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Hadith : Bukhari Vol 3
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 27:
Minor Pilgrammage (Umra)
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 1:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "(The performance of)
'Umra is an expiation for the sins committed
(between it and the previous one). And the
reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by
Allah) is nothing except Paradise."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 2:
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
Ikrima bin Khalid asked Ibn 'Umar about
performing 'Umra before Hajj. Ibn 'Umar

replied, "There is no harm in it." 'Ikrima said, "Ibn

'Umar also said, 'The Prophet had performed
'Umra before performing Hajj.'"
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 3:
Narrated 'Ikrima bin Khalid:
"I asked Ibn 'Umar the same (as above)."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 4:
Narrated Mujahid:
Ursa bin AzZubair and I entered the Mosque (of
the Prophet) and saw 'Abdullah bin Umar sitting
near the dwelling place of Aisha and some
people were offering the Duha prayer. We asked
him about their prayer and he replied that it was
a heresy. He (Ursa) then asked him how many
times the Prophet had performed 'Umra. He
replied, 'Four times; one of them was in the
month of Rajab." We disliked to contradict him.
Then we heard 'Aisha, the Mother of faithful
believers cleaning her teeth with Siwak in the
dwelling place. 'Ursa said, "O Mother! O
Mother of the believers! Don't you hear what
Abu 'Abdur Rahman is saying?" She said, "What
does he say?" 'Ursa said, "He says that Allah's
Apostle performed four 'Umra and one of them
was in the month of Rajab." 'Aisha said, "May
Allah be merciful to Abu 'Abdur Rahman! The
Prophet did not perform any 'Umra except that
he was with him, and he never performed any
'Umra in Rajab."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 5:
Narrated 'Ursa bin Az-Zubair:
I asked 'Aisha (whether the Prophet had
performed 'Umra in Rajab). She replied, "Allah's
Apostle never performed any 'Umra in Rajab."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 6:
Narrated Qatada:
I asked Anas how many times the Prophet had
performed 'Umra. He replied, "Four times. 1.
'Umra of Hudaibiya in Dhi-l-Qa'da when the
pagans hindered him; 2. 'Umra in the following
year in Dhi-l-Qa'da after the peace treaty with
them (the pagans); 3. 'Umra from Al-Jr'rana
where he distributed the war booty." I think he
meant the booty (of the battle) of Hunain. I
asked, "How many times did he perform Hajj?"
He (Anas) replied, "Once. "
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 7:
Narrated Qatada:
I asked Anas (about the Prophet's 'Umra) and he
replied, "The Prophet performed 'Umra when the
pagans made him return, and Umra of
al-Hudaibiya (the next year), and another 'Umra
in Dhi-l-Qa'da, and another 'Umra in
combination with his Hajj."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 8:
Narrated Hammam:
The Prophet performed four 'Umra (three) in
Dhi-l-Qa'da except the (one) 'Umra which he
performed with his Hajj: His 'Umra from
Al-hudaibiya, and the one of the following year,
and the one from Al-Jr'rana where he distributed
the booty (of the battle) of Hunain, and another
'Umra with his Hajj.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 9:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
I asked Masruq, 'Ata' and Mujahid (about the
'Umra of Allah's Apostle). They said, "Allah's
Apostle had performed 'Umra in Dhi-l-Qa'da
before he performed Hajj." I heard Al-Bara' bin
'Azib saying, "Allah's Apostle had performed
'Umra in Dhi-l-Qa'da twice before he performed
Hajj."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 10:
Narrated Ata:
I heard Ibn 'Abbas saying, "Allah's Apostle
asked an Ansari woman (Ibn 'Abbas named her
but 'Ata' forgot her name), 'What prevented you
from performing Hajj with us?' She replied, 'We
have a camel and the father of so-and-so and his

son (i.e. her husband and her son) rode it and left

one camel for us to use for irrigation.' He said (to

her), 'Perform 'Umra when Ramadan comes, for
'Umra in Ramadan is equal to Hajj (in reward),'
or said something similar."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 11:
Narrated Aisha:
We set out along with Allah's Apostle shortly
before the appearance of the new moon

(crescent) of the month of Dhi-l-Hijja and he said

to us, "Whoever wants to assume Ihram for Hajj
may do so; and whoever wants to assume Ihram
for 'Umra may do so. Hadn't I brought the Hadi
(animal for sacrificing) (with me), I would have
assumed Ihram for 'Umra." ('Aisha added,): So
some of us assumed Ihram for 'Umra while the
others for Hajj. I was amongst those who
assumed Ihram for 'Umra. The day of 'Arafat
approached and I was still menstruating. I
complained to the Prophet (about that) and he
said, "Abandon your 'Umra, undo and comb
your hair, and assume Ihram for Hajj;." When it
was the night of Hasba, he sent 'Abdur Rahman
with me to At-Tan'im and I assumed Ihram for
'Umra (and performed it) in lieu of my missed
'Umra.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 12:
Narrated 'Amr bin Aus:
Abdul Rahman bin Abu Bakr told me that the
Prophet had ordered him to let 'Aisha ride
behind him and to make he perform 'Umra from
At-Tan'im.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 13:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet and his companions assumed Ihram
for Hajj and none except the Prophet and Talha
had the Hadi with them. 'Ali had come from
Yemen and he had the Hadi with him. He ('Ali)

said, "I have assumed Ihram with an intention like

that of Allah's Apostle has assumed it." The
Prophet ordered his companions to intend the
Ihram with which they had come for 'Umra, to
perform the Tawaf of the Ka'ba (and between
Safa and Marwa), to get their hair cut short and
then to finish their Ihram with the exception of
those who had the Hadi with them. They asked,
"Shall we go to Mina and the private organs of
some of us are dribbling (if we finish Ihram and
have sexual relations with our wives)?" The
Prophet heard that and said, "Had I known what
I know now, I would not have brought the Hadi.
If I did not have the Hadi with me I would have
finished my Ihram." 'Aisha got her menses and
performed all the ceremonies (of Hajj) except the
Tawaf . So when she became clean from her
menses, and she had performed the Tawaf of the
Ka'ba, she said, "O Allah's Apostle! You
(people) are returning with both Hajj and 'Umra
and I am returning only with Hajj!" So, he
ordered 'Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr to go
with her to At-Tan'im. Thus she performed
'Umra after the Hajj in the month of Dhi-l-Hijja.
Suraqa bin Malik bin Ju'sham met the Prophet at
Al-'Aqaba (Jamrat-ul 'Aqaba) while the latter
was stoning it and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Is
this permissible only for you?" The Prophet

replied, "No, it is for ever (i.e. it is permissible for

all Muslims to perform 'Umra before Hajj."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 14:
Narrated 'Aisha:
We set out with Allah's Apostle shortly before
the appearance of the new moon of Dhi-l-Hiija
and he said, "Whoever wants to assume Ihram
for 'Umra may do so, and whoever wants to
assume Ihram for Hajj may do so. Had not I
brought the Hadi with me, I would have assumed
Ihram for 'Umra." Some of the people assumed
Ihram for 'Umra while others for Hajj. I was
amongst those who had assumed Ihram for
'Umra. I got my menses before entering Mecca,
and was menstruating till the day of 'Arafat. I
complained to Allah's Apostle about it, he said,
"Abandon your 'Umra, undo and comb your hair,
and assume Ihram for Hajj." So, I did that
accordingly. When it was the night of Hasba (day
of departure from Mina), the Prophet sent
'Abdur Rahman with me to At-Tanim.
The sub-narrator adds: He ('AbdurRahman) let
her ride behind him. And she assumed Ihram for
'Umra in lieu of the abandoned one. Aisha
completed her Hajj and 'Umra, and no Hadi,
Sadaqa (charity), or fasting was obligatory for
her.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 15:
Narrated Al-Aswad:
That 'Aisha said, "O Allah's Apostle! The people
are returning after performing the two Nusuks
(i.e. Hajj and 'Umra) but I am returning with one
only?" He said, "Wait till you become clean from
your menses and then go to At-Tan'im, assume
Ihram (and after performing 'Umra) join us at
such-and-such a place. But it (i.e. the reward if
'Umra) is according to your expenses or the
hardship (which you will undergo while
performing it)."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 16:
Narrated 'Aisha:
We set out assuming the Ihram for Hajj in the
months of Hajj towards the sacred precincts of
Hajj. We dismounted at Sarif and the Prophet
said to his companions, "Whoever has not got
the Hadi with him and likes to make it as 'Umra,
he should do it, but he who has got the Hadi with
him should not do it." The Prophet and some of
his wealthy companions had the Hadi with them,
so they did not finish Ihram after performing the
'Umra. The Prophet came to me while I was
weeping. He asked me the reason for it. I
replied, "I have heard of what you have said to
your companions and I cannot do the 'Umra." He
asked me, "What is the matter with you?" I

replied, "I am not praying." He said, "There is no

harm in it as you are one of the daughters of
Adam and the same is written for you as for
others. So, you should perform Hajj and I hope
that Allah will enable you to perform the 'Umra
as well." So, I carried on till we departed from
Mina and halted at Al-Mahassab. The Prophet
called 'Abdur-Rahman and said, "Go out of the
sanctuary with your sister and let her assume
Ihram for 'Umra, and after both of you have

finished the Tawaf I will be waiting for you at this

place." We came back at mid-night and the
Prophet asked us, "Have you finished?" I replied
in the affirmative. He announced the departure
and the people set out for the journey and some
of them had performed the Tawaf of the Ka'ba
before the morning prayer, and after that the
Prophet set out for Medina.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 17:
Narrated Safwan bin Ya'la bin Umaiya from his
father who said:
"A man came to the Prophet while he was at
Ji'rana. The man was wearing a cloak which had
traces of Khaluq or Sufra (a kind of perfume).
The man asked (the Prophet ), 'What do you
order me to perform in my 'Umra?' So, Allah
inspired the Prophet divinely and he was
screened by a place of cloth. I wished to see the
Prophet being divinely inspired. 'Umar said to
me, 'Come! Will you be pleased to look at the

Prophet while Allah is inspiring him?' I replied in

the affirmative. 'Umar lifted one corner of the
cloth and I looked at the Prophet who was
snoring. (The sub-narrator thought that he said:
The snoring was like that of a camel). When that
state was over, the Prophet asked, "Where is the
questioner who asked about 'Umra? Put off your
cloak and wash away the traces of Khaluq from
your body and clean the Sufra (yellow color) and
perform in your Umra what you perform in your
Hajj (i.e. the Tawaf round the Ka'ba and the Sa'i
between Safa and Marwa). "
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 18:
Narrated Hisham Ibn 'Urwa from his father who
said:
While I was a youngster, I asked 'Aisha the wife
of the Prophet. "What about the meaning of the
Statement of Allah;
"Verily! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al Marwa,
are among the symbols of Allah. So, it is not
harmful if those who perform Hajj or 'Umra of
the House (Ka'ba at Mecca) to perform the
going (Tawaf) between them? (2.158) I
understand (from that) that there is no harm if
somebody does not perform the Tawaf between
them." 'Aisha replied, "No, for if it were as you
are saying, then the recitation would have been

like this: 'It is not harmful not to perform Tawaf

between them.' This verse was revealed in
connection with the Ansar who used to assume
the Ihram for the idol Manat which was put
beside a place called Qudaid and those people
thought it not right to perform the Tawaf of
As-Safa and Al-Marwa. When Islam came, they
asked Allah's Apostle about that, and Allah
revealed:--
"Verily! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwa
Are among the symbols of Allah. So, it is not
harmful of those who perform Hajj or 'Umra of
the House (Ka'ba at Mecca) to perform the
going (Tawaf) between them." (2.158) Sufyan
and Abu Muawiya added from Hisham (from
'Aisha): "The Hajj or 'Umra of the person who
does not perform the going (Tawaf) between
As-Safa and Al-Marwa is incomplete in Allah's
sight.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 19:
Narrated Isma'il:
Abdullah bin Abu Aufa said: "Allah's Apostle
performed 'Umra and we too performed 'Umra
along with him. When he entered Mecca he
performed the Tawaf (of Ka'ba) and we too
performed it along with him, and then he came to
the As-Safa and Al-Marwa (i.e. performed the
Sai) and we also came to them along with him.
We were shielding him from the people of
Mecca lest they may hit him with an arrow." A

friend of his asked him (i.e. 'Abdullah bin Aufa),

"Did the Prophet enter the Ka'ba (during that
'Umra)?" He replied in the negative. Then he
said, "What did he (the Prophet ) say about
Khadija?" He (Abdullah bin Aufa) said, "(He

said) 'Give Khadija the good tidings that she will

have a palace made of Qasab in Paradise and

there will be neither noise nor any trouble in it."

Volume 3, Book 27, Number 20:
Narrated 'Amr bin Dinar:
We asked Ibn 'Umar whether a man who had
performed the Tawaf of the Ka'ba but had not
performed the Tawaf between As-Safa and
Al-Marwa yet, was permitted to have sexual
relation with his wife. He replied, "The Prophet
arrived (at Mecca) and circumambulated the
Ka'ba seven times and then offered a two Rak'at
prayer behind Maqam-lbrahim and then
performed the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa
and Al-Marwa (seven times) (and verily, in
Allah's Apostle you have a good example." And
we asked Jabir bin 'Abdullah (the same question)

and he replied, "He should not go near her till he

has finished the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa
and Al-Marwa."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 21:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
I came to the Prophet at Al-Batha' while his
camel was kneeling down and he asked me,
"Have you intended to perform the Hajj?" I
replied in the affirmative. He asked me, 'With
what intention have you assumed Ihram?" I
replied, "I have assumed Ihram with the same
intention as that of the Prophet. He said, "You
have done well. Perform the Tawaf of the Ka'ba
and (the Sai) between As-safa and Al-Marwa
and then finish the Ihram." So, I performed the
Tawaf around the Ka'ba and the Sai) between
As-Safa and Al-Marwa and then went to a
woman of the tribe of Qais who cleaned my head
from lice. Later I assumed the Ihram for Hajj. I

used to give the verdict of doing the same till the

caliphate of 'Umar who said, "If you follow the
Holy Book then it orders you to remain in the
state of Ihram till you finish from Hajj, if you
follow the Prophet then he did not finish his
Ihram till the Hadi (sacrifice) had reached its
place of slaughtering (Hajj-al-Qiran)."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 22:
Narrated Al-Aswad:
Abdullah the slave of Asma bint Abu Bakr, told
me that he used to hear Asma', whenever she
passed by Al-Hajun, saying, "May Allah bless
His Apostle Muhammad. Once we dismounted
here with him, and at that time we were traveling
with light luggage; we had a few riding animals
and a little food ration. I, my sister, 'Aisha,
Az-Zubair and such and such persons performed
'Umra, and when we had passed our hands over
the Ka'ba (i.e. performed Tawaf round the
Ka'ba and between As-Safa and Al-Marwa) we
finished our lhram. Later on we assumed Ihram
for Hajj the same evening."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 23:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Whenever Allah's Apostle returned from a
Ghazwa, Hajj or 'Umra, he used to say Takbir
thrice at every elevation of the ground and then
would say, "None has the right to be worshipped
but Allah; He is One and has no partner. All the
kingdoms is for Him, and all the praises are for
Him, and He is Omnipotent. We are returning
with repentance, worshipping, prostrating, and
praising our Lord. He has kept up His promise
and made His slave victorious, and He Alone
defeated all the clans of (non-believers)."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 24:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When the Prophet arrived at Mecca, some boys
of the tribe of Bani 'Abdul Muttalib went to
receive him, and the Prophet made one of them
ride in front of him and the other behind him.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 25:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Whenever Allah's Apostle left for Mecca, he
used to pray in the mosque of Ash-Shajra, and
when he returned (to Medina), he used to pray in
the middle of the valley of Dhul-Hulaifa and used
to pass the night there till morning.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 26:
Narrated Anas: The Prophet never returned to
his family from a journey at night. He
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 27:
Narrated Jabir: The Prophet forbade going to
one's family at night (on arrival from a
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 28:
Narrated Humaid:
Anas said, "Whenever Allah's Apostle returned
from a journey, he, on seeing the high places of
Medina, would make his she-camel proceed

faster; and if it were another animal, even then he

used to make it proceed faster."
Narrated Humaid that the Prophet used to make
it proceed faster out of his love for Medina.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 29:
Narrated Anas:
As above, but mentioned "the walls of Medina"
instead of "the high places of Medina. Al-Harith
bin Umar agrees with Anas.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 30:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
I heard Al-Bara' saying, "The above Verse was
revealed regarding us, for the Ansar on returning
from Hajj never entered their houses through the
proper doors but from behind. One of the Ansar
came and entered through the door and he was
taunted for it. Therefore, the following was
revealed: --

"It is not righteousness That you enter the houses

from the back, But the righteous man is He who
fears Allah, Obeys His order and keeps away
from What He has forbidden So, enter houses
through the proper doors." (2.189)
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 31:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Traveling is a kind of torture
as it prevents one from eating, drinking and
sleeping properly. So, when one's needs are
fulfilled, one should return quickly to one's
family."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 32:
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:
I was with Ibn 'Umar on the way to Mecca, and
he got the news that Safiya bint Abu Ubaid was
seriously ill. So, he hastened his pace, and when
the twilight disappeared, he dismounted and
offered the Maghrib and 'Isha' prayers together.
Then he said, "I saw that whenever the Prophet
had to hasten when traveling, he would delay the
Maghrib prayer and join them together (i.e. offer
the Maghrib and the Isha prayers together)."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 28:
Pilgrims Prevented from
Completing the
Pilgrimmage
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 33:
Narrated Nafi:
When Abdullah bin Umar set out for Mecca
intending to perform Umra, at the time of

afflictions, he said, "If I should be prevented from

reaching the Kaba, then I would do the same as
Allah's Apostle did, so I assume the lhram for
Umra as Allah's Apostle assumed the Ihram for
Umra in the year of Hudaibiya."
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 34:
Narrated Nafi:
That Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah and Salim bin
'Abdullah informed him that they told Ibn 'Umar
when Ibn Az-Zubair was attacked by the army,
saying "There is no harm for you if you did not
perform Hajj this year. We are afraid that you
may be prevented from reaching the Kaba." Ibn
'Umar said "We set out with Allah's Apostle and
the non-believers of Quraish prevented us from
reaching the Ka'ba, and so the Prophet
slaughtered his Hadi and got his head shaved."
Ibn 'Umar added, "I make you witnesses that I
have made 'Umra obligatory for me. And, Allah

willing, I will go and then if the way to Ka'ba is

clear, I will perform the Tawaf, but if I am
prevented from going to the Ka'ba then I will do
the same as the Prophet did while I was in his
company." Ibn 'Umar then assumed Ihram for
Umra from Dhul-Hulaifa and proceeded for a
while and said, "The conditions of 'Umra and
Hajj are similar and I make you witnesses that I
have made 'Umra and Hajj obligatory for

myself." So, he did not finish the Ihram till the day

of Nahr (slaughtering) came, and he slaughtered
his Hadi. He used to say, "I will not finish the
Ihram till I perform the Tawaf, one Tawaf on the
day of entering Mecca (i.e. of Safa and Marwa
for both 'Umra and Hajj)."
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 35:
Narrated Nafi: Some of the sons of 'Abdullah
told him (i.e. 'Abdullah) if he had sta
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 36:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Allah's Apostle was prevented from performing
('Umra) Therefore, he shaved his head and had

sexual relations with his wives and slaughtered his

Hadi and performed Umra in the following year.
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 37:
Narrated Salim:
(Abdullah) bin 'Umar used to say, "Is not (the
following of) the tradition of Allah's Apostle
sufficient for you? If anyone of you is prevented
from performing Hajj, he should perform the
Tawaf of the Ka'ba and between As-Safa and
Al-Marwa and then finish the Ihram and
everything will become legal for him which was

illegal for him (during the state of Ihram) and he

can perform Hajj in a following year and he
should slaughter a Hadi or fast in case he cannot
afford the Hadi."
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 38:
Narrated Al-Miswar:
Allah's Apostle slaughtered (the Hadi) before he
had his head shaved and then he ordered his
Companions to do the same.
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 39:
Narrated Nafi:
That Abdullah and Salim said to 'Abdullah bin
'Umar, "(You should not go for Hajj this year)."
'Abdullah bin 'Umar replied, "We set out with the
Prophet (to Mecca for performing 'Umra) and e
infidels of Quraish prevented us from reaching
the Ka'ba. Allah's Apostle slaughtered his Budn
(camels for sacrifice) and got his head shaved."
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 40:
Narrated Nafi:
When Abdullah bin 'Umar set out for Mecca

with the intentions performing 'Umra in the period

of afflictions, he said, "If I should be prevented

from reaching the Ka'ba, then I would do the
same as we did while in the company of Allah's
Apostle ." So, he assumed the Ihram for 'Umra
since the Prophet had assumed the Ihram for
'Umra in the year of Al-Hudaibiya. Then
'Abdullah bin 'Umar thought about it and said,
"The conditions for both Hajj and 'Umra are
similar." He then turned towards his companions
and said, "The conditions of both Hajj and 'Umra
are similar and I make you witnesses that I have
made the performance of Hajj obligatory for
myself along with 'Umra." He then performed
one Tawaf (between As-Safa and Al-Marwa)
for both of them (i.e. Hajj and ('Umra) and
considered that to be sufficient for him and
offered a Hadi.
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 41:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Layla:
Ka'b bin 'Ujra said that Allah's Apostle said to
him (Ka'b), "Perhaps your lice have troubled
you?" Ka'b replied, "Yes! O Allah's Apostle."
Allah's Apostle said, "Have your head shaved
and then either fast three days or feed six poor
persons or slaughter one sheep as a sacrifice."
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 42:
Narrated Ka'b bin 'Umra:
Allah's Apostle stood beside me at Al-Hudaibiya
and the lice were falling from my head in great
number. He asked me, "Have your lice troubled
you?" I replied in the affirmative. He ordered me
to get my head shaved. Ka'b added, "This Holy

Verse:--'And if any of you is ill, or has ailment in

his scalp (2.196), etc. was revealed regarding
me. "The Prophet then ordered me either to fast
three days, or to feed six poor persons with one
Faraq (three Sas) (of dates), or to slaughter a
sheep, etc (sacrifice) whatever was available.
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 43:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Ma'qal:
I sat with Ka'b bin 'Ujra and asked him about the
Fidya. He replied, "This revelation was revealed
concerning my case especially, but it is also for
you in general. I was carried to Allah's Apostle
and the lice were falling in great number on my
face. The Prophet said, "I have never thought
that your ailment (or struggle) has reached to
such an extent as I see. Can you afford a sheep?"

I replied in the negative. He then said, "Fast for

three days, or feed six poor persons each with
half a Sa of food." (1 Sa = 3 Kilograms approx.)
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 44:
Narrated Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Layla:
(Reporting the speech of Ka'b bin Umra) Allah's
Apostle saw him (i.e. Ka'b) while the lice were
falling on his face. He asked (him), "Have your

lice troubled you?" He replied in the affirmative.

So, he ordered him to get his head shaved while
he was at Al-Hudaibiya. At that time they were

not permitted to finish their Ihram, and were still

hoping to enter Mecca. So, Allah revealed the
verses of Al-Fidya. Allah's Apostle ordered him
to feed six poor persons with one Faraq of food
or to slaughter one sheep (as a sacrifice) or to
fast for three days.
Volume 3, Book 28, Number 45:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever performs Hajj to
this House (Ka'ba) and does not approach his
wife for sexual relations nor commits sins (while

performing Hajj), he will come out as sinless as a

newly-born child. (Just delivered by his mother)."

Volume 3, Book 28, Number 46:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever performs Hajj to
this Ka'ba and does not approach his wife for
sexual relations nor commit sins (while

performing Hajj), he will come out as sinless as a

new-born child, (just delivered by his mother)."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 29:
Penalty of Hunting while on
Pilgrimmage
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 47:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Qatada:
My father set out (for Mecca) in the year of
Al-Hudaibiya, and his companions assumed
Ihram, but he did not. At that time the Prophet
was informed that an enemy wanted to attack
him, so the Prophet proceeded onwards. While
my father was among his companions, some of
them laughed among themselves. (My father
said), "I looked up and saw an onager. I
attacked, stabbed and caught it. I then sought my
companions' help but they refused to help me.
(Later) we all ate its meat. We were afraid that
we might be left behind (separated) from the
Prophet so I went in search of the Prophet and
made my horse to run at a galloping speed at
times and let it go slow at an ordinary speed at

other times till I met a man from the tribe of Bani

Ghifar at midnight. I asked him, "Where did you
leave the Prophet ?" He replied, "I left him at
Ta'hun and he had the intention of having the
midday rest at As-Suqya. I followed the trace
and joined the Prophet and said, 'O Allah's
Apostle! Your people (companions) send you

their compliments, and (ask for) Allah's Blessings

upon you. They are afraid lest they may be left
behind; so please wait for them.' I added, 'O
Allah's Apostle! I hunted an onager and some of
its meat is with me. The Prophet told the people
to eat it though all of them were in the state of
Ihram."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 48:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Qatada:
That his father said "We proceeded with the
Prophet in the year of Al-Hudaibiya and his
companions assumed Ihram but I did not. We
were informed that some enemies were at
Ghaiqa and so we went on towards them. My
companions saw an onager and some of them
started laughing among themselves. I looked and
saw it. I chased it with my horse and stabbed
and caught it. I wanted some help from my

companions but they refused. (I slaughtered it all

alone). We all ate from it (i.e. its meat). Then I

followed Allah's Apostle lest we should be left
behind. At times I urged my horse to run at a
galloping speed and at other times at an ordinary
slow speed. On the way I met a man from the
tribe of Bani Ghifar at midnight. I asked him
where he had left Allah's Apostle . The man
replied that he had left the Prophet at a place
called Ta'hun and he had the intention of having
the midday rest at As-Suqya. So, I followed
Allah's Apostle till I reached him and said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I have been sent by my
companions who send you their greetings and
compliments and ask for Allah's Mercy and
Blessings upon you. They were afraid lest the
enemy might intervene between you and them; so
please wait for them." So he did. Then I said, "O
Allah's Apostle! We have hunted an onager and

have some of it (i.e. its meat) left over." Allah's

Apostle told his companions to eat the meat
although all of them were in a state of Ihram."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 49:
Narrated Abu Qatada:
We were in the company of the Prophet at a
place called Al-Qaha (which is at a distance of
three stages of journey from Medina). Abu
Qatada narrated through another group of
narrators: We were in the company of the
Prophet at a place called Al-Qaha and some of
us had assumed Ihram while the others had not. I
noticed that some of my companions were
watching something, so I looked up and saw an
onager. (I rode my horse and took the spear and
whip) but my whip fell down (and I asked them
to pick it up for me) but they said, "We will not
help you by any means as we are in a state of
Ihram." So, I picked up the whip myself and
attacked the onager from behind a hillock and
slaughtered it and brought it to my companions.
Some of them said, "Eat it." While some others
said, "Do not eat it." So, I went to the Prophet
who was ahead of us and asked him about it, He

replied, "Eat it as it is Halal (i.e. it is legal to eat

it)."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 50:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Qatada:
That his father had told him that Allah's Apostle
set out for Hajj and so did his companions. He
sent a batch of his companions by another route
and Abu Qatada was one of them. The Prophet
said to them, "Proceed along the sea-shore till
we meet all together." So, they took the route of
the sea-shore, and when they started all of them
assumed Ihram except Abu Qatada. While they
were proceeding on, his companions saw a
group of onagers. Abu Qatada chased the
onagers and attacked and wounded a
she-onager. They got down and ate some of its
meat and said to each other: "How do we eat the
meat of the game while we are in a state of
Ihram?" So, we (they) carried the rest of the
she-onager's meat, and when they met Allah's
Apostle they asked, saying, "O Allah's Apostle!
We assumed Ihram with the exception of Abu
Qatada and we saw (a group) of onagers. Abu
Qatada attacked them and wounded a
she-onager from them. Then we got down and

ate from its meat. Later, we said, (to each other),

'How do we eat the meat of the game and we
are in a state of Ihram?' So, we carried the rest
of its meat. The Prophet asked, "Did anyone of

you order Abu Qatada to attack it or point at it?"

They replied in the negative. He said, "Then eat
what is left of its meat."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 51:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
From As-Sa'b bin Jath-thama Al-Laithi that the
latter presented an onager to Allah's Apostle
while he was at Al-Abwa' or at Waddan, and he
refused it. On noticing the signs of some
unpleasant feeling of disappointment on his
(As-Sab's) face, the Prophet said to him, "I have
only returned it because I am Muhrim."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 52:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:

Allah's Apostle said, "It is not sinful of a Muhrim

to kill five kinds of animals."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 53:
One of the wives of the Prophet narrated:
The Prophet said, "A Muhrim can kill (five kinds
of animals.)"
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 54:
Narrated Hafsa:
Allah's Apostle said, "It is not sinful (of a

Muhrim) to kill five kinds of animals, namely: the

crow, the kite, the mouse, the scorpion and the
rabid dog."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 55:
Narrated Aisha:
Allah's Apostle said, "Five kinds of animals are
harmful and could be killed in the Haram
(Sanctuary). These are: the crow, the kite, the
scorpion, the mouse and the rabid dog."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 56:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
While we were in the company of the Prophet in
a cave at Mina, when Surat-wal-Mursalat were

revealed and he recited it and I heard it (directly)

from his mouth as soon as he recited its
revelation. Suddenly a snake sprang at us and the

Prophet said (ordered us): "Kill it." We ran to kill

it but it escaped quickly. The Prophet said, "It
has escaped your evil and you too have escaped
its evil."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 57:
Narrated 'Aisha the wife of the Prophet:
Allah's Apostle called the salamander a bad
animal, but I did not hear him ordering it to be
killed."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 58:
Narrated Said bin Abu Said Al-Maqburi:
Abu Shuraih, Al-'Adawi said that he had said to
'Amr bin Sa'id when he was sending the troops
to Mecca (to fight 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair), "O
Chief! Allow me to tell you what Allah's Apostle
said on the day following the Conquest of
Mecca. My ears heard that and my heart
understood it thoroughly and I saw with my own
eyes the Prophet when he, after Glorifying and
Praising Allah, started saying, 'Allah, not the
people, made Mecca a sanctuary, so anybody
who has belief in Allah and the Last Day should
neither shed blood in it, nor should he cut down

its trees. If anybody tells (argues) that fighting in it

is permissible on the basis that Allah's Apostle

did fight in Mecca, say to him, 'Allah allowed His

Apostle and did not allow you.' "Allah allowed
me only for a few hours on that day (of the

conquest) and today its sanctity is valid as it was

before. So, those who are present should inform
those who are absent (concerning this fact." Abu
Shuraih was asked, "What did 'Amr reply?" He
said, ('Amr said) 'O Abu Shuraih! I know better
than you in this respect Mecca does not give
protection to a sinner, a murderer or a thief."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 59:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
"The Prophet said, 'Allah has made Mecca, a
sanctuary, so it was a sanctuary before me and
will continue to be a sanctuary after me. It was
made legal for me (i.e. I was allowed to fight in

it) for a few hours of a day. It is not allowed to

uproot its shrubs or to cut its trees, or to chase

(or disturb) its game, or to pick up its luqata
(fallen things) except by a person who would
announce that (what he has found) publicly.'
Al-'Abbas said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Except

Al-ldhkhir (a kind of grass) (for it is used) by our

goldsmiths and for our graves.' The Prophet then

said, 'Except Al-idhkhir.' " 'Ikrima said, 'Do you

know what "chasing or disturbing" the game
means? It means driving it out of the shade to
occupy its place."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 60:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
their blacksmiths and for their domestic
purposes)." So, the Prophet s
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 61:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle was cupped while he was in a
state of Ihram.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 62:
Narrated Ibn Buhaina: The Prophet, while in the
state of Ihram, was cupped at the middle of his
head at Liha-Jamal.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 63:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet married Maimuna while he was in
the state of Ihram, (only the ceremonies of
marriage were held).
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 64:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
A person stood up and asked, "O Allah's:
Apostle! What clothes may be worn in the state
of Ihram?" The Prophet replied, "Do not wear a

shirt or trousers, or any headgear (e.g. a turban),

or a hooded cloak; but if somebody has no
shoes he can wear leather stockings provided

they are cut short off the ankles, and also, do not

wear anything perfumed with Wars or saffron,
and the Muhrima (a woman in the state of Ihram)
should not cover her face, or wear gloves."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 65:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
A man was crushed to death by his she-camel
and was brought to Allah's Apostle who said,
"Give him a bath and shroud him, but do not
cover his head, and do not bring any perfume
near to him, as he will be resurrected reciting
Talbiya."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 66:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Hunain:
Abdullah bin Al-Abbas and Al-Miswar bin
Makhrama differed at Al-Abwa'; Ibn 'Abbas
said that a Muhrim could wash his head; while
Al-Miswar maintained that he should not do so.
'Abdullah bin 'Abbas sent me to Abu Aiyub
Al-Ansari and I found him bathing between the
two wooden posts (of the well) and was
screened with a sheet of cloth. I greeted him and
he asked who I was. I replied, "I am 'Abdullah
bin Hunain and I have been sent to you by Ibn
'Abbas to ask you how Allah's Apostle used to
wash his head while in the state of lhram." Abu
Aiyub Al-Ansarl caught hold of the sheet of cloth
and lowered it till his head appeared before me,
and then told somebody to pour water on his
head. He poured water on his head, and he (Abu
Aiyub) rubbed his head with his hands by
bringing them from back to front and from front
to back and said, "I saw the Prophet doing like
this."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 67:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
I heard the Prophet delivering a sermon at
'Arafat saying, "If a Muhrim does not find
slippers, he could wear Khuffs (but he has to cut
short the Khuffs below the ankles), and if he
does not find an Izar (a waist sheet for wrapping
the lower half of the body) he could wear
trousers."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 68:
Narrated Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle was asked what sort of clothes a
Muhrim should wear. He replied, "He should not
wear a shirt, turbans, trousers, a hooded cloak,
or a dress perfumed with saffron or Wars; and if
slippers are not available he can wear Khuffs but
he should cut them so that they reach below the
ankles.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 69:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet delivered a sermon at 'Arafat and
said, "Whoever does not get an Izar can wear
trousers, and whoever cannot get a pair of shoes
can wear Khuffs."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 70:
Narrated Al-Bara:
The Prophet assumed Ihram for Umra in the
month of Dhul-Qa'da but the (pagan) people of
Mecca refused to admit him into Mecca till he
agreed on the condition that he would not bring
into Mecca any arms but sheathed.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 71:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet fixed Dhul-Hulaifa as the Miqat (the
place for assuming Ihram) for the people of
Medina, and Qaran-al-Manazil for the people of
Najd, and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen.
These Mawaqit are for those people and also for
those who come through these Mawaqit (from
places other than the above-mentioned) with the
intention of (performing) Hajj and Umra. And
those living inside these Mawaqit can assume
Ihram from the place where they start; even the
people of Mecca can assume Ihram from
Mecca.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 72:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle entered Mecca in the year of its
Conquest wearing an Arabian helmet on his head
and when the Prophet took it off, a person came
and said, "Ibn Khatal is holding the covering of
the Ka'ba (taking refuge in the Ka'ba)." The
Prophet said, "Kill him."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 73:
Narrated Ya'li:
ame as you do in your Hajj." A man bit the hand
of another man but in
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 74:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 75:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
While a man was standing with the Prophet at
'Arafat, he fell from his Mount and his neck was
crushed by it. The Prophet said, "Wash the
deceased with water and Sidr and shroud him in
two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him nor

cover his head, for Allah will resurrect him on the

Day of Resurrection and he will be reciting
Talbiya."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 76:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
A man was in the company of the Prophet and
his she-camel crushed his neck while he was in a
state of Ihram and he died Allah's Apostle said,
"Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him
in his two garments; neither perfume him nor
cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the
Day of Resurrection, reciting Talbiya."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 77:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
A woman from the tribe of Juhaina came to the
Prophet and said, "My mother had vowed to
perform Hajj but she died before performing it.
May I perform Hajj on my mother's behalf?" The
Prophet replied, "Perform Hajj on her behalf.
Had there been a debt on your mother, would
you have paid it or not? So, pay Allah's debt as
He has more right to be paid."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 78:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
A woman from the tribe of Khath'am came in the
year (of ,Hajjat-ul-wada' of the Prophet ) and
said, "O Allah's Apostle! My father has come

under Allah's obligation of performing Hajj but he

is a very old man and cannot sit properly on his

Mount. Will the obligation be fulfilled if I perform

Hajj on his behalf?" The Prophet replied in the
affirmative.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 79:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
Al-Fadl was riding behind the Prophet and a
woman from the tribe of Khath'am came up.
Al-Fadl started looking at her and she looked at
him. The Prophet turned Al-Fadl's face to the
other side. She said, "My father has come under
Allah's obligation of performing Hajj but he is a
very old man and cannot sit properly on his
Mount. Shall I perform Hajj on his behalf? The
Prophet replied in the affirmative. That happened
during Hajjat-ul-wada' of the Prophet .
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 80:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet sent me (to Mina) with the luggage
from Jam'(i.e. Al-Muzdalifa) at night.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 81:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
I came riding on my she-ass and had (just) then
attained the age of puberty. Allah's Apostle was

praying at Mina. I passed in front of a part of the

first row and then dismounted from it, and the
animal started grazing. I aligned with the people
behind Allah's Apostle (The sub-narrator added
that happened in Mina during the Prophet's
Hajjat-ul-wada.)
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 82:
Narrated As-Sa'ib bin Yazid:
(While in the company of my parents) I was
made to perform Hajj with Allah's Apostle and I
was a seven-year-old boy then. (Fatch-Al-Bari,
p.443, Vol.4)
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 83:
Narrated Al-Ju'aid bin 'AbdurRahman:
I heard 'Umar bin 'Abdul Azlz telling about
As-Sa'ib bin Yazid that he had performed Hajj

(while carried) with the belongings of the Prophet

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 84:

Narrated Aisha (mother of the faithful believers):

I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shouldn't we
participate in Holy battles and Jihad along with
you?" He replied, "The best and the most
superior Jihad (for women) is Hajj which is
accepted by Allah." 'Aisha added: Ever since I
heard that from Allah's Apostle I have
determined not to miss Hajj.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 85:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet said, "A woman should not travel
except with a Dhu-Mahram (her husband or a
man with whom that woman cannot marry at all
according to the Islamic Jurisprudence), and no
man may visit her except in the presence of a
Dhu-Mahram." A man got up and said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I intend to go to such and such
an army and my wife wants to perform Hajj."
The Prophet said (to him), "Go along with her (to
Hajj)."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 86:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
When the Prophet returned after performing his
Hajj, he asked Um Sinan Al-Ansari, "What did
forbid you to perform Hajj?" She replied, "Father
of so-and-so (i.e. her husband) had two camels
and he performed Hajj on one of them, and the

second is used for the irrigation of our land." The

Prophet said (to her), "Perform 'Umra in the
month of Ramadan, (as it is equivalent to Hajj or
Hajj with me (in reward)."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 87:
Narrated Qaza'a, the slave of Ziyad: Abu Said
who participated in twelve Ghazawat with the
Prophet said, "I heard four things from Allah's
Apostle (or I narrate them from the Prophet )
which won my admiration and appreciation. They
are:
1. "No lady should travel without her husband or
without a Dhu-Mahram for a two-days' journey.
2. No fasting is permissible on two days of
'Id-al-Fitr, and 'Id-al-Adha.
3. No prayer (may be offered) after two prayers:

after the 'Asr prayer till the sun set and after the

morning prayer till the sun rises.
4. Not to travel (for visiting) except for three
mosques: Masjid-al-Haram (in Mecca), my
Mosque (in Medina), and Masjid-al-Aqsa (in
Jerusalem)."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 88:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet saw an old man walking, supported
by his two sons, and asked about him. The
people informed him that he had vowed to go on

foot (to the Ka'ba). He said, "Allah is not in need

of this old man's torturing himself," and ordered
him to ride.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 89:
Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir:
My sister vowed to go on foot to the Ka'ba, and
she asked me to take the verdict of the Prophet
about it. So, I did and the Prophet said, "She
should walk and also should ride."
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 90:
Narrated Abu-l-Khair from 'Uqba as above.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 30:
Virtues of Madinah
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 91:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "Medina is a sanctuary from

that place to that. Its trees should not be cut and

no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should

be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it an

heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will
incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the
people." (See Hadith No. 409, Vol 9).
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 92:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet came to Medina and ordered a
mosque to be built and said, "O Bani Najjar!
Suggest to me the price (of your land)." They
said, "We do not want its price except from
Allah" (i.e. they wished for a reward from Allah
for giving up their land freely). So, the Prophet
ordered the graves of the pagans to be dug out
and the land to be levelled, and the date-palm
trees to be cut down. The cut date-palms were

fixed in the direction of the Qibla of the mosque.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 93:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "I have made Medina a
sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains."
The Prophet went to the tribe of Bani Haritha
and said (to them), "I see that you have gone out
of the sanctuary," but looking around, he added,
"No, you are inside the sanctuary."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 94:
Narrated 'Ali:
We have nothing except the Book of Allah and
this written paper from the Prophet (where-in is
written:) Medina is a sanctuary from the 'Air
Mountain to such and such a place, and whoever
innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or

gives shelter to such an innovator in it will incur

the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people,

none of his compulsory or optional good deeds
of worship will be accepted. And the asylum (of
protection) granted by any Muslim is to be
secured (respected) by all the other Muslims;
and whoever betrays a Muslim in this respect

incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the

people, and none of his compulsory or optional
good deeds of worship will be accepted, and
whoever (freed slave) befriends (take as
masters) other than his manumitters without their
permission incurs the curse of Allah, the angels,
and all the people, and none of his compulsory or
optional good deeds of worship will be
accepted.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 95:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "I was ordered to migrate
to a town which will swallow (conquer) other
towns and is called Yathrib and that is Medina,
and it turns out (bad) persons as a furnace
removes the impurities of iron.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 96:
Narrated Abu Humaid:
We came with the Prophet from Tabuk, and
when we reached near Medina, the Prophet said,
"This is Tabah."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 97:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
If I saw deers grazing in Medina, I would not
chase them, for Allah's Apostle said, "(Medina)
is a sanctuary between its two mountains."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 98:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "The people will
leave Medina in spite of the best state it will
have, and none except the wild birds and the

beasts of prey will live in it, and the last persons

who will die will be two shepherds from the tribe
of Muzaina, who will be driving their sheep
towards Medina, but will find nobody in it, and
when they reach the valley of Thaniyat-al-Wada',
they will fall down on their faces dead."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 99:
Narrated Abu Zuhair:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Yemen will be
conquered and some people will migrate (from
Medina) and will urge their families, and those
who will obey them to migrate (to Yemen)
although Medina will be better for them; if they
but knew. Sham will also be conquered and
some people will migrate (from Medina) and will
urge their families and those who will obey them,
to migrate (to Sham) although Medina will be
better for them; if they but knew. 'Iraq will be
conquered and some people will migrate (from
Medina) and will urge their families and those
who will obey them to migrate (to 'Iraq) although

Medina will be better for them; if they but knew."

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 100:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Verily, Belief returns and
goes back to Medina as a snake returns and
goes back to its hole (when in danger)."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 101:
Narrated Sad:
I heard the Prophet saying, "None plots against
the people of Medina but that he will be

dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in

water."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 102:
Narrated Usama:
Once the Prophet stood at the top of a (looked
out from upon one) castle amongst the castles (or
the high buildings) of Medina and said, "Do you
see what I see? (No doubt) I see the spots
where afflictions will take place among your

houses (and these afflictions will be) as numerous

as the spots where rain-drops fall."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 103:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
The Prophet said, "The terror caused by
Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal will not enter Medina and at
that time Medina will have seven gates and there
will be two angels at each gate guarding them."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 104:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "There are angels guarding
the entrances (or roads) of Medina, neither
plague nor Ad-Dajjal will be able to enter it."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 105:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, "There will be no town which
Ad-Dajjal will not enter except Mecca and
Medina, and there will be no entrance (road) (of
both Mecca and Medina) but the angels will be

standing in rows guarding it against him, and then

Medina will shake with its inhabitants thrice (i.e.

three earth-quakes will take place) and Allah will

expel all the nonbelievers and the hypocrites from

it."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 106:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle told us a long narrative about
Ad-Dajjal, and among the many things he
mentioned, was his saying, "Ad-Dajjal will come
and it will be forbidden for him to pass through
the entrances of Medina. He will land in some of
the salty barren areas (outside) Medina; on that
day the best man or one of the best men will

come up to him and say, 'I testify that you are the

same Dajjal whose description was given to us
by Allah's Apostle .' Ad-Dajjal will say to the
people, 'If I kill this man and bring him back to
life again, will you doubt my claim?' They will
say, 'No.' Then Ad-Dajjal will kill that man and
bring him back to life. That man will say, 'Now I
know your reality better than before.' Ad-Dajjal
will say, 'I want to kill him but I cannot.' "
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 107:
Narrated Jabir:
A bedouin came to the Prophet and gave a
pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam. The
next day he came with fever and said (to the
Prophet ), "Please cancel my pledge (of
embracing Islam and of emigrating to Medina)."
The Prophet refused (that request) three times

and said, "Medina is like a furnace, it expels out

the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good
ones and makes them perfect."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 108:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
When the Prophet went out for (the battle of)
Uhud, some of his companions (hypocrites)
returned (home). A party of the believers
remarked that they would kill those (hypocrites)
who had returned, but another party said that
they would not kill them. So, this Divine
Inspiration was revealed: "Then what is the
matter with you that you are divided into two
parties concerning the hypocrites." (4.88) The
Prophet said, "Medina expels the bad persons
from it, as fire expels the impurities of iron."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 109:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "O Allah! Bestow on Medina
twice the blessings You bestowed on Mecca."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 110:
Narrated Anas:
Whenever the Prophet returned from a journey
and observed the walls of Medina, he would
make his Mount go fast, and if he was on an
animal (i.e. a horse), he would make it gallop
because of his love for Medina.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 111:
Narrated Anas:
(The people of) Bani Salama intended to shift
near the mosque (of the Prophet) but Allah's
Apostle disliked to see Medina vacated and said,
"O the people of Bani Salama! Don't you think
that you will be rewarded for your footsteps
which you take towards the mosque?" So, they
stayed at their old places.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 112:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "There
is a garden from the gardens of Paradise
between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit
is on my Lake Fount (Al-Kauthar)."
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 113:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When Allah's Apostle reached Medina, Abu
Bakr and Bilal became ill. When Abu Bakr's
fever got worse, he would recite (this poetic
verse): "Everybody is staying alive with his
People, yet Death is nearer to him than His shoe
laces." And Bilal, when his fever deserted him,
would recite: "Would that I could stay overnight
in A valley wherein I would be Surrounded by
Idhkhir and Jalil (kinds of good-smelling grass).
Would that one day I could Drink the water of
the Majanna, and Would that (The two
mountains) Shama and Tafil would appear to
me!" The Prophet said, "O Allah! Curse Shaiba
bin Rabi'a and 'Utba bin Rabi'a and Umaiya bin
Khalaf as they turned us out of our land to the
land of epidemics." Allah's Apostle then said, "O
Allah! Make us love Medina as we love Mecca
or even more than that. O Allah! Give blessings
in our Sa and our Mudd (measures symbolizing
food) and make the climate of Medina suitable
for us, and divert its fever towards Aljuhfa."
Aisha added: When we reached Medina, it was

the most unhealthy of Allah's lands, and the valley

of Bathan (the valley of Medina) used to flow
with impure colored water.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 114:
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:
Umar said, O Allah! Grant me martyrdom in
Your cause, and let my death be in the city of
Your Apostle."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 31:
Fasting
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 115:
Narrated Talha bin 'Ubaid-Ullah:
A bedouin with unkempt hair came to Allah's
Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Inform me
what Allah has made compulsory for me as
regards the prayers." He replied: "You have to
offer perfectly the five compulsory prayers in a
day and night (24 hours), unless you want to
pray Nawafil." The bedouin further asked,
"Inform me what Allah has made compulsory for
me as regards fasting." He replied, "You have to
fast during the whole month of Ramadan, unless
you want to fast more as Nawafil." The bedouin
further asked, "Tell me how much Zakat Allah
has enjoined on me." Thus, Allah's Apostle
informed him about all the rules (i.e.
fundamentals) of Islam. The bedouin then said,
"By Him Who has honored you, I will neither
perform any Nawafil nor will I decrease what
Allah has enjoined on me. Allah's Apostle said,

"If he is saying the truth, he will succeed (or he

will be granted Paradise)."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 116:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet observed the fast on the 10th of
Muharram ('Ashura), and ordered (Muslims) to
fast on that day, but when the fasting of the
month of Ramadan was prescribed, the fasting of
the 'Ashura' was abandoned. 'Abdullah did not

use to fast on that day unless it coincided with his

routine fasting by chance.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 117:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(The tribe of) Quraish used to fast on the day of
Ashura' in the Pre-lslamic period, and then

Allah's Apostle ordered (Muslims) to fast on it till

the fasting in the month of Ramadan was
prescribed; whereupon the Prophet said, "He
who wants to fast (on 'Ashura') may fast, and he
who does not want to fast may not fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 118:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Fasting is a shield (or a
screen or a shelter). So, the person observing

fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife

and should not behave foolishly and impudently,
and if somebody fights with him or abuses him,
he should tell him twice, 'I am fasting." The
Prophet added, "By Him in Whose Hands my
soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a

fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than

the smell of musk. (Allah says about the fasting
person), 'He has left his food, drink and desires
for My sake. The fast is for Me. So I will reward

(the fasting person) for it and the reward of good

deeds is multiplied ten times."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 119:
Narrated Abu Wail from Hudhaifa:
Umar asked the people, "Who remembers the
narration of the Prophet about the affliction?"
Hudhaifa said, "I heard the Prophet saying, 'The

affliction of a person in his property, family and

neighbors is expiated by his prayers, fasting, and

giving in charity." 'Umar said, "I do not ask about

that, but I ask about those afflictions which will

spread like the waves of the sea." Hudhaifa

replied, "There is a closed gate in front of those

afflictions." 'Umar asked, "Will that gate be
opened or broken?" He replied, "It will be
broken." 'Umar said, "Then the gate will not be
closed again till the Day of Resurrection." We
said to Masruq, "Would you ask Hudhaifa
whether 'Umar knew what that gate
symbolized?" He asked him and he replied "He
('Umar) knew it as one knows that there will be
night before tomorrow, morning.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 120:
Narrated Sahl:
The Prophet said, "There is a gate in Paradise
called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts
will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection

and none except them will enter through it. It will

be said, 'Where are those who used to observe
fasts?' They will get up, and none except them

will enter through it. After their entry the gate will

be closed and nobody will enter through it."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 121:
'Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever gives two kinds
(of things or property) in charity for Allah's
Cause, will be called from the gates of Paradise
and will be addressed, 'O slaves of Allah! Here
is prosperity.' So, whoever was amongst the
people who used to offer their prayers, will be
called from the gate of the prayer; and whoever
was amongst the people who used to participate

in Jihad, will be called from the gate of Jihad; and

whoever was amongst those who used to
observe fasts, will be called from the gate of
Ar-Raiyan; whoever was amongst those who
used to give in charity, will be called from the
gate of charity." Abu Bakr said, "Let my parents
be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Apostle! No

distress or need will befall him who will be called

from those gates. Will there be any one who will
be called from all these gates?" The Prophet
replied, "Yes, and I hope you will be one of
them."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 122:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "When Ramadan begins,
the gates of Paradise are opened."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 123:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "When the month of
Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are
opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the
devils are chained."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 124:
Narrated Ibn Umar: I heard Allah's Apostle
saying, "When you see the crescent (of the month
of Ramadan), start fasting, and when you see the
crescent (of the month of Shawwal), stop fasting;
and if the sky is overcast (and you can't see It)
then regard the crescent (month) of Ramadan (as
of 30 days)".
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 125:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever established prayers
on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and
hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his
previous sins will be forgiven; and whoever fasts
in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and
hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his
previous sins will be forgiven."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 126:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet was the most generous amongst the
people, and he used to be more so in the month
of Ramadan when Gabriel visited him, and
Gabriel used to meet him on every night of
Ramadan till the end of the month. The Prophet
used to recite the Holy Qur'an to Gabriel, and
when Gabriel met him, he used to be more
generous than a fast wind (which causes rain and
welfare).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 127:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever does not give up
forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in

need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah

will not accept his fasting.)"
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 128:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'All the deeds
of Adam's sons (people) are for them, except

fasting which is for Me, and I will give the reward

for it.' Fasting is a shield or protection from the

fire and from committing sins. If one of you is
fasting, he should avoid sexual relation with his
wife and quarreling, and if somebody should fight

or quarrel with him, he should say, 'I am fasting.'

By Him in Whose Hands my soul is' The
unpleasant smell coming out from the mouth of a

fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than

the smell of musk. There are two pleasures for

the fasting person, one at the time of breaking his

fast, and the other at the time when he will meet
his Lord; then he will be pleased because of his
fasting."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 129:
Narrated 'Alqama: While I was walking with
'Abdullah he said, "We were in the company of
the Prophet and he said, 'He who can afford to
marry should marry, because it will help him
refrain from looking at other women, and save
his private parts from looking at other women,

and save his private parts from committing illegal

sexual relation; and he who cannot afford to

marry is advised to fast, as fasting will diminish

his sexual power."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 130:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle mentioned Ramadan and said,
"Do not fast unless you see the crescent (of
Ramadan), and do not give up fasting till you see
the crescent (of Shawwal), but if the sky is
overcast (if you cannot see it), then act on
estimation (i.e. count Sha'ban as 30 days)."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 131:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "The month (can be) 29

nights (i.e. days), and do not fast till you see the

moon, and if the sky is overcast, then complete
Sha'ban as thirty days."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 132:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "The month is like this and
this," (at the same time he showed the fingers of
both his hands thrice) and left out one thumb on
the third time.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 133:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet or Abu-l-Qasim said, "Start fasting
on seeing the crescent (of Ramadan), and give up
fasting on seeing the crescent (of Shawwal), and
if the sky is overcast (and you cannot see it),
complete thirty days of Sha'ban."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 134:
Narrated Um Salama:
The Prophet vowed to keep aloof from his wives
for a period of one month, and after the
completion of 29 days he went either in the
morning or in the afternoon to his wives.
Someone said to him "You vowed that you
would not go to your wives for one month." He
replied, "The month is of 29 days."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 135:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle vowed to keep aloof from his
wives for one month, and he had dislocation of

his leg. So, he stayed in a Mashruba for 29 nights

and then came down. Some people said, "O
Allah's Apostle! You vowed to stay aloof for one
month," He replied, "The month is of 29 days."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 136:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
The Prophet said, "The two months of 'Id i.e.
Ramadan and Dhul-Hijja, do not decrease (in
superiority)."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 137:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

The Prophet said, "We are an illiterate nation; we

neither write, nor know accounts. The month is
like this and this, i.e. sometimes of 29 days and
sometimes of thirty days."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 138:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "None of you should fast a
day or two before the month of Ramadan unless
he has the habit of fasting (Nawafil) (and if his
fasting coincides with that day) then he can fast
that day."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 139:
Narrated Al-Bara:
It was the custom among the companions of
Muhammad that if any of them was fasting and
the food was presented (for breaking his fast),
but he slept before eating, he would not eat that
night and the following day till sunset.
Qais bin Sirma-al-Ansari was fasting and came
to his wife at the time of Iftar (breaking one's
fast) and asked her whether she had anything to
eat. She replied, "No, but I would go and bring
some for you." He used to do hard work during
the day, so he was overwhelmed by sleep and
slept. When his wife came and saw him, she said,
"Disappointment for you." When it was midday
on the following day, he fainted and the Prophet
was informed about the whole matter and the
following verses were revealed: "You are
permitted To go to your wives (for sexual
relation) At the night of fasting." So, they were
overjoyed by it. And then Allah also revealed:
"And eat and drink Until the white thread Of
dawn appears to you Distinct from the black
thread (of the night)." (2.187)
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 140:
Narrated 'Adi bin Hatim:
When the above verses were revealed: 'Until the
white thread appears to you, distinct from the

black thread,' I took two (hair) strings, one black

and the other white, and kept them under my
pillow and went on looking at them throughout
the night but could not make anything out of it.
So, the next morning I went to Allah's Apostle
and told him the whole story. He explained to
me, "That verse means the darkness of the night
and the whiteness of the dawn."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 141:
Narrated Sahl bin Saud:
When the following verses were revealed: 'Eat
and drink until the white thread appears to you,
distinct from the black thread' and of dawn was
not revealed, some people who intended to fast,
tied black and white threads to their legs and

went on eating till they differentiated between the

two. Allah then revealed the words, 'of dawn',
and it became clear that meant night and day.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 142:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Bilal used to pronounce the Adhan at night, so
Allah's Apostle? said, "Carry on taking your
meals (eat and drink) till Ibn Um Maktum
pronounces the Adhan, for he does not
pronounce it till it is dawn.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 143:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
I used to take my Suhur meals with my family
and then hurry up for presenting myself for the
(Fajr) prayer with Allah's Apostle.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 144:
Narrated Anas:
Zaid bin Thabit said, "We took the Suhur with
the Prophet . Then he stood for the prayer." I
asked, "What was the interval between the Suhur
and the Adhan?" He replied, "The interval was
sufficient to recite fifty verses of the Quran."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 145:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The Prophet fasted for days continuously; the
people also did the same but it was difficult for
them. So, the Prophet forbade them (to fast
continuously for more than one day). They slid,
"But you fast without break (no food was taken
in the evening or in the morning)." The Prophet
replied, "I am not like you, for I am provided
with food and drink (by Allah)."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 146:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, "Take Suhur as there is a
blessing in it."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 147:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:
Once the Prophet ordered a person on 'Ashura'
(the tenth of Muharram) to announce, "Whoever
has eaten, should not eat any more, but fast, and
who has not eaten should not eat, but complete
his fast (till the end of the day).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 148:
Narrated 'Aisha and Um Salama:
At times Allah's Apostle used to get up in the

morning in the state of Janaba after having sexual

relations with his wives. He would then take a
bath and fast.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 149:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet used to kiss and embrace (his
wives) while he was fasting, and he had more
power to control his desires than any of you.
Said Jabir, "The person who gets discharge after
casting a look (on his wife) should complete his
fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 150:
Narrated Hisham's father:
Aisha said, "Allah's Apostle used to kiss some of
his wives while he was fasting," and then she
smiled.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 151:
Narrated Zainab:
(daughter of Um Salama) that her mother said,
"While I was (lying) with Allah's Apostle
underneath a woolen sheet, I got the
menstruation, and then slipped away and put on
the clothes (which I used to wear) in menses. He
asked, "What is the matter? Did you get your
menses?" I replied in the affirmative and then
entered underneath that woolen sheet. I and
Allah's Apostle used to take a bath from one
water pot and he used to kiss me while he was
fasting."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 152:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(At times) in Ramadan the Prophet used to take
a bath in the morning not because of a wet dream
and would continue his fast.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 153:
Narrated Abu Bakr bin 'Abdur-Rahman:
My father and I went to 'Aisha and she said, "I

testify that Allah's Apostle at times used to get up

in the morning in a state of Janaba from sexual
intercourse, not from a wet dream and then he
would fast that day." Then he went to Um
Salama and she also narrated a similar thing.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 154:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "If somebody eats or drinks
forgetfully then he should complete his fast, for
what he has eaten or drunk, has been given to
him by Allah." Narrated 'Amir bin Rabi'a, "I saw
the Prophet cleaning his teeth with Siwak while
he was fasting so many times as I can't count."
And narrated Abu Huraira, "The Prophet said,
'But for my fear that it would be hard for my
followers, I would have ordered them to clean
their teeth with Siwak on every performance of
ablution." The same is narrated by Jabir and Zaid
bin Khalid from the Prophet who did not
differentiate between a fasting and a nonfasting
person in this respect (using Siwak).

Aisha said, "The Prophet said, "It (i.e. Siwak) is

a purification for the mouth and it is a way of
seeking Allah's pleasures." Ata' and Qatada said,
"There is no harm in swallowing the resultant
saliva."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 155:
Narrated Humran:
I saw 'Uthman performing ablution; he washed
his hands thrice, rinsed his mouth and then
washed his nose, by putting water in it and then
blowing it out, and washed his face thrice, and
then washed his right forearm up to the elbow
thrice, and then the left-forearm up to the elbow
thrice, then smeared his head with water, washed

his right foot thrice, and then his left foot thrice

and said, "I saw Allah's Apostle performing
ablution similar to my present ablution, and then
he said, 'Whoever performs ablution like my
present ablution and then offers two Rakat in

which he does not think of worldly things, all his

previous sins will be forgiven."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 156:
Narrated 'Aisha:
A man came to the Prophet and said that he had
been burnt (ruined). The Prophet asked him what
was the matter. He replied, "I had sexual
intercourse with my wife in Ramadan (while I
was fasting)." Then a basket full of dates was
brought to the Prophet and he asked, "Where is
the burnt (ruined) man?" He replied, "I am
present." The Prophet told him to give that
basket in charity (as expiation).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 157:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
While we were sitting with the Prophet a man
came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have been
ruined." Allah's Apostle asked what was the
matter with him. He replied "I had sexual
intercourse with my wife while I was fasting."
Allah's Apostle asked him, "Can you afford to
manumit a slave?" He replied in the negative.
Allah's Apostle asked him, "Can you fast for two
successive months?" He replied in the negative.
The Prophet asked him, "Can you afford to feed
sixty poor persons?" He replied in the negative.
The Prophet kept silent and while we were in

that state, a big basket full of dates was brought

to the Prophet . He asked, "Where is the
questioner?" He replied, "I (am here)." The
Prophet said (to him), "Take this (basket of
dates) and give it in charity." The man said,
"Should I give it to a person poorer than I? By
Allah; there is no family between its (i.e.
Medina's) two mountains who are poorer than I."
The Prophet smiled till his pre-molar teeth
became visible and then said, 'Feed your family
with it."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 158:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to the Prophet and said, "I had
sexual intercourse with my wife on Ramadan
(while fasting)." The Prophet asked him, "Can
you afford to manumit a slave?" He replied in the
negative. The Prophet asked him, "Can you fast
for two successive months?" He replied in the
negative. He asked him, "Can you afford to feed
sixty poor persons?" He replied in the negative.
(Abu Huraira added): Then a basket full of dates
was brought to the Prophet and he said (to that
man), "Feed (poor people) with this by way of
atonement." He said, "(Should I feed it) to
poorer people than we? There is no poorer
house than ours between its (Medina's)
mountains." The Prophet said, "Then feed your
family with it."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 159:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet was cupped while he was in the
state of lhram, and also while he was observing a
fast.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 160:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet was cupped while he was fasting.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 161:
Narrated Thabit Al-Bunani:
Anas bin Malik was asked whether they disliked

the cupping for a fasting person. He replied in the

negative and said, "Only if it causes weakness."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 162:
Narrated Ibn Abi Aufa:
We were in the company of Allah's Apostle on a
journey. He said to a man, "Get down and mix
Sawiq (powdered barley) with water for me."
The man said, "The sun (has not set yet), O
Allah's Apostle." The Prophet again said to him,
"Get down and mix Sawiq with water for me."
The man again said, "O Allah's Apostle! The

sun!" The Prophet said to him (for the third time)

"Get down and mix Sawiq with water for me."
The man dismounted and mixed Sawiq with
water for him. The Prophet drank it and then
beckoned with his hand (towards the East) and
said, "When you see the night falling from this

side, then a fasting person should break his fast."

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 163:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Hamza bin 'Amr Al-Aslami said, "O Allah's
Apostle! I fast continuously."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 164:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) Hamza bin 'Amr
Al-Aslami asked the Prophet, "Should I fast
while traveling?" The Prophet replied, "You may
fast if you wish, and you may not fast if you
wish."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 165:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Allah's Apostle set out for Mecca in Ramadan
and he fasted, and when he reached Al-Kadid,
he broke his fast and the people (with him) broke
their fast too. (Abu 'Abdullah said, "Al-Kadid is
a land covered with water between Usfan and
Qudaid.")
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 166:
Narrated Abu Ad-Darda:
We set out with Allah's Apostle on one of his

journeys on a very hot day, and it was so hot that

one had to put his hand over his head because of
the severity of heat. None of us was fasting
except the Prophet and Ibn Rawaha.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 167:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle was on a journey and saw a
crowd of people, and a man was being shaded
(by them). He asked, "What is the matter?" They

said, "He (the man) is fasting." The Prophet said,

"It is not righteousness that you fast on a
journey."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 168:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
We used to travel with the Prophet and neither
did the fasting persons criticize those who were
not fasting, nor did those who were not fasting
criticize the fasting ones.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 169:
Narrated Tawus:
Ibn 'Abbas said, "Allah's Apostle set out from
Medina to Mecca and he fasted till he reached
'Usfan, where he asked for water and raised his
hand to let the people see him, and then broke

the fast, and did not fast after that till he reached

Mecca, and that happened in Ramadan." Ibn
'Abbas used to say, "Allah's Apostle (sometimes)
fasted and (sometimes) did not fast during the
journeys so whoever wished to fast could fast,
and whoever wished not to fast, could do so."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 170:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn 'Umar recited the verse: "They had a choice
either to fast or to feed a poor person for every
day, and said that the order of this Verse was
cancelled.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 171:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Sometimes I missed some days of Ramadan, but

could not fast in lieu of them except in the month

of Sha'ban." Said Yahya, a sub-narrator, "She
used to be busy serving the Prophet ."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 172:
Narrated Abu Said:
The Prophet said, "Isn't it true that a woman
does not pray and does not fast on menstruating?
And that is the defect (a loss) in her religion."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 173:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever died and he
ought to have fasted (the missed days of
Ramadan) then his guardians must fast on his
behalf."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 174:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
A man came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! My mother died and she ought to have
fasted one month (for her missed Ramadan).

Shall I fast on her behalf?" The Prophet replied in

the affirmative and said, "Allah's debts have more

right to be paid." In another narration a woman is

reported to have said, "My sister died..."
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: A woman said to the
Prophet "My mother died and she had vowed to

fast but she didn't fast." In another narration Ibn

'Abbas is reported to have said, "A woman said
to the Prophet, "My mother died while she ought
to have fasted for fifteen days."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 175:
Narrated Umar bin Al-Khattab:
Allah's Apostle said, "When night falls from this
side and the day vanishes from this side and the

sun sets, then the fasting person should break his

fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 176:
Narrated Abdullah bin Abi Aufa:
We were in the company of the Prophet on a
journey and he was fasting, and when the sun set,
he addressed somebody, "O so-and-so, get up
and mix Sawiq with water for us." He replied, "O

Allah's Apostle! (Will you wait) till it is evening?"

The Prophet said, "Get down and mix Sawiq
with water for us." He replied, "O Allah's
Apostle! (If you wait) till it is evening." The
Prophet said again, "Get down and mix Sawiq
with water for us." He replied, "It is still
daytime."(1) The Prophet said again, "Get down
and mix Sawiq with water for us." He got down
and mixed Sawiq for them. The Prophet drank it
and then said, "When you see night falling from
this side, the fasting person should break his
fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 177:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi Aufa"
We were traveling with Allah's Apostle and he
was fasting, and when the sun set, he said to
(someone), "Get down and mix Sawiq with
water for us." He replied, "O Allah's Apostle!
(Will you wait) till it is evening?" The Prophet
again said, "Get down and mix Sawiq with water

for us." He replied, "O Allah's Apostle! It is still

daytime." The Prophet said again, "Get down
and mix Sawiq with water for us." So, he got
down and carried out that order. The Prophet
then said, "When you see night falling from this
side, the fasting person should break his fast,"
and he beckoned with his finger towards the
east.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 178:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
Allah's Apostle said, "The people will remain on

the right path as long as they hasten the breaking

of the fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 179:
Narrated Ibn Abi Aufa:
I was with the Prophet on a journey, and he

observed the fast till evening. The Prophet said to

a man, "Get down and mix Sawiq with water for

me." He replied, "Will you wait till it is evening?"

The Prophet said, "Get down and mix Sawiq
with water for me; when you see night falling

from this side, the fasting person should break his

fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 180:
Narrated Abu Usama from Hisham bin 'Ursa
from Fatima:
Asma bint Abi Bakr said, "We broke our fast

during the lifetime of the Prophet on a cloudy day

and then the sun appeared." Hisham was asked,
"Were they ordered to fast in lieu of that day?"
He replied, "It had to be made up for." Ma'mar
said, "I heard Hisham saying, "I don't know
whether they fasted in lieu of that day or not."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 181:
Narrated Ar-Rubi' bint Mu'awadh:
"The Prophet sent a messenger to the village of
the Ansar in the morning of the day of 'Ashura'
(10th of Muharram) to announce: 'Whoever has
eaten something should not eat but complete the
fast, and whoever is observing the fast should
complete it.' "She further said, "Since then we
used to fast on that day regularly and also make
our boys fast. We used to make toys of wool for
the boys and if anyone of them cried for, he was
given those toys till it was the time of the
breaking of the fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 182:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "Do not practice Al-Wisal
(fasting continuously without breaking one's fast
in the evening or eating before the following
dawn)." The people said to the Prophet, "But
you practice Al-Wisal?" The Prophet replied, "I
am not like any of you, for I am given food and
drink (by Allah) during the night."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 183:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade Al-Wisal. The people
said (to him), "But you practice it?" He said, "I
am not like you, for I am given food and drink by
Allah."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 184:
'Narrated Abu Sa'id:
That he had heard the Prophet saying, "Do not
fast continuously (practise Al-Wisal), and if you

intend to lengthen your fast, then carry it on only

till the Suhur (before the following dawn)." The
people said to him, "But you practice (Al-Wisal),
O Allah's Apostle!" He replied, "I am not similar
to you, for during my sleep I have One Who
makes me eat and drink."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 185:
Narrated Aisha:
Allah's Apostle forbade Al-Wisal out of mercy to
them. They said to him, "But you practice
Al-Wisal?" He said, "I am not similar to you, for
my Lord gives me food and drink. "
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 186:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle forbade Al-Wisal in fasting. So,
one of the Muslims said to him, "But you practice
Al-Wisal. O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet
replied, "Who amongst you is similar to me? I am
given food and drink during my sleep by my
Lord." So, when the people refused to stop
Al-Wisal (fasting continuously), the Prophet
fasted day and night continuously along with them
for a day and then another day and then they saw
the crescent moon (of the month of Shawwal).
The Prophet said to them (angrily), "If It (the
crescent) had not appeared, I would have made
you fast for a longer period." That was as a
punishment for them when they refused to stop
(practising Al-Wisal).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 187:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said twice, "(O you people) Be
cautious! Do not practice Al-Wisal." The people
said to him, "But you practice Al-Wisal?" The
Prophet replied, "My Lord gives me food and
drink during my sleep. Do that much of deeds
which is within your ability."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 188:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle said, "Do not fast continuously
day and night (practise Al-Wisal) and if anyone

of you intends to fast continuously day and night,

he should continue till the Suhur time." They said,

"But you practise Al-Wisal, O Allah's Apostle!"
The Prophet said, "I am not similar to you;.
during my sleep I have One Who makes me eat
and drink."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 189:
Narrated Abu Juhaifa:
The Prophet made a bond of brotherhood
between Salman and Abu Ad-Darda.' Salman
paid a visit to Abu Ad-Darda' and found Um
Ad-Darda' dressed in shabby clothes and asked
her why she was in that state. She replied, "Your
brother Abu Ad-Darda' is not interested in (the
luxuries of) this world." In the meantime Abu
Ad-Darda' came and prepared a meal for
Salman. Salman requested Abu Ad-Darda' to
eat (with him), but Abu Ad-Darda' said, "I am
fasting." Salman said, "I am not going to eat
unless you eat." So, Abu Ad-Darda' ate(with
Salman). When it was night and (a part of the
night passed), Abu Ad-Darda' got up (to offer
the night prayer), but Salman told him to sleep
and Abu Ad-Darda' slept. After sometime Abu
Ad-Darda' again got up but Salman told him to
sleep. When it was the last hours of the night,
Salman told him to get up then, and both of them
offered the prayer. Salman told Abu Ad-Darda',
"Your Lord has a right on you, your soul has a
right on you, and your family has a right on you;

so you should give the rights of all those who has

a right on you." Abu Ad-Darda' came to the
Prophet and narrated the whole story. The
Prophet said, "Salman has spoken the truth."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 190:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle used to fast till one would say
that he would never stop fasting, and he would
abandon fasting till one would say that he would

never fast. I never saw Allah's Apostle fasting for

a whole month except the month of Ramadan,
and did not see him fasting in any month more
than in the month of Sha'ban.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 191:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet never fasted in any month more than
in the month of Sha'ban. He used to say, "Do
those deeds which you can do easily, as Allah

will not get tired (of giving rewards) till you get

bored and tired (of performing religious deeds)."
The most beloved prayer to the Prophet was the
one that was done regularly (throughout the life)
even if it were little. And whenever the Prophet
offered a prayer he used to offer it regularly .
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 192:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet never fasted a full month except the
month of Ramadan, and he used to fast till one

could say, "By Allah, he will never stop fasting,"

and he would abandon fasting till one would say,
"By Allah, he will never fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 193:
Narrated Anas:

Allah's Apostle used to leave fasting in a certain

month till we thought that he would not fast in
that month, and he used to fast in another month

till we thought he would not stop fasting at all in

that month. And if one wanted to see him praying
at night, one could see him (in that condition),
and if one wanted to see him sleeping at night,
one could see him (in that condition) too.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 194:
Narrated Humaid:
I asked Anas about the fasting of the Prophet.
He said "Whenever I liked to see the Prophet
fasting in any month, I could see that, and
whenever I liked to see him not fasting, I could

see that too, and if I liked to see him praying in

any night, I could see that, and if I liked to see

him sleeping, I could see that, too." Anas further

said, "I never touched silk or velvet softer than
the hand of Allah's Apostle and never smelled
musk or perfumed smoke more pleasant than the
smell of Allah's Apostle."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 195:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As:
"Once Allah's Apostle came to me," and then he

narrated the whole narration, i.e. your guest has a

right on you, and your wife has a right on you. I
then asked about the fasting of David. The

Prophet replied, "Half of the year," (i.e. he used

to fast on every alternate day).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 196:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As:
Allah's Apostle said to me, "O 'Abdullah! Have I
not been informed that you fast during the day

and offer prayers all the night." 'Abdullah replied,

"Yes, O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet said,

"Don't do that; fast for few days and then give it

up for few days, offer prayers and also sleep at
night, as your body has a right on you, and your

wife has a right on you, and your guest has a right

on you. And it is sufficient for you to fast three

days in a month, as the reward of a good deed is
multiplied ten times, so it will be like fasting
throughout the year." I insisted (on fasting) and
so I was given a hard instruction. I said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I have power." The Prophet
said, "Fast like the fasting of the Prophet David
and do not fast more than that." I said, "How
was the fasting of the Prophet of Allah, David?"

He said, "Half of the year," (i.e. he used to fast

on every alternate day).
Afterwards when 'Abdullah became old, he used

to say, "It would have been better for me if I had

accepted the permission of the Prophet (which

he gave me i.e. to fast only three days a month)."

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 197:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
Allah's Apostle was informed that I had taken an

oath to fast daily and to pray (every night) all the

night throughout my life (so Allah's Apostle came
to me and asked whether it was correct): I
replied, "Let my parents be sacrificed for you! I
said so." The Prophet said, "You can not do that.

So, fast for few days and give it up for few days,

r ray and sleep. Fast three days a month as the
reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times and
that will be equal to one year of fasting." I
replied, "I can do better than that." The Prophet
said to me, "Fast one day and give up fasting for

a day and that is the fasting of Prophet David and

that is the best fasting." I said, "I have the power

to fast better (more) than that." The Prophet said,

"There is no better fasting than that."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 198:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
The news of my daily fasting and praying every
night throughout the night reached the Prophet.
So he sent for me or I met him, and he said, "I
have been informed that you fast everyday and
pray every night (all the night). Fast (for some
days) and give up fasting (for some days); pray
and sleep, for your eyes have a right on you, and

your body and your family (i.e. wife) have a right

on you." I replied, "I have more power than that
(fasting)." The Prophet said, "Then fast like the
fasts of (the Prophet) David". I said, "How?" He
replied, "He used to fast on alternate days, and

he used not to flee on meeting the enemy." I said,

"From where can I get that chance?" ('Ata' said,
"I do not know how the expression of fasting
daily throughout the life occurred.") So, the
Prophet said, twice, "Whoever fasts daily

throughout his life is just as the one who does not

fast at all."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 199:
Narrated Mujahid from 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
The Prophet said (to 'Abdullah), "Fast three days
a month." 'Abdullah said, (to the Prophet) "I am

able to fast more than that." They kept on arguing

on this matter till the Prophet said, "Fast on
alternate days, and recite the whole Qur'an once

a month." 'Abdullah said, "I can recite more (in a

month)," and the argument went on till the
Prophet said, "Recite the Qur'an once each three
days." (i.e. you must not recite the whole Qur'an
in less than three days).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 200:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As:
The Prophet said to me, "You fast daily all the

year and pray every night all the night?" I replied

in the affirmative. The Prophet said, "If you keep

on doing this, your eyes will become weak and

your body will get tired. He who fasts all the year

is as he who did not fast at all. The fasting of
three days (a month) will be equal to the tasting
of the whole year." I replied, "I have the power
for more than this." The Prophet said, "Then fast
like the fasting of David who used to fast on
alternate days and would never flee from the
battle field, on meeting the enemy.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 201:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
Allah's Apostle was informed about my fasts,
and he came to me and I spread for him a leather

cushion stuffed with palm fires, but he sat on the

ground and the cushion remained between me

and him, and then he said, "Isn't it sufficient for

you to fast three days a month?" I replied, "O
Allah's Apostle! (I can fast more)." He said,

"Five?" I replied, "O Allah's Apostle! (I can fast

more)." He said, "Seven?" I replied, "O Allah's
Apostle! (I can fast more)." He said, "Nine (days

per month)?" I replied, "O Allah's Apostle! (I can

fast more)" He said, "Eleven (days per month)?"
And then the Prophet said, "There is no fast
superior to that of the Prophet David it was for
half of the year. So, fast on alternate days."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 202:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
My friend (the Prophet ) advised me to observe
three things:
(1) to fast three days a month;
(2) to pray two Rakat of Duha prayer (fore-noon
prayer); and
(3) to pray Witr before sleeping.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 203:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet paid a visit to Um-Sulaim and she
placed before him dates and ghee. The Prophet
said, "Replace the ghee and dates in their
respective containers for I am fasting." Then he
stood somewhere in her house and offered an
optional prayer and then he invoked good on
Um-Sulaim and her family. Then Um-Sulaim

said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have a special request

(today)." He said, "What is it?" She replied,
"(Please invoke for) your servant Anas." So

Allah's Apostle did not leave anything good in the

world or the Hereafter which he did not invoke
(Allah to bestow) on me and said, "O Allah!
Give him (i.e. Anas) property and children and
bless him." Thus I am one of the richest among
the Ansar and my daughter Umaina told me that
when A-Hajjaj came to Basra, more than 120 of
my offspring had been buried.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 204:
Narrated Mutarrif from 'Imran Ibn Husain:
That the Prophet asked him (Imran) or asked a
man and Imran was listening, "O Abu so-and-so!
Have you fasted the last days of this month?"
(The narrator thought that he said, "the month of
Ramadan"). The man replied, "No, O Allah's
Apostle!" The Prophet said to him, "When you

finish your fasting (of Ramadan) fast two days (in

Shawwal)." Through another series of narrators
'Imran said, "The Prophet said, '(Have you
fasted) the last days of Sha'ban?"
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 205:
Narrated Muhammad bin 'Abbas:
I asked Jabir "Did the Prophet forbid fasting on
Fridays?" He replied, "Yes." (Other narrators
added, "If he intends to fast only that day.")
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 206:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard the Prophet saying, "None of you should
fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before or
after it."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 207:
Narrated Abu Aiyub from Juwairiya bint
Al-Harith:
The Prophet visited her (Juwairiya) on a Friday
and she was fasting. He asked her, "Did you fast
yesterday?" She said, "No." He said, "Do you
intend to fast tomorrow?" She said, "No." He
said, "Then break your fast." Through another
series of narrators, Abu Aiyub is reported to
have said, "He ordered her and she broke her
fast."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 208:
Narrated Alqama:
I asked 'Aisha "Did Allah s Apostle, use to
choose some special days (for fasting)?" She

replied, "No, but he used to be regular (constant)

(in his service of worshipping). Who amongst
you can endure what Allah's Apostle used to
endure?"
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 209:
Narrated Um Al-Fadl bint Al-Harith:
"While the people were with me on the day of
'Arafat they differed as to whether the Prophet
was fasting or not; some said that he was fasting
while others said that he was not fasting. So, I

sent to him a bowl full of milk while he was riding

over his camel and he drank it."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 210:
Narrated Maimuna:
The people doubted whether the Prophet was

fasting on the day of 'Arafat or not, so I sent milk

while he was standing at 'Arafat, he drank it and
the people were looking at him.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 211:
Narrated Abu 'Ubaid:
(the slave of Ibn Azhar) I witnessed the 'Id with
'Umar bin Al-Kattab who said, Allah's Apostle
has forbidden people to fast on the day on which
you break fasting (the fasts of Ramadan) and the
day on which you eat the meat of your sacrifices
(the first day of 'Id ul Fitr and 'Id ul-Adha).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 212:
Narrated Abu Sa'id:

The Prophet forbade the fasting of 'Id-ul-Fitr and

'Id-ul-Adha (two feast days) and also the
wearing of As-Samma' (a single garment
covering the whole body), and sitting with one's
leg drawn up while being wrapped in one
garment. He also forbade the prayers after the
Fajr (morning) and the 'Asr (afternoon) prayers.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 213:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Two fasts and two kinds of sale are forbidden:
fasting on the day of 'Id ul Fitr and 'Id-ul-Adha
and the kinds of sale called Mulamasa and
Munabadha. (These two kinds of sale used to be
practiced in the days of Pre-lslamic period of
ignorance; Mulamasa means when you touch
something displayed for sale you have to buy it;
Munabadha means when the seller throws
something to you, you have to buy it.)
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 214:
Narrated Ziyad bin Jubair:
A man went to Ibn 'Umar I. and said, "A man
vowed to fast one day (the sub-narrator thinks
that he said that the day was Monday), and that
day happened to be 'Id day." Ibn 'Umar said,

"Allah orders vows to be fulfilled and the Prophet

forbade the fasting on this day (i.e. Id)."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 215:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
(who fought in twelve Ghazawat in the company
of the Prophet). I heard four things from the
Prophet and they won my admiration. He said;
1. "No lady should travel on a journey of two
days except with her husband or a Dhi-Mahram;
2. "No fasting is permissible on the two days of
Id-ul-Fitr and 'Id-ul-Adha;
3. "No prayer (may be offered) after the morning
compulsory prayer until the sun rises; and no
prayer after the 'Asr prayer till the sun sets;
4. "One should travel only for visiting three
Masajid (Mosques): Masjid-ul-Haram (Mecca),
Masjid-ul-Aqsa (Jerusalem), and this (my)
Mosque (at Medina)."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 216:
Narrated 'Aisha and Ibn 'Umar:
Nobody was allowed to fast on the days of
Tashrlq except those who could not afford the
Hadi (Sacrifice).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 217:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Fasting for those who perform ,Hajj-at-Tamattu'

(in lieu of the Hadi which they cannot afford) may

be performed up to the day of 'Arafat. And if
one does not get a Hadi and has not fasted
(before the 'Id) then one should fast of the days
of Mina. (11, 12 and 13th of Dhul Hajja).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 218:
Narrated Salim's father:
The Prophet said, "Whoever wishes may fast on
the day of 'Ashura'."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 219:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle ordered (the Muslims) to fast on
the day of 'Ashura', and when fasting in the
month of Ramadan was prescribed, it became

optional for one to fast on that day ('Ashura') or

not.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 220:
Narrated Aisha:

Quraish used to fast on the day of 'Ashura' in the

Pre-lslamic period, and Allah's Apostle too, used
to fast on that day. When he came to Medina, he
fasted on that day and ordered others to fast,
too. Later when the fasting of the month of
Ramadan was prescribed, he gave up fasting on
the day of 'Ashura' and it became optional for
one to fast on it or not.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 221:
Narrated Humaid bin 'Abdur Rahman:
That he heard Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan on the
day of 'Ashura' during the year he performed the
Hajj, saying on the pulpit, "O the people of
Medina! Where are your Religious Scholars? I
heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'This is the day of

'Ashura'. Allah has not enjoined its fasting on you

but I am fasting it. You have the choice either to

fast or not to fast (on this day).' "
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 222:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet came to Medina and saw the Jews
fasting on the day of Ashura. He asked them

about that. They replied, "This is a good day, the

day on which Allah rescued Bani Israel from their
enemy. So, Moses fasted this day." The Prophet
said, "We have more claim over Moses than
you." So, the Prophet fasted on that day and
ordered (the Muslims) to fast (on that day).
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 223:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The day of 'Ashura' was considered as 'Id day
by the Jews. So the Prophet ordered, "I
recommend you (Muslims) to fast on this day."
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 224:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
I never saw the Prophet seeking to fast on a day

more (preferable to him) than this day, the day of

'Ashura', or this month, i.e. the month of
Ramadan.
Volume 3, Book 31, Number 225:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:
The Prophet ordered a man from the tribe of
Bani Aslam to announce amongst the people that
whoever had eaten should fast the rest of the
day, and whoever had not eaten should continue
his fast, as that day was the day of 'Ashura' .
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 32:
Praying at Night in
Ramadaan (Taraweeh)
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 226:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying regarding
Ramadan, "Whoever prayed at night in it (the
month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and
hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his
previous sins will be forgiven."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 227:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever prayed at night
the whole month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith
and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his
previous sins will be forgiven." Ibn Shihab (a
sub-narrator) said, "Allah's Apostle died and the
people continued observing that (i.e. Nawafil

offered individually, not in congregation), and it

remained as it was during the Caliphate of Abu
Bakr and in the early days of 'Umar's Caliphate."
'Abdur Rahman bin 'Abdul Qari said, "I went out
in the company of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab one
night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the
people praying in different groups. A man

praying alone or a man praying with a little group

behind him. So, 'Umar said, 'In my opinion I
would better collect these (people) under the
leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them
pray in congregation!)'. So, he made up his mind
to congregate them behind Ubai bin Ka'b. Then
on another night I went again in his company and
the people were praying behind their reciter. On
that, 'Umar remarked, 'What an excellent Bid'a

(i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer

which they do not perform, but sleep at its time is

better than the one they are offering.' He meant

the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those

days) people used to pray in the early part of the

night."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 228:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to
pray (at night) in Ramadan.
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 229:
Narrated 'Urwa:
That he was informed by 'Aisha, "Allah's Apostle
went out in the middle of the night and prayed in
the mosque and some men prayed behind him. In
the morning, the people spoke about it and then
a large number of them gathered and prayed
behind him (on the second night). In the next
morning the people again talked about it and on
the third night the mosque was full with a large
number of people. Allah's Apostle came out and
the people prayed behind him. On the fourth
night the Mosque was overwhelmed with people
and could not accommodate them, but the
Prophet came out (only) for the morning prayer.
When the morning prayer was finished he recited
Tashah-hud and (addressing the people) said,
"Amma ba'du, your presence was not hidden
from me but I was afraid lest the night prayer
(Qiyam) should be enjoined on you and you
might not be able to carry it on." So, Allah's
Apostle died and the situation remained like that
(i.e. people prayed individually). "
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 230:
Narrated Abu Salama bin 'Abdur Rahman:
that he asked 'Aisha "How was the prayer of
Allah's Apostle in Ramadan?" She replied, "He
did not pray more than eleven Rakat in Ramadan
or in any other month. He used to pray four
Rakat ---- let alone their beauty and
length----and then he would pray four ----let
alone their beauty and length ----and then he
would pray three Rakat (Witr)." She added, "I
asked, 'O Allah's Apostle! Do you sleep before
praying the Witr?' He replied, 'O 'Aisha! My
eyes sleep but my heart does not sleep."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 231:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever fasted the month of
Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and
hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past
sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the
prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith
and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his
previous sins will be forgiven ."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 232:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Some men amongst the companions of the
Prophet were shown in their dreams that the
night of Qadr was in the last seven nights of
Ramadan. Allah's Apostle said, "It seems that all
your dreams agree that (the Night of Qadr) is in
the last seven nights, and whoever wants to
search for it (i.e. the Night of Qadr) should
search in the last seven (nights of Ramadan)."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 233:
Narrated Abu Salama:
I asked Abu Sa'id, and he was a friend of mine,
(about the Night of Qadr) and he said, "We
practiced Itikaf (seclusion in the mosque) in the
middle third of the month of Ramadan with the
Prophet . In the morning of the 20th of Ramadan,
the Prophet came and addressed us and said, 'I
was informed of (the date of the Night of Qadr)

but I was caused to forget it; so search for it in

the odd nights of the last ten nights of the month

of Ramadan. (In the dream) I saw myself
prostrating in mud and water (as a sign). So,

whoever was in l'tikaf with me should return to it

with me (for another 10-day's period)', and we

returned. At that time there was no sign of clouds

in the sky but suddenly a cloud came and it

rained till rain-water started leaking through the

roof of the mosque which was made of
date-palm leaf stalks. Then the prayer was
established and I saw Allah's Apostle prostrating
in mud and water and I saw the traces of mud on
his forehead."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 234:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle said, "Search for the Night of
Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of
Ramadan."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 235:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle used to practice Itikaf (in the
mosque) in the middle third of Ramadan and
after passing the twenty nights he used to go
back to his house on the 21st, and the people
who were in Itikaf with him also used to go back
to their houses. Once in Ramadan, in which he

practiced Itikaf, he established the night prayers

at the night in which he used to return home, and
then he addressed the people and ordered them
whatever Allah wished him to order and said, "I

used to practice Itikaf for these ten days (i.e. the

middle 113rd but now I intend to stay in Itikaf
for the last ten days (of the month); so whoever
was in Itikaf with me should stay at his place of
seclusion. I have verily been shown (the date of)
this Night (of Qadr) but I have forgotten it. So

search for it in the odd nights of the last ten days

(of this month). I also saw myself (in the dream)

prostrating in mud and water." On the night of the

21st, the sky was covered with clouds and it

rained, and the rain-water started leaking through

the roof of the mosque at the praying place of the

Prophet . I saw with my own eyes the Prophet at
the completion of the morning prayer leaving with
his face covered with mud and water.
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 236:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet said, "Look for (the Night of
Qadr)."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 237:
Narrated 'Aisha:

Allah's Apostle used to practice Itikaf in the last

ten nights of Ramadan and used to say, "Look

for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of the

month of Ramadan ,"
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 238:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, "Look for the Night of Qadr in
the last ten nights of Ramadan ,' on the night
when nine or seven or five nights remain out of
the last ten nights of Ramadan (i.e. 21, 23, 25,
respectively)."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 239:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

Allah's Apostle said, "The Night of Qadr is in the

last ten nights of the month (Ramadan), either on

the first nine or in the last (remaining) seven nights

(of Ramadan)." Ibn 'Abbas added, "Search for it
on the twenty-fourth (of Ramadan)."
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 240:
Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit:
The Prophet came out to inform us about the
Night of Qadr but two Muslims were quarreling
with each other. So, the Prophet said, "I came
out to inform you about the Night of Qadr but
such-and-such persons were quarreling, so the
news about it had been taken away; yet that
might be for your own good, so search for it on
the 29th, 27th and 25th (of Ramadan).
Volume 3, Book 32, Number 241:
Narrated Aisha:
With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan,
the Prophet used to tighten his waist belt (i.e.
work hard) and used to pray all the night, and
used to keep his family awake for the prayers.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 33:
Retiring to a Mosque for
Remembrance of Allah
(I'tikaf)
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 242:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:

Allah's Apostle used to practise Itikaf in the last

ten days of the month of Ramadan.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 243:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) The Prophet used to

practice Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan till

he died and then his wives used to practice Itikaf

after him.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 244:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle used to practice Itikaf in the
middle ten days of Ramadan and once he stayed

in Itikaf till the night of the twenty-first and it was

the night in the morning of which he used to come
out of his Itikaf. The Prophet said, "Whoever

was in Itikaf with me should stay in Itikaf for the

last ten days, for I was informed (of the date) of

the Night (of Qadr) but I have been caused to

forget it. (In the dream) I saw myself prostrating

in mud and water in the morning of that night. So,

look for it in the last ten nights and in the odd

ones of them." It rained that night and the roof of

the mosque dribbled as it was made of leaf stalks
of date-palms. I saw with my own eyes the mark
of mud and water on the forehead of the Prophet
(i.e. in the morning of the twenty-first).
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 245:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet used to (put) bend his head (out) to
me while he was in Itikaf in the mosque during
my monthly periods and I would comb and oil his
hair.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 246:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to
let his head in (the house) while he was in the
mosque and I would comb and oil his hair. When

in Itikaf he used not to enter the house except for

a need.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 247:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet used to embrace me during my
menses. He also used to put his head out of the
mosque while he was in Itikaf, and I would wash
it during my menses.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 248:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Umar asked the Prophet "I vowed in the
Pre-lslamic period of ignorance to stay in Itikaf
for one night in Al-Masjid al-Haram." The
Prophet said to him, "Fulfill your vow."
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 249:
Narrated 'Amra:

Aisha said, "the Prophet used to practice Itikaf in

the last ten days of Ramadan and I used to pitch
a tent for him, and after offering the morning
prayer, he used to enter the tent." Hafsa asked
the permission of 'Aisha to pitch a tent for her
and she allowed her and she pitched her tent.
When Zainab bint Jahsh saw it, she pitched
another tent. In the morning the Prophet noticed

the tents. He said, 'What is this?" He was told of

the whole situation. Then the Prophet said, "Do
you think that they intended to do righteousness
by doing this?" He therefore abandoned the Itikaf

in that month and practiced Itikaf for ten days in

the month of Shawwal."
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 250:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet intended to practice Itikaf and when
he reached the place where he intended to
perform Itikaf, he saw some tents, the tents of
'Aisha, Hafsa and Zainab. So, he said, "Do you
consider that they intended to do righteousness
by doing this?" And then he went away and did
not perform Itikaf (in Ramadan) but performed it
in the month of Shawwal for ten days.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 251:
Narrated Ali bin Al-Husain:
Safiya, the wife of the Prophet told me that she

went to Allah's Apostle to visit him in the mosque

while he was in Itikaf in the last ten days of
Ramadan. She had a talk with him for a while,
then she got up in order to return home. The
Prophet accompanied her. When they reached
the gate of the mosque, opposite the door of
Um-Salama, two Ansari men were passing by
and they greeted Allah's Apostle . He told them:
Do not run away! And said, "She is (my wife)
Safiya bint Huyai." Both of them said, "Subhan
Allah, (How dare we think of any evil) O Allah's
Apostle!" And they felt it. The Prophet said (to
them), "Satan reaches everywhere in the human
body as blood reaches in it, (everywhere in one's

body). I was afraid lest Satan might insert an evil

thought in your minds."
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 252:
Narrated Abu Salama bin 'Abdur-Rahman:
I asked Abu Said Al-Khudri, "Did you hear
Allah's Apostle talking about the Night of Qadr?"
He replied in the affirmative and said, "Once we
were in Itikaf with Allah's Apostle in the middle
ten days of (Ramadan) and we came out of it in
the morning of the twentieth, and Allah's
Apostle- delivered a sermon on the 20th (of
Ramadan) and said, 'I was informed (of the date)
of the Night of Qadr (in my dream) but had

forgotten it. So, look for it in the odd nights of

the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. I
saw myself prostrating in mud and water on that
night (as a sign of the Night of Qadr). So,
whoever had been in Itikaf with Allah's Apostle
should return for it.' The people returned to the
mosque (for Itikaf). There was no trace of clouds
in the sky. But all of a sudden a cloud came and
it rained. Then the prayer was established (they
stood for the prayer) and Allah's Apostle
prostrated in mud and water and I saw mud over
the forehead and the nose of the Prophet.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 253:
Narrated 'Aisha:
One of the wives of Allah's Apostle practiced
Itikaf with him while she ad bleeding in between
her periods and she would see red (blood) or
yellowish traces, and sometimes we put a tray
beneath her when she offered the prayer.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 254:
Narrated 'Ali bin Al-Husain (from Safiya, the
Prophet's wife):
The wives of the Prophet were with him in the
mosque (while he was in Itikaf) and then they
departed and the Prophet said to Safiya bint
Huyai, "Don't hurry up, for I shall accompany
you," (and her dwelling was in the house of
Usama). The Prophet went out and in the
meantime two Ansari men met him and they
looked at the Prophet and passed by. The
Prophet said to them, "Come here. She is (my
wife) Safiya bint Huyai." They replied, "Subhan
Allah, (How dare we think of evil) O Allah's
Apostle! (we never expect anything bad from
you)." The Prophet replied, "Satan circulates in
the human being as blood circulates in the body,
and I was afraid lest Satan might insert an evil
thought in your minds."
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 255:
Narrated 'Ali bin Al-Husain from Safiya:

Safiya went to the Prophet while he was in Itikaf.

When she returned, the Prophet accompanied
her walking. An Ansari man saw him. When the
Prophet noticed him, he called him and said,
"Come here. She is Safiya. (Sufyan a
sub-narrator perhaps said that the Prophet had

said, "This is Safiya"). And Satan circulates in the

body of Adam's offspring as his blood circulates
in it."
(A sub-narrator asked Sufyan, "Did Safiya visit
him at night?" He said, "Of course, at night.")
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 256:
Narrated Abu Said:
We practiced Itikaf with Allah's Apostle in the
middle ten days (of Ramadan). In the morning of
the twentieth (of Ramadan) we shifted our
baggage, but Allah's Apostle came to us and
said, "Whoever was m Itikaf should return to his

place of Itikaf, for I saw (i.e. was informed about

the date of) this Night (of Qadr) and saw myself
prostrating in mud and water." When I returned
to my place the sky was overcast with clouds
and it rained. By Him Who sent Muhammad with
the Truth, the sky was covered with clouds from
the end of that day, and the mosque which was

roofed with leaf-stalks of date palm trees (leaked

with rain) and I saw the trace of mud and water
over the nose of the Prophet and its tip.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 257:
Narrated 'Amra bint 'Abdur-Rahman from
'Aisha:

Allah's Apostle used to practice Itikaf every year

in the month of Ramadan. And after offering the
morning prayer, he used to enter the place of his
Itikaf. 'Aisha asked his permission to let her
practice Itikaf and he allowed her, and so she
pitched a tent in the mosque. When Hafsa heard

of that, she also pitched a tent (for herself), and

when Zainab heard of that, she too pitched
another tent. When, in the morning, Allah's
Apostle had finished the morning prayer, he saw
four tents and asked, "What is this?" He was
informed about it. He then said, "What made
them do this? Is it righteousness? Remove the
tents, for I do not want to see them." So, the
tents were removed. The Prophet did not
perform Itikaf that year in the month of
Ramadan, but did it in the last ten days of
Shawwal.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 258:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
'Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "O Allah's Apostle! I
vowed in the Pre-lslamic period to perform Itikaf
in Al-Masjid-al-Haram for one night." The
Prophet said, "Fulfill your vow." So, he
performed Itikaf for one night.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 259:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
that 'Umar had vowed in the Pre-lslamic period
to perform Itikaf in Al-Masjid-al-Haram. (A
sub-narrator thinks that 'Umar vowed to perform
Itikaf for one night.) Allah's Apostle said to
'Umar, "Fulfill your vow."
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 260:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet used to perform Itikaf every year in
the month of Ramadan for ten days, and when it

was the year of his death, he stayed in Itikaf for

twenty days.
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 261:
Narrated 'Amra bint 'AbdurRahman from 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle mentioned that he would practice
Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan. 'Aisha
asked his permission to perform Itikaf and he
permitted her. Hafsa asked 'Aisha to take his
permission for
Volume 3, Book 33, Number 262:
Narrated 'Urwa:
Aisha during her menses used to comb and oil
the hair of the Prophet while he used to be in
Itikaf in the mosque. He would stretch out his
head towards her while she was in her chamber.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 34:
Sales and Trade
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 263:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
You people say that Abu Huraira tells many
narrations from Allah's Apostle and you also
wonder why the emigrants and Ansar do not
narrate from Allah's Apostle as Abu Huraira
does. My emigrant brothers were busy in the
market while I used to stick to Allah's Apostle
content with what fills my stomach; so I used to
be present when they were absent and I used to
remember when they used to forget, and my
Ansari brothers used to be busy with their
properties and I was one of the poor men of
Suffa. I used to remember the narrations when
they used to forget. No doubt, Allah's Apostle
once said, "Whoever spreads his garment till I
have finished my present speech and then gathers

it to himself, will remember whatever I will say."

So, I spread my colored garment which I was
wearing till Allah's Apostle had finished his
saying, and then I gathered it to my chest. So, I
did not forget any of that narrations.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 264:
Narrated Ibrahim bin Sad from his father from
his grand-father:
Abdur Rahman bin Auf said, "When we came to
Medina as emigrants, Allah's Apostle established
a bond of brotherhood between me and Sad bin
Ar-Rabi'. Sad bin Ar-Rabi' said (to me), 'I am
the richest among the Ansar, so I will give you
half of my wealth and you may look at my two
wives and whichever of the two you may choose
I will divorce her, and when she has completed
the prescribed period (before marriage) you may
marry her.' Abdur-Rahman replied, "I am not in
need of all that. Is there any market-place where
trade is practiced?' He replied, "The market of
Qainuqa." Abdur-Rahman went to that market
the following day and brought some dried
butter-milk (yogurt) and butter, and then he
continued going there regularly. Few days later,
'AbdurRahman came having traces of yellow
(scent) on his body. Allah's Apostle asked him
whether he had got married. He replied in the
affirmative. The Prophet said, 'Whom have you
married?' He replied, 'A woman from the Ansar.'
Then the Prophet asked, 'How much did you pay

her?' He replied, '(I gave her) a gold piece equal

in weigh to a date stone (or a date stone of
gold)! The Prophet said, 'Give a Walima
(wedding banquet) even if with one sheep .' "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 265:
Narrated Anas:
When Abdur-Rahman bin Auf came to Medina,
the Prophet established a bond of brotherhood
between him and Sad bin Ar-Rabi al-Ansari.
Sad was a rich man, so he said to
'Abdur-Rahman, "I will give you half of my
property and will help you marry."
'Abdur-Rahman said (to him), "May Allah bless
you in your family and property. Show me the
market." So 'Abdur-Rahman did not return from
the market) till he gained some dried buttermilk
(yoghurt) and butter (through trading). He
brought that to his house-hold. We stayed for
some-time (or as long as Allah wished), and then
Abdur-Rahman came, scented with yellowish
perfume. The Prophet said (to him) "What is
this?" He replied, "I got married to an Ansari
woman." The Prophet asked, "What did you pay
her?" He replied, "A gold stone or gold equal to
the weight of a date stone." The Prophet said (to
him), "Give a wedding banquet even if with one
sheep."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 266:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
'Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were
market-places in the Pre-lslamic period of
ignorance. When Islam came, Muslims felt that
marketing there might be a sin. So, the Divine
Inspiration came: "There is no harm for you to
seek the bounty of your Lord (in the seasons of
Hajj)." (2.198) Ibn 'Abbas recited the Verse in
this way.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 267:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:

The Prophet said "Both legal and illegal things are

obvious, and in between them are (suspicious)
doubtful matters. So who-ever forsakes those
doubtful things lest he may commit a sin, will
definitely avoid what is clearly illegal; and
who-ever indulges in these (suspicious) doubtful

things bravely, is likely to commit what is clearly

illegal. Sins are Allah's Hima (i.e. private pasture)

and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely

to get in it at any moment."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 268:
Narrated Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika:
y the same woman)?" His wife was the daughter
of Abu Ihab-al-Tamimi.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 269:
Narrated Aisha:
Utba bin Abu Waqqas took a firm promise from
his brother Sad bin Abu Waqqas to take the son
of the slave-girl of Zam'a into his custody as he
was his (i.e. 'Utba's) son. In the year of the
Conquest (of Mecca) Sad bin Abu Waqqas
took him, and said that he was his brother's son,
and his brother took a promise from him to that
effect. 'Abu bin Zam'a got up and said, "He is my

brother and the son of the slave-girl of my father

and was born on my father's bed." Then they
both went to the Prophet Sad said, "O Allah's
Apostle! He is the son of my brother and he has
taken a promise from me that I will take him."
'Abu bin Zam'a said, "(He is) my brother and the
son of my father's slave-girl and was born on my
father's bed." Allah's Apostle said, "The boy is
for you. O 'Abu bin Zam'a." Then the Prophet
said, "The son is for the bed (i.e the man on
whose bed he was born) and stones
(disappointment and deprivation) for the one
who has done illegal sexual intercourse." The
Prophet told his wife Sauda bint Zam'a to screen
herself from that boy as he noticed a similarity
between the boy and 'Utba. So, the boy did not
see her till he died.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 270:
Narrated 'Adi bin Hatim:
I asked Allah's Apostle about Al Mirad (i.e. a
sharp-edged piece of wood or a piece of wood
provided with a piece of iron used for hunting).

He replied, "If the game is hit by its sharp edge,

eat it, and if it is hit by its broad side, do not eat

it, for it has been beaten to death." I asked, "O
Allah's Apostle! I release my dog by the name of

Allah and find with it at the game, another dog on

which I have not mentioned the name of Allah,
and I do not know which one of them caught the

game." Allah's Apostle said (to him), 'Don't eat it

as you have mentioned the name of Allah on your
dog and not on the other dog."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 271:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet passed by a fallen date and said,
"Were it not for my doubt that this might have

been given in charity, I would have eaten it." And

narrated Abu Huraira the Prophet said, "I found
a date-fruit fallen on my bed."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 272:
Narrated 'Abbas bin Tamim:
that his uncle said: "The Prophet was asked: If a
person feels something during his prayer; should
one interrupt his prayer?" The Prophet said: No!
You should not give it up unless you hear a
sound or smell something." Narrated Ibn Abi
Hafsa: Az-Zuhri said, "There is no need of
repeating ablution unless you detect a smell or
hear a sound."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 273:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Some people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Meat is
brought to us by some people and we are not
sure whether the name of Allah has been

mentioned on it or not (at the time of slaughtering

the animals)." Allah's Apostle said (to them),
"Mention the name of Allah and eat it."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 274:
Narrated Jabir:
While we were offering the prayer with the
Prophet a caravan carrying food came from
Sham. The people looked towards the caravan
(and went to it) and only twelve persons
remained with the Prophet. So, the Divine
Inspiration came; "But when they see some
bargain or some amusement, they disperse
headlong to it." (62.11)
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 275:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "A time will come when one
will not care how one gains one's money, legally
or illegally."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 276:
Narrated Abu Al-Minhal:
I used to practice money exchange, and I asked
Zaid bin 'Arqam about it, and he narrated what
the Prophet said in the following: Abu Al-Minhal
said, "I asked Al-Bara' bin 'Azib and Zaid bin
Arqam about practicing money exchange. They
replied, 'We were traders in the time of Allah's
Apostle and I asked Allah's Apostle about

money exchange. He replied, 'If it is from hand to

hand, there is no harm in it; otherwise it is not
permissible."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 277:
Narrated 'Ubai bin 'Umar:
Abu Musa asked Umar to admit him but he was
not admitted as 'Umar was busy, so Abu Musa
went back. When 'Umar finished his job he said,
"Didn't I hear the voice of 'Abdullah bin Qais?
Let him come in." 'Umar was told that he had
left. So, he sent for him and on his arrival, he
(Abu Musa) said, "We were ordered to do so
(i.e. to leave if not admitted after asking

permission thrice). 'Umar told him, "Bring witness

in proof of your statement." Abu Musa went to
the Ansar's meeting places and asked them. They
said, "None amongst us will give this witness
except the youngest of us, Abu Said Al-Khudri.
Abu Musa then took Abu Said Al-Khudri (to
'Umar) and 'Umar said, surprisingly, "Has this
order of Allah's Apostle been hidden from me?"
(Then he added), "I used to be busy trading in
markets."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 278:
Narrated Jabir:
A caravan arrived (at Medina) while we were
offering the Jumua prayer with the Prophet. The
people left out for the caravan, with the
exception of twelve persons. Then this Verse
was revealed: 'But when they see some bargain
or some amusement, they disperse headlong to it
and leave you standing." (62.11)
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 279:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet said, "If a woman gives in charity
from her house meals without wasting (i.e. being
extravagant), she will get the reward for her
giving, and her husband will also get the reward

for his earning and the storekeeper will also get a

similar reward. The acquisition of the reward of
none of them will reduce the reward of the
others."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 280:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "If a woman gives something
(i.e. in charity) from her husband's earnings
without his permission, she will get half his
reward."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 281:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "whoever desires
an expansion in his sustenance and age, should
keep good relations with his Kith and kin."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 282:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet purchased food grains from a Jew
on credit and mortgaged his iron armor to him.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 283:
Narrated Qatada:
Anas went to the Prophet with barley bread
having some dissolved fat on it. The Prophet had
mortgaged his armor to a Jew in Medina and
took from him some barley for his family. Anas
heard him saying, "The household of Muhammad
did not possess even a single Sa of wheat or
food grains for the evening meal, although he has
nine wives to look after." (See Hadith No. 685)
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 284:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When Abu Bakr As-Siddiq was chosen Caliph,
he said, "My people know that my profession
was not incapable of providing substance to my
family. And as I will be busy serving the Muslim
nation, my family will eat from the National
Treasury of Muslims, and I will practise the
profession of serving the Muslims."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 285:
Narrated Aisha:
The companions of Allah's Apostle used to
practise manual labor, so their sweat used to
smell, and they were advised to take a bath.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 286:
Narrated Al-Miqdam:
The Prophet said, "Nobody has ever eaten a
better meal than that which one has earned by
working with one's own hands. The Prophet of
Allah, David used to eat from the earnings of his
manual labor."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 287:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Prophet David used
not to eat except from the earnings of his manual
labor."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 288:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "One would rather cut and
carry a bundle of wood on his back than ask
somebody who may or may not live him."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 289:
Narrated Az-Zubair bin Al-Awwam:
The Prophet said, "One would rather take a rope
and cut wood and carry it than ask others)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 290:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah's mercy be on
him who is lenient in his buying, selling, and in
demanding back his money."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 291:
Narrated Hudhaifa:
The Prophet said, "Before your time the angels
received the soul of a man and asked him, 'Did
you do any good deeds (in your life)?' He
replied, 'I used to order my employees to grant
time to the rich person to pay his debts at his
convenience.' So Allah said to the angels;
"Excuse him." Rabi said that (the dead man said),
'I used to be easy to the rich and grant time to

the poor.' Or, in another narration, 'grant time to

the well-off and forgive the needy,' or, 'accept
from the well-off and forgive the needy.'
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 292:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "There was a merchant who
used to lend the people, and whenever his debtor
was in straitened circumstances, he would say to
his employees, 'Forgive him so that Allah may
forgive us.' So, Allah forgave him."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 293:
Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:
Allah's Apostle said, "The seller and the buyer
have the right to keep or return goods as long as

they have not parted or till they part; and if both

the parties spoke the truth and described the
defects and qualities (of the goods), then they

would be blessed in their transaction, and if they

told lies or hid something, then the blessings of
their transaction would be lost."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 294:
Narrated Abu Said:
We used to be given mixed dates (from the
booty) and used to sell (barter) two Sas of those
dates) for one Sa (of good dates). The Prophet
said (to us), "No (bartering of) two Sas for one
Sa nor two Dirhams for one Dirham is
permissible", (as that is a kind of usury). (See
Hadith No. 405).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 295:
Narrated Abu Mas'ud:
An Ansari man, called Abu Shu'aib, came and
told his butcher slave, "Prepare meals sufficient

for five persons, for I want to invite the Prophet

along with four other persons as I saw signs of
hunger on his face." Abu Shu'aib invited them
and another person came along with them. The
Prophet said (to Abu Shu'aib), This man

followed us, so if you allow him, he will join us,

and if you want him to return, he will go back."
Abu Shu'aib said, "No, I have allowed him (i.e.
he, too, is welcomed to the meal)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 296:
Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:
The Prophet aid, "The buyer and the seller have
the option to cancel or to confirm the deal, as

long as they have not parted or till they part, and

if they spoke the truth and told each other the
defects of the things, then blessings would be in

their deal, and if they hid something and told lies,

the blessing of the deal would be lost."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 297:
Narrated Aisha:
When the last Verses of Surat al- Baqara were
revealed, the Prophet recited them in the mosque
and proclaimed the trade of alcohol as illegal.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 298:
Narrated Samura bin Jundab:
The Prophet said, "This night I dreamt that two
men came and took me to a Holy land whence
we proceeded on till we reached a river of
blood, where a man was standing, and on its
bank was standing another man with stones in his

hands. The man in the middle of the river tried to

come out, but the other threw a stone in his
mouth and forced him to go back to his original
place. So, whenever he tried to come out, the
other man would throw a stone in his mouth and
force him to go back to his former place. I
asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'The person in
the river was a Riba-eater."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 299:
Narrated 'Aun bin Abu Juhaifa:
My father bought a slave who practiced the
profession of cupping. (My father broke the

slave's instruments of cupping). I asked my father

why he had done so. He replied, "The Prophet
forbade the acceptance of the price of a dog or
blood, and also forbade the profession of

tattooing, getting tattooed and receiving or giving

Riba, (usury), and cursed the picture-makers."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 300:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "The swearing (by
the seller) may persuade the buyer to purchase
the goods but that will be deprived of Allah's
blessing."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 301:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Aufa:
A man displayed some goods in the market and
swore by Allah that he had been offered so much
for that, that which was not offered, and he said
so, so as to cheat a Muslim. On that occasion the
following Verse was revealed: "Verily! Those
who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah's
covenant and their oaths (They shall have no
portion in the Hereafter ..etc.)' (3.77)
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 302:
Narrated 'Ali:
I got an old she-camel as my share from the
booty, and the Prophet had given me another
from Al-Khumus. And when I intended to marry
Fatima (daughter of the Prophet), I arranged that
a goldsmith from the tribe of Bani Qainuqa'
would accompany me in order to bring Idhkhir

and then sell it to the goldsmiths and use its price

for my marriage banquet.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 303:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah made Mecca a
sanctuary and it was neither permitted for anyone
before, nor will it be permitted for anyone after
me (to fight in it). And fighting in it was made
legal for me for a few hours of a day only. None
is allowed to uproot its thorny shrubs or to cut
down its trees or to chase its game or to pick up
its Luqata (fallen things) except by a person who
would announce it publicly." 'Abbas bin
'Abdul-Muttlib requested the Prophet, "Except
Al-Idhkhir, for our goldsmiths and for the roofs
of our houses." The Prophet said, "Except
Al-Idhkhir." 'Ikrima said, "Do you know what is

meant by chasing its game? It is to drive it out of

the shade and sit in its place." Khalid said,
"('Abbas said: Al-Idhkhir) for our goldsmiths and
our graves."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 304:
Narrated Khabbab:
I was a blacksmith in the Pre-lslamic period, and
'Asi bin Wail owed me some money, so I went
to him to demand it. He said (to me), "I will not
pay you unless you disbelieve Muhammad." I

said, "I will not disbelieve till Allah kills you and

then you get resurrected." He said, "Leave me till

I die and get resurrected, then I will be given
wealth and children and I will pay you your
debt." On that occasion it was revealed to the
Prophet:
'Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our signs
and says: Surely I will be given wealth and
children? Has he known the unseen, or has he
taken a covenant from the Beneficent (Allah)?
(19.77-78)
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 305:
Narrated Ishaq bin 'Abdullah bin Abu Talha:
I heard Anas bin Malik saying, "A tailor invited
Allah's Apostle to a meal which he had prepared.
" Anas bin Malik said, "I accompanied Allah's
Apostle to that meal. He served the Prophet with
bread and soup made with gourd and dried
meat. I saw the Prophet taking the pieces of
gourd from the dish." Anas added, "Since that
day I have continued to like gourd."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 306:
Narrated Abu Hazim:
I heard Sahl bin Sad saying, "A woman brought
a Burda (i.e. a square piece of cloth having
edging). I asked, 'Do you know what a Burda

is?' They replied in the affirmative and said, "It is

a cloth sheet with woven margins." Sahl went on,
"She addressed the Prophet and said, 'I have
woven it with my hands for you to wear.' The
Prophet took it as he was in need of it, and came

to us wearing it as a waist sheet. One of us said,

'O Allah's Apostle! Give it to me to wear.' The
Prophet agreed to give it to him. The Prophet sat
with the people for a while and then returned
(home), wrapped that waist sheet and sent it to
him. The people said to that man, 'You haven't
done well by asking him for it when you know
that he never turns down anybody's request.' The
man replied, 'By Allah, I have not asked him for

it except to use it as my shroud when I die." Sahl

added; "Later it (i.e. that sheet) was his shroud."

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 307:
Narrated Abu Hazim:
Some men came to Sahl bin Sad to ask him

about the pulpit. He replied, "Allah's Apostle sent

for a woman (Sahl named her) (this message):
'Order your slave carpenter to make pieces of

wood (i.e. a pulpit) for me so that I may sit on it

while addressing the people.' So, she ordered

him to make it from the tamarisk of the forest. He

brought it to her and she sent it to Allah's Apostle

. Allah's Apostle ordered it to be placed in the
mosque: so, it was put and he sat on it.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 308:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah: An Ansari woman

said to Allah's Apostle, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall

I make something for you to sit on, as I have a
slave who is a carpenter?" He replied, "If you
wish." So, she got a pulpit made for him. When it
was Friday
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 309:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle bought food grains from a Jew
on credit and mortgaged his armor to him.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 310:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
I was with the Prophet in a Ghazwa (Military
Expedition) and my camel was slow and
exhausted. The Prophet came up to me and said,

"O Jabir." I replied, "Yes?" He said, "What is the

matter with you?" I replied, "My camel is slow
and tired, so I am left behind." So, he got down
and poked the camel with his stick and then
ordered me to ride. I rode the camel and it
became so fast that I had to hold it from going
ahead of Allah's Apostle . He then asked me,
have you got married?" I replied in the
affirmative. He asked, "A virgin or a matron?" I
replied, "I married a matron." The Prophet said,
"Why have you not married a virgin, so that you
may play with her and she may play with you?"

Jabir replied, "I have sisters (young in age) so I

liked to marry a matron who could collect them
all and comb their hair and look after them." The
Prophet said, "You will reach, so when you have
arrived (at home), I advise you to associate with

your wife (that you may have an intelligent son)."

Then he asked me, "Would you like to sell your
camel?" I replied in the affirmative and the
Prophet purchased it for one Uqiya of gold.
Allah's Apostle reached before me and I reached
in the morning, and when I went to the mosque, I
found him at the door of the mosque. He asked
me, "Have you arrived just now?" I replied in the
affirmative. He said, "Leave your camel and
come into (the mosque) and pray two Rakat." I
entered and offered the prayer. He told Bilal to
weigh and give me one Uqiya of gold. So Bilal
weighed for me fairly and I went away. The
Prophet sent for me and I thought that he would
return to me my camel which I hated more than
anything else. But the Prophet said to me, "Take
your camel as well as its price."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 311:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
'Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were markets
in the Pre-lslamic period. When the people
embraced Islam they considered it a sin to trade
there. So, the following Holy Verse came:--
'There is no harm for you if you seek of the
bounty of your Lord (Allah) in the Hajj season."
(2.198) Ibn 'Abbas recited it like this.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 312:
Narrated 'Amr:
Here (i.e. in Mecca) there was a man called
Nawwas and he had camels suffering from the
disease of excessive and unquenchable thirst. Ibn
'Umar went to the partner of Nawwas and
bought those camels. The man returned to
Nawwas and told him that he had sold those
camels. Nawwas asked him, "To whom have
you sold them?" He replied, "To such and such
Sheikh." Nawwas said, "Woe to you; By Allah,
that Sheikh was Ibn 'Umar." Nawwas then went
to Ibn 'Umar and said to him, "My partner sold
you camels suffering from the disease of
excessive thirst and he had not known you." Ibn
'Umar told him to take them back. When
Nawwas went to take them, Ibn 'Umar said to
him, "Leave them there as I am happy with the
decision of Allah's Apostle that there is no
oppression . "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 313:
Narrated Abu Qatada:
We set out with Allah's Apostle in the year of
Hunain, (the Prophet gave me an armor). I sold
that armor and bought a garden in the region of
the tribe of Bani Salama and that was the first
property I got after embracing Islam.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 314:
Narrated Abu Musa:
Allah's Apostle said, "The example of a good
companion (who sits with you) in comparison
with a bad one, is I like that of the musk seller
and the blacksmith's bellows (or furnace); from
the first you would either buy musk or enjoy its
good smell while the bellows would either burn
your clothes or your house, or you get a bad
nasty smell thereof."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 315:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Abu Taiba cupped Allah's Apostle so he ordered
that he be paid one Sa of dates and ordered his
masters to reduce his tax (as he was a slave and
had to pay a tax to them).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 316:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Once the Prophet got his blood out (medically)
and paid that person who had done it. If it had
been illegal, the Prophet would not have paid
him.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 317:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Once the Prophet sent to 'Umar a silken
two-piece garment, and when he saw 'Umar

wearing it, he said to him, "I have not sent it to

you to wear. It is worn by him who has no share

in the Hereafter, and I have sent it to you so that

you could benefit by it (i.e. sell it)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 318:
Narrated Aisha:
(mother of the faithful believers) I bought a
cushion with pictures on it. When Allah's Apostle
saw it, he kept standing at the door and did not
enter the house. I noticed the sign of disgust on

his face, so I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I repent to

Allah and H is Apostle . (Please let me know)
what sin I have done." Allah's Apostle said,

"What about this cushion?" I replied, "I bought it

for you to sit and recline on." Allah's Apostle

said, "The painters (i.e. owners) of these pictures

will be punished on the Day of Resurrection. It
will be said to them, 'Put life in what you have
created (i.e. painted).' " The Prophet added,
"The angels do not enter a house where there are
pictures."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 319:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet said, "O Bani Najjar! Suggest a

price for your garden." Part of it was a ruin and it

contained some date palms.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 320:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "The buyer and the seller have
the option to cancel or confirm the bargain
before they separate from each other or if the
sale is optional." Nafi said, "Ibn 'Umar used to
separate quickly from the seller if he had bought
a thing which he liked."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 321:
Narrated Haklm bin Hizam"
The Prophet said, "The buyer and the seller have
the option of cancelling or confirming the deal
unless they separate."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 322:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "The seller and the buyer
have the option of cancelling or confirming the
deal unless they separate, or one of them says to
the other, 'Choose (i.e. decide to cancel or
confirm the bargain now)." Perhaps he said, 'Or
if it is an optional sale.' " Ibn Umar, Shuraih,
Ash-Shabi, Tawus, Ata, and Ibn Abu Mulaika
agree upon this judgment.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 323:
Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:
The Prophet said, "The buyer and the seller have

the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain

unless they separate, and if they spoke the truth
and made clear the defects of the goods, them

they would be blessed in their bargain, and if they

told lies and hid some facts, their bargain would
be deprived of Allah's blessings."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 324:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar: Allah's Apostle
said, "Both the buyer and the seller have the
option of cancelling or confirming a bargain

unless they separate, or the sale is optional." (See

Hadith No.320).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 325:
Narrated Ibn Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Both
the buyer and the seller have the option of
cancelling or confirming the bargain, as long as

they are still together, and unless they separate or

one of them gives the other the option of keeping
or re
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 326:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "No deal is settled and

finalized unless the buyer and the seller separate,

except if the deal is optional (whereby the validity

of the bargain depends on the stipulations agreed
upon)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 327:
Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:
The Prophet said, "Both the buyer and the seller
have the option of cancelling or confirming the
bargain unless they separate." The sub-narrator,
Hammam said, "I found this in my book: 'Both

the buyer and the seller give the option of either

confirming or cancelling the bargain three times,
and if they speak the truth and mention the

defects, then their bargain will be blessed, and if

they tell lies and conceal the defects, they might

gain some financial gain but they will deprive their

sale of (Allah's) blessings."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 328:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
A person came to the Prophet and told him that
he was always betrayed in purchasing. The
Prophet told him to say at the time of buying,
"No cheating."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 329:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle said, "An army will invade the
Ka'ba and when the invaders reach Al-Baida', all
the ground will sink and swallow the whole
army." I said, "O Allah's Apostle! How will they
sink into the ground while amongst them will be
their markets (the people who worked in
business and not invaders) and the people not
belonging to them?" The Prophet replied, "all of

those people will sink but they will be resurrected

and judged according to their intentions."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 330:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The congregational prayer
of anyone amongst you is more than twenty (five
or twenty seven) times in reward than his prayer
in the market or in his house, for if he performs
ablution completely and then goes to the mosque
with the sole intention of performing the prayer,
and nothing urges him to proceed to the mosque
except the prayer, then, on every step which he
takes towards the mosque, he will be raised one
degree or one of his sins will be forgiven. The
angels will keep on asking Allah's forgiveness
and blessings for everyone of you so long as he

keeps sitting at his praying place. The angels will

say, 'O Allah, bless him! O Allah, be merciful to
him!' as long as he does not do Hadath or a thing
which gives trouble to the other." The Prophet
further said, "One is regarded in prayer so long
as one is waiting for the prayer."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 331:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
While the Prophet was in the market, somebody,
called, "O Abu-l-Qasim." The Prophet turned to
him. The man said, "I have called to this (i.e.
another man)." The Prophet said, "Name
yourselves by my name but not by my Kuniya

(name)." (In Arabic world it is the custom to call

the man as the father of his eldest son, e.g.
Abu-l-Qasim.)
(See Hadith No. 737, Vol. 4)
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 332:
Narrated Anas:
A man at Al-Baqi' called, "O Abu-l-Qasim!" The
Prophet turned to him and the man said (to the
Prophet ), "I did not intend to call you." The
prophet said, "Name yourselves by my name but
not by my kuniya (name)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 333:
Narrated Abu Huraira Ad-Dausi:
Once the Prophet went out during the day.
Neither did he talk to me nor I to him till he
reached the market of Bani Qainuqa and then he
sat in the compound of Fatima's house and asked
about the small boy (his grandson Al-Hasan) but
Fatima kept the boy in for a while. I thought she
was either changing his clothes or giving the boy
a bath. After a while the boy came out running
and the Prophet embraced and kissed him and
then said, 'O Allah! Love him, and love whoever
loves him.'
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 334:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn 'Umar told us that the people used to buy
food from the caravans in the lifetime of the
Prophet. The Prophet used to forbid them to sell
it at the very place where they had purchased it

(but they were to wait) till they carried it to the

market where foodstuff was sold. Ibn 'Umar
said, 'The Prophet also forbade the reselling of
foodstuff by somebody who had bought it unless
he had received it with exact full measure'
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 335:
Narrated Ata bin Yasar:
I met Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As and asked
him, "Tell me about the description of Allah's
Apostle which is mentioned in Torah (i.e. Old
Testament.") He replied, 'Yes. By Allah, he is
described in Torah with some of the qualities
attributed to him in the Quran as follows:
"O Prophet ! We have sent you as a witness (for

Allah's True religion) And a giver of glad tidings

(to the faithful believers), And a warner (to the
unbelievers) And guardian of the illiterates. You
are My slave and My messenger (i.e. Apostle). I
have named you "Al-Mutawakkil" (who depends
upon Allah). You are neither discourteous, harsh
Nor a noise-maker in the markets And you do
not do evil to those Who do evil to you, but you
deal With them with forgiveness and kindness.
Allah will not let him (the Prophet) Die till he
makes straight the crooked people by making
them say: "None has the right to be worshipped
but Allah," With which will be opened blind eyes
And deaf ears and enveloped hearts."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 336:
Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "He who buys foodstuff
should not sell it till he is satisfied with the
measure with which he has bought it.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 337:
Narrated Jabir:
Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Haram died and was in
debt to others. I asked the Prophet to intercede

with his creditors for some reduction in the debts.

The Prophet requested them (to reduce the
debts) but they refused. The Prophet said to me,
"Go and put your dates (In heaps) according to
their different kinds. The Ajwa on one side, the
cluster of Ibn Zaid on another side, etc.. Then
call me." I did that and called the Prophet He
came and sat at the head or in the middle of the
heaps and ordered me. Measure (the dates) for

the people (creditors)." I measured for them till I

paid all the debts. My dates remained as it
nothing had been taken from them. In other

narrations, Jabir said; The Prophet said, "He (i.e.

'Abdullah) continued measuring for them till he
paid all the debts." The Prophet said (to

'Abdullah), "Cut (clusters) for him (i.e. one of the

creditors) and measure for him fully."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 338:
Narrated Al-Miqdam bin Ma'diyakrib:
The Prophet said, "Measure your foodstuff and
you will be blessed."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 339:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Zaid:
The Prophet said, "The Prophet Abraham made
Mecca a sanctuary, and asked for Allah's
blessing in it. I made Medina a sanctuary as
Abraham made Mecca a sanctuary and I asked
for Allah's Blessing in its measures the Mudd and
the Sa as Abraham did for Mecca.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 340:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle said, "O Allah bestow your
blessings on their measures, bless their Mudd
and Sa." The Prophet meant the people of
Medina.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 341:
Narrated Salim:
that his father said. "I saw those, who used to
buy foodstuff without measuring or weighing in

the life time of the Prophet being punished if they

sold it before carrying it to their own houses."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 342:
Narrated Tawus:
Ibn 'Abbas said, "Allah's Apostle forbade the
selling of foodstuff before its measuring and
transferring into one's possession." I asked Ibn
'Abbas, "How is that?" Ibn 'Abbas replied, "It
will be just like selling money for money, as the
foodstuff has not been handed over to the first
purchaser who is the present seller."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 343:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet said, "He who buys foodstuff should
not sell it till he has received it."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 344:
Narrated Az-Zuhri from Malik bin Aus:
that the latter said, "Who has change?" Talha
said, "I (will have change) when our store-keeper
comes from the forest."
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab: Allah's Apostle
said, "The bartering of gold for silver is Riba,
(usury), except if it is from hand to hand and
equal in amount, and wheat grain for wheat grain
is usury except if it is form hand to hand and
equal in amount, and dates for dates is usury
except if it is from hand to hand and equal in

amount, and barley for barley is usury except if it

is from hand to hand and equal in amount." (See
Riba-Fadl in the glossary).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 345:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet forbade the selling of foodstuff
before receiving it. I consider that all types of
sellings should be done similarly.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 346:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "The buyer of foodstuff should
not sell it before it has been measured for him."
Isma'il narrated instead, "He should not sell it
before receiving it."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 347:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
I saw the people buy foodstuff randomly (i.e.
blindly without measuring it) in the life-time of
Allah's Apostle and they were punished (by

beating), if they tried to sell it before carrying it to

their own houses.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 348:
Narrated Aisha:
Rarely did the Prophet fail to visit Abu Bakr's
house everyday, either in the morning or in the
evening. When the permission for migration to
Medina was granted, all of a sudden the Prophet
came to us at noon and Abu Bakr was informed,
who said, "Certainly the Prophet has come for
some urgent matter." The Prophet said to Abu
Bark, when the latter entered "Let nobody stay in
your home." Abu Bakr said, "O Allah's Apostle!
There are only my two daughters (namely 'Aisha
and Asma') present." The Prophet said, "I feel
(am informed) that I have been granted the
permission for migration." Abu Bakr said, "I will
accompany you, O Allah's Apostle!" The
Prophet said, "You will accompany me." Abu
Bakr then said "O Allah's Apostle! I have two
she-camels I have prepared specially for
migration, so I offer you one of them. The

Prophet said, "I have accepted it on the condition

that I will pay its price."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 349:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "Do not urge somebody to

return what he has already bought (i.e. in optional

sale) from another seller so as to sell him your
own goods."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 350:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle forbade the selling of things by a

town dweller on behalf of a desert dweller; and
similarly Najsh was forbidden. And one should
not urge somebody to return the goods to the

seller so as to sell him his own goods; nor should

one demand the hand of a girl who has already
been engaged to someone else; and a woman
should not try to cause some other woman to be
divorced in order to take her place.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 351:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
A man decided that a slave of his would be
manumitted after his death and later on he was in
need of money, so the Prophet took the slave
and said, "Who will buy this slave from me?"
Nu'aim bin 'Abdullah bought him for such and
such price and the Prophet gave him the slave.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 352:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade Najsh.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 353:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade the sale called
'Habal-al-Habala which was a kind of sale
practiced in the Pre-lslamic Period of ignorance.
One would pay the price of a she-camel which
was not born yet would be born by the
immediate offspring of an extant she-camel.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 354:
Narrated Abu Said:
Allah's Apostle forbade the selling by
Munabadha, i.e. to sell one's garment by casting

it to the buyer not allowing him to examine or see

it. Similarly he forbade the selling by Mulamasa.
Mulamasa is to buy a garment, for example, by
merely touching it, not looking at it.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 355:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet forbade two kinds of dressing; (one
of them) is to sit with one's legs drawn up while

wrapped in one garment. (The other) is to lift that

garment on one's shoulders. And also forbade
two kinds of sale: Al-Limas and An-Nibadh.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 356:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
Allah's Apostle forbade selling by Mulamasa and
Munabadha.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 357:
Narrated Abu Said:
The Prophet forbade two kinds of dresses and
two kinds of sale, i.e., Mulamasa and
Munabadha.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 358:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Don't keep camels and sheep
unmilked for a long time, for whoever buys such

an animal has the option to milk it and then either

to keep it or return it to the owner along with one

Sa of dates." Some narrated from Ibn Sirin (that
the Prophet had said), "One Sa of wheat, and he
has the option for three days." And some

narrated from Ibn Sirin, " ... a Sa of dates," not

mentioning the option for three days. But a Sa of
dates is mentioned in most narrations.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 359:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud:
Whoever buys a sheep which has not been

milked for a long time, has the option of returning

it along with one Sa of dates; and the Prophet
forbade going to meet the seller on the way (as
he has no knowledge of the market price and he
may sell his goods at a low price).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 360:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Do not go forward to meet
the caravan (to buy from it on the way before it
reaches the town). And do not urge buyers to
cancel their purchases to sell them (your own
goods) yourselves, and do not practice Najsh. A
town dweller should not sell the goods for the
desert dweller. Do not leave sheep unmilked for
a long time, when they are on sale, and whoever

buys such an animal has the option of returning it,

after milking it, along with a Sa of dates or
keeping it. it has been kept unmilked for a long
period by the seller (to deceive others).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 361:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever buys a sheep
which has been kept unmilked for a long period,

and milks it, can keep it if he is satisfied, and if he

is not satisfied, he can return it, but he should pay

one Sa of dates for the milk."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 362:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, "If a slave-girl commits illegal

sexual intercourse and it is proved beyond doubt,
then her owner should lash her and should not
blame her after the legal punishment. And then if
she repeats the illegal sexual intercourse he
should lash her again and should not blame her

after the legal punishment, and if she commits it a

third time, then he should sell her even for a hair

rope."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 363:
Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid:

Allah's Apostle was asked about the slave-girl, if

she was a virgin and committed illegal sexual
intercourse. The Prophet said, "If she committed

illegal sexual intercourse, lash her, and if she did

it a second time, then lash her again, and if she
repeated the third time, then sell her even for a
hair rope." Ibn Shihab said, "I don't know
whether to sell her after the third or fourth
offense."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 364:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle came to me and I told him about

the slave-girl (Buraira) Allah's Apostle said, "Buy

and manumit her, for the Wala is for the one who
manumits." In the evening the Prophet got up and
glorified Allah as He deserved and then said,
"Why do some people impose conditions which
are not present in Allah's Book (Laws)?
Whoever imposes such a condition as is not in

Allah's Laws, then that condition is invalid even if

he imposes one hundred conditions, for Allah's
conditions are more binding and reliable."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 365:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
Aisha wanted to buy Buraira and he (the Prophet
) went out for the prayer. When he returned, she

told him that they (her masters) refused to sell her

except on the condition that her Wala' would go
to them. The Prophet replied, 'The Wala' would
go to him who manumits.' " Hammam asked
Nafi' whether her (Buraira's) husband was a free
man or a slave. He replied that he did not know.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 366:
Narrated Jarir:
I have given a pledge of allegiance to Allah's
Apostle for to testify that None has the right to
be worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad is His

Apostle, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay Zakat,

to listen to and obey (Allah's and His Prophet's
orders), and to give good advice to every
Muslim.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 367:
Narrated Tawus:
Ibn 'Abbas said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'Do not
go to meet the caravans on the way (for buying
their goods without letting them know the market
price); a town dweller should not sell the goods
of a desert dweller on behalf of the latter.' I
asked Ibn 'Abbas, 'What does he mean by not
selling the goods of a desert dweller by a town
dweller?' He said, 'He should not become his
broker.' "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 368:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade the selling of the goods
of a desert dweller by a town person.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 369:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "A buyer should not urge a
seller to restore a purchase so as to buy it
himself, and do not practice Najsh; and a town
dweller should not sell goods of a desert
dweller."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 370:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
We were forbidden that a town dweller should
sell goods of a desert dweller.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 371:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet forbade the meeting (of caravans)
on the way and the selling of goods by an
inhabitant of the town on behalf of a desert
dweller.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 372:
Narrated Tawus:
I asked Ibn 'Abbas, "What is the meaning of,
'No town dweller should sell (or buy) for a
desert dweller'?" Ibn 'Abbas said, "It means he
should not become his broker."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 373:
Narrated Abdullah:
Whoever buys an animal which has been kept

unmilked for a long time, could return it, but has

to pay a Sa of dates along with it. And the
Prophet forbade meeting the owners of goods on
the way away from the market.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 374:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "You should not try to
cancel the purchases of one another (to get a
benefit thereof), and do not go ahead to meet the
caravan (for buying the goods) (but wait) till it
reaches the market."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 375:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
We used to go ahead to meet the caravan and
used to buy foodstuff from them. The Prophet
forbade us to sell it till it was carried to the
market.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 376:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
Some people used to buy foodstuff at the head
of the market and used to sell it on the spot.
Allah's Apostle forbade them to sell it till they
brought it to (their) places.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 377:
Narrated 'Urwa:
Aisha said, "Buraira came to me and said, 'I have
agreed with my masters to pay them nine Uqiyas
(of gold) (in installments) one Uqiya per year;
please help me.' I said, 'I am ready to pay the
whole amount now provided your masters agree
that your Wala will be for me.' So, Buraira went
to her masters and told them about that offer but
they refused to accept it. She returned, and at
that time, Allah's Apostle was sitting (present).

Buraira said, 'I told them of the offer but they did

not accept it and insisted on having the Wala.'.'
The Prophet heard that." 'Aisha narrated the
whole story to the Prophet . He said to her, "Buy
her and stipulate that her Wala' would be yours
as the Wala' is for the manumitted." 'Aisha did
so. Then Allah's Apostle stood up in front of the
people, and after glorifying Allah he said, "Amma
Badu (i.e. then after)! What about the people
who impose conditions which are not in Allah's
Book (Laws)? Any condition that is not in Allah's
Book (Laws) is invalid even if they were one
hundred conditions, for Allah's decisions are the
right ones and His conditions are the strong ones
(firmer) and the Wala' will be for the
manumitted."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 378:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:

Aisha, (mother of the faithful believers) wanted to

buy a slave girl and manumit her, but her masters

said that they would sell her only on the condition

that her Wala' would be for them. 'Aisha told
Allah's Apostle of that. He said, "What they
stipulate should not hinder you from buying her,
as the Wala' is for the manumitted."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 379:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "The selling of wheat for wheat

is Riba (usury) except if it is handed from hand to

hand and equal in amount. Similarly the selling of

barley for barley, is Riba except if it is from hand

to hand and equal in amount, and dates for dates
is usury except if it is from hand to hand and
equal in amount. (See Riba-Fadl in the glossary).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 380:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade Muzabana; and
Muzabana is the selling of fresh dates for dried
old dates by measure, and the selling of fresh
grapes for dried grapes by measure.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 381:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet forbade Muzabana; and Muzabana

is the selling of fresh fruit (without measuring it)

for something by measure on the basis that if that

thing turns to be more than the fruit, the increase

would be for the seller of the fruit, and if it turns

to be less, that would be of his lot.
Narrated Ibn 'Umar from Zaid bin Thabit that the
Prophet allowed the selling of the fruits on the
trees after estimation (when they are ripe).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 382:
Narrated Ibn Shihab:
that Malik bin Aus said, "I was in need of change
for one-hundred Dinars. Talha bin 'Ubaid-Ullah
called me and we discussed the matter, and he
agreed to change (my Dinars). He took the gold
pieces in his hands and fidgeted with them, and
then said, "Wait till my storekeeper comes from

the forest." 'Umar was listening to that and said,

"By Allah! You should not separate from Talha
till you get the money from him, for Allah's

Apostle said, 'The selling of gold for gold is Riba

(usury) except if the exchange is from hand to
hand and equal in amount, and similarly, the

selling of wheat for wheat is Riba (usury) unless it

is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and

the selling of barley for barley is usury unless it is

from hand to hand and equal in amount, and

dates for dates, is usury unless it is from hand to

hand and equal in amount"
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 383:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
Allah's Apostle said, "Don't sell gold for gold

unless equal in weight, nor silver for silver unless

equal in weight, but you could sell gold for silver

or silver for gold as you like."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 384:
Narrated Abu Said:
(Concerning exchange) that he heard Allah's
Apostle saying, "Do not sell gold for gold unless

equal in weight, and do not sell silver unless equal

in weight."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 385:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle said, "Do not sell gold for gold
unless equivalent in weight, and do not sell less
amount for greater amount or vice versa; and do
not sell silver for silver unless equivalent in
weight, and do not sell less amount for greater
amount or vice versa and do not sell gold or
silver that is not present at the moment of
exchange for gold or silver that is present.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 386:
Narrated Abu Salih Az-Zaiyat:
I heard Abu Said Al-Khudri saying, "The selling
of a Dinar for a Dinar, and a Dirham for a
Dirham (is permissible)." I said to him, "Ibn
'Abbas does not say the same." Abu Said
replied, "I asked Ibn 'Abbas whether he had

heard it from the Prophet s or seen it in the Holy

Book. Ibn 'Abbas replied, "I do not claim that,
and you know Allah's Apostle better than I, but
Usama informed me that the Prophet had said,
'There is no Riba (in money exchange) except
when it is not done from hand to hand (i.e. when
there is delay in payment).' "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 387:
Narrated Abu Al-Minhal:
I asked Al-Bara' bin 'Azib and Zaid bin Arqam
about money exchanges. Each of them said,
"This is better than I," and both of them said,

"Allah's Apostle forbade the selling of silver for

gold on credit. "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 388:
Narrated Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakra:
that his father said, "The Prophet forbade the

selling of gold for gold and silver for silver except

if they are equivalent in weight, and allowed us to

sell gold for silver and vice versa as we wished."

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 389:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:

Allah's Apostle said, "Do not sell fruits of dates

until they become free from all the dangers of
being spoilt or blighted; and do not sell fresh
dates for dry dates."
Narrated Salim and 'Abdullah from Zaid bin
Habit' "Later on Allah's Apostle permitted the

selling of ripe fruits on trees for fresh dates or

dried dates in Bai'-l-'Araya, and did not allow it

for any other kind of sale."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 390:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade Muzabana; and
Muzabana means the selling of fresh dates (on
the trees) for dried dates by measure and also
the selling of fresh grapes for dried grapes by
measure.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 391:
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle forbade Muzabana and
Muhaqala; and Muzabana means the selling of
ripe dates for dates still on the trees.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 392:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet forbade Muzabana and Muhaqala.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 393:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
Allah's Apostle al lowed the owner of 'Araya to

sell the fruits on the trees by means of estimation.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 394:
Narrated Jabir:
The Prophet forbade the selling of fruits unless
they get ripe, and none of them should be sold
except for Dinar or Dirham (i.e. money), except
the 'Araya trees (the dates of which could be
sold for dates).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 395:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet allowed the sale of the dates of
'Araya provided they were about five Awsuq
(singular: Wasaq which means sixty Sa's) or less
(in amount).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 396:
Narrated Sahl bin Abu Hathma:

Allah's Apostle forbade the selling of fruits (fresh

dates) for dried dates but allowed the sale of
fruits on the 'Araya by estimation and their new
owners might eat their dates fresh. Sufyan (in
another narration) said, "I told Yahya (a
sub-narrator) when I was a mere boy, 'Meccans
say that the Prophet allowed them the sale of the
fruits on 'Araya by estimation.' Yahya asked,
'How do the Meccans know about it?' I replied,
'They narrated it (from the Prophet ) through

Jabir.' On that, Yahya kept quiet." Sufyan said, "I

meant that Jabir belonged to Medina." Sufyan
was asked whether in Jabir's narration there was

any prohibition of selling fruits before their benefit

is evident (i.e. no dangers of being spoilt or
blighted). He replied that there was none.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 397:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar from Zaid bin Thabit:
Allah's Apostle allowed the sale of 'Araya by
estimating the dates on them for measured
amounts of dried dates. Musa bin 'Uqba said,
"Al- 'Araya were distinguished date palms; one
could come and buy them (i.e. their fruits)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 398:
Narrated Zaid:
Same as above (Hadith 397).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 399:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:

Allah's Apostle forbade the sale of fruits till their

benefit is evident. He forbade both the seller and

the buyer (such sale).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 400:
Narrated Anas:

Allah's Apostle forbade the sale of date fruits till

they were ripe. Abu 'Abdullah (Al-Bukhari) said,
"That means till they were red (can be eaten)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 401:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:

The Prophet forbade the s of (date) fruits till they

were red or yellow and fit for eating.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 402:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet forbade the sale of fruits till their

benefit is evident; and the sale of date palms till

the dates are almost ripe. He was asked what
'are almost ripe' meant. He replied, "Got red and
yellow."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 403:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah's Apostle forbade the sale of fruits till they

are almost ripe. He was asked what is meant by
'are almost ripe.' He replied, "Till they become
red." Allah's Apostle further said, "If Allah
spoiled the fruits, what right would one have to
take the money of one's brother (i.e. other
people)?"
Narrated Ibn Shihab: If somebody bought fruits

before their benefit is evident and then the fruits

were spoiled with blights, the loss would be
suffered by the owner (not the buyer).
Narrated Salim bin 'Abdullah from Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "Do not sell or buy fruits
before their benefit was evident and do not sell
fresh fruits (dates) for dried dates."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 404:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet bought some foodstuff from a Jew
on credit and mortgaged his armor to him.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 405:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle appointed somebody as a
governor of Khaibar. That governor brought to
him an excellent kind of dates (from Khaibar).
The Prophet asked, "Are all the dates of Khaibar
like this?" He replied, "By Allah, no, O Allah's
Apostle! But we barter one Sa of this (type of
dates) for two Sas of dates of ours and two Sas

of it for three of ours." Allah's Apostle said, "Do

not do so (as that is a kind of usury) but sell the

mixed dates (of inferior quality) for money, and
then buy good dates with that money."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 406:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "If somebody sells
pollinated date palms, the fruits will be for the

seller unless the buyer stipulates that they will be

for himself (and the seller agrees)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 407:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade Al-Muzabana, i.e. to sell
ungathered dates of one's garden for measured
dried dates or fresh ungathered grapes for
measured dried grapes; or standing crops for
measured quantity of foodstuff. He forbade all
such bargains.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 408:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "Whoever pollinates date

palms and then sells them, the fruits will belong to

him unless the buyer stipulates that the fruits
should belong to him (and the seller agrees)."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 409:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle forbade Muhaqala, Mukhadara,
Mulamasa, Munabadha and Muzabana. (See
glossary and previous Hadiths for the meanings
of these terms.)
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 410:
Narrated Humaid:
Anas said, "The Prophet forbade the selling of
dates till they were almost ripe." We asked Anas,
"What does 'almost ripe' mean?" He replied,
"They get red and yellow. The Prophet added, 'If
Allah destroyed the fruits present on the trees,
what right would the seller have to take the
money of his brother (somebody else)?' "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 411:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
I was with the Prophet while he was eating
spadix. He said, "From the trees there is a tree
which resembles a faithful believer." I wanted to
say that it was the date palm, but I was the
youngest among them (so I kept quiet). He
added, "It is the date palm." Shuraih told the
weavers, "You are permitted to follow your own

conventions to solve your problems (it is legal for

you to stick to your traditions in bargain) . "
Narrated 'Abdul Wahab: Aiyub said:
Muhammad said, "There is no harm in selling for
eleven what you buy for ten, and you are allowed
to take a profit for expenses . "
The Prophet told Hind, "Take what is reasonable

and sufficient for you and your sons." Allah says:

Whoever is poor, can eat (from the orphan's
property) reasonably (according to his labors).
Al-Hasan hired a donkey from 'Abdullah bin
Mirdas and asked him about the hire. The latter
replied that it was for two Daniqs (a Daniq
equals 116th Dirham). So Al-Hasan rode away.
Another time, Al-Hasan came to 'Abdullah bin
Mirdas and asked him to hire the donkey to him
and rode away without asking him about the hire,
but he sent him half a Dirham.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 412:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Abu Taiba cupped Allah's Apostle and so Allah's
Apostle ordered that a Sa of dates be paid to
him and ordered his masters (for he was a slave)
to reduce his tax.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 413:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Hind, the mother of Mu'awiya said to Allah's
Apostle, "Abu Sufyan (her husband) is a miser.
Am I allowed to take from his money secretly?"
The Prophet said to her, "You and your sons

may take what is sufficient reasonably and fairly."

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 414:
Narrated Hisham bin 'Urwa from his father:
who heard Aisha saying, "The Holy Verse;
'Whoever amongst the guardians is rich, he
should take no wages (from the property of the
orphans) but If he is poor, let him have for
himself what is just and reasonable (according to
his labors)' (4.6) was revealed concerning the
guardian of the orphans who looks after them
and manages favorably their financial affairs; If
the guardian Is poor, he could have from It what

Is just and reasonable, (according to his labors)."

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 415:
Narrated Jabir:
Allah's Apostle gave pre-emption (to the partner)
in every joint property, but if the boundaries of
the property were demarcated or the ways and
streets were fixed, then there was no
pre-emption.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 416:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle decided the validity of
pre-emption in every joint undivided property,
but if the boundaries were well marked or the
ways and streets were fixed, then there was no
pre-emption.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 417:
Narrated Mussaddad from 'Abdul Wahid:
the same as above but said, "... in every joint
undivided thing..." Narrated Hisham from
Ma'mar the same as above but said, " ... in every
property... "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 418:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "While three persons were

walking, rain began to fall and they had to enter a

cave in a mountain. A big rock rolled over and
blocked the mouth of the cave. They said to each
other, 'Invoke Allah with the best deed you have
performed (so Allah might remove the rock)'.
One of them said, 'O Allah! My parents were old
and I used to go out for grazing (my animals). On
my return I would milk (the animals) and take the

milk in a vessel to my parents to drink. After they

had drunk from it, I would give it to my children,

family and wife. One day I was delayed and on
my return I found my parents sleeping, and I
disliked to wake them up. The children were
crying at my feet (because of hunger). That state

of affairs continued till it was dawn. O Allah! If

You regard that I did it for Your sake, then
please remove this rock so that we may see the
sky.' So, the rock was moved a bit. The second
said, 'O Allah! You know that I was in love with
a cousin of mine, like the deepest love a man
may have for a woman, and she told me that I

would not get my desire fulfilled unless I paid her

one-hundred Dinars (gold pieces). So, I

struggled for it till I gathered the desired amount,

and when I sat in between her legs, she told me
to be afraid of Allah, and asked me not to
deflower her except rightfully (by marriage). So,

I got up and left her. O Allah! If You regard that

I did if for Your sake, kindly remove this rock.'
So, two-thirds of the rock was removed. Then
the third man said, 'O Allah! No doubt You
know that once I employed a worker for one
Faraq (three Sa's) of millet, and when I wanted
to pay him, he refused to take it, so I sowed it
and from its yield I bought cows and a shepherd.
After a time that man came and demanded his
money. I said to him: Go to those cows and the
shepherd and take them for they are for you. He
asked me whether I was joking with him. I told
him that I was not joking with him, and all that
belonged to him. O Allah! If You regard that I
did it sincerely for Your sake, then please
remove the rock.' So, the rock was removed
completely from the mouth of the cave."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 419:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr:
We were with the Prophet when a tall pagan with
long matted unkempt hair came driving his sheep.
The Prophet asked him, "Are those sheep for
sale or for gifts?" The pagan replied, "They are
for sale." The Prophet bought one sheep from
him.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 420:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The Prophet Abraham
emigrated with Sarah and entered a village where
there was a king or a tyrant. (The king) was told
that Abraham had entered (the village)
accompanied by a woman who was one of the
most charming women. So, the king sent for
Abraham and asked, 'O Abraham! Who is this
lady accompanying you?' Abraham replied, 'She
is my sister (i.e. in religion).' Then Abraham
returned to her and said, 'Do not contradict my
statement, for I have informed them that you are

my sister. By Allah, there are no true believers on

this land except you and 1.' Then Abraham sent

her to the king. When the king got to her, she got

up and performed ablution, prayed and said, 'O
Allah! If I have believed in You and Your
Apostle, and have saved my private parts from
everybody except my husband, then please do
not let this pagan overpower me.' On that the
king fell in a mood of agitation and started

moving his legs. Seeing the condition of the king,

Sarah said, 'O Allah! If he should die, the people

will say that I have killed him.' The king regained

his power, and proceeded towards her but she
got up again and performed ablution, prayed and
said, 'O Allah! If I have believed in You and
Your Apostle and have kept my private parts
safe from all except my husband, then please do
not let this pagan overpower me.' The king again

fell in a mood of agitation and started moving his

legs. On seeing that state of the king, Sarah said,

'O Allah! If he should die, the people will say that

I have killed him.' The king got either two or
three attacks, and after recovering from the last
attack he said, 'By Allah! You have sent a satan
to me. Take her to Abraham and give her Ajar.'
So she came back to Abraham and said, 'Allah
humiliated the pagan and gave us a slavegirl for
service."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 421:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Sad bin Abi Waqqas and 'Abu bin Zam'a
quarreled over a boy. Sad said, "O Allah's
Apostle! This boy is the son of my brother ('Utba
bin Abi Waqqas) who took a promise from me

that I would take him as he was his (illegal) son.

Look at him and see whom he resembles." 'Abu
bin Zam'a said, "O Allah's Apostle! This is my
brother and was born on my father's bed from

his slave-girl." Allah's Apostle cast a look at the

boy and found definite resemblance to 'Utba and
then said, "The boy is for you, O 'Abu bin Zam'a.
The child goes to the owner of the bed and the

adulterer gets nothing but the stones (despair, i.e.

to be stoned to death). Then the Prophet said,
"O Sauda bint Zama! Screen yourself from this
boy." So, Sauda never saw him again.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 422:
Narrated Sad that his father said:
Abdur-Rahman bin Auf said to Suhaib, 'Fear
Allah and do not ascribe yourself to somebody
other than your father.' Suhaib replied, 'I would
not like to say it even if I were given large
amounts of money, but I say I was kidnapped in
my childhood.' "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 423:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
Hakim bin Hizam said, "O Allah's Apostle! I
used to do good deeds in the Pre-lslamic period
of Ignorance, e.g., keeping good relations with
my Kith and kin, manumitting slaves and giving
alms. Shall I receive a reward for all that?"
Allah's Apostle replied, "You embraced Islam
with all the good deeds which you did in the
past."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 424:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
Once Allah's Apostle passed by a dead sheep
and said to the people, "Wouldn't you benefit by
its skin?" The people replied that it was dead.

The Prophet said, "But its eating only is illegal."

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 425:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hands
my soul is, son of Mary (Jesus) will shortly
descend amongst you people (Muslims) as a just

ruler and will break the Cross and kill the pig and

abolish the Jizya (a tax taken from the
non-Muslims, who are in the protection, of the
Muslim government). Then there will be
abundance of money and no-body will accept
charitable gifts.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 426:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Once 'Umar was informed that a certain man
sold alcohol. 'Umar said, "May Allah curse him!
Doesn't he know that Allah's Apostle said, 'May
Allah curse the Jews, for Allah had forbidden
them to eat the fat of animals but they melted it
and sold it."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 427:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah curse the Jews,
because Allah made fat illegal for them but they
sold it and ate its price. "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 428:
Narrated Said bin Abu Al-Hasan:
While I was with Ibn 'Abbas a man came and
said, "O father of 'Abbas! My sustenance is from
my manual profession and I make these
pictures." Ibn 'Abbas said, "I will tell you only
what I heard from Allah's Apostle . I heard him
saying, 'Whoever makes a picture will be

punished by Allah till he puts life in it, and he will

never be able to put life in it.' " Hearing this, that

man heaved a sigh and his face turned pale. Ibn

'Abbas said to him, "What a pity! If you insist on

making pictures I advise you to make pictures of
trees and any other unanimated objects."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 429:
Narrated 'Aisha:
When the last verses of Surat-al-Baqara were
revealed, the Prophet went out (of his house to
the Mosque) and said, "The trade of alcohol has
become illegal."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 430:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Allah says, 'I will be against
three persons on the Day of Resurrection:
1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but
he proves treacherous.
2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and
eats the price,
3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the
full work done by him but does not pay him his
wages.' "
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 431:
Narrated Anas:
Amongst the captives was Safiya. First she was
given to Dihya Al-Kalbi and then to the Prophet.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 432:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
that while he was sitting with Allah's Apostle he
said, "O Allah's Apostle! We get female captives
as our share of booty, and we are interested in
their prices, what is your opinion about coitus
interrupt us?" The Prophet said, "Do you really

do that? It is better for you not to do it. No soul

that which Allah has destined to exist, but will
surely come into existence.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 433:
Narrated Jabir:
The Prophet sold a Mudabbar (on behalf of his
master who was still living and in need of
money).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 434:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle sold a Mudabbar.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 435:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid and Abu Huraira:
that Allah's Apostle was asked about an
unmarried slave-girl who committed illegal sexual
intercourse. They heard him saying, "Flog her,

and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse after

that, flog her again, and on the third (or the
fourth) offense, sell her."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 436:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard the Prophet saying, "If a slave-girl of
yours commits illegal sexual intercourse and her

illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be

lashed, and after that nobody should blame her,
and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse the
second time, she should be lashed and nobody
should blame her after that, and if she does the
offense for the third time and her illegal sexual
intercourse is proved, she should be sold even
for a hair rope."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 437:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet came to Khaibar and when Allah
made him victorious and he conquered the town
by breaking the enemy's defense, the beauty of
Safiya bint Huyai bin Akhtab was mentioned to
him and her husband had been killed while she
was a bride. Allah's Apostle selected her for
himself and he set out in her company till he
reached Sadd-ar-Rawha' where her menses
were over and he married her. Then Hais (a kind
of meal) was prepared and served on a small
leather sheet (used for serving meals). Allah's
Apostle then said to me, "Inform those who are
around you (about the wedding banquet)." So
that was the marriage banquet given by Allah's

Apostle for (his marriage with) Safiya. After that

we proceeded to Medina and I saw that Allah's
Apostle was covering her with a cloak while she
was behind him. Then he would sit beside his
camel and let Safiya put her feet on his knees to
ride (the camel).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 438:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
I heard Allah's Apostle, in the year of the
Conquest of Mecca, saying, "Allah and His
Apostle made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead
animals, pigs and idols." The people asked, "O
Allah's Apostle! What about the fat of dead
animals, for it was used for greasing the boats
and the hides; and people use it for lights?" He

said, "No, it is illegal." Allah's Apostle further

said, "May Allah curse the Jews, for Allah made
the fat (of animals) illegal for them, yet they
melted the fat and sold it and ate its price."
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 439:
Narrated Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari:

Allah's Apostle forbade taking the price of a dog,

money earned by prostitution and the earnings of
a soothsayer.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 440:
Narrated Aun bin Abu Juhaifa:
I saw my father buying a slave whose profession
was cupping, and ordered that his instruments (of
cupping) be broken. I asked him the reason for
doing so. He replied, "Allah's Apostle prohibited
taking money for blood, the price of a dog, and
the earnings of a slave-girl by prostitution; he
cursed her who tattoos and her who gets
tattooed, the eater of Riba (usury), and the
maker of pictures."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 35:
Sales in which a Price is
paid for Goods to be
Delivered Later (As-Salam)
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 441:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Allah's Apostle came to Medina and the people
used to pay in advance the price of fruits to be
delivered within one or two years. (The
sub-narrator is in doubt whether it was one to
two years or two to three years.) The Prophet
said, "Whoever pays money in advance for dates
(to be delivered later) should pay it for known
specified weight and measure (of the dates)."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 442:
Narrated Ibn Abi Najih:
as above, mentioning only specific measure.
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 443:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet came to Medina and the people
used to pay in advance the price of dates to be
delivered within two or three years. He said (to
them), "Whoever pays in advance the price of a
thing to be delivered later should pay it for a
specified measure at specified weight for a
specified period."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 444:
Narrated Ibn Abi Najih:
as above, saying, "He should pay the price in
advance for a specified measure and for a
specified period."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 445:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet came (to Medina) and he told the
people (regarding the payment of money in
advance that they should pay it) for a known
specified measure and a known specified weight
and a known specified period.
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 446:
Narrated Shu'ba:
Muhammad or 'Abdullah bin Abu Al-Mujalid
said, "Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda
differed regarding As-Salam, so they sent me to
Ibn Abi Aufa and I asked him about it. He

replied, 'In the life-time of Allah's Apostle, Abu

Bakr and 'Umar, we used to pay in advance the
prices of wheat, barley, dried grapes and dates
to be delivered later. I also asked Ibn Abza and
he, too, replied as above.' "
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 447:
Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Majalid:
Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda sent me
to 'Abdullah bin Abi Aufa and told me to ask
'Abdullah whether the people in the life-time of
the Prophet used to pay in advance for wheat (to
be delivered later). Abdullah replied, "We used
to pay in advance to the peasants of Sham for
wheat, barley and olive oil of a known specified
measure to be delivered in a specified period." I
asked (him), "Was the price paid (in advance) to
those who had the things to be delivered later?"
Abdullah bin Aufa replied, "We did not use to
ask them about that." Then they sent me to
'Abdur Rahman bin Abza and I asked him. He
replied, "The companions of the Prophet used to
practice Salam in the life-time of the Prophet;
and we did not use to ask them whether they had
standing crops or not."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 448:
Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid:
as above (446) and said, "We used to pay them
in advance for wheat and barley (to be delivered
later). Narrated Ash-Shaibani--"And also for
oil."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 449:
Narrated Ash-Shaibani:
who said "We used to pay in advance for wheat
barley and dried grapes."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 450:
Narrated Abu Bakhtari At-Tai:
I asked Ibn 'Abbas about Salam for (the fruits
of) date-palms. He replied "The Prophet forbade

the sale a dates on the trees till they became fit

for eating and could be weighed." A man asked

what to be weighed (as the dates were still on the

trees). Another man sitting beside Ibn 'Abbas
replied, "Till they are cut and stored." Narrated
Abu Al-Bakhtari: I heard Ibn Abbas (saying) that
the Prophet forbade ... etc. as above.
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 451:
Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari:
I asked Ibn Umar about Salam (the fruits of)
date-palms. He replied, "The Prophet forbade

the sale of dates till their benefit becomes evident

and fit for eating and also the sale of silver (for

gold) on credit." I asked Ibn 'Abbas about Salam
for dates and he replied, "The Prophet forbade

the sale of dates till they were fit for eating and

could be estimated."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 452:
Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari:
I asked Ibn 'Umar about Salam for dates. Ibn
'Umar replied, "The Prophet forbade the sale
(the fruits) of datepalms until they were fit for

eating and also forbade the sale of silver for gold

on credit." I also asked Ibn 'Abbas about it. Ibn
'Abbas replied, "The Prophet forbade the sale of
dates till they were fit for eating, and could be
weighed." I asked him, "What is to be weighed

(as the dates are on the trees)?" A man sitting by

Ibn 'Abbas said, "It means till they are cut and
stored."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 453:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle bought some foodstuff (barley)
from a Jew on credit and mortgaged his iron
armor to him (the armor stands for a guarantor).
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 454:
Narrated Al-A'mash:
We argued at Ibrahim's dwelling place about
mortgaging in Salam. He said, "Aisha said, 'The
Prophet bought some foodstuff from a Jew on
credit and the payment was to be made by a
definite period, and he mortgaged his iron armor
to him."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 455:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet came to Medina and the people
used to pay in advance the prices of fruits to be
delivered within two to three years. The Prophet

said (to them), "Buy fruits by paying their prices

in advance on condition that the fruits are to be
delivered to you according to a fixed specified
measure within a fixed specified period." Ibn
Najih said, " ... by specified measure and
specified weight."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 456:
Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid:
Abu Burda and 'Abdullah bin Shaddad sent me
to 'Abdur Rahman bin Abza and 'Abdullah bin
Abi Aufa to ask them about the Salaf (Salam).
They said, "We used to get war booty while we
were with Allah's Apostle and when the peasants
of Sham came to us we used to pay them in
advance for wheat, barley, and oil to be
delivered within a fixed period." I asked them,
"Did the peasants own standing crops or not?"
They replied, "We never asked them about it."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 457:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The people used to sell camels on the basis of
Habal-al-Habala. The Prophet forbade such
sale. Nafi' explained Habalal-Habala by saying.
"The camel is to be delivered to the buyer after
the she-camel gives birth."
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 458:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:

Allah's Apostle gave a verdict regarding Shuf'a in

every undivided joint thing (property). But if the

limits are defined (or demarcated) or the ways
and streets are fixed, then there is no
pre-emption.
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 459:
Narrated 'Amr bin Ash-Sharid:
While I was standing with Sad bin Abi Waqqas,
Al-Miswar bin Makhrama came and put his hand
on my shoulder. Meanwhile Abu Rafi', the freed
slave of the Prophet came and asked Sad to buy
from him the (two) dwellings which were in his
house. Sad said, "By Allah I will not buy them."
Al-Miswar said, "By Allah, you shall buy them."
Sad replied, "By Allah, I will not pay more than
four thousand (Dirhams) by installments." Abu
Rafi' said, "I have been offered five hundred
Dinars (for it) and had I not heard the Prophet
saying, 'The neighbor has more right than anyone
else because of his nearness, I would not give
them to you for four-thousand (Dirhams) while I
am offered five-hundred Dinars (one Dinar
equals ten Dirhams) for them." So, he sold it to
Sad.
Volume 3, Book 35, Number 460:
Narrated Aisha:
I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have two neighbors
and would like to know to which of them I
should give presents." He replied, "To the one
whose door is nearer to you."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 36:
Hiring
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 461:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
The Prophet said, "The honest treasurer who

gives willingly what he is ordered to give, is one

of the two charitable persons, (the second being
the owner)."
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 462:
Narrated Abu Musa:
I went to the Prophet with two men from Ash-ari

tribe. I said (to the Prophet), "I do not know that

they want employment." The Prophet said, "No,
we do not appoint for our jobs anybody who
demands it earnestly."
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 463:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Allah did not send any
prophet but shepherded sheep." His companions
asked him, "Did you do the same?" The Prophet
replied, "Yes, I used to shepherd the sheep of
the people of Mecca for some Qirats."
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 464:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet and Abu Bakr employed a (pagan)
man from the tribe of Bani Ad-Dail and the tribe
of Bani 'Abu bin 'Adi as a guide. He was an
expert guide and he broke the oath contract

which he had to abide by with the tribe of Al-'Asi

bin Wail and he was on the religion of Quraish
pagans. The Prophet and Abu Bakr had
confidence in him and gave him their riding
camels and told him to bring them to the Cave of
Thaur after three days. So, he brought them their
two riding camels after three days and both of
them (The Prophet and Abu Bakr) set out
accompanied by 'Amir bin Fuhaira and the Dili
guide who guided them below Mecca along the
road leading to the sea-shore.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 465:
Narrated Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle and
Abu Bakr hired a man from the tribe of
Bani-Ad-Dil as an expert guide who was a
pagan (follower of the religion of the pagans of
Quraish). The Prophet and Abu Bakr gave him
their two riding camels and took a promise from

him to bring their riding camels in the morning of

the third day to the Cave of Thaur.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 466:
Narrated Ya'la bin Umaya:
I fought in Jaish-al-Usra (Ghazwa of Tabuk)
along with the Prophet and in my opinion that
was the best of my deeds. Then I had an
employee, who quarrel led with someone and

one of the them bit and cut the other's finger and

caused his own tooth to fall out. He then went to
the Prophet (with a complaint) but the Prophet
cancelled the suit and said to the complainant,
"Did you expect him to let his finger in your
mouth so that you might snap and cut it (as does
a stallion camel)?"
Narrated Ibn Juraij from Abdullah bin Abu
Mulaika from his grandfather a similar story: A
man bit the hand of another man and caused his
own tooth to fall out, but Abu Bakr judged that
he had no right for compensation (for the broken
tooth).
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 467:
Narrated Ubai bin Ka'b:
Allah's Apostle said, "Both of them (Moses and
Al-Khadir) proceeded on till they reached a wall
which was about to fall." Sa'd said, "(Al-Khadir
pointed) with his hands (towards the wall) and
then raised his hands and the wall became
straightened up." Ya'la said, "I think Said said,
'He (Khadir) passed his hand over it and it was

straightened up." (Moses said to him), "if you had

wanted, you could have taken wages for it." Said
said, "Wages with which to buy food . "
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 468:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "Your example and the
example of the people of the two Scriptures (i.e.
Jews and Christians) is like the example of a man
who employed some laborers and asked them,
'Who will work for me from morning till midday
for one Qirat?' The Jews accepted and carried
out the work. He then asked, Who will work for
me from midday up to the 'Asr prayer for one
Qirat?' The Christians accepted and fulfilled the
work. He then said, 'Who will work for me from

the 'Asr till sunset for two Qirats?' You, Muslims

have accepted the offer. The Jews and the
Christians got angry and said, 'Why should we
work more and get lesser wages?' (Allah) said,
'Have I with-held part of your right?' They
replied in the negative. He said, 'It is My
Blessing, I bestow upon whomever I wish .'
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 469:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
Allah's Apostle said, "Your example and the
example of Jews and Christians is like the
example of a man who employed some laborers
to whom he said, 'Who will work for me up to
midday for one Qirat each?' The Jews carried
out the work for one Qirat each; and then the
Christians carried out the work up to the 'Asr
prayer for one Qirat each; and now you Muslims
are working from the 'Asr prayer up to sunset for
two Qirats each. The Jews and Christians got
angry and said, 'We work more and are paid
less.' The employer (Allah) asked them, 'Have I
usurped some of your right?' They replied in the
negative. He said, 'That is My Blessing, I bestow
upon whomever I wish.' "
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 470:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Allah said, 'I will be an
opponent to three types of people on the Day of
Resurrection:
1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but
proves treacherous;

2. One who sells a free person and eats his price;

and
3. One who employs a laborer and takes full
work from him but does not pay him for his lab
our.' "
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 471:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "The example of Muslims,
Jews and Christians is like the example of a man
who employed laborers to work for him from
morning till night for specific wages. They
worked till midday and then said, 'We do not
need your money which you have fixed for us
and let whatever we have done be annulled.' The
man said to them, 'Don't quit the work, but

complete the rest of it and take your full wages.'

But they refused and went away. The man
employed another batch after them and said to
them, 'Complete the rest of the day and yours

will be the wages I had fixed for the first batch.'

So, they worked till the time of 'Asr prayer. Then

they said, "Let what we have done be annulled
and keep the wages you have promised us for
yourself.' The man said to them, 'Complete the
rest of the work, as only a little of the day
remains,' but they refused. Thereafter he
employed another batch to work for the rest of
the day and they worked for the rest of the day

till the sunset, and they received the wages of the

two former batches. So, that was the example of
those people (Muslims) and the example of this
light (guidance) which they have accepted
willingly.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 472:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Three men from
among those who were before you, set out
together till they reached a cave at night and
entered it. A big rock rolled down the mountain
and closed the mouth of the cave. They said (to
each other), Nothing could save you Tom this
rock but to invoke Allah by giving referenda to
the righteous deed which you have done (for
Allah's sake only).' So, one of them said, 'O
Allah! I had old parents and I never provided my

family (wife, children etc.) with milk before them.

One day, by chance I was delayed, and I came

late (at night) while they had slept. I milked the

sheep for them and took the milk to them, but I
found them sleeping. I disliked to provide my
family with the milk before them. I waited for
them and the bowl of milk was in my hand and I
kept on waiting for them to get up till the day
dawned. Then they got up and drank the milk. O
Allah! If I did that for Your Sake only, please
relieve us from our critical situation caused by

this rock.' So, the rock shifted a little but they

could not get out."
The Prophet added, "The second man said, 'O
Allah! I had a cousin who was the dearest of all
people to me and I wanted to have sexual
relations with her but she refused. Later she had
a hard time in a famine year and she came to me
and I gave her one-hundred-and-twenty Dinars
on the condition that she would not resist my
desire, and she agreed. When I was about to

fulfill my desire, she said: It is illegal for you to

outrage my chastity except by legitimate
marriage. So, I thought it a sin to have sexual
intercourse with her and left her though she was

the dearest of all the people to me, and also I left

the gold I had given her. O Allah! If I did that for

Your Sake only, please relieve us from the
present calamity.' So, the rock shifted a little

more but still they could not get out from there."

The Prophet added, "Then the third man said, 'O
Allah! I employed few laborers and I paid them
their wages with the exception of one man who
did not take his wages and went away. I invested
his wages and I got much property thereby.
(Then after some time) he came and said to me:
O Allah's slave! Pay me my wages. I said to him:
All the camels, cows, sheep and slaves you see,
are yours. He said: O Allah's slave! Don't mock
at me. I said: I am not mocking at you. So, he
took all the herd and drove them away and left
nothing. O Allah! If I did that for Your Sake

only, please relieve us from the present suffering.'

So, that rock shifted completely and they got out
walking.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 473:
Narrated Abu May' id Al-Ansari:
Whenever Allah's Apostle ordered us to give in
charity we would go to the market and work as
porters to earn a Mudd (two hand-fulls) (of
foodstuff) but now some of us have one-hundred
thousand Dirhams or Diners. (The sub-narrator)
Shaqiq said, "I think Abu Mas'ud meant himself
by saying (some of us) .
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 474:
Narrated Tawus:
Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet forbade the
meeting of caravans (on the way) and ordained
that no townsman is permitted to sell things on
behalf of a bedouin." I asked Ibn 'Abbas, "What
is the meaning of his saying, 'No townsman is

permitted to sell things on behalf of a bedouin.' "

He replied, "He should not work as a broker for
him."
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 475:
Narrated Khabbab:
I was a blacksmith and did some work for
Al-'As bin Wail. When he owed me some money
for my work, I went to him to ask for that
amount. He said, "I will not pay you unless you
disbelieve in Muhammad." I said, "By Allah! I

will never do that till you die and be resurrected."

He said, "Will I be dead and then resurrected
after my death?" I said, "Yes." He said, "There I
will have property and offspring and then I will
pay you your due." Then Allah revealed. 'Have
you seen him who disbelieved in Our signs, and

yet says: I will be given property and offspring?'

(19.77)
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 476:
Narrated Abu Said:
Some of the companions of the Prophet went on
a journey till they reached some of the 'Arab
tribes (at night). They asked the latter to treat

them as their guests but they refused. The chief of

that tribe was then bitten by a snake (or stung by

a scorpion) and they tried their best to cure him
but in vain. Some of them said (to the others),
"Nothing has benefited him, will you go to the
people who resided here at night, it may be that
some of them might possess something (as
treatment)," They went to the group of the
companions (of the Prophet ) and said, "Our
chief has been bitten by a snake (or stung by a
scorpion) and we have tried everything but he
has not benefitted. Have you got anything
(useful)?" One of them replied, "Yes, by Allah! I
can recite a Ruqya, but as you have refused to
accept us as your guests, I will not recite the
Ruqya for you unless you fix for us some wages

for it." They agrees to pay them a flock of sheep.

One of them then went and recited

(Suratul-Fatiha): 'All the praises are for the Lord

of the Worlds' and puffed over the chief who
became all right as if he was released from a
chain, and got up and started walking, showing
no signs of sickness.
They paid them what they agreed to pay. Some
of them (i.e. the companions) then suggested to
divide their earnings among themselves, but the
one who performed the recitation said, "Do not
divide them till we go to the Prophet and narrate
the whole story to him, and wait for his order."
So, they went to Allah's Apostle and narrated the
story. Allah's Apostle asked, "How did you
come to know that Surat-ul-Fatiha was recited
as Ruqya?" Then he added, "You have done the
right thing. Divide (what you have earned) and
assign a share for me as well." The Prophet
smiled thereupon.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 477:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
When Abu Taiba cupped the Prophet and the
Prophet ordered that he be paid one or two Sas

of foodstuff and he interceded with his masters to

reduce his taxes.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 478:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
When the Prophet was cupped, he paid the man
who cupped him his wages.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 479:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
When the Prophet was cupped, he paid the man
who cupped him his wages. If it had been
undesirable he would not have paid him.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 480:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet used to get cupped and would
never withhold the wages of any person .
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 481:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet sent for a slave who had the
profession of cupping, and he cupped him. The
Prophet ordered that he be paid one or two Sas,
or one or two Mudds of foodstuff, and appealed
to his masters to reduce his taxes:
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 482:
Narrated Abu Masud Al-Ansari:
Allah's Apostle regarded illegal the price of a

dog, the earnings of a prostitute, and the charges

taken by a soothsayer.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 483:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet prohibited

the earnings of slave girls (through prostitution).

Volume 3, Book 36, Number 484:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet forbade taking a price for animal
copulation.
Volume 3, Book 36, Number 485:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
"Allah's Apostle gave the land of Khaibar to the

Jews to work on and cultivate and take half of its

yield. Ibn 'Umar added, "The land used to be

rented for a certain portion (of its yield)." Nafi

mentioned the amount of the portion but I forgot
it. Rafi' bin Khadij said, "The Prophet forbade
renting farms." Narrated 'Ubaid-Ullah Nafi' said:
Ibn 'Umar said: (The contract of Khaibar
continued) till 'Umar evacuated the Jews (from
Khaibar).
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 37:
Transferance of a Debt from
One Person to Another
(Al-Hawaala)
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 486:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Procrastination (delay) in

paying debts by a wealthy man is injustice. So, if

your debt is transferred from your debtor to a
rich debtor, you should agree."
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 487:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Procrastination (delay) in

paying debts by a wealthy person is injustice. So,

if your debt is transferred from your debtor to a
rich debtor, you should agree."
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 488r:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:
Once, while we were sitting in the company of
Prophet, a dead man was brought. The Prophet
was requested to lead the funeral prayer for the
deceased. He said, "Is he in debt?" The people

replied in the negative. He said, "Has he left any

wealth?" They said, "No." So, he led his funeral
prayer. Another dead man was brought and the
people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Lead his funeral
prayer." The Prophet said, "Is he in debt?" They
said, "Yes." He said, "Has he left any wealth?"

They said, ''Three Dinars." So, he led the prayer.

Then a third dead man was brought and the
people said (to the Prophet ), Please lead his
funeral prayer." He said, "Has he left any
wealth?" They said, "No." He asked, "Is he in
debt?" They said, ("Yes! He has to pay) three
Diners.', He (refused to pray and) said, "Then
pray for your (dead) companion." Abu Qatada

said, "O Allah's Apostle! Lead his funeral prayer,

and I will pay his debt." So, he led the prayer.
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 488h:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "An Israeli man asked another
Israeli to lend him one thousand Dinars. The
second man required witnesses. The former
replied, 'Allah is sufficient as a witness.' The
second said, 'I want a surety.' The former
replied, 'Allah is sufficient as a surety.' The
second said, 'You are right,' and lent him the
money for a certain period. The debtor went
across the sea. When he finished his job, he
searched for a conveyance so that he might reach
in time for the repayment of the debt, but he
could not find any. So, he took a piece of wood

and made a hole in it, inserted in it one thousand

Dinars and a letter to the lender and then closed

(i.e. sealed) the hole tightly. He took the piece of

wood to the sea and said. 'O Allah! You know
well that I took a loan of one thousand Dinars
from so-and-so. He demanded a surety from me
but I told him that Allah's Guarantee was
sufficient and he accepted Your guarantee. He

then asked for a witness and I told him that Allah

was sufficient as a Witness, and he accepted
You as a Witness. No doubt, I tried hard to find
a conveyance so that I could pay his money but
could not find, so I hand over this money to
You.' Saying that, he threw the piece of wood

into the sea till it went out far into it, and then he

went away. Meanwhile he started searching for a
conveyance in order to reach the creditor's
country.
One day the lender came out of his house to see
whether a ship had arrived bringing his money,
and all of a sudden he saw the piece of wood in
which his money had been deposited. He took it
home to use for fire. When he sawed it, he found
his money and the letter inside it. Shortly after
that, the debtor came bringing one thousand
Dinars to him and said, 'By Allah, I had been

trying hard to get a boat so that I could bring you

your money, but failed to get one before the one
I have come by.' The lender asked, 'Have you
sent something to me?' The debtor replied, 'I
have told you I could not get a boat other than
the one I have come by.' The lender said, 'Allah
has delivered on your behalf the money you sent
in the piece of wood. So, you may keep your
one thousand Dinars and depart guided on the
right path.' "
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 489:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn Abbas said, "In the verse: To every one We
have appointed ' (Muwaliya Mawaliya means
one's) heirs (4.33).' (And regarding the verse)
'And those with whom your right hands have
made a pledge.' Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the
emigrants came to the Prophet in Medina, the
emigrant would inherit the Ansari while the

latter's relatives would not inherit him because of

the bond of brotherhood which the Prophet
established between them (i.e. the emigrants and
the Ansar). When the verse: 'And to everyone
We have appointed heirs' (4.33) was revealed, it
cancelled (the bond (the pledge) of brotherhood

regarding inheritance)." Then he said, "The verse:

To those also to whom your right hands have
pledged, remained valid regarding co-operation

and mutual advice, while the matter of inheritance

was excluded and it became permissible to
assign something in one's testament to the person
who had the right of inheriting before.
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 490:
Narrated Anas:
Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf came to us and Allah's
Apostle established a bond of brotherhood
between him and Sad bin Rabi'a.
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 491:
Narrated Asim:
I heard Anas bin Malik, "Have you ever heard
that the Prophet said, 'There is no alliance in
Islam?' " He replied, "The Prophet made alliance
between Quarish and the Ansar in my house."
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 492:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:
A dead person was brought to the Prophet so
that he might lead the funeral prayer for him. He
asked, "Is he in debt?" When the people replied

in the negative, he led the funeral prayer. Another

dead person was brought and he asked, "Is he in
debt?" They said, "Yes." He (refused to lead the
prayer and) said, "Lead the prayer of your
friend." Abu Qatada said, "O Allah's Apostle! I
undertake to pay his debt." Allah's Apostle then
led his funeral prayer.
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 493:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Once the Prophet said (to me), "If the money of
Bahrain comes, I will give you a certain amount
of it." The Prophet had breathed his last before
the money of Bahrain arrived. When the money
of Bahrain reached, Abu Bakr announced,
"Whoever was promised by the Prophet should
come to us." I went to Abu Bakr and said, "The
Prophet promised me so and so." Abu Bakr
gave me a handful of coins and when I counted
them, they were five-hundred in number. Abu
Bakr then said, "Take twice the amount you have
taken (besides)."
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 494:
Narrated Aisha:
(wife of the Prophet) Since I reached the age
when I could remember things, I have seen my
parents worshipping according to the right faith
of Islam. Not a single day passed but Allah's
Apostle visited us both in the morning and in the
evening. When the Muslims were persecuted,
Abu Bakr set out for Ethiopia as an emigrant.
When he reached a place called
Bark-al-Ghimad, he met Ibn Ad-Daghna, the
chief of the Qara tribe, who asked Abu Bakr,
"Where are you going?" Abu Bakr said, "My
people have turned me out of the country and I
would like to tour the world and worship my
Lord." Ibn Ad-Daghna said, "A man like you will
not go out, nor will he be turned out as you help

the poor earn their living, keep good relation with

your Kith and kin, help the disabled (or the
dependents), provide guests with food and
shelter, and help people during their troubles. I
am your protector. So, go back and worship
your Lord at your home." Ibn Ad-Daghna went
along with Abu Bakr and took him to the chiefs
of Quraish saying to them, "A man like Abu Bakr

will not go out, nor will he be turned out. Do you

turn out a man who helps the poor earn their
living, keeps good relations with Kith and kin,
helps the disabled, provides guests with food and
shelter, and helps the people during their
troubles?"
So, Quraish allowed Ibn Ad-Daghna's guarantee
of protection and told Abu- Bakr that he was
secure, and said to Ibn Ad-Daghna, "Advise
Abu Bakr to worship his Lord in his house and
to pray and read what he liked and not to hurt us
and not to do these things publicly, for we fear
that our sons and women may follow him." Ibn
Ad-Daghna told Abu Bakr of all that, so Abu-
Bakr continued worshipping his Lord in his house
and did not pray or recite Qur'an aloud except in
his house. Later on Abu Bakr had an idea of
building a mosque in the court yard of his house.
He fulfilled that idea and started praying and
reciting Qur'an there publicly. The women and
the offspring of the pagans started gathering
around him and looking at him astonishingly. Abu
Bakr was a softhearted person and could not

help weeping while reciting Qur'an. This horrified

the pagan chiefs of Quraish. They sent for Ibn
Ad-Daghna and when he came, they said, "We
have given Abu Bakr protection on condition that
he will worship his Lord in his house, but he has
transgressed that condition and has built a
mosque in the court yard of his house and
offered his prayer and recited Qur'an in public.
We are afraid lest he mislead our women and
offspring. So, go to him and tell him that if he
wishes he can worship his Lord in his house only,

and if not, then tell him to return your pledge of

protection as we do not like to betray you by
revoking your pledge, nor can we tolerate Abu
Bakr's public declaration of Islam (his
worshipping)."
'Aisha added: Ibn Ad-Daghna came to Abu
Bakr and said, "You know the conditions on
which I gave you protection, so you should either
abide by those conditions or revoke my
protection, as I do not like to hear the 'Arabs
saying that Ibn Ad-Daghna gave the pledge of
protection to a person and his people did not
respect it." Abu Bakr said, "I revoke your pledge
of protection and am satisfied with Allah's

protection." At that time Allah's Apostle was still

in Mecca and he said to his companions, "Your
place of emigration has been shown to me. I
have seen salty land, planted with date-palms
and situated between two mountains which are
the two ,Harras." So, when the Prophet told it,
some of the companions migrated to Medina,
and some of those who had migrated to Ethiopia
returned to Medina. When Abu Bakr prepared
for emigration, Allah's Apostle said to him,
"Wait, for I expect to be permitted to emigrate."
Abu Bakr asked, "May my father be sacrificed

for your sake, do you really expect that?" Allah's

Apostle replied in the affirmative. So, Abu Bakr
postponed his departure in order to accompany
Allah's Apostle and fed two camels which he
had, with the leaves of Samor trees for four
months.
Volume 3, Book 37, Number 495:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Whenever a dead man in debt was brought to
Allah's Apostle he would ask, "Has he left
anything to repay his debt?" If he was informed
that he had left something to repay his debts, he
would offer his funeral prayer, otherwise he
would tell the Muslims to offer their friend's
funeral prayer. When Allah made the Prophet
wealthy through conquests, he said, "I am more

rightful than other believers to be the guardian of

the believers, so if a Muslim dies while in debt, I

am responsible for the repayment of his debt,

and whoever leaves wealth (after his death) it will

belong to his heirs. "
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 38:
Representation,
Authorization, Business by
Proxy
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 496:
Narrated 'Ali: Allah's Apostle ordered me to
distribute the saddles and skins of the Budn
which had slaughtered.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 497:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Amir:

that the Prophet had given him sheep to distribute

among his companions and a male kid was left
(after the distribution). When he informed the
Prophet of it, he said (to him), "Offer it as a
sacrifice on your behalf."
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 498:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf:
I got an agreement written between me and
Umaiya bin Khalaf that Umaiya would look after
my property (or family) in Mecca and I would
look after his in Medina. When I mentioned the
word 'Ar-Rahman' in the documents, Umaiya
said, "I do not know 'Ar-Rahman.' Write down
to me your name, (with which you called

yourself) in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance."

So, I wrote my name ' 'Abdu 'Amr'. On the day
(of the battle) of Badr, when all the people went

to sleep, I went up the hill to protect him. Bilal(1)

saw him (i.e. Umaiya) and went to a gathering of
Ansar and said, "(Here is) Umaiya bin Khalaf!
Woe to me if he escapes!" So, a group of Ansar
went out with Bilal to follow us ('Abdur-Rahman
and Umaiya). Being afraid that they would catch
us, I left Umaiya's son for them to keep them
busy but the Ansar killed the son and insisted on
following us. Umaiya was a fat man, and when
they approached us, I told him to kneel down,
and he knelt, and I laid myself on him to protect
him, but the Ansar killed him by passing their
swords underneath me, and one of them injured
my foot with his sword. (The sub narrator said, "
'Abdur-Rahman used to show us the trace of the
wound on the back of his foot.")
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 499:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle employed someone as a
governor at Khaibar. When the man came to
Medina, he brought with him dates called Janib.
The Prophet asked him, "Are all the dates of
Khaibar of this kind?" The man replied, "(No),
we exchange two Sa's of bad dates for one Sa of

this kind of dates (i.e. Janib), or exchange three

Sa's for two." On that, the Prophet said, "Don't

do so, as it is a kind of usury (Riba) but sell the

dates of inferior quality for money, and then buy
Janib with the money". The Prophet said the
same thing about dates sold by weight. (See
Hadith No. 506).
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 500:
Narrated Ibn Ka'b bin Malik from his father:
We had some sheep which used to graze at
Sala'. One of our slavegirls saw a sheep dying
and she broke a stone and slaughtered the sheep

with it. My father said to the people, "Don't eat it

till I ask the Prophet about it (or till I send
somebody to ask the Prophet)." So, he asked or
sent somebody to ask the Prophet, and the
Prophet permitted him to eat it. 'Ubaidullah (a

sub-narrator) said, "I admire that girl, for though

she was a slave-girl, she dared to slaughter the
sheep . "
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 501:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet owed somebody a camel of a
certain age. When he came to demand it back,
the Prophet said (to some people), "Give him (his
due)." When the people searched for a camel of
that age, they found none, but found a camel one
year older. The Prophet said, "Give (it to) him."
On that, the man remarked, "You have given me

my right in full. May Allah give you in full." The

Prophet said, "The best amongst you is the one
who pays the rights of others generously."
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 502:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to the Prophet demanding his debts
and behaved rudely. The companions of the
Prophet intended to harm him, but Allah's
Apostle said (to them), "Leave him, for the
creditor (i.e. owner of a right) has the right to
speak." Allah's Apostle then said, "Give him a
camel of the same age as that of his." The people
said, "O Allah's Apostle! There is only a camel

that is older than his." Allah's Apostle said, "Give

(it to) him, for the best amongst you is he who
pays the rights of others handsomely."
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 503:
Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam and Al-Miswar
bin Makhrama:
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin after
embracing Islam, came to Allah's Apostle, he got
up. They appealed to him to return their
properties and their captives. Allah's Apostle
said to them, "The most beloved statement to me
is the true one. So, you have the option of
restoring your properties or your captives, for I
have delayed distributing them." The narrator
added, Allah's Apostle c had been waiting for
them for more than ten days on his return from
Taif. When they realized that Allah's Apostle
would return to them only one of two things, they
said, "We choose our captives." So, Allah's
Apostle got up in the gathering of the Muslims,
praised Allah as He deserved, and said, "Then
after! These brethren of yours have come to you

with repentance and I see it proper to return their

captives to them. So, whoever amongst you likes
to do that as a favor, then he can do it, and

whoever of you wants to stick to his share till we

pay him from the very first booty which Allah will

give us then he can do so." The people replied,
"We agree to give up our shares willingly as a
favor for Allah's Apostle." Then Allah's Apostle
said, "We don't know who amongst you has
agreed and who hasn't. Go back and your chiefs

may tell us your opinion." So, all of them returned

and their chiefs discussed the matter with them
and then they (i.e. their chiefs) came to Allah's

Apostle to tell him that they (i.e. the people) had

given up their shares gladly and willingly.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 504:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
I was accompanying the Prophet on a journey
and was riding a slow camel that was lagging
behind the others. The Prophet passed by me
and asked, "Who is this?" I replied, "Jabir bin
'Abdullah." He asked, "What is the matter, (why
are you late)?" I replied, "I am riding a slow
camel." He asked, "Do you have a stick?" I

replied in the affirmative. He said, "Give it to me."

When I gave it to him, he beat the camel and
rebuked it. Then that camel surpassed the others
thenceforth. The Prophet said, "Sell it to me." I

replied, "It is (a gift) for you, O Allah's Apostle."

He said, "Sell it to me. I have bought it for four

Dinars (gold pieces) and you can keep on riding
it till Medina." When we approached Medina, I
started going (towards my house). The Prophet
said, "Where are you going?" I Sad, "I have
married a widow." He said, "Why have you not
married a virgin to fondle with each other?" I
said, "My father died and left daughters, so I
decided to marry a widow (an experienced
woman) (to look after them)." He said, "Well
done." When we reached Medina, Allah's
Apostle said, "O Bilal, pay him (the price of the
camel) and give him extra money." Bilal gave me
four Dinars and one Qirat extra. (A sub-narrator
said): Jabir added, "The extra Qirat of Allah's
Apostle never parted from me." The Qirat was
always in Jabir bin 'Abdullah's purse.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 505r:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
A woman came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O

Allah's Apostle! I want to give up myself to you."

A man said, "Marry her to me." The Prophet
said, "We agree to marry her to you with what
you know of the Qur'an by heart."
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 505t:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle deputed me to keep Sadaqat
(al-Fitr) of Ramadan. A comer came and started
taking handfuls of the foodstuff (of the Sadaqa)
(stealthily). I took hold of him and said, "By
Allah, I will take you to Allah's Apostle ." He
said, "I am needy and have many dependents,
and I am in great need." I released him, and in
the morning Allah's Apostle asked me, "What did
your prisoner do yesterday?" I said, "O Allah's
Apostle! The person complained of being needy
and of having many dependents, so, I pitied him

and let him go." Allah's Apostle said, "Indeed, he

told you a lie and he will be coming again." I
believed that he would show up again as Allah's
Apostle had told me that he would return. So, I
waited for him watchfully. When he (showed up
and) started stealing handfuls of foodstuff, I
caught hold of him again and said, "I will
definitely take you to Allah's Apostle. He said,
"Leave me, for I am very needy and have many
dependents. I promise I will not come back
again." I pitied him and let him go.
In the morning Allah's Apostle asked me, "What
did your prisoner do." I replied, "O Allah's
Apostle! He complained of his great need and of
too many dependents, so I took pity on him and
set him free." Allah's Apostle said, "Verily, he

told you a lie and he will return." I waited for him

attentively for the third time, and when he (came

and) started stealing handfuls of the foodstuff, I

caught hold of him and said, "I will surely take

you to Allah's Apostle as it is the third time you

promise not to return, yet you break your
promise and come." He said, "(Forgive me and) I
will teach you some words with which Allah will
benefit you." I asked, "What are they?" He
replied, "Whenever you go to bed, recite
"Ayat-al-Kursi"-- 'Allahu la ilaha illa
huwa-l-Haiy-ul Qaiyum' till you finish the whole
verse. (If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard
for you who will stay with you and no satan will
come near you till morning. " So, I released him.
In the morning, Allah's Apostle asked, "What did
your prisoner do yesterday?" I replied, "He
claimed that he would teach me some words by
which Allah will benefit me, so I let him go."
Allah's Apostle asked, "What are they?" I
replied, "He said to me, 'Whenever you go to
bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi from the beginning to
the end ---- Allahu la ilaha illa
huwa-lHaiy-ul-Qaiyum----.' He further said to

me, '(If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for

you who will stay with you, and no satan will
come near you till morning.' (Abu Huraira or
another sub-narrator) added that they (the
companions) were very keen to do good deeds.
The Prophet said, "He really spoke the truth,
although he is an absolute liar. Do you know
whom you were talking to, these three nights, O
Abu Huraira?" Abu Huraira said, "No." He said,
"It was Satan."
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 506:
Narrated Abu Said al-Khudri:

Once Bilal brought Barni (i.e. a kind of dates) to

the Prophet and the Prophet asked him, "From
where have you brought these?" Bilal replied, "I
had some inferior type of dates and exchanged
two Sas of it for one Sa of Barni dates in order
to give it to the Prophet; to eat." Thereupon the
Prophet said, "Beware! Beware! This is definitely
Riba (usury)! This is definitely Riba (Usury)!
Don't do so, but if you want to buy (a superior
kind of dates) sell the inferior dates for money
and then buy the superior kind of dates with that
money."
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 507:
Narrated 'Amr:
Concerning the Waqf of 'Umar: It was not sinful

of the trustee (of the Waqf) to eat or provide his

friends from it, provided the trustee had no

intention of collecting fortune (for himself). Ibn

'Umar was the manager of the trust of 'Umar and
he used to give presents from it to those with
whom he used to stay at Mecca.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 508:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid and Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "O Unais! Go to the wife of
this (man) and if she confesses (that she has
committed illegal sexual intercourse), then stone
her to death."
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 509:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Al-Harith:
When An-Nuaman or his son was brought in a
state of drunkenness, Allah's Apostle ordered all
those who were present in the house to beat him.
I was one of those who beat him. We beat him
with shoes and palm-leaf stalks.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 510:
Narrated 'Aisha:
I twisted the garlands of the Hadis (i.e. animals
for sacrifice) of Allah's Apostle with my own
hands. Then Allah's Apostle put them around
their necks with his own hands, and sent them
with my father (to Mecca). Nothing legal was

regarded illegal for Allah's Apostle till the animals

were slaughtered.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 511:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Abu Talha was the richest man in Medina
amongst the Ansar and Beeruha' (garden) was
the most beloved of his property, and it was
situated opposite the mosque (of the Prophet.).

Allah's Apostle used to enter it and drink from its

sweet water. When the following Divine Verse
were revealed: 'you will not attain righteousness
till you spend in charity of the things you love'
(3.93), Abu Talha got up in front of Allah's
Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Allah says
in His Book, 'You will not attain righteousness
unless you spend (in charity) that which you
love,' and verily, the most beloved to me of my
property is Beeruha (garden), so I give it in
charity and hope for its reward from Allah. O
Allah's Apostle! Spend it wherever you like."
Allah's Apostle appreciated that and said, "That

is perishable wealth, that is perishable wealth. I

have heard what you have said; I suggest you to
distribute it among your relatives." Abu Talha
said, "I will do so, O Allah's Apostle." So, Abu
Talha distributed it among his relatives and
cousins. The sub-narrator (Malik) said: The
Prophet said: "That is a profitable wealth,"
instead of "perishable wealth".
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 512:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "An honest treasurer who
gives what he is ordered to give fully, perfectly
and willingly to the person to whom he is ordered
to give, is regarded as one of the two charitable
persons."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 39:
Agriculture
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 513:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle said, "There is none amongst the
Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and

then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it,

but is regarded as a charitable gift for him."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 514:
Narrated Abu Umama al-Bahili:
I saw some agricultural equipments and said: "I
heard the Prophet saying: "There is no house in
which these equipment enters except that Allah
will cause humiliation to enter it."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 515:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever keeps a dog, one
Qirat of the reward of his good deeds is
deducted daily, unless the dog is used for
guarding a farm or cattle." Abu Huraira (in
another narration) said from the Prophet, "unless
it is used for guarding sheep or farms, or for
hunting." Narrated Abu Hazim from Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "A dog for guarding cattle or
for hunting."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 516:
Narrated As-Sa'ib bin Yazid:
Abu Sufyan bin Abu Zuhair, a man from Azd
Shanu'a and one of the companions of the

Prophet said, "I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'If

one keeps a dog which is meant for guarding

neither a farm nor cattle, one Qirat of the reward

of his good deeds is deducted daily." I said, "Did

you hear this from Allah's Apostle?" He said,
"Yes, by the Lord of this Mosque."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 517:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "While a man was riding a
cow, it turned towards him and said, 'I have not
been created for this purpose (i.e. carrying), I
have been created for sloughing." The Prophet
added, "I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar believe in the
story." The Prophet went on, "A wolf caught a
sheep, and when the shepherd chased it, the wolf
said, 'Who will be its guard on the day of wild
beasts, when there will be no shepherd for it

except me?' "After narrating it, the Prophet said,

"I, Abu Bakr and 'Umar too believe it." Abu
Salama (a sub-narrator) said, "Abu Bakr and
'Umar were not present then." (It has been
written that a wolf also spoke to one of the
companions of the Prophet near Medina as
narrated in Fatah-al-Bari:
Narrated Unais bin 'Amr: Ahban bin Aus said, "I
was amongst my sheep. Suddenly a wolf caught
a sheep and I shouted at it. The wolf sat on its
tail and addressed me, saying, 'Who will look

after it (i.e. the sheep) when you will be busy and

not able to look after it? Do you forbid me the
provision which Allah has provided me?' " Ahban
added, "I clapped my hands and said, 'By Allah,
I have never seen anything more curious and

wonderful than this!' On that the wolf said, 'There

is something (more curious) and wonderful than

this; that is, Allah's Apostle in those palm trees,

inviting people to Allah (i.e. Islam).' "Unais bin

'Amr further said, "Then Ahban went to Allah's
Apostle and informed him what happened and
embraced Islam.)" palm trees or other trees and
share the fruits with me."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 518:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Ansar said to the Prophet "Distribute the
date palm trees between us and our emigrant
brothers." He replied, "No." The Ansar said (to
the emigrants), "Look after the trees (water and
watch them) and share the fruits with us." The
emigrants said, "We listen and obey."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 519:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The Prophet got the date palm trees of the tribe
of Bani-An-Nadir burnt and the trees cut down
at a place called Al-Buwaira . Hassan bin Thabit
said in a poetic verse: "The chiefs of Bani Lu'ai
found it easy to watch fire spreading at
Al-Buwaira."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 520:
Narrated Rafi' bin Khadij:
We worked on farms more than anybody else in
Medina. We used to rent the land at the yield of

specific delimited portion of it to be given to the

landlord. Sometimes the vegetation of that
portion was affected by blights etc., while the
rest remained safe and vice versa, so the Prophet

forbade this practice. At that time gold or silver

were not used (for renting the land). If they
provided the seeds, they would get so-and-so
much. Al-Hasan said, "There is no harm if the
land belongs to one but both spend on it and the
yield is divided between them." Az-Zuhri had the
same opinion. Al-Hasan said, "There is no harm

if cotton is picked on the condition of having half

the yield." Ibrahim, Ibn Siain, 'Ata', Al-Hakam,
Az-Zuhri and Qatada said, "There is no harm in
giving the yarn to the weaver to weave into cloth
on the basis that one-third or one-fourth (or any

other portion) of the cloth is given to the weaver

for his labor." Ma'am said, "There is no harm in

hiring animals for a definite (fixed) period on the

basis that one-third or one-fourth of the products

carried by the animals is given to the owner of
the animals."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 521:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
The Prophet concluded a contract with the
people of Khaibar to utilize the land on the
condition that half the products of fruits or
vegetation would be their share. The Prophet
used to give his wives one hundred Wasqs each,
eighty Wasqs of dates and twenty Wasqs of
barley. (When 'Umar became the Caliph) he

gave the wives of the Prophet the option of either

having the land and water as their shares, or
carrying on the previous practice. Some of them
chose the land and some chose the Wasqs, and
'Aisha chose the land.
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 522:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet made a deal with the people of
Khaibar that they would have half the fruits and
vegetation of the land they cultivated.
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 523:
Narrated 'Amr:
I said to Tawus, "I wish you would give up
Mukhabara (Share-cropping), for the people say
that the Prophet forbade it." On that Tawus
replied, "O 'Amr! I give the land to
share-croppers and help them. No doubt; the
most learned man, namely Ibn 'Abbas told me

that the Prophet had not forbidden it but said, 'It

is more beneficial for one to give his land free to

one's brother than to charge him a fixed rental."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 524:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle gave the land of Khaibar to the
Jew's on the condition that they work on it and
cultivate it, and be given half of its yield.
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 525:
Narrated Rafi:
We worked on farms more than anybody else in
Medina. We used to rent the land and say to the

owner, "The yield of this portion is for us and the

yield of that portion is for you (as the rent)." One

of those portions might yield something and the
other might not. So, the Prophet forbade us to
do so.
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 526:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "While three men were
walking, It started raining and they took shelter
(refuge) in a cave in a mountain. A big rock
rolled down from the mountain and closed the
mouth of the cave. They said to each other,
"Think of good deeds which you did for Allah's
sake only, and invoke Allah by giving reference
to those deeds so that He may remove this rock
from you." One of them said, 'O Allah! I had old

parents and small children and I used to graze the

sheep for them. On my return to them in the
evening, I used to milk (the sheep) and start
providing my parents first of all before my
children. One day I was delayed and came late
at night and found my parents sleeping. I milked
(the sheep) as usual and stood by their heads. I
hated to wake them up and disliked to give milk
to my children before them, although my children
were weeping (because of hunger) at my feet till
the day dawned. O Allah! If I did this for Your
sake only, kindly remove the rock so that we
could see the sky through it.' So, Allah removed
the rock a little and they saw the sky. The
second man said, 'O Allah! I was in love with a
cousin of mine like the deepest love a man may
have for a woman. I wanted to outrage her
chastity but she refused unless I gave her one
hundred Dinars. So, I struggled to collect that
amount. And when I sat between her legs, she
said, 'O Allah's slave! Be afraid of Allah and do
not deflower me except rightfully (by marriage).'
So, I got up. O Allah! If I did it for Your sake
only, please remove the rock.' The rock shifted a
little more. Then the third man said, 'O Allah! I
employed a laborer for a Faraq of rice and when
he finished his job and demanded his right, I

presented it to him, but he refused to take it. So,

I sowed the rice many time till I gathered cows
and their shepherd (from the yield). (Then after
some time) He came and said to me, 'Fear Allah
(and give me my right)." I said, 'Go and take
those cows and the shepherd.' He said, 'Be
afraid of Allah! Don't mock at me.' I said, 'I am
not mocking at you. Take (all that).' So, he took

all that. O Allah! If I did that for Your sake only,

please remove the rest of the rock.' So, Allah
removed the rock."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 527:
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:
Umar said, "But for the future Muslim
generations, I would have distributed the land of
the villages I conquer among the soldiers as the
Prophet distributed the land of Khaibar."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 528:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet said, "He who cultivates land that
does not belong to anybody is more rightful (to
own it)." 'Urwa said, "Umar gave the same
verdict in his Caliphate."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 529:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
While the Prophet was passing the night at his

place of rest in Dhul-Hulaifa in the bottom of the

valley (of Aqiq), he saw a dream and it was said
to him, "You are in a blessed valley." Musa said,
"Salim let our camels kneel at the place where
'Abdullah used to make his camel kneel, seeking
the place where Allah's Apostle used to take a
rest, which is situated below the mosque which is
in the bottom of the valley; it is midway between
the mosque and the road."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 530:
Narrated 'Umar:
While the Prophet was in Al-'Aqiq he said,
"Someone (meaning Gabriel) came to me from
my Lord tonight (in my dream) and said, 'Offer

the prayer in this blessed valley and say (I intend

to perform) Umra along with Hajj (together).' "
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 531:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Umar expelled the Jews and the Christians from
Hijaz. When Allah's Apostle had conquered
Khaibar, he wanted to expel the Jews from it as
its land became the property of Allah, His
Apostle, and the Muslims. Allah's Apostle
intended to expel the Jews but they requested
him to let them stay there on the condition that

they would do the labor and get half of the fruits.

Allah's Apostle told them, "We will let you stay
on thus condition, as long as we wish." So, they

(i.e. Jews) kept on living there until 'Umar forced

them to go towards Taima' and Ariha'.
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 532:
Narrated Rafi bin Khadij:
My uncle Zuhair said, "Allah's Apostle forbade
us to do a thing which was a source of help to
us." I said, "Whatever Allah's Apostle said was
right." He said, "Allah's Apostle sent for me and
asked, 'What are you doing with your farms?' I
replied, 'We give our farms on rent on the basis
that we get the yield produced at the banks of

the water streams (rivers) for the rent, or rent it

for some Wasqs of barley and dates.' Allah's
Apostle said, 'Do not do so, but cultivate (the

land) yourselves or let it be cultivated by others

gratis, or keep it uncultivated.' I said, 'We hear

and obey.'
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 533:
Narrated Jabir:

The people used to rent their land for cultivation

for one-third, one-fourth or half its yield. The
Prophet said, "Whoever has land should cultivate

it himself or give it to his (Muslim) brother gratis;

otherwise keep it uncultivated."
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said,
"Whoever has land should cultivate it himself or
give it to his (Muslim) brother gratis; otherwise
he should keep it uncultivated."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 534:
Narrated 'Amr:
When I mentioned it (i.e. the narration of Rafi
'bin Khadij: no. 532) to Tawus, he said, "It is

permissible to rent the land for cultivation, for Ibn

'Abbas said, 'The Prophet did not forbid that, but

said: One had better give the land to one's

brother gratis rather than charge a certain amount

for it.' "
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 535:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn 'Umar used to rent his farms in the time of
Abu Bakr, 'Umar, 'Uthman, and in the early days
of Muawiya. Then he was told the narration of
Rafi 'bin Khadij that the Prophet had forbidden
the renting of farms. Ibn 'Umar went to Rafi' and
I accompanied him. He asked Rafi who replied
that the Prophet had forbidden the renting of
farms. Ibn 'Umar said, "You know that we used
to rent our farms in the life-time of Allah's
Apostle for the yield of the banks of the water
streams (rivers) and for certain amount of figs.
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 536:
Narrated Salim:
Abdullah bin 'Umar said, "I knew that the land
was rented for cultivation in the life-time of
Allah's Apostle ." Later on Ibn 'Umar was afraid
that the Prophet had forbidden it, and he had no
knowledge of it, so he gave up renting his land.
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 537:
Narrated Hanzla bin Qais:
Rafi bin Khadij said, "My two uncles told me that
they (i.e. the companions of the Prophet) used to

rent the land in the life-time of the Prophet for the

yield on the banks of water streams (rivers) or

for a portion of the yield stipulated by the owner

of the land. The Prophet forbade it." I said to
Rafi, "What about renting the land for Dinars and
Dirhams?" He replied, "There is no harm in
renting for Dinars-Dirhams. Al-Laith said, "If
those who have discernment for distinguishing

what is legal from what is illegal looked into what

has been forbidden concerning this matter they
would not permit it, for it is surrounded with
dangers."
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 538:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Once the Prophet was narrating (a story), while a
bedouin was sitting with him. "One of the

inhabitants of Paradise will ask Allah to allow him

to cultivate the land. Allah will ask him, 'Are you

not living in the pleasures you like?' He will say,

'Yes, but I like to cultivate the land.' " The
Prophet added, "When the man (will be
permitted he) will sow the seeds and the plants
will grow up and get ripe, ready for reaping and

so on till it will be as huge as mountains within a

wink. Allah will then say to him, 'O son of Adam!
Take here you are, gather (the yield); nothing
satisfies you.' " On that, the bedouin said, "The
man must be either from Quraish (i.e. an
emigrant) or an Ansari, for they are farmers,
whereas we are not farmers." The Prophet
smiled (at this).
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 539:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
We used to be very happy on Friday as an old
lady used to cut some roots of the Silq, which we
used to plant on the banks of our small water
streams, and cook them in a pot of her's, adding
to them, some grains of barley. (Ya'qub, the

sub-narrator said, "I think the narrator mentioned

that the food did not contain fat or melted fat
(taken from meat).") When we offered the Friday
prayer we would go to her and she would serve
us with the dish. So, we used to be happy on
Fridays because of that. We used not to take our
meals or the midday nap except after the Jumua
prayer (i.e. Friday prayer) .
Volume 3, Book 39, Number 540:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The people say that Abu Huraira narrates too
many narrations. In fact Allah knows whether I
say the truth or not. They also ask, "Why do the
emigrants and the Ansar not narrate as he does?"
In fact, my emigrant brethren were busy trading
in the markets, and my Ansar brethren were busy
with their properties. I was a poor man keeping
the company of Allah's Apostle and was satisfied
with what filled my stomach. So, I used to be
present while they (i.e. the emigrants and the
Ansar) were absent, and I used to remember
while they forgot (the Hadith). One day the
Prophet said, "Whoever spreads his sheet till I

finish this statement of mine and then gathers it on

his chest, will never forget anything of my
statement." So, I spread my covering sheet which
was the only garment I had, till the Prophet

finished his statement and then I gathered it over

my chest. By Him Who had sent him (i.e. Allah's

Apostle) with the truth, since then I did not forget

even a single word of that statement of his, until

this day of mine. By Allah, but for two verses in
Allah's Book, I would never have related any
narration (from the Prophet). (These two verses
are): "Verily! Those who conceal the clear signs
and the guidance which we have sent down
.....(up to) the Merciful.' (2.159-160)
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 40:
Distribution of Water
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 541:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
A tumbler (full of milk or water) was brought to
the Prophet who drank from it, while on his right
side there was sitting a boy who was the
youngest of those who were present and on his
left side there were old men. The Prophet asked,

"O boy, will you allow me to give it (i.e. the rest

of the drink) to the old men?" The boy said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I will not give preference to
anyone over me to drink the rest of it from which
you have drunk." So, the Prophet gave it to him.
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 542:
Narrated Az-Zuhri:
Anas bin Malik said, that once a domestic sheep
was milked for Allah's Apostle while he was in
the house of Anas bin Malik. The milk was
mixed with water drawn from the well in Anas's
house. A tumbler of it was presented to Allah's
Apostle who drank from it. Then Abu Bakr was

sitting on his left side and a bedouin on his right

side. When the Prophet removed the tumbler
from his mouth, 'Umar was afraid that the
Prophet might give it to the bedouin, so he said.
"O Allah's Apostle! Give it to Abu Bakr who is
sitting by your side." But the Prophet gave it to
the bedouin, who was to his right and said, "You
should start with the one on your right side."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 543:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Do not withhold the
superfluous water, for that will prevent people
from grazing their cattle."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 544:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
that Allah's Apostle said, "Do not withhold the
superfluous water in order to withhold the
superfluous grass."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 545:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "No bloodmoney will be
charged if somebody dies in a mine or in a well

or is killed by an animal; and if somebody finds a

treasure in his land he has to give one-fifth of it to

the Government."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 546:
Narrated 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud):
The Prophet said, "Whoever takes a false oath to
deprive somebody of his property will meet Allah
while He will be angry with him." Allah revealed:

'Verily those who purchase a little gain at the cost

of Allah's covenant, and their oaths.' ........(3.77)

Al-Ash'ath came (to the place where 'Abdullah
was narrating) and said, "What has Abu
'Abdur-Rahman (i.e. Abdullah) been telling you?
This verse was revealed concerning me. I had a
well in the land of a cousin of mine. The Prophet
asked me to bring witnesses (to confirm my

claim). I said, 'I don't have witnesses.' He said,

'Let the defendant take an oath then.' I said, 'O
Allah's Apostle! He will take a (false) oath
immediately.' Then the Prophet mentioned the
above narration and Allah revealed the verse to
confirm what he had said." (See Hadith No. 692)
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 547:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "There are three persons
whom Allah will not look at on the Day of
Resurrection, nor will he purify them and theirs
shall be a severe punishment. They are:
1. A man possessed superfluous water, on a way
and he withheld it from travelers.
2. A man who gave a pledge of allegiance to a

ruler and he gave it only for worldly benefits. If

the ruler gives him something he gets satisfied,
and if the ruler withholds something from him, he
gets dissatisfied.
3. And man displayed his goods for sale after the
'Asr prayer and he said, 'By Allah, except Whom
None has the right to be worshipped, I have
been given so much for my goods,' and
somebody believes him (and buys them)."
The Prophet then recited: "Verily! Those who
purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah's
Covenant and their oaths." (3.77)
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 548:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair:
An Ansari man quarrelled with Az-Zubair in the
presence of the Prophet about the Harra Canals
which were used for irrigating the date-palms.
The Ansari man said to Az-Zubair, "Let the
water pass' but Az-Zubair refused to do so. So,
the case was brought before the Prophet who

said to Az-Zubair, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land)

and then let the water pass to your neighbor." On

that the Ansari got angry and said to the Prophet,

"Is it because he (i.e. Zubair) is your aunt's son?"

On that the color of the face of Allah's Apostle
changed (because of anger) and he said, "O

Zubair! Irrigate (your land) and then withhold the

water till it reaches the walls between the pits
round the trees." Zubair said, "By Allah, I think
that the following verse was revealed on this
occasion": "But no, by your Lord They can have

No faith Until they make you judge In all disputes

between them." (4.65)
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 549:
Narrated 'Urwa:
When a man from the Ansar quarrelled with
AzZubair, the Prophet said, "O Zubair! Irrigate
(your land) first and then let the water flow (to

the land of the others)." "On that the Ansari said,

(to the Prophet), "It is because he is your aunt's

son." On that the Prophet said, "O Zubair!
Irrigate till the water reaches the walls between

the pits around the trees and then stop (i.e. let the

water go to the other's land)." I think the
following verse was revealed concerning this
event: "But no, by your Lord They can have No
faith Until they make you judge In all disputes
between them." (4.65)
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 550:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
An-Ansari man quarrelled with Az-Zubair about

a canal in the Harra which was used for irrigating

date-palms. Allah's Apostle, ordering Zubair to
be moderate, said, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your
land) first and then leave the water for your
neighbor." The Ansari said, "Is it because he is

your aunt's son?" On that the color of the face of

Allah's Apostle changed and he said, "O Zubair!

Irrigate (your land) and withhold the water till it

reaches the walls that are between the pits
around the trees." So, Allah's Apostle gave

Zubair his full right. Zubair said, "By Allah, the

following verse was revealed in that connection":
"But no, by your Lord They can have No faith
Until they make you judge In all disputes
between them." (4.65)
(The sub-narrator,) Ibn Shihab said to Juraij
(another sub-narrator), "The Ansar and the other
people interpreted the saying of the Prophet,

'Irrigate (your land) and with-hold the water till it

reaches the walls between the pits around the
trees,' as meaning up to the ankles."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 551:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was walking
he felt thirsty and went down a well and drank
water from it. On coming out of it, he saw a dog
panting and eating mud because of excessive

thirst. The man said, 'This (dog) is suffering from

the same problem as that of mine. So he (went

down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught

hold of it with his teeth and climbed up and
watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his
(good) deed and forgave him." The people
asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Is there a reward for
us in serving (the) animals?" He replied, "Yes,
there is a reward for serving any animate."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 552:
Narrated Asma' bint Abi Bakr:
The Prophet prayed the eclipse prayer, and then

said, "Hell was displayed so close that I said, 'O

my Lord ! Am I going to be one of its
inhabitants?"' Suddenly he saw a woman. I think
he said, who was being scratched by a cat. He
said, "What is wrong with her?" He was told,

"She had imprisoned it (i.e. the cat) till it died of

hunger."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 553:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "A woman was tortured
and was put in Hell because of a cat which she
had kept locked till it died of hunger." Allah's
Apostle further said, (Allah knows better) Allah
said (to the woman), 'You neither fed it nor
watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it
free to eat the insects of the earth."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 554:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
Once a tumbler (full of milk or water) was
brought to Allah's Apostle who drank from it,

while on his right side there was sitting a boy who

was the youngest of those who were present,
and on his left side there were old men. The
Prophet asked, "O boy ! Do you allow me to

give (the drink) to the elder people (first)?" The

boy said, "I will not prefer anybody to have my
share from you, O Allah's Apostle!" So, he gave
it to the boy.
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 555:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "By Him in Whose Hands my
soul is, I will drive some people out from my
(sacred) Fount on the Day of Resurrection as
strange camels are expelled from a private
trough."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 556:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet said, "May Allah be merciful to the
mother of Ishmael! If she had left the water of
Zam-Zam (fountain) as it was, (without
constructing a basin for keeping the water), (or

said, "If she had not taken handfuls of its water"),

it would have been a flowing stream. Jurhum (an
Arab tribe) came and asked her, 'May we settle
at your dwelling?' She said, 'Yes, but you have
no right to possess the water.' They agreed."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 557:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "There are three types of
people whom Allah will neither talk to, nor look
at, on the Day of Resurrection. (They are):
1. A man who takes an oath falsely that he has
been offered for his goods so much more than
what he is given,
2. a man who takes a false oath after the 'Asr
prayer in order to grab a Muslim's property, and
3. a man who with-holds his superfluous water.
Allah will say to him, "Today I will with-hold My
Grace from you as you with-held the superfluity
of what you had not created."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 558:
Narrated As-Sab bin Jaththama:
Allah's Apostle said, No Hima except for Allah
and His Apostle. We have been told that Allah's
Apostle made a place called An-Naqi' as Hima,
and 'Umar made Ash-Sharaf and Ar-Rabadha
Hima (for grazing the animals of Zakat).
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 559:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Keeping horses may be a
source of reward to some (man), a shelter to

another (i.e. means of earning one's living), or a

burden to a third. He to whom the horse will be a
source of reward is the one who keeps it in
Allah's Cause (prepare it for holy battles) and

ties it by a long rope in a pasture (or a garden).

He will get a reward equal to what its long rope

allows it to eat in the pasture or the garden, and if

that horse breaks its rope and crosses one or

two hills, then all its foot-steps and its dung will

be counted as good deeds for its owner; and if it

passes by a river and drinks from it, then that will

also be regarded as a good deed for its owner

even if he has had no intention of watering it then.

Horses are a shelter from poverty to the second
person who keeps horses for earning his living so
as not to ask others, and at the same time he

gives Allah's right (i.e. Rakat) (from the wealth he

earns through using them in trading etc.,) and
does not overburden them. He who keeps
horses just out of pride and for showing off and
as a means of harming the Muslims, his horses
will be a source of sins to him." When Allah's
Apostle was asked about donkeys, he replied,
"Nothing particular was revealed to me regarding
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 560:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid:
A man came to Allah's Apostle and asked about
Al-Luqata (a fallen thing). The Prophet said,

"Recognize its container and its tying material and

then make a public announcement about it for
one year and if its owner shows up, give it to
him; otherwise use it as you like." The man said,
"What about a lost sheep?" The Prophet said, "It
is for you, your brother or the wolf." The man
said "What about a lost camel?" The Prophet
said, "Why should you take it as it has got its
water-container (its stomach) and its hooves and
it can reach the places of water and can eat the
trees till its owner finds it?"
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 561:
Narrated Az-Zubair bin Al 'Awwam:
The Prophet said, "No doubt, one had better
take a rope (and cut) and tie a bundle of wood
and sell it whereby Allah will keep his face away
(from Hell-fire) rather than ask others who may
give him or not."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 562:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "No doubt, you had better
gather a bundle of wood and carry it on your
back (and earn your living thereby) rather than
ask somebody who may give you or not."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 563:
Narrated Husain bin Ali:
Ali bin Abi Talib said: "I got a she-camel as my
share of the war booty on the day (of the battle)
of Badr, and Allah's Apostle gave me another

she-camel. I let both of them kneel at the door of

one of the Ansar, intending to carry Idhkhir on
them to sell it and use its price for my wedding
banquet on marrying Fatima. A goldsmith from
Bam Qainqa' was with me. Hamza bin
'Abdul-Muttalib was in that house drinking wine
and a lady singer was reciting: "O Hamza! (Kill)
the (two) fat old she camels (and serve them to
your guests)."
So Hamza took his sword and went towards the
two she-camels and cut off their humps and
opened their flanks and took a part of their

livers." (I said to Ibn Shihab, "Did he take part of

the humps?" He replied, "He cut off their humps
and carried them away.") 'Ali further said, "When
I saw that dreadful sight, I went to the Prophet
and told him the news. The Prophet came out in
the company of Zaid bin Haritha who was with
him then, and I too went with them. He went to
Hamza and spoke harshly to him. Hamza looked
up and said, 'Aren't you only the slaves of my
forefathers?' The Prophet retreated and went
out. This incident happened before the
prohibition of drinking."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 564:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet decided to grant a portion of (the
uncultivated land of) Bahrain to the Ansar. The

Ansar said, "(We will not accept it) till you give a

similar portion to our emigrant brothers (from
Quraish)." He said, "(O Ansar!) You will soon
see people giving preference to others, so remain
patient till you meet me (on the Day of
Resurrection).
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 565:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "One
of the rights of a she camel is that it should be
milked at a place of water."
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 566:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
The Prophet permitted selling the dates of the
'Araya for ready dates by estimating the amount
of the former (as they are still on the trees).
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 567:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet forbade the sales called
Al-Mukhabara, Al-Muhaqala and Al-Muzabana
and the selling of fruits till they are free from

blights. He forbade the selling of the fruits except

for money, except the 'Araya.
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 568:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet allowed the sale of the dates of the
'Araya for ready dates by estimating the former
which should be estimated as less than five
Awsuq or five Awsuq. (Dawud, the sub-narrator
is not sure as to the right amount.)
Volume 3, Book 40, Number 569:
Narrated Rafi 'bin Khadij and Sahl bin Al
Hathma:
Allah's Apostle forbade the sale of Muzabana,

i.e. selling of fruits for fruits, except in the case of

'Araya; he allowed the owners of 'Araya such
kind of sale.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 41:
Loans, Payment of Loans,
Freezing of Property,
Bankruptcy
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 570:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
While I was in the company of the Prophet in
one of his Ghazawat, he asked, "What is wrong

with your camel? Will you sell it?" I replied in the

affirmative and sold it to him. When he reached
Medina, I took the camel to him in the morning
and he paid me its price.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 571:
Narrated Al-Amash:
When we were with Ibrahim, we talked about
mortgaging in deals of Salam. Ibrahim narrated
from Aswad that 'Aisha had said, "The Prophet
bought some foodstuff on credit from a Jew and
mortgaged an iron armor to him."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 572:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever takes the money of

the people with the intention of repaying it, Allah

will repay it on his behalf, and whoever takes it in

order to spoil it, then Allah will spoil him."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 573:
Narrated Abu Dhar:
Once, while I was in the company of the
Prophet, he saw the mountain of Uhud and said,
"I would not like to have this mountain turned
into gold for me unless nothing of it, not even a
single Dinar remains of it with me for more than

three days (i.e. I will spend all of it in Allah's

Cause), except that Dinar which I will keep for
repaying debts." Then he said, "Those who are

rich in this world would have little reward in the

Hereafter except those who spend their money
here and there (in Allah's Cause), and they are
few in number." Then he ordered me to stay at
my place and went not far away. I heard a voice
and intended to go to him but I remembered his
order, "Stay at your place till I return." On his
return I said, "O Allah's Apostle! (What was)
that noise which I heard?" He said, "Did you hear
anything?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Gabriel came
and said to me, 'Whoever amongst your
followers dies, worshipping none along with

Allah, will enter Paradise.' " I said, "Even if he

did such-and-such things (i.e. even if he stole or

committed illegal sexual intercourse)" He said,
"Yes."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 574:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "If I had gold equal to the
mountain of Uhud, it would not please me that it
should remain with me for more than three days,
except an amount which I would keep for
repaying debts."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 575:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man demanded his debts from Allah's Apostle
in such a rude manner that the companions of the
Prophet intended to harm him, but the Prophet
said, "Leave him, no doubt, for he (the creditor)
has the right to demand it (harshly). Buy a camel

and give it to him." They said, "The camel that is

available is older than the camel he demands.

"The Prophet said, "Buy it and give it to him, for

the best among you are those who repay their
debts handsomely. "
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 576:
Narrated Hudhaifa:
I heard the Prophet saying, "Once a man died
and was asked, 'What did you use to say (or do)
(in your life time)?' He replied, 'I was a
business-man and used to give time to the rich to
repay his debt and (used to) deduct part of the

debt of the poor.' So he was forgiven (his sins.)"

Abu Masud said, "I heard the same (Hadith)
from the Prophet."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 577:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to the Prophet and demanded a
camel (the Prophet owed him). Allah's Apostle
told his companions to give him (a camel). They
said, "We do not find except an older camel
(than what he demands). (The Prophet ordered
them to give him that camel). The man said, "You
have paid me in full and may Allah also pay you

in full." Allah's Apostle said, "Give him, for the

best amongst the people is he who repays his
debts in the most handsome manner."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 578:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet owed a camel of a certain age to a
man who came to demand it back. The Prophet
ordered his companions to give him. They
looked for a camel of the same age but found
nothing but a camel one year older. The Prophet
told them to give it to him. The man said, "You
have paid me in full, and may Allah pay you in
full." The Prophet said, "The best amongst you is
he who pays his debts in the most handsome
manner."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 579:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
I went to the Prophet while he was in the
Mosque. (Mis'ar thinks, that Jabir went in the
forenoon.) After the Prophet told me to pray two
Rakat, he repayed me the debt he owed me and
gave me an extra amount.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 580:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
My father was martyred on the day (of the
battle) of Uhud, and he was in debt. His
creditors demanded their rights persistently. I
went to the Prophet (and informed him about it).
He told them to take the fruits of my garden and
exempt my father from the debts but they refused
to do so. So, the Prophet did not give them my
garden and told me that he would come to me
the next morning. He came to us early in the
morning and wandered among the datepalms and

invoked Allah to bless their fruits. I then plucked

the dates and paid the creditors, and there
remained some of the dates for us.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 581:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
When my father died he owed a Jew thirty
Awsuq (of dates). I requested him to give me
respite for repaying but he refused. I requested

Allah's Apostle to intercede with the Jew. Allah's

Apostle went to the Jew and asked him to

accept the fruits of my trees in place of the debt

but the Jew refused. Allah's Apostle entered the
garden of the date-palms, wandering among the

trees and ordered me (saying), "Pluck (the fruits)

and give him his due." So, I plucked the fruits for

him after the departure of Allah's Apostle and
gave his thirty Awsuq, and still had seventeen
Awsuq extra for myself. Jabir said: I went to
Allah's Apostle to inform of what had happened,
but found him praying the 'Asr prayer. After the
prayer I told him about the extra fruits which
remained. Allah's Apostle told me to inform
(Umar) Ibn Al-Khatab about it. When I went to
'Umar and told him about it, 'Umar said, "When
Allah's Apostle walked in your garden, I was
sure that Allah would definitely bless it."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 582:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle used to invoke Allah in the
prayer saying, "O Allah, I seek refuge with you
from all sins, and from being in debt." Someone
said, O Allah's Apostle! (I see you) very often
you seek refuge with Allah from being in debt.

He replied, "If a person is in debt, he tells lies

when he speaks, and breaks his promises when
he promises."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 583:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "If someone leaves some

property, it will be for the inheritors, and if he

leaves some weak offspring, it will be for us to
support them."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 584:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "I am closer to the believers
than their selves in this world and in the
Hereafter, and if you like, you can read Allah's

Statement: "The Prophet is closer to the believers

than their own selves." (33.6) So, if a true
believer dies and leaves behind some property, it

will be for his inheritors (from the father's side),

and if he leaves behind some debt to be paid or
needy offspring, then they should come to me as
I am the guardian of the deceased."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 585:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Procrastination (delay) in
repaying debts by a wealthy person is injustice."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 586:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to the Prophet and demanded his
debts and used harsh words. The companions of
the Prophet wanted to harm him, but the Prophet
said, "Leave him, as the creditor (owner of the
right) has the right to speak."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 587:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "If a man finds his very
things with a bankrupt, he has more right to take
them back than anyone else."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 588:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
A man pledged that his slave would be
manumitted after his death. The Prophet asked,
"Who will buy the slave from me?" No'aim bin
'Abdullah bought the slave and the Prophet took
its price and gave it to the owner.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 589:
Narrated Jabir:
When 'Abdullah (my father) died, he left behind
children and debts. I asked the lenders to put
down some of his debt, but they refused, so I
went to the Prophet to intercede with them, yet
they refused. The Prophet said (to me), "Classify
your dates into their different kinds: 'Adhq bin
Zaid, Lean and 'Ajwa, each kind alone and call

all the creditors and wait till I come to you." I did

so and the Prophet came and sat beside the

dates and started measuring to each his due till he

paid them fully, and the amount of dates
remained as it was before, as if he had not
touched them.
(On another occasion) I took part in one of
Ghazawat among with the Prophet and I was
riding one of our camels. The camel got tired and
was lagging behind the others. The Prophet hit it

on its back. He said, "Sell it to me, and you have

the right to ride it till Medina.'' When we
approached Medina, I took the permission from
the Prophet to go to my house, saying, "O Allah's
Apostle! I have newly married." The Prophet
asked, "Have you married a virgin or a matron (a
widow or divorcee)?" I said, "I have married a
matron, as 'Abdullah (my father) died and left

behind daughters small in their ages, so I married

a matron who may teach them and bring them up
with good manners." The Prophet then said (to
me), "Go to your family." When I went there and
told my maternal uncle about the selling of the
camel, he admonished me for it. On that I told
him about its slowness and exhaustion and about
what the Prophet had done to the camel and his
hitting it. When the Prophet arrived, I went to
him with the camel in the morning and he gave
me its price, the camel itself, and my share from
the war booty as he gave the other people.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 590:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
A man came to the Prophet and said, "I am often
betrayed in bargaining." The Prophet advised
him, "When you buy something, say (to the
seller), 'No deception." The man used to say so
afterwards.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 591:
Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba:
The Prophet said, "Allah has forbidden for you,
(1) to be undutiful to your mothers, (2) to bury

your daughters alive, (3) to not to pay the rights

of the others (e.g. charity, etc.) and (4) to beg of

men (begging). And Allah has hated for you (1)
vain, useless talk, or that you talk too much
about others, (2) to ask too many questions, (in
disputed religious matters) and (3) to waste the
wealth (by extravagance).
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 592:
Narrated Abdullah bin 'Umar:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Everyone of you
is a guardian, and responsible for what is in his
custody. The ruler is a guardian of his subjects
and responsible for them; a husband is a guardian

of his family and is responsible for it; a lady is a

guardian of her husband's house and is

responsible for it, and a servant is a guardian of

his master's property and is responsible for it." I

heard that from Allah's Apostle and I think that
the Prophet also said, "A man is a guardian of is

father's property and is responsible for it, so all

of you are guardians and responsible for your
wards and things under your care."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 593:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
I heard a man reciting a verse (of the Holy
Qur'an) but I had heard the Prophet reciting it
differently. So, I caught hold of the man by the
hand and took him to Allah's Apostle who said,
"Both of you are right." Shu'ba, the sub-narrator

said, "I think he said to them, "Don't differ, for

the nations before you differed and perished
(because of their differences). "
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 594:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Two persons, a Muslim and a Jew, quarrelled.
The Muslim said, "By Him Who gave
Muhammad superiority over all the people! The
Jew said, "By Him Who gave Moses superiority

over all the people!" At that the Muslim raised his

hand and slapped the Jew on the face. The Jew
went to the Prophet and informed him of what
had happened between him and the Muslim. The
Prophet sent for the Muslim and asked him about
it. The Muslim informed him of the event. The
Prophet said, "Do not give me superiority over
Moses, for on the Day of Resurrection all the
people will fall unconscious and I will be one of
them, but I will. be the first to gain
consciousness, and will see Moses standing and
holding the side of the Throne (of Allah). I will
not know whether (Moses) has also fallen
unconscious and got up before me, or Allah has
exempted him from that stroke."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 595:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
While Allah's Apostle was sitting, a Jew came
and said, "O Abul Qasim! One of your
companions has slapped me on my face." The
Prophet asked who that was. He replied that he
was one of the Ansar. The Prophet sent for him,
and on his arrival, he asked him whether he had
beaten the Jew. He (replied in the affirmative
and) said, "I heard him taking an oath in the
market saying, 'By Him Who gave Moses

superiority over all the human beings.' I said, 'O

wicked man! (Has Allah given Moses
superiority) even over Muhammad I became
furious
and slapped him over his face." The Prophet
said, "Do not give a prophet superiority over
another, for on the Day of Resurrection all the

people will fall unconscious and I will be the first

to emerge from the earth, and will see Moses
standing and holding one of the legs of the
Throne. I will not know whether Moses has
fallen unconscious or the first unconsciousness
was sufficient for him."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 596:
Narrated Anas:
A Jew crushed the head of a girl between two
stones. The girl was asked who had crushed her
head, and some names were mentioned before
her, and when the name of the Jew was
mentioned, she nodded agreeing. The Jew was
captured and when he confessed, the Prophet
ordered that his head be crushed between two
stones.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 597:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
A man was often cheated in buying. The Prophet
said to him, "When you buy something, say (to
the seller), No cheating." The man used to say so
thenceforward .
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 598:
Narrated Jabir: A man manumitted a slave and
he had no other property than that, so the
Prophet cancelled the manumission (and sold the
slave for him). No'aim bin Al-Nahham bought
the slave from him.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 599:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever takes a false oath

so as to take the property of a Muslim (illegally)

will meet Allah while He will be angry with him."
Al-Ash'ath said: By Allah, that saying concerned
me. I had common land with a Jew, and the Jew
later on denied my ownership, so I took him to
the Prophet who asked me whether I had a
proof of my ownership. When I replied in the
negative, the Prophet asked the Jew to take an
oath. I said, "O Allah's Apostle! He will take an
oath and deprive me of my property." So, Allah
revealed the following verse: "Verily! Those who
purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah's
covenant and their oaths." (3.77)
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 600:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Ka'b bin Malik:
Ka'b demanded his debt back from Ibn Abi
Hadrad in the Mosque and their voices grew
louder till Allah's Apostle heard them while he
was in his house. He came out to them raising the
curtain of his room and addressed Ka'b, "O
Ka'b!" Ka'b replied, "Labaik, O Allah's
Apostle." (He said to him), "Reduce your debt to
one half," gesturing with his hand. Kab said, "I
have done so, O Allah's Apostle!" On that the
Prophet said to Ibn Abi Hadrad, "Get up and
repay the debt, to him."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 601:
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
I heard Hisham bin Hakim bin Hizam reciting
Surat-al-Furqan in a way different to that of
mine. Allah's Apostle had taught it to me (in a
different way). So, I was about to quarrel with
him (during the prayer) but I waited till he
finished, then I tied his garment round his neck
and seized him by it and brought him to Allah's
Apostle and said, "I have heard him reciting
Surat-al-Furqan in a way different to the way
you taught it to me." The Prophet ordered me to
release him and asked Hisham to recite it. When
he recited it, Allah s Apostle said, "It was
revealed in this way." He then asked me to recite

it. When I recited it, he said, "It was revealed in

this way. The Qur'an has been revealed in seven
different ways, so recite it in the way that is
easier for you."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 602:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "No doubt, I intended to order
somebody to pronounce the Iqama of the
(compulsory congregational) prayer and then I
would go to the houses of those who do not
attend the prayer and burn their houses over
them."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 603:
Narrated Aisha:
Abu bin Zam'a and Sad bin Abi Waqqas carried
the case of their claim of the (ownership) of the
son of a slave-qirl of Zam'a before the Prophet.
Sad said, "O Allah's Apostle! My brother,
before his death, told me that when I would
return (to Mecca), I should search for the son of
the slave-girl of Zam'a and take him into my
custody as he was his son." 'Abu bin Zam'a said,

'the is my brother and the son of the slave-girl of

my father, and was born or my father's bed." The
Prophet noticed a resemblance between Utba
and the boy but he said, "O 'Abu bin Zam'a! You

will get this boy, as the son goes to the owner of

the bed. You, Sauda, screen yourself from the
boy."
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 604:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle sent horsemen to Najd and they
arrested and brought a man called Thumama bin
Uthal, the chief of Yamama, and they fastened
him to one of the pillars of the Mosque. When
Allah's Apostle came up to him; he asked, "What
have you to say, O Thumama?" He replied, "I
have good news, O Muhammad!" Abu Huraira
narrated the whole narration which ended with
the order of the Prophet "Release him!"
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 605:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet sent some horsemen to Najd and
they arrested and brought a man called Thumama
bin Uthal from the tribe of Bani Hanifa, and they
fastened him to one of the pillars of the Mosque.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 606:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Ka'b bin Malik Al-Ansari
from Ka'b bin Malik:
That 'Abdullah bin Abi Hadrad Al-Aslami owed
him some debt. Ka'b met him and caught hold of

him and they started talking and their voices grew

loudest. The Prophet passed by them and
addressed Ka'b, pointing out to him to reduce

the debt to one half. So, Ka'b got one half of the

debt and exempted the debtor from the other
half.
Volume 3, Book 41, Number 607:
Narrated Khabbab:
I was a blacksmith In the Pre-lslamic period of
ignorance, and 'Asi bin Wail owed me some
money. I went to him to demand it, but he said to

me, "I will not pay you unless you reject faith in

Muhammad." I replied, "By Allah, I will never
disbelieve Muhammad till Allah let you die and

then resurrect you." He said, "Then wait till I die

and come to life again, for then I will be given
property and offspring and will pay your right."
So, thus revelation came: "Have you seen him

who disbelieved in Our signs and yet says, 'I will

be given property and offspring?' " (19.77)
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 42:
Lost Things Picked up by
Someone (Luqaata)
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 608:
Narrated Ubai bin Ka'b:
I found a purse containing one hundred Diners.
So I went to the Prophet (and informed him
about it), he said, "Make public announcement

about it for one year" I did so, but nobody turned

up to claim it, so I again went to the Prophet who

said, "Make public announcement for another

year." I did, but none turned up to claim it. I went

to him for the third time and he said, "Keep the

container and the string which is used for its tying

and count the money it contains and if its owner
comes, give it to him; otherwise, utilize it."
The sub-narrator Salama said, "I met him
(Suwaid, another sub-narrator) in Mecca and he
said, 'I don't know whether Ubai made the
announcement for three years or just one year.' "
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 609:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani:
A bedouin went to the Prophet and asked him
about picking up a lost thing. The Prophet said,
"Make public announcement about it for one
year. Remember the description of its container
and the string with which it is tied; and if
somebody comes and claims it and describes it

correctly, (give it to him); otherwise, utilize it." He

said, "O Allah's Apostle! What about a lost

sheep?" The Prophet said, "It is for you, for your

brother (i.e. its owner), or for the wolf." He
further asked, "What about a lost camel?" On
that the face of the Prophet became red (with
anger) and said, "You have nothing to do with it,

as it has its feet, its water reserve and can reach

places of water and drink, and eat trees."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 610:
Narrated Sulaiman bin Bilal from Yahya:
Yazid Maula Al-Munba'ith heard Zaid bin Khalid
al-Juham saying, "The Prophet was asked about
Luqata. He said, 'Remember the description of
its container and the string it is tied with, and

announce it publicly for one year.' " Yazid added,

"If nobody claims then the person who has found
it can spend it, and it is regarded as a trust
entrusted to him." Yahya said, "I do not know
whether the last sentences were said by the
Prophet or by Yazid." Zaid further said, "The
Prophet was asked, 'What about a lost sheep?'

The Prophet said, 'Take it, for it is for you or for

your brother (i.e. its owner) or for the wolf."
Yazid added that it should also be announced
publicly. The man then asked the Prophet about
a lost camel. The Prophet said, "Leave it, as it

has its feet, water container (reservoir), and it will

reach a place of water and eat trees till its owner

finds it."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 611:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid:
A man came and asked Allah's Apostle about
picking a lost thing. The Prophet said,
"Remember the description of its container and
the string it is tied with, and make public
announcement about it for one year. If the owner
shows up, give it to him; otherwise, do whatever
you like with it." He then asked, "What about a

lost sheep?" The Prophet said, "It is for you, for

your brother (i.e. its owner), or for the wolf." He

further asked, "What about a lost camel?" The
Prophet said, "It is none of your concern. It has

its water-container (reservoir) and its feet, and it

will reach water and drink it and eat the trees till

its owner finds it."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 612:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet passed a date fallen on the way and
said, "Were I not afraid that it may be from a

Sadaqa (charitable gifts), I would have eaten it."

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said,
"Sometimes when I return home and find a date

fallen on my bed, I pick it up in order to eat it,

but I fear that it might be from a Sadaqa, so I
throw it."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 613:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
When Allah gave victory to His Apostle over the
people of Mecca, Allah's Apostle stood up

among the people and after glorifying Allah, said,

"Allah has prohibited fighting in Mecca and has
given authority to His Apostle and the believers

over it, so fighting was illegal for anyone before

me, and was made legal for me for a part of a

day, and it will not be legal for anyone after me.

Its game should not be chased, its thorny bushes
should not be uprooted, and picking up its fallen
things is not allowed except for one who makes
public announcement for it, and he whose relative
is murdered has the option either to accept a
compensation for it or to retaliate." Al-'Abbas
said, "Except Al-ldhkhir, for we use it in our
graves and houses." Allah's Apostle said,
"Except Al-ldhkhir." Abu Shah, a Yemenite,
stood up and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Get it

written for me." Allah's Apostle said, "Write it for

Abu Shah." (The sub-narrator asked Al-Auza'i):
What did he mean by saying, "Get it written, O
Allah's Apostle?" He replied, "The speech which
he had heard from Allah's Apostle ."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 614:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "An animal should not be
milked without the permission of its owner. Does
any of you like that somebody comes to his store
and breaks his container and takes away his
food? The udders of the animals are the stores of
their owners where their provision is kept, so
nobody should milk the animals of somebody
else, without the permission of its owner."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 615:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani:
A man asked Allah's Apostle about the Luqata.
He said, "Make public announcement of it for
one year, then remember the description of its

container and the string it is tied with, utilize the

money, and if its owner comes back after that,
give it to him." The people asked, "O Allah's
Apostle! What about a lost sheep?" Allah's

Apostle said, "Take it, for it is for you, for your

brother, or for the wolf." The man asked, "O
Allah's Apostle! What about a lost camel?"
Allah's Apostle got angry and his cheeks or face
became red, and said, "You have no concern

with it as it has its feet, and its water-container,

till its owner finds it."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 616:
Narrated Suwaid bin Ghafala:
While I as in the company of Salman bin Rabi'a
and Suhan, in one of the holy battles, I found a
whip. One of them told me to drop it but I
refused to do so and said that I would give it to

its owner if I found him, otherwise I would utilize

it. On our return we performed Hajj and on
passing by Medina, I asked Ubai bin Ka'b about
it. He said, "I found a bag containing a hundred

Dinars in the lifetime of the Prophet and took it to

the Prophet who said to me, 'Make public
announcement about it for one year.' So, I
announced it for one year and went to the
Prophet who said, 'Announce it publicly for
another year.' So, I announced it for another
year. I went to him again and he said, "Announce
for an other year." So I announced for still

another year. I went to the Prophet for the fourth

time, and he said, 'Remember the amount of
money, the description of its container and the

string it is tied with, and if the owner comes, give

it to him; otherwise, utilize it.' "
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 617:
Narrated Salama:
the above narration (Hadith 616) from Ubai bin
Ka'b: adding, "I met the sub-narrator at Mecca
later on, but he did not remember whether Ka'b
had announced what he had found one year or
three years."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 618:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid:
A bedouin asked the Prophet about the Luqata.
The Prophet said, "Make public announcement
about it for one year and if then somebody
comes and describes the container of the Luqata

and the string it was tied with, (give it to him);

otherwise, spend it." He then asked the Prophet
about a lost camel. The face of the Prophet
become red and he said, "You have o concern

with it as it has its water reservoir and feet and it

will reach water and drink and eat trees. Leave it

till its owner finds it." He then asked the Prophet

about a lost sheep. The Prophet said, "It is for
you, for your brother, or for the wolf."
Volume 3, Book 42, Number 619:
Narrated Abu Bakr:
While I was on my way, all of a sudden I saw a
shepherd driving his sheep, I asked him whose
servant he was. He replied that he was the
servant of a man from Quraish, and then he
mentioned his name and I recognized him. I
asked, "Do your sheep have some milk?" He

replied in the affirmative. I said, "Are you going

to milk for me?" He replied in the affirmative. I
ordered him and he tied the legs of one of the
sheep. Then I told him to clean the udder (teats)
of dust and to remove dust off his hands. He
removed the dust off his hands by clapping his

hands. He then milked a little milk. I put the milk

for Allah's Apostle in a pot and closed its mouth

with a piece of cloth and poured water over it till

it became cold. I took it to the Prophet and said,

"Drink, O Allah's Apostle!" He drank it till I was

pleased.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 43:
Oppressions
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 620:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Apostle said, "When the believers pass

safely over (the bridge across) Hell, they will be

stopped at a bridge in between Hell and Paradise
where they will retaliate upon each other for the
injustices done among them in the world, and

when they get purified of all their sins, they will

be admitted into Paradise. By Him in Whose
Hands the life of Muhammad is everybody will
recognize his dwelling in Paradise better than he
recognizes his dwelling in this world."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 621:
Narrated Safwan bin Muhriz Almazini:
While I was walking with Ibn 'Umar holding his
hand, a man came in front of us and asked,
"What have you heard from Allah's Apostle
about An-Najwa?" Ibn 'Umar said, "I heard

Allah's Apostle saying, 'Allah will bring a believer

near Him and shelter him with His Screen and
ask him: Did you commit such-and-such sins? He
will say: Yes, my Lord. Allah will keep on asking

him till he will confess all his sins and will think

that he is ruined. Allah will say: 'I did screen your

sins in the world and I forgive them for you
today', and then he will be given the book of his
good deeds. Regarding infidels and hypocrites

(their evil acts will be exposed publicly) and the

witnesses will say: These are the people who lied
against their Lord. Behold! The Curse of Allah is
upon the wrongdoers." (11.18)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 622:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "A Muslim is a brother of
another Muslim, so he should not oppress him,
nor should he hand him over to an oppressor.
Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah
will fulfill his needs; whoever brought his
(Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will
bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of
Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim,
Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection
. "
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 623:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle said, "Help your brother, whether
he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 624:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle said, "Help your brother, whether
he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one.

People asked, "O Allah's Apostle! It is all right to

help him if he is oppressed, but how should we
help him if he is an oppressor?" The Prophet
said, "By preventing him from oppressing others."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 625:
Narrated Muawiya bin Suwald:
I heard Al-Bara' bin 'Azib saying, "The Prophet
orders us to do seven things and prohibited us
from doing seven other things." Then Al-Bara'
mentioned the following:--

(1) To pay a visit to the sick (inquiring about his

health),
(2) to follow funeral processions,

(3) to say to a sneezer, "May Allah be merciful to

you" (if he says, "Praise be to Allah!"),
(4) to return greetings,
(5) to help the oppressed,
(6) to accept invitations,
(7) to help others to fulfill their oaths. (See
Hadith No. 753, Vol. 7)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 626:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "A believer to another believer
is like a building whose different parts enforce
each other." The Prophet then clasped his hands
with the fingers interlaced (while saying that).
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 627:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "Oppression will be a
darkness on the Day of Resurrection."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 628:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet sent Mu'adh to Yemen and said,
"Be afraid, from the curse of the oppressed as
there is no screen between his invocation and
Allah."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 629:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever has oppressed
another person concerning his reputation or
anything else, he should beg him to forgive him
before the Day of Resurrection when there will
be no money (to compensate for wrong deeds),
but if he has good deeds, those good deeds will
be taken from him according to his oppression
which he has done, and if he has no good deeds,
the sins of the oppressed person will be loaded
on him."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 630:
Narrated Aisha:
Regarding the explanation of the following
verse:-- "If a wife fears Cruelty or desertion On
her husband's part." (4.128) A man may dislike

his wife and intend to divorce her, so she says to

him, "I give up my rights, so do not divorce me."
The above verse was revealed concerning such a
case.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 631:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad As-Sa'idi:
A drink (milk mixed with water) was brought to
Allah's Apostle who drank some of it. A boy
was sitting to his right, and some old men to his
left. Allah's Apostle said to the boy, "Do you
allow me to give the rest of the drink to these
people?" The boy said, "O Allah's Apostle! I will
not give preference to anyone over me to drink

the rest of it from which you have drunk." Allah's

Apostle then handed the bowl (of drink) to the
boy. (See Hadith No. 541).
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 632:
Narrated Said bin Zaid:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever usurps the land
of somebody unjustly, his neck will be encircled
with it down the seven earths (on the Day of
Resurrection). "
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 633:
Narrated Abu Salama:
That there was a dispute between him and some
people (about a piece of land). When he told
'Aisha about it, she said, "O Abu Salama! Avoid
taking the land unjustly, for the Prophet said,
'Whoever usurps even one span of the land of
somebody, his neck will be encircled with it
down the seven earths."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 634:
Narrated Salim's father (i.e. 'Abdullah):
The Prophet said, "Whoever takes a piece of the
land of others unjustly, he will sink down the
seven earths on the Day of Resurrection."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 635:
Narrated Jabala:
"We were in Medina with some of the Iraqi
people, and we were struck with famine and Ibn
Az-Zubair used to give us dates. Ibn 'Umar used
to pass by and say, "The Prophet forbade us to
eat two dates at a time, unless one takes the
permission of one's companions."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 636:
Narrated Abu Mas'ud:
There was an Ansari man called Abu Shu'aib
who had a slave butcher. Abu Shu'aib said to

him, "Prepare a meal sufficient for five persons so

that I might invite the Prophet besides other four

persons." Abu Shu'aib had seen the signs of
hunger on the face of the Prophet and so he
invited him. Another man who was not invited,
followed the Prophet. The Prophet said to Abu
Shu'aib, "This man has followed us. Do you
allow him to share the meal?" Abu Shu'aib said,
"Yes."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 637:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet said, "The most hated person in the
sight of Allah is the most quarrelsome person."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 638:
Narrated Um Salama:
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle heard
some people quarreling at the door of his
dwelling. He came out and said, "I am only a
human being, and opponents come to me (to
settle their problems); maybe someone amongst
you can present his case more eloquently than
the other, whereby I may consider him true and

give a verdict in his favor. So, If I give the right of

a Muslim to another by mistake, then it is really a

portion of (Hell) Fire, he has the option to take
or give up (before the Day of Resurrection)."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 639:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
The Prophet said, "Whoever has (the following)
four characters will be a hypocrite, and whoever

has one of the following four characteristics will

have one characteristic of hypocrisy until he gives

it up. These are: (1 ) Whenever he talks, he tells

a lie; (2) whenever he makes a promise, he
breaks it; (3) whenever he makes a covenant he
proves treacherous; (4) and whenever he
quarrels, he behaves impudently in an evil
insulting manner." (See Hadith No. 33 Vol. 1)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 640:
Narrated Aisha:
Hind bint 'Utba (Abu Sufyan's wife) came and
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Abu Sufyan is a miser.
Is there any harm if I spend something from his
property for our children?" He said, there is no
harm for you if you feed them from it justly and
reasonably (with no extravagance)."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 641:
Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir:
We staid to the Prophet, "You send us out and it
happens that we have to stay with such people as
do not entertain us. What do you think about it?
He said to us, "If you stay with some people and
they entertain you as they should for a guest,

accept their hospitality, but If they don't do, take

the right of the guest from them."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 642:
Narrated 'Umar:
When Allah took away the soul of His Prophet at
his death, the Ansar assembled In the shed of
Bani Sa'ida. I said to Abu Bakr, "Let us go." So,
we come to them (i.e. to Ansar) at the shed of
Bani Sa'ida. (See Hadith No. 19, Vol. 5 for
details)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 643:
Narrated Al-Araj:
Abu Huraira said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'No-one
should prevent his neighbor from fixing a wooden
peg in his wall." Abu Huraira said (to his
companions), "Why do I find you averse to it?
By Allah, I certainly will narrate it to you."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 644:
Narrated Anas:
I was the butler of the people in the house of
Abu Talha, and in those days drinks were
prepared from dates. Allah's Apostle ordered
somebody to announce that alcoholic drinks had
been prohibited. Abu Talha ordered me to go

out and spill the wine. I went out and spilled it,

and it flowed in the streets of Medina. Some
people said, "Some people were killed and wine
was still in their stomachs." On that the Divine
revelation came:-- "On those who believe And
do good deeds There is no blame For what they
ate (in the past)." (5.93)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 645:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, "Beware! Avoid sitting on he
roads (ways)." The people said, "There is no

way out of it as these are our sitting places where

we have talks." The Prophet said, "If you must sit

there, then observe the rights of the way." They
asked, "What are the rights of the way?" He said,
"They are the lowering of your gazes (on seeing

what is illegal to look at), refraining from harming

people, returning greetings, advocating good and
forbidding evil."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 646:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "A man felt very thirsty while
he was on the way, there he came across a well.
He went down the well, quenched his thirst and
came out. Meanwhile he saw a dog panting and
licking mud because of excessive thirst. He said

to himself, "This dog is suffering from thirst as I

did." So, he went down the well again and filled
his shoe with water and watered it. Allah thanked
him for that deed and forgave him. The people

said, "O Allah's Apostle! Is there a reward for us

in serving the animals?" He replied: "Yes, there is

a reward for serving any animate (living being)."
(See Hadith No. 551)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 647:
Narrated Usama bin Zaid:
Once the Prophet stood at the top of one of the
castles (or higher buildings) of Medina and said,
"Do you see what I see? No doubt I am seeing
the spots of afflictions amongst your houses as
numerous as the spots where rain-drops fall
(during a heavy rain). (See Hadith No. 102)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 648:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
I had been eager to ask 'Umar about the two
ladies from among the wives of the Prophet
regarding whom Allah said (in the Qur'an saying):
If you two (wives of the Prophet namely Aisha
and Hafsa) turn in repentance to Allah your
hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the
Prophet likes) (66.4), till performed the Hajj
along with 'Umar (and on our way back from

Hajj) he went aside (to answer the call of nature)

and I also went aside along with him carrying a
tumbler of water. When he had answered the call
of nature and returned. I poured water on his
hands from the tumbler and he performed

ablution. I said, "O Chief of the believers! ' Who

were the two ladies from among the wives of the
Prophet to whom Allah said:
'If you two return in repentance (66.4)? He said,
"I am astonished at your question, O Ibn 'Abbas.
They were Aisha and Hafsa."
Then 'Umar went on relating the narration and
said. "I and an Ansari neighbor of mine from Bani
Umaiya bin Zaid who used to live in 'Awali
Al-Medina, used to visit the Prophet in turns. He
used to go one day, and I another day. When I
went I would bring him the news of what had
happened that day regarding the instructions and
orders and when he went, he used to do the
same for me. We, the people of Quraish, used to
have authority over women, but when we came

to live with the Ansar, we noticed that the Ansari

women had the upper hand over their men, so
our women started acquiring the habits of the
Ansari women. Once I shouted at my wife and
she paid me back in my coin and I disliked that
she should answer me back. She said, 'Why do
you take it ill that I retort upon you? By Allah,
the wives of the Prophet retort upon him, and
some of them may not speak with him for the
whole day till night.' What she said scared me
and I said to her, 'Whoever amongst them does
so, will be a great loser.' Then I dressed myself
and went to Hafsa and asked her, 'Does any of
you keep Allah's Apostle angry all the day long

till night?' She replied in the affirmative. I said,

'She is a ruined losing person (and will never
have success)! Doesn't she fear that Allah may
get angry for the anger of Allah's Apostle and

thus she will be ruined? Don't ask Allah's Apostle

too many things, and don't retort upon him in any
case, and don't desert him. Demand from me
whatever you like, and don't be tempted to

imitate your neighbor (i.e. 'Aisha) in her behavior

towards the Prophet), for she (i.e. Aisha) is more

beautiful than you, and more beloved to Allah's
Apostle.
In those days it was rumored that Ghassan, (a
tribe living in Sham) was getting prepared their
horses to invade us. My companion went (to the
Prophet on the day of his turn, went and returned
to us at night and knocked at my door violently,
asking whether I was sleeping. I was scared (by
the hard knocking) and came out to him. He said
that a great thing had happened. I asked him:
What is it? Have Ghassan come? He replied that
it was worse and more serious than that, and
added that Allah's Apostle had divorced all his

wives. I said, Hafsa is a ruined loser! I expected

that would happen some day.' So I dressed
myself and offered the Fajr prayer with the
Prophet. Then the Prophet entered an upper
room and stayed there alone. I went to Hafsa
and found her weeping. I asked her, 'Why are
you weeping? Didn't I warn you? Have Allah's
Apostle divorced you all?' She replied, 'I don't
know. He is there in the upper room.' I then went
out and came to the pulpit and found a group of
people around it and some of them were
weeping. Then I sat with them for some time, but
could not endure the situation. So I went to the
upper room where the Prophet was and
requested to a black slave of his: "Will you get
the permission of (Allah's Apostle) for Umar (to
enter)? The slave went in, talked to the Prophet
about it and came out saying, 'I mentioned you to

him but he did not reply.' So, I went and sat with

the people who were sitting by the pulpit, but I
could not bear the situation, so I went to the
slave again and said: "Will you get he permission
for Umar? He went in and brought the same
reply as before. When I was leaving, behold, the
slave called me saying, "Allah's Apostle has
granted you permission." So, I entered upon the
Prophet and saw him lying on a mat without
wedding on it, and the mat had left its mark on
the body of the Prophet, and he was leaning on a
leather pillow stuffed with palm fires. I greeted
him and while still standing, I said: "Have you
divorced your wives?' He raised his eyes to me
and replied in the negative. And then while still
standing, I said chatting: "Will you heed what I
say, 'O Allah's Apostle! We, the people of
Quraish used to have the upper hand over our
women (wives), and when we came to the
people whose women had the upper hand over
them..."
'Umar told the whole story (about his wife). "On
that the Prophet smiled." 'Umar further said, "I
then said, 'I went to Hafsa and said to her: Do
not be tempted to imitate your companion
('Aisha) for she is more beautiful than you and
more beloved to the Prophet.' The Prophet
smiled again. When I saw him smiling, I sat down
and cast a glance at the room, and by Allah, I
couldn't see anything of importance but three

hides. I said (to Allah's Apostle) "Invoke Allah to

make your followers prosperous for the Persians
and the Byzantines have been made prosperous
and given worldly luxuries, though they do not
worship Allah?' The Prophet was leaning then
(and on hearing my speech he sat straight) and
said, 'O Ibn Al-Khatttab! Do you have any
doubt (that the Hereafter is better than this
world)? These people have been given rewards
of their good deeds in this world only.' I asked
the Prophet . 'Please ask Allah's forgiveness for
me. The Prophet did not go to his wives because
of the secret which Hafsa had disclosed to
'Aisha, and he said that he would not go to his
wives for one month as he was angry with them
when Allah admonished him (for his oath that he
would not approach Maria). When twenty-nine
days had passed, the Prophet went to Aisha first
of all. She said to him, 'You took an oath that
you would not come to us for one month, and
today only twenty-nine days have passed, as I
have been counting them day by day.' The
Prophet said, 'The month is also of twenty-nine
days.' That month consisted of twenty-nine days.
'Aisha said, 'When the Divine revelation of
Choice was revealed, the Prophet started with

me, saying to me, 'I am telling you something, but

you needn't hurry to give the reply till you can
consult your parents." 'Aisha knew that her
parents would not advise her to part with the
Prophet . The Prophet said that Allah had said:--
'O Prophet! Say To your wives; If you desire
The life of this world And its glitter, ... then
come! I will make a provision for you and set
you free In a handsome manner. But if you seek
Allah And His Apostle, and The Home of the
Hereafter, then Verily, Allah has prepared For
the good-doers amongst you A great reward.'
(33.28) 'Aisha said, 'Am I to consult my parents
about this? I indeed prefer Allah, His Apostle,
and the Home of the Hereafter.' After that the
Prophet gave the choice to his other wives and
they also gave the same reply as 'Aisha did."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 649:
Narrated Anas:
Allah's Apostle took an oath that he would not
go to his wives for one month as his foot had
been sprained. He stayed in an upper room when
'Umar went to him and said, "Have you divorced
your wives?" He said, "No, but I have taken an
oath that I would not go to them for one month."
The Prophet stayed there for twenty-nine days,
and then came down and went to his wives.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 650:
Narrated Jabir:
The Prophet entered the Mosque, and I too went

there after tying the camel at the pavement of the

Mosque. I said (to the Prophet ), "This is your
camel." He came out and started examining the
camel and said, "Both the camel and its price are
for you."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 651:
Narrated Hudhaifa:
I saw Allah's Apostle coming (or the Prophet
came) to the dumps of some people and urinated
there while standing .
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 652:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was on the
way, he found a thorny branch of a tree there on
the way and removed it. Allah thanked him for
that deed and forgave him."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 653:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet judged that seven cubits should be
left as a public way when there was a dispute
about the land.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 654:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Yazid Al-Ansari:
The Prophet forbade robbery (taking away what
belongs to others without their permission), and
also forbade mutilation (or maiming) of bodies.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 655:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "When an adulterer commits

illegal sexual intercourse, then he is not a believer

at the time, he is doing it, and when a drinker of

an alcoholic liquor drinks it, then he is not a
believer at the time of drinking it, and when a

thief steals, then he is not a believer at the time of

stealing, and when a robber robs, and the people

look at him, then he is not a believer at the time

of doing robbery.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 656:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be
established until the son of Mary (i.e. Jesus)
descends amongst you as a just ruler, he will
break the cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the
Jizya tax. Money will be in abundance so that
nobody will accept it (as charitable gifts).
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 657:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa:
On the day of Khaibar the Prophet saw fires
being lighted. He asked, "Why are these fires
being lighted?" The people replied that they were
cooking the meat of donkeys. He said, "Break
the pots and throw away their contents." The
people said, "Shall we throw away their contents
and wash the pots (rather than break them)?" He
said, "Wash them."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 658:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Masud:
The Prophet entered Mecca and (at that time)
there were three hundred-and-sixty idols around
the Ka'ba. He started stabbing the idols with a
stick he had in his hand and reciting: "Truth
(Islam) has come and Falsehood (disbelief) has
vanished."
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 659:
Narrated Al-Qasim:
Aisha said that she hung a curtain decorated with
pictures (of animates) on a cupboard. The
Prophet tore that curtain and she turned it into
two cushions which remained in the house for the
Prophet to sit on.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 660:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As:
I heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever is killed

while protecting his property then he is a martyr."

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 661:
Narrated Anas:
While the Prophet was with one of his wives, one
of the mothers of the believers (i.e. one of his
wives) sent a wooden bowl containing food with
a servant. The wife (in whose house he was
sitting) stroke the bowl with her hand and broke
it. The Prophet collected the shattered pieces
and put the food back in it and said, "Eat." He
kept the servant and the bowl till he had eaten
the food. Then the Prophet gave another
unbroken. bowl to the servant and kept the
broken one.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 662:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "There was an Israeli man
called Juraij, while he was praying, his mother
came and called him, but he did not respond to
her call. He said (to himself) whether he should
continue the prayer or reply to his mother. She
came to him the second time and called him and
said, "O Allah! Do not let him die until he sees

the faces of prostitutes." Juraij used to live in a

hermitage. A woman said that she would entice
Juraij, so she went to him and presented herself

(for an evil act) but he refused. She then went to

a shepherd and allowed him to commit an illegal
sexual intercourse with her and later she gave
birth to a boy. She alleged that the baby was
from Juraij. The people went to Juraij and broke
down his hermitage, pulled him out of it and
abused him. He performed ablution and offered
the prayer, then he went to the male (baby) and
asked him; "O boy! Who is your father?" The
baby replied that his father was the shepherd.
The people said that they would build for him a
hermitage of gold but Juraij asked them to make
it of mud only."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 44:
Partnership
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 663:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
"Allah's Apostle sent an army towards the east
coast and appointed Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah
as their chief, and the army consisted of
three-hundred men including myself. We
marched on till we reached a place where our
food was about to finish. Abu- 'Ubaida ordered
us to collect all the journey food and it was
collected. My (our) journey food was dates. Abu

'Ubaida kept on giving us our daily ration in small

amounts from it, till it was exhausted. The share
of everyone of us used to be one date only." I
said, "How could one date benefit you?" Jabir
replied, "We came to know its value when even
that too finished." Jabir added, "When we
reached the sea-shore, we saw a huge fish which
was like a small mountain. The army ate from it
for eighteen days. Then Abu 'Ubaida ordered

that two of its ribs be fixed and they were fixed in

the ground. Then he ordered that a she-camel be
ridden and it passed under the two ribs (forming
an arch) without touching them."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 664:
Narrated Salama:
Once the journey food diminished and the people
were reduced to poverty. They went to the
Prophet and asked his permission to slaughter
their camels, and he agreed. 'Umar met them and
they told him about it, and he said, "How would
you survive after slaughtering your camels?" Then
he went to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! How would they survive after
slaughtering their camels?" Allah's Apostle
ordered 'Umar, "Call upon the people to bring
what has remained of their food." A leather sheet
was spread and al I the journey food was
collected and heaped over it. Allah's Apostle
stood up and invoked Allah to bless it, and then

directed all the people to come with their utensils,

and they started taking from it till all of them got

what was sufficient for them. Allah's Apostle then

said, "I testify that None has the right to be
worshipped but Allah, and I am His Apostle. "
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 665:
Narrated Rafi bin Khadij:
We used to offer the 'Asr prayer with the
Prophet and slaughter a camel, the meat of which
would be divided in ten parts. We would eat the
cooked meat before sunset.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 666:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "When the people of Ash'ari

tribe ran short of food during the holy battles, or

the food of their families in Medina ran short,

they would collect all their remaining food in one

sheet and then distribute it among themselves
equally by measuring it with a bowl. So, these
people are from me, and I am from them."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 667:
Narrated Anas:
that Abu Bakr As-Siddiq wrote to him the law of
Zakat which was made obligatory by Allah's
Apostle. He wrote: 'Partners possessing joint
property (sheep) have to pay its Zakat equally.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 668:
Narrated 'Abaya bin Rafa'a bin Raft' bin Khadij:
My grandfather said, "We were in the company
of the Prophet at Dhul-Hulaifa. The people felt
hungry and captured some camels and sheep (as
booty). The Prophet was behind the people.
They hurried and slaughtered the animals and put
their meat in pots and started cooking it. (When
the Prophet came) he ordered the pots to be
upset and then he distributed the animals (of the
booty), regarding ten sheep as equal to one
camel. One of the camels fled and the people ran

after it till they were exhausted. At that time there

were few horses. A man threw an arrow at the
camel, and Allah stopped the camel with it. The
Prophet said, "Some of these animals are like
wild animals, so if you lose control over one of

these animals, treat it in this way (i.e. shoot it with

an arrow)." Before distributing them among the
soldiers my grandfather said, "We may meet the
enemies in the future and have no knives; can we
slaughter the animals with reeds?" The Prophet
said, "Use whatever causes blood to flow, and
eat the animals if the name of Allah has been
mentioned on slaughtering them. Do not slaughter

with teeth or fingernails and I will tell you why: It

is because teeth are bones (i.e. cannot cut

properly) and fingernails are the tools used by the

Ethiopians (whom we should not imitate for they
are infidels)."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 669:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet decreed that one should not eat two
dates together at a time unless he gets the
permission from his companions (sharing the
meal with him).
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 670:
Narrated Jabala:
"While at Medina we were struck with famine.
Ibn Az-Zubair used to provide us with dates as
our food. Ibn 'Umar used to pass by us and say,
"Don't eat two dates together at a time as the
Prophet has forbidden eating two dates together
at a time (in a gathering) unless one takes the
permission of one's companion brother."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 671:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn 'Umar said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If one
manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave,
and can afford the price of the other shares
according to the adequate price of the slave, the
slave will be completely manumitted; otherwise
he will be partially manumitted.' " (Aiyub, a
sub-narrator is not sure whether the saying " ...
otherwise he will be partially manumitted" was
said by Nafi' or the Prophet.)
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 672:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever manumits his share

of a jointly possessed slave, it is imperative for

him to get that slave manumitted completely by
paying the remaining price, and if he does not
have sufficient money to manumit him, then the

price of the slave should be estimated justly, and

he is to be allowed to work and earn the amount
that will manumit him (without overburdening
him)".
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 673:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:
The Prophet said, "The example of the person
abiding by Allah's order and restrictions in
comparison to those who violate them is like the
example of those persons who drew lots for their
seats in a boat. Some of them got seats in the
upper part, and the others in the lower. When the
latter needed water, they had to go up to bring

water (and that troubled the others), so they said,

'Let us make a hole in our share of the ship (and
get water) saving those who are above us from

troubling them. So, if the people in the upper part

left the others do what they had suggested, all the

people of the ship would be destroyed, but if
they prevented them, both parties would be
safe."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 674:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
That he had asked 'Aisha about the meaning of

the Statement of Allah: "If you fear that you shall

not Be able to deal justly With the orphan girls,
then Marry (Other) women of your choice Two
or three or four." (4.3)
She said, "O my nephew! This is about the
orphan girl who lives with her guardian and
shares his property. Her wealth and beauty may
tempt him to marry her without giving her an
adequate Mahr (bridal-money) which might have
been given by another suitor. So, such guardians
were forbidden to marry such orphan girls unless
they treated them justly and gave them the most
suitable Mahr; otherwise they were ordered to
marry any other woman." 'Aisha further said,
"After that verse the people again asked the
Prophet (about the marriage with orphan 'girls),
so Allah revealed the following verses:-- 'They
ask your instruction Concerning the women. Say:
Allah Instructs you about them And about what
is Recited unto you In the Book, concerning The
orphan girls to whom You give not the
prescribed portions and yet whom you Desire to
marry..." (4.127)
What is meant by Allah's Saying:-- 'And about
what is Recited unto you is the former verse
which goes:-- 'If you fear that you shall not Be
able to deal justly With the orphan girls, then
Marry (other) women of your choice.' (4.3)
'Aisha said, "Allah's saying in the other
verse:--'Yet whom you desire to marry' (4.127)
means the desire of the guardian to marry an
orphan girl under his supervision when she has
not much property or beauty (in which case he
should treat her justly). The guardians were
forbidden to marry their orphan girls possessing
property and beauty without being just to them,
as they generally refrain from marrying them
(when they are neither beautiful nor wealthy)."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 675:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet established the right of Shu'fa (i.e.
Pre-emption) in joint properties; but when the
land is divided and the ways are demarcated,
then there is no pre-emption.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 676:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "The right of pre-emption is

valid in every joint property, but when the land is

divided and the way is demarcated, then there is
no right of pre-emption."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 677:
Narrated Sulaiman bin Abu Muslim:
I asked Abu Minhal about money exchange from
hand to hand. He said, "I and a partner of mine
bought something partly in cash and partly on
credit." Al-Bara' bin 'Azib passed by us and we
asked about it. He replied, "I and my partner
Zaid bin Al-Arqam did the same and then went
to the Prophet and asked him about it. He said,
'Take what was from hand to hand and leave
what was on credit.' "
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 678:
Narrated Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle rented the land of Khaibar to the
Jews on the condition that they would work on it
and cultivate it and take half of its yield.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 679:
Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir:
that Allah's Apostle gave him some sheep to
distribute among his companions in order to
sacrifice them and a kid was left. He told the
Prophet about it and the Prophet said to him,
"Sacrifice it on your behalf."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 680:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Hisham:
that his mother Zainab bint Humaid took him to
the Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Take
the pledge of allegiance from him." But he said,

"He is still too young for the pledge," and passed

his hand on his (i.e. 'Abdullah's) head and
invoked for Allah's blessing for him. Zuhra bin
Ma'bad stated that he used to go with his
grandfather, 'Abdullah bin Hisham, to the market
to buy foodstuff. Ibn 'Umar and Ibn Az-Zubair
would meet him and say to him, "Be our partner,
as the Prophet invoked Allah to bless you." So,
he would be their partner, and very often he
would win a camel's load and send it home.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 681:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "Whoever manumits his share
o a jointly possessed slave, it is imperative on
him to manumit the slave completely if he has

sufficient money to pay the rest of its price which

is to be estimated justly. He should pay his
partners their shares and release him (the freed
one).
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 682:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever manumits his share

of a jointly possessed slave, it is essential for him

to manumit the slave completely if he has
sufficient money. Otherwise he should look for
some work for the slave (to earn what would
enable him to emancipate himself), without
overburdening him with work."
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 683:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet (along with his companions)
reached Mecca in the morning of the fourth of
Dhul-Hijja assuming Ihram for Hajj only. So
when we arrived at Mecca, the Prophet ordered
us to change our intentions of the Ihram for'Umra
and that we could finish our Ihram after
performing the 'Umra and could go to our wives
(for sexual intercourse). The people began

talking about that. Jabir said surprisingly, "Shall

we go to Mina while semen is dribbling from our
male organs?" Jabir moved his hand while saying
so. When this news reached the Prophet he
delivered a sermon and said, "I have been
informed that some peoples were saying so and
so; By Allah I fear Allah more than you do, and
am more obedient to Him than you. If I had
known what I know now, I would not have
brought the Hadi (sacrifice) with me and had the
Hadi not been with me, I would have finished the
Ihram." At that Suraqa bin Malik stood up and
asked "O Allah's Apostle! Is this permission for

us only or is it forever?" The Prophet replied, "It

is forever." In the meantime 'Ali bin Abu Talib
came from Yemen and was saying Labbaik for
what the Prophet has intended. (According to
another man, 'Ali was saying Labbaik for Hajj
similar to Allah's Apostle's). The Prophet told
him to keep on the Ihram and let him share the
Hadi with him.
Volume 3, Book 44, Number 684:
Narrated Abaya bin Rifaa:
My grandfather, Rafi bin Khadij said, "We were
in the valley of Dhul-Hulaifa of Tuhama in the
company of the Prophet and had some camels
and sheep (of the booty). The people hurried (in

slaughtering the animals) and put their meat in the

pots and started cooking. Allah's Apostle came
and ordered them to upset the pots, and
distributed the booty considering one camel as
equal to ten sheep. One of the camels fled and
the people had only a few horses, so they got
worried. (The camel was chased and) a man
slopped the camel by throwing an arrow at it.
Allah's Apostle said, 'Some of these animals are
untamed like wild animals, so if anyone of them

went out of your control, then you should treat it

as you have done now.' " My grandfather said,
"O Allah's Apostle! We fear that we may meet
our enemy tomorrow and we have no knives,
could we slaughter the animals with reeds?" The
Prophet said, "Yes, or you can use what would
make blood flow (slaughter) and you can eat
what is slaughtered and the Name of Allah is
mentioned at the time of slaughtering. But don't

use teeth or fingernails (in slaughtering). I will tell

you why, as for teeth, they are bones, and
fingernails are used by Ethiopians for
slaughtering. (See Hadith 668)
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 45:
Mortgaging
Volume 3, Book 45, Number 685:
Narrated Anas:
No doubt, the Prophet mortgaged his armor for
barley grams. Once I took barley bread with
some dissolved fat on it to the Prophet and I
heard him saying, "The household of Muhammad
did not possess except a Sa (of food grain,

barley, etc.) for both the morning and the evening

meals although they were nine houses."
Volume 3, Book 45, Number 686:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet bought some foodstuff on credit for
a limited period and mortgaged his armor for it.
Volume 3, Book 45, Number 687:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said, "Who would kill Ka'b bin
Al-Ashraf as he has harmed Allah and His
Apostle ?" Muhammad bin Maslama (got up
and) said, "I will kill him." So, Muhammad bin
Maslama went to Ka'b and said, "I want a loan
of one or two Wasqs of food grains." Ka'b said,
"Mortgage your women to me." Muhammad bin
Maslama said, "How can we mortgage our
women, and you are the most handsome among
the Arabs?" He said, "Then mortgage your sons
to me." Muhammad said, "How can we
mortgage our sons, as the people will abuse them
for being mortgaged for one or two Wasqs of
food grains? It is shameful for us. But we will
mortgage our arms to you." So, Muhammad bin
Maslama promised him that he would come to
him next time. They (Muhammad bin Maslama
and his companions came to him as promised
and murdered him. Then they went to the
Prophet and told him about it.
Volume 3, Book 45, Number 688:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "One can ride the mortgaged
animal because of what one spends on it, and
one can drink the milk of a milch animal as long
as it is mortgaged. "
Volume 3, Book 45, Number 689:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The mortgaged animal can

be used for riding as long as it is fed and the milk

of the milch animal can be drunk according to
what one spend on it. The one who rides the
animal or drinks its milk should provide the
expenditures."
Volume 3, Book 45, Number 690:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle bought some foodstuff from a
Jew and mortgaged his armor to him.
Volume 3, Book 45, Number 691:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
I wrote a letter to Ibn 'Abbas and he wrote to

me that the Prophet had given the verdict that the

defendant had to take an oath.
Volume 3, Book 45, Number 692:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) said, "Whoever took a
false oath in order to grab somebody's property
will meet Allah while Allah will be angry with
him." Allah revealed the following verse to
confirm that:--"Verily! Those who purchase a
small gain at the cost of Allah's covenant And
their oaths...a painful torment." (3.77)
Al-Ash'ath bin Qais came to us and asked as to
what Abu Abdur-Rehman (i.e. Ibn Mas'ud) was

telling you." We related the story to him. On that

he said, "He has told the truth. This verse was
revealed about me. I had some dispute with
another man regarding a well and we took the
case before Allah's Apostle. Allah's Apostle said
(to me), "Produce two witnesses (to support

your claim); otherwise the defendant has the right

to take an oath (to refute your claim).' I said,
'The defendant would not mind to take a false
oath." Allah's Apostle then said, 'Whoever took
a false oath in order to grab someone else's

property will meet Allah, Allah will be angry with

him.' Allah then revealed what Confirmed it."
Al-Ash'ath then recited the following
Verse:--"Verily! Those who purchase a small
gain at the cost of Allah's covenant, And their
oaths . . . (to) . . . they shall have a painful
torment!' (3.77) (See Hadith No. 546)
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 46:
Manumission of Slaves
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 693:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever frees a Muslim
slave, Allah will save all the parts of his body
from the (Hell) Fire as he has freed the
body-parts of the slave." Said bin Marjana said

that he narrated that Hadith to 'Ali bin Al-Husain

and he freed his slave for whom 'Abdullah bin
Ja'far had offered him ten thousand Dirhams or
one-thousand Dinars.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 694:
Narrated Abu Dhar:
I asked the Prophet, "What is the best deed?"
He replied, "To believe in Allah and to fight for
His Cause." I then asked, "What is the best kind
of manumission (of slaves)?" He replied, "The
manumission of the most expensive slave and the
most beloved by his master." I said, "If I cannot
afford to do that?" He said, "Help the weak or
do good for a person who cannot work for
himself." I said, "If I cannot do that?" He said,
"Refrain from harming others for this will be
regarded as a charitable deed for your own
good."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 695:
Narrated Asma' bint Abu Bakr:
The Prophet ordered us to free slaves at the time
of solar eclipses.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 696:
Narrated Asma' bint Abu Bakr:
We were ordered to free slaves at the time of
lunar eclipses.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 697:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "Whoever manumits a slave
owned by two masters, should manumit him

completely (not partially) if he is rich after having

its price evaluated."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 698:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever frees his share of
a common slave and he has sufficient money to
free him completely, should let its price be
estimated by a just man and give his partners the
price of their shares and manumit the slave;

otherwise (i.e. if he has not sufficient money) he

manumits the slave partially."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 699:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever manumits his

share of a slave, then it is essential for him to get

that slave manumitted' completely as long as he
has the money to do so. If he has not sufficient
money to pay the price of the other shares (after
the price of the slave is evaluated justly), the
manumitted manumits the slave partially in
proportion to his share.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 700:
Narrated 'Ubaidullah:
as above BRIEFLY.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 701:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "He who manumits his share of
a slave and has money sufficient to free the
remaining portion of that slave's price (justly
estimated) then he should manumit him (by giving
the rest of his price to the other co-owners)."
Nafi' added, "Otherwise the slave is partially

free." Aiyub is not sure whether the last statement

was said by Nafi' or it was a part of the Hadith.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 702:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
That he used to give his verdict regarding the
male or female slaves owned by more than one
master, one of whom may manumit his share of
the slave. Ibn 'Umar used to say in such a case,
"The manumitted should manumit the slave
completely if he has sufficient money to pay the
rest of the price of that slave (which is to be
justly estimated) and the other share-holders are

to take the price of their shares and the slave is

freed (released from slavery)." Ibn 'Umar
narrated this verdict from the Prophet.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 703:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
that the Prophet said, "Whoever frees his portion
of a (common) slave."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 704:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever frees his portion of
a common slave should free the slave completely
by paying the rest of his price from his money if
he has enough money; otherwise the price of the
slave is to be estimated and the slave is to be
helped to work without hardship till he pays the
rest of his price."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 705:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Allah has accepted my
invocation to forgive what whispers in the hearts
of my followers, unless they put it to action or
utter it." (See Hadith No. 657 Vol. 8)
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 706:
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
The Prophet said, "The (reward of) deeds
depend on intentions, and every person will get
the reward according to what he intends. So,
whoever migrated for Allah and His Apostle,
then his migration will be for Allah and His
Apostle, and whoever migrated for worldly
benefits or for marrying a woman, then his
migration will be for what he migrated for." (See
Hadith No. 1, Vol. 1)
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 707:
Narrated Qais:
When Abu Huraira accompanied by his slave set
out intending to embrace Islam they lost each
other on the way. The slave then came while Abu
Huraira was sitting with the Prophet. The
Prophet said, "O Abu Huraira! Your slave has
come back." Abu Huraira said, "Indeed, I would
like you to witness that I have manumitted him."
That happened at the time when Abu Huraira
recited (the following poetic verse):-- 'What a
long tedious tiresome night! Nevertheless, it has
delivered us From the land of Kufr (disbelief).
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 708:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
On my way to the Prophet I was reciting:--
'What a long tedious tiresome night!
Nevertheless, it has saved us From the land of
Kufr (disbelief).' I had a slave who ran away
from me on the way. When I went to the Prophet
and gave the pledge of allegiance for embracing
Islam, the slave showed up while I was still with
the Prophet who remarked, "O Abu Huraira!
Here is your slave!" I said, "I manumit him for
Allah's Sake," and so I freed him.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 709:
Narrated Qais:
When Abu Huraira accompanied by his slave
came intending to embrace Islam, they lost each
other on the way. (When the slave showed up)
Abu Huraira said (to the Prophet), "I make you

witness that the slave is free for Allah's Cause."

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 710:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Utba bin Abi Waqqas authorized his brother Sad
bin Abi Waqqas to take the son of the slave-girl

of Zam'a into his custody, telling him that the boy

was his own (illegal) son. When Allah's Apostle
went (to Mecca) at the time of the Conquest,
Sad took the son of the slavegirl of Zam'a to
Allah's Apostle and also brought 'Abu bin Zam'a

with him and said, "O Allah's Apostle! This is the

son of my brother 'Utba who authorized me to
take him into my custody." 'Abu bin Zam'a said,
"O Allah's Apostle! He is my brother, the son of
Zam'a' slave-girl and he was born on his bed."

Allah's Apostle looked at the son of the slave-girl

of Zam'a and noticed much resemblance (to
'Utba). Allah's Apostle said, "It is for you, O
'Abu bin Zam'a as he was born on the bed of

your father." Allah's Apostle then told Sauda bint

Zam'a to observe veil in the presence of the boy
as he noticed the boy's resemblance to 'Utba and
Sauda was the wife of the Prophet .
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 711:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
A man amongst us declared that his slave would
be freed after his death. The Prophet called for
that slave and sold him. The slave died the same
year.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 712:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle forbade the selling or donating
the Wala' of a freed slave.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 713:
Narrated 'Aisha:
I bought Buraira but her masters put the
condition that her Wala' would be for them. I
told the Prophet about it. He said (to me),
"Manumit her as her Wala' will be for the one
who pays the price." So, I manumitted her. The
Prophet called Buraira and gave her the option of
either staying with her husband or leaving him.
She said, "Even if he gave me so much money, I
would not stay with him," and so she preferred
her freedom to her husband.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 714:
Narrated Anas:
Some men of the Ansar asked for the permission
of Allah's Apostle and said, "Allow us to give up
the ransom from our nephew Al-'Abbas. The
Prophet said (to them), "Do not leave (even) a
Dirham (of his ransom)."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 715:
Narrated Hisham:
My father told me that Hakim bin Hizam
manumitted one-hundred slaves in the pre-lslamic
period of ignorance and slaughtered one-hundred
camels (and distributed them in charity). When
he embraced Islam he again slaughtered
one-hundred camels and manumitted
one-hundred slaves. Hakim said, "I asked Allah's
Apostle, 'O Allah's Apostle! What do you think
about some good deeds I used to practice in the
prelslamic period of ignorance regarding them as
deeds of righteousness?' Allah's Apostle said,
"You have embraced Islam along with all those
good deeds you did."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 716:
Narrated Marwan and Al-Miswar bin
Makhrama:
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin came
to the Prophet and they requested him to return
their properties and captives. The Prophet stood
up and said to them, "I have other people with
me in this matter (as you see) and the most
beloved statement to me is the true one; you may

choose either the properties or the prisoners as I

have delayed their distribution." The Prophet had
waited for them for more than ten days since his
arrival from Ta'if. So, when it became evident to
them that the Prophet was not going to return
them except one of the two, they said, "We
choose our prisoners." The Prophet got up
amongst the people and glorified and praised
Allah as He deserved and said, "Then after, these
brethren of yours have come to us with

repentance, and I see it logical to return them the

captives. So, whoever amongst you likes to do

that as a favor, then he can do it, and whoever of

you likes to stick to his share till we recompense

him from the very first war booty which Allah will

give us, then he can do so (i.e. give up the
present captives)." The people unanimously said,
"We do that (return the captives) willingly." The
Prophet said, "We do not know which of you
has agreed to it and which have not, so go back
and let your leaders forward us your decision."
So, all the people then went back and discussed
the matter with their leaders who returned and
informed the Prophet that all the people had

willingly given their consent to return the captives.

This is what has reached us about the captives of
Hawazin. Narrated Anas that 'Abbas said to the
Prophet, "I paid for my ransom and Aqil's
ransom."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 717:
Narrated Ibn Aun:

I wrote a letter to Nafi and Nafi wrote in reply to

my letter that the Prophet had suddenly attacked
Bani Mustaliq without warning while they were
heedless and their cattle were being watered at
the places of water. Their fighting men were
killed and their women and children were taken
as captives; the Prophet got Juwairiya on that
day. Nafi said that Ibn 'Umar had told him the
above narration and that Ibn 'Umar was in that
army.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 718:
Narrated Ibn Muhairiz:
I saw Abu Said and asked him about coitus
interruptus. Abu Said said, "We went with
Allah's Apostle, in the Ghazwa of Barli
Al-Mustaliq and we captured some of the 'Arabs
as captives, and the long separation from our
wives was pressing us hard and we wanted to
practice coitus interruptus. We asked Allah's

Apostle (whether it was permissible). He said, "It

is better for you not to do so. No soul, (that
which Allah has) destined to exist, up to the Day
of Resurrection, but will definitely come, into
existence."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 719:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I have loved the people of the tribe of Bani
Tamim ever since I heard, three things, Allah's
Apostle said about them. I heard him saying,
These people (of the tribe of Bani Tamim) would
stand firm against Ad-Dajjal." When the Sadaqat
(gifts of charity) from that tribe came, Allah's
Apostle said, "These are the Sadaqat (i.e.
charitable gifts) of our folk." 'Aisha had a

slave-girl from that tribe, and the Prophet said to

'Aisha, "Manumit her as she is a descendant of
Ishmael (the Prophet)."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 720:
Narrated Abu Musa:
Allah's Apostle said, "He who has a slave-girl
and educates and treats her nicely and then
manumits and marries her, will get a double
reward."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 721:
Narrated Al-Ma'rur bin Suwaid:
I saw Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari wearing a cloak, and
his slave, too, was wearing a cloak. We asked
him about that (i.e. how both were wearing
similar cloaks). He replied, "Once I abused a
man and he complained of me to the Prophet .
The Prophet asked me, 'Did you abuse him by
slighting his mother?' He added, 'Your slaves are
your brethren upon whom Allah has given you
authority. So, if one has one's brethren under
one's control, one should feed them with the like
of what one eats and clothe them with the like of
what one wears. You should not overburden
them with what they cannot bear, and if you do
so, help them (in their hard job)."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 722:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle said, "If a slave is honest and
faithful to his master and worships his Lord
(Allah) in a perfect manner, he will get a double
reward."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 723:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
The Prophet said, "He who has a slave-girl and
teaches her good manners and improves her
education and then manumits and marries her,
will get a double reward; and any slave who

observes Allah's right and his master's right will

get a double reward."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 724:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "A pious slave gets a
double reward." Abu Huraira added: By Him in
Whose Hands my soul is but for Jihad (i.e. holy
battles), Hajj, and my duty to serve my mother, I
would have loved to die as a slave.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 725:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Goodness and comfort are
for him who worships his Lord in a perfect
manner and serves his master sincerely."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 726:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "If a slave serves his Saiyid
(i.e. master) sincerely and worships his Lord
(Allah) perfectly, he will get a double reward."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 727:
Narrated Abu Musa:
The Prophet said, "The Mamluk (slave) who
worships his Lord in a perfect manner, and is
dutiful, sincere and obedient to his Saiyid
(master), will get a double reward."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 728:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "You should not say, 'Feed
your lord (Rabbaka), help your lord in
performing ablution, or give water to your lord,
but should say, 'my master (e.g. Feed your
master instead of lord etc.) (Saiyidi), or my
guardian (Maulai), and one should not say, my

slave (Abdi), or my girl-slave (Amati), but should

say, my lad (Fatai), my lass (Fatati), and 'my boy

(Ghulami)."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 729:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet said, "If one manumits his share of a
common slave (Abd), and he has money
sufficient to free the remaining portion of the
price of the slave (justly estimated), then he
should free the slave completely by paying the
rest of his price; otherwise the slave is freed
partly. "
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 730:
Narrated 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said, "Everyone of you is a
guardian and is responsible for his charges. The

ruler who has authority over people, is a guardian

and is responsible for them, a man is a guardian
of his family and is responsible for them; a
woman is a guardian of her husband's house and
children and is responsible for them; a slave
('Abu) is a guardian of his master's property and

is responsible for it; so all of you are guardians

and are responsible for your charges."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 731:
Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid:
The Prophet said, "If a slave-girl (Ama) commits

illegal sexual intercourse, scourge her; if she does

it again, scourge her again; if she repeats it,
scourge her again." The narrator added that on

the third or the fourth offence, the Prophet said,

"Sell her even for a hair rope."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 732:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "When your servant brings
your meals to you then if he does not let him sit
and share the meals, then he should at least give
him a mouthful or two mouthfuls of that meal or a
meal or two meals, as he has prepared it."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 733:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
That he heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Everyone
of you is a guardian and is responsible for his

charge; the ruler is a guardian and is responsible

for his subjects; the man is a guardian in his
family and responsible for his charges; a woman
is a guardian of her husband's house and
responsible for her charges; and the servant is a
guardian of his master's property and is

responsible for his charge." I definitely heard the

above from the Prophet and think that the
Prophet also said, "A man is a guardian of his

father's property and responsible for his charges;

so everyone of you is a guardian and responsible
for his charges."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 734:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "If somebody fights (or beats
somebody) then he should avoid the face."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 735:
Narrated 'Urwa:
That 'Aisha told him that Buraira came to seek
her help in her writing of emancipation (for a
certain sum) and that time she had not paid
anything of it. 'Aisha said to her, "Go back to

your masters, and if they agree that I will pay the

amount of your writing of emancipation and get
your Wala', I will do so." Buraira informed her

masters of that but they refused and said, "If she

(i.e. 'Aisha) is seeking Allah's reward, then she
can do so, but your Wala' will be for us." 'Aisha
mentioned that to Allah's Apostle who said to
her, "Buy and manumit her, as the Wala' is for
the liberator." Allah's Apostle then got up and
said, "What about the people who stipulate
conditions which are not present in Allah's Laws?
Whoever imposes conditions which are not
present in Allah's Laws, then those conditions
will be invalid, even if he imposed these
conditions a hundred times. Allah's conditions
(Laws) are the truth and are more solid."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 736:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Aisha wanted to buy a slave-girl in order to

manumit her. The girl's masters stipulated that her

Wala' would be for them. Allah's Apostle said
(to 'Aisha), "What they stipulate should not stop
you, for the Wala' is for the liberator."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 737:
Narrated Aisha:
Buraira came (to 'Aisha) and said, "I have made
a contract of emancipation with my masters for
nine Uqiyas (of gold) to be paid in yearly

installments. Therefore, I seek your help." 'Aisha

said, "If your masters agree, I will pay them the
sum at once and free you on condition that your
Wala' will be for me." Buraira went to her
masters but they refused that offer. She (came

back) and said, "I presented to them the offer but

they refused, unless the Wala' was for them."
Allah's Apostle heard of that and asked me

about it, and I told him about it. On that he said,

"Buy and manumit her and stipulate that the
Wala' should be for you, as Wala' is for the
liberator." 'Aisha added, "Allah's Apostle then
got up amongst the people, Glorified and Praised
Allah, and said, 'Then after: What about some
people who impose conditions which are not
present in Allah's Laws? So, any condition which
is not present in Allah's Laws is invalid even if
they were one-hundred conditions. Allah's
ordinance is the truth, and Allah's condition is
stronger and more solid. Why do some men from
you say, O so-and-so! manumit the slave but the
Wala will be for me? Verily, the Wala is for the
liberator."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 738:
Narrated Amra bint 'AbdurRahman:
Buraira went to Aisha, the mother of the faithful
believers to seek her help in her emancipation
Aisha said to her, "If your masters agree, I will
pay them your price in a lump sum and manumit
you." Buraira mentioned that offer to her masters
but they refused to sell her unless the Wala' was

for them. 'Aisha told Allah's Apostle about it. He

said, "Buy and manumit her as the Wala' is for
the liberator."
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 739:
Narrated 'Abdul Wahid bin Aiman:
I went to 'Aisha and said, "I was the slave of
Utba bin Abu Lahab. "Utba died and his sons
became my masters who sold me to Ibn Abu
Amr who manumitted me. The sons of 'Utba
stipulated that my Wala' should be for them."
'Aisha said, "Buraira came to me and she was
given the writing of emancipation by her masters
and she asked me to buy and manumit her. I

agreed to it, but Buraira told me that her masters

would not sell her unless her Wala' was for
them." 'Aisha said, "I am not in need of that."
When the Prophet heard that, or he was told
about it, he asked 'Aisha about it. 'Aisha
mentioned what Buraira had told her. The
Prophet said, "Buy and manumit her and let them
stipulate whatever they like." So, 'Aisha bought
and manumitted her and her masters stipulated
that her Wala' should be for them." The Prophet;,

said, "The Wala' will be for the liberator even if

they stipulated a hundred conditions."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 47:
Gifts
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 740:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "O Muslim women! None of
you should look down upon the gift sent by her
she-neighbour even if it were the trotters of the
sheep (fleshless part of legs)."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 741:
Narrated Urwa:
Aisha said to me, "O my nephew! We used to
see the crescent, and then the crescent and then
the crescent in this way we saw three crescents
in two months and no fire (for cooking) used to
be made in the houses of Allah's Apostle. I said,
"O my aunt! Then what use to sustain you?"
'Aisha said, "The two black things: dates and
water, our neighbors from Ansar had some
Manarh and they used to present Allah's Apostle
some of their milk and he used to make us
drink."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 742:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "I shall accept the invitation
even if I were invited to a meal of a sheep's

trotter, and I shall accept the gift even if it were

an arm or a trotter of a sheep."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 743:
Narrated Sahl:
The Prophet sent for a woman from the
emigrants and she had a slave who was a
carpenter. The Prophet said to her "Order your
slave to prepare the wood (pieces) for the
pulpit." So, she ordered her slave who went and
cut the wood from the tamarisk and prepared the
pulpit, for the Prophet. When he finished the
pulpit, the woman informed the Prophet that it
had been finished. The Prophet asked her to
send that pulpit to him, so they brought it. The
Prophet lifted it and placed it at the place in
which you see now."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 744:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Qatada Al-Aslami:
That his father said, "One day I was sitting with
some of the Prophet's companions on the way to
Mecca. Allah's Apostle was ahead of us. All of
my companions were in the state of Ihram while I
was a non-Muhrim. They saw an onager while I
was busy repairing my shoes, so they did not tell
me about it but they wished I had seen it. By
chance I looked up and saw it. So, I turned to

the horse, saddled it and rode on it, forgetting to

take the spear and the whip. I asked them if they
could hand over to me the whip and the spear
but they said, 'No, by Allah, we shall not help
you in that in any way.' I became angry and got
down from the horse, picked up both the things
and rode the horse again. I attacked the onager
and slaughtered it, and brought it (after it had
been dead). They took it (cooked some of it)

and started eating it, but they doubted whether it

was allowed for them to eat it or not, as they
were in the state of Ihram. So, we proceeded
and I hid with me one of its fore-legs. When we
met Allah's Apostle and asked him about the
case, he asked, 'Do you have a portion of it with
you?' I replied in the affirmative and gave him

that fleshy fore-leg which he ate completely while

he was in the state of Ihram .
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 745:
Narrated Anas:
Once Allah's Apostle visited us in this house of
ours and asked for something to drink. We
milked one of our sheep and mixed it with water
from this well of ours and gave it to him. Abu
Bakr was sitting on his left side and 'Umar in
front of him and a bedouin on his right side.
When Allah's Apostle finished, 'Umar said to
Allah's Apostle "Here is Abu Bakr." But Allah's
Apostle gave the remaining milk to the bedouin
and said twice, "The (persons on the) right side!

So, start from the right side." Anas added, "It is a

Sunna (the Prophet's traditions)" and repeated it
thrice.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 746:
Narrated Anas:
We chased a rabbit at Mar-al-Zahran and the
people ran after it but were exhausted. I
overpowered and caught it, and gave it to Abu
Talha who slaughtered it and sent its hip or two
thighs to Allah's Apostle. (The narrator confirms
that he sent two thighs). The Prophet accepted
that. (The sub-narrator asked Anas, "Did the
Prophet; eat from it?" Anas replied, "He ate from
it.")
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 747:
Narrated As-Sa'b bin Jaththama:
An onager was presented to Allah's Apostle at
the place called Al-Abwa' or Waddan, but
Allah's Apostle rejected it. When the Prophet

noticed the signs of sorrow on the giver's face he

said, "We have not rejected your gift, but we are
in the state of Ihram." (i.e. if we were not in a
state of Ihram we would have accepted your gift,
Fateh-al-Bari page 130, Vol. 6)
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 748:
Narrated Aisha:
The people used to look forward for the days of

my ('Aisha's) turn to send gifts to Allah's Apostle

in order to please him.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 749:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn Abbas said: Um Hufaid, Ibn 'Abbas's aunt
sent some dried yogurt (butter free), ghee
(butter) and a mastigar to the Prophet as a gift.
The Prophet ate the dried yogurt and butter but
left the mastigar because he disliked it. Ibn
'Abbas said, "The mastigar was eaten at the table

of Allah's Apostle and if it had been illegal to eat,

it could not have been eaten at the table of
Allah's Apostle."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 750:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Whenever a meal was brought to Allah's
Apostle, he would ask whether it was a gift or
Sadaqa (something given in charity). If he was
told that it was Sadaqa, he would tell his

companions to eat it, but if it was a gift, he would

hurry to share it with them.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 751:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Some meat was brought to the Prophet and it
was said that the meat had been given in charity
to Buraira. He said, "It was Sadaqa for Buraira
but a gift for us."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 752:
Narrated 'Aisha:
I intended to buy Buraira but her masters
stipulated that her Wala should be for them.
When the Prophet was told about it, he said to
me, "Buy and manumit her, as the Wala' is for the
liberator." Once Buraira was given some meat,

and the Prophet asked, "What is this?" I said, "It

has been given to Buraira in charity." He said, "It

is sadaqa for her but a gift for us." Buraira was
given the option (to stay with her husband or to
part with him). AbdurRahman (a sub-narrator)
wondered, "Was her husband a slave or a free
man?" Shu'ba (another sub-narrator) said, "I
asked 'Abdur-Rahman whether her husband was
a slave or a free man. He replied that he did not
know whether he was a slave or a free man."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 753:
Narrated Um 'Atiyya:
Once the Prophet went to 'Aisha and asked her
whether she had something (to eat). She said that
she had nothing except the mutton which Um
'Atiyya had sent to (Buraira) in charity. The
Prophet said that it had reached its destination
(i.e. it is no longer an object of charity.)
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 754:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The people used to send gifts to the Prophet on
the day of my turn. Um Salama said: "My
companions (the wives of the Prophet Other than
Aisha) gathered and they complained about it.
So I informed the Prophet about it on their
behalf, but he remained silent.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 755:
Narrated 'Urwa from 'Aisha:
The wives of Allah's Apostle were in two groups.
One group consisted of 'Aisha, Hafsa, Safiyya
and Sauda; and the other group consisted of Um
Salama and the other wives of Allah's Apostle.
The Muslims knew that Allah's Apostle loved

'Aisha, so if any of them had a gift and wished to

give to Allah's Apostle, he would delay it, till
Allah's Apostle had come to 'Aisha's home and
then he would send his gift to Allah's Apostle in
her home. The group of Um Salama discussed
the matter together and decided that Um Salama
should request Allah's Apostle to tell the people

to send their gifts to him in whatever wife's house

he was. Um Salama told Allah's Apostle of what
they had said, but he did not reply. Then they
(those wives) asked Um Salama about it. She
said, "He did not say anything to me." They
asked her to talk to him again. She talked to him
again when she met him on her day, but he gave
no reply. When they asked her, she replied that
he had given no reply. They said to her, "Talk to
him till he gives you a reply." When it was her

turn, she talked to him again. He then said to her,

"Do not hurt me regarding Aisha, as the Divine
Inspirations do not come to me on any of the
beds except that of Aisha." On that Um Salama

said, "I repent to Allah for hurting you." Then the

group of Um Salama called Fatima, the daughter

of Allah's Apostle and sent her to Allah's Apostle

to say to him, "Your wives request to treat them
and the daughter of Abu Bakr on equal terms."
Then Fatima conveyed the message to him. The
Prophet said, "O my daughter! Don't you love
whom I love?" She replied in the affirmative and
returned and told them of the situation. They
requested her to go to him again but she refused.
They then sent Zainab bint Jahsh who went to
him and used harsh words saying, "Your wives
request you to treat them and the daughter of Ibn
Abu Quhafa on equal terms." On that she raised
her voice and abused 'Aisha to her face so much
so that Allah's Apostle looked at 'Aisha to see
whether she would retort. 'Aisha started replying
to Zainab till she silenced her. The Prophet then
looked at 'Aisha and said, "She is really the
daughter of Abu Bakr."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 756:
Narrated 'Azra bin Thabit Al-Ansari:
When I went to Thumama bin 'Abdullah, he gave
me some perfume and said that Anas would not
reject the gifts of perfume. Anas said: The
Prophet used not to reject the gifts of perfume.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 757:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and
Marwan:
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin came
to the Prophet he stood up amongst the people,
Glorified and Praised Allah as He deserved, and
said, "Then after: Your brethren have come to

you with repentance and I see it logical to return

to them their captives; so whoever amongst you

likes to do that as a favor, then he can do it, and

whoever of you like to stick to his share till we
give him his right from the very first Fai (war
booty) (1) which Allah will bestow on us, then
(he can do so)." The people replied, "We do that
(to return the captives) willingly as a favor for
your sake."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 758:
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostles used to accept gifts and used to
give something in return.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 759:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:
that his father took him to Allah's Apostle and

said, "I have given this son of mine a slave." The

Prophet asked, "Have you given all your sons the
like?" He replied in the negative. The Prophet
said, "Take back your gift then."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 760:
Narrated 'Amir:
I heard An-Nu'man bin Bashir on the pulpit
saying, "My father gave me a gift but 'Amra bint
Rawaha (my mother) said that she would not
agree to it unless he made Allah's Apostle as a
witness to it. So, my father went to Allah's
Apostle and said, 'I have given a gift to my son
from 'Amra bint Rawaha, but she ordered me to
make you as a witness to it, O Allah's Apostle!'
Allah's Apostle asked, 'Have you given (the like

of it) to everyone of your sons?' He replied in the

negative. Allah's Apostle said, 'Be afraid of
Allah, and be just to your children.' My father
then returned and took back his gift."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 761:
Narrated Az-Zuhari:
Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah told me that 'Aisha had
said, "When the Prophet became sick and his
condition became serious, he requested his wives
to allow him to be treated in my house, and they
allowed him. He came out leaning on two men
while his feet were dragging on the ground. He
was walking between Al-'Abbas and another
man." 'Ubaidullah said, "When I informed Ibn
'Abbas of what 'Aisha had said, he asked me
whether I knew who was the second man whom
'Aisha had not named. I replied in the negative.
He said, 'He was 'Ali bin Abi Talib."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 762:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet said, "One
who takes back his gift (which he has already
given) is like a dog that swallows its vomit."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 763:
Narrated Asma:
Once I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have no
property except what has been given to me by
Az-Zubair (i.e. her husband). May I give in
charity?" The Prophet said, "Give in charity and

do not withhold it; otherwise Allah will withhold it

back from you . "
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 764:
Narrated Asma:
Allah's Apostle said, "Give (in charity) and do

not give reluctantly lest Allah should give you in a

limited amount; and do not withhold your money
lest Allah should withhold it from you."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 765:
Narrated Kurib:
the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas, that Maimuna bint
Al-Harith told him that she manumitted a
slave-girl without taking the permission of the
Prophet. On the day when it was her turn to be
with the Prophet, she said, "Do you know, O
Allah's Apostle, that I have manumitted my
slave-girl?" He said, "Have you really?" She
replied in the affirmative. He said, "You would
have got more reward if you had given her (i.e.
the slave-girl) to one of your maternal uncles."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 766:
Narrated Aisha:
Whenever Allah's Apostle wanted to go on a
journey, he would draw lots as to which of his
wives would accompany him. He would take her
whose name came out. He used to fix for each of
them a day and a night. But Sauda bint Zam'a
gave up her (turn) day and night to 'Aisha, the
wife of the Prophet in order to seek the pleasure
of Allah's Apostle (by that action).
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 767:
Narrated Aisha:
I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have two neighbors;
which of them should I give a gift to?" The
Prophet said, "(Give) to the one whose door is
nearer to you."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 768:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
That he heard As-Sa'b bin Jaththama Al-Laithi,
who was one of the companions of the Prophet,
saying that he gave the meat of an onager to
Allah's Apostle while he was at a place called
Al-Abwa' or Waddan, and was in a state of
Ihram. The Prophet did not accept it. When the
Prophet saw the signs of sorrow on As-Sa'b's

face because of not accepting his present, he said

(to him), "We are not returning your present, but
we are in the state of Ihram." (See Hadith No.
747)
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 769:
Narrated Abu Humaid Al-Sa'idi:
The Prophet appointed a man from the tribe of
Al-Azd, called Ibn 'Utbiyya for collecting the
Zakat. When he returned he said, "This (i.e. the
Zakat) is for you and this has been given to my
as a present." The Prophet said, "Why hadn't he
stayed in his father's or mother's house to see
whether he would be given presents or not? By
Him in Whose Hands my life is, whoever takes
something from the resources of the Zakat

(unlawfully) will be carrying it on his neck on the

Day of Resurrection; if it be a camel, it will be
grunting; if a cow, it will be mooing; and if a
sheep, it will be bleating." The Prophet then
raised his hands till we saw the whiteness of his
armpits, and he said thrice, "O Allah! Haven't I
conveyed Your Message (to them)?"
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 770:
Narrated Jabir:
The Prophet said to me, "I will give you so much
(the Prophet pointed thrice with his hands) when
funds of Bahrain will come to me." But the
Prophet died before the money reached him.
(When it came) Abu Bakr ordered an announcer
to announce that whoever had a money claim on
the Prophet or was promised to be given
something, should come to Abu Bakr. I went to
Abu Bakr and told him that the Prophet had
promised to give me so much. On that Abu Bakr
gave me three handfuls (of money).
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 771:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:
Allah's Apostle distributed some cloaks but did
not give anything thereof to Makhrama.
Makhrama said (to me), "O son! accompany me
to Allah's Apostle." When I went with him, he
said, "Call him to me." I called him (i.e. the
Prophet ) for my father. He came out wearing
one of those cloaks and said, "We kept this
(cloak) for you, (Makhrama)." Makhrama
looked at the cloak and said, "Makhrama is
pleased," (or the Prophet said), "Is Makhrama
pleased?"
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 772:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to Allah's Apostle and said, "I am
ruined." The Prophet asked, "What do you
mean?" He said, "I had a sexual intercourse with
my wife during Ramadan (while fasting)." The
Prophet asked him, "Can you manumit a slave?"
He replied in the negative. He then asked him,
"Can you fast for two successive months
continuously" He replied in the negative. The
Prophet then asked him, "Can you feed sixty
poor persons?" He replied in the negative. In the
meantime an Ansari came with a basket full of
dates. The Prophet said to the man, "Take it and

give it in charity (as an expiation of your sin)."

The man said "Should I give it to some people
who are poorer than we O Allah's Apostle? By
Him Who has sent you with the Truth, there is no
family between Medina's two mountains poorer
than we." Allah's Apostle told him to take it and
provide his family with it."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 773:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
My father was martyred on the day (of the
battle) of Uhud and his creditors demanded the
debt back in a harsh manner. So I went to
Allah's Apostle and informed him of that, he
asked them to accept the fruits of my garden and
excuse my father, but they refused. So, Allah's
Apostle did not give them the fruits, nor did he
cut them and distribute them among them, but
said, "I will come to you tomorrow morning." So,
he came to us the next morning and walked
about in between the date-palms and invoked

Allah to bless their fruits. I plucked the fruits and

gave back all the rights of the creditors in full,

and a lot of fruits were left for us. Then I went to

Allah's Apostle, who was sitting, and informed
him about what happened. Allah's Apostle told
'Umar, who was sitting there, to listen to the
story. 'Umar said, "Don't we know that you are
Allah's Apostle? By Allah! you are Allah's
Apostle!"
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 774:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
A drink (milk mixed with water) was brought to
the Prophet who drank some of it while a boy
was sitting on his right and old men on his left.
The Prophet said to the boy, "If you permit me,

I'll give (the rest of the drink to) these old men

first." The boy said, "I will not give preference to

any one over me as regards my share from you,
O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet then put that
container in the boy's hand. (See Hadith No.
541).
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 775:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
I sold a camel to the Prophet on one of the
journeys. When we reached Medina, he ordered
me to go to the Mosque and offer two Rakat.
Then he weighed for me (the price of the camel
in gold) and gave an extra amount over it. A part
of it remained with me till it was taken by the
army of Sham on the day of Harra."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 776:
Narrated Shal bin Sad:
A drink (of milk and water) was brought to
Allah's Apostle while a boy was sitting on his
right side and old men were sitting on his left
side. He asked the boy, "Will you allow me to
give it to these (people)?" The boy said, "No, by
Allah, I will not allow anyone to take my right
from you." Then the Prophet put the bowl in the
boy's hand.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 777:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle owed a man some debt (and that
man demanded it very harshly). The companions
of the Prophet wanted to harm him, but the
Prophet said to them, "Leave him, as the creditor
has the right to speak harshly." He then added,
"Buy (a camel) of the same age and give it to
him." They said, "We cannot get except a camel

of an older age than that of his." He said, "Buy it

and give it to him, as the best amongst you is he
who pays back his debt in the most handsome
way.'
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 778:
Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam and Al-Miswar
bin Makhrama:
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin came
to the Prophet they requested him to return their
property and their captives. He said to them,
"This concerns also other people along with me
as you see, and the best statement to me is the
true one, so you may choose one of two
alternatives; either the captives or the property
and (I have not distributed the booty for) I have
been waiting for you."
When the Prophet had returned from Ta'if, he
waited for them for more than ten nights. When
they came to know that the Prophet would not
return except one of the two, they chose their
captives. The Prophet then stood up amongst the
Muslims, Glorified and Praised Allah as He
deserved, and then said, "Then after: These
brothers of yours have come to you with
repentance and I see it proper to return their
captives, so whoever amongst you likes to do

that as a favor, then he can do it, and whoever of

you wants to stick to his share till we pay him
from the very first Fai (i.e. war booty) which

Allah will give us, then he can do so." The people

said, "We return (the captives) to them willingly
as a favor, O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet said,
"I do not know who of you has given his consent
and who has not; so go back and your leaders
may present your decision to me." The people
went away, and their leaders discussed the
matter with them, and then came to the Prophet

to tell him that all of them had given their consent

(to return the captives) willingly. (Az-Zuhn, the
sub-narrator said, "This is what we know about
the captives, of Hawazin.")
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 779:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: That the people sitting with

that person will be his co-owners. But this report

is not confirmed by an authentic narration. (Refer

to Hadith 778)
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 780:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet took a camel of special age from
somebody on credit. Its owner came and
demanded it back (harshly). The Prophet said,
"No doubt, he who has a right, can demand it."
Then the Prophet gave him an older camel than
his camel and said, "The best amongst you is he
who repays his debts in the most handsome
way."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 781:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
That he was in the company of the Prophet on a
journey, riding a troublesome camel belonging to
'Umar. The camel used to go ahead of the
Prophet, so Ibn 'Umar's father would say, "O
'Abdullah! No one should go ahead of the
Prophet." The Prophet said to him, "Sell it to
me." 'Umar said to the Prophet "It is for you."

So, he bought it and said, "O 'Abdullah! It is for

you, and you can do with it what you like."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 782:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Umar bin Al-Khattab saw a silken dress (cloak)
being sold at the gate of the Mosque and said,
"O Allah's Apostle! Would that you buy it and
wear it on Fridays and when the delegates come
to you!" Allah's Apostle said, "This is worn by
the one who will have no share in the Hereafter."
Later on some silk dresses were brought and
Allah's Apostle sent one of them to 'Umar. 'Umar
said, "How do you give me this to wear while
you said what you said about the dress of

'Utarid?" Allah's Apostle said, "I have not given it

to you to wear." So, 'Umar gave it to a pagan
brother of his in Mecca.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 783:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Once the Prophet went to the house of Fatima
but did not enter it. 'Ali came and she told him
about that. When 'All asked the Prophet about it,
he said, "I saw a (multi-colored) decorated
curtain on her door. I am not interested in
worldly things." 'Ali went to Fatima and told her
about it. Fatima said, "I am ready to dispense
with it in the way he suggests." The Prophet
ordered her to send it to such-and-such needy
people. "
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 784:
Narrated 'Ali:
The Prophet gave me a silken dress as a gift and
I wore it. When I saw the signs of anger on his

face, I cut it into pieces and distributed it among

my wives."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 785:
Narrated Anas:
A Jubba (i.e. cloak) made of thick silken cloth
was presented to the Prophet. The Prophet used
to forbid people to wear silk. So, the people
were pleased to see it. The Prophet said, "By
Him in Whose Hands Muhammad's soul is, the
handkerchiefs of Sad bin Mu'adh in Paradise are
better than this." Anas added, "The present was
sent to the Prophet by Ukaidir (a Christian) from
Dauma."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 786:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
A Jewess brought a poisoned (cooked) sheep
for the Prophet who ate from it. She was brought
to the Prophet and he was asked, "Shall we kill

her?" He said, "No." I continued to see the effect

of the poison on the palate of the mouth of
Allah's Apostle .
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 787:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr:
We were one-hundred and thirty persons
accompanying the Prophet who asked us
whether anyone of us had food. There was a
man who had about a Sa of wheat which was
mixed with water then. A very tall pagan came
driving sheep. The Prophet asked him, "Will you

sell us (a sheep) or give it as a present?" He said,

"I will sell you (a sheep)." The Prophet bought a
sheep and it was slaughtered. The Prophet
ordered that its liver and other abdominal organs
be roasted. By Allah, the Prophet gave every
person of the one-hundred-and-thirty a piece of
that; he gave all those of them who were present;
and kept the shares of those who were
absent.The Prophet then put its meat in two huge

basins and all of them ate to their fill, and even

then more food was left in the two basins which
were carried on the camel (or said something like
it).
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 788:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Umar saw a silken cloak over a man for sale and
requested the Prophet to buy it in order to wear
it on Fridays and while meeting delegates. The
Prophet said, "This is worn by the one who will
have no share in the Hereafter." Later on Allah's
Apostle got some silken cloaks similar to that
one, and he sent one to 'Umar. 'Umar said to the
Prophet "How can I wear it, while you said
about it what you said?" The Prophet said, "I

have not given it to you to wear, but to sell or to

give to someone else." So, 'Umar sent it to his
brother at Mecca before he embraced Islam.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 789:
Narrated Asma' bint Abu Bakr:
My mother came to me during the lifetime of
Allah's Apostle and she was a pagan. I said to
Allah's Apostle (seeking his verdict), "My mother
has come to me and she desires to receive a
reward from me, shall I keep good relations with
her?" The Prophet said, "Yes, keep good relation
with her. "
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 790:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet said, "He who takes back his
present is like him who swallows his vomit."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 791:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet said, "The bad example is not for
us. He who takes back his present is like a dog
that swallows back its vomit."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 792:
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
I gave a horse in Allah's Cause. The person to
whom it was given, did not look after it. I
intended to buy it from him, thinking that he
would sell it cheap. When I asked the Prophet he

said, "Don't buy it, even if he gives it to you for

one Dirham, as the person who takes back what

he has given in charity, is like a dog that swallows

back its vomit."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 793:
Narrated Jabir: The Prophet gave the verdict that
'Umra is for the one to whom it is presented.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 794:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Umra is permissible." Ata
said, "Jabir narrated the same to me from the
Prophet."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 795:
Narrated Anas:
Once the people of Medina were frightened, so
the Prophet borrowed a horse from Abu Talha
called Al-Mandub, and rode it. When he came
back he said, "We have not seen anything (to be

afraid of), but the horse was very fast (having an

energy as inexhaustible as the water of the sea)."

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 796:
Narrated Aiman:
I went to 'Aisha and she was wearing a coarse
dress costing five Dirhams. 'Aisha said, "Look up
and see my slave-girl who refuses to wear it in
the house though during the lifetime of Allah's
Apostle I had a similar dress which no woman
desiring to appear elegant (before her husband)
failed to borrow from me."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 797:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "What a good Maniha (the
she-camel which has recently given birth and
which gives profuse milk) is, and (what a good
Maniha) (the sheep which gives profuse milk, a
bowl in the morning and another in the evening)
is!"
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 798:
Narrated Malik:
Maniha is a good deed of charity.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 799:
Narrated Ibn Shihab Az-Zuhri:
Anas bin Malik said, "When the emigrants came
Medina, they had nothing whereas the Ansar had
land and property. The Ansar gave them their
land on condition that the emigrants would give
them half the yearly yield and work on the land
and provide the necessaries for cultivation." His
(i.e. Anas's mother who was also the mother of
'Abdullah bin Abu Talha, gave some date-palms
to Allah' Apostle who gave them to his freed
slave-girl (Um Aiman) who was also the mother
of Usama bin Zaid. When the Prophet finished
from the fighting against the people of Khaibar
and returned to Medina, the emigrants returned
to the Ansar the fruit gifts which the Ansar had
given them. The Prophet also returned to Anas's
mother the date-pallms. Allah's Apostle gave Um
Aiman other trees from his garden in lieu of the
old gift.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 800:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
That Allah's Apostle said, "There are forty
virtuous deeds and the best of them is the
Maniha of a she-goat, and anyone who does one
of these virtuous deeds hoping for Allah's reward

with firm confidence that he will get it, then Allah

will make him enter Paradise because of Hassan
(a sub-narrator) said, "We tried to count those
good deeds below the Maniha; we mentioned
replying to the sneezer, removing harmful things
from the road, etc., but we failed to count even
fifteen."
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 801:
Narrated Jabir:
Some men had superfluous land and they said
that they would give it to others to cultivate on
the condition that they would get one-third or
one-fourth or one half of its yield. The Prophet
said, "Whoever has land should cultivate it
himself or give it to his brother or keep it
uncultivated."
Narrated Abu Said: A bedouin came to the
Prophet and asked him about emigration. The
Prophet said to him, "May Allah be merciful to
you. The matter of emigration is difficult. Have
you got some camels?" He replied in the
affirmative. The Prophet asked him, "Do you pay
their Zakat?" He replied in the affirmative. He
asked, "Do you lend them so that their milk may
be utilized by others?" The bedouin said, "Yes."
The Prophet asked, "Do you milk them on the
day off watering them?" He replied, "Yes." The
Prophet said, "Do good deeds beyond the
merchants (or the sea) and Allah will never
disregard any of your deeds." (See Hadith No.
260, Vol. 5)
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 802:
Narrated Tawus:
That he was told by the most learned one
amongst them (i.e. Ibn Abbas) that the Prophet
went towards some land which was flourishing
with vegetation and asked to whom it belonged.
He was told that such and such a person took it
on rent. The Prophet said, "It would have been
better (for the owner) if he had given it to him
gratis rather than charging him a fixed rent.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 803:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The Prophet Abraham
migrated with Sarah. The people (of the town
where they migrated) gave her Ajar (i.e. Hajar).
Sarah returned and said to Abraham, "Do you
know that Allah has humiliated that pagan and he
has given a slave-girl for my service?"
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 804:
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khatab:

Once I gave a horse (for riding) in Allah's Cause.

Later I saw it being sold. I asked Allah's Apostle

(whether I could buy it). He said, "Don't buy it,
for you should not get back what you have given
in charity."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 48:
Witnesses
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 805:
Narrated Urwa bin Al-Musayyab, Alqama bin
Waqqas and Ubaidullah bin Abdullah:
About the story of 'Aisha and their narrations
were similar attesting each other, when the liars
said what they invented about 'Aisha, and the
Divine Inspiration was delayed, Allah's Apostle
sent for 'Ali and Usama to consult them in
divorcing his wife (i.e. 'Aisha). Usama said,
"Keep your wife, as we know nothing about her
except good." Buraira said, "I cannot accuse her

of any defect except that she is still a young girl

who sleeps, neglecting her family's dough which
the domestic goats come to eat (i.e. she was too
simpleminded to deceive her husband)." Allah's
Apostle said, "Who can help me to take revenge
over the man who has harmed me by defaming
the reputation of my family? By Allah, I have not
known about my family-anything except good,
and they mentioned (i.e. accused) a man about
whom I did not know anything except good."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 806:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle and Ubai bin Kab Al-Ansari
went to the garden where Ibn Saiyad used to
live. When Allah's Apostle entered (the garden),
he (i.e. Allah's Apostle ) started hiding himself
behind the datepalms as he wanted to hear
secretly the talk of Ibn Saiyad before the latter
saw him. Ibn Saiyad wrapped with a soft
decorated sheet was lying on his bed murmuring.
Ibn Saiyad's mother saw the Prophet hiding
behind the stems of the date-palms. She
addressed Ibn Saiyad saying, "O Saf, this is
Muhammad." Hearing that Ibn Saiyad stopped

murmuring (or got cautious), the Prophet said, "If

she had left him undisturbed, he would have
revealed his reality." (See Hadith No. 290, Vol 4
for details)
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 807:
Narrated Aisha:
The wife of Rifa'a Al-Qurazi came to the Prophet

and said, "I was Rifa'a's wife, but he divorced me

and it was a final irrevocable divorce. Then I
married AbdurRahman bin Az-Zubair but he is
impotent." The Prophet asked her 'Do you want
to remarry Rifa'a? You cannot unless you had a
complete sexual relation with your present
husband." Abu Bakr was sitting with Allah's
Apostle and Khalid bin Said bin Al-'As was at
the door waiting to be admitted. He said, "O
Abu Bakr! Do you hear what this (woman) is
revealing frankly before the Prophet ?"
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 808:
Narrated Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika from 'Uqba
bin Al-Harith:
Uqba married the daughter of Abu Ihab bin Aziz,
and then a woman came and said, "I suckled
'Uqba and his wife." 'Uqba said to her, "I do not
know that you have suckled me, and you did not
inform me." He then sent someone to the house
of Abu Ihab to enquire about that but they did
not know that she had suckled their daughter.
Then 'Uqba went to the Prophet in Medina and
asked him about it. The Prophet said to him,
"How (can you keep your wife) after it has been
said (that both of you were suckled by the same
woman)?" So, he divorced her and she was
married to another (husband).
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 809:
Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
People were (sometimes) judged by the revealing
of a Divine Inspiration during the lifetime of
Allah's Apostle but now there is no longer any
more (new revelation). Now we judge you by
the deeds you practice publicly, so we will trust
and favor the one who does good deeds in front
of us, and we will not call him to account about
what he is really doing in secret, for Allah will

judge him for that; but we will not trust or believe

the one who presents to us with an evil deed
even if he claims that his intentions were good.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 810:
Narrated Anas:
A funeral procession passed in front of the
Prophet and the people praised the deceased.
The Prophet said, "It has been affirmed
(Paradise)." Then another funeral procession
passed by and the people talked badly of the
deceased. The Prophet said, "It has been
affirmed (Hell)." Allah's Apostle was asked, "O

Allah's Apostle! You said it has been affirmed for

both?" The Prophet said, "The testimony of the
people (is accepted), (for) the believer are
Allah's witnesses on the earth."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 811:
Narrated Abu Al-Aswad:
Once I went to Medina where there was an
outbreak of disease and the people were dying
rapidly. I was sitting with 'Umar and a funeral
procession passed by. The people praised the
deceased. 'Umar said, "It has been affirmed"
(Paradise). Then another funeral procession
passed by. The people praised the deceased.
'Umar said, "It has been affirmed." (Paradise).
Then another funeral procession passed by. The
people praised the deceased. 'Umar said, "It has
been affirmed (Paradise)." Then a third funeral
procession passed by and the people talked
badly of the deceased. 'Umar said, "It has been
affirmed (Hell)." I asked Umar, "O chief of the
believers! What has been affirmed?" He said, "I
have said what the Prophet said. He said, 'Allah
will admit into paradise any Muslim whose good
character is attested by four persons.' We asked

the Prophet, 'If there were three witnesses only?'

He said, 'Even three.' We asked, 'If there were
two only?' He said, 'Even two.' But we did not
ask him about one witness."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 812:
Narrated Aisha:
Aflah asked the permission to visit me but I did
not allow him. He said, "Do you veil yourself
before me although I am your uncle?" 'Aisha
said, "How is that?" Aflah replied, "You were
suckled by my brother's wife with my brother's
milk." I asked Allah's Apostle about it, and he

said, "Allah is right, so permit him to visit you."

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 813:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet said about Hamza's daughter, "I am
not legally permitted to marry her, as foster
relations are treated like blood relations (in

marital affairs). She is the daughter of my foster

brother."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 814:
Narrated Amra bint 'Abdur-Rahman:

That 'Aisha the wife of the Prophet told her uncle

that once, while the Prophet was in her house,
she heard a man asking Hafsa's permission to
enter her house. 'Aisha said, "I said, 'O Allah's

Apostle! I think the man is Hafsa's foster uncle.' "

'Aisha added, "O Allah's Apostle! There is a man
asking the permission to enter your house."
Allah's Apostle replied, "I think the man is
Hafsa's foster uncle." 'Aisha said, "If so-and-so
were living (i.e. her foster uncle) would he be
allowed to visit me?" Allah's Apostle said, "Yes,

he would, as the foster relations are treated like

blood relations (in marital affairs)."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 815:
Narrated Aisha:
Once the Prophet came to me while a man was
in my house. He said, "O 'Aisha! Who is this
(man)?" I replied, "My foster brothers" He said,
"O 'Aisha! Be sure about your foster brothers, as
fostership is only valid if it takes place in the
suckling period (before two years of age)."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 816:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
A woman committed theft in the Ghazwa of the
Conquest (of Mecca) and she was taken to the
Prophet who ordered her hand to be cut off.
'Aisha said, "Her repentance was perfect and she
was married (later) and used to come to me
(after that) and I would present her needs to
Allah's Apostle."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 817:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid:
Allah's Apostle ordered that an unmarried man
who committed illegal sexual intercourse be
scourged one hundred lashes and sent into exile
for one year.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 818:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:
My mother asked my father to present me a gift
from his property; and he gave it to me after
some hesitation. My mother said that she would
not be satisfied unless the Prophet was made a

witness to it. I being a young boy, my father held

me by the hand and took me to the Prophet . He
said to the Prophet, "His mother, bint Rawaha,
requested me to give this boy a gift." The
Prophet said, "Do you have other sons besides
him?" He said, "Yes." The Prophet said, "Do not
make me a witness for injustice." Narrated
Ash-Shabi that the Prophet said, "I will not
become a witness for injustice."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 819:
Narrated Zahdam bin Mudrab:
I heard Imran bin Husain saying, "The Prophet
said, 'The best people are those living in my
generation, then those coming after them, and
then those coming after (the second generation)."
Imran said "I do not know whether the Prophet
mentioned two or three generations after your
present generation. The Prophet added, 'There
will be some people after you, who will be
dishonest and will not be trustworthy and will
give witness (evidences) without being asked to

give witness, and will vow but will not fulfill their

vows, and fatness will appear among them."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 820:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "The people of my generation
are the best, then those who follow them, and

then whose who follow the latter. After that there

will come some people whose witness will go
ahead of their oaths, and their oaths will go
ahead of their witness." Ibrahim (a sub-narrator)
said, "We used to be beaten for taking oaths by
saying, 'I bear witness by the Name of Allah or
by the Covenant of Allah."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 821:
Narrated Anas:
The Prophet was asked about the great sins He
said, "They are:--
(1 ) To join others in worship with Allah,
(2) To be undutiful to one's parents.
(3) To kill a person (which Allah has forbidden
to kill) (i.e. to commit the crime of murdering).
(4) And to give a false witness."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 822:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
The Prophet said thrice, "Should I inform you out
the greatest of the great sins?" They said, "Yes,
O Allah's Apostle!" He said, "To join others in
worship with Allah and to be undutiful to one's
parents." The Prophet then sat up after he had
been reclining (on a pillow) and said, "And I
warn you against giving a false witness, and he
kept on saying that warning till we thought he
would not stop. (See Hadith No. 7, Vol. 8)
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 823:
Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet heard a man (reciting Quran) in the
Mosque, and he said, "May Allah bestow His
Mercy upon him. No doubt, he made me
remember such-and such Verses of
such-and-such Sura which I dropped (from my
memory).
Narrated Aisha: The Prophet performed the
Tahajjud prayer in my house, and then he heard
the voice of 'Abbas who was praying in the
Mosque, and said, "O 'Aisha! Is this 'Abbad's
voice?" I said, "Yes." He said, "O Allah! Be
merciful to 'Abbas!"
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 824:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
The Prophet said, "Bilal pronounces the Adhan
when it is still night (before dawn), so eat and
drink till the next Adhan is pronounced (or till
you hear Ibn Um Maktum's Adhan)." Ibn Um
Maktum was a blind man who would not
pronounce the Adhan till he was told that it was
dawn.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 825:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:
Some outer garments were received the Prophet
and my father (Makhrama) said to me, "Let us
go to the Prophet so that he may give us
something from the garments." So, my father
stood at the door and spoke. The Prophet
recognized his voice and came out carrying a
garment and telling Makhrama the good qualities

of that garment, adding, "I have kept this for you,

I have sent this for you."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 826:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, "Isn't the witness of a woman
equal to half of that of a man?" The women said,

"Yes." He said, "This is because of the deficiency

of a woman's mind."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 827:
Narrated Uqba bin Al-Harith:
That he had married Um Yahya bint Abu Ihab.
He said. "A black slave-lady came and said, 'I
suckled you both.' I then mentioned that to the
Prophet who turned his face aside." Uqba further
said, "I went to the other side and told the
Prophet about it. He said, 'How can you (keep
her as your wife) when the lady has said that she
suckled both of you (i.e. you and your wife?)"
So, the Prophet ordered him to divorce her.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 828:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Al-Harith:
I married a woman and later on a woman came
and said, "I suckled you both." So, I went to the
Prophet (to ask him about it). He said, "How can
you (keep her as a wife) when it has been said
(that you were foster brother and sister)? Leave
(divorce) her.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 829:
Narrated Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) "Whenever Allah's
Apostle intended to go on a journey, he would
draw lots amongst his wives and would take with
him the one upon whom the lot fell. During a
Ghazwa of his, he drew lots amongst us and the
lot fell upon me, and I proceeded with him after
Allah had decreed the use of the veil by women.
I was carried in a Howdah (on the camel) and

dismounted while still in it. When Allah's Apostle

was through with his Ghazwa and returned home,
and we approached the city of Medina, Allah's
Apostle ordered us to proceed at night. When

the order of setting off was given, I walked till I

was past the army to answer the call of nature.

After finishing I returned (to the camp) to depart

(with the others) and suddenly realized that my
necklace over my chest was missing. So, I
returned to look for it and was delayed because
of that. The people who used to carry me on the
camel, came to my Howdah and put it on the

back of the camel, thinking that I was in it, as, at

that time, women were light in weight, and thin
and lean, and did not use to eat much. So, those

people did not feel the difference in the heaviness

of the Howdah while lifting it, and they put it over

the camel. At that time I was a young lady. They
set the camel moving and proceeded on. I found
my necklace after the army had gone, and came
to their camp to find nobody. So, I went to the
place where I used to stay, thinking that they
would discover my absence and come back in
my search. While in that state, I felt sleepy and
slept.
Safwan bin Mu'attal As-Sulami Adh-Dhakwani
was behind the army and reached my abode in
the morning. When he saw a sleeping person, he
came to me, and he used to see me before
veiling. So, I got up when I heard him saying,
"Inna lil-lah-wa inn a ilaihi rajiun (We are for
Allah, and we will return to Him)." He made his
camel knell down. He got down from his camel,

and put his leg on the front legs of the camel and

then I rode and sat over it. Safwan set out
walking, leading the camel by the rope till we
reached the army who had halted to take rest at
midday. Then whoever was meant for
destruction, fell into destruction, (some people
accused me falsely) and the leader of the false
accusers was 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul. After
that we returned to Medina, and I became ill for
one month while the people were spreading the
forged statements of the false accusers. I was
feeling during my ailment as if I were not
receiving the usual kindness from the Prophet
which I used to receive from him when I got sick.
But he would come, greet and say, 'How is that
(girl)?' I did not know anything of what was
going on till I recovered from my ailment and
went out with Um Mistah to the Manasi where
we used to answer the call of nature, and we

used not to go to answer the call of nature except

from night to night and that was before we had
lavatories near to our houses. And this habit of

ours was similar to the habit of the old 'Arabs in

the open country (or away from houses). So. I
and Um Mistah bint Ruhm went out walking. Um
Mistah stumbled because of her long dress and
on that she said, 'Let Mistah be ruined.' I said,
'You are saying a bad word. Why are you
abusing a man who took part in (the battle of)
Badr?' She said, 'O Hanata (you there) didn't
you hear what they said?' Then she told me the
rumors of the false accusers.
My sickness was aggravated, and when I
returned home, Allah's Apostle came to me, and
after greeting he said, 'How is that (girl)?' I
requested him to allow me to go to my parents. I
wanted then to be sure of the news through them
I Allah's Apostle allowed me, and I went to my
parents and asked my mother, 'What are the
people talking about?' She said, 'O my daughter!
Don't worry much about this matter. By Allah,
never is there a charming woman loved by her
husband who has other wives, but the women
would forge false news about her.' I said,
'Glorified be Allah! Are the people really taking
of this matter?' That night I kept on weeping and
could not sleep till morning. In the morning
Allah's Apostle called Ali bin Abu Talib and
Usama bin Zaid when he saw the Divine
Inspiration delayed, to consul them about
divorcing his wife (i.e. 'Aisha). Usama bin Zaid
said what he knew of the good reputation of his
wives and added, 'O Allah's Apostle! Keep you
wife, for, by Allah, we know nothing about her
but good.' 'Ali bin Abu Talib said, 'O Allah's
Apostle! Allah has no imposed restrictions on
you, and there are many women other than she,
yet you may ask the woman-servant who will tell
you the truth.' On that Allah's Apostle called
Buraira and said, 'O Burair. Did you ever see
anything which roused your suspicions about
her?' Buraira said, 'No, by Allah Who has sent
you with the Truth, I have never seen in her
anything faulty except that she is a girl of
immature age, who sometimes sleeps and leaves
the dough for the goats to eat.' On that day
Allah's Apostle ascended the pulpit and
requested that somebody support him in
punishing 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul. Allah's
Apostle said, 'Who will support me to punish that
person ('Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul) who has
hurt me by slandering the reputation of my
family? By Allah, I know nothing about my family
but good, and they have accused a person about
whom I know nothing except good, and he never
entered my house except in my company.'
Sad bin Mu'adh got up and said, 'O Allah's

Apostle! by Allah, I will relieve you from him. If

that man is from the tribe of the Aus, then we will

chop his head off, and if he is from our brothers,

the Khazraj, then order us, and we will fulfill your

order.' On that Sad bin 'Ubada, the chief of the
Khazraj and before this incident, he had been a
pious man, got up, motivated by his zeal for his

tribe and said, 'By Allah, you have told a lie; you

cannot kill him, and you will never be able to kill

him.' On that Usaid bin Al-Hadir got up and said

(to Sad bin 'Ubada), 'By Allah! you are a liar. By

Allah, we will kill him; and you are a hypocrite,
defending the hypocrites.' On this the two tribes
of Aus and Khazraj got excited and were about
to fight each other, while Allah's Apostle was
standing on the pulpit. He got down and
quietened them till they became silent and he
kept quiet. On that day I kept on weeping so
much so that neither did my tears stop, nor could
I sleep.
In the morning my parents were with me and I
had wept for two nights and a day, till I thought
my liver would burst from weeping. While they
were sitting with me and I was weeping, an
Ansari woman asked my permission to enter,
and I allowed her to come in. She sat down and
started weeping with me. While we were in this
state, Allah's Apostle came and sat down and he
had never sat with me since the day they forged
the accusation. No revelation regarding my case
came to him for a month. He recited Tashah-hud
(i.e. None has the right to be worshipped but
Allah and Muhammad is His Apostle) and then
said, 'O 'Aisha! I have been informed
such-and-such about you; if you are innocent,

then Allah will soon reveal your innocence, and if

you have committed a sin, then repent to Allah
and ask Him to forgive you, for when a person
confesses his sin and asks Allah for forgiveness,
Allah accepts his repentance.' When Allah's
Apostle finished his speech my tears ceased
completely and there remained not even a single
drop of it. I requested my father to reply to
Allah's Apostle on my behalf. My father said, By
Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah's
Apostle.' I said to my mother, 'Talk to Allah's
Apostle on my behalf.' She said, 'By Allah, I do
not know what to say to Allah's Apostle.
I was a young girl and did not have much
knowledge of the Quran. I said. 'I know, by
Allah, that you have listened to what people are
saying and that has been planted in your minds
and you have taken it as a truth. Now, if I told
you that I am innocent and Allah knows that I am
innocent, you would not believe me and if I
confessed to you falsely that I am guilty, and
Allah knows that I am innocent you would
believe me. By Allah, I don't compare my
situation with you except to the situation of
Joseph's father (i.e. Jacob) who said, 'So (for

me) patience is most fitting against that which you

assert and it is Allah (Alone) whose help can be
sought.' Then I turned to the other side of my
bed hoping that Allah would prove my
innocence. By Allah I never thought that Allah
would reveal Divine Inspiration in my case, as I
considered myself too inferior to be talked of in
the Holy Qur'an. I had hoped that Allah's
Apostle might have a dream in which Allah
would prove my innocence. By Allah, Allah's
Apostle had not got up and nobody had left the
house before the Divine Inspiration came to
Allah's Apostle. So, there overtook him the same
state which used to overtake him, (when he used
to have, on being inspired divinely). He was
sweating so much so that the drops of the sweat
were dropping like pearls though it was a (cold)
wintry day. When that state of Allah's Apostle
was over, he was smiling and the first word he
said, 'Aisha! Thank Allah, for Allah has declared
your innocence.' My mother told me to go to

Allah's Apostle . I replied, 'By Allah I will not go

to him and will not thank but Allah.' So Allah
revealed: "Verily! They who spread the slander
are a gang among you . . ." (24.11)
When Allah gave the declaration of my
Innocence, Abu Bakr, who used to provide for
Mistah bin Uthatha for he was his relative, said,
'By Allah, I will never provide Mistah with
anything because of what he said about Aisha.'
But Allah later revealed: --
"And let not those who are good and wealthy
among you swear not to help their kinsmen,
those in need and those who left their homes in
Allah's Cause. Let them forgive and overlook.
Do you not wish that Allah should forgive you?
Verily! Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful."
(24.22) After that Abu Bakr said, 'Yes ! By
Allah! I like that Allah should forgive me,' and
resumed helping Mistah whom he used to help
before.

Allah's Apostle also asked Zainab bint Jahsh (i.e.

the Prophet's wife about me saying, 'What do
you know and what did you see?' She replied,
'O Allah's Apostle! I refrain to claim hearing or
seeing what I have not heard or seen. By Allah, I
know nothing except goodness about Aisha."
Aisha further added "Zainab was competing with
me (in her beauty and the Prophet's love), yet
Allah protected her (from being malicious), for
she had piety."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 830:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
A man praised another man in front of the
Prophet . The Prophet said to him, "Woe to you,
you have cut off your companion's neck, you
have cut off your companion's neck," repeating it
several times and then added, "Whoever
amongst you has to praise his brother should say,
'I think that he is so and so, and Allah knows
exactly the truth, and I do not confirm anybody's
good conduct before Allah, but I think him so
and so,' if he really knows what he says about
him."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 831:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
The Prophet heard someone praising another and
exaggerating in his praise. The Prophet said,
"You have ruined or cut the man's back (by
praising him so much).
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 832:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle called me to present myself in
front of him or the eve of the battle of Uhud,
while I was fourteen years of age at that time,
and he did not allow me to take part in that

battle, but he called me in front of him on the eve

of the battle of the Trench when I was fifteen

years old, and he allowed me (to join the battle)."

Nafi' said, "I went to 'Umar bin 'Abdul Aziz who
was Caliph at that time and related the above

narration to him, He said, "This age (fifteen) is the

limit between childhood and manhood," and
wrote to his governors to give salaries to those
who reached the age of fifteen.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 833:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, "Bath on Friday is compulsory
for those who have attained the age of puberty."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 834:
Narrated Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said, "If somebody takes a false
oath in order to get the property of a Muslim
(unjustly) by that oath, then Allah will be angry
with him when he will meet Him." Al-Ash'ath
informed me, "By Allah! This was said regarding
me. There was a dispute about a piece of land
between me and a man from the Jews who
denied my right. I took him to the Prophet.
Allah's Apostle asked me, 'Do you have an
evidence?' I replied in the negative. He said to
the Jew, 'Take an oath.' I said, 'O Allah's
Apostle! He will surely take an oath and take my
property unjustly." So, Allah revealed: "Verily!
Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of
Allah's covenant and their oaths . . . " (3.77)
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 835:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
Ibn 'Abbas wrote that the Prophet gave his
verdict on the basis of the defendant's oath.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 836:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) said, "Whoever takes a
(false) oath in order to grab some property
(unjustly), Allah will be angry with him when he
will meet Him. Allah confirmed that through His
Divine Revelation: "Verily! Those who purchase
a little gain at the cost of Allah's covenant and
their oaths . . . they will have a painful
punishment." (3.77)
Al-Ash'ath bin Qais came to us and asked,
'What is Abu Abdur-Rahman (i.e. 'Abdullah)
telling you? 'We told him what he was narrating
to us. He said, 'He was telling the truth; this
Divine Verse was revealed in connection with
me. There was a dispute between me and
another man about something and the case was
filed before Allah's Apostle who said, 'Produce
your two witnesses or else the defendant is to
take an oath.' I said, The defendant will surely
take a (false) oath caring for nothing.' The
Prophet said, 'Whoever takes a false oath in
order to grab (other's) property, then Allah will
be angry with him when he will meet Him.' Then
Allah revealed its confirmation. Al-Ashath then
recited the above Divine Verse." (3.77)
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 837:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Hilal bin Umaiya accused his wife before the
Prophet of committing illegal sexual intercourse
with Sharik bin Sahma.' The Prophet said,
"Produce a proof, or else you would get the legal
punishment (by being lashed) on your back."
Hilal said, "O Allah's Apostle! If anyone of us
saw another man over his wife, would he go to
search for a proof." The Prophet went on saying,
"Produce a proof or else you would get the legal
punishment (by being lashed) on your back." The
Prophet then mentioned the narration of Lian (as
in the Holy Book). (Surat-al-Nur: 24)
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 838:
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said,
"There are three persons whom Allah will neither

talk to nor look at, nor purify from (the sins), and

they will have a painful punishment. (They are):
(1) A man possessed superfluous water on a
way and he withheld it from the travelers.
(2) a man who gives a pledge of allegiance to a

Muslim ruler and gives it only for worldly gains. If

the ruler gives him what he wants, he remains

obedient to It, otherwise he does not abide by it,

and
(3) a man bargains with another man after the

Asr prayer and the latter takes a false oath in the

Name of Allah) claiming that he has been offered
so much for the thing and the former (believes
him and) buys it."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 839:
Narrated Ibn Mas'ud:
The Prophet said, "Whoever takes a (false) oath

in order to grab (others) property, then Allah will

be angry with him when he will meet Him."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 840:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet asked some people to take an oath,
and they hurried for it. The Prophet ordered that
lots should be drawn amongst them as to who
would take an oath first.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 841:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Aufa:
A man displayed some goods in the market and
took a false oath that he had been offered so
much for them though he was not offered that
amount Then the following Divine Verse was
revealed:-- "Verily! Those who purchase a little
gain at the cost of Allah's covenant and their

oaths . . . Will get painful punishment." (3.77) Ibn

Abu Aufa added, "Such person as described
above is a treacherous Riba-eater (i.e. eater of
usury).
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 842:
Narrated Abu Wail from Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "Whoever takes a false oath in
order to grab another man's (or his brother's)
property, then Allah will be angry with him when
he will meet him." Then Allah confirmed this by
revealing the Divine Verse: "Verily! Those who
purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah's
Covenant and their oaths . . . Will get painful
punishment." (3.77) Al-Ash'ath met me and
asked, "What did 'Abdullah tell you today?" I
said, "So and so." He said, "The Verse was
revealed regarding my case."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 843:
Narrated Talha bin 'Ubaidullah:
A man came to Allah's Apostle asking him about
Islam, Allah's Apostle said, "You have to offer
five compulsory prayers in a day and a night (24
hours)." The man asked, "Is there any more
compulsory prayers for me?" Allah's Apostle
said, "No, unless you like to offer Nawafil (i.e.
optional prayers)." Allah's Apostle then added,
"You have to observe fasts during the month of
Ramadan." The man said, "Am I to fast any other
days?' Allah's Apostle said, "No, unless you wish
to observe the optional fast voluntarily." Then
Allah's Apostle told him about the compulsory
Zakat. The man asked, "Do I have to give
anything besides?" Allah's Apostle said, "No,

unless you wish to give in charity voluntarily." So,

the man departed saying, "By Allah I will neither

do more nor less than that." Allah's Apostle said,

"If he has said the truth he will be successful."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 844:
Narrated Abdullah:
The Prophet said, "Whoever has to take an oath
should swear by Allah or remain silent." (i.e. He
should not swear by other than Allah.)
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 845:
Narrated Um Salama:
Once Allah's Apostle said, "You people present
your cases to me and some of you may be more
eloquent and persuasive in presenting their
argument. So, if I give some one's right to

another (wrongly) because of the latter's (tricky)

presentation of the case, I am really giving him a

piece of fire; so he should not take it."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 846:
Narrated Abdullah bin Abbas:
Abu Sufyan told me that Heraclius said to him,
"When I enquired you what he (i.e. Muhammad)
ordered you, you replied that he ordered you to
establish the prayer, to speak the truth, to be
chaste, to keep promises and to pay back
trusts." Then Heraclius added, "These are really
the qualities of a prophet."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 847:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The signs of a hypocrite
are three:
(1) whenever he speaks, he tells a lie,
(2) whenever he is entrusted, he proves to be
dishonest,
(3) whenever he promises, he breaks his
promise.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 848:
Narrated Muhammad bin Ali:
Jabir bin Abdullah said, "When the Prophet died,
Abu Bakr received some property from Al-Ala
bin Al-Hadrami. Abu Bakr said to the people,
"Whoever has a money claim on the Prophet, or
was promised something by him, should come to
us (so that we may pay him his right)." Jabir
added, "I said (to Abu Bakr), Allah's Apostle
promised me that he would give me this much,
and this much, and this much (spreading his
hands three times)." Jabir added, "Abu Bakr
counted for me and handed me five-hundred
(gold pieces), and then five-hundred, and then
five-hundred."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 849:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
A Jew from Hira asked me which one of the two
periods Musa (i.e. Prophet Moses) completed. I

said, "I don't know, (but wait) till I see the most

learned 'Arab and enquire him about it." So, I
went to Ibn 'Abbas and asked him. He replied,
"Moses completed the longer and better period."
Ibn 'Abbas added, "No doubt, an apostle of
Allah always does what he says."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 850:
Narrated Ubaidullah bin Abdullah bin Utba:
Ibn Abbas said, "O Muslims? How do you ask
the people of the Scriptures, though your Book
(i.e. the Quran) which was revealed to His
Prophet is the most recent information from Allah
and you recite it, the Book that has not been
distorted? Allah has revealed to you that the
people of the scriptures have changed with their
own hands what was revealed to them and they
have said (as regards their changed Scriptures):
This is from Allah, in order to get some worldly
benefit thereby." Ibn Abbas added: "Isn't the
knowledge revealed to you sufficient to prevent
you from asking them? By Allah I have never
seen any one of them asking (Muslims) about
what has been revealed to you."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 851:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:
The Prophet said, "The example of the person
abiding by Allah's orders and limits (or the one
who abides by the limits and regulations
prescribed by Allah) in comparison to the one
who do wrong and violate Allah's limits and
orders is like the example of people drawing lots

for seats in a boat. Some of them got seats in the

upper part while the others in the lower part ;
those in the, lower part have to pass by those in
the upper one to get water, and that troubled the
latter. One of them (i.e. the people in the lower
part) took an axe and started making a hole in
the bottom of the boat. The people of the upper
part came and asked him, (saying), 'What is
wrong with you?' He replied, "You have been
troubled much by my (coming up to you), and I
have to get water.' Now if they prevent him from
doing that they will save him and themselves, but

if they leave him (to do what he wants), they will

destroy him and themselves."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 852:
Narrated Um Al-Ala:
That when the Ansar drew lots as to which of the
emigrants should dwell with which of the Ansar,
the name of Uthman bin Mazun came out (to be
in their lot). Um Al-Ala further said, "Uthman
stayed with us, and we nursed him when he got
sick, but he died. We shrouded him in his
clothes, and Allah's Apostle came to our house
and I said, (addressing the dead 'Uthman), 'O
Abu As-Sa'ib! May Allah be merciful to you. I
testify that Allah has blessed you.' The Prophet
said to me, "How do you know that Allah has
blessed him?" I replied, 'I do not know O Allah's
Apostle! May my parents be sacrificed for you.'
Allah's Apostle said, 'As regards Uthman, by
Allah he has died and I really wish him every
good, yet, by Allah, although I am Allah's
Apostle, I do not know what will be done to
him.' Um Al-Ala added, 'By Allah I shall never
attest the piety of anybody after him. And what
Allah's Apostles said made me sad." Um Al-Ala
further said, "Once I slept and saw in a dream, a
flowing stream for Uthman. So I went to Allah's
Apostle and told him about it, he said, 'That is
(the symbol of) his deeds."
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 853:
Narrated Aisha:
Whenever Allah's Apostle intended to go on a
journey, he used to draw lots among his wives
and would take with him the one on whom the lot

fell. He also used to fix for everyone of his wives

a day and a night, but Sauda bint Zam'a gave her
day and night to 'Aisha, the wife of the Prophet
intending thereby to please Allah's Apostle.
Volume 3, Book 48, Number 854:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "If the people knew what is

the reward of making the call (for the prayer) and

(of being in) the first row (in the prayer), and if

they found no other way to get this privilege
except by casting lots, they would certainly cast
lots for it. If they knew the reward of the noon
prayer, they would race for it, and if they knew
the reward of the morning (i.e. Fajr) and Isha
prayers, they would present themselves for the
prayer even if they had to crawl to reach there.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 49:
Peacemaking
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 855:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
There was a dispute amongst the people of the
tribe of Bani 'Amr bin 'Auf. The Prophet went to
them along with some of his companions in order
to make peace between them. The time for the
prayer became due but the Prophet did not turn

up; Bilal pronounced the Adhan (i.e. call) for the

prayer but the Prophet did not turn up, so Bilal
went to Abu Bakr and said, "The time for the
prayer is due and the Prophet i detained, would
you lead the people in the prayer?" Abu Bakr
replied, "Yes, you wish." So, Bilal pronounced
the Iqama of the prayer and Abu Bakr went
ahead (to lead the prayer), but the Prophet came
walking among the rows till he joined the first
row. The people started clapping and they
clapped too much, and Abu Bakr used not to
look hither and thither in the prayer, but he
turned round and saw the Prophet standing
behind him. The Prophet beckoned him with his
hand to keep on praying where he was. Abu
Bakr raised his hand and praised Allah and then

retreated till he came in the (first) row, and the

Prophet went ahead and lead the people in the
prayer. When the Prophet finished the prayer, he
turned towards the people and said, "O people!
When something happens to you during the
prayer, you start clapping. Really clapping is
(permissible) for women only. If something
happens to one of you in his prayer, he should
say: 'Subhan Allah', (Glorified be Allah), for
whoever hears him (saying so) will direct his
attention towards him. O Abu Bakr! What
prevented you from leading the people in the
prayer when I beckoned to you (to continue)?"

Abu Bakr replied, "It did not befit the son of Abu

Quhafa to lead the prayer in front of the Prophet.

Volume 3, Book 49, Number 856:
Narrated Anas:
It was said to the Prophet "Would that you see
Abdullah bin Ubai." So, the Prophet went to him,
riding a donkey, and the Muslims accompanied
him, walking on salty barren land. When the
Prophet reached 'Abdullah bin Ubai, the latter
said, "Keep away from me! By Allah, the bad
smell of your donkey has harmed me." On that
an Ansari man said (to 'Abdullah), "By Allah!
The smell of the donkey of Allah's Apostle is
better than your smell." On that a man from
'Abdullah's tribe got angry for 'Abdullah's sake,
and the two men abused each other which
caused the friends of the two men to get angry,
and the two groups started fighting with sticks,
shoes and hands. We were informed that the
following Divine Verse was revealed (in this
concern):-- "And if two groups of Believers fall
to fighting then, make peace between them."
(49.9)
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 857:
Narrated Um Kulthum bint Uqba:
That she heard Allah's Apostle saying, "He who
makes peace between the people by inventing
good information or saying good things, is not a
liar."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 858:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad:
Once the people of Quba fought with each other

till they threw stones on each other. When Allah's

Apostle was informed about it, he said, "Let us
go to bring about a reconciliation between them."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 859:
Narrated Aisha:
The following Verse: If a woman fears cruelty or
desertion on her husband's part (i.e. the husband
notices something unpleasant about his wife, such
as old age or the like, and wants to divorce her,
but she asks him to keep her and provide for her
as he wishes). (4.128) "There is no blame on
them if they reconcile on such basis."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 860:
Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid
Al-Juhani:
A bedouin came and said, "O Allah's Apostle!
Judge between us according to Allah's Laws."
His opponent got up and said, "He is right. Judge
between us according to Allah's Laws." The
bedouin said, "My son was a laborer working for
this man, and he committed illegal sexual

intercourse with his wife. The people told me that

my son should be stoned to death; so, in lieu of
that, I paid a ransom of one hundred sheep and a
slave girl to save my son. Then I asked the
learned scholars who said, "Your son has to be
lashed one-hundred lashes and has to be exiled
for one year." The Prophet said, "No doubt I will
judge between you according to Allah's Laws.
The slave-girl and the sheep are to go back to
you, and your son will get a hundred lashes and
one year exile." He then addressed somebody,
"O Unais! go to the wife of this (man) and stone
her to death" So, Unais went and stoned her to
death.
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 861:
Narrated Aisha:
Allah's Apostle said, "If somebody innovates
something which is not in harmony with the

principles of our religion, that thing is rejected."

Volume 3, Book 49, Number 862:
Narrated Al-Bara bin 'Azib:
When Allah's Apostle concluded a peace treaty
with the people of Hudaibiya, Ali bin Abu Talib
wrote the document and he mentioned in it,
"Muhammad, Allah's Apostle ." The pagans said,
"Don't write: 'Muhammad, Allah's Apostle', for if
you were an apostle we would not fight with

you." Allah's Apostle asked Ali to rub it out, but

Ali said, "I will not be the person to rub it out."

Allah's Apostle rubbed it out and made peace
with them on the condition that the Prophet and
his companions would enter Mecca and stay
there for three days, and that they would enter
with their weapons in cases.
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 863:
Narrated Al-Bara:
When the Prophet intended to perform 'Umra in
the month of Dhul-Qada, the people of Mecca
did not let him enter Mecca till he settled the
matter with them by promising to stay in it for
three days only. When the document of treaty
was written, the following was mentioned: 'These
are the terms on which Muhammad, Allah's
Apostle agreed (to make peace).' They said,

"We will not agree to this, for if we believed that

you are Allah's Apostle we would not prevent
you, but you are Muhammad bin 'Abdullah." The
Prophet said, "I am Allah's Apostle and also
Muhammad bin 'Abdullah." Then he said to 'Ali,

"Rub off (the words) 'Allah's Apostle' ", but 'Ali

said, "No, by Allah, I will never rub off your
name." So, Allah's Apostle took the document
and wrote, 'This is what Muhammad bin
'Abdullah has agreed upon: No arms will be
brought into Mecca except in their cases, and
nobody from the people of Mecca will be

allowed to go with him (i.e. the Prophet ) even if

he wished to follow him and he (the Prophet )
will not prevent any of his companions from
staying in Mecca if the latter wants to stay.'
When the Prophet entered Mecca and the time
limit passed, the Meccans went to 'Ali and said,

"Tell your Friend (i.e. the Prophet ) to go out, as

the period (agreed to) has passed." So, the
Prophet went out of Mecca. The daughter of
Hamza ran after them (i.e. the Prophet and his
companions), calling, "O Uncle! O Uncle!" 'Ali
received her and led her by the hand and said to
Fatima, "Take your uncle's daughter." Zaid and
Ja'far quarrel ed about her. 'Ali said, "I have
more right to her as she is my uncle's daughter."
Ja'far said, "She is my uncle's daughter, and her
aunt is my wife." Zaid said, "She is my brother's
daughter." The Prophet judged that she should
be given to her aunt, and said that the aunt was
like the mother. He then said to 'All, "You are
from me and I am from you", and said to Ja'far,
"You resemble me both in character and
appearance", and said to Zaid, "You are our
brother (in faith) and our freed slave."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 864:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle set out for the 'Umra but the
pagans of Quraish prevented him from reaching
the Ka'ba. So, he slaughtered his sacrifice and
got his head shaved at Al-Hudaibiya, and agreed
with them that he would perform 'Umra the
following year and would not carry weapons
except swords and would not stay in Mecca
except for the period they al lowed. So, the
Prophet performed the 'Umra in the following
year and entered Mecca according to the treaty,
and when he stayed for three days, the pagans
ordered him to depart, and he departed.
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 865:
Narrated Sahl bin Abu Hathma:
Abdullah bin Sahl and Muhaiyisa bin Mas'ud bin
Zaid went to Khaibar when it had a peace treaty
(with the Muslims).
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 866:
Narrated Anas:
Ar-Rabi, the daughter of An-Nadr broke the
tooth of a girl, and the relatives of Ar-Rabi'
requested the girl's relatives to accept the Irsh
(compensation for wounds etc.) and forgive (the
offender), but they refused. So, they went to the
Prophet who ordered them to bring about
retaliation. Anas bin An-Nadr asked, "O Allah";
Apostle! Will the tooth of Ar-Rabi' be broken?
No, by Him Who has sent you with the Truth,
her tooth will not be broken." The Prophet said,
"O Anas! Allah"; law ordains retaliation." Later
the relatives of the girl agreed and forgave her.
The Prophet said, "There are some of Allah's
slaves who, if they take an oath by Allah, are

responded to by Allah i.e. their oath is fulfilled).

Anas added, "The people agreed and accepted
the Irsh."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 867:
Narrated Al-Hasan Al-Basri:
By Allah, Al-Hasan bin Ali led large battalions
like mountains against Muawiya. Amr bin Al-As
said (to Muawiya), "I surely see battalions which

will not turn back before killing their opponents."

Muawiya who was really the best of the two men
said to him, "O 'Amr! If these killed those and
those killed these, who would be left with me for
the jobs of the public, who would be left with me
for their women, who would be left with me for
their children?" Then Muawiya sent two Quraishi
men from the tribe of 'Abd-i-Shams called
'Abdur Rahman bin Sumura and Abdullah bin
'Amir bin Kuraiz to Al-Hasan saying to them,
"Go to this man (i.e. Al-Hasan) and negotiate
peace with him and talk and appeal to him." So,
they went to Al-Hasan and talked and appealed
to him to accept peace. Al-Hasan said, "We, the
offspring of 'Abdul Muttalib, have got wealth and
people have indulged in killing and corruption
(and money only will appease them)." They said
to Al-Hasan, "Muawiya offers you so and so,
and appeals to you and entreats you to accept
peace." Al-Hasan said to them, "But who will be
responsible for what you have said?" They said,
"We will be responsible for it." So, what-ever
Al-Hasan asked they said, "We will be
responsible for it for you." So, Al-Hasan
concluded a peace treaty with Muawiya.
Al-Hasan (Al-Basri) said: I heard Abu Bakr
saying, "I saw Allah's Apostle on the pulpit and
Al-Hasan bin 'Ali was by his side. The Prophet
was looking once at the people and once at
Al-Hasan bin 'Ali saying, 'This son of mine is a
Saiyid (i.e. a noble) and may Allah make peace
between two big groups of Muslims through
him."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 868:
Narrated Aisha:
Once Allah's Apostle heard the loud voices of
some opponents quarreling at the door. One of
them was appealing to the other to deduct his
debt and asking him to be lenient but the other
was saying, "By Allah I will not do so." Allah's
Apostle went out to them and said, "Who is the
one who was swearing by Allah that he would
not do a favor?" That man said, "I am that
person, O Allah's Apostle! I will give my
opponent whatever he wishes."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 869:
Narrated Abdullah bin Kab bin Malik from Kab
bin Malik:
Abdullah bin Abu Hadrad Al-Aslami owed Kab
bin Malik some money. One day the latter met
the former and demanded his right, and their
voices grew very loud. The Prophet passed by
them and said, "O Ka'b," beckoning with his
hand as if intending to say, "Deduct half the
debts." So, Kab took half what the other owed
him and remitted the other half.
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 870:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "There is a Sadaqa to be
given for every joint of the human body; and for
every day on which the sun rises there is a
reward of a Sadaqa (i.e. charitable gift) for the
one who establishes justice among people."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 871:
Narrated Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
Az-Zubair told me that he quarrelled with an
Ansari man who had participated in (the battle

of) Badr in front of Allah's Apostle about a water

stream which both of them used for irrigation.
Allah's Apostle said to Az-Zubair, "O Zubair!

Irrigate (your garden) first, and then let the water

flow to your neighbor." The Ansari became angry
and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Is it because he is
your cousin?" On that the complexion of Allah's
Apostle changed (because of anger) and said (to
Az-Zubair), "I irrigate (your garden) and then
with-hold the water till it reaches the walls
(surrounding the palms)." So, Allah's Apostle

gave Az-Zubair his full right. Before that Allah's

Apostle had given a generous judgment beneficial
for Az-Zubair and the Ansari, but when the
Ansan irritated Allah's Apostle he gave
Az-Zubair his full right according to the evident
law. Az-Zubair said, "By Allah ! I think the
following Verse was revealed concerning that
case: "But no by your Lord They can have No
faith Until they make you judge In all disputes
between them." (4.65)
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 872:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
My father died and was in debt. I suggested that
his creditors take the fruits (i.e. dates) of my
garden in lieu of the debt of my father, but they
refused the offer, as they thought that it would

not cover the full debt. So, I went to the Prophet

and told him about it. He said (to me), "When
you pluck the dates and collect them in the
Mirbad (i.e. a place where dates are dried), call
me (Allah's Apostle)." Finally he came
accompanied by Abu Bakr and 'Umar and sat on
the dates and invoked Allah to bless them. Then
he said, "Call your creditors and give them their

full rights." So, I paid all my father's creditors in

full and yet thirteen extra Wasqs of dates
remained, seven of which were 'Ajwa and six
were Laun or six of which were Ajwa and seven
were Laun. I met Allah's Apostle at sunset and
informed him about it. On that he smiled and
said, "Go to Abu Bakr and 'Umar and tell them
about it." They said, "We perceived that was
going to happen, as Allah's Apostle did what he
did."
Volume 3, Book 49, Number 873:
Narrated Abdullah bin Kab:
That Ka'b bin Malik told him that in the lifetime
of Allah's Apostle he demanded his debt from
Ibn Abu Hadrad in the Mosque. Their voices
grew louder till Allah's Apostle heard them while

he was in his house. So he lifted the curtain of his

room and called Ka'b bin Malik saying, "O
Ka'b!" He replied, "Labbaik! O Allah's Apostle!"
He beckoned to him with his hand suggesting that
he deduct half the debt. Ka'b said, "I agree, O
Allah's Apostle!" Allah's Apostle then said (to
Ibn Abu Hadrad), "Get up and pay him the rest."
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 50:
Conditions
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 874:
Narrated Marwan and al-Miswar bin
Makhrama:
(from the companions of Allah's Apostle) When
Suhail bin Amr agreed to the Treaty (of
Hudaibiya), one of the things he stipulated then,
was that the Prophet should return to them (i.e.
the pagans) anyone coming to him from their
side, even if he was a Muslim; and would not
interfere between them and that person. The
Muslims did not like this condition and got

disgusted with it. Suhail did not agree except with

that condition. So, the Prophet agreed to that
condition and returned Abu Jandal to his father
Suhail bin 'Amr. Thenceforward the Prophet

returned everyone in that period (of truce) even if

he was a Muslim. During that period some
believing women emigrants including Um
Kalthum bint Uqba bin Abu Muait who came to
Allah's Apostle and she was a young lady then.
Her relative came to the Prophet and asked him
to return her, but the Prophet did not return her
to them for Allah had revealed the following
Verse regarding women:
"O you who believe! When the believing women
come to you as emigrants. Examine them, Allah
knows best as to their belief, then if you know
them for true believers, Send them not back to

the unbelievers, (for) they are not lawful (wives)

for the disbelievers, Nor are the unbelievers
lawful (husbands) for them (60.10)
Narrated 'Urwa: Aisha told me, "Allah's Apostle
used to examine them according to this Verse:
"O you who believe! When the believing women

come to you, as emigrants test them . . . for Allah

is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (60.10-12)
Aisha said, "When any of them agreed to that
condition Allah's Apostle would say to her, 'I
have accepted your pledge of allegiance.' He
would only say that, but, by Allah he never
touched the hand of any women (i.e. never
shook hands with them) while taking the pledge
of allegiance and he never took their pledge of
allegiance except by his words (only)."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 875:
Narrated Jarir:
When I gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah's
Apostle and he stipulated that I should give good
advice to every Muslim.
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 876:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:

I gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle

for offering the prayers perfectly paying the
Zakat and giving good advice to every Muslim.
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 877:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:

Allah's Apostle said, "If someone sells pollinated

date-palms, their fruits will be for the seller,
unless the buyer stipulates the contrary."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 878:
Narrated Urwa:
Aisha told me that Buraira came to seek her help
in writing for emancipation and at that time she

had not paid any part of her price. 'Aisha said to

her, "Go to your masters and if they agree that I
will pay your price (and free you) on condition
that your Wala' will be for me, I will pay the
money." Buraira told her masters about that, but
they refused, and said, "If 'Aisha wants to do a
favor she could, but your Wala will be for us."
Aisha informed Allah's Apostle of that and he
said to her, "Buy and manumit Buraira as the
Wala' will go to the manumitted."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 879:
Narrated Jabir:
While I was riding a (slow) and tired camel, the
Prophet passed by and beat it and prayed for

Allah's Blessings for it. The camel became so fast

as it had never been before. The Prophet then
said, "Sell it to me for one Uqiyya (of gold)." I
said, "No." He again said, "Sell it to me for one

Uqiyya (of gold)." I sold it and stipulated that I

should ride it to my house. When we reached
(Medina) I took that camel to the Prophet and he

gave me its price. I returned home but he sent for

me (and when I went to him) he said, "I will not
take your camel. Take your camel as a gift for
you." (Various narrations are mentioned here

with slight variations in expressions relating the

condition that Jabir had the right to ride the sold

camel up to Medina).
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 880:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Ansar said to the Prophet, "Divide our
date-palms between us and our emigrant
brothers." The Prophet said, "No." The Ansar
said to the emigrants, "You may do the labor (in
our gardens) and we will share the fruits with
you." The emigrants said, "We hear and obey."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 881:
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle gave the land of Khaibar to the
Jews on the condition that they would work on it
and cultivate it and they would get half of its
yield.
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 882:
Narrated Uqba bin Amir:
Allah's Apostle said, "From among all the

conditions which you have to fulfill, the conditions

which make it legal for you to have sexual
relations (i.e. the marriage contract) have the
greatest right to be fulfilled."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 883:
Narrated Rafi bin Khadij:
We used to work on the fields more than the
other Ansar, and we used to rent the land (for
the yield of a specific portion of it). But

sometimes that portion or the rest of the land did

not give any yield, so we were forbidden (by the
Prophet ) to follow such a system, but we were
allowed to rent the land for money.
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 884:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "No town-dweller should sell
for a bedouin. Do not practice Najsh (i.e. Do not
offer a high price for a thing which you do not
want to buy, in order to deceive the people). No
Muslim should offer more for a thing already
bought by his Muslim brother, nor should he
demand the hand of a girl already engaged to
another Muslim. A Muslim woman shall not try
to bring about The divorce of her sister (i.e.
another Muslim woman) in order to take her
place herself."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 885:
Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid
Al-Juhani:
A bedouin came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O
Allah's apostle! I ask you by Allah to judge My
case according to Allah's Laws." His opponent,
who was more learned than he, said, "Yes, judge
between us according to Allah's Laws, and allow
me to speak." Allah's Apostle said, "Speak." He

(i .e. the bedouin or the other man) said, "My son

was working as a laborer for this (man) and he

committed illegal sexual intercourse with his wife.

The people told me that it was obligatory that my

son should be stoned to death, so in lieu of that I

ransomed my son by paying one hundred sheep
and a slave girl. Then I asked the religious
scholars about it, and they informed me that my
son must be lashed one hundred lashes, and be
exiled for one year, and the wife of this (man)
must be stoned to death." Allah's Apostle said,
"By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, I will judge
between you according to Allah's Laws. The
slave-girl and the sheep are to be returned to
you, your son is to receive a hundred lashes and
be exiled for one year. You, Unais, go to the

wife of this (man) and if she confesses her guilt,

stone her to death." Unais went to that woman
next morning and she confessed. Allah's Apostle
ordered that she be stoned to death.
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 886:
Narrated Aiman Al-Makki:
rs had stipulated that her Wala would be for
them.' The Prophet said,
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 887:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle forbade (1) the meeting of the
caravan (of goods) on the way, (2) and that a

residing person buys for a bedouin, (3) and that a

woman stipulates the divorce of the wife of the
would-be husband, (4) and that a man tries to
cause the cancellation of a bargain concluded by
another. He also forbade An-Najsh (see Hadith
824) and that one withholds the milk in the udder
of the animal so that he may deceive people on
selling it.
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 888:
Narrated Ubai bin Kab:
Allah's Apostle said, "Moses the Apostle of
Allah," and then he narrated the whole story
about him. Al-Khadir said to Moses, "Did not I
tell you that you can have no patience with me."
(18.72). Moses then violated the agreement for
the first time because of forgetfulness, then
Moses promised that if he asked Al-Khadir

about anything, the latter would have the right to

desert him. Moses abided by that condition and
on the third occasion he intentionally asked
Al-Khadir and caused that condition to be
applied. The three occasions referred to above
are referred to by the following Verses:
"Call me not to account for forgetting And be not
hard upon me." (18.73)
"Then they met a boy and Khadir killed him."
(18.74)
"Then they proceeded and found a wall which
was on the verge of falling and Khadir set it up
straight." (18.77)
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 889:
Narrated Urwa:
Aisha said, "Buraira came to me and said, 'My
people (masters) have written the contract for my
emancipation for nine Awaq ) of gold) to be paid
in yearly installments, one Uqiyya per year; so
help me." Aisha said (to her), "If your masters
agree, I will pay them the whole sum provided
the Wala will be for me." Buraira went to her
masters and told them about it, but they refused
the offer and she returned from them while
Allah's Apostles was sitting. She said, "I
presented the offer to them, but they refused
unless the Wala' would be for them." When the
Prophet heard that and 'Aisha told him about It,

he said to her, "Buy Buraira and let them stipulate

that her Wala' will be for them, as the Wala' is
for the manumitted." 'Aisha did so. After that
Allah's Apostle got up amidst the people,
Glorified and Praised Allah and said, "What is
wrong with some people who stipulate things
which are not in Allah's Laws? Any condition
which is not in Allah's Laws is invalid even if
there were a hundred such conditions. Allah's
Rules are the most valid and Allah's Conditions
are the most solid. The Wala is for the
manumitted."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 890:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
When the people of Khaibar dislocated Abdullah
bin Umar's hands and feet, Umar got up
delivering a sermon saying, "No doubt, Allah's
Apostle made a contract with the Jews
concerning their properties, and said to them,
'We allow you (to stand in your land) as long as
Allah allows you.' Now Abdullah bin Umar went
to his land and was attacked at night, and his
hands and feet were dislocated, and as we have
no enemies there except those Jews, they are our
enemies and the only people whom we suspect, I
have made up my mind to exile them." When
Umar decided to carry out his decision, a son of
Abu Al-Haqiq's came and addressed 'Umar, "O

chief of the believers, will you exile us although

Muhammad allowed us to stay at our places, and
made a contract with us about our properties,
and accepted the condition of our residence in
our land?" 'Umar said, "Do you think that I have
forgotten the statement of Allah's Apostle, i.e.:
What will your condition be when you are
expelled from Khaibar and your camel will be
carrying you night after night?" The Jew replied,
"That was joke from Abu-l-Qasim." 'Umar said,
"O the enemy of Allah! You are telling a lie."
'Umar then drove them out and paid them the
price of their properties in the form of fruits,
money, camel saddles and ropes, etc."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 891:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and
Marwan:
(whose narrations attest each other) Allah's
Apostle set out at the time of Al-Hudaibiya
(treaty), and when they proceeded for a
distance, he said, "Khalid bin Al-Walid leading

the cavalry of Quraish constituting the front of the

army, is at a place called Al-Ghamim, so take the
way on the right." By Allah, Khalid did not
perceive the arrival of the Muslims till the dust
arising from the march of the Muslim army
reached him, and then he turned back hurriedly
to inform Quraish. The Prophet went on
advancing till he reached the Thaniyya (i.e. a
mountainous way) through which one would go
to them (i.e. people of Quraish). The she-camel
of the Prophet sat down. The people tried their

best to cause the she-camel to get up but in vain,

so they said, "Al-Qaswa' (i.e. the she-camel's
name) has become stubborn! Al-Qaswa' has
become stubborn!" The Prophet said,
"Al-Qaswa' has not become stubborn, for
stubbornness is not her habit, but she was
stopped by Him Who stopped the elephant."
Then he said, "By the Name of Him in Whose

Hands my soul is, if they (i.e. the Quraish infidels)

ask me anything which will respect the
ordinances of Allah, I will grant it to them."
The Prophet then rebuked the she-camel and she
got up. The Prophet changed his way till he
dismounted at the farthest end of Al-Hudaibiya at

a pit (i.e. well) containing a little water which the

people used in small amounts, and in a short
while the people used up all its water and
complained to Allah's Apostle; of thirst. The
Prophet took an arrow out of his arrow-case and
ordered them to put the arrow in that pit. By
Allah, the water started and continued sprouting
out till all the people quenched their thirst and

returned with satisfaction. While they were still in

that state, Budail bin Warqa-al-Khuza'i came
with some persons from his tribe Khuza'a and
they were the advisers of Allah's Apostle who
would keep no secret from him and were from

the people of Tihama. Budail said, "I left Kab bin

Luai and 'Amir bin Luai residing at the profuse
water of Al-Hudaibiya and they had milch camels
(or their women and children) with them, and will
wage war against you, and will prevent you from
visiting the Kaba." Allah's Apostle said, "We
have not come to fight anyone, but to perform
the 'Umra. No doubt, the war has weakened

Quraish and they have suffered great losses, so if

they wish, I will conclude a truce with them,
during which they should refrain from interfering
between me and the people (i.e. the 'Arab

infidels other than Quraish), and if I have victory

over those infidels, Quraish will have the option
to embrace Islam as the other people do, if they

wish; they will at least get strong enough to fight.

But if they do not accept the truce, by Allah in
Whose Hands my life is, I will fight with them
defending my Cause till I get killed, but (I am
sure) Allah will definitely make His Cause
victorious." Budail said, "I will inform them of

what you have said." So, he set off till he reached

Quraish and said, "We have come from that man
(i.e. Muhammad) whom we heard saying
something which we will disclose to you if you
should like." Some of the fools among Quraish
shouted that they were not in need of this
information, but the wiser among them said,
"Relate what you heard him saying." Budail said,
"I heard him saying so-and-so," relating what the
Prophet had told him.
Urwa bin Mas'ud got up and said, "O people!
Aren't you the sons? They said, "Yes." He
added, "Am I not the father?" They said, "Yes."
He said, "Do you mistrust me?" They said, "No."
He said, "Don't you know that I invited the
people of 'Ukaz for your help, and when they
refused I brought my relatives and children and
those who obeyed me (to help you)?" They said,

"Yes." He said, "Well, this man (i.e. the Prophet)

has offered you a reasonable proposal, you'd
better accept it and allow me to meet him." They
said, "You may meet him." So, he went to the
Prophet and started talking to him. The Prophet
told him almost the same as he had told Budail.
Then Urwa said, "O Muhammad! Won't you feel
any scruple in extirpating your relations? Have
you ever heard of anyone amongst the Arabs

extirpating his relatives before you? On the other

hand, if the reverse should happen, (nobody will
aid you, for) by Allah, I do not see (with you)
dignified people, but people from various tribes
who would run away leaving you alone." Hearing
that, Abu Bakr abused him and said, "Do you
say we would run and leave the Prophet alone?"
Urwa said, "Who is that man?" They said, "He is
Abu Bakr." Urwa said to Abu Bakr, "By Him in
Whose Hands my life is, were it not for the favor
which you did to me and which I did not
compensate, I would retort on you." Urwa kept
on talking to the Prophet and seizing the
Prophet's beard as he was talking while
Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba was standing near the
head of the Prophet, holding a sword and
wearing a helmet. Whenever Urwa stretched his
hand towards the beard of the Prophet,
Al-Mughira would hit his hand with the handle of
the sword and say (to Urwa), "Remove your
hand from the beard of Allah's Apostle." Urwa
raised his head and asked, "Who is that?" The
people said, "He is Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba."
Urwa said, "O treacherous! Am I not doing my
best to prevent evil consequences of your
treachery?"
Before embracing Islam Al-Mughira was in the
company of some people. He killed them and
took their property and came (to Medina) to
embrace Islam. The Prophet said (to him, "As
regards your Islam, I accept it, but as for the
property I do not take anything of it. (As it was
taken through treason). Urwa then started
looking at the Companions of the Prophet. By
Allah, whenever Allah's Apostle spat, the spittle
would fall in the hand of one of them (i.e. the
Prophet's companions) who would rub it on his
face and skin; if he ordered them they would
carry his orders immediately; if he performed
ablution, they would struggle to take the
remaining water; and when they spoke to him,
they would lower their voices and would not
look at his face constantly out of respect. Urwa
returned to his people and said, "O people! By
Allah, I have been to the kings and to Caesar,
Khosrau and An-Najashi, yet I have never seen
any of them respected by his courtiers as much
as Muhammad is respected by his companions.

By Allah, if he spat, the spittle would fall in the

hand of one of them (i.e. the Prophet's
companions) who would rub it on his face and

skin; if he ordered them, they would carry out his

order immediately; if he performed ablution, they
would struggle to take the remaining water; and
when they spoke, they would lower their voices
and would not look at his face constantly out of
respect." Urwa added, "No doubt, he has
presented to you a good reasonable offer, so
please accept it." A man from the tribe of Bani
Kinana said, "Allow me to go to him," and they
allowed him, and when he approached the
Prophet and his companions, Allah's Ap le I said,
"He is so-and-so who belongs to the tribe that
respects the Budn (i.e. camels of the sacrifice).
So, bring the Budn in front of him." So, the Budn
were brought before him and the people received
him while they were reciting Talbiya. When he

saw that scene, he said, "Glorified be Allah! It is

not fair to prevent these people from visiting the

Ka'ba." When he returned to his people, he said,
'I saw the Budn garlanded (with colored knotted
ropes) and marked (with stabs on their backs). I
do not think it is advisable to prevent them from
visiting the Ka'ba." Another person called Mikraz
bin Hafs got up and sought their permission to go
to Muhammad, and they allowed him, too. When
he approached the Muslims, the Prophet said,
"Here is Mikraz and he is a vicious man." Mikraz
started talking to the Prophet and as he was
talking, Suhail bin Amr came.
When Suhail bin Amr came, the Prophet said,
"Now the matter has become easy." Suhail said
to the Prophet "Please conclude a peace treaty
with us." So, the Prophet called the clerk and
said to him, "Write: By the Name of Allah, the
most Beneficent, the most Merciful." Suhail said,
"As for 'Beneficent,' by Allah, I do not know
what it means. So write: By Your Name O Allah,
as you used to write previously." The Muslims
said, "By Allah, we will not write except: By the
Name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most
Merciful." The Prophet said, "Write: By Your
Name O Allah." Then he dictated, "This is the
peace treaty which Muhammad, Allah's Apostle
has concluded." Suhail said, "By Allah, if we
knew that you are Allah's Apostle we would not
prevent you from visiting the Kaba, and would
not fight with you. So, write: "Muhammad bin
Abdullah." The Prophet said, "By Allah! I am
Apostle of Allah even if you people do not
believe me. Write: Muhammad bin Abdullah."
(Az-Zuhri said, "The Prophet accepted all those
things, as he had already said that he would
accept everything they would demand if it
respects the ordinance of Allah, (i.e. by letting
him and his companions perform 'Umra.)" The
Prophet said to Suhail, "On the condition that
you allow us to visit the House (i.e. Ka'ba) so
that we may perform Tawaf around it." Suhail

said, "By Allah, we will not (allow you this year)

so as not to give chance to the 'Arabs to say that

we have yielded to you, but we will allow you
next year." So, the Prophet got that written.
Then Suhail said, "We also stipulate that you
should return to us whoever comes to you from
us, even if he embraced your religion." The
Muslims said, "Glorified be Allah! How will such
a person be returned to the pagans after he has
become a Muslim? While they were in this state
Abu- Jandal bin Suhail bin 'Amr came from the
valley of Mecca staggering with his fetters and
fell down amongst the Muslims. Suhail said, "O
Muhammad! This is the very first term with which
we make peace with you, i.e. you shall return
Abu Jandal to me." The Prophet said, "The
peace treaty has not been written yet." Suhail
said, "I will never allow you to keep him." The
Prophet said, "Yes, do." He said, "I won't do.:
Mikraz said, "We allow you (to keep him)." Abu
Jandal said, "O Muslims! Will I be returned to
the pagans though I have come as a Muslim?
Don't you see how much I have suffered?"
Abu Jandal had been tortured severely for the
Cause of Allah. Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "I
went to the Prophet and said, 'Aren't you truly
the Apostle of Allah?' The Prophet said, 'Yes,
indeed.' I said, 'Isn't our Cause just and the
cause of the enemy unjust?' He said, 'Yes.' I
said, 'Then why should we be humble in our

religion?' He said, 'I am Allah's Apostle and I do

not disobey Him, and He will make me
victorious.' I said, 'Didn't you tell us that we
would go to the Ka'ba and perform Tawaf

around it?' He said, 'Yes, but did I tell you that

we would visit the Ka'ba this year?' I said, 'No.'

He said, 'So you will visit it and perform Tawaf
around it?' " Umar further said, "I went to Abu
Bakr and said, 'O Abu Bakr! Isn't he truly

Allah's Prophet?' He replied, 'Yes.' I said, 'Then

why should we be humble in our religion?' He
said, 'Indeed, he is Allah's Apostle and he does
not disobey his Lord, and He will make him
victorious. Adhere to him as, by Allah, he is on

the right.' I said, 'Was he not telling us that we

would go to the Kaba and perform Tawaf

around it?' He said, 'Yes, but did he tell you that

you would go to the Ka'ba this year?' I said,
'No.' He said, "You will go to Ka'ba and
perform Tawaf around it." (Az-Zuhri said, "
'Umar said, 'I performed many good deeds as
expiation for the improper questions I asked
them.' ")
When the writing of the peace treaty was
concluded, Allah's Apostle said to his
companions, "Get up and' slaughter your
sacrifices and get your head shaved." By Allah
none of them got up, and the Prophet repeated
his order thrice. When none of them got up, he
left them and went to Um Salama and told her of
the people's attitudes towards him. Um Salama
said, "O the Prophet of Allah! Do you want your
order to be carried out? Go out and don't say a
word to anybody till you have slaughtered your
sacrifice and call your barber to shave your
head." So, the Prophet went out and did not talk

to anyone of them till he did that, i.e. slaughtered

the sacrifice and called his barber who shaved his

head. Seeing that, the companions of the Prophet
got up, slaughtered their sacrifices, and started
shaving the heads of one another, and there was
so much rush that there was a danger of killing
each other. Then some believing women came
(to the Prophet ); and Allah revealed the
following Divine Verses:--
"O you who believe, when the believing women
come to you as emigrants examine them . . ."
(60.10)
Umar then divorced two wives of his who were
infidels. Later on Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan
married one of them, and Safwan bin Umaya
married the other. When the Prophet returned to
Medina, Abu Basir, a new Muslim convert from
Quraish came to him. The Infidels sent in his
pursuit two men who said (to the Prophet ),
"Abide by the promise you gave us." So, the
Prophet handed him over to them. They took him
out (of the City) till they reached Dhul-Hulaifa
where they dismounted to eat some dates they
had with them. Abu Basir said to one of them,
"By Allah, O so-and-so, I see you have a fine
sword." The other drew it out (of the scabbard)

and said, "By Allah, it is very fine and I have tried

it many times." Abu Bair said, "Let me have a
look at it."
When the other gave it to him, he hit him with it
till he died, and his companion ran away till he
came to Medina and entered the Mosque
running. When Allah's Apostle saw him he said,
"This man appears to have been frightened."
When he reached the Prophet he said, "My
companion has been murdered and I would have
been murdered too." Abu Basir came and said,
"O Allah's Apostle, by Allah, Allah has made you
fulfill your obligations by your returning me to
them (i.e. the Infidels), but Allah has saved me
from them." The Prophet said, "Woe to his
mother! what excellent war kindler he would be,
should he only have supporters." When Abu
Basir heard that he understood that the Prophet

would return him to them again, so he set off till

he reached the seashore. Abu Jandal bin Suhail

got himself released from them (i.e. infidels) and

joined Abu Basir. So, whenever a man from
Quraish embraced Islam he would follow Abu
Basir till they formed a strong group. By Allah,
whenever they heard about a caravan of Quraish
heading towards Sham, they stopped it and
attacked and killed them (i.e. infidels) and took
their properties. The people of Quraish sent a
message to the Prophet requesting him for the
Sake of Allah and Kith and kin to send for (i.e.
Abu Basir and his companions) promising that
whoever (amongst them) came to the Prophet
would be secure. So the Prophet sent for them
(i.e. Abu Basir's companions) and Allah I
revealed the following Divine Verses:
"And it is He Who Has withheld their hands from
you and your hands From them in the midst of
Mecca, After He made you the victorious over
them. . . . the unbelievers had pride and
haughtiness, in their hearts . . . the pride and
haughtiness of the time of ignorance." (48.24-26)
And their pride and haughtiness was that they did
not confess (write in the treaty) that he (i.e.
Muhammad) was the Prophet of Allah and
refused to write: "In the Name of Allah, the most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful," and prevented
the Mushriks from visiting the Ka'ba.
Narrated Az-Zuhri: Urwa said, "Aisha told me
that Allah's Apostle used to examine the women
emigrants. We have been told also that when
Allah revealed the order that the Muslims should
return to the pagans what they had spent on their
wives who emigrated (after embracing Islam) and
that the Mushriks should not. keep unbelieving
women as their wives, 'Umar divorced two of his
wives, Qariba, the daughter of Abu Urhaiya and
the daughter of Jarwal Al-Khuza'i. Later on
Mu'awlya married Qariba and Abu Jahm married
the other."
When the pagans refused to pay what the
Muslims had spent on their wives, Allah revealed:
"And if any of your wives have gone from you to
the unbelievers and you have an accession (By
the coming over of a woman from the other side)
(Then pay to those whose wives have gone) The
equivalent of what they had spent (On their
Mahr)." (60.11)
So, Allah ordered that the Muslim whose wife,
has gone, should be given, as a compensation of
the Mahr he had given to his wife, from the Mahr
of the wives of the pagans who had emigrated
deserting their husbands.
We do not know any of the women emigrants
who deserted Islam after embracing it. We have
also been told that Abu Basir bin Asid
Ath-Thaqafi came to the Prophet as a Muslim
emigrant during the truce. Al-Akhnas bin Shariq
wrote to the Prophet requesting him to return
Abu Basir.
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 892:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle mentioned a person who asked
an Israeli man to lend him one-thousand Dinars,

and the Israeli lent him the sum for a certain fixed

period.
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 893:
Narrated Amra:
Aisha said that Buraira came to seek her help in
the writing of her emancipation. 'Aisha said to
her, "If you wish, I will pay your masters (your
price) and the wala' will be for me." When
Allah's Apostle came, she told him about it. The
Prophet said to her, "Buy her (i.e. Buraira) and
manumit her, for the Wala is for the one who
manumits." Then Allah's Apostle ascended the
pulpit and said, "What about those people who
stipulate conditions which are not in Allah's
Laws? Whoever stipulates such conditions as are
not in Allah's Laws, then those conditions are
invalid even if he stipulated a hundred such
conditions."
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 894:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah has ninety-nine
names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever
knows them will go to Paradise." (Please see
Hadith No. 419 Vol. 8)
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 895:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Umar bin Khattab got some land in Khaibar and
he went to the Prophet to consult him about it
saying, "O Allah' Apostle got some land in
Khaibar better than which I have never had,
what do you suggest that I do with it?" The

Prophet said, "If you like you can give the land as

endowment and give its fruits in charity." So
Umar gave it in charity as an endowment on the
condition that would not be sold nor given to
anybody as a present and not to be inherited, but
its yield would be given in charity to the poor

people, to the Kith and kin, for freeing slaves, for

Allah's Cause, to the travelers and guests; and

that there would be no harm if the guardian of the

endowment ate from it according to his need with
good intention, and fed others without storing it
for the future."

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