Announcing: BahaiPrayers.net


More Books by The Dharma Sutras

Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 1, Khanda 1
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 1, Khanda 2
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 2, Khanda 3
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 2, Khanda 4
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 2, Khanda 5
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 3, Khanda 6
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 3, Khanda 7
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 4, Khanda 8
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 4, Khanda 9
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 5, Khanda 10
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 5, Khanda 11
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 5, Khanda 12
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 6, Khanda 13
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 6, Khanda 14
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 6, Khanda 15
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 7, Khanda 16
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 7, Khanda 17
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 8, Khanda 18
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 8, Khanda 19
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 8, Khanda 20
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 9, Khanda 21
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 9, Khanda 22
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 9, Khanda 23
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 9, Khanda 24
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 10, Khanda 25
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 10, Khanda 26
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 10, Khanda 27
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 11, Khanda 28
Apastamba Prasna 2, Patala 11, Khanda 29
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 1, Khanda 1
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 1, Khanda 2
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 1, Khanda 3
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 1, Khanda 4
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 2, Khanda 5
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 2, Khanda 6
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 2, Khanda 7
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 2, Khanda 8
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 3, Khanda 9
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 3, Khanda 10
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 3, Khanda 11
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 4, Khanda 12
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 4, Khanda 13
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 4, Khanda 14
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 5, Khanda 15
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 5, Khanda 16
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 5, Khanda 17
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 6, Khanda 18
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 6, Khanda 19
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 7, Khanda 20
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 7, Khanda 21
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 8, Khanda 22
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 8, Khanda 23
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 9, Khanda 24
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 9, Khanda 25
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 9, Khanda 26
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 9, Khanda 27
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 10, Khanda 28
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 10, Khanda 29
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 11, Khanda 30
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 11, Khanda 31
Apastamba Prasna I, Patala 11, Khanda 32
Gutama 1
Gutama 2
Gutama 3
Gutama 4
Gutama 5
Gutama 6
Gutama 7
Gutama 8
Gutama 9
Gutama 10
Gutama 11
Gutama 12
Gutama 13
Gutama 14
Gutama 15
Gutama 16
Gutama 17
Gutama 18
Gutama 19
Gutama 20
Gutama 21
Gutama 22
Gutama 23
Gutama 24
Gutama 25
Gutama 26
Gutama 27
Gutama 28
Introduction to Apastamba
Introduction to Gutama
Free Interfaith Software

Web - Windows - iPhone








The Dharma Sutras : Gutama 22
GUATAMA CHAPTER XXII.
Hindu Index Index Previous Next
1. (Now follows the description of the) penances.

2. He who has (intentionally) slain a Brahmana shall emaciate himself, and thrice throw himself into a fire,

3. Or he may become in battle a target for armed men,

4. Or, remaining chaste, he may, during twelve years, enter the village (only) for the purpose of begging, carrying the foot of a bedstead and a skull in his hand and proclaiming his deed.

5. If be meets an Arya, he shall step out of the road.

[XXII. 1. The text of the Sutra consists of the single word 'penance' in the singular, which, being the adhikara or heading, must be taken with each of the following Sutras down to the end of chapter XXIII.

2. Manu XI, 74.
3. Apastamba I, 9, 25, 11.

4. Apastamba I, 9, 24, 11-20. Haradatta says, 'the foot of a bedstead' (khatvanga) is known in the case of the Pasupatas, and indicates thereby that he interprets the term to mean 'a club shaped like the foot of a bedstead,' which the Pasupatas wear.

5. Apastamba I, 9, 24, 13.]

6. Standing by day, sitting at night, and bathing in the morning, at noon, and in the evening, he may be purified (after twelve years),

7. Or by saving the life of a Brahmana,

8. Or if he is, at least, thrice vanquished in (trying to recover) the property (of a Brahmana) stolen (by robbers),

9. Or by bathing (with the priests) at (the end of) a honse-sacrifice,

10. Or at (the end of) any other (Vedic) sacrifice, provided that an Agnishtut (sacrifice) forms part of it.

11. (The same penances must be performed) even if he has attempted the life of a Brahmana, but failed to kill him,

12. Likewise if he has killed a female (of the Brahmana caste) who had bathed after temporary uncleanness,

13. Also for (destroying) the embryo of a Brahmana, though (its sex) may be not distinguishable.

14. For (intentionally) killing a Kshatriya the normal vow of continence (must be kept) for six

[6. Apastamba I, 9, 25, 10.
7. Manu XI, 80; Yagnavalkya III, 244-245.
8. Apastamba I, 9, 25, 21.
9. Apastamba I, 9, 25, 22.

10. Haradatta names the Pankaratra sacrifice as an instance of a Srauta yagna, of which an Agnishtut forms part. He adds that another commentator explain s the Sutra to mean, 'or at any other sacrifice, provided that an Agnishtut saciffice be its final ceremony.' Regarding the Agnishtut sacrifice, see also above, XIX, 10.

11. Yagnavalkya III, 252.

12. Apastamba I, 9, 24, 9; Manu XI, 88; Yagnvalkya III, 251.

13. Apastamba I, 9, 24, 8; Manu, Yagnavalkya, loc. cit.

14. Apastamba I, 9, 24, 1, 4. 'Prakrita (normal) means natural (svabhavika), i.e. not accompanied by the carrying of the foot of a bedstead and the rest.'--Haradatta.]

years; and he shall give one thousand cows and one bull.

15. For (killing) a Vaisya (the same penance must be performed) during three years; and he shall give one hundred cows and one bull.

16. For (killing) a Sudra (the same penance must be performed) during one year; and he shall give ten cows and one bull.

17. And the same (rule applies) if a female (has been killed) who was not in the condition (described in Sutra 12).

18. (The penance for killing) a cow is the same as for (the murder of) a Vaisya,

19. And for injuring a frog, an ichneumon, a crow, a chameleon, a musk-rat, a mouse, and a dog,

20. And for killing one thousand (small animals) that have bones,

21. Also for (killing) an ox-load of (animals) that have no bones;

[15. Apastamba I, 9, 24, 2, 4.
16. Apastamba I, 9, 24, 3, 4.

17. Apastamba I, 9, 24, 5; Yagnavalkya III, 269. Haradatta says that this rule refers to the expiation of the murder of a virtuous Brahmani.

18. Apastamba, I, 9, 26, 5; ManuXI, 109-116; Yagnavalkya III, 263. Haradatta thinks that the Sutra refers to the cow of a virtuous Srotriya or of a poor Brahmana who has many children.

19. Apastamba I, 9, 25, 13. Haradatta explains dahara to mean a small mouse, but gives the meaning assigned to it in the translation as the opinion of others. He states that all the animals named must have been intentionally injured and together.

20. Manu XI, 142; Yagnavalkya III, 275.
21. Apastamba I, 9, 26, 2.]

22. Or he may also give something for (the destruction of) each animal that has bones.

23. For (killing) a eunuch (he shall give) a load of straw and a masha of lead;

24. For (killing) a boar, a pot of clarified butter;

25. For (killing) a snake, a bar of iron;

26. For (killing) an unchaste woman, who is merely in name a Brahmani, a leather bag;

27. (For killing a woman who subsists) by harlotry, nothing at all.

28. For preventing that (a Brahmana) obtains a wife, food, or money, (he must) in each case (remain chaste) during a year,

29. For adultery two years,

30. (For adultery with the wife) of a Srotriya three years.

31. And if he has received a present (from the woman), he shall throw it away,

32. Or restore it to the giver.

33. If he has employed Vedic texts for people (with whom such intercourse is) forbidden, (he shall remain chaste for a year), provided (the portion of the Veda thus employed) contained one thousand words.

[22. Haradatta quotes a verse showing that 'something' means eight handfuls (mushti) of grain.

23, Manu XI, 134; Yagnavalkya III, 273.
24. Manu XI, 135.

25. Manu XI, 34; Yagnavalkya III, 273. Possibly danda, a bar, denotes here a particular measure, as a danda is said to be equal to four hastas or ninety-six angulis.

26. Manu XI, 139.
29-30. Apastamba II, 110, 27, 11.

33. Haradatta says that by the employment of Vedic texts, teaching or sacrificing is meant, but that others refer the Sutra to the performance of these acts in the company of, not for unworthy people.]

34. And the same (penance must be performed) by him who extinguishes the (sacred) fires, who neglects the daily recitation of the Veda, or (who is guilty) of a minor offence (upapataka),

35. Also by a wife who violates her duty (to her husband): but, being guarded, she shall receive food.

36. For committing a bestial crime, excepting (the case of) a cow, (he shall offer) an oblation of clarified butter, (reciting) the Kashmanda texts.

[35. Manu XI, 189; Yagnavalkya III, 297.

36. Manu XI, 174. Regarding the Kushmandas, see XIX, 12.]


Table of Contents: Albanian :Arabic :Belarusian :Bulgarian :Chinese_Simplified :Chinese_Traditional :Danish :Dutch :English :French :German :Hungarian :Italian :Japanese :Korean :Latvian :Norwegian :Persian :Polish :Portuguese :Romanian :Russian :Spanish :Swedish :Turkish :Ukrainian :