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Hadith : Bukhari Vol 5
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 57:
Companions of the Prophet
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 1:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
"Allah's Apostle said, "A time will come upon the
people, when a group of people will wage a holy
war and it will be said, 'Is there amongst you
anyone who has accompanied Allah's Apostle?'
They will say, 'Yes.' And so victory will be
bestowed on them. Then a time will come upon
the people when a group of people will wage a
holy war, and it will be said, "Is there amongst
you a none who has accompanied the
companions of Allah's Apostle?' They will say,
'Yes.' And so victory will be bestowed on them.
Then a time will come upon the people when a
group of people will wage a holy war, and it will
be said, "Is there amongst you anyone who has
been in the company of the companions of the
companions of Allah's Apostle ?' They will say,
'Yes.' And victory will be bestowed on them."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 2:
Narrated Imran bin Husain:
"Allah's Apostle said, 'The best of my followers
are those living in my generation (i.e. my
contemporaries). and then those who will follow
the latter" 'Imran added, "I do not remember
whether he mentioned two or three generations
after his generation, then the Prophet added,
'There will come after you, people who will bear
witness without being asked to do so, and will be
treacherous and untrustworthy, and they will vow
and never fulfill their vows, and fatness will
appear among them."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 3:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "The best people are those
living in my generation, and then those who will
follow them, and then those who will follow the
latter. Then there will come some people who
will bear witness before taking oaths, and take
oaths before bearing witness." (Ibrahim, a
sub-narrator said, "They used to beat us for
witnesses and covenants when we were still
children.")
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 4:
Narrated Al-Bara:
Abu Bakr bought a (camel) saddle from 'Azib for
thirteen Dirhams. Abu Bakr said to 'Azib, "Tell
Al-Bara' to carry the saddle for me." 'Azib said,
"No, unless you relate to me what happened to
you and Allah 's Apostle when you left Mecca
while the pagans were in search of you." Abu
Bakr said, "We left Mecca and we travel led
continuously for that night and the following day

till it was midday. I looked (around) searching for

shade to take as shelter, and suddenly I came

across a rock, and found a little shade there. So I

cleaned the place and spread a bed for the
Prophet in the shade and said to him, 'Lie down,
O Allah's Apostle.' So the Prophet lay down and
I went out, looking around to see if there was
any person pursuing us. Suddenly I saw a
shepherd driving his sheep towards the rock,
seeking what we had already sought from it. I
asked him, 'To whom do you belong, O boy?'
He said, 'I belong to a man from Quraish.' He
named the man and I recognized him. I asked

him, 'Is there any milk with your sheep?' He said,

'Yes.' I said, 'Will you then milk (some) for us?'

He said, 'Yes.' Then I asked him to tie the legs of

one of the sheep and clean its udder, and then
ordered him to clean his hands from dust. Then
the shepherd cleaned his hands by striking his
hands against one another. After doing so, he
milked a small amount of milk. I used to keep for
Allah's Apostle a leather water-container, the
mouth of which was covered with a piece of

cloth. I poured water on the milk container till its

lower part was cold. Then I took the milk to the
Prophet whom I found awake. I said to him,
'Drink, O Allah's Apostle.' So he drank till I

became pleased. Then I said, 'It is time for us to

move, O Allahs Apostle!' He said, 'Yes.' So we
set out while the people (i.e. Quraish pagans)
were searching for us, but none found us except
Suraiqa bin Malik bin Jushum who was riding his
horse. I said, 'These are our pursuers who have
found us. O Allah's Apostle!' He said, 'Do not
grieve, for Allah is with us."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 5:
Narrated Abu Bakr:

I said to the Prophet while I was in the Cave. "If

any of them should look under his feet, he would
see us." He said, "O Abu Bakr! What do you
think of two (persons) the third of whom is
Allah?"
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 6:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle addressed the people saying,
"Allah has given option to a slave to choose this
world or what is with Him. The slave has chosen
what is with Allah." Abu Bakr wept, and we
were astonished at his weeping caused by what
the Prophet mentioned as to a Slave ( of Allah)
who had been offered a choice, (we learned later
on) that Allah's Apostle himself was the person
who was given the choice, and that Abu Bakr
knew best of all of us. Allah's Apostle added,
"The person who has favored me most of all both
with his company and wealth, is Abu Bakr. If I
were to take a Khalil other than my Lord, I
would have taken Abu Bakr as such, but (what
relates us) is the Islamic brotherhood and
friendliness. All the gates of the Mosque should
be closed except the gate of Abu Bakr."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 7:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
We used to compare the people as to who was

better during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle . We

used to regard Abu Bakr as the best, then
'Umar, and then 'Uthman .
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 8:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet said, "If I were to take a Khalil, I
would have taken Abu Bakr, but he is my
brother and my companion (in Islam)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 9:
Narrated Aiyub:
The Prophet said, "If I were to take a Khalil, I
would have taken him (i.e. Abu Bakr) as a
Khalil, but the Islamic brotherhood is better."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 10:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi Mulaika:
The people of Kufa sent a letter to Ibn
Az-Zubair, asking about (the inheritance of)

(paternal) grandfather. He replied that the right of

the inheritance of (paternal) grandfather is the
same as that of father if the father is dead) and

added, "Allah's Apostle said, ' If I were to take a

Khalil from this nation, I would have taken him
(i.e. Abu Bakr)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 11:
Narrated Jubair bin Mutim:
A woman came to the Prophet who ordered her
to return to him again. She said, "What if I came

and did not find you?" as if she wanted to say, "If

I found you dead?" The Prophet said, "If you
should not find me, go to Abu Bakr."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 12:
Narrated 'Ammar:
I saw Allah's Apostle and there was none with
him but five slaves, two women and Abu Bakr

(i.e. those were the only converts to Islam then).

Volume 5, Book 57, Number 13:
Narrated Abu Ad-Darda:
While I was sitting with the Prophet, Abu Bakr
came, lifting up one corner of h is garment
uncovering h is knee. The Prophet said, "Your
companion has had a quarrel." Abu Bakr greeted
(the Prophet ) and said, "O Allah's Apostle!
There was something (i.e. quarrel) between me
and the Son of Al-Khattab. I talked to him
harshly and then regretted that, and requested
him to forgive me, but he refused. This is why I
have come to you." The Prophet said thrice, "O
Abu Bakr! May Allah forgive you." In the
meanwhile, 'Umar regretted (his refusal of Abu
Bakr's excuse) and went to Abu Bakr's house
and asked if Abu Bakr was there. They replied in
the negative. So he came to the Prophet and
greeted him, but signs of displeasure appeared
on the face of the Prophet till Abu Bakr pitied
('Umar), so he knelt and said twice, "O Allah's
Apostle! By Allah! I was more unjust to him
(than he to me)." The Prophet said, "Allah sent
me (as a Prophet) to you (people) but you said
(to me), 'You are telling a lie,' while Abu Bakr
said, 'He has said the truth,' and consoled me
with himself and his money." He then said twice,
"Won't you then give up harming my
companion?" After that nobody harmed Abu
Bakr.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 14:
Narrated 'Amr bin Al-As:
The Prophet deputed me to read the Army of
Dhat-as-Salasil. I came to him and said, "Who is
the most beloved person to you?" He said, "
'Aisha." I asked, "Among the men?" He said,
"Her father." I said, "Who then?" He said, "Then
'Umar bin Al-Khattab." He then named other
men.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 15:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "While a
shepherd was amongst his sheep, a wolf
attacked them and took away one sheep. When
the shepherd chased the wolf, the wolf turned
towards him and said, 'Who will be its guard on
the day of wild animals when nobody except I
will be its shepherd. And while a man was driving
a cow with a load on it, it turned towards him
and spoke to him saying, 'I have not been
created for this purpose, but for ploughing." The
people said, "Glorified be Allah." The Prophet
said, "But I believe in it and so does Abu Bakr
end 'Umar."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 16:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "While I was
sleeping, I saw myself standing at a well, on it
there was a bucket. I drew water from the well
as much as Allah wished. Then Ibn Abi Quhafa
(i.e. Abu Bakr) took the bucket from me and
brought out one or two buckets (of water) and
there was weakness in his drawing the water.
May Allah forgive his weakness for him. Then
the bucket turned into a very big one and Ibn
Al-Khattab took it over and I had never seen
such a mighty person amongst the people as him
in performing such hard work, till the people
drank to their satisfaction and watered their
camels that knelt down there."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 17:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:

That Allah's Apostle said, "Allah will not look on

the Day of Judgment at him who drags his robe
(behind him) out of pride." Abu Bakr said "One
side of my robe slacks down unless I get very

cautious about it." Allah's Apostle said, "But you

do not do that with a pride."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 18:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Anybody who
spends a pair of something in Allah's Cause will
be called from all the gates of Paradise, "O
Allah's slave! This is good.' He who is amongst

those who pray will be called from the gate of the

prayer (in Paradise) and he who is from the
people of Jihad will be called from the gate of
Jihad, and he who is from those' who give in

charity (i.e. Zakat) will be called from the gate of

charity, and he who is amongst those who
observe fast will be called from the gate of
fasting, the gate of Raiyan." Abu Bakr said, "He
who is called from all those gates will need
nothing," He added, "Will anyone be called from
all those gates, O Allah's Apostle?" He said,
"Yes, and I hope you will be among those, O
Abu Bakr."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 19:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle died
while Abu Bakr was at a place called As-Sunah
(Al-'Aliya) 'Umar stood up and said, "By Allah!
Allah's Apostle is not dead!" 'Umar (later on)
said, "By Allah! Nothing occurred to my mind

except that." He said, "Verily! Allah will resurrect

him and he will cut the hands and legs of some
men." Then Abu Bakr came and uncovered the

face of Allah's Apostle, kissed him and said, "Let

my mother and father be sacrificed for you, (O
Allah's Apostle), you are good in life and in
death. By Allah in Whose Hands my life is, Allah
will never make you taste death twice." Then he
went out and said, "O oath-taker! Don't be
hasty." When Abu Bakr spoke, 'Umar sat down.
Abu Bakr praised and glorified Allah and said,
No doubt! Whoever worshipped Muhammad,
then Muhammad is dead, but whoever
worshipped Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall
never die." Then he recited Allah's Statement.:--
"(O Muhammad) Verily you will die, and they
also will die." (39.30) He also recited:--
"Muhammad is no more than an Apostle; and
indeed many Apostles have passed away, before
him, If he dies Or is killed, will you then Turn
back on your heels? And he who turns back On
his heels, not the least Harm will he do to Allah
And Allah will give reward to those Who are
grateful." (3.144)
The people wept loudly, and the Ansar were
assembled with Sad bin 'Ubada in the shed of
Bani Saida. They said (to the emigrants). "There
should be one 'Amir from us and one from you."
Then Abu Bakr, Umar bin Al-Khattab and Abu
'baida bin Al-Jarrah went to them. 'Umar wanted
to speak but Abu Bakr stopped him. 'Umar later
on used to say, "By Allah, I intended only to say
something that appealed to me and I was afraid
that Abu Bakr would not speak so well. Then
Abu Bakr spoke and his speech was very
eloquent. He said in his statement, "We are the
rulers and you (Ansars) are the ministers (i.e.
advisers)," Hubab bin Al-Mundhir said, "No, by
Allah we won't accept this. But there must be a
ruler from us and a ruler from you." Abu Bakr
said, "No, we will be the rulers and you will be

the ministers, for they (i.e. Quarish) are the best

family amongst the 'Arabs and of best origin. So
you should elect either 'Umar or Abu 'Ubaida bin
Al-Jarrah as your ruler." 'Umar said (to Abu
Bakr), "No but we elect you, for you are our
chief and the best amongst us and the most

beloved of all of us to Allah's Apostle." So 'Umar

took Abu Bakr's hand and gave the pledge of
allegiance and the people too gave the pledge of
allegiance to Abu Bakr. Someone said, "You
have killed Sad bin Ubada." 'Umar said, "Allah

has killed him." 'Aisha said (in another narration),

("When the Prophet was on his death-bed) he
looked up and said thrice, (Amongst) the Highest
Companion (See Qur'an 4.69)' Aisha said, Allah
benefited the people by their two speeches.
'Umar frightened the people some of whom were
hypocrites whom Allah caused to abandon Islam
because of 'Umar's speech. Then Abu Bakr led
the people to True Guidance and acquainted
them with the right path they were to follow so
that they went out reciting:-- "Muhammad is no
more than an Apostle and indeed many Apostles
have passed away before him.." (3.144)
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 20:
Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Hanafiya:
I asked my father ('Ali bin Abi Talib), "Who are
the best people after Allah's Apostle ?" He said,
"Abu Bakr." I asked, "Who then?" He said,
"Then 'Umar. " I was afraid he would say
"Uthman, so I said, "Then you?" He said, "I am
only an ordinary person.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 21:
Narrated 'Aisha:
We went out with Allah's Apostle on one of his
journeys till we reached Al-Baida or Dhatul-Jaish
where my necklace got broken (and lost). Allah's
Apostle stopped to search for it and the people
too stopped with him. There was no water at that
place and they had no water with them. So they
went to Abu Bakr and said, "Don't you see what
'Aisha has done? She has made Allah's Apostle
and the people stop where there is no water and
they have no water with them. Abu Bakr came
while Allah's Apostle was sleeping with his head
on my thigh and said, "You detained Allah
Apostle and the people where there is no water
and they have no water." He then admonished
me and said what Allah wished and pinched me
at my flanks with his hands, but I did not move
because the head of Allah's Apostle was on my
thigh .

Allah's Apostle kept on sleeping till be got up in

the morning and found no water. Then Allah
revealed the Divine Verse of Tayammum, and
the people performed Tayammum. Usaid bin
AlHudair said. "O family of Abu Bakr! This is
not the first blessings of yours." We urged the
camel on which I was sitting to get up from its
place and the necklace was found under it.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 22:
Narrated Abu Said:
The Prophet said, "Do not abuse my companions

for if any one of you spent gold equal to Uhud (in

Allah's Cause) it would not be equal to a Mud or
even a half Mud spent by one of them."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 23:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
I performed ablution in my house and then went
out and said, "Today I shall stick to Allah's

Apostle and stay with him all this day of mine (in

his service)." I went to the Mosque and asked
about the Prophet . They said, "He had gone in
this direction." So I followed his way, asking

about him till he entered a place called Bir Aris. I

sat at its gate that was made of date-palm leaves
till the Prophet finished answering the call of
nature and performed ablution. Then I went up to
him to see him sitting at the well of Aris at the
middle of its edge with his legs uncovered,
hanging in the well. I greeted him and went back
and sat at the gate. I said, "Today I will be the
gatekeeper of the Prophet." Abu Bakr came and
pushed the gate. I asked, "Who is it?" He said,
"Abu Bakr." I told him to wait, went in and said,
"O Allah's Apostle! Abu Bakr asks for
permission to enter." He said, "Admit him and
give him the glad tidings that he will be in
Paradise." So I went out and said to Abu Bakr,
"Come in, and Allah's Apostle gives you the glad
tidings that you will be in Paradise" Abu Bakr
entered and sat on the right side of Allah's

Apostle on the built edge of the well and hung his

legs n the well as the Prophet did and uncovered

his legs. I then returned and sat (at the gate). I

had left my brother performing ablution and he
intended to follow me. So I said (to myself). "If
Allah wants good for so-and-so (i.e. my brother)
He will bring him here." Suddenly somebody
moved the door. I asked, "Who is it?" He said,
"'Umar bin Al-Khattab." I asked him to wait,
went to Allah's Apostle, greeted him and said,
'Umar bin Al-Khattab asks the permission to
enter." He said, "Admit him, and give him the

glad tidings that he will be in Paradise." I went to

"Umar and said "Come in, and Allah's Apostle,
gives you the glad tidings that you will be in
Paradise." So he entered and sat beside Allah's
Apostle on the built edge of the well on the left

side and hung his legs in the well. I returned and

sat (at the gate) and said, (to myself), "If Allah

wants good for so-and-so, He will bring him
here." Somebody came and moved the door. I
asked "Who is it?" He replied, "Uthman bin
Affan." I asked him to wait and went to the
Prophet and informed him. He said, "Admit him,

and give him the glad tidings of entering Paradise,

I asked him to wait and went to the Prophet and
informed him. He said, "Adult him, and give him
the glad tidings of entering Paradise after a

calamity that will befall him." So I went up to him

and said to him, "Come in; Allah's Apostle gives
you the glad tidings of entering Paradise after a
calamity that will befall you. "Uthman then came
in and found that the built edge of the well was
occupied, so he sat opposite to the Prophet on
the other side. Said bin Al-Musaiyab said, "I

interpret this (narration) in terms of their graves."

Volume 5, Book 57, Number 24:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet once climbed the mountain of Uhud
with Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthman. The
mountain shook with them. The Prophet said (to
the mountain), "Be firm, O Uhud! For on you
there are no more than a Prophet, a Siddiq and
two martyrs.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 25:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar: Allah's Apostle
said. "While (in a dream), I was standing by a
well, drawing water from it. Abu Bakr and 'Umar
came to me. Abu Bakr took the bucket (from
me) and drew one or two buckets of water, and
there was some weakness
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 26:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
While I was standing amongst the people who
were invoking Allah for Umar bin Al-Khattab
who was lying (dead) on his bed, a man behind
me rested his elbows on my shoulder and said,
"(O 'Umar!) May Allah bestow His Mercy on
you. I always hoped that Allah will keep you with
your two companions, for I often heard Allah's
Apostle saying, "I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar were
(somewhere). I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar did
(something). I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar set out.' So
I hoped that Allah will keep you with both of
them." I turned back to see that the speaker was
Ali bin Abi Talib.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 27:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
I asked 'Abdullah bin 'Amr, "What was the worst

thing the pagans did to Allah's Apostle?" He said,

"I saw 'Uqba bin Abi Mu'ait coming to the
Prophet while he was praying.' Uqba put his
sheet round the Prophet's neck and squeezed it
very severely. Abu Bakr came and pulled 'Uqba
away from the Prophet and said, "Do you intend
to kill a man just because he says: 'My Lord is
Allah, and he has brought forth to you the
Evident Signs from your Lord?"
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 28:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "I saw myself (in a dream)
entering Paradise, and behold! I saw
Ar-Rumaisa', Abu Talha's wife. I heard
footsteps. I asked, Who is it? Somebody said, 'It

is Bilal ' Then I saw a palace and a lady sitting in

its courtyard. I asked, 'For whom is this palace?'

Somebody replied, 'It is for 'Umar.' I intended to

enter it and see it, but I thought of your ('Umar's)

Ghira (and gave up the attempt)." 'Umar said,
"Let my parents be sacrificed for you, O Allah's
Apostle! How dare I think of my Ghira
(self-respect) being offended by you?
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 29:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
While we were with Allah's Apostle he said,
"While I was sleeping, I saw myself in Paradise,
and suddenly I saw a woman performing ablution
beside a palace. I asked, 'For whom is this
palace?' They replied, 'It is for 'Umar.' Then I
remembered 'Umar's Ghira (self-respect) and
went away quickly." Umar wept and Said, O
Allah's Apostle! How dare I think of my ghira
(self-respect) being offended by you?
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 30:
Narrated Hamza's father:
Allah's Apostle said, "While I was sleeping, I
saw myself drinking (i.e. milk), and I was so
contented that I saw the milk flowing through my

nails. Then I gave (the milk) to 'Umar." They (i.e.

the companions of the Prophet) asked, "What do
you interpret it?" He said, "Knowledge."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 31:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "In a dream I saw myself
drawing water from a well with a bucket. Abu
Bakr came and drew a bucket or two weakly.
May Allah forgive him. Then 'Umar bin
Al-Khattab came and the bucket turned into a

very large one in his hands. I had never seen such

a mighty person as he in doing such hard work till

all the people drank to their satisfaction and
watered their camels that knelt down there.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 32:
Narrated Sad bin Abi Waqqas:
Umar bin Al-Khattab asked the permission of
Allah's Apostle to see him while some Quraishi
women were sitting with him, talking to him and

asking him for more expenses, raising their voices

above the voice of Allah's Apostle.
When 'Umar asked for the permission to enter,
the women quickly put on their veils. Allah'�
Apostle allowed him to enter and 'Umar came in
while Allah's Apostle was smiling, 'Umar said "O
Allah's Apostle! May Allah always keep you
smiling." The Prophet said, "These women who
have been here, roused my wonder, for as soon
as they heard your voice, they quickly put on
their veils. "'Umar said, "O Allah's Apostle! You
have more right to be feared by them than I."
Then 'Umar addressed the women saying, "O
enemies of yourselves! You fear me more than
you do Allah's Apostle ?" They said, "Yes, for
you are harsher and sterner than Allah's
Apostle." Then Allah's Apostle said, "O Ibn
Al-Khattab! By Him in Whose Hands my life is!
Never does Satan find you going on a way, but
he takes another way other than yours."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 33:
Narrated Abdullah:
We have been powerful since 'Umar embraced
Islam.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 34:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When (the dead body of) 'Umar was put on his
deathbed, the people gathered around him and
invoked (Allah) and prayed for him before the
body was taken away, and I was amongst them.
Suddenly I felt somebody taking hold of my
shoulder and found out that he was 'Ali bin Abi
Talib. 'Ali invoked Allah's Mercy for 'Umar and
said, "O 'Umar! You have not left behind you a
person whose deeds I like to imitate and meet
Allah with more than I like your deeds. By Allah!
I always thought that Allah would keep you with
your two companions, for very often I used to
hear the Prophet saying, 'I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar
went (somewhere); I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar
entered (somewhere); and I, Abu Bakr and
'Umar went out."'
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 35:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet ascended the mountain of Uhud and
he was accompanied by Abu Bakr, 'Umar and
'Uthman. The mountain shook beneath them. The
Prophet hit it with his foot and said, "O Uhud !

Be firm, for on you there is none but a Prophet, a

Siddiq and a martyr (i.e. and two martyrs).
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 36:
Narrated Aslam:
Ibn 'Umar asked me about some matters
concerning 'Umar. He said, "Since Allah's
Apostle died. I have never seen anybody more
serious, hard working and generous than 'Umar
bin Al-Khattab (till the end of his life."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 37:
Narrated Anas:
A man asked the Prophet about the Hour (i.e.
Day of Judgment) saying, "When will the Hour
be?" The Prophet said, "What have you
prepared for it?" The man said, "Nothing, except
that I love Allah and His Apostle." The Prophet
said, "You will be with those whom you love."
We had never been so glad as we were on

hearing that saying of the Prophet (i.e., "You will

be with those whom you love.") Therefore, I love
the Prophet, Abu Bakr and 'Umar, and I hope
that I will be with them because of my love for
them though my deeds are not similar to theirs.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 38:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Among the nations before
you there used to be people who were inspired
(though they were not prophets). And if there is
any of such a persons amongst my followers, it is
'Umar."
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said,
"Among the nation of Bani Israel who lived
before you, there were men who used to be
inspired with guidance though they were not
prophets, and if there is any of such persons
amongst my followers, it is 'Umar."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 39:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whilst a shepherd was
amongst his sheep, a wolf attacked them and
took away a sheep. The shepherd chased it and
got that sheep freed from the wolf. The wolf
turned towards the shepherd and said, 'Who will
guard the sheep on the day of wild animals when
it will have no shepherd except myself?" The
people said, "Glorified be Allah." The Prophet
said, "But I believe in it and so do Abu Bakr and
'Umar although Abu Bakr and 'Umar were not
present there (at the place of the event).
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 40:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "While I was
sleeping, the people were presented to me (in a
dream). They were wearing shirts, some of which
were merely covering their (chests). and some
were a bit longer. 'Umar was presented before
me and his shirt was so long that he was dragging
it." They asked, "How have you interpreted it, O
Allah's Apostle?" He said, "Religion."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 41:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:
When 'Umar was stabbed, he showed signs of
agony. Ibn 'Abbas, as if intending to encourage
'Umar, said to him, "O Chief of the believers!
Never mind what has happened to you, for you
have been in the company of Allah's Apostle and
you kept good relations with him and you parted
with him while he was pleased with you. Then
you were in the company of Abu Bakr and kept
good relations with him and you parted with him
(i.e. he died) while he was pleased with you.
Then you were in the company of the Muslims,
and you kept good relations with them, and if
you leave them, you will leave them while they
are pleased with you." 'Umar said, (to Ibn
"Abbas), "As for what you have said about the
company of Allah's Apostle and his being
pleased with me, it is a favor, Allah did to me;
and as for what you have said about the
company of Abu Bakr and his being pleased with
me, it is a favor Allah did to me; and concerning
my impatience which you see, is because of you
and your companions. By Allah! If (at all) I had
gold equal to the earth, I would have ransomed
myself with it from the Punishment of Allah
before I meet Him."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 42:
Narrated Abu Musa:
While I was with the Prophet in one of the
gardens of Medina, a man came and asked me
to open the gate. The Prophet said to me, "Open

the gate for him and give him the glad tidings that

he will enter Paradise." I opened (the gate) for
him, and behold! It was Abu Bakr. I informed
him of the glad tidings the Prophet had said, and
he praised Allah. Then another man came and
asked me to open the gate. The Prophet said to
me "Open (the gate) and give him the glad tidings
of entering Paradise." I opened (the gate) for
him, and behold! It was 'Umar. I informed him of
what the Prophet had said, and he praised Allah.
Then another man came and asked me to open
the gate. The Prophet said to me. "Open (the
gate) for him and inform him of the glad tidings,
of entering Paradise with a calamity which will
befall him. " Behold ! It was 'Uthman, I informed
him of what Allah's Apostle had said. He praised
Allah and said, "I seek Allah's Aid."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 43:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Hisham:
We were with the Prophet while he was holding
'Umar bin Al-Khattab by the hand.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 44:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet entered a garden and ordered me to
guard its gate. A man came and asked
permission to enter. The Prophet said, "Admit
him and give him the glad tidings of entering
Paradise." Behold! It was Abu Bakr. Another
man came and asked the permission to enter.
The Prophet said, "Admit him and give him the

glad tidings of entering Paradise." Behold! It was

'Umar. Then another man came, asking the

permission to enter. The Prophet kept silent for a

short while and then said, "Admit him and give
him the glad tidings of entering Paradise with a
calamity which will befall him." Behold! It was
'Uthman bin 'Affan. 'Asim, in another narration,

said that the Prophet was sitting in a place where

there was water, and he was uncovering both his
knees or his knee, and when 'Uthman entered, he
covered them (or it).
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 45:
Narrated 'Ubaid-ullah bin 'Adi bin Al-Khiyar:
Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and 'Abdur-Rahman
bin Al-Aswad bin 'Abu Yaghuth said (to me),
"What forbids you to talk to 'Uthman about his
brother Al-Walid because people have talked
much about him?" So I went to 'Uthman and
when he went out for prayer I said (to him), "I
have something to say to you and it is a piece of
advice for you " 'Uthman said, "O man, from
you." (Umar said: I see that he said, "I seek
Refuge with Allah from you.") So I left him and
went to them. Then the messenger of Uthman
came and I went to him (i.e. 'Uthman), 'Uthman
asked, "What is your advice?" I replied, "Allah
sent Muhammad with the Truth, and revealed the
Divine Book (i.e. Quran) to him; and you were
amongst those who followed Allah and His
Apostle, and you participated in the two
migrations (to Ethiopia and to Medina) and
enjoyed the company of Allah's Apostle and saw
his way. No doubt, the people are talking much
about Al-Walid." 'Uthman said, "Did you receive
your knowledge directly from Allah's Apostle ?"
I said, "No, but his knowledge did reach me and
it reached (even) to a virgin in her seclusion."
'Uthman said, "And then Allah sent Muhammad
with the Truth and I was amongst those who
followed Allah and His Apostle and I believed in
what ever he (i.e. the Prophet) was sent with,
and participated in two migrations, as you have
said, and I enjoyed the company of Allah's
Apostle and gave the pledge of allegiance him.
By Allah! I never disobeyed him, nor did I cheat
him till Allah took him unto Him. Then I treated
Abu Bakr and then 'Umar similarly and then I
was made Caliph. So, don't I have rights similar

to theirs?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Then what are

these talks reaching me from you people? Now,
concerning what you mentioned about the
question of Al-Walid, Allah willing, I shall deal
with him according to what is right." Then he
called 'Ali and ordered him to flog him, and 'Ali
flogged him (i.e. Al-Walid) eighty lashes.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 46:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle ascended the (mountain) of Uhud
with Abu Bakr and 'Uthman and it shook. Allah's
Apostle said, "Be calm, O Uhud!" I think he

stroked it with his foot and added, "There is none

on you but a Prophet, a Siddiq and two martyrs."
(The two martyrs were Umar and Uthman) (See
Hadith No. 24)
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 47:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
During the lifetime of the Prophet we considered
Abu Bakr as peerless and then 'Umar and then
'Uthman (coming next to him in superiority) and
then we used not to differentiate between the
companions of the Prophet
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 48:
Narrated 'Uthman:
(the son of Muhib) An Egyptian who came and
performed the Hajj to the Kaba saw some
people sitting. He enquire, "Who are these
people?" Somebody said, "They are the tribe of
Quraish." He said, "Who is the old man sitting
amongst them?" The people replied, "He is
'Abdullah bin 'Umar." He said, "O Ibn Umar! I
want to ask you about something; please tell me
about it. Do you know that 'Uthman fled away
on the day (of the battle) of Uhud?" Ibn 'Umar
said, "Yes." The (Egyptian) man said, "Do you
know that 'Uthman was absent on the day (of the
battle) of Badr and did not join it?" Ibn 'Umar
said, "Yes." The man said, "Do you know that he
failed to attend the Ar Ridwan pledge and did
not witness it (i.e. Hudaibiya pledge of
allegiance)?" Ibn 'Umar said, "Yes." The man
said, "Allahu Akbar!" Ibn 'Umar said, "Let me

explain to you (all these three things). As for his

flight on the day of Uhud, I testify that Allah has

excused him and forgiven him; and as for his
absence from the battle of Badr, it was due to
the fact that the daughter of Allah's Apostle was
his wife and she was sick then. Allah's Apostle
said to him, "You will receive the same reward
and share (of the booty) as anyone of those who

participated in the battle of Badr (if you stay with

her).' As for his absence from the Ar-Ridwan
pledge of allegiance, had there been any person
in Mecca more respectable than 'Uthman (to be
sent as a representative). Allah's Apostle would
have sent him instead of him. No doubt, Allah's
Apostle had sent him, and the incident of the
Ar-Ridwan pledge of Allegiance happened after
'Uthman had gone to Mecca. Allah's Apostle

held out his right hand saying, 'This is 'Uthman's

hand.' He stroke his (other) hand with it saying,
'This (pledge of allegiance) is on the behalf of
'Uthman.' Then Ibn 'Umar said to the man, 'Bear
(these) excuses in mind with you.'
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 49:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet ascended the mountain of Uhud and
Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthman were
accompanying him. The mountain gave a shake
(i.e. trembled underneath them) . The Prophet
said, "O Uhud ! Be calm." I think that the
Prophet hit it with his foot, adding, "For upon
you there are none but a Prophet, a Siddiq and
two martyrs."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 50:
Narrated 'Amr bin Maimun:
I saw 'Umar bin Al-Khattab a few days before
he was stabbed in Medina. He was standing with
Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman and 'Uthman bin Hunaif
to whom he said, "What have you done? Do you
think that you have imposed more taxation on the
land (of As-Swad i.e. 'Iraq) than it can bear?"
They replied, "We have imposed on it what it can

bear because of its great yield." 'Umar again said,

"Check whether you have imposed on the land
what it can not bear." They said, "No, (we
haven't)." 'Umar added, "If Allah should keep me

alive I will let the widows of Iraq need no men to

support them after me." But only four days had
elapsed when he was stabbed (to death ). The
day he was stabbed, I was standing and there
was nobody between me and him (i.e. Umar)
except Abdullah bin 'Abbas. Whenever Umar
passed between the two rows, he would say,
"Stand in straight lines."
When he saw no defect (in the rows), he would
go forward and start the prayer with Takbir. He
would recite Surat Yusuf or An-Nahl or the like

in the first Rak'a so that the people may have the

time to Join the prayer. As soon as he said
Takbir, I heard him saying, "The dog has killed
or eaten me," at the time he (i.e. the murderer)
stabbed him. A non-Arab infidel proceeded on
carrying a double-edged knife and stabbing all
the persons he passed by on the right and left
(till) he stabbed thirteen persons out of whom
seven died. When one of the Muslims saw that,
he threw a cloak on him. Realizing that he had
been captured, the non-Arab infidel killed
himself, 'Umar held the hand of 'Abdur-Rahman
bin Auf and let him lead the prayer.
Those who were standing by the side of 'Umar
saw what I saw, but the people who were in the
other parts of the Mosque did not see anything,
but they lost the voice of 'Umar and they were
saying, "Subhan Allah! Subhan Allah! (i.e.
Glorified be Allah)." Abdur-Rahman bin Auf led
the people a short prayer. When they finished the
prayer, 'Umar said, "O Ibn 'Abbas! Find out
who attacked me." Ibn 'Abbas kept on looking
here and there for a short time and came to say.
"The slave of Al Mughira." On that 'Umar said,
"The craftsman?" Ibn 'Abbas said, "Yes." 'Umar
said, "May Allah curse him. I did not treat him
unjustly. All the Praises are for Allah Who has
not caused me to die at the hand of a man who
claims himself to be a Muslim. No doubt, you
and your father (Abbas) used to love to have
more non-Arab infidels in Medina." Al-Abbas
had the greatest number of slaves. Ibn 'Abbas
said to 'Umar. "If you wish, we will do." He
meant, "If you wish we will kill them." 'Umar
said, "You are mistaken (for you can't kill them)
after they have spoken your language, prayed
towards your Qibla, and performed Hajj like
yours."
Then Umar was carried to his house, and we
went along with him, and the people were as if
they had never suffered a calamity before. Some
said, "Do not worry (he will be Alright soon)."
Some said, "We are afraid (that he will die)."
Then an infusion of dates was brought to him and
he drank it but it came out (of the wound) of his
belly. Then milk was brought to him and he
drank it, and it also came out of his belly. The
people realized that he would die. We went to
him, and the people came, praising him. A young
man came saying, "O chief of the believers!
Receive the glad tidings from Allah to you due to
your company with Allah's Apostle and your
superiority in Islam which you know. Then you
became the ruler (i.e. Caliph) and you ruled with
justice and finally you have been martyred."

'Umar said, "I wish that all these privileges will

counterbalance (my shortcomings) so that I will
neither lose nor gain anything."
When the young man turned back to leave, his
clothes seemed to be touching the ground. 'Umar
said, "Call the young man back to me." (When he
came back) 'Umar said, "O son of my brother!

Lift your clothes, for this will keep your clothes

clean and save you from the Punishment of your
Lord." 'Umar further said, "O 'Abdullah bin
'Umar! See how much I am in debt to others."
When the debt was checked, it amounted to
approximately eighty-six thousand. 'Umar said,
"If the property of 'Umar's family covers the
debt, then pay the debt thereof; otherwise

request it from Bani 'Adi bin Ka'b, and if that too

is not sufficient, ask for it from Quraish tribe, and

do not ask for it from any one else, and pay this
debt on my behalf."
'Umar then said (to 'Abdullah), "Go to 'Aisha
(the mother of the believers) and say: "Umar is
paying his salutation to you. But don't say: 'The
chief of the believers,' because today I am not
the chief of the believers. And say: "Umar bin
Al-Khattab asks the permission to be buried with
his two companions (i.e. the Prophet, and Abu
Bakr)." Abdullah greeted 'Aisha and asked for
the permission for entering, and then entered to
her and found her sitting and weeping. He said to
her, "'Umar bin Al-Khattab is paying his
salutations to you, and asks the permission to be
buried with his two companions." She said, "I
had the idea of having this place for myself, but
today I prefer Umar to myself." When he
returned it was said (to 'Umar), "'Abdullah bin
'Umar has come." 'Umar said, "Make me sit up."
Somebody supported him against his body and
'Umar asked ('Abdullah), "What news do you

have?" He said, "O chief of the believers! It is as

you wish. She has given the permission." 'Umar
said, "Praise be to Allah, there was nothing more
important to me than this. So when I die, take
me, and greet 'Aisha and say: "Umar bin
Al-Khattab asks the permission (to be buried
with the Prophet ), and if she gives the
permission, bury me there, and if she refuses,
then take me to the grave-yard of the Muslims."
Then Hafsa (the mother of the believers) came
with many other women walking with her. When
we saw her, we went away. She went in (to
'Umar) and wept there for sometime. When the
men asked for permission to enter, she went into
another place, and we heard her weeping inside.
The people said (to 'Umar), "O chief of the
believers! Appoint a successor." Umar said, "I
do not find anyone more suitable for the job than
the following persons or group whom Allah's
Apostle had been pleased with before he died."
Then 'Umar mentioned 'Ali, 'Uthman, AzZubair,
Talha, Sad and 'Abdur-Rahman (bin Auf) and
said, "Abdullah bin 'Umar will be a witness to
you, but he will have no share in the rule. His
being a witness will compensate him for not
sharing the right of ruling. If Sad becomes the
ruler, it will be alright: otherwise, whoever
becomes the ruler should seek his help, as I have
not dismissed him because of disability or
dishonesty." 'Umar added, "I recommend that my
successor takes care of the early emigrants; to
know their rights and protect their honor and
sacred things.
I also recommend that he be kind to the Ansar
who had lived in Medina before the emigrants

and Belief had entered their hearts before them. I

recommend that the (ruler) should accept the
good of the righteous among them and excuse
their wrong-doers, and I recommend that he
should do good to all the people of the towns
(Al-Ansar), as they are the protectors of Islam
and the source of wealth and the source of
annoyance to the enemy. I also recommend that
nothing be taken from them except from their
surplus with their consent. I also recommend that
he do good to the 'Arab bedouin, as they are the

origin of the 'Arabs and the material of Islam. He

should take from what is inferior, amongst their
properties and distribute that to the poor
amongst them. I also recommend him concerning
Allah's and His Apostle's protectees (i.e.

Dhimmis) to fulfill their contracts and to fight for

them and not to overburden them with what is
beyond their ability." So when 'Umar expired, we
carried him out and set out walking. 'Abdullah
bin 'Umar greeted ('Aisha) and said, "'Umar bin
Al-Khattab asks for the permission." 'Aisha said,
"Bring him in." He was brought in and buried
beside his two companions.
When he was buried, the group (recommended
by 'Umar) held a meeting. Then 'Abdur-Rahman
said, " Reduce the candidates for rulership to

three of you." Az-Zubair said, "I give up my right

to Ali." Talha said, "I give up my right to
'Uthman," Sad, 'I give up my right to
'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf." 'Abdur-Rahman then
said (to 'Uthman and 'Ali), "Now which of you is

willing to give up his right of candidacy to that he

may choose the better of the (remaining) two,
bearing in mind that Allah and Islam will be his
witnesses." So both the sheiks (i.e. 'Uthman and
'Ali) kept silent. 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Will you
both leave this matter to me, and I take Allah as
my Witness that I will not choose but the better
of you?" They said, "Yes." So 'Abdur-Rahman

took the hand of one of them (i.e. 'Ali) and said,

"You are related to Allah's Apostle and one of
the earliest Muslims as you know well. So I ask
you by Allah to promise that if I select you as a

ruler you will do justice, and if I select 'Uthman

as a ruler you will listen to him and obey him."
Then he took the other (i.e. 'Uthman) aside and
said the same to him. When 'Abdur-Rahman
secured (their agreement to) this covenant, he
said, "O 'Uthman! Raise your hand." So he (i.e.
'Abdur-Rahman) gave him (i.e. 'Uthman) the
solemn pledge, and then 'Ali gave him the pledge
of allegiance and then all the (Medina) people
gave him the pledge of allegiance.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 51:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
Allah's Apostle said, "Tomorrow I will give the
flag to a man with whose leadership Allah will
grant (the Muslim) victory." So the people kept
on thinking the whole night as to who would be
given the flag. The next morning the people went
to Allah's Apostle and every one of them hoped
that he would be given the flag. The Prophet
said, "Where is Ali bin Abi Talib?" The people
replied, "He is suffering from eye trouble, O
Allah's Apostle." He said, "Send for him and
bring him to me." So when 'Ali came, the
Prophet spat in his eyes and invoked good on
him, and he became alright as if he had no
ailment. The Prophet then gave him the flag. 'Ali

said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I fight them (i.e.

enemy) till they become like us?" The Prophet
said, "Proceed to them steadily till you approach
near to them and then invite them to Islam and
inform them of their duties towards Allah which
Islam prescribes for them, for by Allah, if one

man is guided on the right path (i.e. converted to

Islam) through you, it would be better for you
than (a great number of) red camels."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 52:
Narrated Salama:
Ali happened to stay behind the Prophet and (did
not join him) during the battle of Khaibar for he
was having eye trouble. Then he said, "How
could I remain behind Allah's Apostle?" So 'Ali
set out following the Prophet , When it was the
eve of the day in the morning of which Allah
helped (the Muslims) to conquer it, Allah's

Apostle said, "I will give the flag (to a man), or

tomorrow a man whom Allah and His Apostle
love will take the flag," or said, "A man who
loves Allah and His Apostle; and Allah will grant
victory under his leadership." Suddenly came 'Ali
whom we did not expect. The people said, "This
is 'Ali." Allah's Apostle gave him the flag and
Allah granted victory under his leadership.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 53:
Narrated Abu Hazim:
A man came to Sahl bin Sad and said, "This is
so-and-so," meaning the Governor of Medina,
"He is calling 'Ali bad names near the pulpit."
Sahl asked, "What is he saying?" He (i.e. the

man) replied, "He calls him (i.e. 'Ali) Abu Turab."

Sahl laughed and said, "By Allah, none but the
Prophet called him by this name and no name
was dearer to 'Ali than this." So I asked Sahl to
tell me more, saying, "O Abu 'Abbas! How (was

this name given to 'Ali)?" Sahl said, "'Ali went to

Fatima and then came out and slept in the
Mosque. The Prophet asked Fatima, "Where is
your cousin?" She said, "In the Mosque." The

Prophet went to him and found that his (i.e. Ali's)

covering sheet had slipped of his back and dust
had soiled his back. The Prophet started wiping
the dust off his back and said twice, "Get up! O
Abu Turab (i.e. O. man with the dust)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 54:
Narrated Sad bin 'Ubaida:
A man came to Ibn 'Umar and asked about
'Uthman and Ibn 'Umar mentioned his good
deeds and said to the questioner. "Perhaps these
facts annoy you?" The other said, "Yes." Ibn
'Umar said, "May Allah stick your nose in the
dust (i.e. degrade you)!' Then the man asked him
about 'Ali. Ibn 'Umar mentioned his good deeds

and said, "It is all true, and that is his house in the

midst of the houses of the Prophet. Perhaps
these facts have hurt you?" The questioner said,
"Yes." Ibn 'Umar said, "May Allah stick your
nose in the dust (i.e. degrade you or make you
do things which you hate) ! Go away and do
whatever you can against me."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 55:
Narrated 'Ali:
Fatima complained of the suffering caused to her
by the hand mill. Some Captives were brought to
the Prophet, she came to him but did not find him
at home 'Aisha was present there to whom she
told (of her desire for a servant). When the
Prophet came, Aisha informed him about
Fatima's visit. Ali added "So the Prophet came to
us, while we had gone to our bed I wanted to get
up but the Prophet said, "Remain at your place".
Then he sat down between us till I found the
coolness of his feet on my chest. Then he said,
"Shall I teach you a thing which is better than
what you have asked me? When you go to bed,
say, 'Allahu-Akbar' thirty-four times, and
'Subhan Allah thirty-three times, and

'Alhamdu-lillah thirty-three times for that is better

for you both than a servant."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 56:
Narrated Ubaida:
Ali said (to the people of 'Iraq), "Judge as you

used to judge, for I hate differences (and I do my

best ) till the people unite as one group, or I die

as my companions have died." And narrated Sad
that the Prophet said to 'Ali, "Will you not be
pleased from this that you are to me like Aaron
was to Moses?"
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 57:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The people used to say, "Abu Huraira narrates

too many narrations." In fact I used to keep close

to Allah's Apostle and was satisfied with what
filled my stomach. I ate no leavened bread and
dressed no decorated striped clothes, and never
did a man or a woman serve me, and I often
used to press my belly against gravel because of
hunger, and I used to ask a man to recite a
Quranic Verse to me although I knew it, so that
he would take me to his home and feed me. And
the most generous of all the people to the poor
was Ja'far bin Abi Talib. He used to take us to
his home and offer us what was available therein.
He would even offer us an empty folded leather
container (of butter) which we would split and
lick whatever was in it.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 58:
Narrated Ash-Sha'bi:
Whenever Ibn 'Umar greeted Ibn Jafar, he used
to say: "As-salamu-'Alaika (i.e. Peace be on
you) O son of Dhu-l-Janahain (son of the
two-winged person)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 59:
Narrated Anas:
Whenever there was drought, 'Umar bin
Al-Khattab used to ask Allah for rain through
Al'Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib, saying, "O Allah!
We used to request our Prophet to ask You for
rain, and You would give us. Now we request
the uncle of our Prophet to ask You for rain, so
give us rain." And they would be given rain."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 60:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Fatima sent somebody to Abu Bakr asking him
to give her her inheritance from the Prophet from
what Allah had given to His Apostle through Fai

(i.e. booty gained without fighting). She asked for

the Sadaqa (i.e. wealth assigned for charitable
purposes) of the Prophet at Medina, and Fadak,
and what remained of the Khumus (i.e., one-fifth)
of the Khaibar booty. Abu Bakr said, "Allah's
Apostle said, 'We (Prophets), our property is not
inherited, and whatever we leave is Sadaqa, but
Muhammad's Family can eat from this property,
i.e. Allah's property, but they have no right to
take more than the food they need.' By Allah! I
will not bring any change in dealing with the
Sadaqa of the Prophet (and will keep them) as
they used to be observed in his (i.e. the

Prophet's) life-time, and I will dispose with it as

Allah's Apostle used to do," Then 'Ali said, "I
testify that None has the right to be worshipped
but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Apostle,"
and added, "O Abu Bakr! We acknowledge
your superiority." Then he (i.e. 'Ali) mentioned

their own relationship to Allah's Apostle and their

right. Abu Bakr then spoke saying, "By Allah in
Whose Hands my life is. I love to do good to the

relatives of Allah's Apostle rather than to my own

relatives" Abu Bark added: Look at Muhammad

through his family (i.e. if you are no good to his

family you are not good to him).
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 61:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:

Allah's Apostle said, "Fatima is a part of me, and

he who makes her angry, makes me angry."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 62:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet called his daughter Fatima during his
illness in which he died, and told her a secret
whereupon she wept. Then he called her again
and told her a secret whereupon she laughed.
When I asked her about that, she replied, "The
Prophet spoke to me in secret and informed me
that he would die in the course of the illness
during which he died, so I wept. He again spoke
to me in secret and informed me that I would be
the first of his family to follow him (after his
death) and on that I laughed."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 63:
Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam:
'Uthman bin 'Affan was afflicted with severe
nose-bleeding in the year when such illness was
prevelant and that prevented him from
performing Hajj, and (because of it) he made his
will. A man from Quraish came to him and said,
"Appoint your successor." 'Uthman asked, "Did
the people name him? (i.e. the successor) the
man said, "Yes." Uthman asked, "Who is that?"
The man remained silent. Another man came to
'Uthman and I think it was Al-Harith. He also
said, "Appoint your successor." 'Uthman asked,
"Did the people name him?" The man replied
"Yes." 'Uthman said, "Who is that?" The man
remained silent. 'Uthman said, "Perhaps they
have mentioned Az-Zubair?" The man said,
"Yes." 'Uthman said, "By Him in Whose Hands
my life is, he is the best of them as I know, and
the dearest of them to Allah's Apostle ."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 64:
Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam:
While I was with 'Uthman, a man came to him
and said, "Appoint your successor." 'Uthman
said, "Has such successor been named?" He
replied, "Yes, Az-Zubair." 'Uthman said, thrice,
"By Allah! Indeed you know that he is the best of
you."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 65:
Narrated Jabir:
The Prophet said, "Every prophet used to have a
Hawari (i.e. disciple), and my Hawari is
Az-Zubair bin Al-'Awwam."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 66:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair:
During the battle of Al-Ahzab, I and 'Umar bin
Abi-Salama were kept behind with the women.
Behold! I saw (my father) Az-Zubair riding his
horse, going to and coming from Bani Quraiza
twice or thrice. So when I came back I said, "O
my father! I saw you going to and coming from
Bani Quraiza?" He said, "Did you really see me,
O my son?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Allah's
Apostle said, 'Who will go to Bani Quraiza and
bring me their news?' So I went, and when I
came back, Allah's Apostle mentioned for me
both his parents saying, "Let my father and
mother be sacrificed for you."'
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 67:
Narrated 'Urwa:
On the day of the battle of Al-Yarmuk, the
companions of the Prophet said to Az-Zubair,
"Will you attack the enemy vigorously so that we
may attack them along with you?" So Az-Zubair
attacked them, and they inflicted two wounds
over his shoulder, and in between these two
wounds there was an old scar he had received
on the day of the battle of Badr When I was a

child, I used to insert my fingers into those scars

in play.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 68:
Narrated 'Umar:
"Before the Prophet died, he was pleased with
him (Talha bin 'Ubaidullah)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 69:
Narrated Abu 'Uthman:
During one of the Ghazawat in which Allah's
Apostle was fighting, none remained with the
Prophet but Talha and Sad.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 70:
Narrated Qais bin Abi Hazim:
I saw Talha's paralyzed hand with which he had
protected the Prophet (from an arrow) .
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 71:
Narrated Sad: On the day of the battle of Uhud
the Prophet mentioned for me both hi
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 72:
Narrated Sad:
No doubt, (for some time) I stood for one-third
of the Muslims.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 73:
Narrated Sad bin Abi Waqqas:
No man embraced Islam before the day on
which I embraced Islam, and no doubt, I
remained for seven days as one third of the then
extant Muslims.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 74:
Narrated Qais:
I heard Sad saying, "I was the first amongst the
'Arabs who shot an arrow for Allah's Cause. We
used to fight along with the Prophets, while we
had nothing to eat except the leaves of trees so
that one's excrete would look like the excrete
balls of camel or a sheep, containing nothing to
mix them together. Today Banu Asad tribe blame
me for not having understood Islam. I would be a
loser if my deeds were in vain." Those people
complained about Sad to 'Umar, claiming that he
did not offer his prayers perfectly.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 75:
Narrated about the sons-in-law of the Prophet
and one of them is Abu Al-'As bin Ar-Rabi'.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 76:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:
'Ali demanded the hand of the daughter of Abu
Jahl. Fatima heard of this and went to Allah's
Apostle saying, "Your people think that you do
not become angry for the sake of your daughters
as 'Ali is now going to marry the daughter of Abu

Jahl. "On that Allah's Apostle got up and after his

recitation of Tashah-hud. I heard him saying,
"Then after! I married one of my daughters to
Abu Al-'As bin Al-Rabi' (the husband of Zainab,
the daughter of the Prophet ) before Islam and he
proved truthful in whatever he said to me. No
doubt, Fatima is a part of me, I hate to see her
being troubled. By Allah, the daughter of Allah's
Apostle and the daughter of Allah's Enemy
cannot be the wives of one man." So 'Ali gave up
that engagement.
'Al-Miswar further said: I heard the Prophet
talking and he mentioned a son-in-law of his
belonging to the tribe of Bani 'Abd-Shams. He
highly praised him concerning that relationship
and said (whenever) he spoke to me, he spoke
the truth, and whenever he promised me, he
fulfilled his promise."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 77:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
The Prophet sent an army under the command of
Usama bin Zaid. When some people criticized
his leadership, the Prophet said, "If you are
criticizing Usama's leadership, you used to

criticize his father's leadership before. By Allah!

He was worthy of leadership and was one of the
dearest persons to me, and (now) this (i.e.

Usama) is one of the dearest to me after him (i.e.

Zaid)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 78:
Narrated Urwa:

Aisha said, "A Qaif (i.e. one skilled in recognizing

the lineage of a person through Physiognomy and
through examining the body parts of an infant)
came to me while the Prophet was present, and
Usama bin Zaid and Zaid bin Haritha were Lying
asleep. The Qa'if said. These feet (of Usama and
his father) are of persons belonging to the same
lineage.' " The Prophet was pleased with that
saying which won his admiration, and he told
'Aisha of it.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 79:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The people of the Quraish tribe were worried
about the Makhzumiya woman. They said.
"Nobody dare speak to him (i.e. the Prophet )
except Usama bin Zaid as he is the most beloved
to Allah's Apostle." Aisha said, "A woman from
Bani Makhzumiya committed a theft and the
people said, 'Who can intercede with the
Prophet for her?' So nobody dared speak to him
(i.e. the Prophet) but Usama bin Zaid spoke to
him. The Prophet said, 'If a reputable man
amongst the children of Bani Israel committed a

theft, they used to forgive him, but if a poor man

committed a theft, they would cut his hand. But I
would cut even the hand of Fatima (i.e. the
daughter of the Prophet) if she committed a
theft."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 80:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Dinar:
One day Ibn 'Umar, while in the Mosque, looked
at a man who was dragging his clothes while
walking in one of the corners of the Mosque He

said, "See who is that. I wish he was near to me."

Somebody then said (to Ibn 'Umar), "Don't you
know him, O Abu 'Abdur-Rahman? He is
Muhammad bin Usama." On that Ibn 'Umar
bowed his head and dug the earth with his hands
and then, said, "If Allah's Apostle saw him, he
would have loved him."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 81:
Narrated Usama bin Zaid:
That the Prophet used to take him (i.e. Usama)
and Al-Hassan (in his lap) and say: "O Allah!
Love them, as I love them." The freed slave of
Usama bin Zaid said, "Al-Hajjaj bin Aiman bin
Um Aiman and Aiman Ibn Um Aiman was
Usama's brother from the maternal side, and he
was one of the Ansar. He was seen by Ibn
'Umar not performing his bowing and
prostrations in a perfect manner. So Ibn 'Umar
told him to repeat his prayer. Harmala, the freed
slave of Usama bin Zaid said that while he was in
the company of 'Abdullah bin 'Umar, Al-Hajjaj
bin Aiman came in and (while praying) he did not
perform his bowing and prostrations properly.
So Ibn 'Umar told him to repeat his prayer.
When he went away, Ibn 'Umar asked me,
"Who is he?" I said, "Al-Hajjaj bin Um Aiman."
Ibn 'Umar said, "If Allah's Apostle saw him, he
would have loved him." Then Ibn 'Umar
mentioned the love of the Prophet for the
children of Um Aimn. Sulaiman said that Um
Aiman was one of the nurses of the Prophet.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 82:
The merits of 'Abdullah bin Umar bin
Al-Khattab.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 83:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
If a man saw a dream during the lifetime of the
Prophet he would narrate it to the Prophet. Once
I wished to see a dream and narrate it to the
Prophet I was young, unmarried, and used to
sleep in the Mosque during the lifetime of the
Prophet. I dreamt that two angels took me and
went away with me towards the (Hell) Fire which

looked like a well with the inside walls built up,

and had two side-walls like those of a well.
There I saw some people in it whom I knew. I

started saying, "I seek Refuge with Allah from the

(Hell) Fire, I seek Refuge with Allah from the
(Hell) Fire." Then another angel met the other
two and said to me, "Do not be afraid." I
narrated my dream to Hafsa who, in her turn,
narrated it to the Prophet. He said, "What an
excellent man Abdullah is if he only observes the
night prayer." (Salem, a sub-narrator said,

"Abdullah used not to sleep at night but very little

hence forward."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 84:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar from Hafsa his sister:
That the Prophet had said to her, "'Abdullah is a
pious man."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 85:
Narrated 'Alqama:
I went to Sham and offered a two-Rak'at prayer
and then said, "O Allah! Bless me with a good
pious companion." So I went to some people
and sat with them. An old man came and sat by
my side. I asked, "Who is he?" They replied,
"(He is) Abu-Ad-Darda.' I said (to him), "I
prayed to Allah to bless me with a pious
companion and He sent you to me." He asked
me, "From where are you?" I replied, "From the
people of Al-Kufa." He said, "Isn't there amongst
you Ibn Um 'Abd, the one who used to carry the
shoes, the cushion(or pillow) and the water for
ablution? Is there amongst you the one whom
Allah gave Refuge from Satan through the
request of His Prophet. Is there amongst you the
one who keeps the secrets of the Prophet which
nobody knows except him?" Abu Darda further
asked, "How does 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) recite
the Sura starting with, 'By the Night as it

conceals (the light)." (92.1) Then I recited before

him:

'By the Night as it envelops: And by the Day as it

appears in brightness; And by male and female.'
(91.1-3) On this Abu Ad-Darda' said, "By Allah,
the Prophet made me recite the Sura in this way
while I was listening to him (reciting it)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 86:
Narrated Ibrahim: 'Alqama went to Sham and
when he entered the mosque, he said, "O Allah !
Bless me with a pious companion." So he sat
with Abu Ad-Darda. Abu Ad-Darda' asked him,
"Where are you from?" 'Alqama replied, "From
the people of Kufa." Abu Ad
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 87:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle said, " Every nation has an
extremely trustworthy man, and the trustworthy
man of this (i.e. Muslim) nation is Abu 'Ubaida
bin Al-Jarrah."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 88:
Narrated Hudhaifa:
The Prophet said to the people of Nijran, "I will
send you the most trustworthy man." (Every one
of) the companions of the Prophet was looking
forward (to be that person). He then sent Abu
'Ubaida.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 89:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
I heard the Prophet talking at the pulpit while
Al-Hasan was sitting beside him, and he (i.e. the
Prophet ) was once looking at the people and at
another time Al-Hasan, and saying, "This son of

mine is a Saiyid (i.e. chief) and perhaps Allah will

bring about an agreement between two sects of
the Muslims through him."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 90:
Narrated Usama bin Zaid:
That the Prophet used to take him and Al-Hasan,
and used to say, "O Allah! I love them, so please
love them," or said something similar.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 91:
Narrated Muhammad:
Anas bin Malik said, "The head of Al-Husain
was brought to 'Ubaidullah bin Ziyad and was
put in a tray, and then Ibn Ziyad started playing
with a stick at the nose and mouth of Al-Husain's
head and saying something about his handsome
features." Anas then said (to him), "Al-Husain
resembled the Prophet more than the others did."
Anas added, "His (i.e. Al-Husain's) hair was
dyed with Wasma (i.e. a kind of plant used as a
dye)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 92:
Narrated Al-Bara:
I saw the Prophet carrying Al-Hasan on his
shoulder an saying, "O Allah! I love him, so
please love him."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 93:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Al-Harith:
I saw Abu Bakr carrying Al-Hasan and saying,
"Let my father be sacrificed for you; you
resemble the Prophet and not 'Ali," while 'Ali
was laughing at this.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 94:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Abu Bakr used to say, "Please Muhammad (i.e.
the Prophet) by doing good to his family."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 95:
Narrated Anas:
None resembled the Prophet more than
Al-Hasan bin 'Ali did.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 96:
Narrated Ibn Abi Nu'm:
A person asked 'Abdullah bin 'Umar whether a
Muslim could kill flies. I heard him saying (in
reply). "The people of Iraq are asking about the

killing of flies while they themselves murdered the

son of the daughter of Allah's Apostle . The
Prophet said, They (i.e. Hasan and Husain) are
my two sweet basils in this world."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 97:
Narrated the merits of Bilal bin Rabah the freed

slave of Abu Bakr. The Prophet said (to Bilal), "I

heard the sound of your shoes in Paradise just in
front of me."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 98:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Umar used to say, "Abu Bakr is our chief, and he
manumitted our chief," meaning Bilal.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 99:
Narrated Qais:
Bilal said to Abu Bakr, "If you have bought me
for yourself then keep me (for yourself), but if
you have bought me for Allah's Sake, then leave
me for Allah's Work."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 100:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Once the Prophet embraced me (pressed me to
his chest) and said, "O Allah, teach him wisdom
(i.e. the understanding of the knowledge of
Qur'an)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 101r:
Narrated 'Abdul Warith:
The same but said, "O Allah, teach him (Ibn
Abbas) the Book (i.e. the understanding of the
knowledge of Qur'an)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 101a:
Narrated Khalid:
As above.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 102:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet had informed the people about the
death of Zaid, Ja'far and Ibn Rawaha before the
news of their death reached them. He said with
his eyes flowing with tears, "Zaid took the flag
and was martyred; then Ja'far took the flag and
was martyred, and then Ibn Rawaha took the
flag and was martyred. Finally the flag was taken
by one of Allah's Swords (i.e. Khalid bin
Al-Walid) and Allah gave them (i.e. the Muslims)
victory."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 103:
Narrated Masruq:
'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) was mentioned before
'Abdullah bin 'Amr. The latter said, "That is a
man I continue to love because I heard Allah's
Apostle saying, ' Learn the recitation of the
Qur'an from (any of these) four persons:
'Abdullah bin Masud, Salim the freed slave of
Abu Hudhaifa, Ubai bin Kab, and Muadh bin
Jabal." I do not remember whether he mentioned
Ubai first or Muadh.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 104:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
Allah's Apostle neither talked in an insulting
manner nor did he ever speak evil intentionally.
He used to say, "The most beloved to me
amongst you is the one who has the best
character and manners." He added, " Learn the
Qur'an from (any of these) four persons.
'Abdullah bin Mas'ud, Salim the freed slave of
Abu Hudhaifa, Ubai bin Ka'b, and Mu'adh bin
Jabal."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 105:
Narrated Alqama:
I went to Sham and was offering a two-Rak'at
prayer; I said, "O Allah! Bless me with a (pious)
companion." Then I saw an old man coming
towards me, and when he came near I said, (to
myself), "I hope Allah has given me my request."
The man asked (me), "Where are you from?" I
replied, "I am from the people of Kufa." He said,
"Weren't there amongst you the Carrier of the
(Prophet's) shoes, Siwak and the ablution water
container? Weren't there amongst you the man
who was given Allah's Refuge from the Satan?
And weren't there amongst you the man who
used to keep the (Prophet's) secrets which
nobody else knew? How did Ibn Um 'Abd (i.e.
'Abdullah bin Mas'ud) use to recite Surat-al-lail
(the Night:92)?" I recited:--
"By the Night as it envelops By the Day as it
appears in brightness. And by male and female."
(92.1-3) On that, Abu Darda said, "By Allah, the
Prophet made me read the Verse in this way

after listening to him, but these people (of Sham)

tried their best to let me say something different."

Volume 5, Book 57, Number 106:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin Yazid:
We asked Hudhaifa to tell us of a person
resembling (to some extent) the Prophet in good
appearance and straight forward behavior so that
we may learn from him (good manners and
acceptable conduct). Hudhaifa replied, "I do not
know anybody resembling the Prophet (to some
extent) in appearance and conduct more than Ibn
Um 'Abd.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 107:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
My brother and I came from Yemen, and for
some time we continued to consider 'Abdullah
bin Mas'ud as one of the members of the family
of the Prophet because we used to see him and
his mother going in the house of the Prophet very
often.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 108:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
Muawiya offered one Rak'a Witr prayer after the

'Isha prayer, and at that time a freed slave of Ibn

'Abbas was present. He (i.e. the slave) went to
Ibn 'Abbas (and told him that Muawiya offered
one Rak'a Witr prayer). Ibn Abbas said, "Leave
him, for he was in the company of Allah's
Apostle."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 109:
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika:
Somebody said to Ibn 'Abbas, "Can you speak
to the chief of the believers Muwaiya, as he does
not pray except one Rak'a as Witr?" Ibn 'Abbas
replied, "He is a Faqih (i.e. a learned man who
can give religious verdicts) ."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 110:
Narrated Humran bin Abbas:
Muawiya said (to the people), "You offer a
prayer which we, who were the companions of
the Prophet never saw the Prophet offering, and

he forbade its offering," i.e. the two Rakat after

the compulsory 'Asr prayer.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 111:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:

Allah's Apostle said, "Fatima is a part of me, and

whoever makes her angry, makes me angry."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 112:
Narrated Abu Salama:
'Aisha said, "Once Allah's Apostle said (to me),

'O Aish ('Aisha)! This is Gabriel greeting you.' I

said, 'Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be
on him, you see what I don't see' " She was
addressing Allah 's Apostle.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 113:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari:
Allah's Apostle said, "Many amongst men
attained perfection but amongst women none
attained the perfection except Mary, the daughter
of Imran and Asiya, the wife of Pharaoh. And the
superiority of 'Aisha to other women is like the

superiority of Tharid (i.e. an Arabic dish) to other

meals."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 114:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle said, "The superiority of 'Aisha

over other women is like the superiority of Tharid

to other meals."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 115:
Narrated Al-Qasim bin Muhammad:
Once 'Aisha became sick and Ibn 'Abbas went
to see her and said, "O mother of the believers!

You are leaving for truthful fore-runners i.e. for

Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr.
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 116:
Narrated Abu Wail:
When 'Ali sent 'Ammar and Al-Hasan to (the
people of) Kufa to urge them to fight, 'Ammar
addressed them saying, "I know that she (i.e.
'Aisha) is the wife of the Prophet in this world
and in the Hereafter (world to come), but Allah
has put you to test, whether you will follow Him
(i.e. Allah) or her."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 117:
Narrated 'Aisha:
That she borrowed a necklace from Asma' and it
was lost. Allah's Apostle sent some of his
companions to look for it. During their journey
the time of prayer was due and they prayed
without ablution. When they returned to the
Prophet they complained about it. So the Divine
Verse of Tayammum was revealed. Usaid bin
Hudair said (to 'Aisha), "May Allah reward you
handsomely. By Allah, whenever you have a
difficulty, Allah took you out of it and brought
with it, a Blessing for the Muslims."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 118:
Narrated Hisham's father:
When Allah's Apostle was in his fatal illness, he

started visiting his wives and saying, "Where will

I be tomorrow?" He was anxious to be in
'Aisha's home. 'Aisha said, "So when it was my
day, the Prophet became silent (no longer asked
the question)."
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 119:
Narrated Hisham's father:
The people used to send presents to the Prophet
on the day of 'Aisha's turn. 'Aisha said, "My
companions (i.e. the other wives of the Prophet)
gathered in the house of Um Salama and said, "0
Um Salama! By Allah, the people choose to
send presents on the day of 'Aisha's turn and we
too, love the good (i.e. presents etc.) as 'Aisha
does. You should tell Allah's Apostle to tell the
people to send their presents to him wherever he
may be, or wherever his turn may be." Um
Salama said that to the Prophet and he turned
away from her, and when the Prophet returned
to her (i.e. Um Salama), she repeated the same,
and the Prophet again turned away, and when
she told him the same for the third time, the
Prophet said, "O Um Salama! Don't trouble me
by harming 'Aisha, for by Allah, the Divine
Inspiration never came to me while I was under
the blanket of any woman amongst you except
her."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 58:
Merits of the Helpers in
Madinah (Ansaar)
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 120:
Narrated Ghailan bin Jarir:
I asked Anas, "Tell me about the name
'Al-Ansar.; Did you call yourselves by it or did

Allah call you by it?" He said, "Allah called us by

it." We used to visit Anas (at Basra) and he used
to narrate to us the virtues and deeds of the
Ansar, and he used to address me or a person
from the tribe of Al-Azd and say, "Your tribe did
so-and-so on such-and-such a day."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 121:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The day of Bu'ath (i.e. Day of fighting between
the two tribes of the Ansar, the Aus and
Khazraj) was brought about by Allah for the
good of His Apostle so that when Allah's
Apostle reached (Medina), the tribes of Medina
had already divided and their chiefs had been
killed and wounded. So Allah had brought about
the battle for the good of H is Apostle in order
that they (i.e. the Ansar) might embrace Islam.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 122:
Narrated Anas:
On the day of the Conquest of Mecca, when the
Prophet had given (from the booty) the Quraish,
the Ansar said, "By Allah, this is indeed very

strange: While our swords are still dribbling with

the blood of Quraish, our war booty are
distributed amongst them." When this news
reached the Prophet he called the Ansar and
said, "What is this news that has reached me
from you?" They used not to tell lies, so they
replied, "What has reached you is true." He said,
"Doesn't it please you that the people take the
booty to their homes and you take Allah's
Apostle to your homes? If the Ansar took their
way through a valley or a mountain pass, I would
take the Ansar's valley or a mountain pass."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 123:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet or Abul-Qasim said, "If the Ansar
took their way through a valley or a mountain
pass, I would take Ansar's valley. And but for
the migration, I would have been one of the
Ansar." Abu Huraira used to say, "The Prophet
is not unjust (by saying so). May my parents be
sacrificed for him, for the Ansar sheltered and
helped him," or said a similar sentence.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 124:
Narrated Sa'd's father:
When the emigrants reached Medina. Allah's
Apostle established the bond of fraternity
between 'Abdur-Rahman and Sad bin Ar-Rabi.
Sad said to 'Abdur-Rahman, "I am the richest of
all the Ansar, so I want to divide my property
(between us), and I have two wives, so see
which of the two you like and tell me, so that I
may divorce her, and when she finishes her
prescribed period (i.e. 'Idda) of divorce, then
marry her." Abdur-Rahman said, "May Allah
bless your family and property for you; where is
your market?" So they showed him the Qainuqa'
market. (He went there and) returned with a
profit in the form of dried yogurt and butter. He
continued going (to the market) till one day he
came, bearing the traces of yellow scent. The
Prophet asked, "What is this (scent)?" He
replied, "I got married." The Prophet asked,
"How much Mahr did you give her?" He replied,
"I gave her a date-stone of gold or a gold piece
equal to the weight of a date-stone." (The
narrator, Ibrahim, is in doubt as to which is
correct.)
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 125:
Narrated Anas:
When 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf came to us,
Allah's Apostle made a bond of fraternity
between him and Sad bin Ar-Rabi' who was a
rich man, Sad said, "The Ansar know that I am
the richest of all of them, so I will divide my
property into two parts between me and you,
and I have two wives; see which of the two you
like so that I may divorce her and you can marry
her after she becomes lawful to you by her
passing the prescribed period (i.e. 'Idda) of
divorce. 'Abdur Rahman said, "May Allah bless
you your family (i.e. wives) for you." (But
'Abdur-Rahman went to the market) and did not
return on that day except with some gain of dried
yogurt and butter. He went on trading just a few
days till he came to Allah's Apostle bearing the
traces of yellow scent over his clothes. Allah's
Apostle asked him, "What is this scent?" He
replied, "I have married a woman from the
Ansar." Allah's Apostle asked, "How much Mahr
have you given?" He said, "A date-stone weight
of gold or a golden date-stone." The Prophet
said, "Arrange a marriage banquet even with a
sheep."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 126:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Ansar said (to the Prophet ), "Please divide
the date-palm trees between us and them (i.e.
emigrants)." The Prophet said, "No." The Ansar
said, "Let them (i.e. the emigrants) do the labor
for us in the gardens and share the date-fruits
with us." The emigrants said, "We accepted this."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 127:
Narrated Al-Bara:
I heard the Prophet saying (or the Prophet said),
"None loves the Ansar but a believer, and none

hates them but a hypocrite. So Allah will love him

who loves them, and He will hate him who hates
them."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 128:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, "The sign of Belief is to love

the Ansar, and the sign of hypocrisy is to hate the

Ansar."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 129:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet saw the women and children (of the
Ansar) coming forward. (The sub-narrator said,

"I think that Anas said, 'They were returning from

a wedding party.") The Prophet stood up and
said thrice, "By Allah! You are from the most
beloved people to me."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 130:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Once an Ansari woman, accompanied by a son
of hers, came to Allah's Apostle. Allah's Apostle
spoke to her and said twice, "By Him in Whose
Hand my life is, you are the most beloved people
to me."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 131:
Narrated Zaid bin Al-Arqam:
The Annwar said, "O Allah's Apostle! Every
prophet has his own followers and we have
followed you. So will you invoke Allah to let our
followers be considered from us (as Ansar too)?"
So he invoked Allah accordingly.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 132:
Narrated Abu Hamza:
(A man from the Ansar) The Ansar said, "Every
nation has followers and (O Prophet) we have

followed you, so invoke Allah to let our followers

be considered from us (as Ansar like ourselves)."
So the Prophet said, "O Allah! Let their
followers be considered as Ansar like
themselves."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 133:
Narrated Abu Usaid:
The Prophet said, "The best of the Ansar's
families (homes) are those of Banu An-Najjar
and then (those of) Banu 'Abdul Ash-hal, then
(those of) Banu Al-Harith bin Al-Khazraj and

then (those of) Banu Sa'ida; nevertheless, there is

good in all the families (houses) of the Ansar."
On this, Sad (bin Ubada) said, "I see that the
Prophet has preferred some people to us."
Somebody said (to him), "No, but he has given
you superiority to many."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 134:
Narrated Abu Usaid:
That he heard the Prophet saying, "The best of
the Ansar, or the best of the Ansar families
(homes) are Banu An-Najjar, Bani 'Abdul
Ash-hal, Banu Al-Harith and Banu Sai'da."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 135:
Narrated Abu Humaid:
The Prophet said, "The best of the Ansar families
(homes) are the families (homes) of Banu
An-Najjar, and then that of Banu 'Abdul
Ash-hal, and then that of Banu Al-Harith, and
then that of Banu Saida; and there is good in all
the families (homes) of the Ansar." Sad bin
'Ubada followed us and said, "O Abu Usaid !
Don't you see that the Prophet compared the
Ansar and made us the last of them in
superiority?
Then Sad met the Prophet and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! In comparing the Ansar's families
(homes) as to the degree of superiority, you have
made us the last of them." Allah's Apostle

replied, "Isn't it sufficient that you are regarded

amongst the best?"
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 136:
Narrated Usaid bin Hudair:
A man from the Ansar said, "O Allah's Apostle!
Will you appoint me as you have appointed
so-and-so?" The Prophet said, "After me you
will see others given preference to you; so be

patient till you meet me at the Tank (i.e. Lake of

Kauthar). (on the Day of Resurrection)."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 137:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said to the Ansar, "After me you
will see others given preference to you; so be
patient till you meet me, and your promised place
(of meeting) will be the Tank (i.e. Lake of
Kauthar)."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 138:
Narrated Yahya bin Said:
That he heard Anas bin Malik when he went with
him to Al-Walid, saying, "Once the Prophet
called the Ansar in order to give them the
territory of Bahrain they said, 'No, unless you

give to our emigrant brethren a similar share.' On

that he said 'If you do not agree to it, then be

patient till you meet me, for after me others will

be given preference to you."'
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 139:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah's Apostle said, "There is no life except the

life of the Hereafter; so, O Allah! Improve the
state of the Ansar and the Muhajirun." And Anas
added that the Prophet also said, "O Allah!
Forgive the Ansar."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 140:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
On the day of the battle of the Trench (i.e.
Ghazwat-ul-Khandaq) the Ansar used to say,
"We are those who have given the pledge of
allegiance to Muhammad for Jihad (i.e. holy
fighting) as long as we live." The Prophet ,

replied to them, "O Allah! There is no life except

the life of the Hereafter; so please honor the
Ansar and the Emigrants."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 141:
Narrated Sahl:
Allah's Apostle came to us while we were
digging the trench and carrying out the earth on
our backs. Allah's Apostle then said, "O Allah !

There is no life except the life of the Hereafter, so

please forgive the Emigrants and the Ansar."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 142:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to the Prophet. The Prophet sent a
messenger to his wives (to bring something for
that man to eat) but they said that they had
nothing except water. Then Allah's Apostle said,

"Who will take this (person) or entertain him as a

guest?" An Ansar man said, "I." So he took him

to his wife and said to her, "Entertain generously

the guest of Allah's Apostle " She said, "We have
got nothing except the meals of my children." He
said, "Prepare your meal, light your lamp and let
your children sleep if they ask for supper." So
she prepared her meal, lighted her lamp and
made her children sleep, and then stood up
pretending to mend her lamp, but she put it off.
Then both of them pretended to be eating, but
they really went to bed hungry. In the morning
the Ansari went to Allah's Apostle who said,
"Tonight Allah laughed or wondered at your
action." Then Allah revealed:
"But give them (emigrants) preference over
themselves even though they were in need of that
And whosoever is saved from the covetousness
Such are they who will be successful." (59.9)
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 143:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Abu Bakr and Al-'Abbas passed by one of the
gatherings of the Ansar who were weeping then.
He (i.e. Abu Bakr or Al-'Abbas) asked, "Why
are you weeping?" They replied, "We are
weeping because we remember the gathering of
the Prophet with us." So Abu Bakr went to the
Prophet and told him of that. The Prophet came
out, tying his head with a piece of the hem of a
sheet. He ascended the pulpit which he never
ascended after that day. He glorified and praised
Allah and then said, "I request you to take care
of the Ansar as they are my near companions to
whom I confided my private secrets. They have
fulfilled their obligations and rights which were
enjoined on them but there remains what is for
them. So, accept the good of the good-doers
amongst them and excuse the wrongdoers
amongst them."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 144:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Allah's Apostle (in his fatal illness) came out
wrapped in a sheet covering his shoulders and his

head was tied with an oily tape of cloth till he sat

on the pulpit, and after praising and glorifying
Allah, he said, "Then-after, O people! The
people will go on increasing, but the Ansar will

go on decreasing till they become just like salt in

a meal. So whoever amongst you will be the ruler
and have the power to harm or benefit others,
should accept the good of the good-doers
amongst them and excuse the wrong-doers
amongst them."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 145:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, "The Ansar are my near
companions to whom I confided my private
secrets, People will go on increasing but the
Ansar will go on decreasing; so accept the good
of the good-doers amongst them and excuse the
wrong-doers amongst them. "
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 146:
Narrated Al-Bara:
A silken cloth was given as a present to the
Prophet . His companions started touching it and
admiring its softness. The Prophet said, "Are you
admiring its softness? The handkerchiefs of Sad
bin Muadh (in Paradise) are better and softer
than it."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 147:
Narrated Jabir:
I heard the Prophet saying, "The Throne (of
Allah) shook at the death of Sad bin Muadh."
Through another group of narrators, Jabir added,
"I heard the Prophet : saying, 'The Throne of the
Beneficent shook because of the death of Sad
bin Muadh."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 148:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Some people (i.e. the Jews of Bani bin Quraiza)
agreed to accept the verdict of Sad bin Muadh
so the Prophet sent for him (i.e. Sad bin Muadh).
He came riding a donkey, and when he
approached the Mosque, the Prophet said, "Get

up for the best amongst you." or said, "Get up for

your chief." Then the Prophet said, "O Sad!
These people have agreed to accept your
verdict." Sad said, "I judge that their warriors
should be killed and their children and women
should be taken as captives." The Prophet said,
"You have given a judgment similar to Allah's
Judgment (or the King's judgment)."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 149:
Narrated Anas:
Two men left the Prophet on a very dark night.
Suddenly a light came in front of them, and when
they separated, the light also separated along
with them.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 150:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
I heard the Prophet saying, "Learn the recitation
of Qur'an from four persons: Ibn Mas'ud, Salim,
the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa, Ubai and
Muadh bin Jabal."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 151:
Narrated the virtue of Sad bin Ubada:
Aisha said, "Before that, he (i.e. Sad) was a
pious man."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 152:
Narrated Abu Usaid:
Allah's Apostle said, "The best of the Ansar's
houses are those of Bani An-Najjar, then those
of Bani 'Abdul Ash-hal, then those of Bani
Al-Harith bin Al-Khazraj, then those of Bani
Saida; but there is goodness in all the houses of
the Ansar." Sad bin Ubada who was one of
those who embraced Islam early, said, "I see that

Allah's Apostle is giving others superiority above

us." Some people said to him, "But he has given
you superiority above many other people."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 153:
Narrated Masruq:
'Abdullah bin Masud was mentioned before

Abdullah bin 'Amr who said, "That is a man I still

love, as I heard the Prophet saying 'Learn the
recitation of Quran from four from 'Abdullah bin
Mas'ud --he started with him--Salim, the freed
slave of Abu Hudaifa, Mu'adh bin Jabal and
Ubai bin Ka'b."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 154:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said to Ubai, "Allah has ordered me
to recite to you: 'Those who disbelieve
(Surat-al-Bayina 98).' " Ubai said, "Has He
mentioned my name?" The Prophet said, "Yes."
On hearing this, Ubai started weeping.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 155:
Narrated Qatada:
Anas said, "The Quran was collected in the

lifetime of the Prophet by four (men), all of whom

were from the Ansar: Ubai, Muadh bin Jabal,
Abu Zaid and Zaid bin Thabit." I asked Anas,
"Who is Abu Zaid?" He said, "One of my
uncles."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 156:
Narrated Anas:
On the day of the battle of Uhud, the people ran
away, leaving the Prophet , but Abu- Talha was
shielding the Prophet with his shield in front of
him. Abu Talha was a strong, experienced archer
who used to keep his arrow bow strong and well
stretched. On that day he broke two or three
arrow bows. If any man passed by carrying a
quiver full of arrows, the Prophet would say to
him, "Empty it in front of Abu Talha." When the
Prophet stated looking at the enemy by raising
his head, Abu Talha said, "O Allah's Prophet!
Let my parents be sacrificed for your sake!
Please don't raise your head and make it visible,
lest an arrow of the enemy should hit you. Let my
neck and chest be wounded instead of yours."
(On that day) I saw 'Aisha, the daughter of Abu
Bakr and Um Sulaim both lifting their dresses up
so that I was able to see the ornaments of their
legs, and they were carrying the water skins of
their arms to pour the water into the mouths of
the thirsty people and then go back and fill them
and come to pour the water into the mouths of
the people again. (On that day) Abu Talha's
sword fell from his hand twice or thrice.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 157:
Narrated Sad bin Abi Waqqas:
I have never heard the Prophet saying about
anybody walking on the earth that he is from the
people of Paradise except 'Abdullah bin Salam.
The following Verse was revealed concerning
him: "And a witness from the children of Israel
testifies that this Qur'an is true" (46.10)
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 158:
Narrated Qais bin Ubad:
While I was sitting in the Mosque of Medina,
there entered a man (Abdullah bin Salam) with

signs of solemnity over his face. The people said,

"He is one of the people of Paradise." He prayed
two light Rakat and then left. I followed him and
said, "When you entered the Mosque, the people
said, 'He is one of the people of Paradise.' " He
said, "By Allah, one ought not say what he does

not know; and I will tell you why. In the lifetime

of the Prophet I had a dream which I narrated to
him. I saw as if I were in a garden." He then
described its extension and greenery. He added:

In its center there was an iron pillar whose lower

end was fixed in the earth and the upper end was
in the sky, and at its upper end there was a

(ring-shaped) hand-hold. I was told to climb it. I

said, "I can't." "Then a servant came to me and

lifted my clothes from behind and I climbed till I

reached the top (of the pillar). Then I got hold of

the hand-hold, and I was told to hold it tightly,
then I woke up and (the effect of) the hand-hold
was in my hand. I narrated al I that to the
Prophet who said, 'The garden is Islam, and the
hand-hold is the Most Truth-worthy Hand-Hold.
So you will remain as a Muslim till you die." The
narrator added: "The man was 'Abdullah bin
Salam."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 159:
Narrated Abu Burda:
When I came to Medina. I met Abdullah bin
Salam. He said, "Will you come to me so that I
may serve you with Sawiq (i.e. powdered
barley) and dates, and let you enter a (blessed)
house that in which the Prophet entered?" Then
he added, "You are In a country where the
practice of Riba (i.e. usury) is prevalent; so if
somebody owe you something and he sends you
a present of a load of chopped straw or a load of

barley or a load of provender then do not take it,

as it is Riba."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 160:
Narrated Jarir bin 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle has never refused to admit me
since I embraced Islam, and whenever he saw
me, he would smile. (In another narration) Jarir
bin 'Abdullah narrated: There was a house called
Dhul-Khalasa in the Pre-lslamic Period and it
was also called Al-Ka'ba Al-Yamaniya or
Al-Ka'ba Ash-Shamiya. Allah's Apostle said to
me, "Will you relieve me from Dhul-Khalasa?"

So I left for it with 150 cavalrymen from the tribe

of Ahmas and then we destroyed it and killed
whoever we found there. Then we came to the
Prophet and informed him about it. He invoked
good upon us and upon the tribe of Ahmas.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 161:
Narrated 'Aisha:
On the day of the battle of Uhud the pagans
were defeated completely. Then Satan shouted
loudly, "O Allah's slaves! Beware the ones
behind you!" So the front files attacked the back
ones. Then Hudhaifa looked and saw his father,
and said loudly, "O Allah's slaves! My father!
My father!" By Allah, they did not stop till they

killed him (i.e. Hudaifa's father). Hudhaifa said,

"May Allah forgive you!" The sub-narrator said,
"By Allah, because of what Hudhaifa said, he
remained in a good state till he met Allah (i.e.
died)."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 162:
Narrated 'Ali:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying (as below).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 163:
Narrated 'Ali:
The Prophet said, "The best of the world's
women is Mary (at her lifetime), and the best of
the world's women is Khadija (at her lifetime)."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 164:
Narrated

'Aisha: I did not feel jealous of any of the wives

of the Prophet as much as I did of Khadija
(although) she died before he married me, for I
often heard him mentioning her, and Allah had
told him to give her the good tidings that she
would have a palace of Qasab (i.e. pipes of
precious stones and pearls in Paradise), and
whenever he slaughtered a sheep, he would send
her women-friends a good share of it.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 165:
Narrated 'Aisha:
I did not feel jealous of any woman as much as I
did of Khadija because Allah's Apostle used to
mention her very often. He married me after
three years of her death, and his Lord (or
Gabriel) ordered him to give her the good news
of having a palace of Qasab in Paradise.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 166:
Narrated 'Aisha:
I did not feel jealous of any of the wives of the
Prophet as much as I did of Khadija though I did
not see her, but the Prophet used to mention her
very often, and when ever he slaughtered a
sheep, he would cut its parts and send them to
the women friends of Khadija. When I
sometimes said to him, "(You treat Khadija in
such a way) as if there is no woman on earth
except Khadija," he would say, "Khadija was
such-and-such, and from her I had children."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 167:
Narrated Ismail:
I asked 'Abdullah bin Abi Aufa, "Did the Prophet

give glad tidings to Khadija?" He said, "Yes, of a

palace of Qasab (in Paradise) where there will
be neither any noise nor any fatigue."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 168:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Gabriel came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! This is Khadija coming to you with a
dish having meat soup (or some food or drink).
When she reaches you, greet her on behalf of her
Lord (i.e. Allah) and on my behalf, and give her
the glad tidings of having a Qasab palace in
Paradise wherein there will be neither any noise
nor any fatigue (trouble) . "
Narrated 'Aisha: Once Hala bint Khuwailid,
Khadija's sister, asked the permission of the
Prophet to enter. On that, the Prophet
remembered the way Khadija used to ask
permission, and that upset him. He said, "O
Allah! Hala!" So I became jealous and said,
"What makes you remember an old woman
amongst the old women of Quraish an old
woman (with a teethless mouth) of red gums who
died long ago, and in whose place Allah has
given you somebody better than her?"
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 169:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
The Prophet met Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail in the
bottom of (the valley of) Baldah before any
Divine Inspiration came to the Prophet. A meal
was presented to the Prophet but he refused to
eat from it. (Then it was presented to Zaid) who

said, "I do not eat anything which you slaughter in

the name of your stone idols. I eat none but those

things on which Allah's Name has been
mentioned at the time of slaughtering." Zaid bin
'Amr used to criticize the way Quraish used to
slaughter their animals, and used to say, "Allah
has created the sheep and He has sent the water
for it from the sky, and He has grown the grass

for it from the earth; yet you slaughter it in other

than the Name of Allah. He used to say so, for
he rejected that practice and considered it as
something abominable.
Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail
went to Sham, inquiring about a true religion to
follow. He met a Jewish religious scholar and

asked him about their religion. He said, "I intend

to embrace your religion, so tell me some thing
about it." The Jew said, "You will not embrace
our religion unless you receive your share of
Allah's Anger." Zaid said, "'I do not run except

from Allah's Anger, and I will never bear a bit of

it if I have the power to avoid it. Can you tell me

of some other religion?" He said, "I do not know
any other religion except the Hanif." Zaid
enquired, "What is Hanif?" He said, "Hanif is the
religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was
neither a Jew nor a Christian, and he used to
worship None but Allah (Alone)" Then Zaid
went out and met a Christian religious scholar
and told him the same as before. The Christian
said, "You will not embrace our religion unless

you get a share of Allah's Curse." Zaid replied, "I

do not run except from Allah's Curse, and I will
never bear any of Allah's Curse and His Anger if
I have the power to avoid them. Will you tell me
of some other religion?" He replied, "I do not
know any other religion except Hanif." Zaid
enquired, "What is Hanif?" He replied, Hanif is
the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was
neither a Jew nor a Christian and he used to
worship None but Allah (Alone)" When Zaid
heard their Statement about (the religion of)
Abraham, he left that place, and when he came
out, he raised both his hands and said, "O Allah!
I make You my Witness that I am on the religion
of Abraham."
Narrated Asma bint Abi Bakr: I saw Zaid bin
Amr bin Nufail standing with his back against the
Ka'ba and saying, "O people of Quraish! By
Allah, none amongst you is on the religion of
Abraham except me." He used to preserve the

lives of little girls: If somebody wanted to kill his

daughter he would say to him, "Do not kill her for

I will feed her on your behalf." So he would take
her, and when she grew up nicely, he would say
to her father, "Now if you want her, I will give
her to you, and if you wish, I will feed her on
your behalf."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 170:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
When the Ka'ba was rebuilt, the Prophet and
'Abbas went to carry stones. 'Abbas said to the
Prophet "(Take off and) put your waist sheet
over your neck so that the stones may not hurt

you." (But as soon as he took off his waist sheet)

he fell unconscious on the ground with both his
eyes towards the sky. When he came to his
senses, he said, "My waist sheet! My waist
sheet!" Then he tied his waist sheet (round his
waist).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 171:
Narrated 'Amr bin Dinar and 'Ubaidullah bin Abi
Yazid:
In the lifetime of the Prophet there was no wall
around the Ka'ba and the people used to pray
around the Ka'ba till 'Umar became the Caliph

and he built the wall around it. 'Ubaidullah further

said, "Its wall was low, so Ibn Az-Zubair built it."

Volume 5, Book 58, Number 172:
Narrated 'Aisha:
'Ashura' (i.e. the tenth of Muharram) was a day
on which the tribe of Quraish used to fast in the
pre-lslamic period of ignorance. The Prophet
also used to fast on this day. So when he
migrated to Medina, he fasted on it and ordered
(the Muslims) to fast on it. When the fasting of
Ramadan was enjoined, it became optional for
the people to fast or not to fast on the day of
Ashura.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 173:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The people used to consider the performance of
'Umra in the months of Hajj an evil deed on the
earth, and they used to call the month of
Muharram as Safar and used to say, "When (the
wounds over) the backs (of the camels) have
healed and the foot-marks (of the camels) have
vanished (after coming from Hajj), then 'Umra
becomes legal for the one who wants to perform
'Umra." Allah's Apostle and his companions
reached Mecca assuming Ihram for Hajj on the
fourth of Dhul-Hijja. The Prophet ordered his
companions to perform 'Umra (with that lhram
instead of Hajj). They asked, "O Allah's Apostle!
What kind of finishing of Ihram?" The Prophet
said, "Finish the Ihram completely.'
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 174:
Narrated Sa'id bin Al-Musaiyab's grand-father:
In the pre-lslamic period of ignorance a flood of

rain came and filled the valley in between the two

mountains (around the Ka'ba)......
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 175:
Narrated Qais bin Abi Hazim:
Abu Bakr went to a lady from the Ahmas tribe
called Zainab bint Al-Muhajir and found that she
refused to speak. He asked, "Why does she not
speak." The people said, "She has intended to
perform Hajj without speaking." He said to her,

"Speak, for it is illegal not to speak, as it is an

action of the pre-islamic period of ignorance. So
she spoke and said, "Who are you?" He said, "A
man from the Emigrants." She asked, "Which
Emigrants?" He replied, "From Quraish." She
asked, "From what branch of Quraish are you?"
He said, "You ask too many questions; I am Abu
Bakr." She said, "How long shall we enjoy this

good order (i.e. Islamic religion) which Allah has

brought after the period of ignorance?" He said,
"You will enjoy it as long as your Imams keep on
abiding by its rules and regulations." She asked,
"What are the Imams?" He said, "Were there not
heads and chiefs of your nation who used to
order the people and they used to obey them?"
She said, "Yes." He said, "So they (i.e. the
Imams) are those whom I meant."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 176:
Narrated 'Aisha:
A black lady slave of some of the 'Arabs
embraced Islam and she had a hut in the mosque.
She used to visit us and talk to us, and when she

finished her talk, she used to say: "The day of the

scarf was one of our Lord's wonders: Verily! He
has delivered me from the land of Kufr." When
she said the above verse many times, I (i.e.
'Aisha) asked her, "What was the day of the
scarf?" She replied, "Once the daughter of some
of my masters went out and she was wearing a
leather scarf (round her neck) and the leather
scarf fell from her and a kite descended and
picked it up, mistaking it for a piece of meat.
They (i.e. my masters) accused me of stealing it
and they tortured me to such an extent that they
even looked for it in my private parts. So, while
they all were around me, and I was in my great
distress, suddenly the kite came over our heads
and threw the scarf, and they took it. I said to
them 'This is what you accused me of stealing,
though I was innocent."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 177:
Narrated 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "If anybody has to take an
oath, he should swear only by Allah." The people

of Quraish used to swear by their fathers, but the

Prophet said, "Do not swear by your fathers. "
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 178:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Qasim:
Al-Qasim used to walk in front of the funeral
procession. He used not to get up for the funeral
procession (in case it passed by him). And he
narrated from 'Aisha that she said, "The people
of the pre-lslamic period of ignorance used to
stand up for the funeral procession. When they
saw it they used to say twice: 'You were noble in
your family. What are you now?"
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 179:
Narrated 'Umar:
The pagans used not to leave Jam' (i.e.
Muzdalifa) till the sun had risen on Thabir
mountain. The Prophet contradicted them by
leaving (Muzdalifa) before the sun rose.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 180:
Narrated Husain:
That Ikrima said, "Kasan Dihaqa means glass full
(of something) followed successively with other

full glasses." Ibn 'Abbas said, "In the pre-lslamic

period of ignorance I heard my father saying,
"Provide us with Kasan Dihaqa."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 181:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The most true words said by
a poet was the words of Labid." He said, Verily,
Everything except Allah is perishable and Umaiya
bin As-Salt was about to be a Muslim (but he
did not embrace Islam).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 182:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Abu Bakr had a slave who used to give him
some of his earnings. Abu Bakr used to eat from
it. One day he brought something and Abu Bakr
ate from it. The slave said to him, "Do you know
what this is?" Abu Bakr then enquired, "What is
it?" The slave said, "Once, in the pre-Islamic
period of ignorance I foretold somebody's future
though I did not know this knowledge of
foretelling but I, cheated him, and when he met
me, he gave me something for that service, and
that is what you have eaten from." Then Abu
Bakr put his hand in his mouth and vomited
whatever was present in his stomach.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 183:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
In the pre-lslamic period of ignorance the people
used to bargain with the meat of camels on the
principle of Habal-al-Habala which meant the
sale of a she-camel that would be born by a
she-camel that had not yet been born. The
Prophet forbade them such a transaction.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 184:
Narrated Ghailan bin Jarir:
We used to visit Anas bin Malik and he used to
talk to us about the Ansar, and used to say to
me: "Your people did so-and-so on
such-and-such a day, and your people did
so-and-so on such-and-such a day."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 185:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The first event of Qasama in the pre-lslamic
period of ignorance was practiced by us (i.e.
Banu Hashim). A man from Banu Hashim was
employed by a Quraishi man from another
branch-family. The (Hashimi) laborer set out with
the Quraishi driving his camels. There passed by
him another man from Banu Hashim. The leather
rope of the latter's bag had broken so he said to
the laborer, "Will you help me by giving me a

rope in order to tie the handle of my bag lest the

camels should run away from me?" The laborer

gave him a rope and the latter tied his bag with it.

When the caravan halted, all the camels' legs

were tied with their fetters except one camel. The

employer asked the laborer, "Why, from among
all the camels has this camel not been fettered?"
He replied, "There is no fetter for it." The

Quraishi asked, "Where is its fetter?" and hit the

laborer with a stick that caused his death (later
on Just before his death) a man from Yemen
passed by him. The laborer asked (him), "Will
you go for the pilgrimage?" He replied, "I do not

think I will attend it, but perhaps I will attend it."

The (Hashimi) laborer said, "Will you please
convey a message for me once in your life?" The
other man said, "yes." The laborer wrote: 'When
you attend the pilgrimage, call the family of
Quraish, and if they respond to you, call the
family of Banu Hashim, and if they respond to
you, ask about Abu Talib and tell him that
so-and-so has killed me for a fetter." Then the
laborer expired. When the employer reached
(Mecca), Abu Talib visited him and asked,
"What has happened to our companion?" He

said, "He became ill and I looked after him nicely

(but he died) and I buried him." Then Abu Talib
said, "The deceased deserved this from you."
After some time, the messenger whom the
laborer has asked to convey the message,
reached during the pilgrimage season. He called,
"O the family of Quraish!" The people replied,

"This is Quraish." Then he called, "O the family of

Banu Hashim!" Again the people replied, "This is
Banu Hashim." He asked, "Who is Abu Talib?"
The people replied, "This is Abu Talib." He said,
"'So-and-so has asked me to convey a message
to you that so-and-so has killed him for a fetter
(of a camel)." Then Abu Talib went to the
(Quraishi) killer and said to him, "Choose one of
three alternatives: (i) If you wish, give us
one-hundred camels because you have murdered
our companion, (ii) or if you wish, fifty of your
men should take an oath that you have not
murdered our companion, and if you do not

accept this, (iii) we will kill you in Qisas." The

killer went to his people and they said, "We will
take an oath." Then a woman from Banu Hashim
who was married to one of them (i.e.the
Quraishis) and had given birth to a child from
him, came to Abu Talib and said, "O Abu Talib!
I wish that my son from among the fifty men,
should be excused from this oath, and that he
should not take the oath where the oath-taking is
carried on." Abu Talib excused him. Then
another man from them came (to Abu Talib) and
said, "O Abu Talib! You want fifty persons to
take an oath instead of giving a hundred camels,
and that means each man has to give two camels
(in case he does not take an oath). So there are
two camels I would like you to accept from me
and excuse me from taking an oath where the
oaths are taken. Abu Talib accepted them from
him. Then 48 men came and took the oath. Ibn
'Abbas further said:) By Him in Whose Hand my

life is, before the end of that year, none of those

48 persons remained alive.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 186:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah caused the day of Buath to take place
before Allah's Apostle was sent (as an Apostle)
so that when Allah's Apostle reached Medina,
those people had already divided (in different
groups) and their chiefs had been killed or
wounded. So Allah made that day precede

Allah's Apostle so that they (i.e. the Ansar) might

embrace Islam.
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: To run along the valley
between two green pillars of Safa and Marwa
(mountains) was not Sunna, but the people in the
pre-islamic period of ignorance used to run along
it, and used to say: "We do not cross this rain
stream except running strongly. "
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 187:
Narrated Abu As-Safar:
I heard Ibn 'Abbas saying, "O people! Listen to
what I say to you, and let me hear whatever you
say, and don't go (without understanding), and
start saying, 'Ibn 'Abbas said so-and-so, Ibn
'Abbas said so-and-so, Ibn 'Abbas said
so-and-so.' He who wants to perform the Tawaf
around the Ka'ba should go behind Al-Hijr (i.e. a
portion of the Ka'ba left out unroofed) and do

not call it Al-Hatim, for in the pre-Islamic period

of ignorance if any man took an oath, he used to
throw his whip, shoes or bow in it.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 188:
Narrated 'Amr bin Maimun:
During the pre-lslamic period of ignorance I saw
a she-monkey surrounded by a number of
monkeys. They were all stoning it, because it had

committed illegal sexual intercourse. I too, stoned

it along with them.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 189:
Narrated Sufyan:
'Ubaidullah said: "I heard Ibn 'Abbas saying,
"Following are some traits of the people of the
pre-Islamic period of ignorance (i) to defame the

ancestry of other families, (ii) and to wail over the

dead." 'Ubaidullah forgot the third trait. Sufyan
said, "They say it (i.e. the third trait) was to
believe that rain was caused by the influence of

stars (i.e. if a special star appears it will rain)."

Volume 5, Book 58, Number 190:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Allah's Apostle was inspired Divinely at the age
of forty. Then he stayed in Mecca for thirteen
years, and then was ordered to migrate, and he
migrated to Medina and stayed there for ten
years and then died.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 191:
Narrated Khabbaba:
I came to the Prophet while he was leaning

against his sheet cloak in the shade of the Ka'ba.

We were suffering greatly from the pagans in

those days. i said (to him). "Will you invoke Allah

(to help us)?" He sat down with a red face and
said, "(A believer among) those who were before
you used to be combed with iron combs so that

nothing of his flesh or nerves would remain on his

bones; yet that would never make him desert his
religion. A saw might be put over the parting of
his head which would be split into two parts, yet
all that would never make him abandon his

religion. Allah will surely complete this religion

(i.e. Islam) so that a traveler from Sana to
Hadra-maut will not be afraid of anybody except
Allah." (The sub-narrator, Baiyan added, "Or the
wolf, lest it should harm his sheep.")
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 192:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The Prophet recited Surat An-Najam and
prostrated, and there was nobody who did not
prostrate then except a man whom I saw taking a

handful of pebbles, lifting it, and prostrating on it.

He then said, "This is sufficient for me." No
doubt I saw him killed as a disbeliever
afterwards.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 193:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
While the Prophet was prostrating, surrounded
by some of Quraish, 'Uqba bin Abi Mu'ait

brought the intestines (i.e. abdominal contents) of

a camel and put them over the back of the

Prophet. The Prophet did not raise his head, (till)

Fatima, came and took it off his back and cursed
the one who had done the harm. The Prophet
said, "O Allah! Destroy the chiefs of Quraish,
Abu Jahl bin Hisham, 'Utba bin Rabi'al, Shaba
bin Rabi'a, Umaiya bin Khalaf or Ubai bin
Khalaf." (The sub-narrator Shu'ba, is not sure of
the last name.) I saw these people killed on the
day of Badr battle and thrown in the well except
Umaiya or Ubai whose body parts were
mutilated but he was not thrown in the well.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 194:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
'AbdurRahman bin Abza said, "Ask Ibn 'Abbas
about these two Qur'anic Verses: 'Nor kill such
life as Allah has made sacred, Except for just
cause.' (25.168) "And whoever kills a believer
intentionally, his recompense is Hell. (4.93)
So I asked Ibn 'Abbas who said, "When the
Verse that is in Sura-al-Furqan was revealed, the
pagans of Mecca said, 'But we have slain such
life as Allah has made sacred, and we have
invoked other gods along with Allah, and we
have also committed fornication.' So Allah
revealed:-- 'Except those who repent, believe,
and do good-- (25.70)
So this Verse was concerned with those people.
As for the Verse in Surat-an-Nisa (4-93), it
means that if a man, after understanding Islam
and its laws and obligations, murders somebody,

then his punishment is to dwell in the (Hell) Fire

forever." Then I mentioned this to Mujahid who
said, "Except the one who regrets (one's crime) .
"
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 195:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
I asked Ibn Amr bin Al-As, "Tell me of the worst
thing which the pagans did to the Prophet." He
said, "While the Prophet was praying in the Hijr
of the Ka'ba; 'Uqba bin Abi Mu'ait came and put
his garment around the Prophet's neck and
throttled him violently. Abu Bakr came and
caught him by his shoulder and pushed him away
from the Prophet and said, "Do you want to kill a
man just because he says, 'My Lord is Allah?' "
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 196:
Narrated 'Urwa:
As above (Hadith 195).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 197:
Narrated 'Ammar bin Yasir:
I saw Allah's Apostle , and the only converts (to
Islam) with him, were five slaves, two women
and Abu Bakr.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 198:
Narrated Abu Ishaq Saud bin Abi Waqqas:
None embraced Islam, except on the day I
embraced it. And for seven days I was one of
the three persons who were Muslims (one-third
of Islam).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 199:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman:
"I asked Masruq, 'Who informed the Prophet
about the Jinns at the night when they heard the
Qur'an?' He said, 'Your father 'Abdullah
informed me that a tree informed the Prophet
about them.' "
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 200:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
That once he was in the, company of the Prophet
carrying a water pot for his ablution and for

cleaning his private parts. While he was following

him carrying it(i.e. the pot), the Prophet said,
"Who is this?" He said, "I am Abu Huraira." The
Prophet said, "Bring me stones in order to clean
my private parts, and do not bring any bones or
animal dung." Abu Huraira went on narrating: So
I brought some stones, carrying them in the
corner of my robe till I put them by his side and
went away. When he finished, I walked with him
and asked, "What about the bone and the animal
dung?" He said, "They are of the food of Jinns.
The delegate of Jinns of (the city of) Nasibin
came to me--and how nice those Jinns
were--and asked me for the remains of the
human food. I invoked Allah for them that they
would never pass by a bone or animal dung but
find food on them."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 201:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
When Abu Dhar received the news of the
Advent of the Prophet he said to his brother,

"Ride to this valley (of Mecca) and try to find out

the truth of the person who claims to be a
prophet who is informed of the news of Heaven.
Listen to what he says and come back to me."
So his brother set out and came to the Prophet

and listened to some of his talks, and returned to

Abu Dhar and said to him. "I have seen him
enjoining virtuous behavior and saying something
that is not poetry." Abu Dhar said, "You have not
satisfied me as to what I wanted." He then took
his journey-food and carried a water-skin of his,
containing some water till be reached Mecca. He
went to the Mosque and searched for the
Prophet and though he did not know him, he
hated to ask anybody about him. When a part of
the night had passed away, 'Ali saw him and
knew that he was a stranger. So when Abu Dhar
saw 'Ali, he followed him, and none of them
asked his companion about anything, and when it
was dawn, Abu Dhar took his journey food and
his water-skin to the Mosque and stayed there all
the day long without being perceived by the
Prophet, and when it was evening, he came back

to his retiring place. 'Ali passed by him and said,

"Has the man not known his dwelling place yet?"
So 'Ali awakened him and took him with him and
none of them spoke to the other about anything.
When it was the third day. 'Ali did the same and
Abu Dhar stayed with him. Then 'Ali said "Will
you tell me what has brought you here?" Abu
Dhar said, "If you give me a firm promise that
you will guide me, then I will tell you." 'Ali
promised him, and he informed 'Ali about the

matter. 'Ali said, "It is true, and he is the Apostle

of Allah. Next morning when you get up,
accompany me, and if I see any danger for you, I

will stop as if to pass water, but if I go on, follow

me and enter the place which I will enter." Abu

Dhar did so, and followed 'Ali till he entered the

place of the Prophet, and Abu Dhar went in with
him, Abu Dhar listened to some of the Prophet's
talks and embraced Islam on the spot. The
Prophet said to him, "Go back to your people
and inform them (about it) till you receive my
order." Abu Dhar said, "By Him in Whose Hand
my life is, I will proclaim my conversion loudly
amongst them (i.e. the pagans)." So he went out,
and when he reached the Mosque, he said as
loudly as possible, "I bear witness that None has
the right to be worshipped except Allah, and
Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah." The People
got up and beat him painfully. Then Al-Abbas
came and knelt over him ((to protect him) and
said (to the people), "Woe to you! Don't you
know that this man belongs to the tribe of Ghifar
and your trade to Sha'm is through their way?"
So he rescued him from them. Abu Dhar again
did the same the next day. They beat him and
took vengeance on him and again Al-Abbas
knelt over him (to protect him).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 202:
Narrated Qais:
I heard Said bin Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail saying
in the mosque of Al-Kufa. "By Allah, I have seen
myself tied and forced by 'Umar to leave Islam
before 'Umar himself embraced Islam. And if the
mountain of Uhud could move from its place for
the evil which you people have done to 'Uthman,
then it would have the right to move from its
place."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 203:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mus'ud:
We have been powerful since 'Umar embraced
Islam.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 204:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
While 'Umar was at home in a state of fear, there
came Al-'As bin Wail As-Sahmi Abu 'Amr,
wearing an embroidered cloak and a shirt having
silk hems. He was from the tribe of Bani Sahm
who were our allies during the pre-Islamic period
of ignorance. Al-'As said to 'Umar "What is
wrong with you?" He said, "Your people claim
that they would kill me if I become a Muslim."
Al-'As said, "Nobody will harm you after I have
given protection to you." So Al-'As went out and
met the people streaming in the whole valley. He
said, "Where are you going?" They said, "We
want Ibn Al-Khattab who has embraced Islam."
Al-'As said, "There is no way for anybody to
touch him." So the people retreated.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 205:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
When 'Umar embraced Islam, all The
(disbelieving) people gathered around his home
and said, "'Umar has embraced Islam." At that
time I was still a boy and was on the roof of my
house. There came a man wearing a cloak of
Dibaj (i.e. a kind of silk), and said, "Umar has
embraced Islam. Nobody can harm him for I am
his protector." I then saw the people going away
from 'Umar and asked who the man was, and
they said, "Al-'As bin Wail."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 206:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
I never heard 'Umar saying about something that
he thought it would be so-and-so, but he was
quite right. Once, while 'Umar was sitting, a
handsome man passed by him, 'Umar said, "If I

am not wrong, this person is still on his religion of

the pre-lslamic period of ignorance or he was
their foreteller. Call the man to me." When the

man was called to him, he told him of his thought.

The man said, "I have never seen such a day on
which a Muslim is faced with such an
accusation." 'Umar said, "I am determined that
you should tell me the truth." He said, "I was a

foreteller in the pre-lslamic period of ignorance."

Then 'Umar said, "Tell me the most astonishing
thing your female Jinn has told you of." He said,
"One-day while I was in the market, she came to
me scared and said, 'Haven't you seen the Jinns
and their despair and they were overthrown after
their defeat (and prevented from listening to the
news of the heaven) so that they (stopped going
to the sky and) kept following camel-riders (i.e.
'Arabs)?" 'Umar said, "He is right." and added,
"One day while I was near their idols, there came

a man with a calf and slaughtered it as a sacrifice

(for the idols). An (unseen) creature shouted at
him, and I have never heard harsher than his
voice. He was crying, 'O you bold evil-doer! A
matter of success! An eloquent man is saying:
None has the right to be worshipped except you

(O Allah).' On that the people fled, but I said, 'I

shall not go away till I know what is behind this.'

Then the cry came again: 'O you bold evil-doer!
A matter of success! An eloquent man is saying:
None has the right to be worshipped except
Allah.' I then went away and a few days later it
was said, "A prophet has appeared."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 207:
Narrated Qais:
I heard Said bin Zaid saying to the people, "If
you but saw me and 'Umar's sister tied and
forced by 'Umar to leave Islam while he was not
yet a Muslim. And if the mountain of Uhud could
move from its place for the evil which you people
have done to Uthman, it would have the right to
do that."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 208:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The people of Mecca asked Allah's Apostle to
show them a miracle. So he showed them the
moon split in two halves between which they saw
the Hiram' mountain.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 209:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The moon was split ( into two pieces ) while we
were with the Prophet in Mina. He said, "Be
witnesses." Then a Piece of the moon went
towards the mountain.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 210:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
During the lifetime of Allah's Apostle the moon
was split (into two places).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 211:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The moon was split (into two pieces).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 212:
Narrated 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi bin Al-Khiyar:
That Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and
'Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Aswad bin 'Abu Yaghuth
had said to him, "What prevents you from
speaking to your uncle 'Uthman regarding his
brother Al-Walid bin 'Uqba?" The people were
speaking against the latter for what he had done.
'Ubaidullah said, "So I kept waiting for 'Uthman,
and when he went out for the prayer, I said to
him, 'I have got something to say to you as a
piece of advice.' 'Uthman said, 'O man! I seek
Refuge with Allah from you. So I went away.
When I finished my prayer, I sat with Al-Miswar
and Ibn 'Abu Yaghuth and talked to both of them
of what I had said to 'Uthman and what he had
said to me. They said, 'You have done your

duty.' So while I was sitting with them. 'Uthman's

Messenger came to me. They said, 'Allah has put
you to trial." I set out and when I reached
'Uthman, he said, 'What is your advice which you
mentioned a while ago?' I recited Tashahhud and
added, 'Allah has sent Muhammad and has
revealed the Holy Book (i.e. Quran) to him. You
(O Uthman!) were amongst those who
responded to the call of Allah and His Apostle
and had faith in him. And you took part in the
first two migrations (to Ethiopia and to Medina),
and you enjoyed the company of Allah's Apostle
and learned his traditions and advice. Now the
people are talking much about Al-Walid bin
'Uqba and so it is your duty to impose on him the
legal punishment.' 'Uthman then said to me, 'O
my nephew! Did you ever meet Allah's Apostle
?' I said, 'No, but his knowledge has reached me
as it has reached the virgin in her seclusion.'
'Uthman then recited Tashahhud and said, 'No
doubt, Allah has sent Muhammad with the Truth
and has revealed to him His Holy Book (i.e.
Quran) and I was amongst those who responded
to the call of Allah and His Apostle and I had
faith in Muhammad's Mission, and I had
performed the first two migrations as you have
said, and I enjoyed the company of Allah's
Apostle and gave the pledge of allegiance to him.
By Allah, I never disobeyed him and never
cheated him till Allah caused him to die. Then
Allah made Abu Bakr Caliph, and by Allah, I
was never disobedient to him, nor did I cheat
him. Then 'Umar became Caliph, and by Allah, I
was never disobedient to him, nor did I cheat
him. Then I became Caliph. Have I not then the
same rights over you as they had over me?' I
replied in the affirmative. 'Uthman further said,
'The what are these talks which are reaching me
from you? As for what you ha mentioned about

Al-Walid bin 'Uqb; Allah willing, I shall give him

the leg; punishment justly. Then Uthman ordered
that Al-Walid be flogged fort lashes. He ordered

'Ali to flog him an he himself flogged him as well."

Volume 5, Book 58, Number 213:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Um Habiba and Um Salama mentioned a church
they had seen in Ethiopia and in the church there
were pictures. When they told the Prophet of
this, he said, "Those people are such that if a
pious man amongst them died, they build a place
of worship over his grave and paint these

pictures in it. Those people will be Allah's worst

creatures on the Day of Resurrection . "
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 214:
Narrated Um Khalid bint Khalid:
When I came from Ethiopia (to Medina), I was a
young girl. Allah's Apostle made me wear a sheet
having marks on it. Allah's Apostle was rubbing
those marks with his hands saying, "Sanah!
Sanah!" (i.e. good, good).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 215:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
We used to greet the Prophet while he used to
be in prayers, and he used to reply to our
greetings. But when we came back from Najashi
(the King of Ethiopia) we greeted him (while he
was praying) and he did not reply to us. We said,
"O Allah's Apostle! We used to greet you in the
past and you used to reply to us." He said,
"Verily The Mind is occupied and busy with
more important matter during the prayer." (So
one cannot return One's greetings.)
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 216:
Narrated Abu Musa:
We received the news of the departure of the
Prophet (to Medina) while we were in Yemen.
So we went on board a ship but our ship took us
away to An-Najashi (the Negus) in Ethiopia.
There we met Ja'far bin Abi Talib and stayed
with him till we came (to Medina) by the time
when the Prophet had conquered Khaibar. The
Prophet said, "O you people of the ship! You
will have (the reward of) two migrations."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 217:
Narrated Jabir:
When Negus died, the Prophet said, "Today a
pious man has died. So get up and offer the
funeral prayer for your brother Ashama
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 218:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah Al-Ansari:
Allah's Apostle led the funeral prayer for the
Negus and made us stand in rows behind him
and I was in the second or third row.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 219:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet offered the funeral prayer for
Ashama, the Negus, with four Takbir.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 220:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
that Allah's Apostle informed them (i.e. his
companions) of the death of Negus, the king of
Ethiopia, on the very day on which the latter
died, and said, "Ask Allah's Forgiveness for your
brother" Abu Huraira further said, "Allah's
Apostle made them (i.e. the Muslims) stand in
rows at the Musalla (i.e. praying place) and led
the funeral prayer for the Negus and said four
Takbir."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 221:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle, while going out for the battle of

Hunain, said, "Tomorrow Allah willing, we will
encamp at Khaif Bani Kinana where the
pagans(of Quraish) took the oath of Kufr
(against the Prophet i.e. to be loyal to
heathenism, by boycotting Banu Hashim, the
Prophet's folk, See Hadith No. 659 Vol. 2) .
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 222:
Narrated Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib:
That he said to the Prophet "You have not been
of any avail to your uncle (Abu Talib) (though)
by Allah, he used to protect you and used to
become angry on your behalf." The Prophet said,
"He is in a shallow fire, and had It not been for
me, he would have been in the bottom of the
(Hell) Fire."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 223:
Narrated Al-Musaiyab:
When Abu Talib was in his death bed, the
Prophet went to him while Abu Jahl was sitting
beside him. The Prophet said, "O my uncle! Say:
None has the right to be worshipped except

Allah, an expression I will defend your case with,

before Allah." Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Umaya

said, "O Abu Talib! Will you leave the religion of

'Abdul Muttalib?" So they kept on saying this to
him so that the last statement he said to them
(before he died) was: "I am on the religion of
'Abdul Muttalib." Then the Prophet said, " I will
keep on asking for Allah's Forgiveness for you
unless I am forbidden to do so." Then the
following Verse was revealed:--

"It is not fitting for the Prophet and the believers

to ask Allah's Forgiveness for the pagans, even if

they were their near relatives, after it has become

clear to them that they are the dwellers of the
(Hell) Fire." (9.113)
The other Verse was also revealed:-- "(O
Prophet!) Verily, you guide not whom you like,
but Allah guides whom He will ......." (28.56)
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 224:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
That he heard the Prophet when somebody
mentioned his uncle (i.e. Abu Talib), saying,

"Perhaps my intercession will be helpful to him on

the Day of Resurrection so that he may be put in

a shallow fire reaching only up to his ankles. His

brain will boil from it."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 225:
Narrated Yazid:
(as above, Hadith 224) using the words: "will
make his brain boil."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 226:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
That he heard Allah's Apostle saying, "When the
people of Quraish did not believe me (i.e. the
story of my Night Journey), I stood up in Al-Hijr
and Allah displayed Jerusalem in front of me, and
I began describing it to them while I was looking
at it."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 227:
Narrated Abbas bin Malik:
Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah's Apostle
described to them his Night Journey saying,
"While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr,
suddenly someone came to me and cut my body
open from here to here." I asked Al-Jarud who
was by my side, "What does he mean?" He said,
"It means from his throat to his pubic area," or
said, "From the top of the chest." The Prophet
further said, "He then took out my heart. Then a
gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my
heart was washed and was filled (with Belief)
and then returned to its original place. Then a
white animal which was smaller than a mule and
bigger than a donkey was brought to me." (On
this Al-Jarud asked, "Was it the Buraq, O Abu

Hamza?" I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative).

The Prophet said, "The animal's step (was so

wide that it) reached the farthest point within the

reach of the animal's sight. I was carried on it,
and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the
nearest heaven.
When he asked for the gate to be opened, it was

asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel.' It

was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel
replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has
Muhammad been called?' Gabriel replied in the
affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed.
What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was
opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I
saw Adam there. Gabriel said (to me). 'This is
your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.' So I
greeted him and he returned the greeting to me
and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious son and
pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me
till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked
for the gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is
it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel.' It was asked,
'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied,
'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been

called?' Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then

it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent
visit his is!' The gate was opened.
When I went over the second heaven, there I
saw Yahya (i.e. John) and 'Isa (i.e. Jesus) who
were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me),
'These are John and Jesus; pay them your
greetings.' So I greeted them and both of them
returned my greetings to me and said, 'You are
welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.'
Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third
heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It

was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.'

It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?'
Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has

he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative.

Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an
excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and
when I went over the third heaven there I saw

Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Joseph; pay

him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he
returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are
welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.'
Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth
heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It

was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel'

It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?'
Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has

he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative.

Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an excel
lent visit his is!'
The gate was opened, and when I went over the

fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to

me), 'This is Idris; pay him your greetings.' So I

greeted him and he returned the greeting to me
and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother
and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with

me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be

opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel
replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked. 'Who is
accompanying you?' Gabriel replied,
'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been

called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it

was said He is welcomed, what an excellent visit

his is! So when I went over the fifth heaven, there

I saw Harun (i.e. Aaron), Gabriel said, (to me).
This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.' I greeted
him and he returned the greeting to me and said,
'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious
Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the
sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened.
It was asked. 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied,
'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying
you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was
asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in
the affirmative. It was said, 'He is welcomed.
What an excellent visit his is!'
When I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw
Moses. Gabriel said (to me),' This is Moses; pay
him your greeting. So I greeted him and he
returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are
welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.'
When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone
asked him, 'What makes you weep?' Moses
said, 'I weep because after me there has been
sent (as Prophet) a young man whose followers
will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my
followers.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the
seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be
opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel
replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked,' Who is
accompanying you?' Gabriel replied,
'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been

called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it

was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent
visit his is!'
So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there
I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is
your father; pay your greetings to him.' So I
greeted him and he returned the greetings to me
and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious son and
pious Prophet.' Then I was made to ascend to
Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the
utmost boundary) Behold! Its fruits were like the
jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its
leaves were as big as the ears of elephants.

Gabriel said, 'This is the Lote Tree of the utmost

boundary) . Behold ! There ran four rivers, two
were hidden and two were visible, I asked,
'What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?'
He replied,' As for the hidden rivers, they are
two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are
the Nile and the Euphrates.'
Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma'mur (i.e. the Sacred House)
was shown to me and a container full of wine and

another full of milk and a third full of honey were

brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel
remarked, 'This is the Islamic religion which you
and your followers are following.' Then the
prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty
prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by
Moses who asked (me), 'What have you been
ordered to do?' I replied, 'I have been ordered
to offer fifty prayers a day.' Moses said, 'Your
followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by
Allah, I have tested people before you, and I

have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain).

Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to
lessen your followers' burden.' So I went back,
and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then
again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same
as he had said before. Then again I went back to
Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I
came back to Moses he said the same, I went
back to Allah and He ordered me to observe ten
prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he
repeated the same advice, so I went back to
Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a
day.
When I came back to Moses, he said, 'What
have you been ordered?' I replied, 'I have been
ordered to observe five prayers a day.' He said,
'Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day,
and no doubt, I have got an experience of the
people before you, and I have tried my level best
with Bani Israel, so go back to your Lord and
ask for reduction to lessen your follower's
burden.' I said, 'I have requested so much of my
Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now
and surrender to Allah's Order.' When I left, I
heard a voice saying, 'I have passed My Order
and have lessened the burden of My
Worshipers."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 228:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Regarding the Statement of Allah"
"And We granted the vision (Ascension to the
heavens) which We made you see (as an actual
eye witness) was only made as a trial for the
people." (17.60)
Ibn Abbas added: The sights which Allah's
Apostle was shown on the Night Journey when
he was taken to Bait-ulMaqdis (i.e. Jerusalem)
were actual sights, (not dreams). And the Cursed
Tree (mentioned) in the Quran is the tree of
Zaqqum (itself) .
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 229:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Ka'b:
Who was Kab's guide when Ka'b turned blind: I
heard Ka'b bin Malik narrating: When he

remained behind (i.e. did not Join) the Prophet in

the Ghazwa of Tabuk. Ibn Bukair, in his

narration stated that Ka'b said, " I witnessed the

Al-'Aqaba pledge of allegiance at night with the
Prophet when we jointly agreed to support Islam
with all our efforts I would not like to have
attended the Badr battle instead of that 'Aqaba
pledge although Badr is more well-known than it,
amongst the people."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 230:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
I was present with my two maternal uncles at
Al-'Aqaba (where the pledge of allegiance was
given). (Ibn 'Uyaina said, "One of the two was
Al-Bara' bin Marur.")
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 231:
Narrated Jabir:
My father, my two maternal uncles and I were
among those who took part in the 'Aqaba
Pledge.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 232:
Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit:
Who had taken part in the battle of Badr with
Allah's Apostle and had been amongst his
companions on the night of Al-'Aqaba Pledge:
Allah's Apostle, surrounded by a group of his
companions said, "Come along and give me the
pledge of allegiance that you will not worship
anything besides Allah, will not steal, will not

commit illegal sexual intercourse will not kill your

children, will not utter; slander, invented by

yourself, and will not disobey me if I order you to

do something good. Whoever among you will
respect and fulfill this pledge, will be rewarded
by Allah. And if one of you commits any of these

sins and is punished in this world then that will be

his expiation for it, and if one of you commits any

of these sins and Allah screens his sin, then his
matter, will rest with Allah: If He will, He will
punish him and if He will,. He will excuse him."
So I gave the pledge of allegiance to him for
these conditions.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 233:
Narrated 'Ubada bin As Samit:
I was one of the Naqibs who gave the ('Aqaba)
Pledge of Allegiance to Allah's Apostle . We
gave the pledge of allegiance to him that we
would not worship anything other than Allah,
would not steal, would not commit illegal sexual

intercourse, would not kill a person whose killing

Allah has made illegal except rightfully, would not

rob each other, and we would not be promised
Paradise jf we did the above sins, then if we
committed one of the above sins, Allah will give
His Judgment concerning it.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 234:
Narrated Aisha:
The Prophet engaged me when I was a girl of six
(years). We went to Medina and stayed at the

home of Bani-al-Harith bin Khazraj. Then I got ill

and my hair fell down. Later on my hair grew
(again) and my mother, Um Ruman, came to me
while I was playing in a swing with some of my

girl friends. She called me, and I went to her, not

knowing what she wanted to do to me. She
caught me by the hand and made me stand at the
door of the house. I was breathless then, and
when my breathing became Allright, she took
some water and rubbed my face and head with
it. Then she took me into the house. There in the
house I saw some Ansari women who said,
"Best wishes and Allah's Blessing and a good
luck." Then she entrusted me to them and they
prepared me (for the marriage). Unexpectedly
Allah's Apostle came to me in the forenoon and
my mother handed me over to him, and at that
time I was a girl of nine years of age.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 235:
Narrated 'Aisha:
That the Prophet said to her, "You have been
shown to me twice in my dream. I saw you
pictured on a piece of silk and some-one said (to
me). 'This is your wife.' When I uncovered the

picture, I saw that it was yours. I said, 'If this is

from Allah, it will be done."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 236:
Narrated Hisham's father:
Khadija died three years before the Prophet
departed to Medina. He stayed there for two
years or so and then he married 'Aisha when she
was a girl of six years of age, and he consumed
that marriage when she was nine years old.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 237:
Narrated Abu Wail:
We visited Khabbaba who said, "We migrated
with the Prophet for Allah's Sake, so our reward
became due and sure with Allah. Some of us
passed away without taking anything of their
rewards (in this world) and one of them was
Mus'ab bin 'Umar who was martyred on the day
(of the battle) of Uhud leaving a striped woolen
cloak. When we covered his head with it, his feet
became naked, and when covered his feet, his
head became naked.
So Allah's Apostle ordered us to cover his head
and put some Idhkhir (i.e. a special kind of
grass) on his feet. (On the other hand) some of

us have had their fruits ripened (in this world) and

they are collecting them."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 238:
Narrated 'Umar:
I heard the Prophet saying, "The reward of
deeds depends on the intentions, so whoever
emigrated for the worldly benefits or to marry a
woman, his emigration was for that for which he
emigrated, but whoever emigrated for the Sake
of Allah and His Apostle, his emigration is for
Allah and His Apostle."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 239:
Narrated Mujahid bin Jabir Al-Makki:
Abdullah bin 'Umar used to say, "There is no

more Hijrah (i.e. migration) after the Conquest of

Mecca."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 240:
Narrated 'Ata bin Abi Rabah:
'Ubaid bin 'Umar Al-Laithi and I visited Aisha
and asked her about the Hijra (i.e. migration),
and she said, "Today there is no (Hijrah)
emigration. A believer used to run away with his
religion to Allah and His Apostle lest he should
be put to trial because of his religion. Today
Allah has made Islam triumphant, and today a
believer can worship his Lord wherever he likes.
But the deeds that are still rewardable (in place
of emigration) are Jihad and good intentions."
(See Hadith No. 42 Vol. 4).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 241:
Narrated Aisha:
Sad said, "O Allah! You know that there is none
against whom I am eager to fight more willingly
for Your Cause than those people who
disbelieved Your Apostle and drove him out (of
his city). O Allah! I think that You have ended
the fight between us and them."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 242:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle started receiving the Divine

Inspiration at the age of forty. Then he stayed in

Mecca for thirteen years, receiving the Divine
Revelation. Then he was ordered to migrate and
he lived as an Emigrant for ten years and then
died at the age of sixty-three (years).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 243:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle stayed in Mecca for thirteen

years (after receiving the first Divine Inspiration)

and died at the age of sixty-three.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 244:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

Allah's Apostle sat on the pulpit and said, "Allah

has given one of His Slaves the choice of
receiving the splendor and luxury of the worldly
life whatever he likes or to accept the good (of
the Hereafter) which is with Allah. So he has
chosen that good which is with Allah." On that
Abu Bakr wept and said, "Our fathers and
mothers be sacrificed for you." We became

astonished at this. The people said, "Look at this

old man! Allah's Apostle talks about a Slave of
Allah to whom He has given the option to choose

either the splendor of this worldly life or the good

which is with Him, while he says. 'our fathers and

mothers be sacrifice(i for you." But it was Allah's

Apostle who had been given option, and Abu
Bakr knew it better than we. Allah's Apostle
added, "No doubt, I am indebted to Abu Bakr
more than to anybody else regarding both his
companionship and his wealth. And if I had to
take a Khalil from my followers, I would
certainly have taken Abu Bakr, but the fraternity

of Islam is. sufficient. Let no door (i.e. Khoukha)

of the Mosque remain open, except the door of
Abu Bakr."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 245:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) I never remembered my
parents believing in any religion other than the

true religion (i.e. Islam), and (I don't remember)

a single day passing without our being visited by

Allah's Apostle in the morning and in the evening.

When the Muslims were put to test (i.e. troubled
by the pagans), Abu Bakr set out migrating to the
land of Ethiopia, and when he reached
Bark-al-Ghimad, Ibn Ad-Daghina, the chief of
the tribe of Qara, met him and said, "O Abu
Bakr! Where are you going?" Abu Bakr replied,
"My people have turned me out (of my country),
so I want to wander on the earth and worship my
Lord." Ibn Ad-Daghina said, "O Abu Bakr! A
man like you should not leave his home-land, nor
should he be driven out, because you help the
destitute, earn their livings, and you keep good
relations with your Kith and kin, help the weak
and poor, entertain guests generously, and help
the calamity-stricken persons. Therefore I am
your protector. Go back and worship your Lord
in your town."
So Abu Bakr returned and Ibn Ad-Daghina
accompanied him. In the evening Ibn
Ad-Daghina visited the nobles of Quraish and
said to them. "A man like Abu Bakr should not
leave his homeland, nor should he be driven out.
Do you (i.e. Quraish) drive out a man who helps
the destitute, earns their living, keeps good
relations with his Kith and kin, helps the weak
and poor, entertains guests generously and helps
the calamity-stricken persons?" So the people of
Quraish could not refuse Ibn Ad-Daghina's
protection, and they said to Ibn Ad-Daghina,
"Let Abu Bakr worship his Lord in his house. He
can pray and recite there whatever he likes, but

he should not hurt us with it, and should not do it

publicly, because we are afraid that he may affect

our women and children." Ibn Ad-Daghina told
Abu Bakr of all that. Abu Bakr stayed in that
state, worshipping his Lord in his house. He did

not pray publicly, nor did he recite Quran outside

his house.
Then a thought occurred to Abu Bakr to build a
mosque in front of his house, and there he used
to pray and recite the Quran. The women and
children of the pagans began to gather around
him in great number. They used to wonder at him
and look at him. Abu Bakr was a man who used
to weep too much, and he could not help
weeping on reciting the Quran. That situation
scared the nobles of the pagans of Quraish, so
they sent for Ibn Ad-Daghina. When he came to
them, they said, "We accepted your protection of
Abu Bakr on condition that he should worship
his Lord in his house, but he has violated the
conditions and he has built a mosque in front of
his house where he prays and recites the Quran
publicly. We are now afraid that he may affect
our women and children unfavorably. So,
prevent him from that. If he likes to confine the
worship of his Lord to his house, he may do so,

but if he insists on doing that openly, ask him to

release you from your obligation to protect him,
for we dislike to break our pact with you, but we
deny Abu Bakr the right to announce his act
publicly." Ibn Ad-Daghina went to Abu- Bakr
and said, ("O Abu Bakr!) You know well what
contract I have made on your behalf; now, you

are either to abide by it, or else release me from

my obligation of protecting you, because I do not
want the 'Arabs hear that my people have
dishonored a contract I have made on behalf of
another man." Abu Bakr replied, "I release you
from your pact to protect me, and am pleased
with the protection from Allah."
At that time the Prophet was in Mecca, and he
said to the Muslims, "In a dream I have been
shown your migration place, a land of date palm
trees, between two mountains, the two stony
tracts." So, some people migrated to Medina,
and most of those people who had previously
migrated to the land of Ethiopia, returned to
Medina. Abu Bakr also prepared to leave for
Medina, but Allah's Apostle said to him, "Wait

for a while, because I hope that I will be allowed

to migrate also." Abu Bakr said, "Do you indeed

expect this? Let my father be sacrificed for you!"

The Prophet said, "Yes." So Abu Bakr did not
migrate for the sake of Allah's Apostle in order
to accompany him. He fed two she-camels he
possessed with the leaves of As-Samur tree that
fell on being struck by a stick for four months.
One day, while we were sitting in Abu Bakr's
house at noon, someone said to Abu Bakr, "This
is Allah's Apostle with his head covered coming
at a time at which he never used to visit us
before." Abu Bakr said, "May my parents be
sacrificed for him. By Allah, he has not come at

this hour except for a great necessity." So Allah's

Apostle came and asked permission to enter,
and he was allowed to enter. When he entered,
he said to Abu Bakr. "Tell everyone who is
present with you to go away." Abu Bakr replied,
"There are none but your family. May my father
be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Apostle!" The
Prophet said, "i have been given permission to
migrate." Abu Bakr said, "Shall I accompany
you? May my father be sacrificed for you, O
Allah's Apostle!" Allah's Apostle said, "Yes."
Abu Bakr said, "O Allah's Apostle! May my
father be sacrificed for you, take one of these
two she-camels of mine." Allah's Apostle replied,
"(I will accept it) with payment." So we prepared
the baggage quickly and put some journey food
in a leather bag for them. Asma, Abu Bakr's

daughter, cut a piece from her waist belt and tied

the mouth of the leather bag with it, and for that

reason she was named Dhat-un-Nitaqain (i.e. the
owner of two belts).
Then Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr reached a
cave on the mountain of Thaur and stayed there
for three nights. 'Abdullah bin Abi Bakr who was
intelligent and a sagacious youth, used to stay
(with them) aver night. He used to leave them
before day break so that in the morning he would
be with Quraish as if he had spent the night in
Mecca. He would keep in mind any plot made
against them, and when it became dark he would

(go and) inform them of it. 'Amir bin Fuhaira, the

freed slave of Abu Bakr, used to bring the milch
sheep (of his master, Abu Bakr) to them a little
while after nightfall in order to rest the sheep

there. So they always had fresh milk at night, the

milk of their sheep, and the milk which they
warmed by throwing heated stones in it. 'Amir
bin Fuhaira would then call the herd away when
it was still dark (before daybreak). He did the
same in each of those three nights. Allah's
Apostle and Abu Bakr had hired a man from the
tribe of Bani Ad-Dail from the family of Bani
Abd bin Adi as an expert guide, and he was in
alliance with the family of Al-'As bin Wail
As-Sahmi and he was on the religion of the
infidels of Quraish. The Prophet and Abu Bakr
trusted him and gave him their two she-camels
and took his promise to bring their two she
camels to the cave of the mountain of Thaur in
the morning after three nights later. And (when
they set out), 'Amir bin Fuhaira and the guide
went along with them and the guide led them
along the sea-shore.
The nephew of Suraqa bin Ju'sham said that his
father informed him that he heard Suraqa bin
Ju'sham saying, "The messengers of the heathens
of Quraish came to us declaring that they had
assigned for the persons why would kill or arrest
Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr, a reward equal to
their bloodmoney. While I was sitting in one of
the gatherings of my tribe. Bani Mudlij, a man
from them came to us and stood up while we
were sitting, and said, "O Suraqa! No doubt, I
have just seen some people far away on the
seashore, and I think they are Muhammad and
his companions." Suraqa added, "I too realized

that it must have been they. But I said 'No, it is

not they, but you have seen so-and-so, and
so-and-so whom we saw set out.' I stayed in the

gathering for a while and then got up and left for

my home. and ordered my slave-girl to get my
horse which was behind a hillock, and keep it
ready for me.
Then I took my spear and left by the back door
of my house dragging the lower end of the spear
on the ground and keeping it low. Then I reached
my horse, mounted it and made it gallop. When I
approached them (i.e. Muhammad and Abu
Bakr), my horse stumbled and I fell down from
it, Then I stood up, got hold of my quiver and
took out the divining arrows and drew lots as to
whether I should harm them (i.e. the Prophet and
Abu Bakr) or not, and the lot which I disliked
came out. But I remounted my horse and let it
gallop, giving no importance to the divining
arrows. When I heard the recitation of the Quran
by Allah's Apostle who did not look hither and
thither while Abu Bakr was doing it often,
suddenly the forelegs of my horse sank into the
ground up to the knees, and I fell down from it.
Then I rebuked it and it got up but could hardly

take out its forelegs from the ground, and when it

stood up straight again, its fore-legs caused dust

to rise up in the sky like smoke. Then again I
drew lots with the divining arrows, and the lot
which I disliked, came out. So I called upon
them to feel secure. They stopped, and I
remounted my horse and went to them. When I
saw how I had been hampered from harming
them, it came to my mind that the cause of
Allah's Apostle (i.e. Islam) will become
victorious. So I said to him, "Your people have
assigned a reward equal to the bloodmoney for
your head." Then I told them all the plans the
people of Mecca had made concerning them.
Then I offered them some journey food and
goods but they refused to take anything and did
not ask for anything, but the Prophet said, "Do

not tell others about us." Then I requested him to

write for me a statement of security and peace.
He ordered 'Amr bin Fuhaira who wrote it for
me on a parchment, and then Allah's Apostle
proceeded on his way.
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair: Allah's Apostle
met Az-Zubair in a caravan of Muslim merchants
who were returning from Sham. Az-Zubair
provided Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr with
white clothes to wear. When the Muslims of
Medina heard the news of the departure of
Allah's Apostle from Mecca (towards Medina),
they started going to the Harra every morning .
They would wait for him till the heat of the noon
forced them to return. One day, after waiting for
a long while, they returned home, and when they
went into their houses, a Jew climbed up the roof

of one of the forts of his people to look for some

thing, and he saw Allah's Apostle and his
companions dressed in white clothes, emerging
out of the desert mirage.
The Jew could not help shouting at the top of his
voice, "O you 'Arabs! Here is your great man
whom you have been waiting for!" So all the
Muslims rushed to their arms and received
Allah's Apostle on the summit of Harra. The

Prophet turned with them to the right and alighted

at the quarters of Bani 'Amr bin 'Auf, and this
was on Monday in the month of Rabi-ul-Awal.
Abu Bakr stood up, receiving the people while
Allah's Apostle sat down and kept silent. Some
of the Ansar who came and had not seen Allah's
Apostle before, began greeting Abu Bakr, but
when the sunshine fell on Allah's Apostle and
Abu Bakr came forward and shaded him with his
sheet only then the people came to know Allah's
Apostle. Allah's Apostle stayed with Bani 'Amr
bin 'Auf for ten nights and established the
mosque (mosque of Quba) which was founded
on piety. Allah's Apostle prayed in it and then
mounted his she-camel and proceeded on,
accompanied by the people till his she-camel
knelt down at (the place of) the Mosque of
Allah's Apostle at Medina. Some Muslims used
to pray there in those days, and that place was a
yard for drying dates belonging to Suhail and
Sahl, the orphan boys who were under the
guardianship of 'Asad bin Zurara. When his
she-camel knelt down, Allah's Apostle said,
"This place, Allah willing, will be our abiding
place." Allah's Apostle then called the two boys
and told them to suggest a price for that yard so
that he might take it as a mosque. The two boys

said, "No, but we will give it as a gift, O Allah's

Apostle!" Allah's Apostle then built a mosque
there. The Prophet himself started carrying

unburnt bricks for its building and while doing so,

he was saying "This load is better than the load of

Khaibar, for it is more pious in the Sight of Allah

and purer and better rewardable." He was also
saying, "O Allah! The actual reward is the
reward in the Hereafter, so bestow Your Mercy
on the Ansar and the Emigrants." Thus the
Prophet recited (by way of proverb) the poem of
some Muslim poet whose name is unknown to
me.
(Ibn Shibab said, "In the Hadiths it does not
occur that Allah's Apostle
recited a complete poetic verse other than this
one.")
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 246:
Narrated Asma:
I prepared the journey food for the Prophet and
Abu Bakr when they wanted (to migrate to)
Medina. I said to my father (Abu Bakr), "I do
not have anything to tie the container of the
journey food with except my waist belt." He said,

"Divide it lengthwise into two." I did so, and for

this reason I was named 'Dhat-un-Nitaqain' (i.e.
the owner of two belts). (Ibn 'Abbas said,
"Asma', Dhat-un-Nitaq.")
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 247:
Narrated Al-Bara:
When the Prophet migrated to Medina, Suraqa
bin Malik bin Ju'sham pursued him. The Prophet

invoked evil on him, therefore the forelegs of his

horse sank into the ground. Suraqa said (to the
Prophet ), "Invoke Allah to rescue me, and I will
not harm you. "The Prophet invoked Allah for
him. Then Allah's Apostle felt thirsty and he
passed by a shepherd. Abu Bakr said, "I took a

bowl and milked a little milk in it and brought it to

the Prophet and he drank till I was pleased."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 248:
Narrated Asma:
That she conceived 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair. She
added, "I migrated to Medina while I was at full
term of pregnancy and alighted at Quba where I
gave birth to him. Then I brought him to the
Prophet and put him in his lap. The Prophet
asked for a date, chewed it, and put some of its

juice in the child's mouth. So, the first thing that

entered the child's stomach was the saliva of
Allah's Apostle. Then the Prophet rubbed the

child's palate with a date and invoked for Allah's

Blessings on him, and he was the first child born
amongst the Emigrants in the Islamic Land (i.e.
Medina).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 249:
Narrated Aisha:
The first child who was born in the Islamic Land
(i.e. Medina) amongst the Emigrants, was
'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair. They brought him to the
Prophet. The Prophet took a date, and after

chewing it, put its juice in his mouth. So the first

thing that went into the child's stomach, was the
saliva of the Prophet
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 250:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle arrived at Medina with Abu
Bakr, riding behind him on the same camel. Abu
Bakr was an elderly man known to the people,
while Allah's Apostle was a youth that was
unknown. Thus, if a man met Abu Bakr, he
would day, "O Abu Bakr! Who is this man in
front of you?" Abu Bakr would say, "This man
shows me the Way," One would think that Abu
Bakr meant the road, while in fact, Abu Bakr
meant the way of virtue and good. Then Abu
Bakr looked behind and saw a horse-rider
persuing them. He said, "O Allah's Apostle! This
is a horse-rider persuing us." The Prophet looked
behind and said, "O Allah! Cause him to fall
down." So the horse threw him down and got up
neighing. After that the rider, Suraqa said, "O
Allah's Prophet! Order me whatever you want."
The Prophet said, "Stay where you are and do
not allow anybody to reach us." So, in the first
part of the day Suraqa was an enemy of Allah's
Prophet and in the last part of it, he was a
protector. Then Allah's Apostle alighted by the
side of the Al-Harra and sent a message to the
Ansar, and they came to Allah's Prophet and
Abu Bakr, and having greeted them, they said,
"Ride (your she-camels) safe and obeyed."
Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr rode and the
Ansar, carrying their arms, surrounded them. The
news that Allah's Prophet had come circulated in
Medina. The people came out and were eagerly
looking and saying "Allah's Prophet has come!
Allah's Prophet has come! So the Prophet went
on till he alighted near the house of Abu Aiyub.
While the Prophet was speaking with the family
members of Abu Aiyub, 'Abdullah bin Salam

heard the news of his arrival while he himself was

picking the dates for his family from his family
garden. He hurried to the Prophet carrying the
dates which he had collected for his family from
the garden. He listened to Allah's Prophet and
then went home.
Then Allah's Prophet said, "Which is the nearest
of the houses of our Kith and kin?" Abu Aiyub
replied, "Mine, O Allah's Prophet! This is my
house and this is my gate." The Prophet said,
"Go and prepare a place for our midday rest."
Abu Aiyub said, "Get up (both of you) with
Allah's Blessings." So when Allah's Prophet went
into the house, 'Abdullah bin Salaim came and
said "I testify that you (i.e. Muhammad) are
Apostle of Allah and that you have come with the
Truth. The Jews know well that I am their chief
and the son of their chief and the most learned
amongst them and the son of the most learned
amongst them. So send for them (i.e. Jews) and
ask them about me before they know that I have
embraced Islam, for if they know that they will
say about me things which are not correct." So
Allah's Apostle sent for them, and they came and
entered. Allah's Apostle said to them, "O (the
group of) Jews! Woe to you: be afraid of Allah.
By Allah except Whom none has the right to be
worshipped, you people know for certain, that I
am Apostle of Allah and that I have come to you
with the Truth, so embrace Islam." The Jews
replied, "We do not know this." So they said this
to the Prophet and he repeated it thrice. Then he
said, "What sort of a man is 'Abdullah bin Salam
amongst you?" They said, "He is our chief and
the son of our chief and the most learned man,
and the son of the most learned amongst us." He
said, "What would you think if he should
embrace Islam?" They said, "Allah forbid! He
can not embrace Islam." He said, " What would
you think if he should embrace Islam?" They
said, "Allah forbid! He can not embrace Islam."
He said, "What would you think if he should
embrace Islam?" They said, "Allah forbid! He
can not embrace Islam." He said, "O Ibn Salaim!
Come out to them." He came out and said, "O
(the group of) Jews! 8e afraid of Allah except
Whom none has the right to be worshipped. You
know for certain that he is Apostle of Allah and
that he has brought a True Religion!' They said,
"You tell a lie." On that Allah's Apostle turned
them out.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 251:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Umar bin Al-Khattab fixed a grant of 4000
(Dirhams) for every Early Emigrant (i.e. Muhajir)
and fixed a grant of 3500 (Dirhams) only for Ibn
'Umar. Somebody said to 'Umar, "Ibn 'Umar is
also one of the Early Emigrants; why do you give
him less than four-thousand?" 'Umar replied, "His
parents took him with them when they migrated,
so he was not like the one who had migrated by
himself.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 252:
Narrated Khabbab:
We migrated with Allah's Apostle (See Hadith
No. 253 below).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 253:
Narrated Khabbab:
We migrated with Allah's Apostle seeking Allah's
Countenance, so our rewards became due and
sure with Allah. Some of us passed away without
eating anything of their rewards in this world.
One of these was Mus'ab bin 'Umar who was
martyred on the day of the battle of Uhud. We
did not find anything to shroud his body with
except a striped cloak. When we covered his
head with it, his feet remained uncovered, and
when we covered his feet with it, his head
remained uncovered. So Allah's Apostle ordered
us to cover his head with it and put some Idhkhir

(i.e. a kind of grass) over his feet. And there are

some amongst us whose fruits have ripened and
they are collecting them (i.e. they have received
their rewards in this world).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 254:
Narrated Abu Burda Bin Abi Musa Al-Ashari:
'Abdullah bin 'Umar said to me, "Do you know
what my father said to your father once?" I said,
"No." He said, "My father said to your father, 'O
Abu Musa, will it please you that we will be
rewarded for our conversion to Islam with
Allah's Apostle and our migration with him, and
our Jihad with him and all our good deeds which
we did, with him, and that all the deeds we did
after his death will be disregarded whether good
or bad?' Your father (i.e. Abu Musa) said, 'No,
by Allah, we took part in Jihad after Allah's
Apostle , prayed and did plenty of good deeds,
and many people have embraced Islam at our
hands, and no doubt, we expect rewards from
Allah for these good deeds.' On that my father
(i.e. 'Umar) said, 'As for myself, By Him in
Whose Hand 'Umar's soul is, I wish that the
deeds done by us at the time of the Prophet
remain rewardable while whatsoever we did after
the death of the Prophet be enough to save us
from Punishment in that the good deeds
compensate for the bad ones.' " On that I said
(to Ibn 'Umar), "By Allah, your father was better
than my father!"
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 255:
Narrated Abu 'Uthman:
I heard that Ibn 'Umar used to become angry if
someone mentioned that he had migrated before
his father ('Umar), and he used to say, " 'Umar
and I came to Allah's Apostle and found him
having his midday rest, so we returned home.
Then 'Umar sent me again (to the Prophet ) and
said, 'Go and see whether he is awake.' I went to
him and entered his place and gave him the
pledge of allegiance. Then I went back to 'Umar
and informed him that the Prophet was awake.
So we both went, running slowly, and when
'Umar entered his place, he gave him the pledge
of allegiance and thereafter I too gave him the
pledge of allegiance,"
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 256:
Narrated Al-Bara:
Abu Bakr bought a (camel's) saddle from 'Azib,
and I carried it for him. 'Azib (i.e. my father)
asked Abu Bakr regarding the journey of the
migration of Allah's Apostle. Abu Bakr said,
"Close observers were appointed by our enemies
to watch us. So we went out at night and
travelled throughout the night and the following
day till it was noon, then we perceived a rock
and went towards it, and there was some shade
under it. I spread a cloak I had with me for
Allah's Apostle and then the Prophet layed on it.
I went out to guard him and all of a sudden I saw
a shepherd coming with his sheep looking for the
same, the shade of the rock as we did, I asked
him, 'O boy, to whom do you belong?' He

replied, 'I belong to so-and-so.' I asked him, 'Is

there some milk in your sheep?' He replied in the
affirmative. I asked him, 'Will you milk?' He

replied in the affirmative. Then he got hold of one

of his sheep. I said to him, 'Remove the dust

from its udder.' Then he milked a little milk. I had

a water-skin with me which was tied with a piece
of cloth. I had prepared the water-skin for
Allah's Apostle . So I poured some water over
the milk (container) till its bottom became cold.
Then I brought the milk to the Prophet and said,
'Drink, O Allah's Apostle.' Allah's Apostle drank
till I became pleased. Then we departed and the
pursuers were following us." Al-Bara added: I
then went with Abu Bakr into his home (carrying
that saddle) and there I saw his daughter 'Aisha
Lying in a bed because of heavy fever and I saw
her father Abu Bakr kissing her cheek and
saying, "How are you, little daughter?"
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 257:
Narrated Anas:
(the servant of the Prophet) When the Prophet
arrived (at Medina), there was not a single
companion of the Prophet who had grey and
black hair except Abu Bakr, and he dyed his hair
with Henna' and Katam (i.e. plants used for
dying hair). Through another group of narrators,
Anas bin Malik said,. "When the Prophet arrived
at Medina, the eldest amongst his companions
was Abu Bakr. He dyed his hair with Hinna and
Katam till it became of dark red color.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 258:
Narrate Aisha:
Abu Bakr married a woman from the tribe of
Bani Kalb, called Um Bakr. When Abu Bakr
migrated to Medina, he divorced her and she
was married by her cousin, the poet who said the
following poem lamenting the infidels of Quraish:

"What is there kept in the well, The well of Badr,

(The owners of) the trays of Roasted camel
humps? What is there kept in the well, The well
of Badr, (The owners of) lady singers And
friends of the honorable companions; who used
to drink (wine) together, Um Bakr greets us With
the greeting of peace, But can I find peace After
my people have gone? The Apostle tells us that

We shall live again, But what sort of life will owls

and skulls live?:
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 259:
Narrated Abu Bakr:
I was with the Prophet in the Cave. When I
raised my head, I saw the feet of the people. I
said, "O Allah's Apostle! If some of them should
look down, they will see us." The Prophet said,
"O Abu Bakr, be quiet! (For we are) two and
Allah is the Third of us."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 260:
Narrated Abu Said:
Once a bedouin came to the Prophet and asked
him about the migration. The Prophet said,
"Mercy of Allah be on you! The migration is a
quite difficult matter. Have you got some
camels?" He replied in the affirmative. Then the
Prophet said, "Do you give their Zakat?" He
replied in the affirmative. The Prophet said, "Do
you let others benefit by their milk gratis?" He
replied in the affirmative. Then the Prophet
asked, "Do you milk them on their watering days
and give their milk to the poor and needy?" He

replied in the affirmative. The Prophet, said, "Go

on doing like this from beyond the seas, and

there is no doubt that Allah will not overlook any

of your good deeds."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 261:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The first people who came to us (in Medina)
were Mus'ab bin 'Umar and Ibn Um Maktum.
Then came to us 'Ammar bin Yasir and Bilal.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 262:
Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib:
The first people who came to us (in Medina)
were Mus'ab bin 'Umar and Ibn Um Maktum
who were teaching Qur'an to the people. Then
their came Bilal. Sad and 'Ammar bin Yasir.
After that 'Umar bin Al-Khattab came along with
twenty other companions of the Prophet. Later
on the Prophet himself (to Medina) and I had
never seen the people of Medina so joyful as
they were on the arrival of Allah's Apostle, for

even the slave girls were saying, "Allah's Apostle

has arrived!" And before his arrival I had read
the Sura starting with:-- "Glorify the Name of
your Lord, the Most High" (87.1) together with
other Suras of Al-Mufassal.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 263:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When Allah's Apostle came to Medina, Abu
Bakr and Bilal got fever, and I went to both of
them and said, "O my father, how do you feel? O
Bilal, how do you feel?" Whenever Abu Bakr's
fever got worse, he would say, "Every man will
meet his death once in one morning while he will

be among his family, for death is really nearer to

him than his leather shoe laces (to his feet)." And

whenever fever deserted Bilal, he would say
aloud, "Would that I know whether I shall spend
a night in the valley (of Mecca) with Idhkhir and

Jalil (i.e. kinds of grass) around me, and whether

I shall drink one day the water of Mijannah, and

whether I shall see once again the hills of Shamah

and Tafil?" Then I went to Allah's Apostle and
told him of that. He said, "O Allah, make us love
Medina as much as or more than we used to love
Mecca, O Allah, make it healthy and bless its Sa'
and Mud (i.e. measures), and take away its fever
to Al-Juhfa."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 264:
Narrated 'Ubaidullah bin Ad bin Khiyair:
I went to Uthman. After reciting Tashah-hud, he
said,. "Then after no doubt, Allah sent
Muhammad with the Truth, and I was amongst
those who responded to the Call of Allah and
His Prophet and believed in the message of
Muhammad. Then took part in the two
migrations. I became the son-in-law of Allah's
Apostle and gave the pledge of allegiance to him
By Allah, I never disobeyed him, nor did I
deceive him till Allah took him unto Him."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 265:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
During the last Hajj led by 'Umar,
'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf returned to his family at
Mina and met me there. 'AbdurRahman said (to
'Umar), "O chief of the believers! The season of
Hajj is the season when there comes the scum of
the people (besides the good amongst them), so
I recommend that you should wait till you go
back to Medina, for it is the place of Migration

and Sunna (i.e. the Prophet's tradition), and there

you will be able to refer the matter to the
religious scholars and the nobles and the people

of wise opinions." 'Umar said, "I will speak of it

in Medina on my very first sermon I will deliver
there."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 266:
Narrated 'Um al-'Ala:
An Ansari woman who gave the pledge of

allegiance to the Prophet that the Ansar drew lots

concerning the dwelling of the Emigrants.
'Uthman bin Maz'un was decided to dwell with
them (i.e. Um al-'Ala's family), 'Uthman fell ill
and I nursed him till he died, and we covered him
with his clothes. Then the Prophet came to us
and I (addressing the dead body) said, "O Abu
As-Sa'ib, may Allah's Mercy be on you! I bear
witness that Allah has honored you." On that the
Prophet said, "How do you know that Allah has
honored him?" I replied, "I do not know. May
my father and my mother be sacrificed for you,

O Allah's Apostle! But who else is worthy of it (if

not 'Uthman)?" He said, "As to him, by Allah,
death has overtaken him, and I hope the best for
him. By Allah, though I am the Apostle of Allah,
yet I do not know what Allah will do to me," By

Allah, I will never assert the piety of anyone after

him. That made me sad, and when I slept I saw
in a dream a flowing stream for 'Uthman bin
Maz'un. I went to Allah's Apostle and told him of
it. He remarked, "That symbolizes his (good)
deeds."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 267:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The day of Bu'ath was a day (i.e. battle) which
Allah caused to take place just before the
mission of His Apostle so that when Allah's
Apostle came to Medina, they (the tribes) had

divided (into hostile groups) and their nobles had

been killed; and all that facilitated their
conversion to Islam.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 268:
Narrated Aisha:
That once Abu Bakr came to her on the day of
'Id-ul-Fitr or 'Id ul Adha while the Prophet was

with her and there were two girl singers with her,

singing songs of the Ansar about the day of
Buath. Abu Bakr said twice. "Musical instrument
of Satan!" But the Prophet said, "Leave them
Abu Bakr, for every nation has an 'Id (i.e.
festival) and this day is our 'Id."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 269:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
When Allah's Apostle arrived at Medina, he
alighted at the upper part of Medina among the
people called Bani 'Amr bin 'Auf and he stayed
with them for fourteen nights. Then he sent for
the chiefs of Bani An-Najjar, and they came,

carrying their swords. As if I am just now looking

at Allah's Apostle on his she-camel with Abu
Bakr riding behind him (on the same camel) and
the chiefs of Bani An-Najjar around him till he
dismounted in the courtyard of Abu Aiyub's
home. The Prophet used to offer the prayer
wherever the prayer was due, and he would pray
even in sheepfolds. Then he ordered that the
mosque be built. He sent for the chiefs of Banu
An-Najjar, and when they came, he said, "O
Banu An-Najjar! Suggest to me the price of this
garden of yours." They replied "No! By Allah,
we do not demand its price except from Allah."
In that garden there were the (following) things
that I will tell you: Graves of pagans, unleveled
land with holes and pits etc., and date-palm
trees. Allah's Apostle ordered that the graves of
the pagans be dug up and, the unleveled land be
leveled and the date-palm trees be cut down.
The trunks of the trees were arranged so as to
form the wall facing the Qibla. The Stone pillars
were built at the sides of its gate. The
companions of the Prophet were carrying the
stones and reciting some lyrics, and Allah's
Apostle . . was with them and they were saying,
"O Allah! There is no good Excel the good of the
Hereafter, so bestow victory on the Ansar and
the Emigrants. "
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 270:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin Humaid Az-Zuhri:
I heard 'Umar bin 'Abdul-Aziz asking As-Sa'ib,
the nephew of An-Nimr. "What have you heard
about residing in Mecca?" The other said, "I
heard Al-Ala bin Al-Hadrami saying, Allah's
Apostle said: An Emigrant is allowed to stay in
Mecca for three days after departing from Mina

(i.e. after performing all the ceremonies of Hajj)"

Volume 5, Book 58, Number 271:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
The Prophet's companions did not take as a
starting date for the Muslim calendar, the day,
the Prophet had been sent as an Apostle or the
day of his death, but the day of his arrival at
Medina.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 272:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Originally, two Rakat were prescribed in every
prayer. When the Prophet migrated (to Medina)
four Rakat were enjoined, while the journey
prayer remained unchanged(i.e. two Rakat).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 273:
Narrated Sad bin Malik:
In the year of Hajjat-ul-Wada' the Prophet
visited me when I fell ill and was about to die

because of that illness. I said, "O Allah's Apostle!

I am very ill as you see, and I am a rich man and
have no heir except my only daughter. Shall I
give 2/3 of my property in charity?" He said,

"No." I said, "Shall I then give one half of it in

charity?" He said, "O Sad! Give 1/3 (in charity)
and even 1/3 is too much. No doubt, it is better
to leave your children rich than to leave them
poor, reduced to begging from others. And Allah
will reward you for whatever you spend with the
intention of gaining Allah's Pleasure even if it
were a mouthful of food you put into your wives
mouth." I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Am I to be
left behind (in Mecca) after my companions have
gone?" He said, "If you should be left behind,
you will be upgraded and elevated for every
deed you will do with a desire to achieve Allah's
Pleasure. I hope that you will live long so that
some people will benefit by you while others will

be harmed. O Allah! Please fulfill the migration of

my companions and do not make them turn back

on their heels. But (we feel sorry for) the unlucky

Sad bin Khaulah." Allah's Apostle lamented his
death in Mecca.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 274:
Narrated Anas:
When 'Abdur-Rahman bin Auf came to Medina
and the Prophet established the bond of
brotherhood between him and Sad bin
Ar-Rabi-al-Ansari, Saud suggested that
'Abdur-Rahman should accept half of his
property and family. 'Abdur Rahman said, "May
Allah bless you in your family and property;
guide me to the market." So 'Abdur-Rahman
(while doing business in the market) made some
profit of some condensed dry yoghurt and butter.
After a few days the Prophet saw him wearing
clothes stained with yellow perfume. The Prophet
asked, "What is this, O 'Abdur-Rahman?" He
said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have married an
Ansar' woman." The Prophet asked, "What have
you given her as Mahr?" He (i.e.
'Abdur-Rahman) said, "A piece of gold, about
the weight of a date stone." Then the Prophet
said, Give a banquet, even though of a sheep."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 275:
Narrated Anas:
When the news of the arrival of the Prophet at
Medina reached 'Abdullah bin Salam, he went to
him to ask him about certain things, He said, "I
am going to ask you about three things which
only a Prophet can answer: What is the first sign
of The Hour? What is the first food which the
people of Paradise will eat? Why does a child
attract the similarity to his father or to his
mother?" The Prophet replied, "Gabriel has just
now informed me of that." Ibn Salam said, "He
(i.e. Gabriel) is the enemy of the Jews amongst

the angels. The Prophet said, "As for the first sign

of The Hour, it will be a fire that will collect the

people from the East to the West. As for the first

meal which the people of Paradise will eat, it will

be the caudate (extra) lobe of the fish-liver. As

for the child, if the man's discharge proceeds the

woman's discharge, the child attracts the
similarity to the man, and if the woman's
discharge proceeds the man's, then the child
attracts the similarity to the woman."

On this, 'Abdullah bin Salam said, "I testify that

None has the right to be worshipped except

Allah, and that you are the Apostle of Allah." and

added, "O Allah's Apostle! Jews invent such lies
as make one astonished, so please ask them
about me before they know about my conversion
to I slam . " The Jews came, and the Prophet
said, "What kind of man is 'Abdullah bin Salam
among you?" They replied, "The best of us and
the son of the best of us and the most superior
among us, and the son of the most superior
among us. "The Prophet said, "What would you
think if 'Abdullah bin Salam should embrace
Islam?" They said, "May Allah protect him from
that." The Prophet repeated his question and they
gave the same answer. Then 'Abdullah came out

to them and said, "I testify that None has the right

to be worshipped except Allah and that
Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah!" On this, the
Jews said, "He is the most wicked among us and
the son of the most wicked among us." So they
degraded him. On this, he (i.e. 'Abdullah bin
Salam) said, "It is this that I was afraid of, O
Allah's Apostle.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 276:
Narrated Abu Al-Minhal 'AbdurRahman bin
Mut'im:
A partner of mine sold some Dirhams on credit in
the market. I said, "Glorified be Allah! Is this

legal?" He replied, "Glorified be Allah! By Allah,

when I sold them in the market, nobody objected

to it." Then I asked Al-Bara' bin 'Azib (about it)

he said, "We used to make such a transaction
when the Prophet came to Medina. So he said,

'There is no harm in it if it is done from hand to

hand, but it is not allowed on credit.' Go to Zaid

bin Al- Arqam and ask him about it for he was

the greatest trader of all of us." So I asked Zaid

bin Al-Arqam., and he said the same (as
Al-Bara) did."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 277:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Had only ten Jews (amongst
their chiefs) believe me, all the Jews would
definitely have believed me."
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 278:
Narrated Abu Musa:
When the Prophet arrived at Medina, he noticed
that some people among the Jews used to
respect Ashura' (i.e. 10th of Muharram) and fast
on it. The Prophet then said, "We have more
right to observe fast on this day." and ordered
that fasting should be observed on it.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 279:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
When the Prophet arrived at Medina he found
that the Jews observed fast on the day of
'Ashura'. They were asked the reason for the
fast. They replied, "This is the day when Allah
caused Moses and the children of Israel to have
victory over Pharaoh, so we fast on this day as a
sign of glorifying it." Allah's Apostle said, "We
are closer to Moses than you." Then he ordered
that fasting on this day should be observed.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 280:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abbas:
The Prophet used to keep his hair falling loose
while the pagans used to part their hair, and the
People of the Scriptures used to keep their hair

falling loose, and the Prophet liked to follow the

People of the Scriptures in matters about which
he had not been instructed differently, but later
on the Prophet started parting his hair.
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 281:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
They, the people of the Scriptures, divided this

Scripture into parts, believing in some portions of

it and disbelieving the others. (See 15:91)
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 282:
Narrated Salman Al-Farisi:
That he was sold (as a slave) by one master to
another for more than ten times (i.e between 13
and 19).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 283:
Narrated Salman:
I am from Ram-Hurmuz (i.e. a Persian town).
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 284:
Narrated Salman:
The interval between Jesus and Muhammad was
six hundred years.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 59:
Military Expeditions led by
the Prophet (pbuh)
(Al-Maghaazi)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 285:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
Once, while I was sitting beside Zaid bin
Al-Arqam, he was asked, "How many Ghazwat
did the Prophet undertake?" Zaid replied,
"Nineteen." They said, "In how many Ghazwat
did you join him?" He replied, "Seventeen." I
asked, "Which of these was the first?" He
replied, "Al-'Ashira or Al-'Ashiru."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 286:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud:
From Sad bin Mu'adh: Sad bin Mu'adh was an
intimate friend of Umaiya bin Khalaf and
whenever Umaiya passed through Medina, he
used to stay with Sad, and whenever Sad went
to Mecca, he used to stay with Umaiya. When
Allah's Apostle arrived at Medina, Sa'd went to
perform 'Umra and stayed at Umaiya's home in
Mecca. He said to Umaiya, "Tell me of a time
when (the Mosque) is empty so that I may be
able to perform Tawaf around the Ka'ba." So
Umaiya went with him about midday. Abu Jahl
met them and said, "O Abu Safwan! Who is this
man accompanying you?" He said, "He is Sad."
Abu Jahl addressed Sad saying, "I see you
wandering about safely in Mecca inspite of the
fact that you have given shelter to the people
who have changed their religion (i.e. became
Muslims) and have claimed that you will help
them and support them. By Allah, if you were not
in the company of Abu Safwan, you would not

be able to go your family safely." Sad, raising his

voice, said to him, "By Allah, if you should stop
me from doing this (i.e. performing Tawaf) I
would certainly prevent you from something
which is more valuable for you, that is, your
passage through Medina." On this, Umaiya said
to him, "O Sad do not raise your voice before
Abu-l-Hakam, the chief of the people of the
Valley (of Mecca)." Sad said, "O Umaiya, stop
that! By Allah, I have heard Allah's Apostle
predicting that the Muslim will kill you." Umaiya
asked, "In Mecca?" Sad said, "I do not know."
Umaiya was greatly scared by that news.
When Umaiya returned to his family, he said to
his wife, "O Um Safwan! Don't you know what
Sad told me? "She said, "What has he told you?"
He replied, "He claims that Muhammad has

informed them (i.e. companions that they will kill

me. I asked him, 'In Mecca?' He replied, 'I do
not know." Then Umaiya added, "By Allah, I will
never go out of Mecca." But when the day of
(the Ghazwa of) Badr came, Abu Jahl called the
people to war, saying, "Go and protect your
caravan." But Umaiya disliked to go out (of
Mecca). Abu Jahl came to him and said, "O Abu
Safwan! If the people see you staying behind
though you are the chief of the people of the
Valley, then they will remain behind with you."
Abu Jahl kept on urging him to go until he (i.e.
Umaiya) said, "As you have forced me to change
my mind, by Allah, I will buy the best camel in
Mecca. Then Umaiya said (to his wife). "O Um
Safwan, prepare what I need (for the journey)."
She said to him, "O Abu Safwan! Have you
forgotten what your Yathribi brother told you?"
He said, "No, but I do not want to go with them
but for a short distance." So when Umaiya went
out, he used to tie his camel wherever he
camped. He kept on doing that till Allah caused
him to be killed at Badr.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 287:
Narrated Kab bin Malik:

I never failed to join Allah's Apostle in any of his

Ghazawat except in the Ghazwa of Tabuk.
However, I did not take part in the Ghazwa of
Badr, but none who failed to take part in it, was
blamed, for Allah's Apostle had gone out to meet
the caravans of (Quraish, but Allah caused them
(i.e. Muslims) to meet their enemy unexpectedly
(with no previous intention) .
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 288:
Narrated Ibn Masud:
I witnessed Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad in a scene
which would have been dearer to me than
anything had I been the hero of that scene. He
(i.e. Al-Miqdad) came to the Prophet while the
Prophet was urging the Muslims to fight with the
pagans. Al-Miqdad said, "We will not say as the
People of Moses said: Go you and your Lord
and fight you two. (5.27). But we shall fight on

your right and on your left and in front of you and

behind you." I saw the face of the Prophet getting

bright with happiness, for that saying delighted
him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 289:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
On the day of the battle of Badr, the Prophet
said, "O Allah! I appeal to You (to fulfill) Your
Covenant and Promise. O Allah! If Your Will is
that none should worship You (then give victory
to the pagans)." Then Abu Bakr took hold of him

by the hand and said, "This is sufficient for you."

The Prophet came out saying, "Their multitude
will be put to flight and they will show their
backs." (54.45)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 290:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The believers who failed to join the Ghazwa of
Badr and those who took part in it are not equal
(in reward).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 291:
Narrated Al-Bara:
I and Ibn 'Umar were considered too young to
take part in the battle of Badr.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 292:
Narrated Al-Bara:
I and Ibn 'Umar were considered too young (to
take part) in the battle of Badr, and the number
of the Emigrant warriors were over sixty (men)
and the Ansar were over 249.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 293:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The companions of (the Prophet) Muhammad
who took part in Badr, told me that their number
was that of Saul's (i.e. Talut's) companions who
crossed the river (of Jordan) with him and they
were over three-hundred-and-ten men. By Allah,
none crossed the river with him but a believer.
(See Qur'an 2:249)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 294:
Narrated Al-Bara:
We, the Companions of Muhammad used to say
that the number of the warriors of Badr was the
same as the number of Saul's companions who
crossed the river (of Jordan) with him, and none

crossed the river with him but a believer, and the

were over three-hundred-and-ten men.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 295:
Narrated Al-Bara:
As below (Hadith 295).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 296:
Narrated Al-Bara:
We used to say that the warriors of Badr were
over three-hundred-and-ten, as many as the
Companions of Saul who crossed the river with
him; and none crossed the river with him but a
believer.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 297:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud:
The Prophet faced the Ka'ba and invoked evil on
some people of Quraish, on Shaiba bin Rabi'a,
'Utba bin Rabi'a, Al-Walid bin 'Utba and Abu
Jahl bin Hisham. I bear witness, by Allah, that I
saw them all dead, putrefied by the sun as that
day was a very hot day.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 298:
Narrated Abdullah: That he came across Abu
Jahl while he was on the point of death on the
day of Badr. Abu Jahl said, "You should not be
proud that you have killed me nor I am ashamed
of being killed by my own folk."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 299:
Narrated Anas:
As below (Hadith 300).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 300:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "Who will go and see what has
happened to Abu Jahl?" Ibn Mas'ud went and
found that the two sons of 'Afra had struck him

fatally (and he was in his last breaths). 'Abdullah

bin Mas'ud said, "Are you Abu Jahl?" And took
him by the beard. Abu Jahl said, "Can there be a
man superior to one you have killed or one
whom his own folk have killed?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 301:
Narrated Anas:
On the day of Badr, the Prophet said, "Who will
go and see what has happened to Abu Jahl?" Ibn
Mas'ud went and found that the two sons of
'Afra had struck him fatally. 'Abdullah bin
Mas'ud got hold of his beard and said, "'Are you
Abu Jahl?" He replied, "Can there be a man
more superior to one whom his own folk have
killed (or you have killed)?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 302:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
(as above Hadith 301).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 303:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf:

(the grandfather of Salih bin Ibrahim) the story of

Badr, namely, the narration regarding the sons of
'Afra'.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 304:
Narrated Abu Mijlaz:
From Qais bin Ubad: 'Ali bin Abi Talib said, "I
shall be the first man to kneel down before
(Allah), the Beneficent to receive His judgment
on the day of Resurrection (in my favor)." Qais
bin Ubad also said, "The following Verse was
revealed in their connection:--
"These two opponents believers and
disbelievers) Dispute with each other About their
Lord." (22.19) Qais said that they were those
who fought on the day of Badr, namely, Hamza,
'Ali, 'Ubaida or Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Harith,
Shaiba bin Rabi'a, 'Utba and Al-Wahd bin Utba.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 305:
Narrated Abu Dhar:
The following Holy Verse:--
"These two opponents (believers & disbelievers)
dispute with each other about their Lord,"
(22.19) was revealed concerning six men from
Quraish, namely, 'Ali, Hamza, 'Ubaida bin
Al-Harith; Shaiba bin Rabi'a, 'Utba bin Rabi'a
and Al-Walid bin 'Utba.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 306:
Narrated 'Ali:
The following Holy Verse:-- "These two
opponents (believers and disbelievers) dispute
with each other about their Lord." (22.19) was
revealed concerning us.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 307:
Narrated Qais bin Ubad:
I heard Abu Dhar swearing that these Holy
Verses were revealed in connection with those
six persons on the day of Badr.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 308:
Narrated Qais:
I heard Abu Dhar swearing that the following
Holy verse:-- "These two opponents (believers
and disbelievers) disputing with each other about
their Lord," (22.19) was revealed concerning
those men who fought on the day of Badr,
namely, Hamza, 'Ali, Ubaida bin Al-Harith, Utba
and Shaiba----the two sons of Rabi'a-- and
Al-Walid bin 'Utba.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 309:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
A man asked Al-Bara' and I was listening, "Did
'Ali take part in (the battle of) Badr?" Al-Bara'
said, "(Yes). he even met (his enemies) in a duel
and was clad in two armors (one over the
other),"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 310:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf:
"I had an agreement with Umaiya bin Khalaf (that
he would look after my relatives and property in
Mecca, and I would look after his relatives and
property in Medina)." 'Abdur-Rahman then
mentioned the killing of Umaiya and his son on
the day of Badr, and Bilal said, "Woe to me if
Umaiya remains safe (i.e. alive) . "
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 311:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The Prophet recited Surat-an-Najm and then
prostrated himself, and all who were with him
prostrated too. But an old man took a handful of
dust and touched his forehead with it saying,
"This is sufficient for me." Later on I saw him
killed as an infidel.
Narrated 'Urwa (the son of Az- Zubair):
Az-Zubair had three scars caused by the sword,
one of which was over his shoulder and I used to
insert my fingers in it. He received two of those
wounds on the day of Badr and one on the day
of Al-Yarmuk. When 'Abdullah bin Zubair was
killed, 'Abdul-Malik bin Marwan said to me, "O
'Urwa, do you recognize the sword of
Az-Zubair?" I said, "Yes." He said, "What marks

does it have?" I replied, "It has a dent in its sharp

edge which was caused in it on the day of Badr."
'Abdul- Malik said, "You are right! (i.e. their
swords) have dents because of clashing with the
regiments of the enemies Then 'Abdul-Malik
returned that sword to me (i.e. Urwa). (Hisham,
'Urwa's son said, "We estimated the price of the

sword as three-thousand (Dinars) and after that it

was taken by one of us (i.e. the inheritors) and I

wish I could have had it.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 312:
Narrated Hisham:
That his father said, "The sword of Az-Zubair
was decorated with silver." Hisham added, "The
sword of 'Urwa was (also) decorated with silver.
"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 313:
Narrated 'Urwa:
On the day of (the battle) of Al-Yarmuk, the
companions of Allah's Apostle said to
Az-Zubair, "Will you attack the enemy so that
we shall attack them with you?" Az-Zubair
replied, "If I attack them, you people would not
support me." They said, "No, we will support
you." So Az-Zubair attacked them (i.e.
Byzantine) and pierced through their lines, and
went beyond them and none of his companions
was with him. Then he returned and the enemy
got hold of the bridle of his (horse) and struck
him two blows (with the sword) on his shoulder.
Between these two wounds there was a scar
caused by a blow, he had received on the day of
Badr (battle). When I was a child I used to play
with those scars by putting my fingers in them.
On that day (my brother) "Abdullah bin
Az-Zubair was also with him and he was ten
years old. Az-Zubair had carried him on a horse
and let him to the care of some men.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 314:
Narrated Abu Talha:
On the day of Badr, the Prophet ordered that the
corpses of twenty four leaders of Quraish should

be thrown into one of the dirty dry wells of Badr.

(It was a habit of the Prophet that whenever he
conquered some people, he used to stay at the

battle-field for three nights. So, on the third day

of the battle of Badr, he ordered that his
she-camel be saddled, then he set out, and his
companions followed him saying among
themselves." "Definitely he (i.e. the Prophet) is
proceeding for some great purpose." When he
halted at the edge of the well, he addressed the
corpses of the Quraish infidels by their names
and their fathers' names, "O so-and-so, son of
so-and-so and O so-and-so, son of so-and-so!
Would it have pleased you if you had obeyed
Allah and His Apostle? We have found true what
our Lord promised us. Have you too found true
what your Lord promised you? "'Umar said, "O
Allah's Apostle! You are speaking to bodies that
have no souls!" Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in
Whose Hand Muhammad's soul is, you do not
hear, what I say better than they do." (Qatada
said, "Allah brought them to life (again) to let
them hear him, to reprimand them and slight them
and take revenge over them and caused them to
feel remorseful and regretful.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 315:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
regarding the Statement of Allah:--"Those who
have changed Allah's Blessings for disbelief..."
(14.28) The people meant here by Allah, are the
infidels of Quraish. ('Amr, a sub-narrator said,
"Those are (the infidels of) Quraish and
Muhammad is Allah's Blessing. Regarding Allah's
Statement:"..and have led their people Into the
house of destruction? (14.29) Ibn 'Abbas said,

"It means the Fire they will suffer from (after their

death) on the day of Badr."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 316:
Narrated Hisham's father:
It was mentioned before 'Aisha that Ibn 'Umar
attributed the following statement to the Prophet
"The dead person is punished in the grave
because of the crying and lamentation Of his

family." On that, 'Aisha said, "But Allah's Apostle

said, 'The dead person is punished for his crimes
and sins while his family cry over him then." She
added, "And this is similar to the statement of
Allah's Apostle when he stood by the (edge of
the) well which contained the corpses of the
pagans killed at Badr, 'They hear what I say.'
She added, "But he said now they know very
well what I used to tell them was the truth."
'Aisha then recited: 'You cannot make the dead
hear.' (30.52) and 'You cannot make those who
are in their Graves, hear you.' (35.22) that is,
when they had taken their places in the (Hell)
Fire.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 317:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet stood at the well of Badr (which
contained the corpses of the pagans) and said,
"Have you found true what your lord promised
you?" Then he further said, "They now hear what
I say." This was mentioned before 'Aisha and she
said, "But the Prophet said, 'Now they know
very well that what I used to tell them was the
truth.' Then she recited (the Holy Verse):-- "You
cannot make the dead hear... ...till the end of
Verse)." (30.52)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 318:
Narrated Anas:
Haritha was martyred on the day (of the battle)
of Badr, and he was a young boy then. His
mother came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! You know how dear Haritha is to me.
If he is in Paradise, I shall remain patient, and
hope for reward from Allah, but if it is not so,
then you shall see what I do?" He said, "May
Allah be merciful to you! Have you lost your
senses? Do you think there is only one Paradise?
There are many Paradises and your son is in the
(most superior) Paradise of Al-Firdaus."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 319:
Narrated 'Ali:
Allah's Apostle sent me, Abu Marthad and
Az-Zubair, and all of us were riding horses, and
said, "Go till you reach Raudat-Khakh where
there is a pagan woman carrying a letter from
Hatib bin Abi Balta' a to the pagans of Mecca."
So we found her riding her camel at the place
which Allah's Apostle had mentioned. We said

(to her),"(Give us) the letter." She said, "I have

no letter." Then we made her camel kneel down
and we searched her, but we found no letter.
Then we said, "Allah's Apostle had not told us a
lie, certainly. Take out the letter, otherwise we
will strip you naked." When she saw that we
were determined, she put her hand below her
waist belt, for she had tied her cloak round her
waist, and she took out the letter, and we
brought her to Allah's Apostle Then 'Umar said,
"O Allah's Apostle! (This Hatib) has betrayed
Allah, His Apostle and the believers! Let me cut
off his neck!" The Prophet asked Hatib, "What
made you do this?" Hatib said, "By Allah, I did
not intend to give up my belief in Allah and His
Apostle but I wanted to have some influence
among the (Mecca) people so that through it,
Allah might protect my family and property.
There is none of your companions but has some
of his relatives there through whom Allah
protects his family and property." The Prophet
said, "He has spoken the truth; do no say to him
but good." 'Umar said, "He as betrayed Allah,

His Apostle and the faithful believers. Let me cut

off his neck!" The Prophet said, "Is he not one of

the Badr warriors? May be Allah looked at the
Badr warriors and said, 'Do whatever you like,
as I have granted Paradise to you, or said, 'I
have forgiven you."' On this, tears came out of
Umar's eyes, and he said, "Allah and His Apostle
know better."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 320:
Narrated Usaid:
On the day of Badr, Allah's Apostle said to us,
"When the enemy comes near to you, shoot at
them but use your arrows sparingly (so that your
arrows should not be wasted)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 321:
Narrated Abu Usaid:
On the day of (the battle of) Badr, Allah's
Apostle said to us, "When your enemy comes
near to you (i.e. overcome you by sheer
number), shoot at them but use your arrows
sparingly."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 322:
Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:
On the day of Uhud the Prophet appointed
'Abdullah bin Jubair as chief of the archers, and
seventy among us were injured and martyred. On
the day (of the battle) of Badr, the Prophet and
his companions had inflicted 140 casualties on
the pagans, 70 were taken prisoners, and 70
were killed. Abu Sufyan said, "This is a day of
(revenge) for the day of Badr and the issue of
war is undecided ."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 323:
Narrated Abu Musa:
That the Prophet said, "The good is what Allah
gave us later on (after Uhud), and the reward of
truthfulness is what Allah gave us after the day
(of the battle) of Badr."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 324:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf:

While I was fighting in the front file on the day (of

the battle) of Badr, suddenly I looked behind and
saw on my right and left two young boys and did
not feel safe by standing between them. Then one
of them asked me secretly so that his companion
may not hear, "O Uncle! Show me Abu Jahl." I
said, "O nephew! What will you do to him?" He

said, "I have promised Allah that if I see him (i.e.

Abu Jahl), I will either kill him or be killed before

I kill him." Then the other said the same to me
secretly so that his companion should not hear. I
would not have been pleased to be in between
two other men instead of them. Then I pointed
him (i.e. Abu Jahl) out to them. Both of them
attacked him like two hawks till they knocked
him down. Those two boys were the sons of
'Afra' (i.e. an Ansari woman).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 325:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle sent out ten spies under the
command of 'Asim bin Thabit Al-Ansari, the
grand-father of 'Asim bin 'Umar Al-Khattab.
When they reached (a place called) Al-Hadah
between 'Usfan and Mecca, their presence was
made known to a sub-tribe of Hudhail called
Banu Lihyan. So they sent about one hundred
archers after them. The archers traced the
footsteps (of the Muslims) till they found the
traces of dates which they had eaten at one of
their camping places. The archers said, "These
dates are of Yathrib (i.e. Medina)," and went on
tracing the Muslims' footsteps. When 'Asim and
his companions became aware of them, they
took refuge in a (high) place. But the enemy
encircled them and said, "Come down and
surrender. We give you a solemn promise and
covenant that we will not kill anyone of you."
'Asim bin Thabit said, "O people! As for myself,
I will never get down to be under the protection
of an infidel. O Allah! Inform your Prophet about
us." So the archers threw their arrows at them
and martyred 'Asim. Three of them came down
and surrendered to them, accepting their promise
and covenant and they were Khubaib, Zaid bin
Ad-Dathina and another man. When the archers
got hold of them, they untied the strings of the
arrow bows and tied their captives with them.
The third man said, "This is the first proof of
treachery! By Allah, I will not go with you for I
follow the example of these." He meant the
martyred companions. The archers dragged him
and struggled with him (till they martyred him).
Then Khubaib and Zaid bin Ad-Dathina were
taken away by them and later on they sold them
as slaves in Mecca after the event of the Badr
battle.
The sons of Al-Harit bin 'Amr bin Naufal bought
Khubaib for he was a person who had killed

(their father) Al-Hari bin 'Amr on the day (of the

battle) of Badr. Khubaib remained imprisoned by
them till they decided unanimously to kill him.
One day Khubaib borrowed from a daughter of

Al-Harith, a razor for shaving his public hair, and

she lent it to him. By chance, while she was

inattentive, a little son of hers went to him (i.e.

Khubaib) and she saw that Khubaib had seated
him on his thigh while the razor was in his hand.
She was so much terrified that Khubaib noticed

her fear and said, "Are you afraid that I will kill

him? Never would I do such a thing." Later on

(while narrating the story) she said, "By Allah, I

had never seen a better captive than Khubaib.
By Allah, one day I saw him eating from a bunch
of grapes in his hand while he was fettered with

iron chains and (at that time) there was no fruit in

Mecca." She used to say," It was food Allah had
provided Khubaib with."
When they took him to Al-Hil out of Mecca
sanctuary to martyr him, Khubaib requested
them. "Allow me to offer a two-Rak'at prayer."
They allowed him and he prayed two Rakat and
then said, "By Allah! Had I not been afraid that
you would think I was worried, I would have
prayed more." Then he (invoked evil upon them)
saying, "O Allah! Count them and kill them one
by one, and do not leave anyone of them"' Then
he recited: "As I am martyred as a Muslim, I do
not care in what way I receive my death for

Allah's Sake, for this is for the Cause of Allah. If

He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs of my
body." Then Abu Sarva, 'Ubqa bin Al-Harith
went up to him and killed him. It was Khubaib

who set the tradition of praying for any Muslim to

be martyred in captivity (before he is executed).
The Prophet told his companions of what had
happened (to those ten spies) on the same day
they were martyred. Some Quraish people, being
informed of 'Asim bin Thabit's death, sent some

messengers to bring a part of his body so that his

death might be known for certain, for he had

previously killed one of their leaders (in the battle

of Badr). But Allah sent a swarm of wasps to
protect the dead body of 'Asim, and they
shielded him from the messengers who could not
cut anything from his body.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 326:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn 'Umar was once told that Said bin Zaid bin
'Amr bin Nufail, one of the Badr warriors, had

fallen ill on a Friday. Ibn 'Umar rode to him late

in the forenoon. The time of the Friday prayer
approached and Ibn 'Umar did not take part in
the Friday prayer.
Narrated Subaia bint Al-Harith: That she was
married to Sad bin Khaula who was from the
tribe of Bani 'Amr bin Luai, and was one of those
who fought the Badr battle. He died while she
wa pregnant during Hajjat-ul-Wada.' Soon after
his death, she gave birth to a child. When she
completed the term of deliver (i.e. became
clean), she prepared herself for suitors. Abu
As-Sanabil bin Bu'kak, a man from the tribe of
Bani Abd-ud-Dal called on her and said to her,
"What! I see you dressed up for the people to
ask you in marriage. Do you want to marry By
Allah, you are not allowed to marry unless four
months and ten days have elapsed (after your
husband's death)." Subai'a in her narration said,
"When he (i.e. Abu As-Sanabil) said this to me. I
put on my dress in the evening and went to
Allah's Apostle and asked him about this
problem. He gave the verdict that I was free to
marry as I had already given birth to my child
and ordered me to marry if I wished."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 327:
Narrated Rifaa:
(who was one of the Badr warriors) Gabriel
came to the Prophet and said, "How do you look
upon the warriors of Badr among yourselves?"
The Prophet said, "As the best of the Muslims."

or said a similar statement. On that, Gabriel said,

"And so are the Angels who participated in the
Badr (battle)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 328:
Narrated Mu'adh bin Rifa'a bin Rafi:
Rifa'a was one of the warriors of Badr while (his
father) Rafi' was one of the people of Al-'Aqaba
(i.e. those who gave the pledge of allegiance at

Al-'Aqaba). Rafi' used to say to his son, "I would

not have been happier if I had taken part in the
Badr battle instead of taking part in the 'Aqaba
pledge."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 329:
Narrated Mu'adh:
The one who asked (the Prophet) was Gabriel.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 330:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet said on the day (of the battle) of
Badr, "This is Gabriel holding the head of his
horse and equipped with arms for the battle.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 331:
Narrated Anas:
Abu Zaid died and did not leave any offspring,
and he was one of the Badr warriors.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 332:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Abu Said bin Malik Al-Khudri returned from a
journey and his family offered him some meat of

sacrifices offered at 'Id ul Adha. On that he said,

"I will not eat it before asking (whether it is
allowed)." He went to his maternal brother,
Qatada bin N i 'man, who was one of the Badr
warriors, and asked him about it. Qatada said,
"After your departure, an order was issued by
the Prophet cancelling the prohibition of eating
sacrifices after three days."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 333:
Narrated 'Urwa:
Az-Zubair said, "I met Ubaida bin Said bin
Al-As on the day (of the battle) of Badr and he
was covered with armor; so much that only his
eyes were visible. He was surnamed Abu
Dhat-al-Karish. He said (proudly), 'I am
Abu-al-Karish.' I attacked him with the spear
and pierced his eye and he died. I put my foot
over his body to pull (that spear) out, but even

then I had to use a great force to take it out as its

both ends were bent." 'Urwa said, "Later on
Allah's Apostle asked Az-Zubair for the spear
and he gave it to him. When Allah's Apostle
died, Az-Zubair took it back. After that Abu
Bakr demanded it and he gave it to him, and
when Abu Bakr died, Az-Zubair took it back.
'Umar then demanded it from him and he gave it
to him. When 'Umar died, Az-Zubair took it
back, and then 'Uthman demanded it from him
and he gave it to him. When 'Uthman was

martyred, the spear remained with Ali's offspring.

Then 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair demanded it back,
and it remained with him till he was martyred.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 334:
Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit:
(who was one of the Badr warriors) Allah's
Apostle said, "Give me the pledge of allegiance."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 335:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) Abu Hudhaifa, one of
those who fought the battle of Badr, with Allah's
Apostle adopted Salim as his son and married his
niece Hind bint Al-Wahd bin 'Utba to him' and
Salim was a freed slave of an Ansari woman.
Allah's Apostle also adopted Zaid as his son. In
the Pre-lslamic period of ignorance the custom
was that, if one adopted a son, the people would
call him by the name of the adopted-father whom

he would inherit as well, till Allah revealed: "Call

them (adopted sons) By (the names of) their
fathers." (33.5)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 336:
Narrated Ar-Rubai bint Muauwidh:
The Prophet came to me after consuming his
marriage with me and sat down on my bed as
you (the sub-narrator) are sitting now, and small
girls were beating the tambourine and singing in
lamentation of my father who had been killed on
the day of the battle of Badr. Then one of the
girls said, "There is a Prophet amongst us who
knows what will happen tomorrow." The

Prophet said (to her)," Do not say this, but go on

saying what you have spoken before."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 337:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
As below (Hadith 338).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 338:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Abu Talha, a companion of Allah's Apostle and
one of those who fought at Badr together with

Allah's Apostle told me that Allah's Apostle said.

"Angels do not enter a house in which there is a
dog or a picture" He meant the images of
creatures that have souls.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 339:
Narrated 'Ali:
as below (Hadith 340).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 340:
Narrated 'Ali:
I had a she-camel which I got in my share from
the booty of the battle of Badr, and the Prophet
had given me another she camel from the
Khumus which Allah had bestowed on him that
day. And when I intended to celebrate my
marriage to Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet,
I made an arrangement with a goldsmith from
Bani Qainuqa 'that he should go with me to bring

Idhkhir (i.e. a kind of grass used by gold-smiths)

which I intended to sell to gold-smiths in order to

spend its price on the marriage banquet. While I
was collecting ropes and sacks of pack saddles
for my two she-camels which were kneeling
down beside an Ansari's dwelling and after
collecting what I needed, I suddenly found that
the humps of the two she-camels had been cut
off and their flanks had been cut open and
portions of their livers had been taken out. On
seeing that, I could not help weeping. I asked,
"Who has done that?" They (i.e. the people) said,
"Hamza bin 'Abdul Muttalib has done it. He is
present in this house with some Ansari drinkers,

a girl singer, and his friends. The singer said in

her song, "O Hamza, get at the fat she-camels!"
On hearing this, Hamza rushed to his sword and
cut of the camels' humps and cut their flanks
open and took out portions from their livers."
Then I came to the Prophet, with whom Zaid bin
Haritha was present. The Prophet noticed my
state and asked, "What is the matter?" I said, "O
Allah's Apostle, I have never experienced such a
day as today! Hamza attacked my two
she-camels, cut off their humps and cut their
flanks open, and he is still present in a house
along some drinkers." The Prophet asked for his
cloak, put it on, and proceeded, followed by
Zaid bin Haritha and myself, till he reached the
house where Hamza was. He asked the
permission to enter, and he was permitted. The
Prophet started blaming Hamza for what he had
done. Hamza was drunk and his eyes were red.
He looked at the Prophet then raised his eyes to
look at his knees and raised his eves more to
look at his face and then said, "You are not but
my father's slaves." When the Prophet
understood that Hamza was drunk, he retreated,
walking backwards went out and we left with
him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 341:
Narrated Ibn Maqal:

'Ali led the funeral prayer of Sahl bin Hunaif and

said, "He was one of the warriors of Badr."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 342:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "When (my daughter)
Hafsa bint 'Umar lost her husband Khunais bin
Hudhaifa As-Sahrni who was one of the
companions of Allah's Apostle and had fought in
the battle of Badr and had died in Medina, I met
'Uthman bin 'Affan and suggested that he should
marry Hafsa saying, "If you wish, I will marry

Hafsa bint 'Umar to you,' on that, he said, 'I will

think it over.' I waited for a few days and then he

said to me. 'I am of the opinion that I shall not
marry at present.' Then I met Abu Bakr and said,

'if you wish, I will marry you, Hafsa bint 'Umar.'

He kept quiet and did not give me any reply and
I became more angry with him than I was with
Uthman . Some days later, Allah's Apostle
demanded her hand in marriage and I married
her to him. Later on Abu Bakr met me and said,
"Perhaps you were angry with me when you
offered me Hafsa for marriage and I gave no
reply to you?' I said, 'Yes.' Abu Bakr said,
'Nothing prevented me from accepting your offer
except that I learnt that Allah's Apostle had
referred to the issue of Hafsa and I did not want

to disclose the secret of Allah's Apostle , but had

he (i.e. the Prophet) given her up I would surely
have accepted her."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 343:
Narrated Abu Masud Al-Badri:
The Prophet said, "A man's spending on his
family is a deed of charity."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 344:
Narrated Az-Zuhri:
I heard 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair talking to 'Umar bin
'Abdul 'Aziz during the latter's Governorship (at
Medina), he said, "Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba
delayed the 'Asr prayer when he was the ruler of
Al-Kufa. On that, Abu Mas'ud. 'Uqba bin 'Amr
Al-Ansari, the grand-father of Zaid bin Hasan,
who was one of the Badr warriors, came in and
said, (to Al-Mughira), 'You know that Gabriel
came down and offered the prayer and Allah's
Apostle prayed five prescribed prayers, and
Gabriel said (to the Prophet ), "I have been

ordered to do so (i.e. offer these five prayers at

these fixed stated hours of the day)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 345:
Narrated Abu Masud Al-Badri:

Allah's Apostle said, "It is sufficient for one to

recite the last two Verses of Surat-al-Baqara at
night."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 346:
Narrated Mahmud bin Ar-Rabi:
That 'Itban bin Malik who was one of the
companions of the Prophet and one of the
warriors of Badr, came to Allah's Apostle.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 347:
Narrated Ibn Shihab:
I asked Al-Husain bin Muhammad who was one
of the sons of Salim and one of the nobles
amongst them, about the narration of Mahmud
bin Ar-Rabi 'from 'Itban bin Malik, and he
confirmed it.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 348:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Rabi'a:
who was one of the leaders of Bani 'Adi and his
father participated in the battle of Badr in the
company of the Prophet. 'Umar appointed
Qudama bin Maz'un as ruler of Bahrain, Qudama
was one of the warriors of the battle of Badr and
was the maternal uncle of Abdullah bin 'Umar
and Hafsa.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 349:
Narrated Az-Zuhri:
Salim bin 'Abdullah told me that Rafi' bin Khadij
told 'Abdullah bin 'Umar that his two paternal
uncles who had fought in the battle of Badr
informed him that Allah's Apostle forbade the
renting of fields. I said to Salim, "Do you rent

your land?" He said, "Yes, for Rafi' is mistaken."

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 350:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Shaddad bin Al-Had
Al-Laithi:
I saw Rifa'a bin Rafi Al-Ansari who was a Badr
warrior.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 351:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:
That 'Amr bin Auf, who was an ally of Bani
'Amir bin Luai and one of those who fought at
Badr in the company of the Prophet , said,
"Allah's Apostle sent Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah
to Bahrain to bring the Jizya taxation from its
people, for Allah's Apostle had made a peace
treaty with the people of Bahrain and appointed
Al-'Ala' bin Al-Hadrami as their ruler. So, Abu
'Ubaida arrived with the money from Bahrain.
When the Ansar heard of the arrival of Abu
'Ubaida (on the next day) they offered the
morning prayer with the Prophet and when the
morning prayer had finished, they presented
themselves before him. On seeing the Ansar,

Allah's Apostle smiled and said, "I think you have

heard that Abu 'Ubaida has brought something?"
They replied, "Indeed, it is so, O Allah's
Apostle!" He said, "Be happy, and hope for what

will please you. By Allah, I am not afraid that you

will be poor, but I fear that worldly wealth will be

bestowed upon you as it was bestowed upon
those who lived before you. So you will compete

amongst yourselves for it, as they competed for it

and it will destroy you as it did them."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 352:

Narrated Nafi: Ibn 'Umar used to kill all kinds of

snakes until Abu Lubaba Al-Badri told him that
the Prophet had forbidden the killing of harmless
snakes living in houses and called Jinan. So Ibn
'Umar gave up killing them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 353:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Some men of the Ansar requested Allah's
Apostle to allow them to see him, they said,
"Allow us to forgive the ransom of our sister's
son, 'Abbas." The Prophet said, "By Allah, you
will not leave a single Dirham of it!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 354:
Narrated 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi bin Al-Khiyar:
That Al-Miqdad bin 'Amr Al-Kindi, who was an
ally of Bani Zuhra and one of those who fought
the battle of Badr together with Allah's Apostle
told him that he said to Allah's Apostle,
"Suppose I met one of the infidels and we fought,
and he struck one of my hands with his sword
and cut it off and then took refuge in a tree and
said, "I surrender to Allah (i.e. I have become a
Muslim),' could I kill him, O Allah's Apostle,
after he had said this?" Allah's Apostle said,
"You should not kill him." Al-Miqdad said, "O
Allah's Apostle! But he had cut off one of my
two hands, and then he had uttered those
words?" Allah's Apostle replied, "You should not

kill him, for if you kill him, he would be in your

position where you had been before killing him,
and you would be in his position where he had
been before uttering those words."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 355:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle said on the day of Badr, "Who
will go and see what has happened to Abu Jahl?"
Ibn Mas'ud went and saw him struck by the two
sons of 'Afra and was on the point of death . Ibn
Mas'ud said, "Are you Abu Jahl?" Abu Jahl
replied, "Can there be a man more superior to
the one whom you have killed (or as Sulaiman
said, or his own folk have killed.)?" Abu Jahl
added, "Would that I had been killed by other
than a mere farmer. "
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 356:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
'Umar said, "When the Prophet died I said to
Abu Bakr, 'Let us go to our Ansari brethren.'
We met two pious men from them, who had
fought in the battle of Badr." When I mentioned
this to Urwa bin Az-Zubair, he said, "Those two
pious men were 'Uwaim bin Sa'ida and Manbin
Adi."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 357:
Narrated Qais:
The Badr warriors were given five thousand

(Dirhams) each, yearly. 'Umar said, "I will surely

give them more than what I will give to others."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 358:
Narrated Jubair bin Mut'im:
I heard the Prophet reciting Surat-at-Tur in
Maghrib prayer, and that was at a time when
belief was first planted in my heart. The Prophet
while speaking about the war prisoners of Badr,
said, "Were Al-Mutim bin Adi alive and
interceded with me for these filthy people, I
would definitely forgive them for his sake."
Narrated Said bin Al-Musaiyab: When the first
civil strife (in Islam) took place because of the
murder of 'Uthman, it left none of the Badr

warriors alive. When the second civil strife, that

is the battle of Al-Harra, took place, it left none

of the Hudaibiya treaty companions alive. Then
the third civil strife took place and it did not

subside till it had exhausted all the strength of the

people.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 359:
Narrated Yunus bin Yazid:
I heard Az-Zuhri saying, "I heard 'Urwa bin
Az-Zubair. Said bin Al-Musaiyab, 'Alqama bin
Waqqas and 'Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah each
narrating part of the narrative concerning 'Aisha
the wife of the Prophet. 'Aisha said: When I and
Um Mistah were returning, Um Mistah stumbled
by treading on the end of her robe, and on that
she said, 'May Mistah be ruined.' I said, 'You
have said a bad thing, you curse a man who took
part in the battle of Badr!." Az-Zuhri then
narrated the narration of the Lie (forged against
'Aisha).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 360:
Narrated Ibn Shihab:
These were the battles of Allah's Apostle (which

he fought), and while mentioning (the Badr battle)

he said, "While the corpses of the pagans were
being thrown into the well, Allah's Apostle said
(to them), 'Have you found what your Lord
promised true?" 'Abdullah said, "Some of the
Prophet's companions said, "O Allah's Apostle!
You are addressing dead people.' Allah's
Apostle replied, 'You do not hear what I am
saying, better than they.' The total number of
Muslim fighters from Quraish who fought in the
battle of Badr and were given their share of the
booty, were 81 men." Az-Zubair said, "When
their shares were distributed, their number was
101 men. But Allah knows it better."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 361:
Narrated Az-Zubair:
On the day of Badr, (Quraishi) Emigrants
received 100 shares of the war booty."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 362:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Bani An-Nadir and Bani Quraiza fought (against
the Prophet violating their peace treaty), so the
Prophet exiled Bani An-Nadir and allowed Bani
Quraiza to remain at their places (in Medina)
taking nothing from them till they fought against
the Prophet again) . He then killed their men and
distributed their women, children and property
among the Muslims, but some of them came to
the Prophet and he granted them safety, and they
embraced Islam. He exiled all the Jews from
Medina. They were the Jews of Bani Qainuqa',
the tribe of 'Abdullah bin Salam and the Jews of
Bani Haritha and all the other Jews of Medina.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 363:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I mentioned to Ibn 'Abbas Surat-Hashr. He said,
"Call it Surat-an-Nadir."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 364:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Some people used to allot some date palm trees
to the Prophet as gift till he conquered Banu
Quraiza and Bani An-Nadir, where upon he
started returning their date palms to them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 365:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle had the date-palm trees of Bani
Al-Nadir burnt and cut down at a place called
Al-Buwaira. Allah then revealed: "What you cut
down of the date-palm trees (of the enemy) Or
you left them standing on their stems. It was by
Allah's Permission." (59.5)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 366:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet burnt the date-palm trees of Bani
An-Nadir. Hassan bin Thabit said the following
poetic Verses about this event:-- "the terrible
burning of Al-Buwaira Has been received
indifferently By the nobles of Bani Luai (The
masters and nobles of Quraish)." Abu Sufyan bin

Al-Harith (i.e. the Prophet's cousin who was still

a disbeliever then) replied to Hassan, saying in
poetic verses:-- "May Allah bless that burning
And set all its (i.e. Medina's) Parts on burning
fire. You will see who is far from it (i.e.
Al-Buwaira) And which of our lands will be
Harmed by it (i.e. the burning of Al-Buwaira)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 367:
Narrated Malik bin Aus Al-Hadathan An-Nasri:
That once 'Umar bin Al-Khattab called him and
while he was sitting with him, his gatekeeper,
Yarfa came and said, "Will you admit 'Uthman,
'Abdur-Rahman bin Auf, AzZubair and Sad (bin
Abi Waqqas) who are waiting for your
permission?" 'Umar said, "Yes, let them come
in." After a while, Yarfa- came again and said,
"Will you admit 'Ali and 'Abbas who are asking
your permission?" 'Umar said, "Yes." So, when
the two entered, 'Abbas said, "O chief of the
believers! Judge between me and this (i.e. 'Ali).
"Both of them had a dispute regarding the
property of Bani An-Nadir which Allah had
given to His Apostle as Fai (i.e. booty gained
without fighting), 'Ali and 'Abbas started
reproaching each other. The (present) people
(i.e. 'Uthman and his companions) said, "O chief
of the believers! Give your verdict in their case
and relieve each from) the other." 'Umar said,
"Wait I beseech you, by Allah, by Whose
Permission both the heaven and the earth stand
fast! Do you know that Allah's Apostle said, 'We

(Prophets) our properties are not to be inherited,

and whatever we leave, is to be spent in charity,'

and he said it about himself?" They (i.e. 'Uthman
and his company) said, "He did say it. "'Umar
then turned towards 'Ali and 'Abbas and said, "I
beseech you both, by Allah! Do you know that
Allah's Apostle said this?" They replied in the
affirmative. He said, "Now I am talking to you

about this matter. Allah the Glorified favored His

Apostle with something of this Fai (i.e. booty
won without fighting) which He did not give to
anybody else. Allah said:--
"And what Allah gave to His Apostle ("Fai""
Booty) from them--For which you made no
expedition With either Calvary or camelry. But
Allah gives power to His Apostles Over
whomsoever He will And Allah is able to do all
things." (59.6)

So this property was especially granted to Allah's

Apostle . But by Allah, the Prophet neither took

it all for himself only, nor deprived you of it, but

he gave it to all of you and distributed it amongst

you till only this remained out of it. And from this

Allah's Apostle used to spend the yearly
maintenance for his family, and whatever used to
remain, he used to spend it where Allah's

Property is spent (i.e. in charity), Allah's Apostle

kept on acting like that during all his life, Then he

died, and Abu Bakr said, 'I am the successor of
Allah's Apostle.' So he (i.e. Abu Bakr) took
charge of this property and disposed of it in the
same manner as Allah's Apostle used to do, and

all of you (at that time) knew all about it." Then

'Umar turned towards 'Ali and 'Abbas and said,
"You both remember that Abu Bakr disposed of
it in the way you have described and Allah

knows that, in that matter, he was sincere, pious,

rightly guided and the follower of the right. Then

Allah caused Abu Bakr to die and I said, 'I am
the successor of Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr.'
So I kept this property in my possession for the
first two years of my rule (i.e. Caliphate and I
used to dispose of it in the same wa as Allah's
Apostle and Abu Bakr used to do; and Allah
knows that I have been sincere, pious, rightly

guided an the follower of the right (in this matte

Later on both of you (i.e. 'Ali and Abbas) came
to me, and the claim of you both was one and the
same, O 'Abbas! You also came to me. So I told
you both that Allah's Apostle said, "Our property
is not inherited, but whatever we leave is to be
given in charity.' Then when I thought that I
should better hand over this property to you both
or the condition that you will promise and pledge
before Allah that you will dispose it off in the
same way as Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr did
and as I have done since the beginning of my
caliphate or else you should not speak to me
(about it).' So, both of you said to me, 'Hand it
over to us on this condition.' And on this
condition I handed it over to you. Do you want
me now to give a decision other than that
(decision)? By Allah, with Whose Permission

both the sky and the earth stand fast, I will never

give any decision other than that (decision) till the

Last Hour is established. But if you are unable to

manage it (i.e. that property), then return it to me,

and I will manage on your behalf." The
sub-narrator said, "I told 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair of
this Hadith and he said, 'Malik bin Aus has told

the truth" I heard 'Aisha, the wife of the Prophet

saying, 'The wives of the Prophet sent 'Uthman
to Abu Bakr demanding from him their 1/8 of the
Fai which Allah had granted to his Apostle. But I
used to oppose them and say to them: Will you
not fear Allah? Don't you know that the Prophet
used to say: Our property is not inherited, but
whatever we leave is to be given in charity? The
Prophet mentioned that regarding himself. He
added: 'The family of Muhammad can take their
sustenance from this property. So the wives of
the Prophet stopped demanding it when I told
them of that.' So, this property (of Sadaqa) was
in the hands of Ali who withheld it from 'Abbas
and overpowered him. Then it came in the hands

of Hasan bin 'Ali, then in the hands of Husain bin

'Ali, and then in the hands of Ali bin Husain and
Hasan bin Hasan, and each of the last two used

to manage it in turn, then it came in the hands of

Zaid bin Hasan, and it was truly the Sadaqa of
Allah's Apostle ."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 368:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Fatima and Al'Abbas came to Abu Bakr,

claiming their inheritance of the Prophet's land of

Fadak and his share from Khaibar. Abu Bakr
said, "I heard the Prophet saying, 'Our property
is not inherited, and whatever we leave is to be
given in charity. But the family of Muhammad can
take their sustenance from this property.' By
Allah, I would love to do good to the Kith and
kin of Allah's Apostle rather than to my own Kith
and kin."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 369:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:

Allah's Apostle said, "Who is willing to kill Ka'b

bin Al-Ashraf who has hurt Allah and His
Apostle?" Thereupon Muhammad bin Maslama
got up saying, "O Allah's Apostle! Would you
like that I kill him?" The Prophet said, "Yes,"
Muhammad bin Maslama said, "Then allow me

to say a (false) thing (i.e. to deceive Kab). "The

Prophet said, "You may say it." Then
Muhammad bin Maslama went to Kab and said,
"That man (i.e. Muhammad demands Sadaqa
(i.e. Zakat) from us, and he has troubled us, and
I have come to borrow something from you." On
that, Kab said, "By Allah, you will get tired of
him!" Muhammad bin Maslama said, "Now as
we have followed him, we do not want to leave
him unless and until we see how his end is going
to be. Now we want you to lend us a camel load
or two of food." (Some difference between
narrators about a camel load or two.) Kab said,
"Yes, (I will lend you), but you should mortgage
something to me." Muhammad bin Mas-lama and
his companion said, "What do you want?" Ka'b
replied, "Mortgage your women to me." They
said, "How can we mortgage our women to you
and you are the most handsome of the 'Arabs?"
Ka'b said, "Then mortgage your sons to me."
They said, "How can we mortgage our sons to
you? Later they would be abused by the people's
saying that so-and-so has been mortgaged for a
camel load of food. That would cause us great
disgrace, but we will mortgage our arms to you."
Muhammad bin Maslama and his companion
promised Kab that Muhammad would return to
him. He came to Kab at night along with Kab's
foster brother, Abu Na'ila. Kab invited them to
come into his fort, and then he went down to
them. His wife asked him, "Where are you going
at this time?" Kab replied, "None but
Muhammad bin Maslama and my (foster)
brother Abu Na'ila have come." His wife said, "I
hear a voice as if dropping blood is from him,
Ka'b said. "They are none but my brother
Muhammad bin Maslama and my foster brother
Abu Naila. A generous man should respond to a
call at night even if invited to be killed."
Muhammad bin Maslama went with two men.
(Some narrators mention the men as 'Abu bin
Jabr. Al Harith bin Aus and Abbad bin Bishr).
So Muhammad bin Maslama went in together
with two men, and sail to them, "When Ka'b

comes, I will touch his hair and smell it, and when

you see that I have got hold of his head, strip
him. I will let you smell his head." Kab bin
Al-Ashraf came down to them wrapped in his
clothes, and diffusing perfume. Muhammad bin
Maslama said. " have never smelt a better scent

than this. Ka'b replied. "I have got the best 'Arab

women who know how to use the high class of
perfume." Muhammad bin Maslama requested
Ka'b "Will you allow me to smell your head?"
Ka'b said, "Yes." Muhammad smelt it and made
his companions smell it as well. Then he
requested Ka'b again, "Will you let me (smell
your head)?" Ka'b said, "Yes." When
Muhammad got a strong hold of him, he said (to
his companions), "Get at him!" So they killed him
and went to the Prophet and informed him. (Abu
Rafi) was killed after Ka'b bin Al-Ashraf."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 370:
Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib:
Allah's Apostle sent a group of persons to Abu
Rafi. Abdullah bin Atik entered his house at
night, while he was sleeping, and killed him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 371:
Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib:
Allah's Apostle sent some men from the Ansar to
((kill) Abu Rafi, the Jew, and appointed
'Abdullah bin Atik as their leader. Abu Rafi used
to hurt Allah's Apostle and help his enemies

against him. He lived in his castle in the land of

Hijaz. When those men approached (the castle)
after the sun had set and the people had brought

back their livestock to their homes. Abdullah (bin

Atik) said to his companions, "Sit down at your

places. I am going, and I will try to play a trick

on the gate-keeper so that I may enter (the
castle)." So 'Abdullah proceeded towards the
castle, and when he approached the gate, he
covered himself with his clothes, pretending to
answer the call of nature. The people had gone
in, and the gate-keeper (considered 'Abdullah as
one of the castle's servants) addressing him

saying, "O Allah's Servant! Enter if you wish, for

I want to close the gate." 'Abdullah added in his
story, "So I went in (the castle) and hid myself.
When the people got inside, the gate-keeper
closed the gate and hung the keys on a fixed
wooden peg. I got up and took the keys and
opened the gate. Some people were staying late

at night with Abu Rafi for a pleasant night chat in

a room of his. When his companions of nightly
entertainment went away, I ascended to him, and
whenever I opened a door, I closed it from
inside. I said to myself, 'Should these people
discover my presence, they will not be able to

catch me till I have killed him.' So I reached him

and found him sleeping in a dark house amidst his
family, I could not recognize his location in the
house. So I shouted, 'O Abu Rafi!' Abu Rafi
said, 'Who is it?' I proceeded towards the source
of the voice and hit him with the sword, and

because of my perplexity, I could not kill him. He

cried loudly, and I came out of the house and
waited for a while, and then went to him again
and said, 'What is this voice, O Abu Rafi?' He
said, 'Woe to your mother! A man in my house
has hit me with a sword! I again hit him severely
but I did not kill him. Then I drove the point of
the sword into his belly (and pressed it through)

till it touched his back, and I realized that I have

killed him. I then opened the doors one by one

till I reached the staircase, and thinking that I had

reached the ground, I stepped out and fell down
and got my leg broken in a moonlit night. I tied
my leg with a turban and proceeded on till I sat

at the gate, and said, 'I will not go out tonight till I

know that I have killed him.' So, when (early in
the morning) the cock crowed, the announcer of

the casualty stood on the wall saying, 'I announce

the death of Abu Rafi, the merchant of Hijaz.
Thereupon I went to my companions and said,
'Let us save ourselves, for Allah has killed Abu
Rafi,' So I (along with my companions
proceeded and) went to the Prophet and
described the whole story to him. "He said,

'Stretch out your (broken) leg. I stretched it out

and he rubbed it and it became All right as if I
had never had any ailment whatsoever."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 372:
Narrated Al-Bara:
Allah's Apostle sent 'Abdullah bin 'Atik and
'Abdullah bin 'Utba with a group of men to Abu
Rafi (to kill him). They proceeded till they
approached his castle, whereupon 'Abdullah bin
Atik said to them, "Wait (here), and in the
meantime I will go and see." 'Abdullah said later

on, "I played a trick in order to enter the castle.

By chance, they lost a donkey of theirs and came

out carrying a flaming light to search for it. I was

afraid that they would recognize me, so I
covered my head and legs and pretended to
answer the call to nature. The gatekeeper called,
'Whoever wants to come in, should come in
before I close the gate.' So I went in and hid

myself in a stall of a donkey near the gate of the

castle. They took their supper with Abu Rafi and

had a chat till late at night. Then they went back

to their homes. When the voices vanished and I
no longer detected any movement, I came out. I
had seen where the gate-keeper had kept the

key of the castle in a hole in the wall. I took it

and unlocked the gate of the castle, saying to
myself, 'If these people should notice me, I will
run away easily.' Then I locked all the doors of
their houses from outside while they were inside,
and ascended to Abu Rafi by a staircase. I saw

the house in complete darkness with its light off,

and I could not know where the man was. So I
called, 'O Abu Rafi!' He replied, 'Who is it?' I
proceeded towards the voice and hit him. He
cried loudly but my blow was futile. Then I came
to him, pretending to help him, saying with a
different tone of my voice, ' What is wrong with
you, O Abu Rafi?' He said, 'Are you not
surprised? Woe on your mother! A man has
come to me and hit me with a sword!' So again I
aimed at him and hit him, but the blow proved

futile again, and on that Abu Rafi cried loudly and

his wife got up. I came again and changed my
voice as if I were a helper, and found Abu Rafi
lying straight on his back, so I drove the sword

into his belly and bent on it till I heard the sound

of a bone break. Then I came out, filled with
astonishment and went to the staircase to
descend, but I fell down from it and got my leg
dislocated. I bandaged it and went to my

companions limping. I said (to them), 'Go and tell

Allah's Apostle of this good news, but I will not

leave (this place) till I hear the news of his (i.e.

Abu Rafi's) death.' When dawn broke, an
announcer of death got over the wall and
announced, 'I convey to you the news of Abu
Rafi's death.' I got up and proceeded without
feeling any pain till I caught up with my
companions before they reached the Prophet to
whom I conveyed the good news."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 373:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
On the day of Uhud. the Prophet said, "This is
Gabriel holding the head of his horse and
equipped with war material.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 374:
Narrated Uqba bin Amir:

Allah's Apostle offered the funeral prayers of the

martyrs of Uhud eight years after (their death), as

if bidding farewell to the living and the dead, then

he ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your
predecessor before you, and I am a witness on
you, and your promised place to meet me will be
Al-Haud (i.e. the Tank) (on the Day of
Resurrection), and I am (now) looking at it from
this place of mine. I am not afraid that you will

worship others besides Allah, but I am afraid that

worldly life will tempt you and cause you to

compete with each other for it." That was the last

look which I cast on Allah's Apostle.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 375:
Narrated Al-Bara:
We faced the pagans on that day (of the battle of
Uhud) and the Prophet placed a batch of archers
(at a special place) and appointed 'Abdullah (bin
Jubair) as their commander and said, "Do not
leave this place; and if you should see us
conquering the enemy, do not leave this place,
and if you should see them conquering us, do not
(come to) help us," So, when we faced the
enemy, they took to their heel till I saw their
women running towards the mountain, lifting up
their clothes from their legs, revealing their
leg-bangles. The Muslims started saying, "The
booty, the booty!" 'Abdullah bin Jubair said,
"The Prophet had taken a firm promise from me
not to leave this place." But his companions
refused (to stay). So when they refused (to stay
there), (Allah) confused them so that they could
not know where to go, and they suffered seventy
casualties. Abu Sufyan ascended a high place
and said, "Is Muhammad present amongst the
people?" The Prophet said, "Do not answer him."
Abu Sufyan said, "Is the son of Abu Quhafa
present among the people?" The Prophet said,
"Do not answer him." Abd Sufyan said, "Is the
son of Al-Khattab amongst the people?" He then
added, "All these people have been killed, for,
were they alive, they would have replied." On

that, 'Umar could not help saying, "You are a liar,

O enemy of Allah! Allah has kept what will make
you unhappy." Abu Safyan said, "Superior may
be Hubal!" On that the Prophet said (to his
companions), "Reply to him." They asked, "What
may we say?" He said, "Say: Allah is More
Elevated and More Majestic!" Abu Sufyan said,
"We have (the idol) Al-'Uzza, whereas you have
no 'Uzza!" The Prophet said (to his companions),
"Reply to him." They said, "What may we say?"
The Prophet said, "Say: Allah is our Helper and
you have no helper." Abu Sufyan said, "(This)
day compensates for our loss at Badr and (in)
the battle (the victory) is always undecided and
shared in turns by the belligerents. You will see
some of your dead men mutilated, but neither did

I urge this action, nor am I sorry for it." Narrated

Jabir: Some people took wine in the morning of
the day of Uhud and were then killed as martyrs.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 376:
Narrated Sad bin Ibrahim:
A meal was brought to 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf
while he was fasting. He said, "Musab bin 'Umar
was martyred, and he was better than I, yet he

was shrouded in a Burda (i.e. a sheet) so that, if

his head was covered, his feet became naked,
and if his feet were covered, his head became
naked." 'Abdur-Rahman added, "Hamza was
martyred and he was better than 1. Then worldly
wealth was bestowed upon us and we were
given thereof too much. We are afraid that the
reward of our deeds have been given to us in this
life." 'Abdur-Rahman then started weeping so
much that he left the food.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 377:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
On the day of the battle of Uhud, a man came to
the Prophet and said, "Can you tell me where I
will be if I should get martyred?" The Prophet
replied, "In Paradise." The man threw away
some dates he was carrying in his hand, and
fought till he was martyred .
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 378:
Narrated Khabbab bin Al-Art:
We migrated in the company of Allah's Apostle,
seeking Allah's Pleasure. So our reward became
due and sure with Allah. Some of us have been
dead without enjoying anything of their rewards
(here), and one of them was Mus'ab bin 'Umar
who was martyred on the day of the battle of
Uhud, and did not leave anything except a
Namira (i.e. a sheet in which he was shrouded).
If we covered his head with it, his feet became

naked, and if we covered his feet with it, his head

became naked. So the Prophet said to us,

"Cover his head with it and put some Idhkhir (i.e.

a kind of grass) over his feet or throw Idhkhir
over his feet." But some amongst us have got the
fruits of their labor ripened, and they are
collecting them.
Narrated Anas: His uncle (Anas bin An-Nadr)
was absent from the battle of Badr and he said,

"I was absent from the first battle of the Prophet

(i.e. Badr battle), and if Allah should let me
participate in (a battle) with the Prophet, Allah
will see how strongly I will fight." So he
encountered the day of Uhud battle. The
Muslims fled and he said, "O Allah ! I appeal to
You to excuse me for what these people (i.e. the
Muslims) have done, and I am clear from what
the pagans have done." Then he went forward
with his sword and met Sad bin Mu'adh (fleeing),
and asked him, "Where are you going, O Sad? I
detect a smell of Paradise before Uhud." Then he
proceeded on and was martyred. No-body was

able to recognize him till his sister recognized him

by a mole on his body or by the tips of his
fingers. He had over 80 wounds caused by
stabbing, striking or shooting with arrows.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 379:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
When we wrote the Holy Quran, I missed one of
the Verses of Surat-al-Ahzab which I used to
hear Allah's Apostle reciting. Then we searched
for it and found it with Khuzaima bin Thabit
Al-Ansari. The Verse was:--
'Among the Believers are men Who have been
true to Their Covenant with Allah, Of them,

some have fulfilled Their obligations to Allah (i.e.

they have been Killed in Allah's Cause), And
some of them are (still) waiting" (33.23) So we
wrote this in its place in the Quran.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 380:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
When the Prophet set out for (the battle of)
Uhud, some of those who had gone out with him,
returned. The companions of the Prophet were
divided into two groups. One group said, "We
will fight them (i.e. the enemy)," and the other
group said, "We will not fight them." So there
came the Divine Revelation:-- '(O Muslims!)
Then what is the matter within you that you are
divided. Into two parties about the hypocrites?
Allah has cast them back (to disbelief) Because
of what they have earned.' (4.88) On that, the
Prophet said, "That is Taiba (i.e. the city of
Medina) which clears one from one's sins as the
fire expels the impurities of silver."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 381:
Narrated Jabir:
This Verse: "When two of your parties almost
Decided to fall away..." was revealed in our
connection, i.e. Bani Salama and Bani Haritha
and I would not have liked that, if it was not
revealed, for Allah said:-- But Allah was their
Protector.....(3.122)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 382:
Narrated Jabir:
"Allah's Apostle said to me, "Have you got
married O Jabir?" I replied, "Yes." He asked
"What, a virgin or a matron?" I replied, "Not a
virgin but a matron." He said, "Why did you not
marry a young girl who would have fondled with
you?" I replied, "O Allah's Apostle! My father
was martyred on the day of Uhud and left nine
(orphan) daughters who are my nine sisters; so I
disliked to have another young girl of their age,
but (I sought) an (elderly) woman who could
comb their hair and look after them." The
Prophet said, "You have done the right thing."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 383:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
That his father was martyred on the day of the
battle of Uhud and was in debt and left six
(orphan) daughters. Jabir, added, "When the
season of plucking the dates came, I went to
Allah's Apostle and said, "You know that my
father was martyred on the day of Uhud, and he
was heavily in debt, and I would like that the
creditors should see you." The Prophet said, "Go
and pile every kind of dates apart." I did so and

called him (i.e. the Prophet ). When the creditors

saw him, they started claiming their debts from
me then in such a harsh manner (as they had
never done before). So when he saw their
attitude, he went round the biggest heap of dates
thrice, and then sat over it and said, 'O Jabir),
call your companions (i.e. the creditors).' Then
he kept on measuring (and giving) to the

creditors (their due) till Allah paid all the debt of

my father. I would have been satisfied to retain
nothing of those dates for my sisters after Allah
had paid the debts of my father. But Allah saved

all the heaps (of dates), so that when I looked at

the heap where the Prophet had been sitting, it
seemed as if a single date had not been taken
away thereof."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 384:
Narrated Sad bin Abi Waqqas:
I saw Allah's Apostle on the day of the battle of
Uhud accompanied by two men fighting on his
behalf. They were dressed in white and were
fighting as bravely as possible. I had never seen
them before, nor did I see them later on.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 385:
Narrated Sad bin Abi Waqqas:
The Prophet took out a quiver (of arrows) for
me on the day of Uhud and said, "Throw
(arrows); let my father and mother be sacrificed
for you."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 386:
Narrated Sad:
Allah's Apostle mentioned both his father and
mother for me on the day of the battle of Uhud.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 387:
Narrated Ibn Al Musaiyab:
Sad bin Abi Waqqas said, "Allah's Apostle
mentioned both his father and mother for me on
the day of the battle of Uhud." He meant when
the Prophet said (to Sad) while the latter was
fighting. "Let my father and mother be sacrificed
for you!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 388:
Narrated 'Ali: I have never heard the Prophet
mentioning both his father and mother for
anybody other than Sad.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 389:
Narrated 'Ali: I have never heard the Prophet
mentioning his father and mother for anybody
other than Sad bin Malik. I heard him saying on
the day of Uhud, "O Sad throw (arrows)! Let my
father and mother be sacrificed for you !"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 390:
Narrated Mu'tamir's father:
'Uthman said that on the day of the battle of
Uhud, none remained with the Prophet but Talha
and Sad.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 391:
Narrated As-Saib bin Yazid:
I have been in the company of 'AbdurRahman
bin 'Auf, Talha bin 'Ubaidullah, Al-Miqdad and
Sad, and I heard none of them narrating anything
from the Prophet excepting the fact that I heard
Talha narrating about the day of Uhud (battle) .
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 392:
Narrated Qais:
I saw Talha's paralyzed hand with which he had
protected the Prophet on the day of Uhud.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 393:
Narrated Anas:
When it was the day of Uhud, the people left the
Prophet while Abu Talha was in front of the

Prophet shielding him with his leather shield. Abu

Talha was a skillful archer who used to shoot
violently. He broke two or three arrow bows on

that day. If a man carrying a quiver full of arrows

passed by, the Prophet would say (to him), put
(scatter) its contents for Abu Talha." The
Prophet would raise his head to look at the
enemy, whereupon Abu Talha would say, "Let
my father and mother be sacrificed for you ! Do
not raise your head, lest an arrow of the enemy
should hit you. (Let) my neck (be struck) rather
than your neck." I saw 'Aisha, the daughter of
Abu Bakr, and Um Sulaim rolling up their

dresses so that I saw their leg-bangles while they

were carrying water skins on their backs and
emptying them in the mouths of the (wounded)
people. They would return to refill them and
again empty them in the mouths of the (wounded)
people. The sword fell from Abu Talha's hand
twice or thrice (on that day).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 394:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When it was the day of Uhud, the pagans were
defeated. Then Satan, Allah's Curse be upon
him, cried loudly, "O Allah's Worshippers,

beware of what is behind!" On that, the front files

of the (Muslim) forces turned their backs and
started fighting with the back files. Hudhaifa
looked, and on seeing his father Al-Yaman, he
shouted, "O Allah's Worshippers, my father, my

father!" But by Allah, they did not stop till they

killed him. Hudhaifa said, "May Allah forgive
you." (The sub-narrator, 'Urwa, said, "By Allah,
Hudhaifa continued asking Allah's Forgiveness

for the killers of his father till he departed to Allah

(i.e. died).")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 395:
Narrated 'Uthman bin Mauhab:
A man came to perform the Hajj to (Allah's)
House. Seeing some people sitting, he said,
"Who are these sitting people?" Somebody said,
"They are the people of Quraish." He said, "Who
is the old man?" They said, "Ibn 'Umar." He went
to him and said, "I want to ask you about
something; will you tell me about it? I ask you
with the respect due to the sanctity of this
(Sacred) House, do you know that 'Uthman bin
'Affan fled on the day of Uhud?" Ibn 'Umar said,
"Yes." He said, "Do you know that he (i.e.
'Uthman) was absent from the Badr (battle) and
did not join it?" Ibn 'Umar said, "Yes." He said,
"Do you know that he failed to be present at the
Ridwan Pledge of allegiance (i.e. Pledge of
allegiance at Hudaibiya) and did not witness it?"
Ibn 'Umar replied, "Yes," He then said,
"Allahu-Akbar!" Ibn 'Umar said, "Come along; I
will inform you and explain to you what you have
asked. As for the flight (of 'Uthman) on the day
of Uhud, I testify that Allah forgave him. As
regards his absence from the Badr (battle), he
was married to the daughter of Allah's Apostle
and she was ill, so the Prophet said to him, 'You
will have such reward as a man who has fought
the Badr battle will get, and will also have the
same share of the booty.' As for his absence
from the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance if there had
been anybody more respected by the Meccans
than 'Uthman bin 'Affan, the Prophet would
surely have sent that man instead of 'Uthman. So
the Prophet sent him (i.e. 'Uthman to Mecca)
and the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance took place
after 'Uthman had gone to Mecca. The Prophet

raised his right hand saying. 'This is the hand of

'Uthman,' and clapped it over his other hand and
said, "This is for 'Uthman.'" Ibn 'Umar then said
(to the man), "Go now, after taking this
information."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 396:
Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:
The Prophet appointed Abdullah bin Jubair as
the commander of the cavalry archers on the day
of the battle of Uhud. Then they returned
defeated, and that what is referred to by Allah's
Statement:-- "And the Apostle (Muhammad) in
your rear was calling you." (3.153)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 397:
Narrated Salim's father:
That he heard Allah's Apostle, when raising his
head from bowing of the first Rak'a of the
morning prayer, saying, "O Allah! Curse
so-and-so and so-and-so" after he had said,
"Allah hears him who sends his praises to Him.
Our Lord, all the Praises are for you!" So Allah
revealed:-- "Not for you (O Muhammad!
)......(till the end of Verse) they are indeed
wrong-doers." (3.128) Salim bin 'Abdullah said'
"Allah's Apostle used to invoke evil upon Safwan
bin Umaiya, Suhail bin 'Amr and Al-Harith bin
Hisham. So the Verse was revealed:-- "Not for
you (O Muhammad!)......(till the end of Verse)
For they are indeed wrong-doers." (3.128)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 398:
Narrated Tha'laba bin Abi Malik:
'Umar bin Al-Khattab distributed woolen clothes
amongst some women of Medina, and a nice
woolen garment remained. Some of those who
were sitting with him, said, "O chief of the
believers! Give it to the daughter of Allah's
Apostle who is with you," and by that, they
meant Um Kulthum, the daughter of 'Ali. Umar
said, "Um Salit has got more right than she." Um
Saht was amongst those Ansari women who had

given the pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle .

'Umar added, "She (i.e. Um Salit) used to carry
the filled water skins for us on the day of the
battle of Uhud."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 399:
Narrated Jafar bin 'Amr bin Umaiya:
I went out with 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi Al-Khaiyar.
When we reached Hims (i.e. a town in Syria),
'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi said (to me), "Would you
like to see Wahshi so that we may ask him about
the killing of Hamza?" I replied, "Yes." Wahshi
used to live in Hims. We enquired about him and
somebody said to us, "He is that in the shade of

his palace, as if he were a full water skin." So we

went up to him, and when we were at a short
distance from him, we greeted him and he
greeted us in return. 'Ubaidullah was wearing his
turban and Wahshi could not see except his eyes
and feet. 'Ubaidullah said, "O Wahshi! Do you
know me?" Wahshi looked at him and then said,
"No, by Allah! But I know that 'Adi bin
Al-Khiyar married a woman called Um Qital, the
daughter of Abu Al-Is, and she delivered a boy
for him at Mecca, and I looked for a wet nurse
for that child. (Once) I carried that child along
with his mother and then I handed him over to
her, and your feet resemble that child's feet."
Then 'Ubaidullah uncovered his face and said (to

Wahshi), "Will you tell us (the story of) the killing

of Hamza?" Wahshi replied "Yes, Hamza killed
Tuaima bin 'Adi bin Al-Khaiyar at Badr (battle)
so my master, Jubair bin Mut'im said to me, 'If
you kill Hamza in revenge for my uncle, then you

will be set free." When the people set out (for the

battle of Uhud) in the year of 'Ainain ..'Ainain is a

mountain near the mountain of Uhud, and

between it and Uhud there is a valley.. I went out

with the people for the battle. When the army

aligned for the fight, Siba' came out and said, 'Is

there any (Muslim) to accept my challenge to a
duel?' Hamza bin 'Abdul Muttalib came out and
said, 'O Siba'. O Ibn Um Anmar, the one who
circumcises other ladies! Do you challenge Allah
and His Apostle?' Then Hamza attacked and
killed him, causing him to be non-extant like the
bygone yesterday. I hid myself under a rock, and
when he (i.e. Hamza) came near me, I threw my

spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it

came out through his buttocks, causing him to
die. When all the people returned to Mecca, I
too returned with them. I stayed in (Mecca) till
Islam spread in it (i.e. Mecca). Then I left for
Taif, and when the people (of Taif) sent their

messengers to Allah's Apostle, I was told that the

Prophet did not harm the messengers; So I too

went out with them till I reached Allah's Apostle.

When he saw me, he said, 'Are you Wahshi?' I
said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Was it you who killed
Hamza?' I replied, 'What happened is what you
have been told of.' He said, 'Can you hide your
face from me?' So I went out when Allah's
Apostle died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab
appeared (claiming to be a prophet). I said, 'I
will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him,
and make amends for killing Hamza. So I went
out with the people (to fight Musailamah and his
followers) and then famous events took place

concerning that battle. Suddenly I saw a man (i.e.

Musailamah) standing near a gap in a wall. He
looked like an ash-colored camel and his hair
was dishevelled. So I threw my spear at him,

driving it into his chest in between his breasts till it

passed out through his shoulders, and then an
Ansari man attacked him and struck him on the
head with a sword. 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said, 'A
slave girl on the roof of a house said: Alas! The
chief of the believers (i.e. Musailamah) has been
killed by a black slave."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 400:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle (pointing to his broken canine
tooth) said, "Allah's Wrath has become severe
on the people who harmed His Prophet. Allah's
Wrath has become severe on the man who is
killed by the Apostle of Allah in Allah's Cause."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 401:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas
Allah's Wrath became severe on him whom the
Prophet had killed in Allah's Cause. Allah's
Wrath became severe on the people who caused
the face of Allah's Prophet to bleed.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 402:
Narrated Abu Hazim:
That he heard Sahl bin Sad being asked about
the wounds of Allah's Apostle saying, "By Allah,
I know who washed the wounds of Allah's
Apostle and who poured water (for washing
them), and with what he was treated." Sahl
added, "Fatima, the daughter of Allah's Apostle
used to wash the wounds, and 'Ali bin Abi Talib
used to pour water from a shield. When Fatima
saw that the water aggravated the bleeding, she
took a piece of a mat, burnt it, and inserted its
ashes into the wound so that the blood was
congealed (and bleeding stopped). His canine
tooth got broken on that day, and face was
wounded, and his helmet was broken on his
head."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 403:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Wrath gets severe on a person killed by a
prophet, and Allah's Wrath became severe on
him who had caused the face of Allah's Apostle
to bleed
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 404:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Regarding the Holy Verse: "Those who
responded (To the call) of Allah And the Apostle
(Muhammad), After being wounded, For those
of them Who did good deeds And refrained from
wrong, there is a great reward." (3.172)
She said to 'Urwa, "O my nephew! Your father,
Az-Zubair and Abu Bakr were amongst them

(i.e. those who responded to the call of Allah and

the Apostle on the day (of the battle of Uhud).
When Allah's Apostle, suffered what he suffered
on the day of Uhud and the pagans left, the
Prophet was afraid that they might return. So he

said, 'Who will go on their (i.e. pagans') track?'

He then selected seventy men from amongst
them (for this purpose)." (The sub-narrator
added, "Abu Bakr and Az-Zubair were amongst
them.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 405:
Narrated Qatada:
We do not know of any tribe amongst the 'Arab
tribes who lost more martyrs than Al-Ansar, and
they will have superiority on the Day of
Resurrection. Anas bin Malik told us that seventy
from the Ansar were martyred on the day of
Uhud, and seventy on the day (of the battle of)
Bir Ma'una, and seventy on the day of
Al-Yamama. Anas added, "The battle of Bir
Ma'una took place during the lifetime of Allah's
Apostle and the battle of Al-Yamama, during the
caliphate of Abu Bakr, and it was the day when
Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab was killed."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 406:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah
Allah's Apostle used to shroud two martyrs of
Uhud in one sheet and then say, "Which of them
knew Quran more?" When one of the two was
pointed out, he would put him first in the grave.

Then he said, "I will be a witness for them on the

Day of Resurrection." He ordered them to be

buried with their blood (on their bodies). Neither

was the funeral prayer offered for them, nor were
they washed. Jabir added, "When my father was
martyred, I started weeping and uncovering his
face. The companions of the Prophet stopped
me from doing so but the Prophet did not stop
me. Then the Prophet said, '(O Jabir.) don't
weep over him, for the angels kept on covering
him with their wings till his body was carried
away (for burial)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 407:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "I saw in a dream that I moved
a sword and its blade got broken, and that
symbolized the casualties which the believers
suffered on the day of Uhud. Then I moved it
again, and it became as perfect as it had been,
and that symbolized the Conquest (of Mecca)
which Allah helped us to achieve, and the union
of all the believers. I (also) saw cows in the
dream, and what Allah does is always beneficial.
Those cows appeared to symbolize the faithful
believers (who were martyred) on the day of
Uhud."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 408:
Narrated Khabbab:
We migrated with the Prophet for Allah's Cause,
so our reward became due with Allah. Some of
us passed away (i.e. died) without enjoying
anything from their reward, and one of them was
Mus'ab bin 'Umar who was killed (i.e. martyred)
on the day of Uhud. He did not leave behind
except a sheet of striped woolen cloth. If we
covered his head with it, his feet became naked,
and if we covered his feet with it, his head
became naked. The Prophet said to us, "Cover
his head with it and put Idhkhir (i.e. a kind of
grass) over his feet," or said, "Put some Idhkhir

over his feet." But some of us have got their fruits

ripened, and they are collecting them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 409:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "This is a mountain that loves
us and is loved by us."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 410:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
When the mountain of Uhud appeared before
Allah's Apostle he said, "This IS a mountain that
loves us and is loved by us. O, Allah! Abraham
made Mecca a Sanctuary, and I have made
Medina (i.e. the area between its two mountains)
a Sanctuary as well."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 411:
Narrated Uqba:
One day the Prophet went out and offered the
(funeral) prayer for the people (i.e. martyrs) of
Uhud as he used to offer a funeral prayer for any
dead person, and then (after returning) he
ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your
predecessor before you, and I am a witness
upon you, and I am looking at my Tank just now,
and I have been given the keys of the treasures

of the world (or the keys of the world). By Allah,

I am not afraid that you will worship others
besides Allah after me, but I am afraid that you
will compete with each other for (the pleasures
of) this world."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 412:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet sent a Sariya of spies and appointed
'Asim bin Thabit, the grandfather of 'Asim bin
'Umar bin Al-Khattab, as their leader. So they
set out, and when they reached (a place)
between 'Usfan and Mecca, they were
mentioned to one of the branch tribes of Bani
Hudhail called Lihyan. So, about one-hundred
archers followed their traces till they (i.e. the
archers) came to a journey station where they
(i.e. 'Asim and his companions) had encamped
and found stones of dates they had brought as
journey food from Medina.
The archers said, "These are the dates of
Medina," and followed their traces till they took
them over. When 'Asim and his companions
were not able to go ahead, they went up a high

place, and their pursuers encircled them and said,

"You have a covenant and a promise that if you
come down to us, we will not kill anyone of you."
'Asim said, "As for me, I will never come down
on the security of an infidel. O Allah! Inform
Your Prophet about us." So they fought with

them till they killed 'Asim along with seven of his

companions with arrows, and there remained
Khubaib, Zaid and another man to whom they
gave a promise and a covenant. So when the
infidels gave them the covenant and promise,
they came down. When they captured them, they
opened the strings of their arrow bows and tied
them with it. The third man who was with them
said, "This is the first breach in the covenant,"
and refused to accompany them. They dragged
him and tried to make him accompany them, but
he refused, and they killed him. Then they
proceeded on taking Khubaib and Zaid till they
sold them in Mecca. The sons of Al-Harith bin
'Amr bin Naufal bought Khubaib. It was
Khubaib who had killed Al-Harith bin 'Amr on
the day of Badr. Khubaib stayed with them for a
while as a captive till they decided unanimously
to kill him. (At that time) Khubaib borrowed a
razor from one of the daughters of Al-Harith to

shave his pubic hair. She gave it to him. She said

later on, "I was heedless of a little baby of mine,

who moved towards Khubaib, and when it
reached him, he put it on his thigh.
When I saw it, I got scared so much that
Khubaib noticed my distress while he was
carrying the razor in his hand. He said 'Are you

afraid that I will kill it? Allah willing, I will never

do that,' " Later on she used to say, "I have never

seen a captive better than Khubaib Once I saw
him eating from a bunch of grapes although at
that time no fruits were available at Mecca, and
he was fettered with iron chains, and in fact, it
was nothing but food bestowed upon him by
Allah." So they took him out of the Sanctuary (of
Mecca) to kill him. He said, "Allow me to offer a
two-Rak'at prayer." Then he went to them and
said, "Had I not been afraid that you would think
I was afraid of death, I would have prayed for a
longer time." So it was Khubaib who first set the
tradition of praying two Rakat before being
executed. He then said, "O Allah! Count them
one by one," and added, 'When I am being
martyred as a Muslim, I do not care in what way
I receive my death for Allah's Sake, because this
death is in Allah's Cause. If He wishes, He will
bless the cut limbs." Then 'Uqba bin Al-Harith
got up and martyred him. The narrator added:
The Quraish (infidels) sent some people to 'Asim
in order to bring a part of his body so that his
death might be known for certain, for 'Asim had

killed one of their chiefs on the day of Badr. But

Allah sent a cloud of wasps which protected his
body from their messengers who could not harm
his body consequently.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 413:
Narrated Jabir:
The person who killed Khubaib was Abu Sarua
(i.e. 'Uqba bin Al-Harith).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 414:
Narrated 'Abdul Aziz:
Anas said, "The Prophet sent seventy men, called
Al-Qurra 'for some purpose. The two groups of
Bani Sulaim called Ri'l and Dhakwan, appeared
to them near a well called Bir Ma'una. The
people (i.e. Al-Qurra) said, 'By Allah, we have
not come to harm you, but we are passing by
you on our way to do something for the Prophet.'
But (the infidels) killed them. The Prophet
therefore invoked evil upon them for a month
during the morning prayer. That was the
beginning of Al Qunut and we used not to say
Qunut before that." A man asked Anas about
Al-Qunut, "Is it to be said after the Bowing (in

the prayer) or after finishing the Recitation (i.e.

before Bowing)?" Anas replied, "No, but (it is to
be said) after finishing the Recitation."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 415:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle said Al-Qunut for one month
after the posture of Bowing, invoking evil upon
some 'Arab tribes.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 416:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
(The tribes of) Ril, Dhakwan, 'Usaiya and Bani
Lihyan asked Allah's Apostle to provide them
with some men to support them against their
enemy. He therefore provided them with seventy
men from the Ansar whom we used to call
Al-Qurra' in their lifetime. They used to collect
wood by daytime and pray at night. When they
were at the well of Ma'una, the infidels killed
them by betraying them. When this news reached
the Prophet , he said Al-Qunut for one month In
the morning prayer, invoking evil upon some of
the 'Arab tribes, upon Ril, Dhakwan, 'Usaiya and
Bani Libyan. We used to read a verse of the

Qur'an revealed in their connection, but later the

verse was cancelled. It was: "convey to our
people on our behalf the information that we
have met our Lord, and He is pleased with us,
and has made us pleased." (Anas bin Malik
added:) Allah's Prophet said Qunut for one
month in the morning prayer, invoking evil upon
some of the 'Arab tribes (namely), Ril, Dhakwan,
Usaiya, and Bani Libyan. (Anas added:) Those
seventy Ansari men were killed at the well of
Mauna.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 417:
Narrated Anas:
That the Prophet sent his uncle, the brother of
Um Sulaim at the head of seventy riders. The
chief of the pagans, 'Amir bin At-Tufail proposed
three suggestions (to the Prophet ) saying,
"Choose one of three alternatives: (1) that the
bedouins will be under your command and the
townspeople will be under my command; (2) or
that I will be your successor, (3) or otherwise I
will attack you with two thousand from Bani
Ghatafan." But 'Amir was infected with plague in
the House of Um so-and-so. He said, "Shall I
stay in the house of a lady from the family of

so-and-so after having a (swelled) gland like that

she-camel? Get me my horse." So he died on the
back of his horse. Then Haram, the brother of
Um Sulaim and a lame man along with another
man from so-and-so (tribe) went towards the
pagans (i.e. the tribe of 'Amir). Haram said (to
his companions), "Stay near to me, for I will go
to them. If they (i.e. infidels) should give me
protection, you will be near to me, and if they
should kill me, then you should go back to your
companions. Then Haram went to them and said,
"Will you give me protection so as to convey the
message of Allah's Apostle ?" So, he started

talking to them' but they signalled to a man (to kill

him) and he went behind him and stabbed him
(with a spear). He (i.e. Haram) said, "Allahu
Akbar! I have succeeded, by the Lord of the
Ka'ba!" The companion of Haram was pursued
by the infidels, and then they (i.e. Haram's
companions) were all killed except the lame man
who was at the top of a mountain. Then Allah
revealed to us a verse that was among the
cancelled ones later on. It was: 'We have met our
Lord and He is pleased with us and has made us
pleased.' (After this event) the Prophet invoked

evil on the infidels every morning for 30 days. He

invoked evil upon the (tribes of) Ril, Dhakwan,
Bani Lihyan and Usaiya who disobeyed Allah
and His Apostle
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 418:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
That when Haram bin Milhan, his uncle was
stabbed on the day of Bir Ma'una he sprinkled
his blood over his face and his head this way and
then said, "I have succeeded, by the Lord of the
Ka'ba.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 419:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Abu Bakr asked the Prophet to allow him to go
out (of Mecca) when he was greatly annoyed (by

the infidels). But the Prophet said to him, ''Wait."

Abu Bakr said, O Allah's Apostle! Do you hope
that you will be allowed (to migrate)?" Allah's
Apostle replied, "I hope so." So Abu Bakr
waited for him till one day Allah's Apostle came
at noon time and addressed him saying "Let
whoever is present with you, now leave you."
Abu Bakr said, "None is present but my two
daughters." The Prophet said, "Have you noticed
that I have been allowed to go out (to migrate)?"
Abu Bakr said, "O Allah's Apostle, I would like
to accompany you." The Prophet said, "You will
accompany me." Abu Bakr said, "O Allah's
Apostle! I have got two she-camels which I had
prepared and kept ready for (our) going out." So
he gave one of the two (she-camels) to the
Prophet and it was Al-Jad'a . They both rode
and proceeded till they reached the Cave at the
mountain of Thaur where they hid themselves.
Amir bin Fuhaira was the slave of 'Abdullah bin
Al-Tufail bin Sakhbara 'Aisha's brother from her
mother's side. Abu Bakr had a milch she-camel.

Amir used to go with it (i.e. the milch she-camel)

in the afternoon and come back to them before
noon by setting out towards them in the early
morning when it was still dark and then he would
take it to the pasture so that none of the
shepherds would be aware of his job. When the
Prophet (and Abu Bakr) went away (from the
Cave), he (i.e. 'Amir) too went along with them
and they both used to make him ride at the back

of their camels in turns till they reached Medina.

'Amir bin Fuhaira was martyred on the day of Bir
Ma'una.
Narrated 'Urwa: When those (Muslims) at Bir
Ma'una were martyred and 'Amr bin Umaiya
Ad-Damri was taken prisoner, 'Amir bin

At-Tufail, pointing at a killed person, asked Amr,

"Who is this?" 'Amr bin Umaiya said to him, "He

is 'Amir bin Fuhaira." 'Amir bin At-Tufail said, "I

saw him lifted to the sky after he was killed till I

saw the sky between him and the earth, and then
he was brought down upon the earth. Then the
news of the killed Muslims reached the Prophet
and he announced the news of their death saying,
"Your companions (of Bir Ma'una) have been
killed, and they have asked their Lord saying, 'O
our Lord! Inform our brothers about us as we
are pleased with You and You are pleased with
us." So Allah informed them (i.e. the Prophet and
his companions) about them (i.e. martyrs of Bir
Mauna).
On that day, 'Urwa bin Asma bin As-Salt who
was one of them, was killed, and Urwa (bin
Az-Zubair) was named after 'Urwa bin Asma
and Mundhir (bin AzZubair) was named after
Mundhir bin 'Amr (who had also been martyred
on that day).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 420:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said Al-Qunut after Bowing (i.e.
Ar-Ruku') for one month, invoking evil upon (the
tribes of) Ril and Dhakwan. He used to say,
"Usaiya disobeyed Allah and His Apostle."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 421:
Narrated Anas bin Malik :
The Prophet invoked evil upon those (people)
who killed his companions at Bir Mauna for 30
days (in the morning prayer). He invoked evil
upon (tribes of) Ril, Lihyan and Usaiya who
disobeyed Allah and His Apostle. Allah revealed
a Quranic Verse to His Prophet regarding those

who had been killed, i.e. the Muslims killed at Bir

Ma'una, and we recited the Verse till later it was

cancelled. (The Verse was:) 'Inform our people
that we have met our Lord, and He is pleased
with us, and we are pleased with Him."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 422:
Narrated Asim Al-Ahwal:
I asked Anas bin Malik regarding Al-Qunut
during the prayer. Anas replied, "Yes (Al-Qunut
was said by the Prophet in the prayer)." I said,
"Is it before Bowing or after Bowing?" Anas
replied, "(It was said) before (Bowing)." I said,
"So-and-so informed me that you told him that it
was said after Bowing." Anas replied, "He was
mistaken, for Allah's Apostle said Al-Qunut after
Bowing for one month. The Prophet had sent
some people called Al-Qurra who were seventy
in number, to some pagan people who had
concluded a peace treaty with Allah's Apostle .
But those who had concluded the treaty with
Allah's Apostle violated the treaty (and martyred
all the seventy men). So Allah's Apostle said
Al-Qunut after Bowing (in the prayer) for one
month, invoking evil upon them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 423:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
That the Prophet inspected him on the day of
Uhud while he was fourteen years old, and the
Prophet did not allow him to take part in the
battle. He was inspected again by the Prophet on
the day of Al-Khandaq (i.e. battle of the Trench)
while he was fifteen years old, and the Prophet
allowed him to take Part in the battle.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 424:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
We were with Allah's Apostle in the Trench, and
some were digging the trench while we were
carrying the earth on our shoulders. Allah's

Apostle said, 'O Allah! There is no life except the

life of the Hereafter, so please forgive the
Emigrants and the Ansar."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 425:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle went out towards the Khandaq
(i.e. Trench) and saw the Emigrants and the
Ansar digging the trench in the cold morning.
They had no slaves to do that (work) for them.
When the Prophet saw their hardship and

hunger, he said, 'O Allah! The real life is the life

of the Hereafter, so please forgive Ansar and the
Emigrants." They said in reply to him, "We are
those who have given the Pledge of allegiances to
Muhammad for to observe Jihad as long as we
live."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 426:
Narrated Anas:
Al-Muhajirun (i.e. the Emigrants) and the Ansar
were digging the trench around Medina and were
carrying the earth on their backs while saying,
"We are those who have given the pledge of
allegiance to Muhammad for Islam as long as we

live." The Prophet said in reply to their saying, "O

Allah! There is no goodness except the goodness
of the Hereafter; so please grant Your Blessing
to the Ansar and the Emigrants." The people
used to bring a handful of barley, and a meal
used to be prepared thereof by cooking it with a

cooking material (i.e. oil, fat and butter having a

change in color and smell) and it used to be
presented to the people (i.e. workers) who were
hungry, and it used to stick to their throats and
had a nasty smell.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 427:
Narrated Jabir:
We were digging (the trench) on the day of
(Al-Khandaq ( i.e. Trench )) and we came
across a big solid rock. We went to the Prophet
and said, "Here is a rock appearing across the
trench." He said, "I am coming down." Then he
got up, and a stone was tied to his belly for we
had not eaten anything for three days. So the
Prophet took the spade and struck the big solid
rock and it became like sand. I said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Allow me to go home." (When the
Prophet allowed me) I said to my wife, "I saw

the Prophet in a state that I cannot treat lightly.

Have you got something (for him to eat?" She
replied, "I have barley and a she goat." So I
slaughtered the she-kid and she ground the
barley; then we put the meat in the earthenware
cooking pot. Then I came to the Prophet when
the dough had become soft and fermented and
(the meat in) the pot over the stone trivet had
nearly been well-cooked, and said, "I have got a

little food prepared, so get up O Allah's Apostle,

you and one or two men along with you (for the
food)." The Prophet asked, "How much is that
food?" I told him about it. He said, "It is
abundant and good. Tell your wife not to remove
the earthenware pot from the fire and not to take
out any bread from the oven till I reach there."
Then he said (to all his companions), "Get up."
So the Muhajirn (i.e. Emigrants) and the Ansar
got up. When I came to my wife, I said, "Allah's
Mercy be upon you! The Prophet came along
with the Muhajirin and the Ansar and those who
were present with them." She said, "Did the
Prophet ask you (how much food you had)?" I
replied, "Yes." Then the Prophet said, "Enter and
do not throng." The Prophet started cutting the
bread (into pieces) and put the cooked meat
over it. He covered the earthenware pot and the
oven whenever he took something out of them.
He would give the food to his companions and
take the meat out of the pot. He went on cutting
the bread and scooping the meat (for his

companions) till they all ate their fill, and even

then, some food remained. Then the Prophet said
(to my wife), "Eat and present to others as the
people are struck with hunger."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 428:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
When the Trench was dug, I saw the Prophet in
the state of severe hunger. So I returned to my
wife and said, "Have you got anything (to eat),
for I have seen Allah's Apostle in a state of
severe hunger." She brought out for me, a bag
containing one Sa of barley, and we had a
domestic she animal (i.e. a kid) which I
slaughtered then, and my wife ground the barley

and she finished at the time I finished my job (i.e.

slaughtering the kid). Then I cut the meat into
pieces and put it in an earthenware (cooking)
pot, and returned to Allah's Apostle . My wife
said, "Do not disgrace me in front of Allah's
Apostle and those who are with him." So I went
to him and said to him secretly, "O Allah's
Apostle! I have slaughtered a she-animal (i.e.
kid) of ours, and we have ground a Sa of barley
which was with us. So please come, you and
another person along with you." The Prophet
raised his voice and said, "O people of Trench !
Jabir has prepared a meal so let us go." Allah's
Apostle said to me, "Don't put down your
earthenware meat pot (from the fireplace) or
bake your dough till I come." So I came (to my
house) and Allah's Apostle too, came,
proceeding before the people. When I came to
my wife, she said, "May Allah do so-and-so to

you." I said, "I have told the Prophet of what you

said." Then she brought out to him (i.e. the
Prophet the dough, and he spat in it and invoked
for Allah's Blessings in it. Then he proceeded
towards our earthenware meat-pot and spat in it
and invoked for Allah's Blessings in it. Then he
said (to my wife). Call a lady-baker to bake
along with you and keep on taking out scoops
from your earthenware meat-pot, and do not put
it down from its fireplace." They were
one-thousand (who took their meals), and by

Allah they all ate, and when they left the food and

went away, our earthenware pot was still

bubbling (full of meat) as if it had not decreased,

and our dough was still being baked as if nothing
had been taken from it.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 429:
Narrated 'Aisha:
As regards the following Quranic Verse:--
"When they came on you from above and from
below you (from east and west of the valley) and
when the eyes grew wild and the hearts reached
up to the throats....." (33.10) That happened on
the day of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 430:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The Prophet was carrying earth on the day of
Al-Khandaq till his abdomen was fully covered
with dust, and he was saying, "By Allah, without
Allah we would not have been guided, neither
would we have given in charity, nor would we
have prayed. So (O Allah), please send Sakina

(i.e. calmness) upon us, and make our feet firm if

we meet the enemy as the enemy have rebelled

against us, and if they intended affliction, (i.e.

want to frighten us and fight against us then we
would not flee but withstand them)." The Prophet
used to raise his voice saying, "Abaina! Abaina!
(i.e. would not, we would not)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 431:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, "I have been made victorious
by As-Saba (i.e. an easterly wind) and the Ad
nation was destroyed by Ad-Dabur (i.e. a
westerly wind)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 432:
Narrated Al-Bara:
When it was the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. the clans)
and Allah's Apostle dug the trench, I saw him

carrying earth out of the trench till dust made the

skin of his abdomen out of my sight and he was a
hairy man. I heard him reciting the poetic verses
composed by Ibn Rawaha while he was carrying
the earth, "O Allah! Without You we would not
have been guided, nor would we have given in
charity, nor would we have prayed. So, (O
Allah), please send Sakina (i.e. calmness) upon
us and make our feet firm if we meet the enemy,
as they have rebelled against us. And if they

intend affliction (i.e. want to frighten us, and fight

against us) then we would not (flee but withstand
them)." The Prophet would then prolong his
voice at the last words.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 433:
Narrated Ibn Umar:

The first day (i.e. Ghazwa) I participated in, was

the day of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 434:
Narrated Ikrima bin Khalid:
Ibn 'Umar said, "I went to Hafsa while water was
dribbling from her twined braids. I said, 'The
condition of the people is as you see, and no
authority has been given to me.' Hafsa said, (to
me), 'Go to them, and as they (i.e. the people)
are waiting for you, and I am afraid your absence
from them will produce division amongst them.' "
So Hafsa did not leave Ibn 'Umar till we went to
them. When the people differed. Muawiya
addressed the people saying, "'If anybody wants

to say anything in this matter of the Caliphate, he

should show up and not conceal himself, for we
are more rightful to be a Caliph than he and his
father." On that, Habib bin Masalama said (to
Ibn 'Umar), "Why don't you reply to him (i.e.
Muawiya)?" 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said, "I untied
my garment that was going round my back and

legs while I was sitting and was about to say, 'He

who fought against you and against your father
for the sake of Islam, is more rightful to be a
Caliph,' but I was afraid that my statement might
produce differences amongst the people and
cause bloodshed, and my statement might be
interpreted not as I intended. (So I kept quiet)
remembering what Allah has prepared in the
Gardens of Paradise (for those who are patient
and prefer the Hereafter to this worldly life)."
Habib said, "You did what kept you safe and
secure (i.e. you were wise in doing so)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 435:
Narrated Sulaiman bin Surd:
On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. clans) the Prophet
said, (After this battle) we will go to attack
them(i.e. the infidels) and they will not come to
attack us."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 436:
Narrated Sulaiman bin Surd:
When the clans were driven away, I heard the
Prophet saying, "From now onwards we will go

to attack them (i.e. the infidels) and they will not

come to attack us, but we will go to them."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 437:
Narrated 'Ali:
On the day of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench), the
Prophet said '(Let) Allah fill their (i.e. the

infidels') houses and graves with fire just as they

have prevented us from offering the Middle
Prayer (i.e. 'Asr prayer) till the sun had set."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 438:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Umar bin Al-Khattab came on the day of
Al-Khandaq after the sun had set and he was

abusing the infidels of Quraish saying, "O Allah's

Apostle! I was unable to offer the ('Asr) prayer
till the sun was about to set." The Prophet said,
"By Allah, I have not offered this (i.e. 'Asr)
prayer." So we came down along with the
Prophet to Buthan where he performed ablution
for the prayer and then we performed the
ablution for it. Then he offered the 'Asr prayer

after the sun had set, and after it he offered the

Maghrib prayer.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 439:
Narrated Jabir:
On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. clans), Allah's
Apostle said, 'Who will bring us the news of the
people (i.e. the clans of Quraish infidels)?"
Az-Zubair said, "I." The Prophet again said,
"Who will bring us the news of the people?"
AzZubair said, "I." The Prophet again said, "Who
will bring us the news of the people?" Az-Zubair
said, "I." The Prophet then said, "Every prophet
has his Hawari (i.e. disciple-special helper); my
disciple is Az-Zubair.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 440:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle used to say, "None has the right
to be worshipped except Allah Alone (Who)
honored His Warriors and made His Slave
victorious, and He (Alone) defeated the (infidel)
clans; so there is nothing after Him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 441:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi 'Aufa:
Allah's Apostle invoked evil upon the clans
saying, "Allah, the Revealer of the Holy Book
(i.e. the Quran), the Quick Taker of the
accounts! Please defeat the clans. O Allah!
Defeat them and shake them."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 442:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
Whenever Allah's Apostle returned from a
Ghazwa, Hajj or 'Umra, he used to start (saying),
"Allahu-Akbar," thrice and then he would say,
"None has the right to be worshipped except
Allah alone Who has no partners. To Him
belongs the Kingdom, all praises are for Him,

and He is able to do all things (i.e. Omnipotent).

We are returning with repentance (to Allah)
worshipping, prostrating, and praising our Lord.
Allah has fulfilled His Promise, made His Slave
victorious, and He (Alone) defeated the clans (of
infidels) ."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 443:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When the Prophet returned from Al-Khandaq
(i.e. Trench) and laid down his arms and took a
bath, Gabriel came and said (to the Prophet ),
You have laid down your arms? By Allah, we
angels have not laid them down yet. So set out
for them." The Prophet said, "Where to go?"
Gabriel said, "Towards this side," pointing
towards Banu Quraiza. So the Prophet went out
towards them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 444:
Narrated Anas:
As if I am just now looking at the dust rising in
the street of Banu Ghanm (in Medina) because of
the marching of Gabriel's regiment when Allah's
Apostle set out to Banu Quraiza (to attack
them).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 445:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. Clans) the Prophet
said, "None of you Muslims) should offer the
'Asr prayer but at Banu Quraiza's place." The
'Asr prayer became due for some of them on the

way. Some of those said, "We will not offer it till

we reach it, the place of Banu Quraiza," while
some others said, "No, we will pray at this spot,
for the Prophet did not mean that for us." Later
on It was mentioned to the Prophet and he did
not berate any of the two groups.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 446:
Narrated Anas:
Some (of the Ansar) used to present date palm
trees to the Prophet till Banu Quraiza and Banu
An-Nadir were conquered (then he returned to
the people their date palms). My people ordered
me to ask the Prophet to return some or all the
date palms they had given to him, but the
Prophet had given those trees to Um Aiman. On
that, Um Aiman came and put the garment
around my neck and said, "No, by Him except
Whom none has the right to be worshipped, he

will not return those trees to you as he (i.e. the

Prophet ) has given them to me." The Prophet go

said (to her), "Return those trees and I will give

you so much (instead of them)." But she kept on

refusing, saying, "No, by Allah," till he gave her

ten times the number of her date palms.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 447:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The people of (Banu) Quraiza agreed to accept
the verdict of Sad bin Mu'adh. So the Prophet
sent for Sad, and the latter came (riding) a
donkey and when he approached the Mosque,
the Prophet said to the Ansar, "Get up for your
chief or for the best among you." Then the
Prophet said (to Sad)." These (i.e. Banu
Quraiza) have agreed to accept your verdict."

Sad said, "Kill their (men) warriors and take their

offspring as captives, "On that the Prophet said,
"You have judged according to Allah's
Judgment," or said, "according to the King's
judgment."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 448:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Sad was wounded on the day of Khandaq (i.e.
Trench) when a man from Quraish, called
Hibban bin Al-'Araqa hit him (with an arrow).
The man was Hibban bin Qais from (the tribe of)
Bani Mais bin 'Amir bin Lu'ai who shot an arrow
at Sad's medial arm vein (or main artery of the
arm). The Prophet pitched a tent (for Sad) in the
Mosque so that he might be near to the Prophet
to visit. When the Prophet returned from the
(battle) of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench) and laid
down his arms and took a bath Gabriel came to
him while he (i.e. Gabriel) was shaking the dust
off his head, and said, "You have laid down the
arms?" By Allah, I have not laid them down. Go
out to them (to attack them)." The Prophet said,
"Where?" Gabriel pointed towards Bani Quraiza.
So Allah's Apostle went to them (i.e. Banu
Quraiza) (i.e. besieged them). They then
surrendered to the Prophet's judgment but he
directed them to Sad to give his verdict
concerning them. Sad said, "I give my judgment
that their warriors should be killed, their women
and children should be taken as captives, and
their properties distributed."
Narrated Hisham: My father informed me that
'Aisha said, "Sad said, "O Allah! You know that
there is nothing more beloved to me than to fight
in Your Cause against those who disbelieved
Your Apostle and turned him out (of Mecca). O
Allah! I think you have put to an end the fight
between us and them (i.e. Quraish infidels). And
if there still remains any fight with the Quraish

(infidels), then keep me alive till I fight against

them for Your Sake. But if you have brought the
war to an end, then let this wound burst and
cause my death thereby.' So blood gushed from
the wound. There was a tent in the Mosque
belonging to Banu Ghifar who were surprised by
the blood flowing towards them . They said, 'O
people of the tent! What is this thing which is
coming to us from your side?' Behold! Blood
was flowing profusely out of Sad's wound. Sad
then died because of that."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 449:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The Prophet said to Hassan, "Abuse them (with
your poems), and Gabriel is with you (i.e,
supports you)." (Through another group of sub
narrators) Al-Bara bin Azib said, "On the day of
Quraiza's (besiege), Allah's Apostle said to
Hassan bin Thabit, 'Abuse them (with your
poems), and Gabriel is with you (i.e. supports
you).' "
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 450:
Narrated Abu Burda:
Abu Musa said, "We went out in the company of
the Prophet for a Ghazwa and we were six
persons having one camel which we rode in
rotation. So, (due to excessive walking) our feet
became thin and my feet became thin and my nail
dropped, and we used to wrap our feet with the
pieces of cloth, and for this reason, the Ghazwa
was named Dhat-ur-Riqa as we wrapped our
feet with rags." When Abu- Musa narrated this

(Hadith), he felt regretful to do so and said, as if

he disliked to have disclosed a good deed of his.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 451:
Narrated Salih bin Khawwat:
Concerning those who witnessed the Fear Prayer
that was performed in the battle of Dhat-ur-Riqa'
in the company of Allah's Apostle; One batch
lined up behind him while another batch (lined
up) facing the enemy. The Prophet led the batch
that was with him in one Rak'a, and he stayed in
the standing posture while that batch completed
their (two Rakat) prayer by themselves and went
away, lining in the face of the enemy, while the
other batch came and he (i.e. the Prophet)
offered his remaining Rak'a with them, and then,

kept on sitting till they completed their prayer by

themselves, and he then finished his prayer with
Taslim along with them.
Narrated Ibn Az-Zubair: Jabir said, "We were
with the Prophet at Nakhl," and then he
mentioned the Fear prayer.
Narrated Al-Qasim bin Muhammad: The
Prophet offered the Fear prayer in the Ghazwa
of Banu Anmar.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 452:
Narrated Sahl bin Abi Hathma:
(describing the Fear prayer): The Imam stands
up facing the Qibla and one batch of them (i.e.
the army) (out of the two) prays along with him
and the other batch faces the enemy. The Imam
offers one Rak'a with the first batch they
themselves stand up alone and offer one bowing

and two prostrations while they are still in their

place, and then go away to relieve the second
batch, and the second batch comes (and takes
the place of the first batch in the prayer behind
the Imam) and he offers the second Rak'a with
them. So he completes his two-Rak'at and then
the second batch bows and prostrates two
prostrations (i.e. complete their second Rak'a
and thus all complete their prayer)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 453:
Narrated Salih bin Hathma:
The Prophet said as above (Hadith 452).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 454:
Narrated Salih bin Khawwat:
Sahl said as above (Hadith 452).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 455:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
I took part in a Ghazwa towards Najd along with
Allah's Apostle and we clashed with the enemy,
and we lined up for them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 456:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle led the Fear-prayer with one of
the two batches of the army while the other
(batch) faced the enemy. Then the first batch
went away and took places of their companions
(i.e. second batch) and the second batch came
and he led his second Rak'a with them. Then he

(i.e. the Prophet: finished his prayer with Taslim

and then each of the two batches got up and
completed their remaining one Rak'a.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 457:
Narrated Sinan and Abu Salama:
Jabir mentioned that he had participated in a
Ghazwa towards Najd in the company of Allah's
Apostle .
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 458:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
That he fought in a Ghazwa towards Najd along
with Allah's Apostle and when Allah's Apostle
returned, he too, returned along with him. The
time of the afternoon nap overtook them when

they were in a valley full of thorny trees. Allah's

Apostle dismounted and the people dispersed
amongst the thorny trees, seeking the shade of
the trees. Allah's Apostle took shelter under a
Samura tree and hung his sword on it. We slept
for a while when Allah's Apostle suddenly called
us, and we went to him, to find a bedouin sitting
with him. Allah's Apostle said, "This (bedouin)
took my sword out of its sheath while I was
asleep. When I woke up, the naked sword was
in his hand and he said to me, 'Who can save you
from me?, I replied, 'Allah.' Now here he is
sitting." Allah's Apostle did not punish him (for
that).
Through another group of narrators, Jabir said,
"We were in the company of the Prophet (during
the battle of) Dhat-ur-Riqa', and we came across
a shady tree and we left it for the Prophet (to
take rest under its shade). A man from the
pagans came while the Prophet's sword was
hanging on the tree. He took it out of its sheath
secretly and said (to the Prophet ), 'Are you
afraid of me?' The Prophet said, 'No.' He said,
'Who can save you from me?' The Prophet said,
Allah.' The companions of the Prophet
threatened him, then the Iqama for the prayer
was announced and the Prophet offered a two
Rakat Fear prayer with one of the two batches,
and that batch went aside and he offered two
Rak'a-t with the other batch. So the Prophet
offered four Rakat but the people offered two
Rakat only." (The sub-narrator) Abu Bishr
added, "The man was Ghaurath bin Al-Harith
and the battle was waged against Muharib
Khasafa." Jabir added, "We were with the
Prophet at Nakhl and he offered the Fear
prayer." Abu Huraira said, "I offered the Fear
prayer with the Prophet during the Ghazwa (i.e.
the battle) of Najd." Abu Huraira came to the
Prophet during the day of Khaibar.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 459:
Narrated Ibn Muhairiz:
I entered the Mosque and saw Abu Said
Al-Khudri and sat beside him and asked him
about Al-Azl (i.e. coitus interruptus). Abu Said
said, "We went out with Allah's Apostle for the
Ghazwa of Banu Al-Mustaliq and we received
captives from among the Arab captives and we
desired women and celibacy became hard on us
and we loved to do coitus interruptus. So when
we intended to do coitus interrupt us, we said,
'How can we do coitus interruptus before asking
Allah's Apostle who is present among us?" We

asked (him) about it and he said, 'It is better for

you not to do so, for if any soul (till the Day of

Resurrection) is predestined to exist, it will exist."

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 460:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
We took part in the Ghazwa of Najd along with
Allah's Apostle and when the time for the
afternoon rest approached while he was in a
valley with plenty of thorny trees, he dismounted
under a tree and rested in its shade and hung his
sword (on it). The people dispersed amongst the
trees in order to have shade. While we were in
this state, Allah's Apostle called us and we came
and found a bedouin sitting in front of him. The
Prophet said, "This (Bedouin) came to me while I
was asleep, and he took my sword stealthily. I
woke up while he was standing by my head,
holding my sword without its sheath. He said,
'Who will save you from me?' I replied, 'Allah.'
So he sheathed it (i.e. the sword) and sat down,
and here he is." But Allah's Apostle did not
punish him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 461:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Ansari:
I saw the Prophet offering his Nawafil prayer on
his Mount facing the East during the Ghazwa of
Anmar.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 462:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Whenever Allah's Apostle intended to go on a
journey, he used to draw lots amongst his wives,
and Allah's Apostle used to take with him the
one on whom lot fell. He drew lots amongst us
during one of the Ghazwat which he fought. The
lot fell on me and so I proceeded with Allah's

Apostle after Allah's order of veiling (the women)

had been revealed. I was carried (on the back of
a camel) in my howdah and carried down while
still in it (when we came to a halt). So we went
on till Allah's Apostle had finished from that
Ghazwa of his and returned.
When we approached the city of Medina he

announced at night that it was time for departure.

So when they announced the news of departure,
I got up and went away from the army camps,

and after finishing from the call of nature, I came

back to my riding animal. I touched my chest to
find that my necklace which was made of Zifar
beads (i.e. Yemenite beads partly black and
partly white) was missing. So I returned to look
for my necklace and my search for it detained
me. (In the meanwhile) the people who used to
carry me on my camel, came and took my
howdah and put it on the back of my camel on
which I used to ride, as they considered that I
was in it. In those days women were light in

weight for they did not get fat, and flesh did not

cover their bodies in abundance as they used to
eat only a little food. Those people therefore,
disregarded the lightness of the howdah while

lifting and carrying it; and at that time I was still a

young girl. They made the camel rise and all of
them left (along with it). I found my necklace
after the army had gone.

Then I came to their camping place to find no call

maker of them, nor one who would respond to

the call. So I intended to go to the place where I

used to stay, thinking that they would miss me
and come back to me (in my search). While I
was sitting in my resting place, I was
overwhelmed by sleep and slept. Safwan bin
Al-Muattal As-Sulami Adh-Dhakwani was
behind the army. When he reached my place in
the morning, he saw the figure of a sleeping
person and he recognized me on seeing me as he
had seen me before the order of compulsory
veiling (was prescribed). So I woke up when he

recited Istirja' (i.e. "Inna lillahi wa inna llaihi

raji'un") as soon as he recognized me. I veiled my

face with my head cover at once, and by Allah,
we did not speak a single word, and I did not
hear him saying any word besides his Istirja'. He
dismounted from his camel and made it kneel

down, putting his leg on its front legs and then I

got up and rode on it. Then he set out leading the

camel that was carrying me till we overtook the
army in the extreme heat of midday while they
were at a halt (taking a rest). (Because of the
event) some people brought destruction upon
themselves and the one who spread the Ifk (i.e.
slander) more, was 'Abdullah bin Ubai Ibn
Salul."
(Urwa said, "The people propagated the slander
and talked about it in his (i.e. 'Abdullah's)
presence and he confirmed it and listened to it
and asked about it to let it prevail." Urwa also
added, "None was mentioned as members of the
slanderous group besides ('Abdullah) except
Hassan bin Thabit and Mistah bin Uthatha and
Hamna bint Jahsh along with others about whom
I have no knowledge, but they were a group as
Allah said. It is said that the one who carried
most of the slander was 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin
Salul." Urwa added, "'Aisha disliked to have
Hassan abused in her presence and she used to
say, 'It was he who said: My father and his (i.e.
my father's) father and my honor are all for the
protection of Muhammad's honor from you.").
'Aisha added, "After we returned to Medina, I
became ill for a month. The people were
propagating the forged statements of the
slanderers while I was unaware of anything of all

that, but I felt that in my present ailment, I was

not receiving the same kindness from Allah's
Apostle as I used to receive when I got sick.
(But now) Allah's Apostle would only come,

greet me and say,' How is that (lady)?' and leave.

That roused my doubts, but I did not discover
the evil (i.e. slander) till I went out after my
convalescence, I went out with Um Mistah to
Al-Manasi' where we used to answer the call of
nature and we used not to go out (to answer the
call of nature) except at night, and that was
before we had latrines near our houses. And this
habit of our concerning evacuating the bowels,

was similar to the habits of the old 'Arabs living in

the deserts, for it would be troublesome for us to

take latrines near our houses. So I and Um
Mistah who was the daughter of Abu Ruhm bin
Al-Muttalib bin Abd Manaf, whose mother was
the daughter of Sakhr bin 'Amir and the aunt of
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq and whose son was Mistah
bin Uthatha bin 'Abbas bin Al-Muttalib, went
out. I and Um Mistah returned to my house after
we finished answering the call of nature. Um
Mistah stumbled by getting her foot entangled in
her covering sheet and on that she said, 'Let
Mistah be ruined!' I said, 'What a hard word you
have said. Do you abuse a man who took part in
the battle of Badr?' On that she said, 'O you
Hantah! Didn't you hear what he (i.e. Mistah)
said? 'I said, 'What did he say?'

Then she told me the slander of the people of Ifk.

So my ailment was aggravated, and when I
reached my home, Allah's Apostle came to me,

and after greeting me, said, 'How is that (lady)?' I

said, 'Will you allow me to go to my parents?' as
I wanted to be sure about the news through
them. Allah's Apostle allowed me (and I went to
my parents) and asked my mother, 'O mother!
What are the people talking about?' She said, 'O
my daughter! Don't worry, for scarcely is there a
charming woman who is loved by her husband
and whose husband has other wives besides
herself that they (i.e. women) would find faults
with her.' I said, 'Subhan-Allah! (I testify the
uniqueness of Allah). Are the people really

talking in this way?' I kept on weeping that night

till dawn I could neither stop weeping nor sleep
then in the morning again, I kept on weeping.
When the Divine Inspiration was delayed.
Allah's Apostle called 'Ali bin Abi Talib and
Usama bin Zaid to ask and consult them about
divorcing me. Usama bin Zaid said what he knew
of my innocence, and the respect he preserved in
himself for me. Usama said, '(O Allah's Apostle!)
She is your wife and we do not know anything
except good about her.' 'Ali bin Abi Talib said,
'O Allah's Apostle! Allah does not put you in
difficulty and there are plenty of women other
than she, yet, ask the maid-servant who will tell
you the truth.' On that Allah's Apostle called

Barira (i.e. the maid-servant) and said, 'O Barira!

Did you ever see anything which aroused your
suspicion?' Barira said to him, 'By Him Who has
sent you with the Truth. I have never seen
anything in her (i.e. Aisha) which I would
conceal, except that she is a young girl who
sleeps leaving the dough of her family exposed so
that the domestic goats come and eat it.'
So, on that day, Allah's Apostle got up on the
pulpit and complained about 'Abdullah bin Ubai
(bin Salul) before his companions, saying, 'O you
Muslims! Who will relieve me from that man who
has hurt me with his evil statement about my
family? By Allah, I know nothing except good
about my family and they have blamed a man
about whom I know nothing except good and he
used never to enter my home except with me.'
Sad bin Mu'adh the brother of Banu 'Abd
Al-Ashhal got up and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! I

will relieve you from him; if he is from the tribe of

Al-Aus, then I will chop his head off, and if he is

from our brothers, i.e. Al-Khazraj, then order us,

and we will fulfill your order.' On that, a man
from Al-Khazraj got up. Um Hassan, his cousin,
was from his branch tribe, and he was Sad bin
Ubada, chief of Al-Khazraj. Before this incident,
he was a pious man, but his love for his tribe
goaded him into saying to Sad (bin Mu'adh). 'By
Allah, you have told a lie; you shall not and
cannot kill him. If he belonged to your people,
you would not wish him to be killed.'
On that, Usaid bin Hudair who was the cousin of
Sad (bin Mu'adh) got up and said to Sad bin
'Ubada, 'By Allah! You are a liar! We will surely
kill him, and you are a hypocrite arguing on the
behalf of hypocrites.' On this, the two tribes of
Al-Aus and Al Khazraj got so much excited that
they were about to fight while Allah's Apostle
was standing on the pulpit. Allah's Apostle kept
on quietening them till they became silent and so
did he. All that day I kept on weeping with my
tears never ceasing, and I could never sleep.
In the morning my parents were with me and I
wept for two nights and a day with my tears
never ceasing and I could never sleep till I
thought that my liver would burst from weeping.
So, while my parents were sitting with me and I
was weeping, an Ansari woman asked me to
grant her admittance. I allowed her to come in,
and when she came in, she sat down and started
weeping with me. While we were in this state,
Allah's Apostle came, greeted us and sat down.
He had never sat with me since that day of the
slander. A month had elapsed and no Divine
Inspiration came to him about my case. Allah's
Apostle then recited Tashah-hud and then said,
'Amma Badu, O 'Aisha! I have been informed
so-and-so about you; if you are innocent, then
soon Allah will reveal your innocence, and if you
have committed a sin, then repent to Allah and
ask Him for forgiveness for when a slave

confesses his sins and asks Allah for forgiveness,

Allah accepts his repentance.'
When Allah's Apostle finished his speech, my
tears ceased flowing completely that I no longer
felt a single drop of tear flowing. I said to my
father, 'Reply to Allah's Apostle on my behalf
concerning what he has said.' My father said, 'By
Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah's
Apostle .' Then I said to my mother, 'Reply to
Allah's Apostle on my behalf concerning what he
has said.' She said, 'By Allah, I do not know
what to say to Allah's Apostle.' In spite of the
fact that I was a young girl and had a little
knowledge of Quran, I said, 'By Allah, no doubt
I know that you heard this (slanderous) speech
so that it has been planted in your hearts (i.e.
minds) and you have taken it as a truth. Now if I
tell you that I am innocent, you will not believe
me, and if confess to you about it, and Allah
knows that I am innocent, you will surely believe
me. By Allah, I find no similitude for me and you

except that of Joseph's father when he said, '(For

me) patience in the most fitting against that which

you assert; it is Allah (Alone) Whose Help can
be sought.' Then I turned to the other side and
lay on my bed; and Allah knew then that I was
innocent and hoped that Allah would reveal my
innocence. But, by Allah, I never thought that
Allah would reveal about my case, Divine
Inspiration, that would be recited (forever) as I
considered myself too unworthy to be talked of
by Allah with something of my concern, but I
hoped that Allah's Apostle might have a dream in
which Allah would prove my innocence. But, by
Allah, before Allah's Apostle left his seat and
before any of the household left, the Divine
inspiration came to Allah's Apostle.
So there overtook him the same hard condition
which used to overtake him, (when he used to be
inspired Divinely). The sweat was dropping from
his body like pearls though it was a wintry day
and that was because of the weighty statement
which was being revealed to him. When that
state of Allah's Apostle was over, he got up
smiling, and the first word he said was, 'O
'Aisha! Allah has declared your innocence!' Then
my Mother said to me, 'Get up and go to him

(i.e. Allah's Apostle). I replied, 'By Allah, I will

not go to him, and I praise none but Allah. So
Allah revealed the ten Verses:-- "Verily! They
who spread the slander Are a gang, among
you............." (24.11-20)
Allah revealed those Quranic Verses to declare
my innocence. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq who used to
disburse money for Mistah bin Uthatha because
of his relationship to him and his poverty, said,

'By Allah, I will never give to Mistah bin Uthatha

anything after what he has said about Aisha.'
Then Allah revealed:--
"And let not those among you who are good and
wealthy swear not to give (any sort of help) to
their kinsmen, those in need, and those who have

left their homes for Allah's cause, let them pardon

and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should
forgive you? And Allah is oft-Forgiving Most
Merciful." (24.22)
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq said, 'Yes, by Allah, I
would like that Allah forgive me.' and went on
giving Mistah the money he used to give him
before. He also added, 'By Allah, I will never
deprive him of it at all.'
Aisha further said:." Allah's Apostle also asked
Zainab bint Jahsh (i.e. his wife) about my case.
He said to Zainab, 'What do you know and what
did you see?" She replied, "O Allah's Apostle! I

refrain from claiming falsely that I have heard or

seen anything. By Allah, I know nothing except
good (about 'Aisha).' From amongst the wives of
the Prophet Zainab was my peer (in beauty and
in the love she received from the Prophet) but
Allah saved her from that evil because of her

piety. Her sister Hamna, started struggling on her

behalf and she was destroyed along with those
who were destroyed. The man who was blamed
said, 'Subhan-Allah! By Him in Whose Hand my
soul is, I have never uncovered the cover (i.e.
veil) of any female.' Later on the man was
martyred in Allah's Cause."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 463:
Narrated Az-Zuhri:
Al-Walid bin 'Abdul Malik said to me, "Have
you heard that 'Ali' was one of those who
slandered 'Aisha?" I replied, "No, but two men
from your people (named) Abu Salama bin
'Abdur-Rahman and Abu Bakr bin
Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith have informed me
that Aisha told them that 'Ali remained silent
about her case."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 464:
Narrated Masruq bin Al-Aida:
Um Ruman, the mother of 'Aisha said that while
'Aisha and she were sitting, an Ansari woman
came and said, "May Allah harm such and-such
a person!" Um Ruman said to her, What is the
matter?" She replied, "My son was amongst
those who talked of the story (of the Slander)."
Um Ruman said, "What is that?" She said,
"So-and-so...." and narrated the whole story. On
that 'Aisha said, "Did Allah's Apostle hear about
that?" She replies, "yes." 'Aisha further said,
"And Abu Bakr too?" She replied, "Yes." On
that, 'Aisha fell down fainting, and when she

came to her senses, she had got fever with rigors.

I put her clothes over her and covered her. The
Prophet came and asked, "What is wrong with
this (lady)?" Um Ruman replied, "O Allah's
Apostle! She (i.e. 'Aisha) has got temperature
with rigors." He said, "Perhaps it is because of
the story that has been talked about?" She said,

"Yes." 'Aisha sat up and said, "By Allah, if I took

an oath (that I am innocent), you would not

believe me, and if I said (that I am not innocent),

you would not excuse me. My and your example

is like that of Jacob and his sons (as Jacob said ):

'It is Allah (Alone) Whose Help can be sought
against that you assert.' Um Ruman said, "The
Prophet then went out saying nothing. Then Allah
declared her innocence. On that, 'Aisha said (to
the Prophet), "I thank Allah only; thank neither
anybody else nor you."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 465:
Narrated Ibn Abi Malaika:

'Aisha used to recite this Verse:-- 'Ida taliqunahu

bi-alsinatikum' (24.15) "(As you tell lie with your

tongues.)" and used to say "Al-Walaq" means
"telling of a lie. "She knew this Verse more than
anybody else as it was revealed about her.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 466:
Narrated Hisham's father:
I started abusing Hassan in front of 'Aisha. She
said, "Do not abuse him as he used to defend
Allah's Apostle (against the infidels). 'Aisha
added, "Once Hassan took the permission from
the Prophet to say poetic verses against the
infidels. On that the Prophet said, 'How will you
exclude my forefathers (from that)? Hassan

replied, 'I will take you out of them as one takes

a hair out of the dough." Hisham's father added,
"I abused Hassan as he was one of those who
spoke against 'Aisha."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 467:
Narrated Masruq:
We went to 'Aisha while Hassan bin Thabit was
with her reciting poetry to her from some of his
poetic verses, saying "A chaste wise lady about
whom nobody can have suspicion. She gets up
with an empty stomach because she never eats
the flesh of indiscreet (ladies)." 'Aisha said to
him, "But you are not like that." I said to her,
"Why do you grant him admittance, though Allah
said:-- "and as for him among them, who had the
greater share therein, his will be a severe
torment." (24.11)
On that, 'Aisha said, "And what punishment is
more than blinding?" She, added, "Hassan used
to defend or say poetry on behalf of Allah's
Apostle (against the infidels)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 468:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid:
We went out with Allah's Apostle in the year of
Al-Hudaibiya. One night it rained and Allah's
Apostle led us in the Fajr prayer and (after

finishing it), turned to us and said, " Do you know

what your Lord has said?" We replied, "Allah
and His Apostle know it better." He said, "Allah
said:-- "(Some of) My slaves got up believing in
Me, And (some of them) disbelieving in Me. The
one who said: We have been given Rain through
Allah's Mercy and Allah's Blessing and Allah's
Bounty, Then he is a believer in Me, and is a
Disbeliever in the star. And whoever said: We
have been given rain because of such-and-such
star, Then he is a believer in the star, and is a
disbeliever in Me."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 469:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle performed four 'Umras, all in the
month of Dhul-Qa'da, except the one which he
performed with his Hajj (i.e. in Dhul-Hijja). He
performed one 'Umra from Al-Hudaibiya in
Dhul-Qa'da, another 'Umra in the following year
in Dhul Qa'da a third from Al-Jirana where he
distributed the war booty of Hunain, in Dhul
Qa'da, and the fourth 'Umra he performed was
with his Hajj.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 470:
Narrated Abu Qatada:
We set out with the Prophet in the year of
Al-Hudaibiya, and all his companions assumed
the state of Ihram but I did not.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 471:
Narrated Al-Bara:
Do you (people) consider the conquest of
Mecca, the Victory (referred to in the Qur'an
48:1). Was the conquest of Mecca a victory?
We really consider that the actual Victory was
the Ar-Ridwan Pledge of allegiance which we
gave on the day of Al-Hudaibiya (to the Prophet)
. On the day of Al-Hudaibiya we were fourteen
hundred men along with the Prophet
Al-Hudaibiya was a well, the water of which we
used up leaving not a single drop of water in it.
When the Prophet was informed of that, he came
and sat on its edge. Then he asked for a utensil
of water, performed ablution from it, rinsed (his
mouth), invoked (Allah), and poured the
remaining water into the well. We stayed there
for a while and then the well brought forth what
we required of water for ourselves and our riding
animals.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 472:
Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib:
That they were in the company of Allah's Apostle
on the day of Al-Hudaibiya and their number
was 1400 or more. They camped at a well and
drew its water till it was dried. When they
informed Allah's Apostle of that, he came and sat
over its edge and said, "Bring me a bucket of its
water." When it was brought, he spat and
invoked (Allah) and said, "Leave it for a while."
Then they quenched their thirst and watered their

riding animals (from that well) till they departed.

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 473:
Narrated Salim:
Jabir said "On the day of Al-Hudaibiya, the
people felt thirsty and Allah's Apostle had a
utensil containing water. He performer ablution
from it and then the people came towards him.
Allah's Apostle said, 'What is wrong with you?'
The people said, 'O Allah's Apostle! We haven't
got any water to perform ablution with or to
drink, except what you have in your utensil.' So
the Prophet put his hand in the utensil and the
water started spouting out between his fingers
like springs. So we drank and performed
ablution." I said to Jabir, "What was your number
on that day?" He replied, "Even if we had been
one hundred thousand, that water would have
been sufficient for us. Anyhow, we were 1500.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 474:
Narrated Qatada:
I said to Sa'id bin Al-Musaiyab, "I have been
informed that Jabir bin 'Abdullah said that the
number (of Al-Hudaibiya Muslim warriors) was
1400." Sa'id said to me, "Jabir narrated to me
that they were 1500 who gave the Pledge of
allegiance to the Prophet on the day of
Al-Hudaibiya.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 475:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
On the day of Al-Hudaibiya, Allah's Apostle said
to us' "You are the best people on the earth!"
We were 1400 then. If I could see now, I would
have shown you the place of the Tree (beneath
which the Pledge of allegiance was given by us),"
Salim said, "Our number was 1400." 'Abdullah
bin Abi Aufa said, "The people (who gave the
Pledge of allegiance) under the Tree numbered
1300 and the number of Bani Aslam was 1/8 of
the Emigrants."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 476:
Narrated Mirdas Al-Aslami:
Who was among those (who had given the
Pledge of allegiance) under the Tree: Pious
people will die in succession, and there will
remain the dregs of society who will be like the
useless residues of dates and barley and Allah
will pay no attention to them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 477:
Narrated Marwan and Al-Miswar bin
Makhrama:
The Prophet went out in the company of 1300 to
1500 of his companions in the year of
Al-Hudaibiya, and when they reached
Dhul-Hulaifa, he garlanded and marked his Hadi
and assumed the state of Ihram.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 478:
Narrated Kab bin Ujra:

That Allah's Apostle saw him with the lice falling

(from his head) on his face. Allah's Apostle said,

"Are your lice troubling you? Ka'b said, "Yes."
Allah's Apostle thus ordered him to shave his
head while he was at Al-Hudaibiya. Up to then
there was no indication that all of them would
finish their state of Ihram and they hoped that
they would enter Mecca. Then the order of
Al-Fidya was revealed, so Allah's Apostle
ordered Kab to feed six poor persons with one
Faraq of food or slaughter a sheep or fast for
three days.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 479:
Narrated Aslam:
Once I went with 'Umar bin Al-Khattab to the
market. A young woman followed 'Umar and
said, "O chief of the believers! My husband has

died, leaving little children. By Allah, they have

not even a sheep's trotter to cook; they have no
farms or animals. I am afraid that they may die
because of hunger, and I am the daughter of
Khufaf bin Ima Al-Ghafari, and my father
witnessed the Pledge of allegiance) of
Al-Hudaibiya with the Prophet.' Umar stopped
and did not proceed, and said, "I welcome my
near relative." Then he went towards a strong
camel which was tied in the house, and carried
on to it, two sacks he had loaded with food
grains and put between them money and clothes
and gave her its rope to hold and said, "Lead it,

and this provision will not finish till Allah gives

you a good supply." A man said, "O chief of the
believers! You have given her too much." "Umar
said disapprovingly. "May your mother be
bereaved of you! By Allah, I have seen her father
and brother besieging a fort for a long time and
conquering it, and then we were discussing what
their shares they would have from that war
booty."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 480:
Narrated Said bin Al-Musaiyab:
That his father said, "I saw the Tree (of the
Ar-Ridwan Pledge of allegiance and when I

returned to it later, I was not able to recognize it.

(The sub--narrator MahmiJd said, Al-Musaiyab
said, 'Then; forgot it (i.e., the Tree).)"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 481:
Narrated Tariq bin 'Abdur-Rahman:
When I set out for Hajj, I passed by some
people offering a prayer, I asked, "What is this
mosque?" They said, "This is the Tree where
Allah's Apostle took the Ar-Ridwan Pledge of
allegiance. Then I went to Sa'id bin Musaiyab
and informed him about it. Said said, "My father
said that he was amongst those who had given
the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle
beneath the Tree. He (i.e. my father) said, "When
we set out the following year, we forgot the Tree
and were unable to recognize it. "Then Said said
(perhaps ironically) "The companions of the
Prophet could not recognize it; nevertheless, you
do recognize it; therefore you have a better
knowledge."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 482:
Narrated Said bin Al-Musaiyab:
That his father was amongst those who had given

the Pledge of allegiance (to the Prophet ) beneath

the Tree, and the next year when they went
towards the Tree, they were not able to
recognize it.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 483:
Narrated Tariq:
(The tree where the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance
was taken by the Prophet) was mentioned before
Said bin Al-Musaiyab. On that he smiled and
said, "My father informed me (about it) and he
had witnessed it (i.e. the Pledge) ."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 484:
Narrated Abdullah bin Abi Aufa:
(Who was one of those who had given the
Pledge of allegiance to the Prophet beneath the
Tree) When the people brought Sadaqa (i.e.
Rakat) to the Prophet he used to say, "O Allah!
Bless them with your Mercy." Once my father
came with his Sadaqa to him whereupon he (i.e.
the Prophet) said. "O Allah! Bless the family of
Abu Aufa."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 485:
Narrated 'Abbas bin Tamim:
When it was the day (of the battle) of Al-Harra
the people were giving Pledge of allegiance to
Abdullah bin Hanzala. Ibn Zaid said, "For what
are the people giving Pledge of allegiance to
Abdullah bin Hanzala?" It was said to him, "For
death." Ibn Zaid said, "I will never give the

Pledge of allegiance for that to anybody else after

Allah's Apostle ." Ibn Zaid was one of those who
had witnessed the day of Al-Hudaibiya with the
Prophet.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 486:
Narrated Iyas bin Salama bin Al-Akwa:
My father who was amongst those who had
given the Pledge of allegiance to the Prophet
beneath the Tree, said to me, "We used to offer
the Jumua prayer with the Prophet and then
depart at a time when the walls had no shade for
us to take shelter in."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 487:
Narrated Yazid bin Abi Ubaid:
I said to Salama bin Al-Akwa, "For what did
you give the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's
Apostle on the day of Al-Hudaibiya?" He
replied, "For death (in the Cause of Islam.)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 488:
Narrated Al-Musaiyab:
I met Al-Bara bin 'Azib and said (to him). "May
you live prosperously! You enjoyed the company
of the Prophet and gave him the Pledge of
allegiance (of Al-Hudaibiya) under the Tree." On
that, Al-Bara' said, "O my nephew! You do not
know what we have done after him (i.e. his
death)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 489:
Narrated Abu Qilaba:
that Thabit bin Ad-Dahhak had informed him that
he was one of those who had given the Pledge of
allegiance (of Al-Hudaibiya) beneath the Tree.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 490:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
regarding Allah's Statement: "Verily! We have
granted you (O, Muhammad) Manifest victory."
(48.1) It refers to the Al-Hudaibiya Pledge. And
the companions of the Prophet said (to the
Prophet), "Congratulations and happiness for
you; but what reward shall we get?" So Allah
revealed:-- "That He may admit the believing
men and women to gardens beneath which rivers
flow." (48.5)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 491:
Narrated Zahir Al-Aslami:
(who was one of those who had witnessed (the
Pledge of allegiance beneath) the Tree) While I
was making fire beneath the cooking pots
containing donkey's meat, the announcer of
Allah's Apostle announced, "Allah's Apostle
forbids you to eat donkey's meat."
The same narration was told by Majzaa from a
man called Uhban bin Aus who was one of those
who had witnessed (the Pledge of allegiance
beneath) the Tree., and who had some trouble in

his knee so that while doing prostrations, he used

to put a pillow underneath his knee.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 492:
Narrated Suwaid bin An-Numan:
who was one of those who witnessed (the
Pledge of allegiance beneath) the Tree: Allah's
Apostle and his companions were given Sawiq
and they chewed it.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 493:
Narrated Abu Jamra:
I asked Aidh bin Amr, who was one of the
companions of the Prophet one of those (who
gave the allegiance to the Prophet the Tree: "Can
the Witr prayer be repeated (in one night)?" He

said, "If you have offered it in the first part of the

night, you should not repeat it in the last part 'of

the night." (See Fateh-al-Bari page 458 Vol 8th).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 494:
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam:
My father said, "Allah's Apostle was proceeding
at night on one of his journeys and 'Umar bin
Al-Khattab was going along with him. 'Umar bin
Al-Khattab asked him (about something) but
Allah's Apostle did not answer him. 'Umar asked
him again, but he did not answer him. He asked
him again (for the third time) but he did not
answer him. On that Umar bin Al-Khattab
addressed himself saying, "May your mother be
bereaved of you, O 'Umar, for you have asked
Allah's Apostle thrice, yet he has not answered
you." 'Umar said, "Then I made my camel run

fast and took it in front of the other Muslims, and

I was afraid that something might be revealed in
my connection. I had hardly waited for a moment
when I heard somebody calling me. I said, 'I was
afraid that something might have been revealed
about me.' Then I came to Allah's Apostle and
greeted him. He (i.e. the Prophet) said, 'Tonight
there has been revealed to me, a Sura which is
dearer to me than (all the world) on which the
sun rises,' and then he recited: 'Verily! We have
granted you (O Muhammad) A manifest victory."
(48.1)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 495:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and
Marwan bin Al-Hakam:
(one of them said more than his friend): The
Prophet set out in the company of more than
one-thousand of his companions in the year of
Al-Hudaibiya, and when he reached
Dhul-Hulaifa, he garlanded his Hadi (i.e.

sacrificing animal), assumed the state of Ihram for

'Umra from that place and sent a spy of his from
Khuzi'a (tribe). The Prophet proceeded on till he
reached (a village called) Ghadir-al-Ashtat.
There his spy came and said, "The Quraish

(infidels) have collected a great number of people

against you, and they have collected against you
the Ethiopians, and they will fight with you, and
will stop you from entering the Ka'ba and
prevent you." The Prophet said, "O people! Give
me your opinion. Do you recommend that I

should destroy the families and offspring of those

who want to stop us from the Ka'ba? If they
should come to us (for peace) then Allah will
destroy a spy from the pagans, or otherwise we

will leave them in a miserable state." On that Abu

Bakr said, "O Allah Apostle! You have come
with the intention of visiting this House (i.e.
Ka'ba) and you do not want to kill or fight
anybody. So proceed to it, and whoever should
stop us from it, we will fight him." On that the
Prophet said, "Proceed on, in the Name of Allah
!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 496:
Narrated Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
That he heard Marwan bin Al-Hakam and
Al-Miswar bin Makhrama relating one of the
events that happened to Allah's Apostle in the
'Umra of Al-Hudaibiya. They said, "When
Allah's Apostle concluded the truce with Suhail
bin 'Amr on the day of Al-Hudaibiya, one of the
conditions which Suhail bin 'Amr stipulated, was
his saying (to the Prophet), "If anyone from us
(i.e. infidels) ever comes to you, though he has
embraced your religion, you should return him to
us, and should not interfere between us and him."
Suhail refused to conclude the truce with Allah's
Apostle except on this condition. The believers
disliked this condition and got disgusted with it
and argued about it. But when Suhail refused to
conclude the truce with Allah's Apostle except
on that condition, Allah's Apostle concluded it.
Accordingly, Allah's Apostle then returned Abu
Jandal bin Suhail to his father, Suhail bin 'Amr,
and returned every man coming to him from them
during that period even if he was a Muslim. The
believing women Emigrants came (to Medina)
and Um Kulthum, the daughter of 'Uqba bin Abi
Mu'ait was one of those who came to Allah's
Apostle and she was an adult at that time. Her
relatives came, asking Allah's Apostle to return
her to them, and in this connection, Allah
revealed the Verses dealing with the believing
(women). Aisha said, "Allah's Apostle used to
test all the believing women who migrated to him,
with the following Verse:-- "O Prophet! When
the believing Women come to you, to give the
pledge of allegiance to you." (60.12)
'Urwa's uncle said, "We were informed when
Allah ordered His Apostle to return to the
pagans what they had given to their wives who
lately migrated (to Medina) and we were
informed that Abu Basir..." relating the whole
narration.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 497:
Narrated Nafi:
Abdullah bin Umar set out for Umra during the

period of afflictions, and he said, "If I should be

stopped from visiting the Kaba, I will do what
we did when we were with Allah's Apostle." He
assumed Ihram for 'Umra in the year of
Al-Hudaibiya.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 498:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn 'Umar assumed Ihram and said, "If something
should intervene between me and the Ka'ba, then
I will do what the Prophet did when the Quraish
infidels intervened between him and (the Ka'ba).
Then Ibn 'Umar recited: "You have indeed in
Allah's Apostle A good example to follow."
(33.21)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 499:
Narrated Nafi:
One of 'Abdullah's sons said to 'Abdullah (bin
Umar) "I wish you would stay this year (and not
perform Hajj) as I am afraid that you will not be
able to reach the Kaba." On that he (i.e.
'Abdullah bin Umar) said, "We went out with the
Prophet (for 'Umra), and when the Quraish
infidel intervened between us and the Ka'ba, the
Prophet slaughtered his Hadi and shaved (his
head), and his companions cut short their hair."
Then 'Abdullah bin Umar said, "I make you
witness that I have intended to perform 'Umra
and if I am allowed to reach the Kaba, I will
perform the Tawaf, and if something (i.e.
obstacles) intervene between me and the Kaba,
then I will do what Allah's Apostle did." Then
after going for a while, he said, "I consider the
ceremonies (of both 'Umra and Hajj as one and
the same, so I would like you to witness that I
have intended to perform Hajj along with my
'Umra." So he performed only one Tawaf and
one Sai (between Safa and Marwa) and finished
the Ihram of both Umra and Hajj).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 500:
Narrated Nafi:
The people used to say that Ibn 'Umar had
embraced Islam before 'Umar. This is not true.
What happened is that 'Umar sent 'Abdullah to
bring his horse from an Ansari man so as to fight
on it. At that time the people were giving the
Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle near the
Tree, and 'Umar was not aware of that. So
Abdullah (bin Umar) gave the Pledge of
Allegiance (to the Prophet) and went to take the
horse and brought it to 'Umar. While 'Umar was
putting on the armor to get ready for fighting,
'Abdullah informed him that the people were

giving the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle

beneath the Tree. So 'Umar set out and
'Abdullah accompanied him till he gave the
Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle, and it
was this event that made people say that Ibn
'Umar had embraced Islam before 'Umar.
"Abdullah bin 'Umar added, "The people were
along with the Prophet on the day of
Al-Hudaibiya spreading in the shade of the trees.
Suddenly the people surrounded the Prophet and
started looking at him." 'Umar said, "O
'Abdullah! Go and see why the people are
encircling Allah's Apostle and looking at him."
'Abdullah bin Umar then saw the people giving
the Pledge o allegiance to the Prophet. So he
also gave the Pledge of allegiance and returned
to 'Umar who went out in his turn and gave the
Pledge of allegiance to the Prophet.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 501:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi Aufa:
We were in the company of the Prophet when he
performed the 'Umra. He performed the Tawaf
and we did the same; he offered the prayer and
we also offered the prayer with him. Then he
performed the Sai between Safa and Marwa and
we were guarding him against the people of
Mecca so that nobody should harm him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 502:
Narrated Abu Wail:
When Sahl bin Hunaif returned from (the battle
of) Siffin, we went to ask him (as to why he had
come back). He replied, "(You should not
consider me a coward) but blame your opinions.
I saw myself on the day of Abu Jandal (inclined
to fight), and if I had the power of refusing the
order of Allah's Apostle then, I would have

refused it (and fought the infidels bravely). Allah

and His Apostle know (what is convenient)
better. Whenever we put our swords on our
shoulders for any matter that terrified us, our
swords led us to an easy agreeable solution
before the present situation (of disagreement and
dispute between the Muslims). When we mend
the breach in one side, it opened in another, and
we do not know what to do about it."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 503:
Narrated Kab bin Ujra:
The Prophet came to me at the time of
Al-Hudaibiya Pledge while lice were falling on
my face. He said, "Are the lice of your head
troubling you?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Shave
your head and fast for three days, or feed six
poor persons, or slaughter a sheep as sacrifice."
(The sub-narrator, Aiyub said, "I do not know
with which of these three options he started.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 504:
Narrated Ka'b bin Ujra:
We were in the company of Allah's Apostle at
Al-Hudaibiya in the state of Ihram and the
pagans did not allow us to proceed (to the

Ka'ba). I had thick hair and lice started falling on

my face. The Prophet passed by me and said,
"Are the lice of your head troubling you?" I
replied, Yes." (The sub-narrator added, "Then
the following Divine Verse was revealed:-- "And
if anyone of you is ill or has an ailment in his
scalp, (necessitating shaving) must pay a ransom
(Fida) of either fasting or feeding the poor, Or
offering a sacrifice." (2.196)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 505:
Narrated Anas:
Some people of the tribe of 'Ukl and 'Uraina
arrived at Medina to meet the Prophet and
embraced Islam and said, "O Allah's Prophet!
We are the owners of milch livestock (i.e.
bedouins) and not farmers (i.e. countrymen)."
They found the climate of Medina unsuitable for
them. So Allah's Apostle ordered that they
should be provided with some milch camels and
a shepherd and ordered them to go out of
Medina and to drink the camels' milk and urine
(as medicine) So they set out and when they
reached Al-Harra, they reverted to Heathenism
after embracing Islam, and killed the shepherd of
the Prophet and drove away the camels. When
this news reached the Prophet, he sent some
people in pursuit of them. (So they were caught
and brought back to the Prophet ). The Prophet
gave his orders in their concern. So their eyes
were branded with pieces of iron and their hands
and legs were cut off and they were left away in

Harra till they died in that state of theirs. (See

Hadith 234 Vol 1)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 506:
Narrated Abu Raja:
The freed slave of Abu Qilaba, who was with
Abu Qilaba in Sham: 'Umar bin 'Abdul 'Aziz
consulted the people saying, "What do you think
of Qasama." They said, "'It is a right (judgment)
which Allah's Apostle and the Caliphs before you
acted on." Abu Qilaba was behind 'Umar's bed.
'Anbasa bin Said said, But what about the
narration concerning the people of Uraina?" Abu
Qilaba said, "Anas bin Malik narrated it to me,"
and then narrated the whole story.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 507:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:
Once I went (from Medina) towards (Al-Ghaba)
before the first Adhan of the Fajr Prayer. The
she-camels of Allah's Apostle used to graze at a
place called Dhi-Qarad. A slave of
'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf met me (on the way)
and said, "The she-camels of Allah's Apostle had
been taken away by force." I asked, "Who had
taken them?" He replied "(The people of)
Ghatafan." I made three loud cries (to the people
of Medina) saying, "O Sabahah!" I made the
people between the two mountains of Medina
hear me. Then I rushed onward and caught up
with the robbers while they were watering the
camels. I started throwing arrows at them as I
was a good archer and I was saying, "I am the
son of Al-Akwa', and today will perish the
wicked people." I kept on saying like that till I
restored the she-camels (of the Prophet), I also
snatched thirty Burda (i.e. garments) from them.
Then the Prophet and the other people came
there, and I said, "O Allah's Prophet! I have
stopped the people (of Ghatafan) from taking
water and they are thirsty now. So send (some
people) after them now." On that the Prophet
said, "O the son of Al-Akwa'! You have
over-powered them, so forgive them." Then we
all came back and Allah's Apostle seated me
behind him on his she-camel till we entered
Medina.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 508:
Narrated Suwaid bin An-Numan:
I went out in the company of the Prophet in the
year of Khaibar, and when we reached As
Sahba' which is the lower part of Khaibar, the
Prophet offered the Asr prayer and then asked
the people to collect the journey food. Nothing
was brought but Sawiq which the Prophet
ordered to be moistened with water, and then he

ate it and we also ate it. Then he got up to offer

the Maghrib prayer. He washed his mouth, and
we too washed our mouths, and then he offered
the prayer without repeating his abulution.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 509:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:
We went out to Khaibar in the company of the
Prophet. While we were proceeding at night, a
man from the group said to 'Amir, "O 'Amir!
Won't you let us hear your poetry?" 'Amir was a
poet, so he got down and started reciting for the
people poetry that kept pace with the camels'
footsteps, saying:-- "O Allah! Without You we
Would not have been guided On the right path
Neither would be have given In charity, nor
would We have prayed. So please forgive us,

what we have committed (i.e. our defects); let all

of us Be sacrificed for Your Cause And send
Sakina (i.e. calmness) Upon us to make our feet
firm When we meet our enemy, and If they will
call us towards An unjust thing, We will refuse.
The infidels have made a hue and Cry to ask
others' help Against us." The Prophet on that,
asked, "Who is that (camel) driver (reciting
poetry)?" The people said, "He is 'Amir bin
Al-Akwa'."
Then the Prophet said, "May Allah bestow His
Mercy on him." A man amongst the people said,
"O Allah's Prophet! has (martyrdom) been
granted to him. Would that you let us enjoy his
company longer." Then we reached and besieged

Khaibar till we were afflicted with severe hunger.

Then Allah helped the Muslims conquer it (i.e.
Khaibar). In the evening of the day of the
conquest of the city, the Muslims made huge
fires. The Prophet said, "What are these fires?
For cooking what, are you making the fire?" The
people replied, "(For cooking) meat." He asked,
"What kind of meat?" They (i.e. people) said,
"The meat of donkeys." The Prophet said,
"Throw away the meat and break the pots!"
Some man said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall we
throw away the meat and wash the pots
instead?" He said, "(Yes, you can do) that too."
So when the army files were arranged in rows
(for the clash), 'Amir's sword was short and he
aimed at the leg of a Jew to strike it, but the
sharp blade of the sword returned to him and
injured his own knee, and that caused him to die.
When they returned from the battle, Allah's
Apostle saw me (in a sad mood). He took my
hand and said, "What is bothering you?" I
replied, "Let my father and mother be sacrificed
for you! The people say that the deeds of 'Amir
are lost." The Prophet said, "Whoever says so, is
mistaken, for 'Amir has got a double reward."
The Prophet raised two fingers and added, "He
(i.e. Amir) was a persevering struggler in the
Cause of Allah and there are few 'Arabs who
achieved the like of (good deeds) 'Amir had
done."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 510:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle reached Khaibar at night and it
was his habit that, whenever he reached the

enemy at night, he will not attack them till it was

morning. When it was morning, the Jews came
out with their spades and baskets, and when they
saw him(i.e. the Prophet ), they said,
"Muhammad! By Allah! Muhammad and his
army!" The Prophet said, "Khaibar is destroyed,
for whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to

fight), then evil will be the morning for those who

have been warned."
Narrated Anas bin Malik: We reached Khaibar
early in the morning and the inhabitants of
Khaibar came out carrying their spades, and
when they saw the Prophet they said,
"Muhammad! By Allah! Muhammad and his
army!" The Prophet said, "Allahu-Akbar!
Khaibar is destroyed, for whenever we approach

a (hostile) nation (to fight) then evil will be the

morning for those who have been warned." We
then got the meat of donkeys (and intended to
eat it), but an announcement was made by the
announcer of the Prophet, "Allah and His
Apostle forbid you to eat the meat of donkeys as
it is an impure thing."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 511:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Someone came to Allah's Apostles and said,
"The donkeys have been eaten (by the
Muslims)." The Prophet kept quiet. Then the man
came again and said, "The donkeys have been
eaten." The Prophet kept quiet. The man came to
him the third time and said, "The donkeys have
been consumed." On that the Prophet ordered an
announcer to announce to the people, "Allah and
His Apostle forbid you to eat the meat of
donkeys." Then the cooking pots were upset
while the meat was still boiling in them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 512:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet offered the Fajr Prayer near
Khaibar when it was still dark and then said,
"Allahu-Akbar! Khaibar is destroyed, for
whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to

fight), then evil will be the morning for those who

have been warned." Then the inhabitants of
Khaibar came out running on the roads. The

Prophet had their warriors killed, their offspring

and woman taken as captives. Safiya was
amongst the captives, She first came in the share
of Dahya Alkali but later on she belonged to the
Prophet . The Prophet made her manumission as
her 'Mahr'.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 513:
Narrated 'Abdul 'Aziz bin Suhaib:
Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet took Safiya
as a captive. He manumitted her and married
her." Thabit asked Anas, "What did he give her
as Mahr (i.e. marriage gift)?" Anas replied. "Her
Mahr was herself, for he manumitted her."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 514:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad As Saidi:
Allah's Apostle (and his army) encountered the
pagans and the two armies.,, fought and then
Allah's Apostle returned to his army camps and

the others (i.e. the enemy) returned to their army

camps. Amongst the companions of the Prophet
there was a man who could not help pursuing any

single isolated pagan to strike him with his sword.

Somebody said, "None has benefited the
Muslims today more than so-and-so." On that
Allah's Apostle said, "He is from the people of
the Hell-Fire certainly." A man amongst the
people (i.e. Muslims) said, "I will accompany him
(to know the fact)." So he went along with him,
and whenever he stopped he stopped with him,
and whenever he hastened, he hastened with him.
The (brave) man then got wounded severely, and
seeking to die at once, he planted his sword into
the ground and put its point against his chest in
between his breasts, and then threw himself on it
and committed suicide. On that the person (who
was accompanying the deceased all the time)
came to Allah's Apostle and said, "I testify that
you are the Apostle of Allah." The Prophet said,
"Why is that (what makes you say so)?" He said
"It is concerning the man whom you have already
mentioned as one of the dwellers of the
Hell-Fire. The people were surprised by your

statement, and I said to them, "I will try to find

out the truth about him for you." So I went out
after him and he was then inflicted with a severe
wound and because of that, he hurried to bring
death upon himself by planting the handle of his
sword into the ground and directing its tip
towards his chest between his breasts, and then
he threw himself over it and committed suicide."
Allah's Apostle then said, "A man may do what
seem to the people as the deeds of the dwellers
of Paradise but he is from the dwellers of the
Hell-Fire and another may do what seem to the
people as the deeds of the dwellers of the
Hell-Fire, but he is from the dwellers of
Paradise."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 515:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
We witnessed (the battle of) Khaibar. Allah's
Apostle said about one of those who were with
him and who claimed to be a Muslim. "This
(man) is from the dwellers of the Hell-Fire."
When the battle started, that fellow fought so
violently and bravely that he received plenty of
wounds. Some of the people were about to
doubt (the Prophet's statement), but the man,
feeling the pain of his wounds, put his hand into
his quiver and took out of it, some arrows with
which he slaughtered himself (i.e. committed
suicide). Then some men amongst the Muslims
came hurriedly and said, "O Allah's Apostle!
Allah has made your statement true so-and-so
has committed suicide. "The Prophet said, "O
so-and-so! Get up and make an announcement
that none but a believer will enter Paradise and
that Allah may support the religion with an
unchaste (evil) wicked man.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 516:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
When Allah's Apostle fought the battle of
Khaibar, or when Allah's Apostle went towards
it, (whenever) the people, (passed over a high
place overlooking a valley, they raised their
voices saying, "Allahu-Akbar! Allahu-Akbar!
None has the right to be worshipped except
Allah." On that Allah's Apostle said (to them),
"Lower your voices, for you are not calling a
deaf or an absent one, but you are calling a
Hearer Who is near and is with you." I was

behind the riding animal of Allah's Apostle and he

heard me saying. "There Is neither might, nor
power but with Allah," On that he said to me, "O
Abdullah bin Qais!" I said, "Labbaik. O Allah's
Apostle!" He said, "Shall I tell you a sentence

which is one of the treasures of Paradise" I said,

"Yes, O Allah's Apostle! Let my father and
mother be sacrificed for your sake." He said, "It
is: There is neither might nor power but with
Allah."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 517:
Narrated Yazid bin Abi Ubaid:

I saw the trace of a wound in Salama's leg. I said

to him, "O Abu Muslim! What is this wound?"
He said, "This was inflicted on me on the day of
Khaibar and the people said, 'Salama has been
wounded.' Then I went to the Prophet and he

puffed his saliva in it (i.e. the wound) thrice., and

since then I have not had any pain in it till this

hour."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 518:
Narrated Sahl:
During one of his Ghazawat, the Prophet
encountered the pagans, and the two armies
fought, and then each of them returned to their
army camps. Amongst the (army of the) Muslims
there was a man who would follow every pagan
separated from the army and strike him with his
sword. It was said, "O Allah's Apostle! None

has fought so satisfactorily as so-and-so (namely,

that brave Muslim). "The Prophet said, "He is
from the dwellers of the Hell-Fire." The people
said, "Who amongst us will be of the dwellers of

Paradise if this (man) is from the dwellers of the

Hell-Fire?" Then a man from amongst the people
said, "I will follow him and accompany him in his
fast and slow movements." The (brave) man got
wounded, and wanting to die at once, he put the
handle of his sword on the ground and its tip in
between his breasts, and then threw himself over
it, committing suicide. Then the man (who had
watched the deceased) returned to the Prophet

and said, "I testify that you are Apostle of Allah."

The Prophet said, "What is this?" The man told
him the whole story. The Prophet said, "A man
may do what may seem to the people as the

deeds of the dwellers of Paradise, but he is of the

dwellers of the Hell-Fire and a man may do what
may seem to the people as the deeds of the
dwellers of the Hell-Fire, but he is from the
dwellers of Paradise."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 519:
Narrated Abu Imran:
Anas looked at the people wearing Tailsans (i.e.
a special kind of head covering worn by Jews in
old days). On that Anas said, "At this moment
they (i.e. those people) look like the Jews of
Khaibar."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 520:
Narrated Salama:
Ali remained behind the Prophet during the
Ghazwa of Khaibar as he was suffering from eye
trouble. He then said, "(How can) I remain
behind the Prophet ," and followed him. So when
he slept on the night of the conquest of Khaibar,
the Prophet said, "I will give the flag tomorrow,
or tomorrow the flag will be taken by a man who
is loved by Allah and His Apostle , and
(Khaibar) will be conquered through him, (with
Allah's help)" While every one of us was hopeful

to have the flag, it was said, "Here is 'Ali" and the

Prophet gave him the flag and Khaibar was
conquered through him (with Allah's Help).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 521:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Apostle said,
"Tomorrow I will give this flag to a man through
whose hands Allah will give us victory. He loves
Allah and His Apostle, and he is loved by Allah
and His Apostle." The people remained that
night, wondering as to who would be given it. In
the morning the people went to Allah's Apostle
and everyone of them was hopeful to receive it

(i.e. the flag). The Prophet said, "Where is Ali bin

Abi Talib?" It was said, "He is suffering from eye

trouble O Allah's Apostle." He said, "Send for

him." 'Ali was brought and Allah's Apostle spat in

his eye and invoked good upon him. So 'Ali was
cured as if he never had any trouble. Then the
Prophet gave him the flag. 'Ali said "O Allah's
Apostle! I will fight with them till they become
like us." Allah's Apostle said, "Proceed and do
not hurry. When you enter their territory, call
them to embrace Islam and inform them of
Allah's Rights which they should observe, for by

Allah, even if a single man is led on the right path

(of Islam) by Allah through you, then that will be

better for you than the nice red camels.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 522:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
We arrived at Khaibar, and when Allah helped

His Apostle to open the fort, the beauty of Safiya

bint Huyai bin Akhtaq whose husband had been
killed while she was a bride, was mentioned to
Allah's Apostle. The Prophet selected her for
himself, and set out with her, and when we
reached a place called Sidd-as-Sahba,' Safiya
became clean from her menses then Allah's
Apostle married her. Hais (i.e. an 'Arabian dish)
was prepared on a small leather mat. Then the
Prophet said to me, "I invite the people around
you." So that was the marriage banquet of the
Prophet and Safiya. Then we proceeded
towards Medina, and I saw the Prophet, making
for her a kind of cushion with his cloak behind
him (on his camel). He then sat beside his camel

and put his knee for Safiya to put her foot on, in

order to ride (on the camel).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 523:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet stayed with Safiya bint Huyai for
three days on the way of Khaibar where he
consummated his marriage with her. Safiya was
amongst those who were ordered to use a veil.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 524:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet stayed for three rights between
Khaibar and Medina and was married to Safiya.
I invited the Muslim to h s marriage banquet and
there wa neither meat nor bread in that banquet
but the Prophet ordered Bilal to spread the
leather mats on which dates, dried yogurt and
butter were put. The Muslims said amongst
themselves, "Will she (i.e. Safiya) be one of the

mothers of the believers, (i.e. one of the wives of

the Prophet ) or just (a lady captive) of what his

right-hand possesses" Some of them said, "If the
Prophet makes her observe the veil, then she will

be one of the mothers of the believers (i.e. one of

the Prophet's wives), and if he does not make
her observe the veil, then she will be his lady
slave." So when he departed, he made a place
for her behind him (on his and made her observe
the veil.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 525:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
While we were besieging Khaibar, a person
threw a leather container containing some fat and
I ran to take it. Suddenly I looked behind, and
behold! The Prophet was there. So I felt shy (to
take it then).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 526:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
On the day of Khaiber, Allah's Apostle forbade
the eating of garlic and the meat of donkeys.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 527:
Narrated 'Ali bin Abi Talib:
On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Apostle forbade
the Mut'a (i.e. temporary marriage) and the
eating of donkey-meat.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 528:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Apostle forbade
the eating of donkey meat.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 529:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade the eating of
donkey-meat.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 530:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Apostle forbade
the eating of donkey meat and allowed the eating
of horse meat.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 531:
Narrated Ibn Abi Aufa:
We where afflicted with severe hunger on the
day of Khaibar. While the cooking pots were
boiling and some of the food was well-cooked,
the announcer of the Prophet came to say, "Do
not eat anything the donkey-meat and upset the
cooking pots." We then thought that the Prophet
had prohibited such food because the Khumus
had not been taken out of it. Some others said,
"He prohibited the meat of donkeys from the
point of view of principle, because donkeys used
to eat dirty things."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 532:
Narrated Al-Bara and 'Abdullah bin Abl Aufa:
That when they were in the company of the
Prophet, they got some donkeys which they
(slaughtered and) cooked. Then the announcer of
the Prophet said, "Turn the cooking pots upside
down (i.e. throw out the meat)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 533:
Narrated Al-Bara' and Ibn Abi Aufa:
On the day of Khaibar when the cooking pots
were put on the fire, the Prophet said, "Turn the
cooking pots upside down."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 534:
Narrated Al-Bara:
We took part in a Ghazwa with the Prophet
(same as Hadith No. 533).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 535:
Narrated Al-Bara Bin Azib:
During the Ghazwa of Khaibar, the Prophet
ordered us to throw away the meat of the
donkeys whether it was still raw or cooked. He
did not allow us to eat it later on.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 536:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
I do not know whether the Prophet forbade the
eating of donkey-meat (temporarily) because
they were the beasts of burden for the people,

and he disliked that their means of transportation

should be lost, or he forbade it on the day of
Khaibar permanently.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 537:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Apostle divided
(the war booty of Khaibar) with the ratio of two
shares for the horse and one-share for the foot
soldier. (The sub-narrator, Nafi' explained this,
saying, "If a man had a horse, he was given three
shares and if he had no horse, then he was given
one share.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 538:
Narrated Jubair bin Mutim:
Uthman bin 'Affan and I went to the Prophet and
said, "You had given Banu Al-Muttalib from the
Khumus of Khaibar's booty and left us in spite of
the fact that we and Banu Al-Muttalib are

similarly related to you." The Prophet said, "Banu

Hashim and Banu Al-Muttalib only are one and
the same." So the Prophet did not give anything
to Banu Abd Shams and Banu Nawfal.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 539:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The news of the migration of the Prophet (from
Mecca to Medina) reached us while we were in
Yemen. So we set out as emigrants towards him.
We were (three) I and my two brothers. I was
the youngest of them, and one of the two was
Abu Burda, and the other, Abu Ruhm, and our
total number was either 53 or 52 men from my
people. We got on board a boat and our boat
took us to Negus in Ethiopia. There we met
Ja'far bin Abi Talib and stayed with him. Then
we all came (to Medina) and met the Prophet at
the time of the conquest of Khaibar. Some of the
people used to say to us, namely the people of
the ship, "We have migrated before you." Asma'
bint 'Umais who was one of those who had come
with us, came as a visitor to Hafsa, the wife the
Prophet . She had migrated along with those
other Muslims who migrated to Negus. 'Umar
came to Hafsa while Asma' bint 'Umais was with
her. 'Umar, on seeing Asma,' said, "Who is this?"
She said, "Asma' bint 'Umais," 'Umar said, "Is
she the Ethiopian? Is she the sea-faring lady?"
Asma' replied, "Yes." 'Umar said, "We have
migrated before you (people of the boat), so we
have got more right than you over Allah's
Apostle " On that Asma' became angry and said,
"No, by Allah, while you were with Allah's
Apostle who was feeding the hungry ones
amongst you, and advised the ignorant ones
amongst you, we were in the far-off hated land of

Ethiopia, and all that was for the sake of Allah's

Apostle . By Allah, I will neither eat any food nor

drink anything till I inform Allah's Apostle of all

that you have said. There we were harmed and

frightened. I will mention this to the Prophet and

will not tell a lie or curtail your saying or add
something to it." So when the Prophet came, she
said, "O Allah's Prophet 'Umar has said
so-and-so." He said (to Asma'), "What did you
say to him?" Asma's aid, "I told him so-and-so."
The Prophet said, "He (i.e. 'Umar) has not got
more right than you people over me, as he and
his companions have (the reward of) only one
migration, and you, the people of the boat, have
(the reward of) two migrations." Asma' later on
said, "I saw Abu Musa and the other people of
the boat coming to me in successive groups,
asking me about this narration,, and to them
nothing in the world was more cheerful and
greater than what the Prophet had said about
them."
Narrated Abu Burda: Asma' said, "I saw Abu
Musa requesting me to repeat this narration again
and again."
Narrated Abu Burda: Abu Musa said, "The
Prophet said, "I recognize the voice of the group
of Al-Ashariyun, when they recite the Qur'an,
when they enter their homes at night, and I
recognize their houses by (listening) to their
voices when they are reciting the Qur'an at night
although I have not seen their houses when they
came to them during the day time. Amongst them
is Hakim who, on meeting the cavalry or the
enemy, used to say to them (i.e. the enemy). My
companions order you to wait for them.' "
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 540:
Narrated Abu Musa:
We came upon the Prophet after he had
conquered Khaibar. He then gave us a share
(from the booty), but apart from us he did not
give to anybody else who did not attend the
Conquest.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 541:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
When we conquered Khaibar, we gained neither
gold nor silver as booty, but we gained cows,
camels, goods and gardens. Then we departed

with Allah's Apostle to the valley of Al-Qira, and

at that time Allah's Apostle had a slave called
Mid'am who had been presented to him by one
of Banu Ad-Dibbab. While the slave was
dismounting the saddle of Allah's Apostle an
arrow the thrower of which was unknown, came
and hit him. The people said, "Congratulations to
him for the martyrdom." Allah's Apostle said,
"No, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, the

sheet (of cloth) which he had taken (illegally) on

the day of Khaibar from the booty before the
distribution of the booty, has become a flame of
Fire burning him." On hearing that, a man brought
one or two leather straps of shoes to the Prophet

and said, "These are things I took (illegally)." On

that Allah's Apostle said, "This is a strap, or
these are two straps of Fire."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 542:
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, were I not
afraid that the other Muslims might be left in
poverty, I would divide (the land of) whatever

village I may conquer (among the fighters), as the

Prophet divided the land of Khaibar. But I prefer

to leave it as a (source of) a common treasury for

them to distribute it revenue amongst themselves.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 543:
Narrated 'Umar:
But for the other Muslims (i.e. coming
generations) I would divide (the land of)
whatever villages the Muslims might conquer
(among the fighters), as the Prophet divided (the
land of) Khaibar.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 544:
Narrated 'Anbasa bin Said:
Abu Huraira came to the Prophet and asked him
(for a share from the Khaibar booty). On that,
one of the sons of Said bin Al-'As said to him,
"O Allah's Apostle! Do not give him." Abu
Huraira then said (to the Prophet ) "This is the
murderer of Ibn Qauqal." Sa'id's son said, "How
strange! A guinea pig coming from Qadum
Ad-Dan!"
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle sent
Aban from Medina to Najd as the commander of
a Sariya. Aban and his companions came to the
Prophet at Khaibar after the Prophet had
conquered it, and the reins of their horses were
made of the fire of date palm trees. I said, "O
Allah's Apostle! Do not give them a share of the
booty." on, that, Aban said (to me), "Strange!
You suggest such a thing though you are what
you are, O guinea pig coming down from the top
of Ad-Dal (a lotus tree)! "On that the Prophet
said, "O Aban, sit down ! " and did not give them
any share.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 545:
Narrated Said:
Aban bin Said came to the Prophet and greeted
him. Abu Huraira said, "O Allah's Apostle! This
(Aban) is the murderer of the Ibn Qauqal." (On
hearing that), Aban said to Abu Huraira, "How
strange your saying is! You, a guinea pig,
descending from Qadum Dan, blaming me for
(killing) a person whom Allah favored (with
martyrdom) with my hand, and whom He
forbade to degrade me with his hand.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 546:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Fatima the daughter of the Prophet sent someone
to Abu Bakr (when he was a caliph), asking for

her inheritance of what Allah's Apostle had left of

the property bestowed on him by Allah from the

Fai (i.e. booty gained without fighting) in Medina,

and Fadak, and what remained of the Khumus of
the Khaibar booty. On that, Abu Bakr said,
"Allah's Apostle said, "Our property is not
inherited. Whatever we leave, is Sadaqa, but the
family of (the Prophet) Muhammad can eat of
this property.' By Allah, I will not make any
change in the state of the Sadaqa of Allah's
Apostle and will leave it as it was during the

lifetime of Allah's Apostle, and will dispose of it

as Allah's Apostle used to do." So Abu Bakr

refused to give anything of that to Fatima. So she

became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away
from him, and did not task to him till she died.
She remained alive for six months after the death
of the Prophet. When she died, her husband 'Ali,
buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr
and he said the funeral prayer by himself. When
Fatima was alive, the people used to respect 'Ali
much, but after her death, 'Ali noticed a change
in the people's attitude towards him. So Ali
sought reconciliation with Abu Bakr and gave
him an oath of allegiance. 'Ali had not given the
oath of allegiance during those months (i.e. the
period between the Prophet's death and Fatima's
death). 'Ali sent someone to Abu Bakr saying,
"Come to us, but let nobody come with you," as
he disliked that 'Umar should come, 'Umar said
(to Abu Bakr), "No, by Allah, you shall not enter
upon them alone " Abu Bakr said, "What do you
think they will do to me? By Allah, I will go to
them' So Abu Bakr entered upon them, and then
'Ali uttered Tashah-hud and said (to Abu Bakr),
"We know well your superiority and what Allah
has given you, and we are not jealous of the
good what Allah has bestowed upon you, but

you did not consult us in the question of the rule

and we thought that we have got a right in it
because of our near relationship to Allah's
Apostle ."
Thereupon Abu Bakr's eyes flowed with tears.
And when Abu Bakr spoke, he said, "By Him in
Whose Hand my soul is to keep good relations

with the relatives of Allah's Apostle is dearer to

me than to keep good relations with my own
relatives. But as for the trouble which arose
between me and you about his property, I will do
my best to spend it according to what is good,
and will not leave any rule or regulation which I

saw Allah's Apostle following, in disposing of it,

but I will follow." On that 'Ali said to Abu Bakr,

"I promise to give you the oath of allegiance in
this after noon." So when Abu Bakr had offered
the Zuhr prayer, he ascended the pulpit and
uttered the Tashah-hud and then mentioned the
story of 'Ali and his failure to give the oath of
allegiance, and excused him, accepting what
excuses he had offered; Then 'Ali (got up) and
praying (to Allah) for forgiveness, he uttered
Tashah-hud, praised Abu Bakr's right, and said,
that he had not done what he had done because
of jealousy of Abu Bakr or as a protest of that
Allah had favored him with. 'Ali added, "But we
used to consider that we too had some right in
this affair (of rulership) and that he (i.e. Abu
Bakr) did not consult us in this matter, and

therefore caused us to feel sorry." On that all the

Muslims became happy and said, "You have
done the right thing." The Muslims then became
friendly with 'Ali as he returned to what the

people had done (i.e. giving the oath of allegiance

to Abu Bakr).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 547:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When Khaibar was conquered, we said, "Now
we will eat our fill of dates!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 548:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
We did not eat our fill except after we had
conquered Khaibar.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 549:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle appointed a man as the ruler of
Khaibar who later brought some Janib (i.e. dates
of good quality) to the Prophet. On that, Allah's
Apostle said (to him). "Are all the dates of
Khaibar like this?" He said, "No, by Allah, O
Allah's Apostle! But we take one Sa of these
(dates of good quality) for two or three Sa's of

other dates (of inferior quality)." On that, Allah's

Apostle said, "Do not do so, but first sell the

inferior quality dates for money and then with that

money, buy Janib." Abu Said and Abu Huraira
said, "The Prophet made the brother of Bani Adi
from the Ansar as the ruler of Khaibar.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 550:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The Prophet gave (the land of) Khaibar to the
Jews (of Khaibar) on condition that they would
work on it and cultivate it and they would have
half of its yield.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 551:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
When Khaibar was conquered, a (cooked)
sheep containing poison, was given as a present
to Allah's Apostle
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 552:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle appointed Usama bin Zaid as the
commander of some people. Those people
criticized his leadership. The Prophet said, "If
you speak ill of his leadership, you have already
spoken ill of his father's leadership before. By
Allah, he deserved to be a Commander, and he
was one of the most beloved persons to me and
now this (i.e. Usama) is one of the most beloved
persons to me after him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 553:
Narrated Al-Bara:
When the Prophet went out for the 'Umra in the
month of Dhal-Qa'da, the people of Mecca did
not allow him to enter Mecca till he agreed to
conclude a peace treaty with them by virtue of
which he would stay in Mecca for three days
only (in the following year). When the agreement

was being written, the Muslims wrote: "This is the

peace treaty, which Muhammad, Apostle of
Allah has concluded."
The infidels said (to the Prophet), "We do not
agree with you on this, for if we knew that you
are Apostle of Allah we would not have
prevented you for anything (i.e. entering Mecca,
etc.), but you are Muhammad, the son of

'Abdullah." Then he said to 'Ali, "Erase (the name

of) 'Apostle of Allah'." 'Ali said, "No, by Allah, I

will never erase you (i.e. your name)." Then
Allah's Apostle took the writing sheet...and he
did not know a better writing..and he wrote or
got it the following written! "This is the peace
treaty which Muhammad, the son of 'Abdullah,
has concluded: "Muhammad should not bring
arms into Mecca except sheathed swords, and
should not take with him any person of the
people of Mecca even if such a person wanted
to follow him, and if any of his companions wants
to stay in Mecca, he should not forbid him."
(In the next year) when the Prophet entered
Mecca and the allowed period of stay elapsed,
the infidels came to Ali and said "Tell your
companion (Muhammad) to go out, as the
allowed period of his stay has finished." So the
Prophet departed (from Mecca) and the
daughter of Hamza followed him shouting "O
Uncle, O Uncle!" Ali took her by the hand and
said to Fatima, "Take the daughter of your
uncle." So she made her ride (on her horse).
(When they reached Medina) 'Ali, Zaid and

Ja'far quarreled about her. 'Ali said, "I took her

for she is the daughter of my uncle." Ja'far said,

"She is the daughter of my uncle and her aunt is
my wife." Zaid said, "She is the daughter of my
brother." On that, the Prophet gave her to her
aunt and said, "The aunt is of the same status as
the mother." He then said to 'Ali, "You are from
me, and I am from you," and said to Ja'far, "You
resemble me in appearance and character," and
said to Zaid, "You are our brother and our freed
slave." 'Ali said to the Prophet 'Won't you marry
the daughter of Hamza?" The Prophet said, "She
is the daughter of my foster brother."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 554:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle set out with the intention of
performing 'Umra, but the infidels of Quraish
intervened between him and the Ka'ba, so the
Prophet slaughtered his Hadi (i.e. sacrificing
animals and shaved his head at Al-Hudaibiya and
concluded a peace treaty with them (i.e. the
infidels) on condition that he would perform the
'Umra the next year and that he would not carry
arms against them except swords, and would not
stay (in Mecca) more than what they would
allow. So the Prophet performed the 'Umra in
the following year and according to the peace
treaty, he entered Mecca, and when he had
stayed there for three days, the infidels ordered
him to leave, and he left.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 555:
Narrated Mujahid:
'Urwa and I entered the Mosque and found
'Abdullah bin 'Umar sitting beside the dwelling
place of 'Aisha. 'Urwa asked (Ibn 'Umar), "How
many 'Umras did the Prophet perform?" Ibn
'Umar replied, "Four, one of which was in
Rajab." Then we heard 'Aisha brushing her teeth
whereupon 'Urwa said, "O mother of the
believers! Don't you hear what Abu
'Abdur-Rahman is saying? He is saying that the
Prophet performed four 'Umra, one of which
was in Rajab." 'Aisha said, "The Prophet did not
perform any 'Umra but he (i.e. Ibn 'Umar)
witnessed it. And he (the Prophet ) never did any
'Umra in (the month of) Rajab."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 556:
Narrated Ibn Abi Aufa:
When Allah's Apostle performed the 'Umra
(which he performed in the year following the
treaty of Al-Hudaibiya) we were screening
Allah's Apostle from the infidels and their boys
lest they should harm him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 557:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When Allah's Apostle and his companions
arrived (at Mecca), the pagans said, "There have
come to you a group of people who have been
weakened by the fever of Yathrib (i.e. Medina)."
So the Prophet ordered his companions to do

Ramal (i.e. fast walking) in the first three rounds

of Tawaf around the Ka'ba and to walk in
between the two corners (i.e. the black stone
and the Yemenite corner). The only cause which
prevented the Prophet from ordering them to do
Ramal in all the rounds of Tawaf, was that he
pitied them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 558:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet hastened in going around the Ka'ba
and between the Safa and Marwa in order to
show the pagans his strength. Ibn 'Abbas added,
"When the Prophet arrived (at Mecca) in the
year of peace (following that of Al-Hudaibiya
treaty with the pagans of Mecca), he (ordered
his companions) to do Ramal in order to show
their strength to the pagans and the pagans were
watching (the Muslims) from (the hill of)
Quaiqan.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 559:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet married Maimuna while he was in
the state of lhram but he consummated that
marriage after finishing that state. Maimuna died
at Saraf (i.e. a place near Mecca). Ibn 'Abbas
added, The Prophet married Maimuna during the
'Umrat-al-Qada' (i.e. the 'Umra performed in lieu
of the 'Umra which the Prophet could not
perform because the pagans, prevented him to
perform that 'Umra)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 560:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn 'Umar informed me that on the day (of
Mu'tah) he stood beside Ja'far who was dead
(i.e. killed in the battle), and he counted fifty
wounds in his body, caused by stabs or strokes,
and none of those wounds was in his back.
'Abdullah bin 'Umar said, "Allah's Apostle
appointed Zaid bin Haritha as the commander of
the army during the Ghazwa of Mu'tah and said,
"If Zaid is martyred, Ja'far should take over his

position, and if Ja'far is martyred, 'Abdullah bin

Rawaha should take over his position.' "
'Abdulla-h bin 'Umar further said, "I was present
amongst them in that battle and we searched for
Ja'far bin Abi Talib and found his body amongst
the bodies of the martyred ones, and found over
ninety wounds over his body, caused by stabs or
shots (of arrows).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 561:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet had informed the people of the
martyrdom of Zaid, Ja'far and Ibn Rawaha
before the news of their death reached. The
Prophet said, "Zaid took the flag (as the
commander of the army) and was martyred, then
Ja'far took it and was martyred, and then Ibn
Rawaha took it and was martyred." At that time
the Prophet's eyes were shedding tears. He
added, "Then the flag was taken by a Sword
amongst the Swords of Allah (i.e. Khalid) and
Allah made them (i.e. the Muslims) victorious."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 562:
Narrated 'Amra:
I heard 'Aisha saying, "When the news of the
martyrdom of Ibn Haritha, Ja'far bin Abi Talib
and 'Abdullah bin Rawaka reached, Allah's
Apostle sat with sorrow explicit on his face."
'Aisha added, "I was then peeping through a
chink in the door. A man came to him and said,
"O Allah's Apostle! The women of Ja'far are
crying.' Thereupon the Prophet told him to forbid
them to do so. So the man went away and
returned saying, "I forbade them but they did not
listen to me." The Prophet ordered him again to
go (and forbid them). He went again and came
saying, 'By Allah, they overpowered me (i.e. did

not listen to me)." 'Aisha said that Allah's Apostle

said (to him), "Go and throw dust into their
mouths." Aisha added, "I said, May Allah put
your nose in the dust! By Allah, neither have you
done what you have been ordered, nor have you
relieved Allah's Apostle from trouble."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 563:
Narrated 'Amir:
Whenever Ibn 'Umar greeted the son of Ja'far,
he used to say (to him), "Assalam 'Alaika (i.e.
peace be on you) O the son of two-winged
person."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 564:
Narrated Khalid bin Al-Walid:
On the day (of the battle of) Mu'tah, nine swords
were broken in my hand, and nothing was left in
my hand except a Yemenite sword of mine.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 565:
Narrated Khalid bin Al-Walid:
On the day of Mu'tah, nine swords were broken
in my hand and only a Yemenite sword of mine
remained in my hand.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 566:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:
Abdullah bin Rawaha fell down unconscious and
his sister 'Amra started crying and was saying
loudly, "O Jabala! Oh so-and-so! Oh so-and-so!
and went on calling him by his (good ) qualities
one by one). When he came to his senses, he
said (to his sister), "When-ever you said
something, I was asked, 'Are you really so (i.e.
as she says)?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 567:
Narrated Ash Shabi:
An Nu'man bin Bashir said, "Abdullah bin
Rawaha fell down unconscious.." (and mentioned
the above Hadith adding, "Thereupon, when he

died she (i.e. his sister) did not weep over him."

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 568:
Narrated Usama bin Zaid:
Allah's Apostle sent us towards Al-Huruqa, and
in the morning we attacked them and defeated
them. I and an Ansari man followed a man from
among them and when we took him over, he
said, "La ilaha illal-Lah." On hearing that, the
Ansari man stopped, but I killed him by stabbing
him with my spear. When we returned, the
Prophet came to know about that and he said,
"O Usama! Did you kill him after he had said "La
ilaha ilal-Lah?" I said, "But he said so only to
save himself." The Prophet kept on repeating that
so often that I wished I had not embraced Islam
before that day.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 569:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:

I fought in seven Ghazwat (i.e. battles) along with

the Prophet and fought in nine battles, fought by
armies dispatched by the Prophet. Once Abu
Bakr was our commander and at another time,
Usama was our commander.
Narrated Salama in another narration: I fought
seven Ghazwat (i.e. battles) along with the

Prophet and also fought in nine battles, fought by

armies sent by the Prophet . Once Abu Bakr
was our commander and another time, Usama
was (our commander).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 570:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:
I fought in nine Ghazwa-t along with the Prophet,
I also fought along with Ibn Haritha when the
Prophet made him our commander.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 571:
Narrated Yazid bin Abi Ubaid:
Salama bin Al-Akwa' said, "I fought in seven
Ghazwat along with the Prophet." He then
mentioned Khaibar, Al-Hudaibiya, the day (i.e.
battle) of Hunain and the day of Al-Qurad. I
forgot the names of the other Ghazwat.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 572:
Narrated 'Ali:
Allah's Apostle sent me, Az-Zubair and
Al-Miqdad saying, "Proceed till you reach
Rawdat Khakh where there is a lady carrying a
letter, and take that (letter) from her." So we
proceeded on our way with our horses galloping
till we reached the Rawda, and there we found
the lady and said to her, "Take out the letter."
She said, "I have no letter." We said, "Take out

the letter, or else we will take off your clothes."

So she took it out of her braid, and we brought
the letter to Allah's Apostle . The letter was
addressed from Hatib, bin Abi Balta'a to some
pagans of Mecca, telling them about what Allah's
Apostle intended to do. Allah's Apostle said, "O
Hatib! What is this?" Hatib replied, "O Allah's
Apostle! Do not make a hasty decision about
me. I was a person not belonging to Quraish but
I was an ally to them from outside and had no
blood relation with them, and all the Emigrants
who were with you, have got their kinsmen (in
Mecca) who can protect their families and
properties. So I liked to do them a favor so that
they might protect my relatives as I have no
blood relation with them. I did not do this to
renegade from my religion (i.e. Islam) nor did I
do it to choose Heathenism after Islam." Allah's
Apostle said to his companions." As regards him,

he (i.e. Hatib) has told you the truth." 'Umar said,

"O Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop off the
head of this hypocrite!" The Prophet said, "He
(i.e. Hatib) has witnessed the Badr battle (i.e.
fought in it) and what could tell you, perhaps
Allah looked at those who witnessed Badr and
said, "O the people of Badr (i.e. Badr Muslim
warriors), do what you like, for I have forgiven
you. "Then Allah revealed the Sura:--
"O you who believe! Take not my enemies And
your enemies as friends offering them (Your) love
even though they have disbelieved in that Truth
(i.e. Allah, Prophet Muhammad and this Quran)
which has come to you ....(to the end of
Verse)....(And whosoever of you (Muslims)
does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray
(away) from the Straight Path." (60.1
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 573:
Narrated Ubaidullah bin Abdullah bin 'Utba:
Ibn Abbas said, Allah's Apostle fought the
Ghazwa (i.e. battles of Al-Fath during
Ramadan."
Narrated Az-Zuhri: Ibn Al-Musaiyab (also) said
the same. Ibn Abbas added, "The Prophet fasted
and when he reached Al-Kadid, a place where
there is water between Kudaid and 'Usfan, he

broke his fast and did not fast afterwards till the

whole month had passed away.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 574:
Narrated Ibn Abbas :
The Prophet left Medina (for Mecca) in the
company of ten-thousand (Muslim warriors) in
(the month of) Ramadan, and that was eight and

a half years after his migration to Medina. He and

the Muslims who were with him, proceeded on
their way to Mecca. He was fasting and they
were fasting, but when they reached a place
called Al-Kadid which was a place of water
between 'Usfan and Kudaid, he broke his fast
and so did they. (Az-Zuhri said, "One should
take the last action of Allah's Apostle and leave
his early action (while taking a verdict.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 575:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle set out towards Hunain in the
month of Ramadan and some of the people were
fasting while some others were not fasting, and
when the Prophet mounted his she-camel, he

asked for a tumbler of milk or water and put it on

the palm of his hand or on his she-camel and then
the people looked at him; and those who were
not fasting told those who were fasting, to break
their fast (i.e. as the Prophet had done so). Ibn
Abbas added, "The Prophet went (to Hunain) in
the year of the Conquest (of Mecca)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 576:
Narrated Tawus:
Ibn Abbas said, "Allah's Apostle travelled in the
month of Ramadan and he fasted till he reached
(a place called) 'Usfan, then he asked for a
tumbler of water and drank it by the daytime so
that the people might see him. He broke his fast
till he reached Mecca." Ibn Abbas used to say,
"Allah's Apostle fasted and sometimes did not
fast while traveling, so one may fast or may not
(on journeys)"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 577:
Narrated Hisham's father:
When Allah's Apostle set out (towards Mecca)
during the year of the Conquest (of Mecca) and
this news reached (the infidels of Quraish), Abu
Sufyan, Hakim bin Hizam and Budail bin Warqa
came out to gather information about Allah's
Apostle , They proceeded on their way till they
reached a place called Marr-az-Zahran (which is
near Mecca). Behold! There they saw many fires
as if they were the fires of Arafat. Abu Sufyan
said, "What is this? It looked like the fires of
Arafat." Budail bin Warqa' said, "Banu 'Amr are
less in number than that." Some of the guards of
Allah's Apostle saw them and took them over,
caught them and brought them to Allah's Apostle.
Abu Sufyan embraced Islam.
When the Prophet proceeded, he said to
Al-Abbas, "Keep Abu Sufyan standing at the top
of the mountain so that he would look at the
Muslims. So Al-'Abbas kept him standing (at

that place) and the tribes with the Prophet started

passing in front of Abu Sufyan in military batches.

A batch passed and Abu Sufyan said, "O 'Abbas
Who are these?" 'Abbas said, "They are (Banu)
Ghifar." Abu Sufyan said, I have got nothing to
do with Ghifar." Then (a batch of the tribe of)
Juhaina passed by and he said similarly as above.
Then (a batch of the tribe of) Sad bin Huzaim
passed by and he said similarly as above. then
(Banu) Sulaim passed by and he said similarly as
above. Then came a batch, the like of which Abu
Sufyan had not seen. He said, "Who are these?"
Abbas said, "They are the Ansar headed by Sad
bin Ubada, the one holding the flag." Sad bin
Ubada said, "O Abu Sufyan! Today is the day of
a great battle and today (what is prohibited in)
the Ka'ba will be permissible." Abu Sufyan said.,
"O 'Abbas! How excellent the day of destruction
is! "Then came another batch (of warriors) which

was the smallest of all the batches, and in it there

was Allah's Apostle and his companions and the
flag of the Prophet was carried by Az-Zubair bin
Al Awwam. When Allah's Apostle passed by

Abu Sufyan, the latter said, (to the Prophet), "Do

you know what Sad bin 'Ubada said?" The
Prophet said, "What did he say?" Abu Sufyan
said, "He said so-and-so." The Prophet said,
"Sad told a lie, but today Allah will give
superiority to the Ka'ba and today the Ka'ba will
be covered with a (cloth) covering." Allah's
Apostle ordered that his flag be fixed at
Al-Hajun.
Narrated 'Urwa: Nafi bin Jubair bin Mut'im said,
"I heard Al-Abbas saying to Az-Zubair bin
Al-'Awwam, 'O Abu 'Abdullah ! Did Allah's

Apostle order you to fix the flag here?' " Allah's

Apostle ordered Khalid bin Al-Walid to enter
Mecca from its upper part from Ka'da while the
Prophet himself entered from Kuda. Two men
from the cavalry of Khalid bin Al-Wahd named
Hubaish bin Al-Ash'ar and Kurz bin Jabir
Al-Fihri were martyred on that day.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 578:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
I saw Allah's Apostle on the day of the Conquest
of Mecca over his she-camel, reciting
Surat-al-Fath in a vibrant quivering tone. (The
sub-narrator, Mu'awiya added, "Were I not
afraid that the people may gather around me, I

would recite in vibrant quivering tone as he (i.e.

'Abdullah bin Mughaffal) did, imitating Allah's
Apostle.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 579:
Narrated 'Amr bin 'Uthman:
Usama bin Zaid said during the Conquest (of
Mecca), "O Allah's Apostle! Where will we
encamp tomorrow?" The Prophet said, "But has
'Aqil left for us any house to lodge in?" He then
added, "No believer will inherit an infidel's

property, and no infidel will inherit the property

of a believer." Az-Zuhri was asked, "Who
inherited Abu Talib?" Az-Zuhri replied, "Ail and
Talib inherited him."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 580:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "If Allah makes us
victorious, our encamping place will be Al-Khaif,
the place where the infidels took an oath to be
loyal to Heathenism (by boycotting Banu
Hashim, the Prophet's folk)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 581:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
When Allah's Apostle intended to carry on the
Ghazwa of Hunain, he said, "Tomorrow, if Allah
wished, our encamping) plaice will be Khaif Bani
Kinana where (the infidels) took an oath to be
loyal to Heathenism."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 582:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
On the day of the Conquest, the Prophet entered
Mecca, wearing a helmet on his head. When he
took it off, a man came and said, "Ibn Khatal is

clinging to the curtain of the Ka'ba." The Prophet

said, "Kill him." (Malik a sub-narrator said, "On
that day the Prophet was not in a state of Ihram
as it appeared to us, and Allah knows better.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 583:
Narrated Abdullah:
When the Prophet entered Mecca on the day of
the Conquest, there were 360 idols around the
Ka'ba. The Prophet started striking them with a
stick he had in his hand and was saying, "Truth

has come and Falsehood will neither start nor will

it reappear.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 584:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When Allah's Apostle arrived in Mecca, he
refused to enter the Ka'ba while there were idols
in it. So he ordered that they be taken out. The
pictures of the (Prophets) Abraham and Ishmael,
holding arrows of divination in their hands, were
carried out. The Prophet said, "May Allah ruin
them (i.e. the infidels) for they knew very well
that they (i.e. Abraham and Ishmael) never drew
lots by these (divination arrows). Then the
Prophet entered the Ka'ba and said. "Allahu
Akbar" in all its directions and came out and not
offer any prayer therein.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 585:
Narrated 'Aisha:
During the year of the Conquest (of Mecca), the
Prophet entered Mecca through Kada which
was at the upper part of Mecca.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 586:
Narrated Hisham's father:
During the year of the Conquest (of Mecca), the
Prophet entered Mecca through its upper part
through Kada.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 587:
Narrated Ibn Laila:
None informed us that he saw the Prophet
offering the Duha (i.e. forenoon) prayer, except
Um Ham who mentioned that the Prophet took a
bath in her house on the day of the Conquest (of
Mecca) and then offered an eight Rakat prayer.
She added, "I never saw the Prophet offering a
lighter prayer than that prayer, but he was
performing perfect bowing and prostrations."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 588:
Narrated Ibn Abbas :
'Umar used to admit me (into his house) along
with the old men who had fought in the Badr
battle. Some of them said (to 'Umar), "Why do
you allow this young man to enter with us, while
we have sons of his own age? " 'Umar said, "You
know what person he is." One day 'Umar called
them and called me along with them, I had
thought he called me on that day to show them
something about me (i.e. my knowledge). 'Umar
asked them, "What do you say about (the Sura):
"When comes the help of Allah and the Conquest
(of Mecca) And you see mankind entering the
Religion of Allah (i.e. Islam) in crowds. 'So
celebrate the Praises Of your Lord and ask for
His forgiveness, Truly, He is the One Who
accepts repentance and forgives." (110.1-3)
Some of them replied, "We are ordered to praise
Allah and repent to Him if we are helped and
granted victory." Some said, "We do not know."
Others kept quiet. 'Umar then said to me, "Do
you say similarly?" I said, "No." 'Umar said
"What do you say then?" I said, "This Verse
indicates the approaching of the death of Allah's
Apostle of which Allah informed him. When
comes the help of Allah and the Conquest, i.e.
the Conquest of Mecca, that will be the sign of
your Prophet's) approaching death, so testify the
uniqueness of your Lord (i.e. Allah) and praise
Him and repent to Him as He is ready to
forgive." On that, 'Umar said, "I do not know
about it anything other than what you know."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 589:
Narrated Abu Shuraih:
Al-Adawi that he said to 'Amr bin Said while the
latter was sending troops in batches to Mecca,
"O chief! Allow me to tell you a statement which
Allah's Apostle said on the second day of the
Conquest of Mecca. My two ears heard it and
my heart remembered it and my two eyes saw

him when he said it. He (i.e. the Prophet) praised

Allah and then said, 'Mecca has been made a

sanctuary by Allah and not by the people, so it is

not lawful for a person, who believes in Allah and

the Last Day to shed blood in it, or to cut its
trees and if someone asks the permission to fight
in Mecca because Allah's Apostle was allowed
to fight in it, say to him; Allah permitted His
Apostle and did not allow you, and even he (i.e.
the Apostle) was allowed for a short period of
the day, and today its (Mecca's sanctity has
become the same as it was before (of old) so
those who are present should inform those who
are absent (this Hadith)." Then Abu Shuraih, was
asked, "What did 'Amr say to you? Abu Shuraih
said, "He said, "I knew that better than you, O
Abu Shuraih! The Haram (i.e. Mecca) does not

give refuge to a sinner or a fleeing murderer or a

person running away after causing destruction."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 590:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
That he heard Allah's Apostle saying in the year
of the Conquest (of Mecca) while he was in
Mecca, "Allah and His Apostle have made the

selling of wine (i.e. alcoholic drinks) unlawful."

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 591:
Narrated Anas:
We stayed (in Mecca) for ten days along with
the Prophet and used to offer shortened prayers
(i.e. journey prayers).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 592:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet stayed in Mecca for 19 days during
which he prayed 2 Rakat in each prayer.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 593:
Narrated 'Ikrima:
Ibn 'Abbas said, "We stayed for 19 days with
Prophet on a journey during which we used to
offer shortened prayers." Ibn 'Abbas added,
"We offer the Qasr prayer (i.e. shortened prayer)
If we stay up to 19 days as travelers, But if we
stay longer, we offer complete prayers
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 594:
Narrated Az-Zuhri:
While we were in the company of the Ibn
Al-Musaiyab, Sunain Abi Jamila informed us (a
Hadith), Abu Jamila said that he lived during the
lifetime of the Prophet and that he had
accompanied him ( to Mecca) during the year of
the Conquest (of Mecca).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 595:
Narrated 'Amr bin Salama:
We were at a place which was a thoroughfare
for the people, and the caravans used to pass by
us and we would ask them, "What is wrong with
the people? What is wrong with the people?
Who is that man?. They would say, "That man
claims that Allah has sent him (as an Apostle),

that he has been divinely inspired, that Allah has

revealed to him such-and-such." I used to

memorize that (Divine) Talk, and feel as if it was

inculcated in my chest (i.e. mind) And the 'Arabs
(other than Quraish) delayed their conversion to
Islam till the Conquest (of Mecca). They used to
say." "Leave him (i.e. Muhammad) and his
people Quraish: if he overpowers them then he is
a true Prophet. So, when Mecca was
conquered, then every tribe rushed to embrace
Islam, and my father hurried to embrace Islam
before (the other members of) my tribe. When
my father returned (from the Prophet) to his
tribe, he said, "By Allah, I have come to you
from the Prophet for sure!" The Prophet
afterwards said to them, 'Offer such-and-such
prayer at such-and-such time, and when the time
for the prayer becomes due, then one of you
should pronounce the Adhan (for the prayer),
and let the one amongst you who knows Qur'an
most should, lead the prayer." So they looked for
such a person and found none who knew more
Qur'an than I because of the Quranic material
which I used to learn from the caravans. They
therefore made me their Imam ((to lead the
prayer) and at that time I was a boy of six or
seven years, wearing a Burda (i.e. a black square
garment) proved to be very short for me (and my
body became partly naked). A lady from the
tribe said, "Won't you cover the anus of your

reciter for us?" So they bought (a piece of cloth)

and made a shirt for me. I had never been so
happy with anything before as I was with that
shirt.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 596:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Utba bin Abi Waqqas authorized his brother Sad

to take the son of the slave-girl of Zam'a into his

custody. 'Utba said (to him). "He is my son."
When Allah's Apostle arrived in Mecca during
the Conquest (of Mecca), Sad bin Abi Waqqas
took the son of the slave-girl of Zam'a and took
him to the Prophet 'Abd bin Zam'a too came
along with him. Sad said. "This is the son of my
brother and the latter has informed me that he is
his son." 'Abd bin Zam'a said, "O Allah's
Apostle! This is my brother who is the son of the
slave-girl of Zam'a and was born on his (i.e.
Zam'as) bed.' Allah's Apostle looked at the son

of the slave-girl of Zam'a and noticed that he, of

all the people had the greatest resemblance to
'Utba bin Abi Waqqas. Allah's Apostle then said
(to 'Abd), " He is yours; he is your brother, O
'Abd bin Zam'a, he was born on the bed (of your
father)." (At the same time) Allah's Apostle said

(to his wife Sauda), "Veil yourself before him (i.e.

the son of the slave-girl) O Sauda," because of
the resemblance he noticed between him and
Utba bin Abi Waqqas. Allah's Apostle added,

"The boy is for the bed (i.e. for the owner of the

bed where he was born), and stone is for the
adulterer." (Ibn Shihab said, "Abu Huraira used

to say that (i.e. the last statement of the Prophet

in the above Hadith 596, publicly.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 597:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
A lady committed theft during the lifetime of
Allah's Apostle in the Ghazwa of Al-Fath, ((i.e.
Conquest of Mecca). Her folk went to Usama
bin Zaid to intercede for her (with the Prophet).
When Usama interceded for her with Allah's
Apostle, the color of the face of Allah's Apostle
changed and he said, "Do you intercede with me

in a matter involving one of the legal punishments

prescribed by Allah?" Usama said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Ask Allah's Forgiveness for me." So in
the afternoon, Allah's Apostle got up and
addressed the people. He praised Allah as He
deserved and then said, "Amma ba'du ! The
nations prior to you were destroyed because if a
noble amongst them stole, they used to excuse
him, and if a poor person amongst them stole,
they would apply (Allah's) Legal Punishment to
him. By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad's soul
is, if Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad stole, I
would cut her hand." Then Allah's Apostle gave
his order in the case of that woman and her hand
was cut off. Afterwards her repentance proved
sincere and she got married. 'Aisha said, "That
lady used to visit me and I used to convey her
demands to Allah's Apostle
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 598:
Narrated Majashi:
I took my brother to the Prophet after the
Conquest (of Mecca) and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! I have come to you with my brother so
that you may take a pledge of allegiance from
him for migration." The Prophet said, The people
of migration (i.e. those who migrated to Medina
before the Conquest) enjoyed the privileges of
migration (i.e. there is no need for migration
anymore)." I said to the Prophet, "For what will
you take his pledge of allegiance?" The Prophet
said, "I will take his pledge of allegiance for

Islam, Belief, and for Jihad (i.e. fighting in Allah's

Cause)"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 599:
Narrated Mujashi bin Masud:
I took Abu Mabad to the Prophet in order that
he might give him the pledge of allegiance for
migration. The Prophet said, "Migration has gone

to its people, but I take the pledge from him (i.e.

Abu Mabad) for Islam and Jihad."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 600:
Narrated Mujahid:
I said to Ibn 'Umar, "I want to migrate to Sham."
He said, "There is no migration, but Jihad (for
Allah's Cause). Go and offer yourself for Jihad,
and if you find an opportunity for Jihad (stay
there) otherwise, come back." (In an other
narration) Ibn 'Umar said, "There is no migration
today or after Allah's Apostle." (and completed
his statement as above.)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 601:
Narrated Mujahid bin Jabr:
'Abdullah bin 'Umar used to say, "There is no
migration after the Conquest (of Mecca)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 602:
Narrated 'Ata' bin Abi Rabah:
'Ubaid bin 'Umar and I visited 'Aisha, and he
asked her about the migration. She said, "There
is no migration today. A believer used to flee

with his religion to Allah and His Prophet for fear

that he might be put to trial as regards his
religion. Today Allah has rendered Islam
victorious; therefore a believing one can worship
one's Lord wherever one wishes. But there is
Jihad (for Allah's Cause) and intentions." (See
Hadith 42, in the 4th Vol. for its Explanation)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 603:
Narrated Mujahid:
Allah's Apostle got up on the day of the
Conquest of Mecca and said, "Allah has made
Mecca a sanctuary since the day He created the
Heavens and the Earth, and it will remain a
sanctuary by virtue of the sanctity Allah has
bestowed on it till the Day of Resurrection. It

(i.e. fighting in it) was not made lawful to anyone

before me!, nor will it be made lawful to anyone
after me, and it was not made lawful for me

except for a short period of time. Its game should

not be chased, nor should its trees be cut, nor its

vegetation or grass uprooted, not its Luqata (i.e.

Most things) picked up except by one who
makes a public announcement about it."
Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib said, "Except the

Idhkhir, O Allah's Apostle, as it is indispensable

for blacksmiths and houses." On that, the
Prophet kept quiet and then said, "Except the
Idhkhir as it is lawful to cut."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 604:
Narrated Ismail:
I saw (a healed scar of) blow over the hand of
Ibn Abi Aufa who said, "I received that blow in
the battle of Hunain in the company of the

Prophet." I said, "Did you take part in the battle

of Hunain?" He replied, "Yes (and in other
battles) before it."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 605:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
I heard Al-Bara' narrating when a man came and
said to him, "O Abu 'Umara! Did you flee on the
day (of the battle) of Hunain?" Al-Bara' replied,
"I testify that the Prophet did not flee, but the
hasty people hurried away and the people of
Hawazin threw arrows at them. At that time, Abu
Sufyan bin Al-Harith was holding the white mule
of the Prophet by the head, and the Prophet was
saying, "I am the Prophet undoubtedly: I am the
son of 'Abdul-Muttalib."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 606:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
Al-Bara' was asked while I was listening, "Did
you flee (before the enemy) along with the
Prophet on the day of (the battle of) Hunain?" He
replied, "As for the Prophet, he did not (flee).
The enemy were good archers and the Prophet
was saying, "I am the Prophet undoubtedly; I am
the son of 'Abdul Muttalib."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 607:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
That he heard Al-Bara narrating when a man
from Qais (tribe) asked him "Did you flee leaving
Allah's Apostle on the day (of the battle) of
Hunain?" Al-Bara' replied, "But Allah's Apostle
did not flee. The people of Hawazin were good
archers, and when we attacked them, they fled.
But rushing towards the booty, we were
confronted by the arrows (of the enemy). I saw
the Prophet riding his white mule while Abu
Sufyan was holding its reins, and the Prophet
was saying "I am the Prophet undoubtedly."
(Israil and Zuhair said, "The Prophet dismounted
from his Mule.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 608:
Narrated Marwan and Al-Miswar bin
Makhrama:
When the delegate of Hawazin came to Allah's
Apostle declaring their conversion to Islam and

asked him to return their properties and captives,

Allah's Apostle got up and said to them, "There
Is involved in this matter, the people whom you
see with me, and the most beloved talk to me, is
the true one. So choose one of two alternatives:

Either the captives or the properties. I have been

waiting for you (i.e. have not distributed the
booty)." Allah's Apostle had delayed the

distribution of their booty over ten nights after his

return from Ta'if. So when they came to know
that Allah's Apostle was not going to return to
them but one of the two, they said, "We prefer to
have our captives." So Allah's Apostle got up
amongst the Muslims, and praising Allah as He
deserved, said, "To proceed! Your brothers
have come to you with repentance and I see (it
logical) to return their captives. So, whoever of

you likes to do that as a favor then he can do it.

And whoever of you likes to stick to his share till

we give him from the very first booty which Allah

will give us, then he can do so." The people said,

"We do that (i.e. return the captives) willingly as

a favor, 'O Allah's Apostle!" Allah's Apostle
said, "We do not know which of you have
agreed to it and which have not; so go back and
let your chiefs forward us your decision." They
went back and their chief's spoke to them, and

they (i.e. the chiefs) returned to Allah's Apostle

and informed him that all of them had agreed (to
give up their captives) with pleasure, and had
given their permission (i.e. that the captives be

returned to their people). (The sub-narrator said,

"That is what has reached me about the captives
of Hawazin tribe.")
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 609:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
When we returned from (the battle of) Hunain,
'Umar asked the Prophet about a vow which he
had made during the Pre-lslamic period of
Ignorance that he would perform Itikaf. The
Prophet ordered him to fulfill his vow.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 610:
Narrated Abu Qatada:
We set out along with the Prophet during the
year of (the battle of) Hunain, and when we
faced the enemy, the Muslims (with the exception
of the Prophet and some of his companions)
retreated (before the enemy). I saw one of the
pagans over-powering one of the Muslims, so I
struck the pagan from behind his neck causing his
armor to be cut off. The pagan headed towards
me and pressed me so forcibly that I felt as if I
was dying. Then death took him over and he
released me. Afterwards I followed 'Umar and
said to him, "What is wrong with the people?" He

said, "It is the Order of Allah." Then the Muslims

returned (to the battle after the flight) and (after

overcoming the enemy) the Prophet sat and said,
"Whoever had killed an Infidel and has an

evidence to this issue, will have the Salb (i.e. the

belonging of the deceased e.g. clothes, arms,
horse, etc)." I (stood up) and said, "Who will be
my witness?" and then sat down. Then the
Prophet repeated his question. Then the Prophet
said the same (for the third time). I got up and
said, "Who will be my witness?" and then sat
down. The Prophet asked his former question
again. So I got up. The Prophet said, What is the
matter, O Abu Qatada?" So I narrated the whole
story; A man said, "Abu Qatada has spoken the

truth, and the Salb of the deceased is with me, so

please compensate Abu Qatada on my behalf."
Abu Bakr said, "No! By Allah, it will never

happen that the Prophet will leave a Lion of Allah

who fights for the Sake of Allah and His Apostle
and give his spoils to you." The Prophet said,
"Abu Bakr has spoken the truth. Give it (the
spoils) back to him (O man)!" So he gave it to
me and I bought a garden in (the land of) Banu
Salama with it (i.e. the spoils) and that was the
first property I got after embracing Islam.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 611:
Narrated Abu Qatada:
When it was the day of (the battle of) Hunain, I
saw a Muslim man fighting with one of the
pagans and another pagan was hiding himself
behind the Muslim in order to kill him. So I
hurried towards the pagan who was hiding
behind the Muslim to kill him, and he raised his
hand to hit me but I hit his hand and cut it off.
That man got hold of me and pressed me so hard

that I was afraid (that I would die), then he knelt

down and his grip became loose and I pushed
him and killed him. The Muslims (excepting the
Prophet and some of his companions) started
fleeing and I too, fled with them. Suddenly I met
'Umar bin Al-Khattab amongst the people and I
asked him, "What is wrong with the people?" He
said, "It is the order of Allah" Then the people
returned to Allah's Apostle (after defeating the
enemy). Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever

produces a proof that he has killed an infidel, will

have the spoils of the killed man." So I got up to

look for an evidence to prove that I had killed an

infidel, but I could not find anyone to bear
witness for me, so I sat down. Then it came to
my mind (that I should speak of it) and I
mentioned the case to Allah's Apostle. A man
from the persons who were sitting with him (i.e.
the Prophet), said, "The arms of the deceased
one whom he ( i.e. Abu Qatada) has mentioned,

are with me, so please compensate him for it (i.e.

the spoils)," Abu Bakr said, "No, Allah's Apostle

will not give it (i.e. the spoils) to a weak humble

person from Quraish and leave one of Allah's
Lions who fights on behalf of Allah and His
Apostle." Allah's Apostle then got up and gave

that (spoils) to me, and I bought with it, a garden

which was the first property I got after embracing

Islam.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 612:
Narrated Abu Musa:
When the Prophet had finished from the battle of
Hunain, he sent Abu Amir at the head of an army
to Autas He (i.e. Abu Amir) met Duraid bin As
Summa and Duraid was killed and Allah
defeated his companions. The Prophet sent me
with Abu 'Amir. Abu Amir was shot at his knee
with an arrow which a man from Jushm had shot
and fixed into his knee. I went to him and said,
"O Uncle! Who shot you?" He pointed me out

(his killer) saying, "That is my killer who shot me

(with an arrow)." So I headed towards him and
overtook him, and when he saw me, he fled, and
I followed him and started saying to him, "Won't
you be ashamed? Won't you stop?" So that
person stopped, and we exchanged two hits with
the swords and I killed him. Then I said to Abu
'Amir. "Allah has killed your killer." He said,
"Take out this arrow" So I removed it, and water
oozed out of the wound. He then said, "O son of
my brother! Convey my compliments to the
Prophet and request him to ask Allah's
Forgiveness for me." Abu Amir made me his
successor in commanding the people (i.e.
troops). He survived for a short while and then
died. (Later) I returned and entered upon the
Prophet at his house, and found him lying in a
bed made of stalks of date-palm leaves knitted
with ropes, and on it there was bedding. The
strings of the bed had their traces over his back
and sides. Then I told the Prophet about our and
Abu Amir's news and how he had said "Tell him
to ask for Allah's Forgiveness for me." The
Prophet asked for water, performed ablution and
then raised hands, saying, "O Allah's Forgive
'Ubaid, Abu Amir." At that time I saw the
whiteness of the Prophet's armpits. The Prophet
then said, "O Allah, make him (i.e. Abu Amir) on
the Day of Resurrection, superior to many of
Your human creatures." I said, "Will you ask
Allah's Forgiveness for me?" (On that) the
Prophet said, "O Allah, forgive the sins of
'Abdullah bin Qais and admit him to a nice
entrance (i.e. paradise) on the Day of
Resurrection." Abu Burda said, "One of the
prayers was for Abu 'Amir and the other was for
Abu Musa (i.e. 'Abdullah bin Qais)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 613:
Narrated Um Salama:
The Prophet came to me while there was an
effeminate man sitting with me, and I heard him
(i.e. the effeminate man) saying to 'Abdullah bin
Abi Umaiya, "O 'Abdullah! See if Allah should
make you conquer Ta'if tomorrow, then take the
daughter of Ghailan (in marriage) as (she is so
beautiful and fat that) she shows four folds of
flesh when facing you, and eight when she turns
her back." The Prophet then said, "These
(effeminate men) should never enter upon you (O
women!)." Ibn Juraij said, "That effeminate man
was called Hit."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 614:
Narrated Hisham:
The above narration and added extra, that at that
time, the Prophet, was besieging Taif.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 615:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Amr:
When Allah's Apostle besieged Taif and could
not conquer its people, he said, "We will return
(to Medina) If Allah wills." That distressed the
Companions (of the Prophet and they said, "Shall
we go away without conquering it (i.e. the Fort

of Taif)?" Once the Prophet said, "Let us return."

Then the Prophet said (to them), "Fight
tomorrow." They fought and (many of them) got
wounded, whereupon the Prophet said, "We will
return (to Medina) tomorrow if Allah wills." That
delighted them, whereupon the Prophet smiled.
The sub-narrator, Sufyan said once, "(The
Prophet) smiled."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 616:
Narrated Abu Uthman:
I heard from Sad, the first man who has thrown
an arrow in Allah's Cause, and from Abu Bakra
who jumped over the wall of the Ta'if Fort along
with a few persons and came to the Prophet.
They both said, "We heard the Prophet saying, "
If somebody claims to be the son of somebody

other than his father knowingly, he will be denied

Paradise (i.e. he will not enter Paradise).' "
Narrated Ma'mar from 'Asim from Abu Al'Aliya
or Abu Uthman An-Nahdi who said. "I heard
Sad and Abu Bakra narrating from the Prophet."
'Asim said, "I said (to him), 'Very trustworthy
persons have narrated to you.' He said, 'Yes,
one of them was the first to throw an arrow in
Allah's Cause and the other came to the Prophet
in a group of thirty-three persons from Ta'if.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 617:
Narrated Abu Burda:
Abu Musa said, "I was with the Prophet when he
was encamping at Al-Jarana (a place) between
Mecca and Medina and Bilal was with him. A
bedouin came to the Prophet and said, "Won't
you fulfill what you have promised me?" The
Prophet said, 'Rejoice (at what I will do for
you).' The bedouin said, "(You have said to me)
rejoice too often." Then the Prophet turned to me
(i.e. Abu Musa) and Bilal in an angry mood and
said, 'The bedouin has refused the good tidings,
so you both accept them.' Bilal and I said, 'We
accept them.' Then the Prophet asked for a
drinking bowl containing water and washed his
hands and face in it, and then took a mouthful of
water and threw it therein saying (to us), "Drink
(some of) it and pour (some) over your faces and
chests and be happy at the good tidings." So they
both took the drinking bowl and did as
instructed. Um Salama called from behind a
screen, "Keep something (of the water for your
mother." So they left some of it for her.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 618:
Narrated Safwan bin Ya'la bin Umaiya:
Ya'la used to say, "I wish I could see Allah's
Apostle at the time when he is being inspired
divinely." Ya'la added "While the Prophet was at

Al-Ja'rana, shaded with a cloth sheet (in the form

of a tent) and there were staying with him, some
of his companions under it, suddenly there came
to him a bedouin wearing a cloak and perfumed
extravagantly. He said, "O Allah's Apostle !
What is your opinion regarding a man who
assumes the state of Ihram for 'Umra wearing a
cloak after applying perfume to his body?" 'Umar
signalled with his hand to Ya'la to come (near).
Ya'la came and put his head (underneath that
cloth sheet) and saw the Prophet red-faced and
when that state (of the Prophet ) was over, he
said, "Where is he who as already asked me
about the 'Umra?" The man was looked for and
brought to the Prophet The Prophet said (to
him), "As for the perfume you have applied to
your body, wash it off your body) thrice, and
take off your cloak, and then do in your 'Umra
the rites you do in your Hajj."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 619:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Zaid bin Asim: When
Allah gave to His Apostle the war booty on the
day of Hunain, he distributed that booty amongst
those whose hearts have been (recently)

reconciled (to Islam), but did not give anything to

the Ansar. So they
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 620:
Narrated Anas Bin Malik:
hen." Anas added: But they did not remain
patient.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 621:
Narrated Anas:
When it was the day of the Conquest (of Mecca)
Allah's Apostle distributed the war booty
amongst the people of Quraish which caused the
Ansar to become angry. So the Prophet said,
"Won't you be pleased that the people take the
worldly things and you take Allah's Apostle with
you? "They said, "Yes." The Prophet said, "If the
people took their way through a valley or
mountain pass, I would take my way through the
Ansar's valley or mountain pass."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 622:
Narrated Anas:

When it was the day of (the battle of) Hunain, the

Prophet confronted the tribe of Hawazin while
there were ten-thousand (men) besides the
Tulaqa' (i.e. those who had embraced Islam on
the day of the Conquest of Mecca) with the
Prophet. When they (i.e. Muslims) fled, the
Prophet said, "O the group of Ansari" They
replied, "Labbaik, O Allah's Apostle and Sadaik!
We are under your command." Then the Prophet
got down (from his mule) and said, "I am Allah's
Slave and His Apostle." Then the pagans were
defeated. The Prophet distributed the war booty
amongst the Tulaqa and Muhajirin (i.e.
Emigrants) and did not give anything to the
Ansar. So the Ansar spoke (i.e. were
dissatisfied) and he called them and made them
enter a leather tent and said, Won't you be
pleased that the people take the sheep and
camels, and you take Allah's Apostle along with
you?" The Prophet added, "If the people took
their way through a valley and the Ansar took
their way through a mountain pass, then I would
choose a mountain pass of the Ansar"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 623:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet gathered some people of Ansar and
said, "The People of Quraish are still close to
their Pre-lslamic period of ignorance and have

suffered a lot, and I want to help them and attract

their hearts (by giving them the war booty).
Won't you be pleased that the people take the
worldly things) and you take Allah's Apostle with
you to your homes?" They said, "Yes, (i.e. we
are pleased with this distribution)." The Prophet
said, "'If the people took their way through a
valley and the Ansar took their way through a
mountain pass, then I would take the Ansar's
valley or the Ansar's mountain pass."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 624:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
When the Prophet distribute the war booty of
Hunain, a man from the Ansar said, "He (i.e. the
Prophet), did not intend to please Allah in this
distribution." So I came to the Prophet and
informed him of that (statement) whereupon the
color of his face changed and he said, "May
Allah bestow His Mercy on Moses, for he was
troubled with more than this, but he remained
patient."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 625:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
When it was the day of Hunain, Prophet favored
some people over some others (in the distribution
of the booty). He gave Al-Aqra' one-hundred
camels and gave Uyaina the same, and also gave
other people (of Quraish). A man said, "Allah's

Pleasure was not the aim, in this distribution." I

said, "I will inform the Prophet (about your
statement)." The Prophet said, "May Allah
bestow Mercy on Moses, for he was troubled
more this but he remained patient."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 626:
Narrated Anas Bin Malik:

When it was the day (of the battle) of Hunain, the

tributes of Hawazin and Ghatafan and others,

along with their animals and offspring (and wives)

came to fight against the Prophet The Prophet
had with him, ten thousand men and some of the
Tulaqa. The companions fled, leaving the
Prophet alone. The Prophet then made two calls
which were clearly distinguished from each other.
He turned right and said, "O the group of Ansar!"
They said, "Labbaik, O Allah's Apostle! Rejoice,
for we are with you!" Then he turned left and
said, "O the group of Ansar!" They said,
"Labbaik! O Allah's Apostle! Rejoice, for we are
with you!" The Prophet at that time, was riding
on a white mule; then he dismounted and said, "I
am Allah's Slave and His Apostle." The infidels
then were defeated, and on that day the Prophet
gained a large amount of booty which he
distributed amongst the Muhajirin and the Tulaqa
and did not give anything to the Ansar. The
Ansar said, "When there is a difficulty, we are
called, but the booty is given to other than us."
The news reached the Prophet and he gathered

them in a leather tent and said, "What is this news

reaching me from you, O the group of Ansar?"
They kept silent, He added," O the group of
Ansar! Won't you be happy that the people take
the worldly things and you take Allah's Apostle
to your homes reserving him for yourself?" They

said, "Yes." Then the Prophet said, "If the people

took their way through a valley, and the Ansar
took their way through a mountain pass, surely, I
would take the Ansar's mountain pass." Hisham
said, "O Abu Hamza (i.e. Anas)! Did you
witness that? " He replied, "And how could I be
absent from him?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 627:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet sent a Sariya towards Najd and I
was in it, and our share from the booty amounted
to twelve camels each, and we were given an
additional camel each. So we returned with
thirteen camels each.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 628:
Narrated Salim's father:
The Prophet sent Khalid bin Al-Walid to the
tribe of Jadhima and Khalid invited them to Islam
but they could not express themselves by saying,
"Aslamna (i.e. we have embraced Islam)," but
they started saying "Saba'na! Saba'na (i.e. we
have come out of one religion to another)."
Khalid kept on killing (some of) them and taking
(some of) them as captives and gave every one
of us his Captive. When there came the day then
Khalid ordered that each man (i.e. Muslim

soldier) should kill his captive, I said, "By Allah, I

will not kill my captive, and none of my
companions will kill his captive." When we
reached the Prophet, we mentioned to him the
whole story. On that, the Prophet raised both his
hands and said twice, "O Allah! I am free from
what Khalid has done."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 629:
Narrated 'Ali:
The Prophet sent a Sariya under the command of
a man from the Ansar and ordered the soldiers to
obey him. He (i.e. the commander) became
angry and said "Didn't the Prophet order you to
obey me!" They replied, "Yes." He said, "Collect
fire-wood for me." So they collected it. He said,
"Make a fire." When they made it, he said, "Enter

it (i.e. the fire)." So they intended to do that and

started holding each other and saying, "We run
towards (i.e. take refuge with) the Prophet from

the fire." They kept on saying that till the fire was

extinguished and the anger of the commander
abated. When that news reached the Prophet he

said, "If they had entered it (i.e. the fire), they

would not have come out of it till the Day of
Resurrection. Obedience (to somebody) is
required when he enjoins what is good."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 630:
Narrated Abu Burda:
Allah's Apostle sent Abu Musa and Muadh bin
Jabal to Yemen. He sent each of them to
administer a province as Yemen consisted of two

provinces. The Prophet said (to them), "Facilitate

things for the people and do not make things
difficult for them (Be kind and lenient (both of
you) with the people, and do not be hard on
them) and give the people good tidings and do
not repulse them. So each of them went to carry
on his job. So when any one of them toured his
province and happened to come near (the border
of the province of) his companion, he would visit
him and greet him. Once Mu'adh toured that part
of his state which was near (the border of the
province of) his companion Abu Musa. Mu'adh
came riding his mule till he reached Abu Musa
and saw him sitting, and the people had gathered
around him. Behold! There was a man tied with
his hands behind his neck. Mu'adh said to Abu
Musa, "O 'Abdullah bin Qais! What is this?" Abu
Musa replied. "This man has reverted to
Heathenism after embracing Islam." Mu'adh said,
"I will not dismount till he is killed." Abu Musa
replied, "He has been brought for this purpose,
so come down." Mu'adh said, "I will not
dismount till he is killed." So Abu Musa ordered
that he be killed, and he was killed. Then Mu'adh
dismounted and said, "O Abdullah (bin Qais)!
How do you recite the Qur'an ?" Abu Musa said,
"I recite the Qur'an regularly at intervals and
piecemeal. How do you recite it O Mu'adh?"

Mu'adh said, "I sleep in the first part of the night

and then get up after having slept for the time
devoted for my sleep and then recite as much as
Allah has written for me. So I seek Allah's
Reward for both my sleep as well as my prayer
(at night)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 631:
Narrated Abi Burda:
That Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari said that the Prophet
had sent him to Yemen and he asked the Prophet
about certain (alcoholic) drink which used to be
prepared there The Prophet said, "What are
they?" Abu Musa said, "Al-Bit' and Al-Mizr?"
He said, "Al-Bit is an alcoholic drink made from
honey; and Al-Mizr is an alcoholic drink made
from barley." The Prophet said, "All intoxicants
are prohibited."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 632:
Narrated Abu Burda:
That the Prophet sent his (i.e. Abu Burda's)
grandfather, Abu Musa and Mu'adh to Yemen

and said to both of them "Facilitate things for the

people (Be kind and lenient) and do not make
things difficult (for people), and give them good
tidings, and do not repulse them and both of you
should obey each other." Abu Musa said, "O

Allah's Prophet! In our land there is an alcoholic

drink (prepared) from barley called Al-Mizr, and
another (prepared) from honey, called Al-Bit"'
The Prophet said, "All intoxicants are
prohibited." Then both of them proceeded and
Mu'adh asked Abu Musa, "How do you recite

the Quran?" Abu Musa replied, "I recite it while I

am standing, sitting or riding my riding animals, at

intervals and piecemeal." Muadh said, "But I
sleep and then get up. I sleep and hope for
Allah's Reward for my sleep as I seek His
Reward for my night prayer." Then he (i.e.
Muadh) pitched a tent and they started visiting
each other. Once Muadh paid a visit to Abu
Musa and saw a chained man. Muadh asked,
"What is this?" Abu Musa said, "(He was) a Jew
who embraced Islam and has now turned

apostate." Muadh said, "I will surely chop off his

neck!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 633:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
Allah's Apostle sent me (as a governor) to the
land of my people, and I came while Allah's
Apostle was encamping at a place called
Al-Abtah. The Prophet said, "Have you made
the intention to perform the Hajj, O Abdullah bin
Qais?" I replied, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle!" He
said, "What did you say?" I replied, "I said,
'Labbaik' and expressed the same intention as
yours." He said, "Have you driven the Hadi along
with you?" I replied, "No, I did not drive the
Hadi." He said, "So perform the Tawaf of the
Ka'ba and then the Sai, between Safa and
Marwa and then finish the state of Ihram." So I
did the same, and one of the women of (the tribe
of) Banu-Qais combed my hair. We continued

follow in that tradition till the caliphate of Umar.

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 634:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle said to Muadh bin Jabal when he
sent him to Yemen. "You will come to the people
of Scripture, and when you reach them, invite
them to testify that none has the right to be
worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is
His Apostle. And if they obey you in that, then
tell them that Allah has enjoined on them five
prayers to be performed every day and night.
And if they obey you in that, then tell them that
Allah has enjoined on them Sadaqa (i.e. Rakat)
to be taken from the rich amongst them and given
to the poor amongst them. And if they obey you
in that, then be cautious! Don't take their best
properties (as Zakat) and be afraid of the curse
of an oppressed person as there is no screen
between his invocation and Allah.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 635:
Narrated Amr bin Maimuin:
When Mu'adh arrived at Yemen, he led them
(i.e. the people of Yemen) in the Fajr prayer
wherein he recited: 'Allah took Abraham as a
Khalil.' A man amongst the people said, "(How)
glad the mother of Abraham is!" (In another
narration) 'Amr said, "The Prophet sent Mu'adh
to Yemen and he (led the people) in the Fajr
prayer and recited: 'Allah took Abraham as a
Khalil. A man behind him said, "(How) glad the
mother of Abraham is!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 636:
Narrated Al-Bara:
Allah's Apostle sent us to Yemen along with
Khalid bin Al-Walid. Later on he sent Ali bin Abi

Talib in his place. The Prophet said to 'Ali, "Give

Khalid's companions the choice of either staying
with you (in Yemen) or returning to Medina." I
was one of those who stayed with him (i.e. Ali)
and got several Awaq (of gold from the war
booty.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 637:
Narrated Buraida:
The Prophet sent 'Ali to Khalid to bring the
Khumus (of the booty) and I hated Ali, and 'Ali
had taken a bath (after a sexual act with a
slave-girl from the Khumus). I said to Khalid,
"Don't you see this (i.e. Ali)?" When we reached
the Prophet I mentioned that to him. He said, "O
Buraida! Do you hate Ali?" I said, "Yes." He
said, "Do you hate him, for he deserves more
than that from the Khumlus."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 638:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
'Ali bin Abi Talib sent a piece of gold not yet

taken out of its ore, in a tanned leather container

to Allah's Apostle . Allah's Apostle distributed
that amongst four Persons: 'Uyaina bin Badr,
Aqra bin Habis, Zaid Al-Khail and the fourth
was either Alqama or Amir bin At Tufail. On
that, one of his companions said, "We are more
deserving of this (gold) than these (persons)."
When that news reached the Prophet , he said,
"Don't you trust me though I am the truth worthy
man of the One in the Heavens, and I receive the
news of Heaven (i.e. Divine Inspiration) both in
the morning and in the evening?" There got up a
man with sunken eyes, raised cheek bones,
raised forehead, a thick beard, a shaven head
and a waist sheet that was tucked up and he

said, "O Allah's Apostle! Be afraid of Allah." The

Prophet said, "Woe to you! Am I not of all the
people of the earth the most entitled to fear
Allah?" Then that man went away. Khalid bin
Al-Wahd said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I chop
his neck off?" The Prophet said, "No, for he may
offer prayers." Khalid said, "Numerous are those
who offer prayers and say by their tongues (i.e.
mouths) what is not in their hearts." Allah's
Apostle said, "I have not been ordered (by
Allah) to search the hearts of the people or cut
open their bellies." Then the Prophet looked at
him (i.e. that man) while the latter was going
away and said, "From the offspring of this (man
there will come out (people) who will recite the
Qur'an continuously and elegantly but it will not
exceed their throats. (They will neither
understand it nor act upon it). They would go out
of the religion (i.e. Islam) as an arrow goes

through a game's body." I think he also said, "If I

should be present at their time I would kill them
as the nations a Thamud were killed."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 639:
Narrated 'Ata:
Jabir said, "The Prophet ordered 'Ali to keep the
state of Ihram." Jabir added, "Ali bin Abi Talib
returned (from Yemen) when he was a governor
(of Yemen). The Prophet said to him, 'With what
intention have you assumed the state of Ihram?'

'Ali said, "I have assumed Ihram with an intention

as that of the Prophet." Then the Prophet said (to

him), 'Offer a Hadi and keep the state of Ihram in

which you are now.' 'Ali slaughtered a Hadi on
his behalf."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 640:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet assumed the state of Ihram for
Umra and Hajj, and we to assumed it for Hajj
with him. When we arrived at Mecca, the
Prophet said, "Whoever does not possess a Hadi
should regard his Ihram for Umra only." The
Prophet had a Hadi with him. 'Ali bin Abi Talib
came to us from Yemen with the intention of
performing Hajj. The Prophet said (to him),
"With what intention have you assumed the
Ihram, for your wife is with us?" 'Ali said, "I
assumed the lhram with the same intention as that
of the Prophet ." The Prophet said, "Keep on the
state of lhram, as we have got the Hadi."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 641:
Narrated Jarir:
In the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance there was
a house called Dhu-l-Khalasa or Al-Ka'ba
Al-Yamaniya or Al-Ka'ba Ash-Shamiya. The
Prophet said to me, "Won't you relieve me from
Dhu-l-Khalasa?" So I set out with
one-hundred-and-fifty riders, and we dismantled
it and killed whoever was present there. Then I
came to the Prophet and informed him, and he
invoked good upon us and Al-Ahmas (tribe) .
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 642:
Narrated Qais:
Jarir said to me, The Prophet said to me, "Won't
you relieve me from Dhu-l-Khalasa?" And that
was a house (in Yemem belonging to the tribe of)
Khatham called Al-Kaba Al Yamaniya. I
proceeded with one-hundred and-fifty cavalry
from Ahmas (tribe) who were horse riders. I
used not to sit firm on horses, so the Prophet

stroke me over my chest till I saw the mark of his

fingers over my chest, and then he said, 'O Allah!

Make him (i.e. Jarir) firm and one who guides
others and is guided on the right path." So Jarir
proceeded to it dismantled and burnt it, and then
sent a messenger to Allah's Apostle. The
messenger of Jarir said (to the Prophet), "By Him
Who sent you with the Truth, I did not leave that
place till it was like a scabby camel." The
Prophet blessed the horses of Ahmas and their
men five times.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 643:
Narrated Qais:

Jarir said "Allah's Apostle said to me, "Won't you

relieve me from Dhul-Khalasa?" I replied, "Yes,
(I will relieve you)." So I proceeded along with
one-hundred and fifty cavalry from Ahmas tribe

who were skillful in riding horses. I used not to sit

firm over horses, so I informed the Prophet of
that, and he stroke my chest with his hand till I
saw the marks of his hand over my chest and he
said, O Allah! Make him firm and one who
guides others and is guided (on the right path).'
Since then I have never fallen from a horse.
Dhul-l--Khulasa was a house in Yemen
belonging to the tribe of Khatham and Bajaila,
and in it there were idols which were
worshipped, and it was called Al-Ka'ba." Jarir
went there, burnt it with fire and dismantled it.
When Jarir reached Yemen, there was a man
who used to foretell and give good omens by
casting arrows of divination. Someone said to
him. "The messenger of Allah's Apostle is present
here and if he should get hold of you, he would
chop off your neck." One day while he was using
them (i.e. arrows of divination), Jarir stopped
there and said to him, "Break them (i.e. the
arrows) and testify that None has the right to be
worshipped except Allah, or else I will chop off
your neck." So the man broke those arrows and

testified that none has the right to be worshipped

except Allah. Then Jarir sent a man called Abu
Artata from the tribe of Ahmas to the Prophet to
convey the good news (of destroying
Dhu-l-Khalasa). So when the messenger reached
the Prophet, he said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Him

Who sent you with the Truth, I did not leave it till

it was like a scabby camel." Then the Prophet
blessed the horses of Ahmas and their men five
times.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 644:
Narrated Abu Uthman:
Allah's Apostle sent 'Amr bin Al As as the
commander of the troops of Dhat-us-Salasil.
'Amr bin Al-'As said, "(On my return) I came to
the Prophet and said, 'Which people do you love
most?' He replied, 'Aisha.' I said, 'From amongst
the men?' He replied, 'Her father (Abu Bakr)'. I
said, 'Whom (do you love) next?' He replied,
"Umar.' Then he counted the names of many
men, and I became silent for fear that he might
regard me as the last of them."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 645:
Narrated Jarir:
While I was at Yemen, I met two men from
Yemen called Dhu Kala and Dhu Amr, and I
started telling them about Allah's Apostle. Dhu
Amr said to me, "If what you are saying about

your friend (i.e. the Prophet) is true, then he has

died three days ago." Then both of them
accompanied me to Medina, and when we had
covered some distance on the way to Medina,
we saw some riders coming from Medina. We
asked them and they said, "Allah's Apostle has
died and Abu Bakr has been appointed as the
Caliph and the people are in a good state.' Then
they said, "Tell your friend (Abu Bakr) that we

have come (to visit him), and if Allah will, we will

come again." So they both returned to Yemen.
When I told Abu Bakr their statement, he said to
me, "I wish you had brought them (to me)."
Afterwards I met Dhu Amr, and he said to me,
"O Jarir! You have done a favor to me and I am

going to tell you something, i.e. you, the nation of

'Arabs, will remain prosperous as long as you
choose and appoint another chief whenever a
former one is dead. But if authority is obtained
by the power of the sword, then the rulers will
become kings who will get angry, as kings get
angry, and will be delighted as kings get
delighted."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 646:
Narrated Wahab bin Kaisan:
Jabir bin Abdullah said, "Allah's Apostle sent
troops to the sea coast and appointed Abu
'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah as their commander, and
they were 300 (men). We set out, and we had
covered some distance on the way, when our
journey food ran short. So Abu 'Ubaida ordered
that all the food present with the troops be
collected, and it was collected. Our journey food
was dates, and Abu Ubaida kept on giving us

our daily ration from it little by little (piecemeal)

till it decreased to such an extent that we did not

receive except a date each." I asked (Jabir),
"How could one date benefit you?" He said, "We
came to know its value when even that finished."
Jabir added, "Then we reached the sea (coast)
where we found a fish like a small mountain. The

people (i.e. troops) ate of it for 18 nights (i.e.

days). Then Abu 'Ubaida ordered that two of its
ribs be fixed on the ground (in the form of an
arch) and that a she-camel be ridden and passed
under them. So it passed under them without
touching them."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 647:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle sent us who were three-hundred
riders under the command of Abu Ubaida bin
Al-Jarrah in order to watch the caravan of the
Quraish pagans. We stayed at the seashore for
half a month and were struck with such severe

hunger that we ate even the Khabt (i.e. the leaves

of the Salam, a thorny desert tree), and because
of that, the army was known as Jaish-ul-Khabt.
Then the sea threw out, an animal (i.e. a fish)
called Al-'Anbar and we ate of that for half a
month, and rubbed its fat on our bodies till our
bodies returned to their original state (i.e.
became strong and healthy). Abu Ubaida took
one of its ribs, fixed it on the ground; then he
went to the tallest man of his companions (to let
him pass under the rib). Once Sufyan said, "He
took a rib from its parts and fixed it, and then
took a man and camel and they passed from

underneath it (without touching it). " Jabir added:

There was a man amongst the people who
slaughtered three camels and then slaughtered
another three camels and then slaughtered other
three camels, and then Abu 'Ubaida forbade him
to do so.
Narrated Abu Salih: Qais bin Sad said to his
father. "I was present in the army and the people
were struck with severe hunger." He said, "You
should have slaughtered (camels) (for them)."
Qais said, "I did slaughter camels but they were
hungry again. He said, "You should have
slaughtered (camels) again." Qais said, "I did
slaughter (camels) again but the people felt
hungry again." He said, "You should have
slaughtered (camels) again." Qais said, "I did

slaughter (camels) again, but the people again felt

hungry." He said, "You should have slaughtered
(camels) again." Qais said, "But I was forbidden
(by Abu 'Ubaida this time)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 648:
Narrated Jabir:
We set out in the army of Al-Khabt and Abu
Ubaida was the commander of the troops. We
were struck with severe hunger and the sea
threw out a dead fish the like of which we had
never seen, and it was called Al-'Anbar. We ate
of it for half a month. Abu Ubaida took (and
fixed) one of its bones and a rider passed

underneath it (without touching it). (Jabir added:)

Abu 'Ubaida said (to us), "Eat (of that fish)."
When we arrived at Medina, we informed the
Prophet about that, and he said, "Eat, for it is

food Allah has brought out for you, and feed us if

you have some of it." So some of them gave him
(of that fish) and he ate it.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 649:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
That during the Hajj in which the Prophet had
made Abu Bakr As Siddiq as chief of the, Hajj
before the Hajj-ul-Wida,' on the day of Nahr,
Abu Bakr sent him along with a group of persons
to announce to the people. "No pagan is
permitted to perform Hajj after this year, and
nobody is permitted to perform the Tawaf of the
Ka'ba naked."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 650:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The last Sura which was revealed in full was

Baraa (i.e. Sura-at-Tauba), and the last Sura (i.e.

part of a Sura) which was revealed was the last
Verses of Sura-an-Nisa':-- "They ask you for a
legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) About
those who have No descendants or ascendants
As heirs." (4.177)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 651:
Narrated 'Imran bin Hussein:
A delegation from Banu Tamim came to the
Prophet . The Prophet said, "Accept the good
tidings, O Banu Tamim!" They said, "O Allah's
Apostle! You have given us good tidings, so give
us (something)." Signs of displeasure appeared
on his face. Then another delegation from Yemen
came and he said (to them), "Accept the good
tidings, for Banu Tamim refuses to accept them."
They replied, "We have accepted them, O
Allah's Apostle!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 652:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I have not ceased to like Banu Tamim ever since
I heard of three qualities attributed to them by
Allah's Apostle (He said): They, out of all my
followers, will be the strongest opponent of
Ad-Dajjal; 'Aisha had a slave-girl from them, and
the Prophet told her to manumit her as she was
from the descendants of (the Prophet) Ishmael;
and, when their Zakat was brought, the Prophet
said, "This is the Zakat of my people."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 653:
Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika:
'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair said that a group of
riders belonging to Banu Tamim came to the
Prophet, Abu Bakr said (to the Prophet ),
"Appoint Al-Qa'qa bin Mabad bin Zurara as
(their) ruler." 'Umar said (to the Prophet). "No!
But appoint Al-Aqra bin Habis." Thereupon Abu
Bakr said (to 'Umar). "You just wanted to
oppose me." 'Umar replied. "I did not want to
oppose you." So both of them argued so much
that their voices became louder, and then the
following Divine Verses were revealed in that
connection:-- "O you who believe ! Do not be
forward in the presence of Allah and His
Apostle..." (till the end of Verse)...(49.1)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 654:
Narrated Abu Jamra:
I said to Ibn 'Abbas, "I have an earthenware pot
containing Nabidh (i.e. water and dates or

grapes) for me, and I drink of it while it is sweet.

If I drink much of it and stay with the people for

a long time, I get afraid that they may discover it

(for I will appear as if I were drunk). Ibn 'Abbas

said, "A delegation of Abdul Qais came to
Allah's Apostle and he said, "Welcome, O
people! Neither will you have disgrace nor will
you regret." They said, "O Allah's Apostle! There
are the Mudar pagans between you and us, so
we cannot come to you except in the sacred
Months. So please teach us some orders on
acting upon which we will enter Paradise.
Besides, we will preach that to our people who
are behind us." The Prophet said, "I order you to
do four things and forbid you from four things (I
order you): To believe in Allah...Do you know

what is to believe in Allah? That is to testify that

None has the right to be worshipped except

Allah: (I order you also to offer prayers perfectly

to pay Zakat; and to fast the month of Ramadan
and to give the Khumus (i.e. one-fifth of the
booty) (for Allah's Sake). I forbid you from four
other things (i.e. the wine that is prepared in)
Ad-Dubba, An-Naquir, Az-Hantam and
Al-Muzaffat. (See Hadith No. 50 Vol. 1)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 655:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The delegation of 'Abdul Qais came to the
Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle We belong

to the tribe of Rabia. The infidels of Mudar tribe

intervened between us and you so that we cannot
come to you except in the Sacred Months, so
please order us some things we may act on and
invite those left behind to act on. The Prophet
said, "I order you to observe four things and
forbid you from four things: (I order you) to

believe in Allah, i.e. to testify that None has the

right to be worshipped except Allah." The
Prophet pointed with finger indicating one and

added, "To offer prayers perfectly: to give Zakat,

and to give one-fifth of the booty you win (for
Allah's Sake). I forbid you to use Ad-Dubba',
An-Naquir, Al-Hantam and Al-Muzaffat,

(Utensils used for preparing alcoholic liquors and

drinks)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 656:
Narrated Bukair:
That Kuraib, the freed slave of Ibn Abbas told
him that Ibn Abbas, 'Abdur-Rahman bin Azhar
and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama sent him to 'Aisha
saying, "Pay her our greetings and ask her about
our offering of the two-Rak'at after 'Asr Prayer,
and tell her that we have been informed that you
offer these two Rakat while we have heard that
the Prophet had forbidden their offering." Ibn
'Abbas said, "I and 'Umar used to beat the
people for their offering them." Kuraib added, "I
entered upon her and delivered their message to
her.' She said, 'Ask Um Salama.' So, I informed
them (of 'Aisha's answer) and they sent me to
Um Salama for the same purpose as they sent
me to 'Aisha. Um Salama replied, 'I heard the
Prophet forbidding the offering of these two
Rakat. Once the Prophet offered the 'Asr prayer,
and then came to me. And at that time some
Ansari women from the Tribe of Banu Haram
were with me. Then (the Prophet ) offered those
two Rakat, and I sent my (lady) servant to him,
saying, 'Stand beside him and say (to him): Um
Salama says, 'O Allah's Apostle! Didn't I hear
you forbidding the offering of these two Rakat

(after the Asr prayer yet I see you offering them?'

And if he beckons to you with his hand, then wait
behind.' So the lady slave did that and the
Prophet beckoned her with his hand, and she
stayed behind, and when the Prophet finished his
prayer, he said, 'O the daughter of Abu Umaiya
(i.e. Um Salama), You were asking me about
these two Rakat after the 'Asr prayer. In fact,
some people from the tribe of 'Abdul Qais came
to me to embrace Islam and busied me so much
that I did not offer the two Rakat which were
offered after Zuhr compulsory prayer, and these
two Rakat (you have seen me offering) make up
for those."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 657:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:

The first Friday (i.e. Jumua) prayer offered after

the Friday Prayer offered at the Mosque of
Allah's Apostle was offered at the mosque of

Abdul Qais situated at Jawathi, that is a village at

Al Bahrain .
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 658:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet sent some cavalry towards Najd
and they brought a man from the tribe of Banu
Hanifa who was called Thumama bin Uthal. They
fastened him to one of the pillars of the Mosque.
The Prophet went to him and said, "What have
you got, O Thumama?" He replied," I have got a
good thought, O Muhammad! If you should kill
me, you would kill a person who has already
killed somebody, and if you should set me free,
you would do a favor to one who is grateful, and
if you want property, then ask me whatever
wealth you want." He was left till the next day
when the Prophet said to him, "What have you
got, Thumama? He said, "What I told you, i.e. if
you set me free, you would do a favor to one

who is grateful." The Prophet left him till the day

after, when he said, "What have you got, O
Thumama?" He said, "I have got what I told you.
"On that the Prophet said, "Release Thumama."
So he (i.e. Thumama) went to a garden of
date-palm trees near to the Mosque, took a bath
and then entered the Mosque and said, "I testify
that None has the right to be worshipped except
Allah, and also testify that Muhammad is His
Apostle! By Allah, O Muhammad! There was no
face on the surface of the earth most disliked by
me than yours, but now your face has become
the most beloved face to me. By Allah, there was
no religion most disliked by me than yours, but
now it is the most beloved religion to me. By
Allah, there was no town most disliked by me
than your town, but now it is the most beloved
town to me. Your cavalry arrested me (at the
time) when I was intending to perform the 'Umra.
And now what do you think?" The Prophet gave
him good tidings (congratulated him) and ordered
him to perform the 'Umra. So when he came to
Mecca, someone said to him, "You have become
a Sabian?" Thumama replied, "No! By Allah, I
have embraced Islam with Muhammad, Apostle
of Allah. No, by Allah! Not a single grain of
wheat will come to you from Jamaica unless the
Prophet gives his permission."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 659:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Musailima Al-Kadhdhab came during the lifetime
of the Prophet and started saying, "If Muhammad
gives me the rule after him, I will follow him."
And he came to Medina with a great number of
the people of his tribe. Allah's Apostle went to
him in the company of Thabit bin Qais bin
Shammas, and at that time, Allah's Apostle had a
stick of a date-palm tree in his hand. When he
(i.e. the Prophet ) stopped near Musailima while
the latter was amidst his companions, he said to

him, "If you ask me for this piece (of stick), I will

not give it to you, and Allah's Order you cannot
avoid, (but you will be destroyed), and if you

turn your back from this religion, then Allah will

destroy you. And I think you are the same
person who was shown to me in my dream, and
this is Thabit bin Qais who will answer your
questions on my behalf." Then the Prophet went
away from him. I asked about the statement of
Allah's Apostle : "You seem to be the same
person who was shown to me in my dream," and
Abu Huraira informed me that Allah's Apostle
said, "When I was sleeping, I saw (in a dream)
two bangles of gold on my hands and that
worried me. And then I was inspired Divinely in
the dream that I should blow on them, so I blew
on them and both the bangles flew away. And I
interpreted it that two liars (who would claim to
be prophets) would appear after me. One of
them has proved to be Al Ansi and the other,
Musailima."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 660:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "While I was sleeping, I
was given the treasures of the earth and two gold
bangles were put in my hands, and I did not like

that, but I received the inspiration that I should

blow on them, and I did so, and both of them

vanished. I interpreted it as referring to the two

liars between whom I am present; the ruler of
Sana and the Ruler of Yamaha."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 661:
Narrated Abu Raja Al-Utaridi:
We used to worship stones, and when we found
a better stone than the first one, we would throw

the first one and take the latter, but if we could

not get a stone then we would collect some earth
(i.e. soil) and then bring a sheep and milk that
sheep over it, and perform the Tawaf around it.
When the month of Rajab came, we used (to

stop the military actions), calling this month the

iron remover, for we used to remove and throw
away the iron parts of every spear and arrow in
the month of Rajab. Abu Raja' added: When the
Prophet sent with (Allah's) Message, I was a boy
working as a shepherd of my family camels.
When we heard the news about the appearance
of the Prophet, we ran to the fire, i.e. to
Musailima al-Kadhdhab.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 662:
Narrated Ubaidullah bin Abdullah bin Utba:
We were informed that Musailima Al-Kadhdhab
had arrived in Medina and stayed in the house of
the daughter of Al-Harith. The daughter of
Al-Harith bin Kuraiz was his wife and she was
the mother of 'Abdullah bin 'Amir. There came to
him Allah's Apostle accompanied by Thabit bin
Qais bin Shammas who was called the orator of

Allah's Apostle. Allah's Apostle had a stick in his

hand then. The Prophet stopped before
Musailima and spoke to him. Musailima said to
him, "If you wish, we would not interfere
between you and the rule, on condition that the

rule will be ours after you... The Prophet said, "If

you asked me for this stick, I would not give it to

you. I think you are the same person who was
shown to me in a dream. And this is Thabit bin
Al-Qais who will answer you on my behalf." The
Prophet then went away. I asked Ibn Abbas
about the dream Allah's Apostle had mentioned.
Ibn Abbas said, "Someone told me that the
Prophet said, "When I was sleeping, I saw in a
dream that two gold bangles were put in my
hands, and that frightened me and made me
dislike them. Then I was allowed to blow on
them, and when I blew at them, both of them
flew. Then I interpreted them as two liars who
would appear.' One of them was Al-'Ansi who
was killed by Fairuz in Yemen and the other was
Musailima Al-Kadhdbab."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 663:
Narrated Hudhaifa:
Al-'Aqib and Saiyid, the rulers of Najran, came

to Allah's Apostle with the intention of doing Lian

one of them said to the other, "Do not do (this
Lian) for, by Allah, if he is a Prophet and we do
this Lian, neither we, nor our offspring after us
will be successful." Then both of them said (to
the Prophet ), "We will give what you should ask
but you should send a trustworthy man with us,
and do not send any person with us but an
honest one." The Prophet said, "I will send an
honest man who Is really trustworthy." Then
every one of the companions of Allah's Apostle
wished to be that one. Then the Prophet said,
"Get up, O Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah." When
he got up, Allah's Apostle said, "This is the
Trustworthy man of this (Muslim) nation."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 664:
Narrated Hudhaifa:
The people of Najran came to the Prophet and
said, "Send an honest man to us." The Prophet
said, "I will send to you an honest man who is
really trustworthy." Everyone of the (Muslim)
people hoped to be that one. The Prophet then
sent Abu Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 665:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "Every nation has an Amin (i.e.
the most honest man), and the Amin of this nation
is Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 666:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said to me, "If the revenue of
Al-Bahrain should come, I will give you so much
and so much," repeating "so much" thrice. But the
revenue of Al-Bahrain did not come till Allah's
Apostle had died. When the revenue came
during the rule of Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr ordered
an announcer to announce, "Whoever had any
debt or promise due upon the Prophet, should
present himself to me (i.e. Abu Bakr). I came to
Abu Bakr and informed him that the Prophet had

said (to me), "If the revenue of Al-Bahrain should

come, I will give you so-much and so much,"
repeating "so much" thrice. So Abu Bakr gave
me (in another narration Jaibir said,). I met Abu
Bakr after that and asked him (to give me what
the Prophet had promised me) but he did not
give me. I again went to him but he did not give

me. I again went to him (for the third time) but he

did not give me; On that I said to him, "I came to

you but you did not give me, then I came to you
and you did not give me, and then again I came
to you, but you did not give me; so you should
either give me or else you are like a miserly to
me, on that, Abu Bakr said, "Do you say, 'You
are like a miserly to me?' There is no worse

disease than miserliness." Abu Bakr said it thrice

and added, "Whenever I refused to give you, I
had the intention of giving you." (In another
narration) Jabir bin 'Abdullah said, "I went to
Abu Bakr (and he gave me a handful of money)
and told me to count it, I counted and found it
five-hundred, and then Abu Bakr said (to me),
"Take the same amount twice."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 667:
Narrated Abu Musa:
My brother and I came from Yemen (to Medina)
and remained for some time, thinking that Ibn
Masud and his mother belonged to the family of
the Prophet because of their frequent entrance
(upon the Prophet) and their being attached to
him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 668:
Narrated Zahdam:
When Abu Musa arrived (at Kufa as a governor)
he honored this family of Jarm (by paying them a

visit). I was sitting near to him, and he was eating

chicken as his lunch, and there was a man sitting
amongst the people. Abu Musa invited the man

to the lunch, but the latter said, "I saw chickens

(eating something (dirty) so I consider them
unclean." Abu Musa said, "Come on! I saw the

Prophet eating it (i.e. chicken)." The man said "I

have taken an oath that I will not ea (chicken)"
Abu Musa said." Come on! I will tell you about
your oath. We, a group of Al-Ash'ariyin people
went to the Prophet and asked him to give us
something to ride, but the Prophet refused. Then
we asked him for the second time to give us
something to ride, but the Prophet took an oath

that he would not give us anything to ride. After a

while, some camels of booty were brought to the
Prophet and he ordered that five camels be given
to us. When we took those camels we said, "We
have made the Prophet forget his oath, and we

will not be successful after that." So I went to the

Prophet and said, "O Allah' Apostle ! You took
an oath that you would not give us anything to

ride, but you have given us." He said, "Yes, for if

I take an oath and later I see a better solution
than that, I act on the later (and gave the
expiation of that oaths"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 669:
Narrated Imran bin Husain:
The people of Banu Tamim came to Allah's
Apostle, and he said, "Be glad (i.e. have good
tidings). O Banu Tamim!" They said, "As you
have given us good tidings then give us (some

material things)." On that the features of Allah's

Apostle changed (i.e. he took it ill). Then some
people from Yemen came, and the Prophet said
(to them) "Accept good tidings as Banu Tamim
have not accepted them." They said, "We accept
them, O Allah's Apostle!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 670:
Narrated Abu Masud: The Prophet beckoned
with his hand towards Yemen and said, "Belief is
there." The harshness and mercilessness are the
qualities of those farmers etc, who are busy with
their camels and pay no attention to the religion
(is towards
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 671:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The people of Yemen have
come to you and they are more gentle and
soft-hearted. Belief is Yemenite and Wisdom is
Yemenite, while pride and haughtiness are the

qualities of the owners of camels (i.e. bedouins).

Calmness and solemnity are the characters of the
owners of sheep."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 672:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Belief is Yemenite while
afflictions appear from there (the east) from
where the side of the head of Satan will appear."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 673:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The people of Yemen have
come to you, and they are more soft hearted and
gentle hearted people. The capacity for
understanding religion is Yemenite and Wisdom
is Yemenite."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 674:
Narrated Alqama:
We were sitting with Ibn Masud when Khabbab
came and said, "O Abu Abdur-Rahman! Can
these young fellows recite Qur'an as you do?"
Ibn Mas'ud said, "If you wish I can order one of
them to recite (Qur'an) for you ." Khabbab
replied, "Yes. "Ibn Mas'ud said, "Recite, O
'Alqama!" On that, Zaid bin Hudair, the brother
of Ziyad bin Hudair said, (to Ibn Mas'ud), "Why
have you ordered 'Alqama to recite though he
does not recite better than we?" Ibn Mas'ud said,
"If you like, I would tell you what the Prophet
said about your nation and his (i.e. 'Alqama's)
nation." So I recited fifty Verses from
Sura-Maryam. 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) said to
Khabbab, "What do you think (about 'Alqama's
recitation)?" Khabbab said, "He has recited
well." 'Abdullah said, "Whatever I recite,
'Alqama recites." Then 'Abdullah turned towards
Khabbab and saw that he was wearing a gold
ring, whereupon he said, "Hasn't the time for its
throwing away come yet?" Khabbab said, "You
will not see me wearing it after today," and he
throw it away.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 675:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Tufail bin 'Amr came to the Prophet and said,
"The Daus (nation) have perished as they
disobeyed and refused to accept Islam. So
invoke Allah against them." But the Prophet said,
"O Allah! Give guidance to the Daus (tribe) and
bring them (to Islam)!"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 676:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
When I came to the Prophet said on my way, "O
what a long tedious tiresome night; nevertheless,
it has rescued me from the place of Heathenism."
A slave of mine ran away on the way. When I
reached the Prophet I gave him the oath of

allegiance (for Islam), and while I was sitting with

him, suddenly the slave appeared. The Prophet
said to me. "O Abu Huraira! Here is your slave,"

I said, "He (i.e. the slave) is (free) for Allah's

Sake," and manumitted him.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 677:
Narrated 'Adi bin Hatim:
We came to 'Umar in a delegation (during his
rule). He started calling the men one by one,
calling each by his name. (As he did not call me
early) I said to him. "Don't you know me, O chief
of the Believers?" He said, "Yes, you embraced
Islam when they (i.e. your people) disbelieved;
you have come (to the Truth) when they ran
away; you fulfilled your promises when they

broke theirs; and you recognized it (i.e. the Truth

of Islam) when they denied it." On that, 'Adi said,

"I therefore don't care."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 678:
Narrated 'Aisha:
We went out with Allah's Apostle during
Hajjat-ul-Wada' and we assumed the Ihram for
'Umra. Then Allah's Apostle said to us,
"Whoever has got the Hadi should assume the
Ihram for Hajj and 'Umra and should not finish
his Ihram till he has performed both ('Umra and

Hajj)." I arrived at Mecca along with him (i.e. the

Prophet ) while I was menstruating, so I did not
perform the Tawaf around the Ka'ba or between
Safa and Marwa. I informed Allah's Apostle
about that and he said, "Undo your braids and
comb your hair, and then assume the lhram for
Hajj and leave the 'Umra." I did so, and when
we performed and finished the Hajj, Allah's
Apostles sent me to At-Tanim along with (my
brother) 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr
As-Siddiq, to perform the 'Umra. The Prophet

said, "This 'Umra is in lieu of your missed 'Umra."

Those who had assumed the lhram for 'Umra,
performed the Tawaf around the Ka'ba and
between Safa and Marwa, and then finished their
Ihram, and on their return from Mina, they
performed another Tawaf (around the Ka'ba and
between Safa and Marwa), but those who
combined their Hajj and 'Umra, performed only
one Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa) (for
both).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 679:
Narrated Ibn Juraij:

'Ata' said, "Ibn 'Abbas said, 'If he (i.e. the one

intending to perform 'Umra) has performed the
Tawaf around the Ka'ba, his Ihram is considered
to have finished.' said, 'What proof does Ibn
'Abbas has as to this saying?" 'Ata' said, "(The
proof is taken) from the Statement of Allah:--
"And afterwards they are brought For sacrifice
unto Ancient House (Ka'ba at Mecca)" (22.33)
and from the order of the Prophet to his
companions to finish their Ihram during
Hajjat-ul-Wada." I said (to 'Ata'), "That (i.e.
finishing the Ihram) was after coming form

'Arafat." 'Ata' said, "Ibn 'Abbas used to allow it

before going to 'Arafat (after finishing the 'Umra)

and after coming from it (i.e. after performing the

Hajj)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 680:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
I came to the Prophet at a place called
Al-Batha'. The Prophet said, "Did you assume
the Ihram for Hajj?" I said, "Yes," He said, "How
did you express your intention (for performing
Hajj)? " I said, "Labbaik (i.e. I am ready) to
assume the Ihram with the same intention as that
of Allah's Apostle." The Prophet said, "Perform
the Tawaf around the Ka'ba and between Safa
and Marwa, and then finish your Ihram." So I
performed the Tawaf around the Ka'ba and
between Safa and Marwa and then I came to a
woman from the tribe of Qais who removed the
lice from my head.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 681:
Narrated Hafsa:
(the wife of the Prophet) The Prophet ordered all

his wives to finish their Ihram during the year of

Hajjat-ul-Wada. On that, I asked the Prophet
"What stops you from finishing your lhram?" He
said, "I have matted my hair and garlanded my
Hadi. So I will not finish my Ihram unless I have
slaughtered my Hadi."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 682:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
A woman from the tribe of Khath'am asked for
the verdict of Allah's Apostle (regarding
something) during Hajjat-ul-Wada' while Al-Fadl
bin 'Abbas was the companion-rider behind
Allah's Apostle. She asked, "Allah's ordained
obligation (i.e. compulsory Hajj) enjoined on His
slaves has become due on my old father who

cannot sit firmly on the riding animal. Will it be

sufficient if I perform the Hajj on his behalf?" He

said, "Yes."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 683:
Narrated (Abdullah) bin 'Umar:
The Prophet arrived (at Mecca) in the year of the
Conquest (of Mecca) while Usama was riding
behind him on (his she-camel)'. Al-Qaswa.' Bilal
and 'Uthman bin Talha were accompanying him.
When he made his she-camel kneel down near
the Ka'ba, he said to 'Uthman, "Get us the key
(of the Ka'ba). He brought the key to him and
opened the gate (of the Ka'ba), for him. The
Prophet, Usama, Bilal and 'Uthman (bin Talha)
entered the Ka'ba and then closed the gate
behind them (from inside). The Prophet stayed
there for a long period and then came out. The

people rushed to get in, but I went in before them

and found Bilal standing behind the gate, and I
said to him, "Where did the Prophet pray?" He
said, "He prayed between those two front
pillars." The Ka'ba was built on six pillars,
arranged in two rows, and he prayed between

the two pillars of the front row leaving the gate of

the Ka'ba at his back and facing (in prayer) the
wall which faces one when one enters the Ka'ba.
Between him and that wall (was the distance of
about three cubits). But I forgot to ask Bilal
about the number of Rakat the Prophet had
prayed. There was a red piece of marble at the
place where he (i.e. the Prophet) had offered the
prayer.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 684:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) Safiya bin Huyai, the
wife of the Prophet menstruated during
Hajjat-ul-Wada' The Prophet said, "Is she going
to detain us?" I said to him, "She has already
come to Mecca and performed the Tawaf
(ul-ifada) around the Ka'ba, O Allah's Apostle."
The Prophet said, " Let her then proceed on (to
Medina)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 685:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
We were talking about Hajjat-ul-Wada, while
the Prophet was amongst us. We did not know
what Hajjat-ul-Wada' signified. The Prophet
praised Allah and then mentioned Al-Masih
Ad-Dajjal and described him extensively, saying,
"Allah did not send any prophet but that prophet
warned his nation of Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal. Noah
and the prophets following him warned (their
people) of him. He will appear amongst you (O
Muhammad's followers), and if it happens that
some of his qualities may be hidden from you,
but your Lord's State is clear to you and not
hidden from you. The Prophet said it thrice.

Verily, your Lord is not blind in one eye, while he

(i.e. Ad-Dajjal) is blind in the right eye which

looks like a grape bulging out (of its cluster). No

doubt,! Allah has made your blood and your

properties sacred to one another like the sanctity

of this day of yours, in this town of yours, in this

month of yours." The Prophet added: No doubt!
Haven't I conveyed Allah's Message to you? "
They replied, "Yes," The Prophet said thrice, "O
Allah! Be witness for it." The Prophet added,
"Woe to you!" (or said), "May Allah be merciful
to you! Do not become infidels after me (i.e. my
death) by cutting the necks (throats) of one
another."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 686:
Narrated Zaid bin Arqam:
The Prophet fought nineteen Ghazwas and
performed only one Hajj after he migrated (to
Medina), and did not perform another Hajj after
it, and that was Hajj-ul-Wada,' Abu Ishaq said,
"He performed when he was in Mecca."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 687:
Narrated Jarir:
The Prophet ordered me during Hajjatul-Wada'.
"Ask the people to listen." He then said, "Do not
become infidels after me by cutting the necks
(throats) of one another. "
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 688:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
The Prophet said, "Time has taken its original
shape which it had when Allah created the
Heavens and the Earth. The year is of twelve
months, four of which are sacred, and out of
these (four) three are in succession, i.e.
Dhul-Qa'da, Dhul-Hijja and Al-Muharram, and
the fourth is Rajab which is named after the
Mudar tribe, between (the month of) Jumaida
(ath-thania) and Sha'ban." Then the Prophet
asked, "Which is this month?" We said, "Allah
and His Apostle know better." On that the
Prophet kept quiet so long that we thought that
he might name it with another name. Then the
Prophet said, "Isn't it the month of Dhul-Hijja?"
We replied, "Yes." Then he said, "Which town is
this?" "We replied, "Allah and His Apostle know
better." On that he kept quiet so long that we
thought that he might name it with another name.
Then he said, "Isn't it the town of Mecca?" We
replied, "Yes, " Then he said, "Which day is
today?" We replied, "Allah and His Apostle
know better." He kept quiet so long that we
thought that he might name it with another name.
Then he said, "Isn't it the day of An-Nahr (i.e.
sacrifice)?" We replied, "Yes." He said, "So your
blood, your properties, (The sub-narrator
Muhammad said, 'I think the Prophet also said:
And your honor..) are sacred to one another like

the sanctity of this day of yours, in this city of

yours, in this month of yours; and surely, you will

meet your Lord, and He will ask you about your
deeds. Beware! Do not become infidels after me,

cutting the throats of one another. It is incumbent

on those who are present to convey this message
(of mine) to those who are absent. May be that
some of those to whom it will be conveyed will
understand it better than those who have actually
heard it." (The sub-narrator, Muhammad, on
remembering that narration, used to say,
"Muhammad spoke the truth!") He (i.e. Prophet)
then added twice, "No doubt! Haven't I
conveyed (Allah's Message) to you?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 689:
Narrated Tariq bin Shibab:
Some Jews said, "Had this Verse been revealed
to us, we would have taken that day as 'Id
(festival)." 'Umar said, "What Verse?" They
said:-- "This day I have Perfected your religion
for you, Completed My Favor upon you And
have chosen for you Islam as your religion" (5.3)
'Umar said, "I know the place where it was
revealed; It was revealed while Allah's Apostle
was staying at 'Arafat."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 690:
Narrated 'Aisha:
We set out with Allah's Apostle, and some of us
assumed the lhram for 'Umra, some assumed it
for Hajj, and some assumed it for both Hajj and
'Umra. Allah's Apostle assumed the Ihram for
Hajj. So those who had assumed the Ihram for
Hajj or for both Hajj and 'Umra, did not finish

their Ihram till the day of An-Nahr (i.e. slaughter

of sacrifices).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 691:
Narrated Malik:
The same as above (Hadith 690), saying, "(We
set out) with Allah's Apostle in
Hajjat-ul-Wada'...)"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 692:
Narrated Malik:
The same as above (Hadith 690).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 693:
Narrated Sad:
The Prophet visited me during Hajjat ul-Wada'
while I was suffering from a disease which
brought me to the verge of death. I said, "O
Allah's Apostle! My ailment has reached such a
(bad) state as you see, and I have much wealth,
but I have no-one to inherit from me except my
only daughter. Shall I give 2/3 of my property as
alms (in charity)?" The Prophet said, "No," I
said, "Shall I give half of my property as alms?"

He said, "No." I said, "(Shall I give) 1/3 of it? "

He replied, " 1/3, and even 1/3 is too much. It is

better for you to leave your inheritors wealthy
rather than to leave them poor, begging people
(for their sustenance); and whatever you spend
for Allah's Sake, you will get reward for it even
for the morsel of food which you put in your
wives mouth." I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Should
I remain (in Mecca) behind my companions (who
are going with you to Medina)?" The Prophet
said, "If you remain behind, any good deed
which you will do for Allah's Sake, will upgrade
and elevate you. May be you will live longer so
that some people may benefit by you and some
other (i.e. infidels) may get harmed by you." The
Prophet then added, "O Allah! Complete the
Migration of my companions and do not turn
them on their heels. But the poor Sad bin Khaula
(not the above mentioned Sad) (died in Mecca)
." Allah's Apostle pitied Sad for he died in
Mecca.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 694:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet got his head shaved during
Hajjat-ul-Wada.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 695:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
During Hajjat-ul-Wada', the Prophet and some
of his companions got their heads shaved while
some of his companions got their head-hair cut
short.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 696:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
That he came riding a donkey when Allah 's
Apostle was standing at Mina during
Hajjat-ul-Wada', leading the people in prayer.
The donkey passed in front of a part of the row
(of the people offering the prayer). Then he
dismounted from it and took his position in the
row with the people.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 697:
Narrated Hisham's father:
In my presence, Usama was asked about the
speed of the Prophet during his Hajj. He replied,
"It was Al-'Anaq (i.e. moderate easy speed) and
if he encountered an open space, he used to
increase his speed."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 698:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Yazid Al-Khatmi:
That Abu Aiyub informed him that he offered the
Maghrib and 'Isha' prayers together with the
Prophet during Hajjat-ul-Wada.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 699:
Narrated Abu Musa:
My Companions sent me to Allah's Apostle to
ask him for some animals to ride on as they were
accompanying him in the army of Al-Usra, and
that was the Ghazwa (Battle) of Tabuk, I said,
"O Allah's Prophet! My companions have sent
me to you to provide them with means of
transportation." He said, "By Allah! I will not
make you ride anything." It happened that when I
reached him, he was in an angry mood, and I
didn't notice it. So I returned in a sad mood
because of the refusal the Prophet and for the
fear that the Prophet might have become 'angry
with me. So I returned to my companions and
informed them of what the Prophet had said.
Only a short while had passed when I heard Bilal
calling, "O 'Abdullah bin Qais!" I replied to his
call. Bilal said, "Respond to Allah's Apostle who
is calling you." When I went to him (i.e. the
Prophet), he said, "Take these two camels tied
together and also these two camels tied

together,"' referring to six camels he had brought

them from Sad at that time. The Prophet added,
"Take them to your companions and say, 'Allah

(or Allah's Apostle ) allows you to ride on these,'

so ride on them." So I took those camels to them
and said, "The Prophet allows you to ride on
these (camels) but by Allah, I will not leave you
till some of you proceed with me to somebody
who heard the statement of Allah's Apostle. Do
not think that I narrate to you a thing which
Allah's Apostle has not said." They said to me,
"We consider you truthful, and we will do what
you like." The sub-narrator added: So Abu Musa
proceeded along with some of them till they
came to those who have heard the statement of
Allah's Apostle wherein he denied them (some
animals to ride on) and (his statement) whereby
he gave them the same. So these people told
them the same information as Abu Musa had told
them.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 700:
Narrated Sad:

Allah's Apostle set out for Tabuk. appointing 'Ali

as his deputy (in Medina). 'Ali said, "Do you
want to leave me with the children and women?"
The Prophet said, "Will you not be pleased that
you will be to me like Aaron to Moses? But
there will be no prophet after me."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 701:
Narrated Safwan bin Yala bin Umaiya:

that his father said, "I participated in Al-Usra (i.e.

Tabuk) along with the Prophet." Yala added,
"(My participation in) that Ghazwa was the best
of my deeds to me." Ya'la said, "I had a laborer
who quarrelled with somebody, and one of the
two bit the hand of the other ('Ata', the
sub-narrator, said, "Safwan told me who bit
whom but I forgot it"), and the one who was
bitten, pulled his hand out of the mouth of the
biter, so one of the incisors of the biter was
broken. So we came to the Prophet and he
considered the biter's claim as invalid (i.e. the
biter did not get a recompense for his broken
incisor). The Prophet said, "Should he leave his

hand in your mouth so that you might snap it as if

it were in the mouth of a male camel to snap it?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 702:
Narrated Abdullah bin Kab bin Malik:
Who, from among Kab's sons, was the guide of
Kab when he became blind: I heard Kab bin
Malik narrating the story of (the Ghazwa of)
Tabuk in which he failed to take part. Kab said,
"I did not remain behind Allah's Apostle in any
Ghazwa that he fought except the Ghazwa of
Tabuk, and I failed to take part in the Ghazwa of
Badr, but Allah did not admonish anyone who
had not participated in it, for in fact, Allah's
Apostle had gone out in search of the caravan of
Quraish till Allah made them (i.e. the Muslims)
and their enemy meet without any appointment. I
witnessed the night of Al-'Aqaba (pledge) with
Allah's Apostle when we pledged for Islam, and
I would not exchange it for the Badr battle
although the Badr battle is more popular amongst

the people than it (i.e. Al-'Aqaba pledge). As for

my news (in this battle of Tabuk), I had never
been stronger or wealthier than I was when I
remained behind the Prophet in that Ghazwa.
By Allah, never had I two she-camels before, but
I had then at the time of this Ghazwa. Whenever
Allah's Apostle wanted to make a Ghazwa, he

used to hide his intention by apparently referring

to different Ghazwa till it was the time of that
Ghazwa (of Tabuk) which Allah's Apostle fought

in severe heat, facing, a long journey, desert, and

the great number of enemy. So the Prophet
announced to the Muslims clearly (their
destination) so that they might get prepared for
their Ghazwa. So he informed them clearly of the
destination he was going to. Allah's Apostle was
accompanied by a large number of Muslims who

could not be listed in a book namely, a register."

Ka'b added, "Any man who intended to be
absent would think that the matter would remain
hidden unless Allah revealed it through Divine
Revelation. So Allah's Apostle fought that
Ghazwa at the time when the fruits had ripened
and the shade looked pleasant. Allah's Apostle
and his companions prepared for the battle and I
started to go out in order to get myself ready
along with them, but I returned without doing
anything. I would say to myself, 'I can do that.'
So I kept on delaying it every now and then till
the people got ready and Allah's Apostle and the
Muslims along with him departed, and I had not
prepared anything for my departure, and I said, I
will prepare myself (for departure) one or two
days after him, and then join them.' In the
morning following their departure, I went out to
get myself ready but returned having done
nothing. Then again in the next morning, I went
out to get ready but returned without doing
anything.
Such was the case with me till they hurried away
and the battle was missed (by me). Even then I
intended to depart to take them over. I wish I
had done so! But it was not in my luck. So, after
the departure of Allah's Apostle, whenever I
went out and walked amongst the people (i.e, the

remaining persons), it grieved me that I could see

none around me, but one accused of hypocrisy
or one of those weak men whom Allah had
excused. Allah's Apostle did not remember me
till he reached Tabuk. So while he was sitting
amongst the people in Tabuk, he said, 'What did
Ka'b do?' A man from Banu Salama said, 'O
Allah's Apostle! He has been stopped by his two
Burdas (i.e. garments) and his looking at his own
flanks with pride.' Then Mu'adh bin Jabal said,
'What a bad thing you have said! By Allah! O
Allahs Apostle! We know nothing about him but
good.' Allah's Apostle kept silent." Ka'b bin
Malik added, "When I heard that he (i.e. the
Prophet ) was on his way back to Medina. I got
dipped in my concern, and began to think of false
excuses, saying to myself, 'How can I avoid his
anger tomorrow?' And I took the advice of wise
member of my family in this matter. When it was
said that Allah's Apostle, had come near all the
evil false excuses abandoned from my mind and I
knew well that I could never come out of this
problem by forging a false statement. Then I
decided firmly to speak the truth. So Allah's
Apostle arrived in the morning, and whenever he
returned from a journey., he used to visit the
Mosque first of all and offer a two-Rak'at prayer
therein and then sit for the people. So when he

had done all that (this time), those who had failed

to join the battle (of Tabuk) came and started
offering (false) excuses and taking oaths before
him. They were something over eighty men;
Allah's Apostle accepted the excuses they had
expressed, took their pledge of allegiance asked
for Allah's Forgiveness for them, and left the

secrets of their hearts for Allah to judge. Then I

came to him, and when I greeted him, he smiled
a smile of an angry person and then said, 'Come
on.' So I came walking till I sat before him. He
said to me, 'What stopped you from joining us.
Had you not purchased an animal For carrying
you?' I answered, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle! But

by Allah, if I were sitting before any person from

among the people of the world other than you, I
would have avoided his anger with an excuse.
By Allah, I have been bestowed with the power

of speaking fluently and eloquently, but by Allah,

I knew well that if today I tell you a lie to seek

your favor, Allah would surely make you angry
with me in the near future, but if I tell you the
truth, though you will get angry because of it, I
hope for Allah's Forgiveness. Really, by Allah,
there was no excuse for me. By Allah, I had
never been stronger or wealthier than I was when
I remained behind you.' Then Allah's Apostle

said, 'As regards this man, he has surely told the

truth. So get up till Allah decides your case.' I got

up, and many men of Banu Salama followed me
and said to me. 'By Allah, we never witnessed
you doing any sin before this. Surely, you failed
to offer excuse to Allah's Apostle as the others
who did not join him, have offered. The prayer of
Allah's Apostle to Allah to forgive you would
have been sufficient for you.' By Allah, they
continued blaming me so much that I intended to
return (to the Prophet) and accuse myself of
having told a lie, but I said to them, 'Is there
anybody else who has met the same fate as I
have?' They replied, 'Yes, there are two men
who have said the same thing as you have, and to
both of them was given the same order as given
to you.' I said, 'Who are they?' They replied,
Murara bin Ar-Rabi Al-Amri and Hilal bin
Umaiya Al-Waqifi.' By that they mentioned to
me two pious men who had attended the
Ghazwa (Battle) of Badr, and in whom there was
an example for me. So I did not change my mind
when they mentioned them to me. Allah's

Apostle forbade all the Muslims to talk to us, the

three aforesaid persons out of all those who had
remained behind in that Ghazwa. So we kept
away from the people and they changed their
attitude towards us till the very land (where I
lived) appeared strange to me as if I did not
know it.

We remained in that condition for fifty nights. As

regards my two fellows, they remained in their
houses and kept on weeping, but I was the
youngest of them and the firmest of them, so I
used to go out and witness the prayers along with
the Muslims and roam about in the markets, but
none would talk to me, and I would come to

Allah's Apostle and greet him while he was sitting

In his gathering after the prayer, and I would
wonder whether the Prophet did move his lips in
return to my greetings or not. Then I would offer
my prayer near to him and look at him stealthily.
When I was busy with my prayer, he would turn
his face towards me, but when I turned my face
to him, he would turn his face away from me.
When this harsh attitude of the people lasted

long, I walked till I scaled the wall of the garden

of Abu Qatada who was my cousin and dearest
person to me, and I offered my greetings to him.
By Allah, he did not return my greetings. I said,
'O Abu Qatada! I beseech you by Allah! Do you
know that I love Allah and His Apostle?' He
kept quiet. I asked him again, beseeching him by
Allah, but he remained silent. Then I asked him
again in the Name of Allah. He said, "Allah and
His Apostle know it better.' Thereupon my eyes
flowed with tears and I returned and jumped
over the wall." Ka'b added, "While I was
walking in the market of Medina, suddenly I saw
a Nabati (i.e. a Christian farmer) from the
Nabatis of Sham who came to sell his grains in
Medina, saying, 'Who will lead me to Kab bin
Malik?' The people began to point (me) out for
him till he came to me and handed me a letter
from the king of Ghassan in which the following
was written:
"To proceed, I have been informed that your

friend (i.e. the Prophet ) has treated you harshly.

Anyhow, Allah does not let you live at a place

where you feel inferior and your right is lost. So

join us, and we will console you."
When I read it, I said to myself, 'This is also a

sort of a test.' Then I took the letter to the oven

and made a fire therein by burning it. When forty
out of the fifty nights elapsed, behold ! There
came to me the messenger of Allah's Apostle and
said, 'Allah's Apostle orders you to keep away

from your wife,' I said, 'Should I divorce her; or

else! what should I do?' He said, 'No, only keep
aloof from her and do not cohabit her.' The
Prophet sent the same message to my two
fellows. Then I said to my wife. 'Go to your
parents and remain with them till Allah gives His
Verdict in this matter." Kab added, "The wife of
Hilal bin Umaiya came to Apostle and said, 'O
Allah's Apostle! Hilal bin Umaiya is a helpless
old man who has no servant to attend on him. Do
you dislike that I should serve him? ' He said,
'No (you can serve him) but he should not come
near you.' She said, 'By Allah, he has no desire
for anything. By, Allah, he has never ceased

weeping till his case began till this day of his.'

On that, some of my family members said to me,
'Will you also ask Allah's Apostle to permit your
wife (to serve you) as he has permitted the wife
of Hilal bin Umaiya to serve him?' I said, 'By
Allah, I will not ask the permission of Allah's
Apostle regarding her, for I do not know What
Allah's Apostle would say if I asked him to
permit her (to serve me) while I am a young
man.' Then I remained in that state for ten more

nights after that till the period of fifty nights was

completed starting from the time when Allah's
Apostle prohibited the people from talking to us.
When I had offered the Fajr prayer on the 50th
morning on the roof of one of our houses and
while I was sitting in the condition which Allah
described (in the Quran) i.e. my very soul
seemed straitened to me and even the earth
seemed narrow to me for all its spaciousness,
there I heard the voice of one who had ascended
the mountain of Sala' calling with his loudest
voice, 'O Kab bin Malik! Be happy (by receiving
good tidings).' I fell down in prostration before
Allah, realizing that relief has come. Allah's
Apostle had announced the acceptance of our
repentance by Allah when he had offered the
Fajr prayer. The people then went out to
congratulate us. Some bringers of good tidings
went out to my two fellows, and a horseman
came to me in haste, and a man of Banu Aslam
came running and ascended the mountain and his
voice was swifter than the horse. When he (i.e.
the man) whose voice I had heard, came to me
conveying the good tidings, I took off my
garments and dressed him with them; and by
Allah, I owned no other garments than them on
that day. Then I borrowed two garments and
wore them and went to Allah's Apostle.
The people started receiving me in batches,
congratulating me on Allah's Acceptance of my
repentance, saying, 'We congratulate you on
Allah's Acceptance of your repentance." Kab
further said, "When I entered the Mosque. I saw
Allah's Apostle sitting with the people around
him. Talha bin Ubaidullah swiftly came to me,
shook hands with me and congratulated me. By
Allah, none of the Muhajirin (i.e. Emigrants) got

up for me except him (i.e. Talha), and I will never

forget this for Talha." Kab added, "When I
greeted Allah's Apostle he, his face being bright
with joy, said "Be happy with the best day that
you have got ever since your mother delivered
you." Kab added, "I said to the Prophet 'Is this
forgiveness from you or from Allah?' He said,
'No, it is from Allah.' Whenever Allah's Apostle
became happy, his face would shine as if it were
a piece of moon, and we all knew that
characteristic of him. When I sat before him, I
said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Because of the
acceptance of my repentance I will give up all my
wealth as alms for the Sake of Allah and His
Apostle. Allah's Apostle said, 'Keep some of

your wealth, as it will be better for you.' I said,

'So I will keep my share from Khaibar with me,'
and added, 'O Allah's Apostle! Allah has saved
me for telling the truth; so it is a part of my

repentance not to tell but the truth as long as I am

alive. By Allah, I do not know anyone of the
Muslims whom Allah has helped fortelling the
truth more than me. Since I have mentioned that
truth to Allah's Apostle till today, I have never

intended to tell a lie. I hope that Allah will also

save me (from telling lies) the rest of my life. So

Allah revealed to His Apostle the Verse:--
"Verily, Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the
Muhajirin (i.e. Emigrants (up to His Saying) And
be with those who are true (in word and deed)."
(9.117-119)
By Allah, Allah has never bestowed upon me,
apart from His guiding me to Islam, a Greater

blessing than the fact that I did not tell a lie to

Allah's Apostle which would have caused me to
perish as those who have told a lie perished, for
Allah described those who told lies with the
worst description He ever attributed to anybody

else. Allah said:-- "They (i.e. the hypocrites) will

swear by Allah to you when you return to them
(up to His Saying) Certainly Allah is not pleased
with the rebellious people--" (9.95-96) Kab
added, "We, the three persons, differed
altogether from those whose excuses Allah's
Apostle accepted when they swore to him. He
took their pledge of allegiance and asked Allah

to forgive them, but Allah's Apostle left our case

pending till Allah gave His Judgment about it. As
for that Allah said):-- And to the three (He did
for give also) who remained behind." (9.118)
What Allah said (in this Verse) does not indicate
our failure to take part in the Ghazwa, but it
refers to the deferment of making a decision by
the Prophet about our case in contrast to the
case of those who had taken an oath before him
and he excused them by accepting their excuses.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 703:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
When the Prophet passed by Al-Hijr, he said,
"Do not enter the dwelling places of those people
who were unjust to themselves unless you enter
in a weeping state lest the same calamity as of
theirs should befall you." Then he covered his
head and made his speed fast till he crossed the
valley.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 704:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle said to his companions who were
at Al-Hijr, "Do not enter upon these people who
are being punished, except in a weeping state,
lest the same calamity as of theirs should befall
you..."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 705:
Narrated Urwa bin Al-Mughira:
Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba, said, "The Prophet went
out to answer the call of nature and (when he had

finished) I got up to pour water for him." I think

that he said that the event had taken place during

the Ghazwa of Tabuk. Al-Mughira added. "The
Prophet washed his face, and when he wanted to
wash his forearms, the sleeves of his cloak
became tight over them, so he took them out
from underneath the cloak and then he washed
them (i.e. his forearms) and passed wet hands
over his Khuffs."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 706:
Narrated Abu Humaid: We returned in the
company of the Prophet from the Ghazwa of
Tabuk, and when we looked upon Medina, the
Prophet said, "This is Taba (i.e. Medina), and
this is Uhud, a mountain that loves us and is
loved by us."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 707:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle returned from the Ghazwa of
Tabuk, and when he approached Medina, he
said, "There are some people in Medina who

were with you all the time, you did not travel any

portion of the journey nor crossed any valley, but

they were with you they (i.e. the people) said, "O

Allah's Apostle! Even though they were at
Medina?" He said, "Yes, because they were
stopped by a genuine excuse."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 708:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle sent a letter to Khosrau with
Abdullah bin Hudhafa As-Sahmi and told him to
hand it over to the governor of Al-Bahrain. The
governor of Al-Bahrain handed it over to
Khosrau, and when he read the latter, he tore it
into pieces. (The sub-narrator added, "I think
that Ibn Al-Musaiyab said, 'Allah 's Apostle
invoked (Allah) to tear them all totally Khosrau
and his companions) into pieces.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 709:
Narrated Abu Bakra:

During the days (of the battle) of Al-Jamal, Allah

benefited me with a word I had heard from

Allah's Apostle after I had been about to join the

Companions of Al-Jamal (i.e. the camel) and
fight along with them. When Allah's Apostle was
informed that the Persians had crowned the

daughter of Khosrau as their ruler, he said, "Such

people as ruled by a lady will never be
successful."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 710:
Narrated As-Sa'ib bin Yazid:
I remember that I went out with the boys to (the
place called) Thaniyat-ul-Wada to receive
Allah's Apostle .
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 711:
Narrated As-Saib:
I remember I went out with the boys to
Thaniyat-ul-Wada' to receive the Prophet when
he returned from the Ghazwa of Tabuk.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 712:
Narrated Um Al-Fadl bint Al-Harith:
I heard the Prophet reciting Surat-al-Mursalat
'Urfan (77) in the Maghrib prayer, and after that
prayer he did not lead us in any prayer till he
died.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 713:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
'Umar bin Al-Khattab used to let Ibn Abbas sit
beside him, so 'AbdurRahman bin 'Auf said to
'Umar, "We have sons similar to him." 'Umar

replied, "(I respect him) because of his status that

you know." 'Umar then asked Ibn 'Abbas about
the meaning of this Holy Verse:-- "When comes

the help of Allah and the conquest of Mecca . . ."

(110.1)
Ibn 'Abbas replied, "That indicated the death of
Allah's Apostle which Allah informed him of."
'Umar said, "I do not understand of it except
what you understand."
Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet in his ailment in

which he died, used to say, "O 'Aisha! I still feel

the pain caused by the food I ate at Khaibar, and

at this time, I feel as if my aorta is being cut from

that poison."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 714:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Whenever Allah's Apostle became ill, he used to
recite Al-Muawidhatan (i.e. the last two Suras of
the Qur'an) and then blow his breath and passed
his hand over himself. When he had his fatal
illness, I started reciting Al-Muawidhatan and
blowing my breath over him as he used to do,
and then I rubbed the hand of the Prophet over
his body.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 715:
Narrated 'Aisha:

I heard the Prophet and listened to him before his

death while he was Lying supported on his back,
and he was saying, "O Allah! Forgive me, and
bestow Your Mercy on me, and let me meet the
(highest) companions (of the Hereafter)." See the
Qur'an (4.69) and See Hadith No. 719.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 716:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Thursday! And how great that Thursday was!
The ailment of Allah's Apostle became worse (on
Thursday) and he said, fetch me something so
that I may write to you something after which you
will never go astray." The people (present there)
differed in this matter, and it was not right to
differ before a prophet. Some said, "What is
wrong with him ? (Do you think ) he is delirious

(seriously ill)? Ask him ( to understand his state

)." So they went to the Prophet and asked him
again. The Prophet said, "Leave me, for my

present state is better than what you call me for."

Then he ordered them to do three things. He
said, "Turn the pagans out of the 'Arabian
Peninsula; respect and give gifts to the foreign
delegations as you have seen me dealing with

them." (Said bin Jubair, the sub-narrator said that

Ibn Abbas kept quiet as rewards the third order,
or he said, "I forgot it.") (See Hadith No. 116
Vol. 1)
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 717:
Narrated Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah:
Ibn Abbas said, "When Allah's Apostle was on
his deathbed and there were some men in the
house, he said, 'Come near, I will write for you
something after which you will not go astray.'

Some of them ( i.e. his companions) said, 'Allah's

Apostle is seriously ill and you have the (Holy)
Quran. Allah's Book is sufficient for us.' So the
people in the house differed and started
disputing. Some of them said, 'Give him writing
material so that he may write for you something
after which you will not go astray.' while the
others said the other way round. So when their
talk and differences increased, Allah's Apostle
said, "Get up." Ibn Abbas used to say, "No
doubt, it was very unfortunate (a great disaster)
that Allah's Apostle was prevented from writing

for them that writing because of their differences

and noise."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 718:
Narrated 'Aisha:

The Prophet called Fatima during his fatal illness

and told her something secretly and she wept.
Then he called her again and told her something
secretly, and she started laughing. When we

asked her about that, she said, "The Prophet first

told me secretly that he would expire in that
disease in which he died, so I wept; then he told

me secretly that I would be the first of his family

to follow him, so I laughed ( at that time)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 719:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Used to hear (from the Prophet) that no Prophet

dies till he is given the option to select either the

worldly life or the life of the Hereafter. I heard

the Prophet in his fatal disease, with his voice
becoming hoarse, saying, "In the company of

those on whom is the grace of Allah ..( to the end

of the Verse )." (4.69) Thereupon I thought that
the Prophet had been given the option.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 720:
Narrated 'Aisha:

When the Prophet fell ill in his fatal illness, he

started saying, "With the highest companion."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 721:
Narrated Aisha:
When Allah 's Apostle was in good health, he
used to say, "Never does a prophet die unless he
is shown his place in Paradise ( before his death
), and then he is made alive or given option."
When the Prophet became ill and his last
moments came while his head was on my thigh,
he became unconscious, and when he came to
his senses, he looked towards the roof of the
house and then said, "O Allah! (Please let me be)
with the highest companion." Thereupon I said,
"Hence he is not going to stay with us? " Then I
came to know that his state was the confirmation

of the narration he used to mention to us while he

was in good health.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 722:
Narrated Aisha:
'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr entered upon the
Prophet while I was supporting the Prophet on
my chest. 'AbdurRahman had a fresh Siwak then
and he was cleaning his teeth with it. Allah's
Apostle looked at it, so I took the Siwak, cut it
(chewed it with my teeth), shook it and made it

soft (with water), and then gave it to the Prophet

who cleaned his teeth with it. I had never seen

Allah's Apostle cleaning his teeth in a better way.

After finishing the brushing of his teeth, he lifted

his hand or his finger and said thrice, "O Allah!
Let me be with the highest companions," and
then died. 'Aisha used to say, "He died while his
head was resting between my chest and chin."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 723:
Narrated Aisha:
Whenever Allah's Apostle became ill, he used to
recite the Muawidhatan and blow his breath over
himself (after their recitation ) and rubbed his
hands over his body. So when he was afflicted
with his fatal illness. I started reciting the
Muawidhatan and blowing my breath over him as
he used to blow and made the hand of the
Prophet pass over his body.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 724:
Narrated 'Aisha:

I heard the Prophet and listened to him before his

death while he was leaning his back on me and
saying, "O Allah! Forgive me, and bestow Your
Mercy on me, and let me meet the companions."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 725:
Narrated Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
'Aisha said, "The Prophet said during his fatal
illness, "Allah cursed the Jews for they took the
graves of their prophets as places for worship."
'Aisha added, "Had it not been for that
(statement of the Prophet ) his grave would have
been made conspicuous. But he was afraid that it
might be taken as a place for worship."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 726:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet died while he was between my

chest and chin, so I never dislike the death agony

for anyone after the Prophet.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 727:
Narrated Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) "When the ailment of
Allah's Apostle became aggravated, he
requested his wives to permit him to be (treated)
nursed in my house, and they gave him
permission. He came out (to my house), walking
between two men with his feet dragging on the
ground, between 'Abbas bin 'Abdul--Muttalib
and another man" 'Ubaidullah said, "I told
'Abdullah of what 'Aisha had said, 'Abdullah bin
'Abbas said to me, 'Do you know who is the
other man whom 'Aisha did not name?' I said,

'No.' Ibn 'Abbas said, 'It was 'Ali bin Abu Talib."

'Aisha, the wife of the Prophet used to narrate
saying, "When Allah's Apostle entered my house
and his disease became aggravated, he said, "
Pour on me the water of seven water skins, the
mouths of which have not been untied, so that I
may give advice to the people.' So we let him sit

in a big basin belonging to Hafsa, the wife of the

Prophet and then started to pour water on him

from these water skins till he started pointing to

us with his hands intending to say, 'You have
done your job." 'Aisha added, "Then he went out
to the people and led them in prayer and
preached to them." 'Aisha and 'Abdullah bin
'Abbas said, "When Allah's Apostle became ill
seriously, he started covering his face with his
woolen sheet, and when he felt short of breath,

he removed it from hi; face and said, 'That is so!

Allah's (curse be on the Jews and the Christians,
as they took the graves of their prophets as
(places of worship),' intending to warn (the
Muslims ) of what they had done." 'Aisha added,
"I argued with Allah's Apostle repeatedly about
that matter (i.e. his order that Abu Bakr should
lead the people in prayer in his place when he
was ill), and what made me argue so much, was,
that it never occurred to my mind that after the
Prophet, the people would ever love a man who
had taken his place, and I felt that anybody
standing in his place, would be a bad omen to the
people, so I wanted Allah's Apostle to give up
the idea of choosing Abu Bakr (to lead the
people in prayer)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 728:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abbas:
Ali bin Abu Talib came out of the house of

Allah's Apostle during his fatal illness. The people

asked, "O Abu Hasan (i.e. Ali)! How is the
health of Allah's Apostle this morning?" 'Ali
replied, "He has recovered with the Grace of
Allah." 'Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib held him by
the hand and said to him, "In three days you, by
Allah, will be ruled (by somebody else ), And by

Allah, I feel that Allah's Apostle will die from this

ailment of his, for I know how the faces of the
offspring of 'Abdul Muttalib look at the time of
their death. So let us go to Allah's Apostle and

ask him who will take over the Caliphate. If it is

given to us we will know as to it, and if it is given

to somebody else, we will inform him so that he
may tell the new ruler to take care of us." 'Ali

said, "By Allah, if we asked Allah's Apostle for it

(i.e. the Caliphate) and he denied it us, the

people will never give it to us after that. And by

Allah, I will not ask Allah's Apostle for it."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 729:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
While the Muslims were offering the Fajr prayer
on Monday and Abu Bakr was leading them in

prayer, suddenly Allah's Apostle lifted the curtain

of 'Aisha's dwelling and looked at them while
they were in the rows of the prayers and smiled.
Abu Bakr retreated to join the row, thinking that
Allah's Apostle wanted to come out for the
prayer. The Muslims were about to be put to trial
in their prayer (i.e. were about to give up
praying) because of being overjoyed at seeing
Allah's Apostle. But Allah's Apostle beckoned
them with his hand to complete their prayer and

then entered the dwelling and let fall the curtain.

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 730:
Narrated Aisha:
It was one of the favors of Allah towards me that
Allah's Apostle expired in my house on the day
of my turn while he was leaning against my chest
and Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva at
his death. 'Abdur-Rahman entered upon me with
a Siwak in his hand and I was supporting (the
back of) Allah's Apostle (against my chest ). I
saw the Prophet looking at it (i.e. Siwak) and I
knew that he loved the Siwak, so I said ( to him
), "Shall I take it for you ? " He nodded in
agreement. So I took it and it was too stiff for

him to use, so I said, "Shall I soften it for you ?"

He nodded his approval. So I softened it and he

cleaned his teeth with it. In front of him there was

a jug or a tin, (The sub-narrator, 'Umar is in
doubt as to which was right) containing water.
He started dipping his hand in the water and
rubbing his face with it, he said, "None has the
right to be worshipped except Allah. Death has

its agonies." He then lifted his hands (towards the

sky) and started saying, "With the highest
companion," till he expired and his hand dropped
down.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 731:
Narrated Urwa:

'Aisha said, "Allah's Apostle in his fatal illness,

used to ask, 'Where will I be tomorrow? Where
will I be tomorrow?", seeking 'Aisha's turn. His
wives allowed him to stay wherever he wished.
So he stayed at 'Aisha's house till he expired
while he was with her." 'Aisha added, "The
Prophet expired on the day of my turn in my
house and he was taken unto Allah while his
head was against my chest and his saliva mixed
with my saliva." 'Aisha added, "Abdur-Rahman
bin Abu Bakr came in, carrying a Siwak he was

cleaning his teeth with. Allah's Apostle looked at

it and I said to him, 'O 'AbdurRahman! Give me
this Siwak.' So he gave it to me and I cut it,

chewed it (it's end) and gave it to Allah's Apostle

who cleaned his teeth with it while he was resting

against my chest."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 732:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet expired in my house and on the day
of my turn, leaning against my chest. One of us

(i.e. the Prophet's wives ) used to recite a prayer

asking Allah to protect him from all evils when he

became sick. So I started asking Allah to protect
him from all evils (by reciting a prayer ). He
raised his head towards the sky and said, "With
the highest companions, with the highest
companions." 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr
passed carrying a fresh leaf-stalk of a date-palm
and the Prophet looked at it and I thought that
the Prophet was in need of it (for cleaning his
teeth ). So I took it (from 'Abdur Rahman) and
chewed its head and shook it and gave it to the

Prophet who cleaned his teeth with it, in the best

way he had ever cleaned his teeth, and then he
gave it to me, and suddenly his hand dropped

down or it fell from his hand (i.e. he expired). So

Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva on his
last day on earth and his first day in the
Hereafter.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 733:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Abu Bakr came from his house at As-Sunh on a
horse. He dismounted and entered the Mosque,
but did not speak to the people till he entered
upon 'Aisha and went straight to Allah's Apostle
who was covered with Hibra cloth (i.e. a kind of
Yemenite cloth). He then uncovered the
Prophet's face and bowed over him and kissed
him and wept, saying, "Let my father and mother
be sacrificed for you. By Allah, Allah will never
cause you to die twice. As for the death which
was written for you, has come upon you."
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: Abu Bakr went out while
Umar bin Al-Khattab was talking to the people.
Abu Bakr said, "Sit down, O 'Umar!" But 'Umar
refused to sit down. So the people came to Abu
Bakr and left Umar. Abu Bakr said, "To
proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship
Muhammad , then Muhammad is dead, but if
(anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then
Allah is Alive and shall never die. Allah
said:--"Muhammad is no more than an Apostle,
and indeed (many) apostles have passed away

before him..(till the end of the Verse )......Allah

will reward to those who are thankful." (3.144)
By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that
Allah had revealed this Verse before till Abu

Bakr recited it and all the people received it from

him, and I heard everybody reciting it (then).
Narrated Az-Zuhri: Said bin Al-Musaiyab told
me that 'Umar said, "By Allah, when I heard Abu
Bakr reciting it, my legs could not support me
and I fell down at the very moment of hearing
him reciting it, declaring that the Prophet had
died."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 734:
Narrated Aisha and Ibn Abbas:
Abu Bakr kissed the Prophet after his death.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 735:
Narrated 'Aisha:
We poured medicine in one side of the Prophet's

mouth during his illness and he started pointing to

us, meaning to say, "Don't pour medicine in my
mouth." We said, "(He says so) because a
patient dislikes medicines." When he improved

and felt a little better, he said, "Didn't I forbid you

to pour medicine in my mouth ?" We said, " ( We
thought it was because of) the dislike, patients
have for medicines. He said, "Let everyone
present in the house be given medicine by

pouring it in his mouth while I am looking at him,

except 'Abbas as he has not witnessed you
(doing the same to me)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 736:
Narrated Al-Aswad:
It was mentioned in the presence of 'Aisha that
the Prophet had appointed 'Ali as successor by
will. Thereupon she said, "Who said so? I saw
the Prophet, while I was supporting him against
my chest. He asked for a tray, and then fell on
one side and expired, and I did not feel it. So
how (do the people say) he appointed 'Ali as his
successor?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 737:
Narrated Talha:
I asked 'Abdullah bin Abu 'Aufa "Did the

Prophet make a will? ' He replied, "No." I further

asked, "How comes it that the making of a will
was enjoined on the people or that they were
ordered to make it? " He said, "The Prophet
made a will concerning Allah's Book."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 738:
Narrated 'Amir bin Al-Harith:
Allah's Apostle did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham

or a male or a female slave. He left only his white

mule on which he used to ride, and his weapons,
and a piece of land which he gave in charity for
the needy travelers.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 739:
Narrated Anas:
When the ailment of the Prophet got aggravated,
he became unconscious whereupon Fatima said,
"Oh, how distressed my father is!" He said,
"Your father will have no more distress after
today." When he expired, she said, "O Father!
Who has responded to the call of the Lord Who
has invited him! O Father, whose dwelling place
is the Garden of Paradise (i.e. Al-Firdaus)! O
Father! We convey this news (of your death) to
Gabriel." When he was buried, Fatima said, "O
Anas! Do you feel pleased to throw earth over
Allah's Apostle?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 740:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When the Prophet was healthy, he used to say,

"No soul of a prophet is captured till he is shown

his place in Paradise and then he is given the
option." When death approached him while his
head was on my thigh, he became unconscious
and then recovered his consciousness. He then
looked at the ceiling of the house and said, "O
Allah! (with) the highest companions." I said (to
myself), "Hence, he is not going to choose us."
Then I realized that what he had said was the
application of the narration which he used to
mention to us when he was healthy. The last
word he spoke was, "O Allah! (with) the highest
companion."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 741:
Narrated Aisha and Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet stayed for ten years in Mecca with
the Qur'an being revealed to him and he stayed in
Medina for ten years.'
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 742:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah 's Apostle died when he was sixty-three
years of age.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 743:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet died while his armor was mortgaged
to a Jew for thirty Sa's of barley.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 744:
Narrated Salim's father:
The Prophet appointed Usama as the
commander of the troops (to be sent to Syria).
The Muslims spoke about Usama (unfavorably ).
The Prophet said, " I have been informed that
you spoke about Usama. (Let it be known that )
he is the most beloved of all people to me."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 745:
Narrated Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle sent troops appointed Usama bin
Zaid as their commander. The people criticized
his leadership. Allah's Apostle got up and said,

"If you (people) are criticizing his (i.e. Usama's)

leadership you used to criticize the leadership of

his father before. By Allah, he (i.e. Zaid)
deserved the leadership indeed, and he used to
be one of the most beloved persons to me, and
now this (i.e. his son, Usama) is one of the most
beloved persons to me after him."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 746:
Narrated Ibn Abu Habib:
Abu Al-Khair said, "As-Sanabih, I asked (me),
'When did you migrate?' I (i.e. Abu Al-Khair)
said, 'We went out from Yemen as emigrants and
arrived at Al-Juhfa, and there came a rider whom
I asked about the news. The rider said: We
buried the Prophet five days ago." I asked
(As-Sanabihi), 'Did you hear anything about the

night of Qadr?' He replied, 'Bilal, the Mu'adhdhin

of the Prophet informed me that it is on one of
the seven nights of the last ten days (of
Ramadan)."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 747:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
I asked Zaid bin Al-Arqam, "In how many
Ghazawat did you take part in the company of
Allah's Apostle?" He replied, "Seventeen." I
further asked, "How many Ghazawat did the
Prophet fight?" He replied, "Nineteen."
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 748:
Narrated Al-Bara:
I fought fifteen Ghazawat in the company of the
Prophet.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 749:
Narrated Buraida:
That he fought sixteen Ghazawat with Allah's
Apostle.

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