:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "The example of a believer
who recites the Qur'an and acts on it, like a
citron which tastes nice and smells nice. And the
example of a believer who does not recite the

Qur'an but acts on it, is like a date which tastes

good but has no smell. And the example of a
hypocrite who recites the Qur'an is like a
Raihana (sweet basil) which smells good but
tastes bitter And the example of a hypocrite who
does not recite the Quran is like a colocynth
which tastes bitter and has a bad smell."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 580:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "Recite (and study) the Qur'an

as long as you agree about its interpretation, but

if you have any difference of opinion (as regards

to its interpretation and meaning) then you should

stop reciting it (for the time being)."
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 581:
Narrated Jundub:
The Prophet said, "Recite (and study) the Quran

as long as you agree about its interpretation, but

when you have any difference of opinion (as
regards its interpretation and meaning) then you
should stop reciting it (for the time being)'
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 582:
Narrated Abdullah:
That he heard a man reciting a Quranic Verse
which he had heard the Prophet reciting in a
different way. So he took that man to the
Prophet (and told him the story). The Prophet
said, "Both of you are reciting in a correct way,
so carry on reciting." The Prophet further added,
"The nations which were before you were
destroyed (by Allah) because they differed."

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